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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775926/chlorophyll-a-%C3%AF-uorescence-and-transcriptome-reveal-the-toxicological-effects-of-bisphenol-a-on-an-invasive-cyanobacterium-cylindrospermopsis-raciborskii
#1
Rong Xiang, Junqiong Shi, Hongbo Zhang, Congcong Dong, Li Liu, JunKe Fu, Xinyu He, Yanjun Yan, Zhongxing Wu
Bisphenol A has attracted worldwide attention due to its harmful effects on humans, animals and plants. In this study, the toxicological effects of BPA on Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii were assessed based on chlorophyll a fluorescence and transcriptome analyses. The results showed that the growth of C. raciborskii was significantly inhibited when BPA exceeded 0.1 mg L-1 . A marked rise of phase J was observed at a concentration greater than 0.1 mg L-1 , while a K phase appeared at 20 mg L-1 . The chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters of RC/CS0 , F0 , φP0 , φE0 , and ψ0 , underwent a significant decline under all treatments of BPA, whereas a significant increase in both VJ and M0 occurred under all concentrations of BPA...
May 9, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775706/purification-and-characterization-of-an-organic-solvent-tolerant-and-detergent-stable-lipase-from-haloferax-mediterranei-cncmm-50101
#2
Siham Akmoussi-Toumi, Souad Khemili-Talbi, Imen Ferioune, Salima Kebbouche-Gana
The present study investigates the purification and biochemical characterization of an extracellular lipase (HML) from Haloarchaea Haloferax mediterranei strain ATS1, isolated from the Sebkha (Medea, Algeria). The pure protein was obtained with ammonium sulfate precipitation (40-70%)-dialysis and UNO Q-6 FPLC, and characterized biochemically. Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS) analysis revealed that the purified enzyme was a monomer, with a molecular mass of 45,011...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775652/advances-and-prospects-of-bacillus-subtilis-cellular-factories-from-rational-design-to-industrial-applications
#3
REVIEW
Yang Gu, Xianhao Xu, Yaokang Wu, Tengfei Niu, Yanfeng Liu, Jianghua Li, Guocheng Du, Long Liu
Bacillus subtilis is the most characterized gram-positive bacterium that has significant attributes, such as growing well on cheap carbon sources, possessing clear inherited backgrounds, having mature genetic manipulation methods, and exhibiting robustness in large-scale fermentations. Till date, B. subtilis has been identified as attractive hosts for the production of recombinant proteins and chemicals. By applying various systems and synthetic biology tools, the productivity features of B. subtilis can be thoroughly analyzed and further optimized via metabolic engineering...
May 15, 2018: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775611/reduced-adiposity-by-compensatory-wat-browning-upon-ibat-removal-in-mice
#4
Zhengyu Piao, Baiqiang Zhai, Xiaoxiao Jiang, Meng Dong, Changguo Yan, Jun Lin, Wanzhu Jin
The strong effects of classic brown adipose tissue (BAT) and recruited beige adipocytes in treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome have been attracting increasing research interest. Cold treatment is an effective, convenient approach to stimulate BAT activity and induce white adipose tissue (WAT) browning. Here, we utilized prolonged cold exposure (from 2 h to 2 weeks in a 4° cold chamber) to elucidate dynamic changes in BAT and in WAT browning during acute and chronic cold exposure in mice. BAT mass decreased quickly, with reduced lipid droplet sizes within 8 h of cold exposure owing to the utilization of BAT pre-storage triglycerides, and subsequently increased during prolonged cold exposure...
May 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775452/the-effects-of-a-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-on-the-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#5
Yukun Yin, Ping Chen, Qiang Yu, Yan Peng, ZeHao Zhu, Jing Tian
BACKGROUND A low frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) has been confirmed to play an important role in promoting the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs). Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) possess some attractive characteristics for clinical application compared to BMSCs, such as abundant stem cells from lipoaspirates, faster growth, less discomfort and morbidity during surgery. ASCs can become adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, myocytes, neurocytes, and other cell types...
