Read by QxMD icon Read


Mohamed Macki, Sbaa Syeda, Kenan Rajjoub, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Ali Bydon, Jean-Paul Wolinsky, Timothy Witham, Daniel M Sciubba, Mohamad Bydon, Ziya Gokaslan
INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of this study is to examine the effects smoking status on rhBMP-2 supplementation in spinal fusion constructs. METHODS: Patient records were retrospectively reviewed for a consecutive set of patients who underwent first-time posterolateral, instrumented fusion of the lumbar spine for degenerative spinal disease. All operations included arthrodesis supplementation with rhBMP-2. All patients were followed for at least two years...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Abolfazl Rahimizadeh, Housain Soufiani, Valliolah Hassani, Ava Rahimizadeh
In this study the authors report the first example of spinal pseudarthrosis in a patient with ochronosis, and they describe the application of posterior-only 360° surgery as an alternative approach to combined anterior-posterior surgery in the management of pseudarthrosis of an ankylosed spine, regardless of its etiology. Spinal involvement in ochronosis produces loss of flexibility and ankylosis of thoracic and lumbar segments. Pseudarthrosis is a serious complication of the diseases that present with ankylosis of the spine...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Eleftherios Archavlis, Lucas Serrano, Eike Schwandt, Amr Nimer, Moisés Felipe Molina-Fuentes, Tamim Rahim, Maximilian Ackermann, Angelika Gutenberg, Sven Rainer Kantelhardt, Alf Giese
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to demonstrate the clinical and technical nuances of a minimally invasive, dorsolateral, tubular approach for partial odontoidectomy, autologous bone augmentation, and temporary C1-2 fixation to treat dens pseudarthrosis. METHODS A cadaveric feasibility study, a 3D virtual reality reconstruction study, and the subsequent application of this approach in 2 clinical cases are reported. Eight procedures were completed in 4 human cadavers. A minimally invasive, dorsolateral, tubular approach for odontoidectomy was performed with the aid of a tubular retraction system, using a posterolateral incision and an oblique approach angle...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Jen-Chung Liao, Ping-Yeh Chiu, Wen-Jer Chen, Lih-Hui Chen, Chi-Chien Niu
BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, the life expectancy of an 80-year-old man is 88.4 years and the life expectancy of an 80-year-old woman is 89.8 years. Some of these people will develop symptomatic degenerative lumbar diseases that interfere with an active lifestyle. These older surgical candidates usually ask the surgeon whether it would be safe to undergo surgery. However, there is no literature assessing the outcomes of laminectomy, fusion and posterior fixation for degenerative lumbar diseases in patients older than 80 years...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Christian Liebsch, Nicolas Graf, Hans-Joachim Wilke
PURPOSE: The influence of the anterior rib cage on the stability of the human thoracic spine is not completely known. One of the most common surgical interventions on the anterior rib cage is the longitudinal median sternotomy and its fixation by wire cerclage. Therefore, the purpose of this in vitro study was to examine, if wire cerclage can restore the stability of the human thoracic spine after longitudinal median sternotomy. METHODS: Six fresh frozen human thoracic spine specimens (C7-L1, 56 years in average, range 50-65), including the intact rib cage without intercostal muscles, were tested in a spinal loading simulator and monitored with an optical motion tracking system...
September 17, 2016: European Spine Journal
J Everding, M Freistühler, J Stolberg-Stolberg, M J Raschke, P Garcia
BACKGROUND: Between 5 and 10 % of all fractures show disturbed healing or nonunion formation. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been described as a non-surgical treatment option. Even though the outcome has shown promising results, the procedure is not commonly used in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to analyze the union rate of pseudarthrosis and the cost savings after ESWT. METHODS: In this study 42 nonunions were treated with shock waves (LithSpaceOrtho, JenaMedtech)...
September 14, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
T Kahl, F K Razny, J P Benter, K Mutig, K Hegenscheid, S Mutze, A Eisenschenk
The clinical relevance of scaphoid bone fractures is reflected by their high incidence, accounting for approximately 60 % among carpal fractures and for 2-3 % of all fractures. With adequate therapy most scaphoid bone fractures heal completely without complications. Insufficient immobilization or undiagnosed fractures increase the risk of nonunion and the development of pseudarthrosis.X-ray examination enables initial diagnosis of scaphoid fracture in 70-80 % of cases. Positive clinical symptoms by negative x‑ray results require further diagnostics by multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) or MRI to exclude or confirm a fracture...
