keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sexe differences

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933614/antiviral-agents-for-infectious-mononucleosis-glandular-fever
#1
REVIEW
Muireann De Paor, Kirsty O'Brien, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a clinical syndrome, usually caused by the Epstein Barr virus (EPV), characterised by lymphadenopathy, fever and sore throat. Most cases of symptomatic IM occur in older teenagers or young adults. Usually IM is a benign self-limiting illness and requires only symptomatic treatment. However, occasionally the disease course can be complicated or prolonged and lead to decreased productivity in terms of school or work. Antiviral medications have been used to treat IM, but the use of antivirals for IM is controversial...
December 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933539/systems-genetics-analysis-of-iron-and-its-regulation-in-brain-and-periphery
#2
Byron C Jones, Leslie C Jellen
In this contribution, we demonstrate the utility of the systems genetics-systems biology approach to the study of iron regulation while employing a comprehensive database. We describe our work in iron regulation in the brain and periphery under normal iron and iron-restricted dietary conditions in the BXD family of recombinant inbred mouse strains. Using multiple measures, we showed wide variation among the strains in the effect of being fed an iron-restricted diet for 100 days in every measure from brain and from the periphery...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933439/measurement-of-carotid-pulse-wave-velocity-using-ultrafast-ultrasound-imaging-in-hypertensive-patients
#3
Xiaopeng Li, Jue Jiang, Hong Zhang, Hua Wang, Donggang Han, Qi Zhou, Ya Gao, Shanshan Yu, Yanhua Qi
PURPOSE: The study aimed to assess the utility of ultrafast ultrasound imaging for evaluation of carotid pulse wave velocity (PWV) in newly diagnosed hypertension patients. METHODS: This prospective non-randomized study enrolled 90 hypertensive patients in our hospital from September to December 2013 as a hypertension group. An age- and sex-matched cohort of 50 healthy adults in our hospital from September to December 2013 was also included in the study as a control group...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933382/the-impact-of-hereditary-multiple-exostoses-on-quality-of-life-satisfaction-global-health-status-and-pain
#4
Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Vincenza Ragone, Camilla Caldarini, Nicola Serra, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Renato Mario Facchini
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate quality of life (QOL), global health status, pain, and level of satisfaction in patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME), and to correlate the association between the severity of diseases and age, sex, number of surgical procedures, and number of exostoses. METHODS: The data of 50 patients with HME were retrospectively evaluated and recorded. QOL was evaluated with the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) questionnaire, the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q-SF); intensity of pain was measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS)...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#5
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933166/sex-specific-ecophysiological-responses-to-environmental-fluctuations-of-free-ranging-hermann-s-tortoises-implication-for-conservation
#6
Adélaïde Sibeaux, Catherine Louise Michel, Xavier Bonnet, Sébastien Caron, Kévin Fournière, Stephane Gagno, Jean-Marie Ballouard
Physiological parameters provide indicators to evaluate how organisms respond to conservation actions. For example, individuals translocated during reinforcement programmes may not adapt to their novel host environment and may exhibit elevated chronic levels of stress hormones and/or decreasing body condition. Conversely, successful conservation actions should be associated with a lack of detrimental physiological perturbation. However, physiological references fluctuate over time and are influenced by various factors (e...
2016: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933105/prevalence-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-malaysian-communities
#7
Chiao Wen Lim, Sazzli Kasim, Johan Rizwal Ismail, Nicholas Yul Chye Chua, Rizmy Najme Khir, Hafisyatul Aiza Zainal Abidin, Effarezan Abdul Rahman, Mohd Kamal Mohd Arshad, Zubin Ibrahim Othman, Khalid Yusoff
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. The REDISCOVER (Responding to Increasing Cardiovascular disease prevalence) study is an observational longitudinal community-based study that tracks changing lifestyles, risk factors and chronic disease in urban and rural areas of Malaysia. In this study, we aim to study the prevalence of AF and its associated risk factors. METHODS: The study was conducted between 2007 and 2014...
