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M Sánchez Bayle, R Martín Martín, J Cano Fernández, G Martínez Sánchez, J Gómez Martín, G Yep Chullen, M C García García
OBJECTIVE: [corrected] To study the utility of chest physiotherapy by increased exhalation technique with assisted cough in the acute bronchiolite of the hospitalized new-born babys. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Double-blind clinical trial accomplished on 236 patients of age lower than 7 months and hospitalizad with diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis, first episode, in a pediatric department in Madrid.The patients were randomized in two groups: those who have received maneuvers of chest physiotherapy and those who have received maneuvers placebo...
July 2012: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Guillermo M Zúñiga-González, Belinda C Gómez-Meda, María de Lourdes Lemus-Varela, Ana L Zamora-Perez, Juan Armendáriz-Borunda, Angélica Barros-Hernández, Adriana Sánchez-Díaz, Martha P Gallegos-Arreola
Preterm newborns (PNBs) have an immature antioxidant defense system, and this makes them more susceptible to oxidative stress generated by postnatal treatments. The objective was to determine whether micronucleated erythrocytes increase in PNB by postnatal treatments such as oxygentherapy and phototherapy. We counted micronucleated erythrocytes and micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes as DNA damage in 72 blood samples of PNB at 26-36 weeks of gestation, taken between 1 and 84 h after birth. We assume that more time passed between sampling and birth would correspond to greater time of exposure to oxygen (37 cases) and phototherapy plus oxygen (35 cases)...
February 6, 2012: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Alejandro Martínez Fraga, Martín Sívori, Mariana Alonso
There are no data about supplemental oxygen in flight in our country. The objective of our study was to evaluate arranging in-flight-oxygen required by a simulated traveler, system of administration and costs, and to compare the results between Argentine-based (A) and international (I) airlines. The questionnaire used was similar to that of Stoller et al12. Data collection consisted of telephone calls placed by one of the authors to all commercial air carriers listed in our two Buenos Aires City airports during July 2007...
2008: Medicina
L A Katargina, A V Khvatova, L V Kogoleva, E V Denisova
The immediate and remote (up to 7 years) results of preventive cryo- and/or lasercoagulation of avascular retinal zones made in 390 children with active progressing retinopathy of prematures (RP) were analyzed. The efficiency of cryocoagulation in processes localized in zones 2-3 of the eye bottom made 92%, and that of the combined technique (laser- and cryocoagulation) with lesions in zones 1-2 and with plus-diseases was up to 80%. The preventive treatment is indicated for the 3d threshold (ordinary clinical course) and before-threshold (with plus-disease and localization zone 1) stages...
March 2005: Vestnik Oftalmologii
P Jansa, H Sládková, Z Susa, M Aschermann
Pulmonary hypertension is a condition characterized by elevation of the mean blood pressure in pulmonary artery above 25 mm Hg at rest or above 30 mm Hg during exercise. Pulmonary hypertension signs are not specific. They are frequently camouflaged by signs of a primary disease causing pulmonary hypertension. That causes difficulties with diagnosing and often doesn't lead to recognition of pulmonary hypertension till pressure in pulmonary artery is difficult to manage therapeutically. Treatment of secondary pulmonary hypertension tries to affect primary disease...
September 2004: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Jean-François Muir, Antoine Cuvelier
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is becoming the 3rd aetiology of death by disease. In its advanced presentation, it generates a chronic respiratory failure with hypoxia and frequent hypercapnia. Its complex management implies at that stage a medical treatment, physiotherapy and pulmonary rehabilitation, associated with long-term oxygentherapy. In the most severe stages, may be discussed long-term home mechanical ventilation with non invasive connection in order to avoid tracheotomy and to prevent acute respiratory episodes leading these patients in intensive care units and yet responsible for 15 000 deaths per year in our country...
September 15, 2004: La Revue du Praticien
C Girault, A Chajara, F Dachraoui, V Chambaretaud, M-F Hellot, J Benichou, G Bonmarchand et al.
INTRODUCTION: The clinical efficacy of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has now been demonstrated in the management of acute-on-chronic respiratory failure (ACRF) in various etiologies. Endotracheal mechanical ventilation (ETMV) can lead to numerous complications and weaning difficulties increasing the risk of prolonged ETMV, morbidity and mortality as well as excess cost of intensive care. Therefore, it could be useful to consider NIV for delivering effective ventilatory support to reduce the length of ETMV in ACRF patients who are still not capable of maintaining spontaneous breathing...