May 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775311/large-pamam-dendron-induces-formation-of-unusual-p4332-mesophase-in-monoolein-water-system
#6
Manoj Kumar, Naganath G Patil, Ashootosh V Ambade, Guruswamy Kumaraswamy
Compact macromolecular dendrons have been shown to induce the formation of discontinuous inverse micellar assemblies with Fd3m symmetry in monoolein/water systems. Here, we demonstrate that a large PAMAM dendron (G5: fifth generation) induces the formation a very unusual mesophase with P4332 symmetry. This mesophase had previously been observed in monoolein/water systems only on addition of cytochrome C. The P4332 mesophase can be considered an intermediate phase between the bicontinuous Ia3d and discontinuous micellar mesophases...
May 18, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775296/incorporation-of-a-theranostic-two-tone-luminescent-silver-complex-into-biocompatible-agar-hydrogel-composite-for-the-eradication-of-eskape-pathogens-in-a-skin-and-soft-tissue-infection-model
#7
Miguel N Pinto, Jorge Martinez-Gonzalez, Indranil Chakraborty, Pradip K Mascharak
Microbial invasion and colonization of the skin and underlying soft tissues are among the most common types of infections, becoming increasingly prevalent in hospital settings. Systemic antibiotic chemotherapies are now extremely limited due to emergence of drug-resistant Gram-positive and multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial strains. Topical administration of antimicrobials provides an effective route for the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). Therefore, the development of new and effective materials for the delivery of these agents is of paramount importance...
May 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775281/highly-stretchable-waterproof-fiber-asymmetric-supercapacitors-in-an-integrated-structure
#8
Kai Guo, Xianfu Wang, Lintong Hu, Tianyou Zhai, Huiqiao Li, Neng Yu
Fiber supercapacitors have attracted tremendous attention as promising power source candidates for next generation of wearable electronics, which are flexible, stretchable, and washable. Although asymmetric fiber supercapacitors with a high energy density have been achieved, their stretchability is no more than 200%, and they still face mechanical instability and unreliable waterproof structure. This work develops a highly integrated structure for waterproof, highly stretchable and asymmetric fiber-shaped supercapacitor, which is assembled by integrating a helix-shaped asymmetric fiber supercapacitor into a bifunctional polymer...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775276/fully-printed-organic-inorganic-nanocomposites-for-flexible-thermoelectric-applications
#9
Canlin Ou, Abhijeet Laxman Sangle, Anuja Datta, Qingshen Jing, Tommaso Busolo, Thomas Chalklen, Vijay Narayan, Sohini Kar-Narayan
Thermoelectric materials, capable of interconverting heat and electricity, are attractive for applications in thermal energy harvesting as a means to power wireless sensors, wearable devices and portable electronics. However, traditional inorganic thermoelectric materials pose significant challenges due to high cost, toxicity, scarcity, as well as brittleness particularly when it comes to applications requiring flexibility. Here, we investigate organic-inorganic nanocomposites that have been developed from bespoke inks which are printed via an aerosol jet printing method onto flexible substrates...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775273/the-role-of-clpp-protease-in-bacterial-pathogenesis-and-human-diseases
#10
Vaibhav Bhandari, Keith S Wong, Jin Lin Zhou, Mark F Mabanglo, Robert A Batey, Walid A Houry
In prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic organelles, the ClpP protease plays an important role in proteostasis. The disruption of ClpP function has been shown to influence the infectivity and virulence of a number of bacterial pathogens. More recently, ClpP has been found to be involved in various forms of carcinomas and in Perrault syndrome, which is an inherited condition characterized by hearing loss in males and females and by ovarian abnormalities in females. Hence, targeting ClpP is a potentially viable, attractive option for the treatment of different ailments...
