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Trauma chronic pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162786/are-there-early-signs-that-predict-development-of-temporomandibular-joint-disease
#1
Adrian Salinas Fredricson, Farid Khodabandehlou, Carina Krüger Weiner, Aron Naimi-Akbar, Johanna Adami, Annika Rosén
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD) involve orofacial pain and functional limitations that may limit important daily activities such as chewing and speaking. This observational case-control study attempted to identify factors associated with TMJD development, particularly inflammation. The study participants were patients treated at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. The cases were patients who received a diagnosis of TMJD, chronic closed lock, or painful clicking and were treated surgically during the period from 2007 through 2011...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155342/predictors-before-and-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-pain-acceptance-and-engagement-in-activities-at-a-one-year-follow-up-for-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-wad-a-study-based-on-the-swedish-quality-registry-for-pain-rehabilitation-sqrp
#2
Anne Söderlund, Monika Löfgren, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pain acceptance strategies related to psychological flexibility are important in the presence of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, the predictors of these strategies have not been studied extensively in patients with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to predict chronic pain acceptance and engagement in activities at one-year follow-up with pain intensity, fear of movement, perceived responses from significant others, outcome expectancies, and demographic variables in patients with WAD before and after multimodal rehabilitation (MMR)...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153925/lateral-atlantoaxial-joint-meniscoid-volume-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorder-a-case-control-study
#3
Scott F Farrell, Subaat Khan, Peter G Osmotherly, Michele Sterling, Jon Cornwall, Darren A Rivett
BACKGROUND: Lateral atlantoaxial (LAA) joints are established sources of nociceptive input in chronic whiplash associated disorder (WAD). These joints contain intra-articular meniscoids that may be damaged in whiplash trauma. LAA joint meniscoid morphology has not been investigated comprehensively in a chronic WAD population, and it is unclear whether morphological differences exist compared to a pain-free population. OBJECTIVES: This study examined LAA joint meniscoid volume in individuals with chronic WAD who report pain in a distribution consistent with LAA joint pain...
November 10, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123662/chronic-postsurgical-pain-is-there-a-possible-genetic-link
#4
Sabu Kumar James
Persistent or chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) has been defined as 'pain persisting beyond 2 months'. The cut-off limit of 2 months has been controversial, and some researchers argue for a 3-month period for the definition of CPSP. Multiple mechanisms, including both patient and surgical, have been shown to influence this transition. Patient factors include age, gender, anxiety, depression, somatisation, catastrophising, pre-existing pain anywhere and pain at the site of surgery. The various surgical factors include site and nature of surgery, infection, inflammation and repeat surgery...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093979/respiratory-epithelium-lined-cyst-of-the-maxilla-differential-diagnosis
#5
C P Martinelli-Kläy, S Chatelain, F Salvado, T Lombardi
Maxillary cysts, including the cysts lined by respiratory epithelium, can present a diagnostic challenge. We report an unusual case of a maxillary cyst on an endodontically treated tooth #16, in which the cavity was totally lined by a respiratory epithelium. The patient, a 35-year-old male, presented with a generalized chronic periodontitis and complained of a pain in the tooth #16 region. A periodontal pocket extending to the root apices with pus coming out from the gingival was found. A combined endodontic periodontal was observed on a panoramic radiography...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092067/regarding-modulation-of-central-sensitization-following-trigger-point-anesthetization-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-from-whiplash-trauma
#6
Karyn Laursen, Nalini Sehgal, Michelle Poliak-Tunis, Nathan J Rudin, Peggy Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067982/clinical-significance-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-chronic-low-backache
#7
A K Kohat, Jayantee Kalita, S Ramanivas, Usha K Misra, R V Phadke
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently done for the evaluation of chronic low backache (CLBA), however, its significance in Indian patients has not been evaluated. We report here the MRI findings in patients with CLBA and their sensitivity and specificity with clinical evidence of radiculopathy and localized CLBA as well as correlate these with pain severity and disability. METHODS: Seventy two patients with CLBA aged 20-70 yr without trauma, infection, tumour, metastasis and vascular malformation were included in the study...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051895/chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-a-rare-cause-of-pathological-fracture-of-the-femur
#8
Parita Soni, Nidhi Aggarwal, Anand Rai, Vivek Kumar, Kamholz Stephan, Yoon Taek, Kupfer Yizhak
The incidence rate of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in the United States is approximately 0.005%; men are at slightly higher risk than women. Bony involvement or pathological fracture rarely occurs in CLL, and it may be the initial presentation. An 85-year-old woman presented with acute respiratory failure secondary to pneumonia. Symptomatology included dyspnea. She was found to have pathological fracture of the femur caused by CLL. The diagnosis of CLL had been made 6 years previously, but the patient had refused therapy...
