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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734268/dna-barcoding-allows-identification-of-european-fanniidae-diptera-of-forensic-interest
#1
Andrzej Grzywacz, Dominika Wyborska, Marcin Piwczyński
In forensic entomology practice, species identification is a prerequisite for any further analysis of collected material. Although morphology-based taxonomy may be hindered by a range of factors, these are not obstacles for a molecular identification approach, so-called DNA barcoding. The Fanniidae are a dipteran family that is attracted to and breeds in decomposing animal carrion and dead human bodies. However, morphological identification of fanniids, both at adult and immature stages, is considered to be difficult, particularly for non-experts...
June 29, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734256/3d-porous-polyurethanes-featured-by-different-mechanical-properties-characterization-and-interaction-with-skeletal-muscle-cells
#2
Lorenzo Vannozzi, Leonardo Ricotti, Tommaso Santaniello, Tercio Terencio, Reinier Oropesa-Nunez, Claudio Canale, Francesca Borghi, Arianna Menciassi, Cristina Lenardi, Irini Gerges
The fabrication of biomaterials for interaction with muscle cells has attracted significant interest in the last decades. However, 3D porous scaffolds featured by a relatively low stiffness (almost matching the natural muscle one) and highly stable in response to cyclic loadings are not available at present, in this context. This work describes 3D polyurethane-based porous scaffolds featured by different mechanical properties. Biomaterial stiffness was finely tuned by varying the cross-linking degree of the starting foam...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734245/azaphenothiazines-promising-phenothiazine-derivatives-an-insight-into-nomenclature-synthesis-structure-elucidation-and-biological-properties
#3
REVIEW
Krystian Pluta, Małgorzata Jeleń, Beata Morak-Młodawska, Michał Zimecki, Jolanta Artym, Maja Kocięba, Ewa Zaczyńska
For the last two decades, classical phenothiazines have attracted attention of researchers, as the hitherto investigations have revealed many significant biological activities within this class of compounds, other than originally discovered neuroleptic ones. Important, new pharmaceutical results on phenothiazines, as 10-substituted dibenzothiazines, were recently highlighted in several reviews. Azaphenothiazines are structurally modified phenothiazines by substitution of one or both benzene rings in the phenothiazine ring system with the azine rings, such as: pyridine, pyridazine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, 1,2,4-triazine, quinoline, quinoxaline, benzoxazine and benzothiazine...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732430/bee-pollen-flavonoids-as-a-therapeutic-agent-in-allergic-and-immunological-disorders
#4
Masoomeh Jannesar, Maryam Sharif Shoushtari, Ahmad Majd, Zahra Pourpak
Bee pollen grains, as the male reproductive part of seed-bearing plants contain considerable concentrations of various phytochemicals and nutrients. Since antiquity, people throughout the world used pollens to cure colds, flu, ulcers, premature aging, anemia and colitis. It is now well-documented that some bee pollen secondary metabolites (e.g. flavonoid) may have positive health effects. In recent years, the flavonoids have attracted much interest because of their wide range of biological properties and their beneficial effects on human health...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732169/design-of-modular-peptide-surfactants-and-their-surface-activity
#5
Hao-Fei Wang, David Wibowo, Zhengzhong Shao, Anton Peter J Middelberg, Chun-Xia Zhao
Designed peptide surfactants offer a number of advanced properties over conventional petrochemical surfactants, including biocompatibility, sustainability, and tailorability of the chemical and physical properties through peptide design. Their biocompatibility and degradability make them attractive for various applications, particularly for food and pharmaceutical applications. In this work, two new peptide surfactants derived from an amphiphilic peptide surfactant (AM1) were designed (AM-S and C8-AM) to better understand links between structure, interfacial activity and emulsification...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732167/quantum-transport-and-subband-structure-of-modulation-doped-gaas-alas-core-superlattice-nanowires
#6
Dominik Irber, Jakob Seidl, Damon James Carrad, Jonathan Becker, Nari Jeon, Bernhard Loitsch, Julia Winnerl, Sonja Matich, Markus Döblinger, Yang Tang, Stefanie Morkötter, Gerhard Abstreiter, Jonathan J Finley, M Grayson, Lincoln Lauhon, Gregor Koblmueller
Modulation-doped III-V semiconductor nanowire (NW) heterostructures have recently emerged as promising candidates to host high-mobility electron channels for future high-frequency, low-energy transistor technologies. The one-dimensional geometry of NWs also makes them attractive for studying quantum confinement effects. Here, we report correlated investigations into the discrete electronic sub-band structure of confined electrons in the channel of Si delta-doped GaAs/AlAs core-superlattice NW heterostructures and the associated signatures in low-temperature transport...