May 18, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775107/heavy-metals-contamination-and-accumulation-in-submerged-macrophytes-in-an-urban-river-in-china
#11
Guangqiu Lu, Bei Wang, Cuiping Zhang, Shuying Li, Jiliang Wen, Guoli Lu, Chunrong Zhu, Yuanqing Zhou
Deteriorating urban water quality has attracted considerable attention in China. We investigated the contamination levels and distribution of heavy metals (As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in Yuxi River water and sediments, and assessed the heavy metal accumulation capability of five species of submerged macrophytes: Vallisneria natans (Lour.) Hara, Potamogeton pectinatus L., Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle, Myriophyllum spicatum L., and Potamogeton crispus L. Samples were collected from upstream and downstream locations in different season...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775098/phytofiltration-of-anaerobically-digested-sugarcane-ethanol-stillage-using-a-macrophyte-with-high-potential-for-biofuel-production
#12
Gloria Sánchez-Galván, Yanet Bolaños-Santiago
Anaerobically digested stillage (ADS) requires treatment before being discharged into water bodies or soils to avoid adverse effects. Phytofiltration systems are eco-friendly technologies for wastewater treatment, and they simultaneously serve as a source of biomass for biofuel production. The aim of the present study was to investigate the phytofiltration of ADS using Azolla sp. The effects of the ADS strength (dilutions 1: 50 and 1 : 25 v/v) and initial biomass density (IBD) [15.44 (IBD1) and 23.16 (IBD2) g dry weight (dw) m-2 ] on plant growth and pollutant removal were assessed...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775046/solvent-assisted-surface-engineering-for-high-performance-all-inorganic-perovskite-nanocrystals-light-emitting-diodes
#13
Lin Wang, Baiquan Liu, Xin Zhao, Hilmi Volkan Demir, Haoshuang Gu, Handong Sun
All-inorganic cesium halide perovskite nanocrystals have attracted booming interests in optoelectronic applications for the sake of the readily adjustable bandgaps, high photoluminescence quantum yield, pure color emission and affordable cost. However, due to the ineluctable utilization of organic surfactants during the synthesis, the structural and optical properties of CsPbBr3 nanocrystals degrade upon transforming from colloidal solutions to solid thin films, which plagues the device operation. Here, we develop a novel solvent-assisted surface engineering strategy, producing high quality CsPbBr3 thin films for device applications...
May 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775041/a-new-defect-pyrochlore-oxide-sn-1-06-nb-2-o-5-59-f-0-97-synthesis-noble-metal-hybrids-and-photocatalytic-applications
#14
Xiaoyang Pan, Chao Li, Jing Zheng, Shijing Liang, Rong Huang, Zhiguo Yi
Noble metal nanoparticles have attracted considerable attention due to their useful capabilities as heterogeneous catalysts. However, they are usually prepared using various organic stabilizing agents that negatively affect their catalytic activities. Herein, we report a facile, clean, and effective method for synthesizing supported ultrafine noble metal nanoparticles by utilizing the reductive property of a new pyrochlore oxide: Sn1.06 Nb2 O5.59 F0.97 (SnNbOF). Ultrafine Au, Pd, and Pt nanoparticles or clusters are homogeneously distributed on the SnNbOF surface...
May 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774965/pd-catalyzed-consecutive-c-h-arylation-triggered-cyclotrimerization-synthesis-of-star-shaped-benzotristhiazoles-and-benzotrisoxazoles
#15
Zhanqiang Xu, Kazuaki Oniwa, Hiromasa Kikuchi, Ming Bao, Yoshinori Yamamoto, Tienan Jin, Masahiro Terada
Star-shaped π-extended molecules comprising discotic aromatic cores and peripheral π-conjugated arms have attracted significant attention as diverse optoelectronic materials in terms of their large π-surface, tunable self-assembly, enhanced charge transport and fluorescence, and liquid crystallinity. Although many efforts have been made in construction of various aromatic discotic cores, a new class of C3-symmetric star-shaped discotic π-molecules consisting of electron-deficient benzotristhiazole and benzotrisoxazole cores remains unexplored owing to the unachievable synthetic approaches, which are expected to exhibit distinct optoelectronic properties...
