Read by QxMD icon Read

Limb length discrepancy

Guang-Hui Zhu, Hai-Bo Mei, Rong-Guo He, Yao-Xi Liu, Kun Liu, Jin Tang, Jiang-Yan Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the initial union rate, refracture rate and residual deformities of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT), using combined surgery including pseudarthrosis resection, intramedullary rodding, autogenous iliac bone grafting and Ilizarov's fixator, with a mean 5.2 years follow-up. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records and diagrams of patients with Crawford type IV congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia between February 2007 and March 2010...
October 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Hamlet A Peterson, William J Shaughnessy, Anthony A Stans
Premature partial physeal arrest without the formation of an osseous bar - physeal bar equivalent (PBE) - is uncommon. Four children with a PBE had an infection near the distal femoral physis before the age of 11 months. Some growth was achieved after resection of the PBE in each case. Of two cases diagnosed and treated early, one required only contralateral physeal arrests to achieve limb-length equality at maturity. The other, currently 8 years and 4 months old, has a 1.1-cm limb-length discrepancy 6 years after PBE resection and will require observation until maturity...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Shinsuke Someya, Motoki Sonohata, Shuya Ide, Satomi Nagamine, Tomonori Tajima, Masaaki Mawatari
BACKGROUND: Severe hip osteoarthritis is known to lead to secondary osteoarthritis of the knee joint. It is not clear whether contracture or a leg length discrepancy is more important in determining the knee alignment. METHODS: In this study, 48 hips in 48 patients with a unilateral completely dislocated hip (Crowe IV) were recruited. The patients were divided into two groups (Crowe IVa and IVb). The Crowe IVa group had completely dislocation with psudo-articulation, and the Crowe IVb group had completely dislocation without psudo-articulation...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Julio J Jauregui, Anthony V Ventimiglia, Preston W Grieco, David B Frumberg, John E Herzenberg
BACKGROUND: Limb lengthening with external fixation is performed to treat patients with leg length discrepancy or short stature. Although the procedure has a high rate of success, one potential drawback from limb lengthening is the amount of time spent in the fixation device while regenerate bone consolidates. Although some studies have assessed different treatment modalities, there has not been a study that has systematically evaluated whether low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) or pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) have significant effects on regenerate bone growth...
September 29, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Nathaly Quintero-Prigent, Caroline Radot, Marion Fiat, Malak Fahny, Naima Brennetot
OBJECTIVE: Fibular hemimelia or longitudinal fibular deficiency is the most frequent congenital malformation of lower limbs. It causes sometimes major limbs shortening. Different treatments could be considered depending on the severity of the malformation: contralateral epiphysiodesis, corrective foot and knee osteotomies, leg-lengthening surgery with external fixation, prosthesis. For the most severe cases (15-20cm bone length discrepancies or unstable knee or foot), leg-lengthening surgery with external fixation is not recommended...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Babar Kayani, Mathew David Sewell, Johnson Platinum, Andre Olivier, Timothy W R Briggs, Deborah M Eastwood
BACKGROUND: Congenital indifference to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare hereditary neuropathy, which is associated with defective sensation to noxious stimuli and autonomic dysfunction. The objective of the study was to report on the orthopaedic manifestations of this condition and provide an evidence-based approach for management. METHODS: Retrospective review of 14 consecutive patients with CIPA referred to a single tertiary centre. Mean age of diagnosis was 2...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
E Pröbsting, S Blumentritt, A Kannenberg
Background: It is often assumed that leg amputations result in a greater risk of degenerative changes to the locomotor system. This paper analysed the extent to which this assumption is supported by the scientific literature. In particular, the study analysed the level of risk of various degenerative diseases in amputees. Method: A systematic literature search was conducted in scientific databases on degenerative changes caused by amputations. All pertinent articles were qualitatively analysed; the available quantitative results were summarised and compared to data for the able bodied population...
September 15, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
M G Faruque, M U Mollah, T H Siddiquee, S Bari
Ilizarov method is the best weapon for the treatment of the limb length discrepancy, especially in traumatic or congenital shortening of long bones. Post burn bony defect can be corrected by osteosynthesis. Here we treated a 7 years old boy, suffering from 33% electric burn affecting face, trunk, left upper limb & both lower limbs with loss of soft tissue of medial side of right leg along with dead and exposed of some segment (about 14cm) of Left tibia . Initially the patient was managed by plastic surgeons in the form of surgical toileting, wound debridement and wound coverage by split thickness skin graft...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Timothy J Lin, Ilya Bendich, Alex S Ha, Benjamin J Keeney, Wayne E Moschetti, Ivan M Tomek
BACKGROUND: Radiographic outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been linked to clinical outcomes. The direct anterior approach (DAA) for THA has been criticized by some for providing limited exposure and compromised implant position but allows for routine use of intraoperative fluoroscopy. We sought to determine whether radiographic measurements differed by THA approach using prospective cohorts. METHODS: Two reviewers blinded to surgical approach examined 194 radiographs, obtained 4-6 weeks after primary THA, and obtained measurements for acetabular inclination angle, acetabular anteversion, radiographic limb length discrepancy (LLD), and femoral offset...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Flaviana Soares Rocha, Pedro Henrique Justino Oliveira Limirio, Darceny Zanetta-Barbosa, Jonas Dantas Batista, Paula Dechichi
The deleterious effects of ionizing radiation on the growth plate continue to be cause for concern. This study evaluated the ionizing radiation effects on bone development and growth plate in the tibia of rats. All animals were submitted to ionizing radiation on the left leg. The animals were divided into two groups and euthanized 30 and 60 days after radiation. The tibiae were removed and separated into groups: control 30 days, irradiated 30 days, control 60 days and irradiated 60 days. Animals in each group (n = 7) were used for macroscopic and histological analysis...
