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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922312/should-heavy-metals-be-monitored-in-foods-derived-from-soils-fertilized-with-animal-waste
#1
Rafael da Rosa Couto, Jucinei J Comin, Monique Souza, Felipe K Ricachenevsky, Marcos A Lana, Luciano C Gatiboni, Carlos A Ceretta, Gustavo Brunetto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922108/infant-and-young-child-feeding-index-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status-a-cross-sectional-study-of-urban-slums-of-ahmedabad
#2
Shalu R Chaudhary, Samarth Govil, Mrudula K Lala, Hardik B Yagnik
BACKGROUND: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices are multidimensional and change rapidly in short intervals in the 1st year of life, asking for simultaneous assessment of various feeding dimensions in children of 6 months and older. Infant and Child Feeding Index (ICFI) is a composite index which measures complete feeding practices for infants and young children. The present study was conducted to assess IYCF practices for children aged 6-36 months in terms of ICFI and some sociodemographic factors and find out the association of ICFI with nutritional status...
May 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915996/production-of-single-cell-protein-from-agro-waste-using-rhodococcus-opacus
#3
Kristina M Mahan, Rosemary K Le, Tyrone Wells, Seth Anderson, Joshua S Yuan, Ryan J Stoklosa, Aditya Bhalla, David B Hodge, Arthur J Ragauskas
Livestock and fish farming are rapidly growing industries facing the simultaneous pressure of increasing production demands and limited protein required to produce feed. Bacteria that can convert low-value non-food waste streams into singe cell protein (SCP) present an intriguing route for rapid protein production. The oleaginous bacterium Rhodococcus opacus serves as a model organism for understanding microbial lipid production. SCP production has not been explored using an organism from this genus. In the present research, R...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915732/prevalent-infant-feeding-practices-among-the-mothers-presenting-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-garhwal-himalayan-region-uttarakhand-india
#4
Vyas Kumar Rathaur, Monika Pathania, Charu Pannu, Anand Jain, Minakshi Dhar, Nitish Pathania, Rahul Goel
Introduction: There is paucity of studies on infant feeding practices from the rural areas of garhwal Himalayas of the state of uttarakhand. The present study was designed to assess the infant feeding practices in Garhwal region. Infant feeding practices have significant implications on a child's health. Early nutritional status especially during the first year of life has been shown to have a significant effect on child health and development. Optimal infant feeding practices are crucial for nutritional status, growth, development, health, and ultimately the survival of infants and young children...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914193/antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-activities-of-citrus-water-extracts-obtained-by-microwave-assisted-and-conventional-methods
#5
Leonardo Caputo, Laura Quintieri, Maria Maddalena Cavalluzzi, Giovanni Lentini, Solomon Habtemariam
Citrus pomace is a huge agro-food industrial waste mostly composed of peels and traditionally used as compost or animal feed. Owing to its high content of compounds beneficial to humans (e.g., flavonoids, phenol-like acids, and terpenoids), citrus waste is increasingly used to produce valuable supplements, fragrance, or antimicrobials. However, such processes require sustainable and efficient extraction strategies by solvent-free techniques for environmentally-friendly good practices. In this work, we evaluated the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of water extracts of three citrus peels (orange, lemon, and citron) against ten different sanitary relevant bacteria...
June 17, 2018: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913301/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-sophora-flavescens-residues
#6
Hongyan Ma, Qi Huang, Wenshan Qu, Linyuan Li, Min Wang, Shao Li, Fujiang Chu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The dried roots of Sophora flavescens Ait. (Leguminosae) is traditionally used as antipyretic medicine to reduce inflammation. It is well known that alkaloids and flavonoids are the main constituents of S. flavescens. However, the clinical researches and applications of S. flavescens is mainly based on its water-extracted alkaloids, its flavonoids may still remain in residues and have been underused. With development and manufacturing of S. flavescens in recent years, more herb residues are being produced...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912462/the-cost-of-preventing-undernutrition-cost-cost-efficiency-and-cost-effectiveness-of-three-cash-based-interventions-on-nutrition-outcomes-in-dadu-pakistan
#7
Lani Trenouth, Timothy Colbourn, Bridget Fenn, Silke Pietzsch, Mark Myatt, Chloe Puett
Cash-based interventions (CBIs) increasingly are being used to deliver humanitarian assistance and there is growing interest in the cost-effectiveness of cash transfers for preventing undernutrition in emergency contexts. The objectives of this study were to assess the costs, cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness in achieving nutrition outcomes of three CBIs in southern Pakistan: a 'double cash' (DC) transfer, a 'standard cash' (SC) transfer and a 'fresh food voucher' (FFV) transfer. Cash and FFVs were provided to poor households with children aged 6-48 months for 6 months in 2015...