October 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038680/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-moderates-the-relationship-between-trauma-exposure-and-chronic-pain
#9
J Siqveland, T Ruud, E Hauff
Background: Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are risk factors for chronic pain. Objective: This study investigated how exposure to intentional and non-intentional traumatic events and PTSD are related to pain severity and outcome of treatment in chronic pain patients. Methods: We assessed exposure to potentially traumatizing events, psychiatric diagnosis with structured clinical interview, and pain severity in 63 patients at a secondary multidisciplinary pain clinic at the beginning of treatment, and assessed level of pain at follow up...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037487/-chronic-chest-pain-after-rib-fracture-it-can-cause-a-disability
#10
S Rabiou, Y Ouadnouni, M Lakranbi, A Traibi, F Antoini, M Smahi
INTRODUCTION: The rib fractures and instability of the chest wall are the main lesions of closed chest trauma. These lesions can be a source of chronic, often disabling with daily discomfort resulting limitation of some activities. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of this phenomenon in order to improve the quality of early care. METHODOLOGY: Through an observational retrospective cohort study on a number of 41 patients supported and monitored for traumatic rib fractures at the Military Hospital of Meknes during the period from October 2010 to March 2016...
October 13, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026667/lumbar-chronic-subdural-hematoma-mimicking-an-intradural-extramedullary-tumor-a-case-report
#11
Hyeun Sung Kim, Nitin Adsul, Yoon Seok Ju, Ki Joon Kim, Sung Ho Choi, Jeong Hoon Kim, Sung Kyun Chung, Jeong-Hoon Choi, Jee-Soo Jang, Il-Tae Jang, Seong-Hoon Oh, Jae Eun Park, Sol Lee
BACKGROUND: Chronic spinal subdural hematomas are extremely rare with only 28 cases reported in the literature. Nevertheless, they should be considered among the differential diagnoses for spinal intradural/extramedullary lesions. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old male presented with progressive back pain and right S1 radiculopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a right-sided posterolateral intradural/extramedullary lesion at the L5-S1 level. It was hyperintense on T1 and hypointense on T2-weighted images; on the short TI inversion recovery sequence it was hyperintense...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020716/improving-joint-pain-and-function-in-osteoarthritis
#12
REVIEW
Claire Owens, Philip G Conaghan
Osteoarthritis has become a major chronic pain condition. It affects more than 10% of adults and accounts for almost 10% of health service resources. The impact of osteoarthritis is amplified by underuse of effective muscle strengthening exercises and a focus on often less effective and poorly tolerated analgesic therapies. Although traditionally considered to be primarily a disease of cartilage, there is now ample evidence that typical clinical osteoarthritis involves multiple tissue pathologies. Increased BMI is associated with a higher incidence of knee osteoarthritis...
December 2016: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019639/spine-conditions-cervical-spine-conditions
#13
Marc A Childress
There are a variety of causes of neck pain, including trauma and degenerative changes. The history of onset helps to direct evaluation, including the need for imaging or ancillary testing. Patterns of pain, weakness, and other specific physical examination findings also aid in diagnosis. Management of most soft tissue injuries involves early mobilization, whereas fractures are managed based on patterns of instability. Acute spinal cord injury requires emergent care, to include possible decompressive surgery...