May 18, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774902/pet-raft-polymerisation-towards-green-and-precision-polymer-manufacturing
#16
Jamie Phommalysack-Lovan, Yingying Chu, Cyrille Boyer, Jiangtao Xu
The necessity of sustainable development in the chemical industry has continuously drawn attention to find safe, environmentally friendly and atom-economic chemical processes, which is defined in the 12 principles of green chemistry. Merging photoredox catalysis and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerisation, the photoinduced electron/energy transfer (PET)-RAFT process has opened up a new way of performing reversible deactivation radical polymerisation for well-defined polymer synthesis using light as an external stimulus...
May 18, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774896/low-temperature-solution-synthesis-of-silicon-germanium-and-si-ge-axial-heterostructures-in-nanorod-and-nanowire-form
#17
G Flynn, K Stokes, K M Ryan
Herein, we report the formation of silicon, germanium and more complex Si-SixGe1-x and Si-Ge axial 1D heterostructures, at low temperatures in solution. These nanorods/nanowires are grown using phenylated compounds of silicon and germanium as reagents, with precursor decomposition achieved at substantially reduced temperatures (200 °C for single crystal nanostructures and 300 °C for heterostructures), through the addition of a reducing agent. This low energy route for the production of these functional nanostructures as a wet chemical in high yield is attractive to meet the processing needs for next generation photovoltaics, batteries and electronics...
May 18, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774629/in-situ-nanoreactors-controllable-photoluminescent-carbon-rich-polymer-nanodots-derived-from-fatty-acid-under-photoirradiation
#18
Qin Dai, He Zhao, Zhuangjun Fan, Wentao Zhao, Guangwei Wang, Jimei Zhang, Rong Hou, Penghui Du, Hongbin Cao
Amphiphilic nanoreactors have been recently used to fabricate photoluminescent carbon-rich polymer nanodots (PCPNs). However, the applications of PCPNs have been limited by their requirements for high temperature and toxic organic solvents or catalysts and the difficult control of their luminescent properties. Herein, a novel and facile strategy is reported for the synthesis of controllable PCPNs. This strategy involves the use of in situ vesicular nanoreactors under mild photoirradiation with fatty acid as the precursor...
May 17, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774611/nanoporous-metallic-networks-fabrication-optical-properties-and-applications
#19
REVIEW
Racheli Ron, Emir Haleva, Adi Salomon
Nanoporous metallic networks are a group of porous materials made of solid metals with suboptical wavelength sizes of both particles and voids. They are characterized by unique optical properties, as well as high surface area and permeability of guest materials. As such, they attract a great focus as novel materials for photonics, catalysis, sensing, and renewable energy. Their properties together with the ability for scaling-up evoke an increased interest also in the industrial field. Here, fabrication techniques of large-scale metallic networks are discussed, and their interesting optical properties as well as their applications are considered...
May 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774608/virion-like-membrane-breaking-nanoparticles-with-tumor-activated-cell-and-tissue-dual-penetration-conquer-impermeable-cancer
#20
Xiao Zhang, Xianghui Xu, Yachao Li, Cheng Hu, Zhijun Zhang, Zhongwei Gu
Poor drug penetration into tumor cells and tissues is a worldwide difficulty in cancer therapy. A strategy is developed for virion-like membrane-breaking nanoparticles (MBNs) to smoothly accomplish tumor-activated cell-and-tissue dual-penetration for surmounting impermeable drug-resistant cancer. Tailor-made dendritic arginine-rich peptide prodrugs are designed to mimic viral protein transduction domains and globular protein architectures. Attractively, these protein mimics self-assemble into virion-like nanoparticles in aqueous solution, having highly ordered secondary structure...
May 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
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