July 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911504/unconventional-consumption-methods-and-enjoying-things-consumed-recapturing-the-first-time-experience
#8
Ed O'Brien, Robert W Smith
People commonly lament the inability to re-experience familiar things as they were first experienced. Four experiments suggest that consuming familiar things in new ways can disrupt adaptation and revitalize enjoyment. Participants better enjoyed the same familiar food (Experiment 1), drink (Experiment 2), and video (Experiments 3a-3b) simply when re-experiencing the entity via unusual means (e.g., eating popcorn using chopsticks vs. hands). This occurs because unconventional methods invite an immersive "first-time" perspective on the consumption object: boosts in enjoyment were mediated by revitalized immersion into the consumption experience and were moderated by time such that they were strongest when using unconventional methods for the first time (Experiments 1-2); likewise, unconventional methods that actively disrupted immersion did not elicit the boost, despite being novel (Experiments 3a-3b)...
June 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908685/bedside-menu-ordering-system-increases-energy-and-protein-intake-while-decreasing-plate-waste-and-food-costs-in-hospital-patients
#9
Sally McCray, Kirsty Maunder, Rebecca Norris, Jessica Moir, Kristen MacKenzie-Shalders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905073/biodegradable-transparent-substrate-based-on-edible-starch-chitosan-embedded-with-nature-inspired-three-dimensionally-interconnected-conductive-nanocomposites-for-wearable-green-electronics
#10
Jinlei Miao, Haihui Liu, Yongbing Li, Xingxiang Zhang
Electronic waste (E-waste) contain large environmental contaminants such as toxic heavy metals and hazardous chemicals. These contaminants would migrate into drinking water or food chains and pose a serious threat to environment and human health. Biodegradable green electronics has great potential to address the issue of E-waste. Here we report on a novel biodegradable and flexible transparent electrode, integrate three-dimensionally (3D) interconnected conductive nanocomposites into edible starch-chitosan based substrates...
June 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904275/screening-of-multimeric-%C3%AE-xylosidases-from-the-gut-microbiome-of-a-higher-termite-globitermes-brachycerastes
#11
Chunyan Liu, Gen Zou, Xing Yan, Xuguo Zhou
Termite gut microbiome is a rich reservoir for glycoside hydrolases, a suite of enzymes critical for the degradation of lignocellulosic biomass. To search for hemicellulases, we screened 12,000 clones from a fosmid gut library of a higher termite, Globitermes brachycerastes. As a common Southeastern Asian genus, Globitermes distributes predominantly in tropical rain forests and relies on the lignocellulases from themselves and bacterial symbionts to digest wood. In total, 22 positive clones with β-xylosidase activity were isolated, in which 11 representing different restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns were pooled and subjected to 454 pyrosequencing...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899303/optimizing-extraction-conditions-of-free-and-bound-phenolic-compounds-from-rice-by-products-and-their-antioxidant-effects
#12
Maria Irakli, Fotis Kleisiaris, Kalliopi Kadoglidou, Dimitrios Katsantonis
Rice by-products are extensively abundant agricultural wastes from the rice industry. This study was designed to optimize experimental conditions for maximum recovery of free and bound phenolic compounds from rice by-products. Optimized conditions were determined using response surface methodology based on total phenolic content (TPC), ABTS radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing power (FRAP). A Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the effects of ethanol concentration, extraction time and temperature, and NaOH concentration, hydrolysis time and temperature for free and bound fractions, respectively...