2016: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933018/a-study-of-the-coupling-of-fet-temperament-traits-with-major-depression
#8
Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932995/genome-sizes-of-nine-insect-species-determined-by-flow-cytometry-and-k-mer-analysis
#9
Kang He, Kejian Lin, Guirong Wang, Fei Li
The flow cytometry method was used to estimate the genome sizes of nine agriculturally important insects, including two coleopterans, five Hemipterans, and two hymenopterans. Among which, the coleopteran Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus (Kuschel) had the largest genome of 981 Mb. The average genome size was 504 Mb, suggesting that insects have a moderate-size genome. Compared with the insects in other orders, hymenopterans had small genomes, which were averagely about ~200 Mb. We found that the genome sizes of four insect species were different between male and female, showing the organismal complexity of insects...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932883/functional-cortical-changes-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-at-amplitude-configuration-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#10
Heng Liu, Hua Chen, Bo Wu, Tijiang Zhang, Jinhui Wang, Kexin Huang, Ganjun Song, Jian Zhan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the amplitude of spontaneous brain activity fluctuations in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) using the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) method. METHODS: ALFF and SPM8 were utilized to assess alterations in regional spontaneous brain activities in patients with RRMS in comparison with healthy controls (HCs). The beta values of altered brain regions between patients with RRMS and HCs were extracted, and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was generated to calculate the sensitivities and specificities of these different brain areas for distinguishing patients with RRMS from HCs...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932673/are-there-sex-differences-in-the-capillary-blood-volume-and-diffusing-capacity-response-to-exercise
#11
Melissa M Bouwsema, Vincent Tedjasaputra, Michael K Stickland
Previous work suggests that women may exhibit a greater respiratory limitation to exercise compared to height-matched men. Diffusion capacity (DLCO) increases with incremental exercise, and the smaller lungs of women may limit membrane diffusing capacity (Dm) and pulmonary capillary blood volume (Vc) in response to the increased oxygen demand. We hypothesized that females would have a lower DLCO, DLCO relative to cardiac output (DLCO/Q), Dm, Vc, and pulmonary transit time, secondary to lower Vc at peak exercise...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932589/sex-and-race-ethnicity-differences-in-following-dietary-and-exercise-recommendations-for-u-s-representative-sample-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
This study examined sex by race/ethnicity differences in medical advice received for diet and exercise with corresponding health behaviors of a U.S. representative sample of adults with type 2 diabetes (N = 1,269). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for 2011-2014 for 185 Mexican Americans, 123 Other Hispanics, 392 non-Hispanic Blacks, 140 non-Hispanic Asians, and 429 non-Hispanic Whites were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Reporting being given dietary and exercise advice was positively associated with reporting following the behavior...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932356/is-the-higher-mortality-among-men-with-hip-fracture-explained-by-sex-related-differences-in-quality-of-in-hospital-care-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Pia Kjær Kristensen, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Anil Mor, Theis Muncholm Thillemann, Alma Becic Pedersen
BACKGROUND: mortality after hip fracture is two-fold higher in men compared with women. It is unknown whether sex-related differences in the quality of in-hospital care contribute to the higher mortality among men. OBJECTIVE: to examine sex-related differences in quality of in-hospital care, 30-day mortality, length of hospital stay and readmission among patients with hip fracture. DESIGN: population-based cohort study. MEASURES: using prospectively collected data from the Danish Multidisciplinary Hip Fracture Registry, we identified 25,354 patients ≥65 years (29% were men)...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932195/sex-related-differences-in-attention-and-memory
#14
Rima Solianik, Marius Brazaitis, Albertas Skurvydas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The sex differences and similarities in cognitive abilities is a continuing topic of major interest. Besides, the influences of trends over time and possible effects of sex steroid and assessment time on cognition have expanded the necessity to re-evaluate differences between men and women. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare cognitive performance between men and women in a strongly controlled experiment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 28 men and 25 women were investigated...
