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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682037/disappearance-of-intracranial-extradural-hematomas-role-of-diastatic-cranial-fracture-and-intracranial-pressure-an-institutional-experience
#1
Abdul Rashid Bhat, Altaf Rehman Kirmani, Mohammed Afzal Wani
Context: The intracranial extradural hematoma (EDH) occupies space and creates a mass effect on the brain but the tenacious-adhesions of dura to the inner table of skull counters this effect. The intracranial pressure also pushes the hematoma back while it is held by dural tensile-force. Aims: The exploitation of a diastatic fracture, overlying an EDH, by the intracranial pressures to decompress a hematoma out of extradural space into subgaleal/subperiosteal space without surgical intervention...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675672/low-virulence-bacterial-infections-in-cervical-intervertebral-discs-a-prospective-case-series
#2
Yilei Chen, Xianjun Wang, Xuyang Zhang, Hong Ren, Bao Huang, Jian Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Zhihai Zhu, Fengdong Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional case series study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of low virulence disc infection and its associations with characteristics of patients or discs in the cervical spine. BACKGROUND: Low virulence bacterial infections could be a possible cause of intervertebral disc degeneration and/or back pain. Controversies are continuing over whether these bacteria, predominantly Propionibacterium acnes (P...
April 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669593/association-between-general-joint-hypermobility-and-knee-hip-and-lumbar-spine-osteoarthritis-by-race-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Portia P E Flowers, Rebecca J Cleveland, Todd A Schwartz, Amanda E Nelson, Virginia B Kraus, Howard J Hillstrom, Adam P Goode, Marian T Hannan, Jordan B Renner, Joanne M Jordan, Yvonne M Golightly
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) prevalence differs by race. General joint hypermobility (GJH) may be associated with OA, but differences by race are not known. This community-based study examined the frequency of GJH and its relationship with knee, hip, and lumbar spine OA by race (African American vs. Caucasian). METHODS: Data were from the Johnston County OA project, collected 2003-2010. GJH was defined as Beighton score ≥4. OA symptoms were defined as the presence of pain, aching, or stiffness on most days separately at the knee, hip, and lower back...
April 18, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668852/meg-working-memory-n-back-task-reveals-functional-deficits-in-combat-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Ming-Xiong Huang, Sharon Nichols, Ashley Robb-Swan, Annemarie Angeles-Quinto, Deborah L Harrington, Angela Drake, Charles W Huang, Tao Song, Mithun Diwakar, Victoria B Risbrough, Scott Matthews, Royce Clifford, Chung-Kuan Cheng, Jeffrey W Huang, Anusha Sinha, Kate A Yurgil, Zhengwei Ji, Imanuel Lerman, Roland R Lee, Dewleen G Baker
Combat-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a leading cause of sustained cognitive impairment in military service members and Veterans. However, the mechanism of persistent cognitive deficits including working memory (WM) dysfunction is not fully understood in mTBI. Few studies of WM deficits in mTBI have taken advantage of the temporal and frequency resolution afforded by electromagnetic measurements. Using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and an N-back WM task, we investigated functional abnormalities in combat-related mTBI...
April 13, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668650/impact-of-an-advanced-imaging-utilization-review-program-on-downstream-health-care-utilization-and-costs-for-low-back-pain
#5
Janessa M Graves, Deborah Fulton-Kehoe, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Gary M Franklin
BACKGROUND: Early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for acute low back pain (LBP) has been associated with increased costs, greater health care utilization, and longer disability duration in workers' compensation claimants. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a state policy implemented in June 2010 that required prospective utilization review (UR) for early MRI among workers' compensation claimants with LBP. RESEARCH DESIGN: Interrupted time series...