October 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018388/emdr-beyond-ptsd-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Carlos Cedrón, Francesc Colom, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann
Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through several randomized controlled trials (RCT). Solid evidence shows that traumatic events can contribute to the onset of severe mental disorders and can worsen their prognosis. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the most important findings from RCT conducted in the treatment of comorbid traumatic events in psychosis, bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and chronic back pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016379/oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-neuroprogression-in-chronic-ptsd
#15
Mark W Miller, Alex P Lin, Erika J Wolf, Danielle R Miller
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a serious and often disabling syndrome that develops in response to a traumatic event. Many individuals who initially develop the disorder go on to experience a chronic form of the condition that in some cases can last for many years. Among these patients, psychiatric and medical comorbidities are common, including early onset of age-related conditions such as chronic pain, cardiometabolic disease, neurocognitive disorders, and dementia. The hallmark symptoms of posttraumatic stress-recurrent sensory-memory reexperiencing of the trauma(s)-are associated with concomitant activations of threat- and stress-related neurobiological pathways that occur against a tonic backdrop of sleep disturbance and heightened physiological arousal...
October 9, 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994326/when-things-get-complicated-at-risk-attachment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#16
Lux Ratnamohan, Kasia Kozlowska
Pain is a signal of danger, and danger activates the attachment system. When a parent responds to a child's pain with appropriate protection and comfort, more often than not, the pain resolves. But what happens in families when a child's pain becomes chronic and continues to signal a danger that has long passed? This study explored patterns of attachment in 48 children and adolescents with chronic functional pain and 48 healthy controls using structured attachment interviews. Patterns of attachment were identified using the Dynamic Maturational Model of Attachment...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988804/the-experience-and-understanding-of-pain-management-in-recently-discharged-adult-trauma-patients-a-qualitative-study
#17
Helen Goldsmith, Andrea McCloughen, Kate Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Pain following injury is often intense, prolonged and debilitating. If poorly managed, this acute pain has the potential to delay rehabilitation and lead to chronic pain. Recent quantitative Australian research recommends implementing further information and interventions to improve trauma patient outcomes, however, to ensure effectiveness, exploration of the patient perspective is imperative to ensure the success of future pain management strategies. This study aimed to gain understanding about the experience of pain management using prescribed analgesic regimens of recently discharged adult trauma patients...
September 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982828/associations-between-compensable-injury-perceived-fault-and-pain-and-disability-1-year-after-injury-a-registry-based-australian-cohort-study
#18
Melita J Giummarra, Katharine S Baker, Liane Ioannou, Stella M Gwini, Stephen J Gibson, Carolyn A Arnold, Jennie Ponsford, Peter Cameron
OBJECTIVES: Compensable injury increases the likelihood of having persistent pain after injury. Three-quarters of patients report chronic pain after traumatic injury, which is disabling for about one-third of patients. It is important to understand why these patients report disabling pain, in order to develop targeted preventative interventions. This study examined the experience of pain and disability, and investigated their sequential interrelationships with, catastrophising, kinesiophobia and self-efficacy 1 year after compensable and non-compensable injury...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979630/sclerosing-mesenteritis-a-benign-cause-of-mesenteric-mass-lesions
#19
Diogo Carrola Gomes, Luísa Quaresma
Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare disease of the mesentery. Associations with surgery, trauma, autoimmunity and paraneoplastic syndrome have been suggested, but most of the cases remain idiopathic. Diagnosis is often incidental, based upon the finding of a single or multiple mesenteric lesions on abdominal CT and histopathological confirmation. Optimal treatment is still controversial, but most of the cases reported have a favourable prognosis. We present a case of a 54-year-old male with long-standing abdominal pain and nausea, whose CT revealed the presence of a large mesenteric mass...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972278/a-retrospective-study-of-ketamine-administration-and-the-development-of-acute-or-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-274-war-wounded-soldiers
#20
G Mion, J Le Masson, C Granier, C Hoffmann
The objective of this study was to explore whether ketamine prevents or exacerbates acute or post-traumatic stress disorders in military trauma patients. We conducted a retrospective study of a database from the French Military Health Service, including all soldiers surviving a war injury in Afghanistan (2010-2012). The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder was made by a psychiatrist and patients were analysed according to the presence or absence of this condition. Analysis included the following covariables: age; sex; acute stress disorder; blast injury; associated fatality; brain injury; traumatic amputation; Glasgow coma scale; injury severity score; administered drugs; number of surgical procedures; physical, neurosensory or aesthetic sequelae; and the development chronic pain...
December 2017: Anaesthesia
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