July 21, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732164/electrochemical-intercalation-of-mg-2-into-anhydrous-and-hydrated-crystalline-tungsten-oxides
#7
Ruocun Wang, Ching-Chang Chung, Yang Liu, Jacob L Jones, Veronica Augustyn
The reversible intercalation of multivalent cations, especially Mg(2+), into a solid-state electrode is an attractive mechanism for next-generation energy storage devices. These reactions typically exhibit poor kinetics due to a high activation energy for interfacial charge-transfer and slow solid-state diffusion. Interlayer water in V2O5 and MnO2 has been shown to improve Mg(2+) intercalation kinetics in non-aqueous electrolytes. Here, the effect of structural water on Mg(2+) intercalation in non-aqueous electrolytes is examined in crystalline WO3 and the related hydrated and layered WO3·nH2O (n = 1, 2)...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732064/mechanisms-of-aggregation-in-an-ant-tended-treehopper-attraction-to-mutualists-is-balanced-by-conspecific-competition
#8
Manuel A Morales, Andrew G Zink
Understanding the spatial structure of populations and communities has been a dominant focus of ecological research, and spatial structure is increasingly seen as critical for understanding population dynamics. Habitat (or host) preference is a proximate mechanism that can generate aggregation or overdispersion, lending insight into the ultimate consequences of observed spatial distributions. Publilia concava is a univoltine phloem-feeding insect that forms mutualistic associations with ants, which consume honeydew and protect treehoppers from predation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732046/qualitative-differences-in-cellular-immunogenicity-elicited-by-hepatitis-c-virus-t-cell-vaccines-employing-prime-boost-regimens
#9
Wendy G Tan, Iryna Zubkova, Alla Kachko, Frances Wells, Heiko Adler, Gerd Sutter, Marian E Major
T-cell based vaccines have been considered as attractive candidates for prevention of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. In this study we compared the magnitude and phenotypic characteristics of CD8+ T-cells induced by three commonly used viral vectors, Adenovirus-5 (Ad5), Vaccinia virus (VV) and Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA) expressing the HCV NS3/4A protein. C57/BL6 mice were primed with DNA expressing NS3/4A and boosted with each of the viral vectors in individual groups of mice. We then tracked the vaccine-induced CD8+ T-cell responses using pentamer binding and cytokine production analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732034/neglecting-the-call-of-the-wild-captive-frogs-like-the-sound-of-their-own-voice
#10
Luiza Figueiredo Passos, Gerardo Garcia, Robert John Young
Acoustic communication is highly influential in the expression of social behavior by anuran amphibians, transmitting information about the individual's physical condition and motivation. We studied the phonotactic (approach movements) responses of wild and captive male golden mantella frogs to conspecific wild and captive playback calls to determine the impact of captivity on social behaviour mediated by vocalisations. Calls were recorded from one wild and two captive populations. Phonotaxis experiments were then conducted by attracting M...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732028/the-individual-and-contextual-determinants-of-the-use-of-telemedicine-a-descriptive-study-of-the-perceptions-of-senegal-s-physicians-and-telemedicine-projects-managers
#11
Birama Apho Ly, Ronald Labonté, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Mbayang Ndiaye Niang
Telemedicine is considered to be an effective strategy to aid in the recruitment and retention of physicians in underserved areas and, in doing so, improve access to healthcare. Telemedicine's use, however, depends on individual and contextual factors. Using a mixed methods design, we studied these factors in Senegal based on a micro, meso and macro framework. A quantitative questionnaire administered to 165 physicians working in public hospitals and 151 physicians working in district health centres was used to identify individual (micro) factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731996/-pancreatitis-genes-and-islet-cells-auto-transplant-updates-and-new-horizons
#12
Edgardo D Rivera Rivera
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that can progress from an acute presentation to an acute recurring presentation and eventually to chronic pancreatitis, which is characterized by irreversible morphological changes and scarring of the pancreas. The entity known as hereditary pancreatitis has been recognized in the literature for years and certainly the discovery of the PRSS1 gene in 1996 marked the beginning of a new era of genetic discoveries associated with the disease. Since then, multiple genes have been described as the causing agents of pancreatitis or disease modifiers, some of the most important ones being the PRSS1, SPINK1, CFTR, CASR, CTRC, CLDN2, and CPA1...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731773/visualizing-the-efimov-correlation-in-bose-polarons
#13
Mingyuan Sun, Hui Zhai, Xiaoling Cui
The Bose polaron is a quasiparticle of an impurity dressed by surrounding bosons. In few-body physics, it is known that two identical bosons and a third distinguishable particle can form a sequence of Efimov bound states in the vicinity of interspecies scattering resonance. On the other hand, in the Bose polaron system with an impurity atom embedded in many bosons, no signature of Efimov physics has been reported in the existing spectroscopy measurements to date. In this Letter, we propose that a large mass imbalance between a light impurity and heavy bosons can help produce visible signatures of Efimov physics in such a spectroscopy measurement...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731765/critical-role-of-monoclinic-polarization-rotation-in-high-performance-perovskite-piezoelectric-materials
#14
Hui Liu, Jun Chen, Longlong Fan, Yang Ren, Zhao Pan, K V Lalitha, Jürgen Rödel, Xianran Xing