June 13, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897964/the-quantity-of-food-waste-in-the-garbage-stream-of-southern-ontario-canada-households
#13
Paul van der Werf, Jamie A Seabrook, Jason A Gilliland
There is little consensus on the amount of worldwide food waste generation because many current estimates are indirect and link back to the same limited primary datasets, with much of the data originating from fieldwork undertaken in the 1970s and 1980s. Direct measurement of waste streams, through waste composition studies, can be used to develop accurate estimates of food waste disposal. In Ontario, Canada, municipalities that undertake household waste composition studies all use a common direct measurement methodology that includes a broad range of waste categories, including food waste...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896984/lung-cancer-cachexia-can-molecular-understanding-guide-clinical-management
#14
Jonas Sørensen
Cachexia has been recognized for a long time as an adverse effect of cancer. It is associated with reduced physical function, reduced tolerance to anticancer therapy, and reduced survival. This wasting syndrome is mainly known for an ongoing loss of skeletal muscle leading to progressive functional impairment and is driven by a variable combination of reduced food intake and abnormal metabolism. Cytokines derived from host immune system or the tumor itself is believed to play a role in promoting cancer cachexia...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893714/sudoqu-a-new-dose-assessment-methodology-for-radiological-surface-contamination
#15
Teun van Dillen, Arjan van Dijk
A new methodology has been developed for the assessment of the annual effective dose resulting from removable and fixed radiological surface contamination. It is entitled SUDOQU (SUrface DOse QUantification) and it can for instance be used to derive criteria for surface contamination related to the import of non-food consumer goods, containers and conveyances, e.g., limiting values and operational screening levels. SUDOQU imposes mass (activity)-balance equations based on radioactive decay, removal and deposition processes in indoor and outdoor environments...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892131/antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-capacities-of-collagen-peptides-from-milkfish-chanos-chanos-scales
#16
Yu-Pei Chen, Chia-Hua Liang, Hong-Tan Wu, Hai-Yue Pang, Chuan Chen, Guey-Horng Wang, Leong-Perng Chan
Milkfish ( Chanos chanos ), which is resistant to water quality changes is the fourth largest aquaculture commodity. Abandoned wastes of fish scale and bones aggravate environmental pollution. In this study, the effect of collagen peptides isolated from milkfish scales (MSCP) by pepsin-soluble collagen method on cell viability was investigated. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and DNA-protective activities of MSCP were also evaluated. Results revealed that more than 95% of viable cells were retained in human keratinocytes after addition of 100 mg/mL MSCP...
June 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891762/separation-of-active-compounds-from-food-by-product-cocoa-shell-using-subcritical-water-extraction
#17
Stela Jokić, Tanja Gagić, Željko Knez, Drago Šubarić, Mojca Škerget
Large amounts of residues are produced in the food industries. The waste shells from cocoa processing are usually burnt for fuel or used as a mulch in gardens to add nutrients to soil and to suppress weeds. The objectives of this work were: (a) to separate valuable compounds from cocoa shell by applying sustainable green separation process—subcritical water extraction (SWE); (b) identification and quantification of active compounds, sugars and sugar degradation products in obtained extracts using HPLC; (c) characterization of the antioxidant activity of extracts; (d) optimization of separation process using response surface methodology (RSM)...
June 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890971/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-polyphenols-on-meat-quality-in-saanen-goat-kids
#18
Roberta Cimmino, Carmela M A Barone, Salvatore Claps, Ettore Varricchio, Domenico Rufrano, Mariangela Caroprese, Marzia Albenzio, Pasquale De Palo, Giuseppe Campanile, Gianluca Neglia
BACKGROUND: Diet supplementation with polyphenols is a novel strategy to improve meat quality in livestock, by preventing oxidative deterioration of lipids and protein. Polyphenols have beneficial effects on both human and animal health and can be obtained from several sources, such as olive mill wastewaters (OMWW). These are severe environmental pollutants and therefore may be recycled and utilized in other sectors. The aim of this study was to evaluate growth performance, meat characteristics, fatty acid composition, antioxidant status, different forms of myoglobin and malondialdehyde formation in kids who received a diet supplemented with polyphenols obtained from OMWW...
June 11, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886571/natural-food-colourants-derived-from-onion-wastes-application-in-a-yoghurt-product
#19
Ioannis Mourtzinos, Prodromos Prodromidis, Spyros Grigorakis, Dimitris P Makris, Costas G Biliaderis, Thomas Moschakis
The valorization of onion (Allium cepa) solid wastes, a 450,000 tonnes/year waste in Europe, by a green extraction method is presented. Polyphenols of onion solid wastes were extracted using eco-friendly solvents, such as water and glycerol. The 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin was also used as a co-solvent for the augmentation of the extraction yield. The process has been optimized by implementing a central composite face centered design of experiments, with two replicates in the central point, taking into consideration the following independent variables: glycerol concentration, cyclodextrin concentration and temperature...
June 10, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885339/modification-of-the-cell-wall-structure-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strains-during-cultivation-on-waste-potato-juice-water-and-glycerol-towards-biosynthesis-of-functional-polysaccharides
#20
Anna Bzducha-Wróbel, Stanisław Błażejak, Marek Kieliszek, Katarzyna Pobiega, Katarzyna Falana, Monika Janowicz
Changes in cell wall structure of four strains of Sacccharomyces cerevisiae species (brewer's, baker's and probiotic yeast) after culturing on deproteinated potato juice water (DPJW) with diverse addition of glycerol and different pH were investigated. It allowed to select conditions intensifying biosynthesis of β(1,3)/(1,6)-glucan and mannoproteins of cell walls of tested strains. Yeast cell wall structural polysaccharides show biological activity and technological usability in food industry but also decide about therapeutic properties of yeast biomass...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
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