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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657236/black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-larvae-enhances-immune-activities-and-increases-survivability-of-broiler-chicks-against-experimental-infection-of-salmonella-gallinarum
#1
Jin-A Lee, Yun-Mi Kim, Young-Kyu Park, Young-Cheol Yang, Bock-Gie Jung, Bong-Joo Lee
Black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae (BSFL) are rich in protein and have the potential to be used in animal feed. The aim of the present study was to determine the immunoprophylactic effect of BSFL against Salmonella Gallinarum in broiler chicks as an alternative feed additive. Results showed that BSFL improved body weight gain and increased frequency of CD4+ T lymphocyte, serum lysozyme activity, and spleen lymphocyte proliferation. Moreover, BSFL reinforced bacterial clearance and increased survivability of broiler chicks against S...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589997/rearing-zebrafish-on-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-biometric-histological-spectroscopic-biochemical-and-molecular-implications
#2
Arturo Vargas, Basilio Randazzo, Paola Riolo, Cristina Truzzi, Giorgia Gioacchini, Elisabetta Giorgini, Nino Loreto, Sara Ruschioni, Matteo Zarantoniello, Matteo Antonucci, Sara Polverini, Gloriana Cardinaletti, Simona Sabbatini, Francesca Tulli, Ike Olivotto
A desirable goal of the aquaculture sector is to replace most of fish meal and fish oil with more sustainable, cost-effective, and environmental friendly ingredients ensuring fish health and welfare standards. Due to minimal environmental impact, compared with most conventional feed commodities, insects deserve a growing attention as candidate ingredients for aquafeeds. The present study investigated, for the first time, the possible application of a 100% insect diet in zebrafish larval rearing. Through a multidisciplinary approach, the major biological responses of fish to the new diets were assessed...
March 28, 2018: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579943/moisture-adsorption-properties-and-shelf-life-estimation-of-dried-and-pulverised-edible-house-cricket-acheta-domesticus-l-and-black-soldier-fly-larvae-hermetia-illucens-l
#3
E Kamau, C Mutungi, J Kinyuru, S Imathiu, C Tanga, H Affognon, S Ekesi, D Nakimbugwe, K K M Fiaboe
Edible insects are part of the diets of a significant proportion of rural populations in the tropics especially Africa and Asia, and their use as source of key nutrients for better nutrition is re-emerging. Indigenously, elemental methods are used to process the insects before they are consumed or sold in retail outlets. In recent years, better knowledge of processing, packaging and storage has become necessary because of commercialisation needs. A common processing approach involves drying after a brief heat-treatment step, and then milling into a powdered product which is sold to manufacturers or consumers as ingredient for processing final products...
April 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495278/tolerance-and-excretion-of-the-mycotoxins-aflatoxin-b%C3%A2-zearalenone-deoxynivalenol-and-ochratoxin-a-by-alphitobius-diaperinus-and-hermetia-illucens-from-contaminated-substrates
#4
Louise Camenzuli, Ruud Van Dam, Theo de Rijk, Rob Andriessen, Jeroen Van Schelt, H J Ine Van der Fels-Klerx
This study aimed to investigate the potential accumulation of mycotoxins in the lesser mealworm ( Alphitobius diaperinus, LMW) and black soldier fly ( Hermetia illucens, BSF) larvae. Feed was spiked with aflatoxin B₁, deoxynivalenol (DON), ochratoxin A or zearalenone, and as a mixture of mycotoxins, to concentrations of 1, 10, and 25 times the maximum limits set by the European Commission for complete feed. This maximum limit is 0.02 mg/kg for aflatoxin B₁, 5 mg/kg for DON, 0.5 mg/kg for zearalenone and 0...