High-performance piezoelectric materials constantly attract interest for both technological applications and fundamental research. The understanding of the origin of the high-performance piezoelectric property remains a challenge mainly due to the lack of direct experimental evidence. We perform in situ high-energy x-ray diffraction combined with 2D geometry scattering technology to reveal the underlying mechanism for the perovskite-type lead-based high-performance piezoelectric materials. The direct structural evidence reveals that the electric-field-driven continuous polarization rotation within the monoclinic plane plays a critical role to achieve the giant piezoelectric response...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731744/quantum-zeno-suppression-of-intramolecular-forces
#15
S Wüster
We show that Born-Oppenheimer surfaces can intrinsically decohere, implying loss of coherence among constituent electronic basis states. We consider the example of interatomic forces due to resonant dipole-dipole interactions within a dimer of highly excited Rydberg atoms, embedded in an ultracold gas. These forces rely on a coherent superposition of two-atom electronic states, which is destroyed by continuous monitoring of the dimer state through a detection scheme utilizing the background gas atoms. We show that this intrinsic decoherence of the molecular energy surface can gradually deteriorate a repulsive dimer state, causing a mixing of attractive and repulsive character...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731709/agronomic-effectiveness-of-granulated-and-powdered-p-exchanged-mg-al-ldh-relative-to-struvite-and-map
#16
Maarten Everaert, Fien Degryse, Mike J McLaughlin, Dirk E De Vos, Erik Smolders
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) used to recover P from wastewater have recently been proposed as new slow-release fertilizers. Here, the use of P-exchanged Mg-Al LDHs as powdered or granulated fertilizer is explored and compared with mono-ammonium phosphate (MAP), a fully water-soluble fertilizer, and with struvite, a recycled phosphate fertilizer with lower solubility. First, these three fertilizers were compared in a 100-day incubation experiment using P diffusion visualization and chemical analysis to assess P release from either granules or powdered fertilizer in three different soils...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731688/the-%C3%AF-configuration-of-the-www-motif-of-a-short-trp-rich-peptide-is-critical-for-targeting-bacterial-membranes-disrupting-preformed-biofilms-and-killing-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#17
D Zarena, Biswajit Mishra, Tamara Lushnikova, Fangyu Wang, Guangshun Wang
Tryptophan-rich peptides, being short and suitable for large-scale chemical synthesis, are attractive candidates for developing a new generation of antimicrobials to combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria (superbugs). Although there are numerous pictures for membrane-bound structure of a single tryptophan (W), how multiple Trp amino acids assemble themselves and interact with bacterial membranes are poorly understood. This communication presents the three-dimensional structure for an eight-residue Trp-rich peptide (WWWLRKIW-NH2 with 50% W) determined by the improved 2D NMR method, which includes the measurements of 13C and 15N chemical shifts at natural abundance...
July 21, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731371/determinants-of-infection-outcome-in-hcv-genotype-4
#18
Rania A Zayed, Dalia Omran, Abeer A Zayed, Lobna O Elmessery
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a worldwide health problem and has been for long an attractive point of research due to diversity among different genotypes regarding unique geographical distribution and diverse treatment outcome. HCV is considered a major cause of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, which leads to liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma requiring liver transplantation. Of the HCV genotypes identified, HCV genotype 4 (HCV-4) is the least studied. HCV-4 is responsible for ∼10% of HCV infections and is common in the Middle East and Africa; recently it is increasingly prevalent in European Countries...
July 21, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731323/analyzing-liposomal-drug-delivery-systems-in-three-dimensional-cell-culture-models-using-maldi-imaging-mass-spectrometry
#19
Jessica K Lukowski, Eric M Weaver, Amanda B Hummon
Cancer chemotherapeutics often fail to reach all diseased cells. To help solve this problem, researchers are investigating novel drug delivery systems. Liposomes are an attractive option due to their low toxicity, high biocompatibility, and potential to carry a large amount of a drug to the tumor site, all while avoiding being eliminated from the body. This study evaluates the penetration of doxorubicin-encased liposomes into three-dimensional cell cultures, or spheroids. Liposomes composed of lipids containing head groups of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and cholesterol were created by extrusion...
July 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731286/impact-of-fluorine-atoms-on-perylene-diimide-derivative-for-fullerene-free-organic-photovoltaics
#20
Liang Zhao, Hua Sun, Xiaoyuan Liu, Changmei Liu, Haiquan Shan, Jiuxu Xia, Zongxiang Xu, Fei Chen, Zhi-Kuan Chen, Wei Huang
The incorporation of fluorine atoms in organic semiconducting materials has attracted much attention recently due to its unique function to manipulate the molecular packing, film morphology and molecular energy levels. In this work, two perylenediimide (PDI) derivatives FPDI-CDTph and FPDI-CDTph2F were designed and synthesized to investigate the impact of fluorination on non-fullerene acceptors. Both FPDI-CDTph and FPDI-CDTph2F exhibited strong and broad absorption profiles, suitable lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) and highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy levels, and good electron transport ability...
June 14, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
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