September 2, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
Pieter Reynders-Frederix, Cristina Reynders-Frederix, Muhammad Wajid
BACKGROUND: Young patients with a acquired dislocation of the hip with concomitant shortening of the lower limb is a difficult diagnostic problem with few definite treatment options. METHODS: We used the technique, originally described by Ilizarov, with a double femur osteotomy and lengthening the femur. Lengthening was done with a sub muscular placed on-lay femur distraction rod. Distraction of the rod was done by fluid mechanics. After lengthening, the distraction was secured by a parked plate by locking the distal part of the plate...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Lior Shabtai, John E Herzenberg
Growth modulation using tension band plates (TBP) has been shown to be a safe, effective, and popular method for correcting pediatric frontal plane angular deformity around the knee. Recently, TBPs have been used to achieve reversible epiphysiodesis to treat limb-length discrepancy. Many surgeons have expanded the indications to include diagnoses other than frontal plane angular deformities, anatomic sites other than the knee, and correction of sagittal and oblique plane deformities. Despite the rapid acceptance of TBPs, the limits of this option have not been explored...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Marina R Makarov, Samuel H Dunn, Dustin E Singer, Karl E Rathjen, Brandon A Ramo, Chukwudi K Chukwunyerenwa, John G Birch
BACKGROUND: Epiphysiodesis is well-established surgical treatment for the management of leg length discrepancy (LLD) in children; however, a variety of complications may occur. This study evaluates the nature, rate, and potential risk factors of complications associated with epiphysiodesis in a large patient population treated in 1 institution. METHODS: We evaluated the medical and radiographic records of 863 children who had lower extremity epiphysiodesis to manage LLD between 1980 and 2011...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Stefan Schmid, Jacqueline Romkes, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti, Reinald Brunner
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Foot equinus and leg length discrepancy (LLD) are common problems in hemiplegic cerebral palsy (hCP), both causing secondary deviations of pelvic motion during gait. It can therefore be assumed that the spinal deviations observed in hCP patients are secondary as a compensation for the position of the pelvis arising from the disturbed leg function. This study investigated the effects of correcting lower extremity function by orthotics on spinal gait kinematics in hCP patients...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
T M Tiefenboeck, L Zak, A Bukaty, G E Wozasek
BACKGROUND: The treatment of leg length discrepancy and deformities has become more common over the last few decades due to newly developed implants. Lengthening using fully implantable intramedullary nails provides many advantages; however, only little data is available. Therefore, we aimed to determine: (1) safety of the implant, (2) the complication rate and (3) functional outcome after magnetic driven intramedullary bone lengthening with a telescopic implant. HYPOTHESES: Automatic bone lengthening with intramedullary nails provide good short-term outcome...
August 12, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Renan A Resende, Renata N Kirkwood, Kevin J Deluzio, Amy M Morton, Sérgio T Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Leg length discrepancy greater than 1cm increases odds of progressive knee osteoarthritis in the shorter limb. METHODS: Biomechanical data of 15 knee osteoarthritis participants were collected while they walked under two conditions: (1) control - wearing thick sandals; (2) short limb - wearing a thin sandal on the osteoarthritic limb and a thick sandal on the contralateral limb. The thick and thin sandals had 1.45cm of thickness difference. The knee osteoarthritis limb was analyzed for both conditions...
October 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Yuan Li, Feng Liao, Hai-Rong Xu, Xiao-Hui Niu
BACKGROUND: For a child with osteosarcoma, prediction of the limb length discrepancy at maturity is important when planning for limb salvage surgery. The purpose of this study was to provide a reliable prediction method. METHODS: A retrospective review of Chinese children receiving chemotherapy for osteosarcoma before skeletal maturity was conducted. Standing full-length radiographs of the lower extremity were used for length measurements. Length-for-age curves were constructed using the LMS method...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Ali Al Kaissi, Vladimir Kenis, Farid Ben Chehida, Jochen Hofstaetter, Franz Grill, Rudolf Ganger
BACKGROUND: The skeletal changes in McCune-Albright disease are usually severe because of the polyostotic form of the disease. Trendelenberg gait and limited mobility are the most common presenting features. The constellation of Café-au lait spots and polyostotic bone involvement is commonly referred to as McCune-Albright's syndrome (MAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One boy and 4 girls (7-16 years) were sought in our departments from 1998 to 2012. Limb length discrepancy was the main clinical presentation...
July 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Joong Il Kim, Bo Hyun Kim, Ki Woung Lee, Osung Lee, Hyuk Soo Han, Sahnghoon Lee, Myung Chul Lee
BACKGROUND: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) produces valgus limb alignment, and this change can affect lower limb length. PURPOSE: To compare the change in lower limb length and the discrepancy compared with the contralateral limb after unilateral lateral closing wedge HTO (CWHTO) and medial opening wedge HTO (OWHTO). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1. METHODS: In this study, 30 knees undergoing unilateral CWHTO and 30 knees undergoing unilateral OWHTO for medial compartmental osteoarthritis were analyzed with 1-year follow-up...
August 8, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
John S Groundland, Steven B Ambler, Lt Daniel J Houskamp, John J Orriola, Odion T Binitie, G Douglas Letson
BACKGROUND: Limb-salvage surgery and segmental reconstruction for the treatment of lower extremity osseous tumors in the pediatric population have been described in the literature, but there is little consensus regarding the optimal surgical treatment for this patient population. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify studies focusing on limb-salvage procedures in pediatric patients who were managed with one of three reconstructions with use of a metallic endoprosthesis, allograft, or allograft-prosthesis composite...
February 9, 2016: JBJS Rev
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"