April 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667629/-the-characteristic-of-the-injuries-inflicted-by-a-zelinka-speargun-shot
#6
N M Krupnov, A L Shkutenko, A V Fedotov, A V Sashin
The available literature reports only rare cases of injuries inflicted by the speargun shots. The last publication of this sort of which we are aware dates back to 1960. This article describes an example from the expert practice concerning the accident involving a wound caused by the speargun shot to a member of an amateur fishing party. The authors examined the weapon of injury (a 'Zelinka' speargun), the harpoon, its head, and fragments of the skin with the traces of the punctured wound obtained from the corpse of the victim...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667426/surgical-repair-of-traumatic-isolated-inferior-rectus-muscle-avulsion
#7
Xuhong Zuo, Lei Gao, Lewei Bao, Lv Chunyan
PURPOSE: To report our experience in the management of avulsion of the inferior rectus muscle. METHODS: We describe the approach we have used for surgical repair of isolated avulsion of the inferior rectus muscle in two patients who suffered orbital trauma. RESULTS: In both cases, the proximal portion of the inferior rectus muscle was located successfully by the generated muscle force duction test and sutured back into its original insertion point...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664021/a-tlr-akt-foxo3-immune-tolerance-like-pathway-disrupts-the-repair-capacity-of-oligodendrocyte-progenitors
#8
Taasin Srivastava, Parham Diba, Justin M Dean, Fatima Banine, Daniel Shaver, Matthew Hagen, Xi Gong, Weiping Su, Ben Emery, Daniel L Marks, Edward N Harris, Bruce Baggenstoss, Paul H Weigel, Larry S Sherman, Stephen A Back
Cerebral white matter injury (WMI) persistently disrupts myelin regeneration by oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs). We identified a specific bioactive hyaluronan fragment (bHAf) that downregulates myelin gene expression and chronically blocks OPC maturation and myelination via a tolerance-like mechanism that dysregulates pro-myelination signaling via AKT. Desensitization of AKT occurs via TLR4 but not TLR2 or CD44. OPC differentiation was selectively blocked by bHAf in a maturation-dependent fashion at the late OPC (preOL) stage by a noncanonical TLR4/TRIF pathway that induced persistent activation of the FoxO3 transcription factor downstream of AKT...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662685/adaptation-translation-and-reliability-of-the-australian-juniors-enjoying-cricket-safely-injury-risk-perception-questionnaire-for-sri-lanka
#9
Prasanna J Gamage, Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
Objectives: Cricket is a very popular sport in Sri Lanka. In this setting there has been limited research; specifically, there is little knowledge of cricket injuries. To support future research possibilities, the aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt, translate and test the reliability of an Australian-developed questionnaire for the Sri Lankan context. Methods: The Australian 'Juniors Enjoying Cricket Safely' (JECS-Aus) injury risk perception questionnaire was cross-culturally adapted to suit the Sri Lankan context and subsequently translated into the two main languages (Sinhala and Tamil) based on standard forward-back translation...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660966/community-based-interventions-for-adolescents-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#10
Betony Clasby, Nathan Hughes, Cathy Catroppa, Elle Morrison
BACKGROUND: Chronic impairment following childhood traumatic brain injury has the potential to increase risk of negative outcomes. This highlights potential value of community-based rehabilitation programs. OBJECTIVES: To identify research studies examining existing intervention programmes available in community-based rehabilitation to adolescents following TBI to assist with the transition back into the community. METHODS: A systematic review of community-based interventions was conducted across different national contexts...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659301/cross-cultural-validation-of-a-brazilian-version-of-the-adapted-manual-wheelchair-circuit-amwc-brazil
#11
Frederico Ribeiro Neto, Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa, Ana Cláudia Garcia Lopes, Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro
PURPOSE: To translate, culturally adapt and validate the Adapted Manual Wheelchair Circuit (AMWC) into Brazilian-Portuguese. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Sixty-six men (median age of 30.5 years [percentiles 25 and 75: 24.0; 38.3 years]) with traumatic spinal cord injury were consecutively enrolled and divided into two groups: tetraplegia (TP) and paraplegia (PP). The participants performed the AMWC-Brazil and were evaluated by the Spinal Cord Injury Measure version III (SCIM-III)...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658937/kinematic-analysis-using-3d-motion-capture-of-drinking-task-in-people-with-and-without-upper-extremity-impairments
#12
Margit Alt Murphy, Steve Murphy, Hanna C Persson, Ulla-Britt Bergström, Katharina Stibrant Sunnerhagen
Kinematic analysis is a powerful method for objective assessment of upper extremity movements in a three-dimensional (3D) space. Three-dimensional motion capture with an optoelectronic camera system is considered as golden standard for kinematic movement analysis and is increasingly used as outcome measure to evaluate the movement performance and quality after an injury or disease involving upper extremity movements. This article describes a standardized protocol for kinematic analysis of drinking task applied in individuals with upper extremity impairments after stroke...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658521/ratios-of-torques-of-antagonist-muscle-groups-in-female-soccer-players