September 16, 2016: Der Orthopäde
A Asmus, M Lautenbach, B Schacher, S Kim, A Eisenschenk
BACKGROUND: Operative treatment of the scaphoid nonunion includes avascular corticocancellous and cancellous bone grafts and increasingly the use of vascular pedicled and free vascular corticocancellous grafts. Especially the latter require a fair amount of operative expertise and experience in microsurgical techniques. OBJECTIVE: Which criteria lead to the decision for or against an avascular graft used for reconstruction of scaphoid nonunion? Is our current classification system of a scaphoid pseudarthrosis able to illustrate our diagnostic potential in a way that makes us refer to operative procedures? METHODS: Evaluation of current literature and expert opinions RESULTS: Avascular bone grafts show a high union rate as long as a sufficient vascularisation of the remaining fragments is present...
September 16, 2016: Der Orthopäde
Dante Leven, Samuel K Cho
Cervical myelopathy and radiculopathy are common pathologies that often improve with spinal decompression and fusion. Postoperative complications include pseudarthrosis, which can be challenging to diagnose and manage. We reviewed the literature with regard to risk factors, diagnosis, controversies, and management of cervical pseudarthrosis.
August 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Arjun A Dhawale, Steven Falcone, Barth A Green, Nathan H Lebwohl
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the vacuum phenomenon (VP) resolves after posterolateral lumbar fusion, and whether persistence of VP is indicative of failed fusion. We retrospectively reviewed patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis with instability with a positive VP on preoperative computed tomography (CT) who underwent posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion. Lumbar CT and radiographs were evaluated for the presence of VP and fusion at each level. Thirty-six positive VP levels were identified on the preoperative lumbar CT at the levels in the fusion in 18 patients...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Michel Chraim, Peter Bock, Hamza M Alrabai, Hans-Jörg Trnka
AIMS: This study was aimed to study the arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint using an oblique interfragmentary lag screw and dorsal plate as an effective option for the treatment of hallux rigidus. Few researchers have studied the outcome of this surgical method over a long follow-up period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 60 patients status post arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. The mean age was 68.5 years and average follow-up lasted for 47...
August 20, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Van Royen Kjell, Brems Hilde, Legius Eric, Lammens Johan, Laumen Armand
UNLABELLED: A strong relationship between congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) and neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) has been suggested, but prevalence varies widely throughout the literature and the criteria used for diagnosis are very heterogeneous. Literature focus is mainly on treatment and no specific review on the prevalence of NF1 has been published. Based on our own observations, we hypothesized the prevalence of NF1 in patients with CPT to be higher than what is previously accepted...
September 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Akihisa Matsuda, Masao Miyashita, Satoshi Matsumoto, Nobuyuki Sakurazawa, Yoichi Kawano, Takeshi Matsutani, Eiji Uchida
Lumbar hernia after iliac crest bone harvest is relatively rare. When it does occur, it presents as a flank abdominal protrusion through a lateroposterior abdominal wall defect. A laparoscopic approach for this type of hernia is reported to have advantages over the classic open method. Here, we present a case of a 49-year-old Caucasian man who presented with an enlarged left flank mass after iliac bone harvest for pseudarthrosis. He had undergone open onlay mesh repair for inferior lumbar hernia, but the hernia recurred 3 months postoperatively...
August 5, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Ricardo Horta, Ricardo Nascimento, Alvaro Silva, Rui Pinto, Pedro Negrão, Ricardo São-Simão, Jorge Carvalho, Marta Santos Silva, Jose Amarante
Radial club hand may be congenital or acquired; radial deviation of the hand is usually found, associated with palmar flexion-pronation and treatment of severe forms of radial club hand is often difficult. Here we present a case of reconstruction of a severe postraumatic radial club hand with a free fibular osteoseptocutaneous flap and Sauve-Kapandji procedure in a 28-year-old man. The patient had a radial deviation of the wrist and right upper limb shortening as a result of an infected pseudarthrosis of the radius...