November 25, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932118/relationship-between-vitamin-d-blood-levels-and-cancer-development-in-renal-transplant-patients-a-case-control-study
#15
J Ugalde-Altamirano, D Álvarez Villegas, I Revuelta, A Coloma, J-V Torregrosa
BACKGROUND: Malignancy is one of the most common long-term complications in renal transplant patients, often related to immunosuppressive treatment although other factors could be considered. Vitamin D plays an important role in reducing cancer risk. After kidney transplantation (KT), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OH-D, or calcidiol) insufficiency concerns >85%. The main aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between calcidiol blood levels and cancer development in KT recipients...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932116/surgical-complications-in-en-bloc-renal-transplantation
#16
M A Moreno de la Higuera Díaz, N Calvo Romero, I Pérez-Flores, M Calvo Arévalo, B Rodríguez Cubillo, A Shabaka, V López de la Manzanara, Á Gómez Vegas, J Blázquez Izquierdo, A I Sánchez-Fructuoso
En bloc pediatric transplantation (EBPT) began with the aim of increasing the donor pool due to the existing high demand for donors. At its inception, it was considered a type of suboptimal transplantation due to its association with a high incidence of vascular, urologic, and immunologic complications. The main objective of this study was to update information on EBPT with the largest case series that exists on a worldwide scale. In a retrospective study, the results obtained from brain-dead donors (BDDs; n = 770) were compared to those of EBPT (n = 100) from January 1990 to December 2012...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932093/midterm-results-of-renal-transplantation-from-controlled-cardiac-death-donors-are-similar-to-those-from-brain-death-donors
#17
O Lafuente, B Sánchez-Sobrino, M Pérez, P López-Sánchez, D Janeiro, E Rubio, A Huerta, M Marques, M R Llópez-Carratala, J J Rubio, J Portolés
BACKGROUND: The systematic use of grafts from controlled donors after cardiac death (cDCD) started in our country in 2012 and expanded with the strategic support of National Transplant Organization. We present our experience in kidney transplantation with organs from cDCD donors with a mean follow-up of 3 years. METHODS: Observational prospective study of all transplants performed in our center in 2012-2013 followed to 2016. The immunosuppression protocols were triple therapy for low-risk recipients from a standard brain death donor (DBD), adding basiliximab or thymoglobulin induction for extended-criteria donor or high-risk recipient, respectively, and thymoglobulin induction plus triple therapy for all cDCD recipients...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932080/vitamin-c-impacts-anxiety-like-behavior-and-stress-induced-anorexia-relative-to-social-environment-in-smp30-gnl-knockout-mice
#18
Miwako Koizumi, Yoshitaka Kondo, Ayumi Isaka, Akihito Ishigami, Emiko Suzuki
The role of endogenous vitamin C (VC) in emotion and psychiatric measures has long been uncertain. We aimed to investigate how an individual's VC status impacts his or her mental health. Our hypothesis is that body VC levels modulate anxiety, anorexia, and depressive phenotypes under the influence of psychosocial rearing environments and sex. The VC status of senescence marker protein-30/gluconolactonase knockout mice, which lack the ability to synthesize VC, were continuously shifted from adequate (VC+) to depleted (VC-) by providing a water with or without VC...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932028/race-based-differences-in-duration-of-stay-among-universally-insured-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-patients-in-military-versus-civilian-hospitals
#19
Ritam Chowdhury, W Austin Davis, Muhammad A Chaudhary, Wei Jiang, Cheryl K Zogg, Andrew J Schoenfeld, Michael T Jaklitsch, Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Peter A Learn, Adil H Haider, Eric B Schneider
BACKGROUND: Duration of stay for coronary artery bypass graft operation outcomes differs for black versus white patients, with differences often attributed to insurance. We examined black versus white differences in duration of stay among TRICARE-covered patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft. METHODS: Patients aged 18-64 years with TRICARE who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass graft (ICD-9CM 36.10-36.20) between 2006-2010 and who identified as black or white race were identified...
December 5, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932001/shale-gas-development-and-cancer-incidence-in-southwest-pennsylvania
#20
M L Finkel
OBJECTIVE: To what extent does unconventional gas development lead to an increase in cancer incidence in heavily drilled Southwest Pennsylvania? STUDY DESIGN: Ecological study. METHODS: Data for urinary bladder, thyroid and leukaemia were abstracted from the Pennsylvania Cancer Registry (PCR). Cancer incidence among counties with high, moderate and minimal number of producing wells is compared before drilling activity and thereafter. Observed vs expected cases, standardized incidence ratio and 95% confidence intervals are presented...
December 2016: Public Health
keyword
keyword
64010
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"