February 24, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475866/microbial-community-dynamics-during-rearing-of-black-soldier-fly-larvae-hermetia-illucens-and-its-impact-on-exploitation-potential
#5
Jeroen De Smet, Enya Wynants, Paul Cos, Leen Van Campenhout
The need to increase sustainability in agriculture, to ensure food security for the future generations, is leading to the emergence of industrial rearing facilities for insects. One promising species being industrially reared as an alternative protein source for animal feed and as a raw material for the chemical industry is the black soldier fly ( Hermetia illucens ). However, scientific knowledge towards the optimization of productivity for this insect is scarce. One knowledge gap concerns the impact of the microbial community associated with H...
February 23, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433277/composition-of-black-soldier-fly-prepupae-and-systematic-approaches-for-extraction-and-fractionation-of-proteins-lipids-and-chitin
#6
Augusta Caligiani, Angela Marseglia, Giulia Leni, Stefania Baldassarre, Lara Maistrello, Arnaldo Dossena, Stefano Sforza
Black soldier fly (BSF, Hermetia illucens) constitutes an economic way to convert residual biomasses into a valuable source of biomolecules, such as proteins, lipids and chitin. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility of applying different extraction protocols, either chemical extractions or enzymatic assisted extraction, to recover pure fat, protein and chitin fractions. First, exact proximate composition, total amino acids, fatty acids profile, and N-acetylglucosamine content of the prepupae samples were determined...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397276/larval-digestion-of-different-manure-types-by-the-black-soldier-fly-diptera-stratiomyidae-impacts-associated-volatile-emissions
#7
Kelly V Beskin, Chelsea D Holcomb, Jonathan A Cammack, Tawni L Crippen, Anthony H Knap, Stephen T Sweet, Jeffery K Tomberlin
Volatile emissions from decomposing animal waste are known environmental pollutants. The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.), is being evaluated for industrialization as a means to recycle wastes and produce protein for use as food and feed. We examined the ability of black soldier fly larvae to reduce odorous compounds associated with animal wastes. Black soldier fly larvae were reared under laboratory conditions on poultry, swine, and dairy manure at feed rates of 18.0 and 27.0 g every other day until 40% reached the prepupal stage...
April 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391684/use-of-black-soldier-fly-larvae-hermetia-illucens-to-substitute-soybean-meal-in-ruminant-diet-an-in-vitro-rumen-fermentation-study
#8
Anuraga Jayanegara, Briliannanda Novandri, Nover Yantina, Muhammad Ridla
Aim: This experiment aimed to evaluate substitution of soybean meal (SBM) by black soldier fly (BSF) larvae meal in a napier grass diet as performed by an in vitro rumen fermentation system. Materials and Methods: Samples of napier grass, SBM, and BSF larvae age 1 week (BSF1) and 2 weeks (BSF2) were arranged according to the following dietary treatments (dry matter [DM] basis): T1, 100% napier grass; T2, 60% napier grass + 40% SBM; T3, 60% napier grass + 40% BSF1; T4, 60% napier grass + 40% BSF2; T5, 60% napier grass + 20% SBM + 20% BSF1; and T6, 60% napier grass + 20% SBM + 20% BSF2...
December 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343316/black-soldier-fly-larva-fat-inclusion-in-finisher-broiler-chicken-diet-as-an-alternative-fat-source
#9
A Schiavone, S Dabbou, M De Marco, M Cullere, I Biasato, E Biasibetti, M T Capucchio, S Bergagna, D Dezzutto, M Meneguz, F Gai, A Dalle Zotte, L Gasco
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of partial or total replacement of finisher diet soybean oil with black soldier fly (Hermethia illucens L.; HI) larva fat on the growth performance, carcass traits, blood parameters, intestinal morphology and histological features of broiler chickens. At 21 days of age, a total of 120 male broiler chickens (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to three experimental groups (five replicates and eight birds/pen). To a basal control diet (C; 68.7 g/kg as fed of soybean oil), either 50% or 100% of the soybean oil was replaced with HI larva fat (HI50 and HI100 group, respectively)...