December 2003: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Dong-sheng Zhou, Fu Wang, Bai-min Wang, Lu-bo Wang, Lian-xin Li, Shi-hong Xu, Wei-dong Mu
OBJECTIVE: To improve the diagnosis and treatment of severe cerebral fat embolism (SCFE). METHODS: The data of nine patients with SCFE were retrospectively analyzed. The manifestations of the central nerve system, respiratory system and hemorrhage were recorded, at the same time, accessory examination including arterial oxygen, fat macroglobules in venous blood and image examination was adapted. The patients were treated with exopexy, pharmocotherapy and oxygentherapy...
December 2003: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
A Cuvelier, J-F Muir
OF DEBATABLE INTEREST: Although the place of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is indisputable in the management of acute respiratory failure during chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), where it significantly reduces the rate of intubation and complications and the number of days spent in intensive care, its interest is debated in the long term management of chronic obstructive respiratory failure (CORF). EFFICACY TO BE DEMONSTRATED: Although several short term studies confirm the efficacy of NIV on some physiological parameters and on the quality of sleep and quality of life in some patients, long term prospective studies are still too few and do not confirm these data on small series of patients and limited time...
August 23, 2003: La Presse Médicale
C Roué, M Fournier, C Sleiman, H Mal, R Pariente
Severe acute asthma remains associated with significant mortality. Medical treatment of acute severe episodes includes oxygentherapy, inhaled or intravenous beta-2-agonists, and high doses of systemic corticosteroids. The benefit of additional treatment with other agents such as nebulized ipratropium bromide, epinephrine and intravenous aminophylline is still not well defined. Mechanical ventilation, which remains necessary in case of life-threatening acute respiratory failure, addresses specific problems: PaCO2 may be allowed to remain elevated and ventilator settings should be chosen that avoid barotrauma under appropriate sedation...
1996: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
A Hjalmarsen, U Aasebø, K Birkeland, G Sager, R Jorde
This study investigated glucose metabolism and glucose-mediated hormone responses in patients with chronic respiratory hypoxaemia. Glucose as well as insulin, glucagon, adrenaline, cortisol and growth hormone (GH) were measured before and at 30, 60 and 120 min during an oral glucose-tolerance test. The following chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients were studied: 10 normoxaemic (mean paO2 10.9 +/- 0.4 kPa), 10 hypoxaemic (mean paO2 7.6 +/- 0.2 kPa before, and 10.6 +/- 0.4 after 24-h oxygentherapy, and 6 hypoxaemic patients on long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) (mean paO2 10...
February 1996: Diabetes & Metabolism
J F Muir, A Cuvelier
Home management of patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease implies to consider in parallel with optimal medical treatment and chest physiotherapy, the status of chronic respiratory failure needing initiation of long-term oxygentherapy. Chronic hypoxemia (PaO2 < or = 55 mmHg) is present with chronic respiratory failure, which may be stabilized under long-term oxygentherapy if oxygen is given at least 15 h/24 h, with long-term improvement of life expectancy and quality of life. With the help of home respiratory care networks which are developed on a large extent in France, it is possible to prescribe in good technical conditions long-term oxygentherapy at home, which is a life-long treatment...
May 15, 1995: La Revue du Praticien
L Demaertelaere, M Van Opstal
This study is the result of a clinical experience we carried out in the Centre of Hyperbaric Oxygentherapy of the Belgian Navy in cooperation with the Military Hospital in Ostend. During a period of three years we treated 50 victims of acoustic traumata occurring in military service (due to shooting, explosions, ...) with a total of 76 disturbed audiograms. In the first part we explain the physiological principle of this lesion, analysing the traumatizing sound and the individual sensibility. The symptomatology and the audiometrical findings are discussed afterwards...
1981: Acta Oto-rhino-laryngologica Belgica
E Boccaletti, S Gimigliano, T Fiaschetti, A C Diamanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1968: Acta Anaesthesiologica
A L Gushcha, A V Nekrasov, V T Kumakhov, D N Smirnova, P N Chistikhin
The article describes the experience with the treatment of 886 patients with lactation mastitis. For limited purulent foci preference is given to the dissection or wide opening of the abscess with wound dialysis and putting primary sutures. In patients with mastitis and symptoms of anaerobic damage wide openings (beyond the limits of the tissue involved) with necrectomy and following aeration of the wound are recommended; after complete cleansing the wound secondary sutures are possible or plastic closure of the wound...
January 1989: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
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