#13
Artur Struzik, Adam Siemieński, Tadeusz Bober, Bogdan Pietraszewski
PURPOSE: An increase in the value of the hamstring-to-quadriceps (H/Q) ratio with an increase in angular velocity may effectively prevent injuries of the back of the thigh. Previous studies have found that the conventional H/Q ratio was unaltered along with an increasing angular velocity in females. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationships between the conventional H/Q ratio and angular velocity in a group of female soccer players. METHODS: The study was carried out on a group of 16 female soccer players (age: 20...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651902/shoulder-and-lower-back-joint-reaction-forces-in-seated-double-poling
#14
Marie Lund Ohlsson, Jonas Danvind, L Joakim Holmberg
Overuse injuries in the shoulders and lower back are hypothesized to be common in cross-country sit-skiing. Athletes with reduced trunk muscle control mainly sits with their knees higher than hips (KH). To reduce spinal flexion, a position with the knees below the hips (KL) was enabled for these athletes using a frontal trunk support. The aim of the study was to compare the shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) and L4-L5 joint reactions between the sitting positions KL and KH. Five able-bodied female athletes performed submaximal and maximal exercise tests in the sitting positions KL and KH on a ski-ergometer...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651394/the-healing-effect-of-sesame-oil-camphor-and-honey-on-second-degree-burn-wounds-in-rat
#15
Reza Vaghardoost, Seyed GholamReza Mousavi Majd, Hamid Tebyanian, Hamid Babavalian, Leila Malaei, Mitra Niazi, Ali Javdani
BACKGROUND: Many studies were carried out to improve sophisticated dressings to accelerate healing processes and reduce the microbial burden in burn wounds. This study evaluated the healing effect of herbal ointment containing extract of sesame oil, camphor and honey on second degree burn wounds in rats in comparison with daily dressing oil vaseline. METHODS: Forty rats were randomly assigned to two equal groups. A deep second degree burn was formed on the back of each rat with using a standard burning technique...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650626/infarct-size-reduction-by-targeting-ischemic-injury-back-to-square-one
#16
EDITORIAL
Xavier Rossello, Borja Ibanez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650169/the-need-for-first-aid-education-for-adolescents
#17
Nur Amirah Mohd Sharif, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Farrah Ilyani Che Jamaludin, Mohd Khairul Zul Hasymi Firdaus
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify the need for basic first aid knowledge and skills among adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was conducted among 375 secondary school students in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. The survey was adapted from a Hong Kong Red Cross survey. A back to back translation of this instrument was carried out by two bilingual medical experts with Cronbach's alpha 0.8. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) in terms of descriptive analysis, and an independent t-test and chi-square test were carried out...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648954/what-happens-to-the-farm-australian-farmers-experiences-after-a-serious-farm-injury
#18
Jessica Beattie, Candis McLeod, Meg Murray, Daryl Pedler, Susan Brumby, Belinda Gabbe
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of farmers on returning to farming following a serious farm-related injury. METHODS: Patients who had sustained major trauma on a farm in Victoria, Australia, were identified using the Victorian State Trauma Registry (VSTR). In depth, semistructured phone interviews were conducted with 31 participants. Interview data were subjected to thematic analysis to identify important recurring themes. Interviews continued until data saturation was achieved...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644160/wilson-s-disease-expect-the-unexpected
#19
Talal El Imad, Hassan Al Moussawi, Fady G Haddad, Richard Felix, Stephen M Mulrooney
A 64-year-old woman, presented with abdominal distention, jaundice and resting tremor, was found to have liver injury and abnormal liver enzymes. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed abdominopelvic ascites and signs of liver cirrhosis. An extensive liver disease workup was performed and came back negative; therefore, a liver biopsy was obtained and showed evidence of cirrhosis with elevated liver copper consistent with Wilson's disease (WD). We report a unique case of late-onset WD in which the ceruloplasmin level and 24-h urinary copper excretion were all normal...
February 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628832/efficacy-and-safety-of-pulsed-radiofrequency-and-steroid-injection-for-intercostobrachial-neuralgia-in-postmastectomy-pain-syndrome-a-clinical-trial
#20
Beshoy Nabil Fam, Ghada Gamal El-Din El-Sayed, Raafat Mahfouz Reyad, Ikramy Mansour
Background: Breast cancer is a common neoplastic tumor in women, and the postmastectomy pain syndrome has been reported frequently after surgical treatment. The injury of the intercostobrachial nerve is considered the major cause of this type of pain. Purpose: Evaluation of efficacy and safety of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) and steroid injection on the 2nd and 3rd thoracic (T2 and T3) dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) for intercostobrachial neuralgia (ICBN) postmastectomy...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
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