January 18, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325020/dynamic-effects-of-initial-ph-of-substrate-on-biological-growth-and-metamorphosis-of-black-soldier-fly-diptera-stratiomyidae
#10
Junhua Ma, Yanyan Lei, Kashif Ur Rehman, Ziniu Yu, Jibin Zhang, Wu Li, Qing Li, Jeffery K Tomberlin, Longyu Zheng
Edible insects have become a recognized alternative and sustainable source of high-quality proteins and fats for livestock or human consumption. In the production process of black soldier fly (BSF), (Hermetia illucens L. [Diptera: Stratiomyidae]), initial substrate pH is a critical parameter to ensure the best value of insect biomass, life history traits, and quality bio-fertilizer. This study examined the impact of initial pH values on BSF larvae production, development time, and adult longevity. The BSF were reared on artificial diet with initial pH of 2...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304440/evaluation-of-an-insect-meal-of-the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-as-soybean-substitute-intestinal-morphometry-enzymatic-and-microbial-activity-in-laying-hens
#11
Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Maria Messina, Francesca Tulli, Basilio Randazzo, Ike Olivotto, Laura Gasco, Rosa Loponte, Fulvia Bovera
This research investigated the ileum morphometry and enzymatic activity, the caecal volatile fatty acid production and the apparent nutrient digestibility in laying hens fed a Hermetia illucens larvae meal (HILM) as a complete replacement of diet soybean meal (SBM). The hens fed HILM exhibited a lower live weight (P<0.05) and a higher incidence of the full digestive tract (P<0.05) than the SBM group. In the duodenum, the maltase exhibited a higher (P<0.05) activity in the HILM group while the intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) had a higher (P<0...
April 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282157/impact-of-black-soldier-fly-larvae-meal-on-the-chemical-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-rainbow-trout-fillets
#12
S Mancini, I Medina, V Iaconisi, F Gai, A Basto, G Parisi
The present research studied the effect of a dietary inclusion with Hermetia illucens larvae meal (Hi) on rainbow trout's fillets chemical composition. The effect of Hi inclusion in diets on rainbow trout chemical characteristics was evaluated. Trout were fed three different diets: control (C, no Hi inclusion), 25% and 50% of substitution of fish meal with Hi (Hi25 and Hi50, respectively). Fillets were analysed to quantify proximate composition, carbohydrates percentage, colour parameters, nucleotides concentration, fatty acids profile, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic concentrations...
December 28, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209974/metallothionein-in-hermetia-illucens-linnaeus-1758-larvae-diptera-stratiomyidae-a-potential-biomarker-for-organic-waste-system
#13
Xiaoyun Wang, Qiao Gao, Xinhui Liu, Xiao-Ping Wang, Chaoliang Lei, Waheed A A Sayed, Fen Zhu
Black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus, 1758), is an important economic fly as its larvae can be used for recycling organic waste, such as food waste and manure. H. illucens larvae (BSFL) could uptake Cd from substrates and accumulate it inside bodies, which need to be monitored during waste treatment. Metallothionein (MT) usually serve as biomarker because of its role in metal homeostasis, detoxification, and dose response of heavy metals. Therefore, a MT gene was cloned from H. illucens (HIMT) that encoded 40 amino acids with typical cysteine rich features, which had a high sequence identity with other insect MTs...
February 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098581/resistance-of-black-soldier-fly-diptera-stratiomyidae-larvae-to-combined-heavy-metals-and-potential-application-in-municipal-sewage-sludge-treatment
#14
Minmin Cai, Ruiqi Hu, Ke Zhang, Shiteng Ma, Longyu Zheng, Ziniu Yu, Jibin Zhang
Treating municipal sewage sludge (MSS) sustainably and economically in China remains a challenge because of risks associated with the heavy metals it contains. In this study, black solider fly larvae (BSFL) were used for MSS treatment. The resistance of larvae to combined heavy metals and their potential use in conversion of MSS were investigated. The results indicated that seven MSS samples contained large amounts of heavy metals, with the lead and nickel contents of several samples exceeding Chinese national discharge standards...