October 2016: Microsurgery
Susanne Rein, Uwe Hanisch, Hans-Eberhard Schaller, Hans Zwipp, Stefan Rammelt, Stefan Weindel
AIM: To analyse bone remodeling in regard to the age of scaphoid non-unions (SNU) with immunohistochemistry. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with symptomatic SNU underwent surgery with resection of the pseudarthrosis. The resected material was evaluated histologically after staining with hematoxylin-eosin (HE), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), CD 68, osteocalcin (OC) and osteopontin (OP). Histological examination was performed in a blinded fashion. RESULTS: The number of multinuclear osteoclasts in the TRAP-staining correlated with the age of the SNU and was significantly higher in younger SNU (P = 0...
July 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Alejandro Sanchez-Crespo, Frederik Christiansson, Charlotte Karlsson Thur, Henrik Lundblad, Anders Sundin
PURPOSE: The Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) is used to correct orthopedic conditions such as correction osteotomies in delayed fracture healing and pseudarthrosis. Long-term TSF-treatments are common and may lead to complications. Current conventional radiological methods are often unsatisfactory for therapy monitoring. Hence, an imaging technique capable of quantifying bone healing progression would be advantageous. METHODS: A cohort of 24 patients with different orthopedic conditions, pseudarthrosis (n = 10), deformities subjected to correction osteotomy (n = 9), and fracture (n = 5) underwent dynamic [(18)F]-fluoride (Na(18)F) PET/CT at 8 weeks and 4 months, respectively, after application of a TSF...
July 23, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Kris Siemionow, Mark Hansdorfer, Piotr Janusz, Steven Mardjetko
Introduction Cervical spine pathologies are common in Down syndrome (DS) patients. Cervical pathologies may cause cord compression and neurologic deterioration if left untreated. Complication rates of 73-100% have been reported in DS patients after cervical spine surgery in historical studies. This study reports updated perioperative complications rates and long-term outcome in patients with DS undergoing cervical spine surgery. Methods Retrospective review of patients with DS who have undergone cervical spine surgery from 1998 to 2011 (≥ 24 months of follow-up) was undertaken...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Dengwei He, Weiyang Yu, Zhenzhong Chen, Liangchen Li, Kejun Zhu, Shunwu Fan
In this review, we explored the progress of the pathogenesis of Kümmell's disease intravertebral vacuum. Using different expressions of the same disease including 'Kümmell's disease', 'avascular necrosis after vertebral compression fracture (VCF)', 'post-traumatic vertebral osteonecrosis', 'vertebral pseudarthrosis', 'intravertebral vacuum (cleft or gas)', 'delayed vertebral collapse', 'VCF nonunion', and by conducting a search of the PubMed database, we analyzed the results to examine the pathogenesis of the intravertebral vacuum of Kümmell's disease after referring to pertinent literature on intravertebral vacuum of ischemic necrosis after VCF, and exploring the progress of pathogenesis of this disease...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
N Renz, M Müller, C Perka, A Trampuz
The diagnosis of implant-associated infections is challenging as chronic low-grade infections often only manifest as subtle clinical symptoms. Clinical evaluation, patient history, imaging, histopathological and microbiological examinations build the cornerstones of the diagnostics for implant-associated infections. New onset of pain at rest, local symptoms at the surgical site and early loosening of the prosthesis or pseudarthrosis should raise suspicion for an infection and prompt further evaluation. Percutaneous sinus tracts, purulent wound secretions and skin erosions with exposure of the implant are certain signs of implant-associated infections...
October 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Orion Luiz Haas Junior, Lucas da Silva Meirelles, Neimar Scolari, Otávio Emmel Becker, Marcelo Fernandes Santos Melo, Rogério Belle de Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Segmental maxillary osteotomy enables correction of anterior open bites. However, the outcome can be somewhat unstable, particularly if pseudarthrosis occurs. Bone grafts can be used to prevent this complication. Among the many biomaterials available for grafting, Bio-oss(®) has been used successfully in a range of modalities, with studies to support several indications. This report describes a case of segmental maxillary osteotomy in which Bio-oss(®) granules were used as bone grafts in the surgical gap...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"