January 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069348/photophase-duration-affects-immature-black-soldier-fly-diptera-stratiomyidae-development
#15
Leslie A Holmes, Sherah L VanLaerhoven, Jeffery K Tomberlin
This study tested the effect of photophase duration on black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.; Diptera: Stratiomyidae), development. Successful larval eclosion, development time and adult emergence were measured for individuals exposed to 0 h, 8 h, and 12 h of light, at approximately 27°C and 70% relative humidity. Accumulated degree hours (ADH) were calculated to correct for differences in temperature across treatments. Larvae successfully eclosed in all treatments, with larvae in 12 h light requiring 5...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057841/review-of-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-as-animal-feed-and-human-food
#16
REVIEW
Yu-Shiang Wang, Matan Shelomi
Food futurists accept that sustainability-minded humanity will increasingly incorporate insects as alternative protein. The most studied and easily reared species are not necessarily the most sustainable, acceptable, or delicious. Here, we review the literature on the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, which is capable of efficiently converting a wide variety of organic materials, from food waste to manure, into insect biomass. They can be grown and harvested without dedicated facilities and are not pestiferous...
October 18, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988939/susceptibility-of-wounded-and-intact-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-l-diptera-stratiomyidae-to-entomopathogenic-nematodes
#17
Joseph Tourtois, Jared Gregory Ali, Matthew J Grieshop
Production costs and limited regional availability are two key factors limiting the widespread adoption of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae and Steinernematidae) in biological control programs. We explore the potential of using black soldier fly larvae Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) as an alternative in vivo rearing host to the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). We injured black soldier fly larvae to test the hypothesis that the tough cuticle was preventing the penetration of founding infective juveniles (IJs) into the host and egress of offspring from the cadaver...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966127/nutritional-immunology-diversification-and-diet-dependent-expression-of-antimicrobial-peptides-in-the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens
#18
Heiko Vogel, Ariane Müller, David G Heckel, Herwig Gutzeit, Andreas Vilcinskas
The black soldier fly Hermetia illucens is used for the bioconversion of organic waste into feed for livestock and aquaculture, and is economically among the most important farmed insects in the world. The larvae can be fed on agricultural waste and even liquid manure, resulting in highly unpredictable pathogen levels and dietary conditions. Here we show that H. illucens larvae express a remarkably expanded spectrum of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), many of which are induced by feeding on a diet containing high bacterial loads...
September 29, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960324/uptake-of-heavy-metals-and-arsenic-in-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-larvae-grown-on-seaweed-enriched-media
#19
Irene Biancarosa, Nina S Liland, Daan Biemans, Pedro Araujo, Christian G Bruckner, Rune Waagbø, Bente E Torstensen, Erik-Jan Lock, Heidi Amlund
BACKGROUND: The black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) is one of the most promising insect species for use in animal feed. However, studies investigating feed and food safety aspects of using black soldier fly as feed are scarce. In this study, we fed black soldier fly larvae feeding media enriched with seaweed, which contains naturally high concentrations of heavy metals and arsenic. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential transfer of such undesirable substances from the feeding media to the larvae...
September 27, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837591/modulation-of-nutrient-composition-of-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-larvae-by-feeding-seaweed-enriched-media
#20
Nina S Liland, Irene Biancarosa, Pedro Araujo, Daan Biemans, Christian G Bruckner, Rune Waagbø, Bente E Torstensen, Erik-Jan Lock
Black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae are a promising source of protein and lipid for animal feeds. The nutritional composition of the BSF larvae depend partly on the composition of the feeding medium. The BSF lipid profile in part mimics the feeding media lipid profile, and micronutrients, like minerals and vitamins, can readily accumulate in black soldier fly larvae. However, investigative studies on bioconversion and accumulation of nutrients from media to black soldier fly larvae are scarce. Here we show that inclusion of the brown algae Ascophyllum nodosum in the substrate for black soldier fly larvae can introduce valuable nutrients, commonly associated with the marine environment, into the larvae...
2017: PloS One
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