keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tracheostomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932163/preparedness-of-dammam-primary-health-care-centers-to-deal-with-emergency-cases
#1
Sanaa S M Alsaad, Salma H S Abu-Grain, Dalia Y M El-Kheir
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the availability of human and nonhuman resources for emergency medical services (EMSs) at the primary health care (PHC) level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with mixed research methods (quantitative and qualitative) was carried out in governmental PHC centers in Dammam, Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, between September 2014 and January 2015. Using systematic random sampling technique, 13 out of 26 PHC centers were included in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930929/avoidance-of-tracheostomy-using-mandibular-distraction-in-an-infant-with-severe-condylar-dysplasia-and-airway-obstruction
#2
Anthony J Archual, Jonathan S Black
Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is a common craniofacial anomaly characterized by asymmetric malformation of the mandible, ear, and other structures including the upper airway. The degree of mandibular hypoplasia is classified using a scheme developed by Pruzansky and modified by Kaban. Severe condylar dysplasia is the hallmark of Pruzansky-Kaban types IIB and III. Distraction osteogenesis has emerged as a treatment modality for mandibular hypoplasia in this setting for the treatment of asymmetry and airway obstruction...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930478/mechanical-ventilation-induced-diaphragm-atrophy-strongly-impacts-clinical-outcomes
#3
Ewan C Goligher, Martin Dres, Eddy Fan, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Damon C Scales, Margaret S Herridge, Stefannie Vorona, Michael C Sklar, Nuttapol Rittayamai, Ashley Lanys, Alistair Murray, Deborah Brace, Cristian Urrea, W Darlene Reid, George Tomlinson, Arthur S Slutsky, Brian P Kavanagh, Laurent J Brochard, Niall D Ferguson
Rationale Diaphragm dysfunction worsens outcomes in mechanically ventilated patients but the clinical impact of potentially preventable changes in diaphragm structure and function due to mechanical ventilation is unknown. Objectives To determine whether diaphragm atrophy developing during mechanical ventilation leads to prolonged ventilation. Methods Diaphragm thickness was measured daily by ultrasound in adults requiring invasive mechanical ventilation; inspiratory effort was assessed by thickening fraction...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928262/the-use-of-speaking-valves-in-children-with-tracheostomy-tubes-what-is-the-scope-of-the-literature
#4
Weeda Zabih, Theresa Holler, Faiza Syed, Laurie Russell, Jennifer Allegro, Reshma Amin
One-way speaking valves have been successfully used to restore audible meaningful speech in adult patients after tracheostomy tube placement. One-way speaking valves have also been used in pediatric patients after tracheostomy tube placement with promising results. We conducted a scoping review to synthesize and summarize the current evidence on the use of one-way tracheostomy tube speaking valves in the pediatric population to identify knowledge gaps that could inform future research programs and facilitate evidence-based clinical decision making...
September 19, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927951/definitive-airway-management-after-pre-hospital-supraglottic-airway-insertion-outcomes-and-a-management-algorithm-for-trauma-patients
#5
Matthew C Hernandez, Johnathon M Aho, Martin D Zielinski, Scott P Zietlow, Brian D Kim, David S Morris
BACKGROUND: Prehospital airway management increasingly involves supraglottic airway insertion and a paucity of data evaluates outcomes in trauma populations. We aim to describe definitive airway management in traumatically injured patients who necessitated prehospital supraglottic airway insertion. METHODS: We performed a single institution retrospective review of multisystem injured patients (≥15years) that received prehospital supraglottic airway insertion during 2009 to 2016...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924068/-endovascular-treatment-for-carotid-blowout-syndrome-after-radiation-for-esophageal-cancer-a-case-report
#6
Shigefumi Takahashi, Tomohiro Kawaguchi, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Atsuhiro Nakagawa, Miki Fujimura, Takenori Ogawa, Yukio Katori, Teiji Tominaga
Here, we discuss a case of carotid blowout syndrome successfully treated with endovascular parent artery occlusion. A 71-year-old woman underwent treatment for esophageal cancer resection, followed by 50-Gy radiotherapy, 19 years prior. Due to local recurrence, she underwent 66- and 72-Gy radiation treatments at 2 and 4 years after the initial treatment, respectively. Afterward, tracheostomy and enterostomy were performed. This time, she was transported to our emergency department because of acute eruptive bleeding from the tracheal tube...
September 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923761/surgical-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#7
Tyler R Halle, Melissa S Oh, Nancy A Collop, Arshed A Quyyumi, Donald L Bliwise, Raj C Dedhia
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an increasingly prevalent clinical problem with significant effects on quality of life and cardiovascular risk. Surgical therapy represents an important treatment for those unable to use positive airway pressure. This systematic review examines the available cardiovascular risk reduction data for surgical treatment of OSA. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed. Articles were included if they met the following criteria: (1) adults >18 years (2) OSA diagnosed by sleep study; (3) surgical intervention performed for OSA; (4) one or more physical or biochemical cardiovascular and/or cerebrovascular variables was measured pre-operatively and at ≥14 days postoperatively...
September 15, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922886/intracranial-bypass-of-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-aneurysms-indications-technical-aspects-and-clinical-outcomes
#8
David J Bonda, Mohamad Labib, Jeffrey M Katz, Rafael A Ortiz, David Chalif, Avi Setton, David J Langer, Amir R Dehdashti
BACKGROUND: For some posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms, there is no constructive endovascular or direct surgical clipping option. Intracranial bypass is an alternative to a deconstructive technique. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features, surgical techniques, and outcome of PICA aneurysms treated with bypass and obliteration of the diseased segment. METHODS: Retrospective review of PICA aneurysms treated via intracranial bypass was performed...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918471/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-versus-cardiopulmonary-bypass-during-lung-transplantation-a-meta-analysis
#9
Dimitrios E Magouliotis, Vasiliki S Tasiopoulou, Alexis A Svokos, Konstantina A Svokos, Dimitris Zacharoulis
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the available literature on patients undergoing lung transplantation supported by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in three databases, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Meta-analyses were used to compare the outcomes of ECMO and CPB procedures. RESULTS: Seven observational studies met the inclusion criteria incorporating 785 patients...
September 16, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914829/-circular-tracheal-resection-for-cicatrical-stenosis-and-functioning-tracheostomy
#10
V D Parshin, V A Titov, V V Parshin, A V Parshin, Z Berikkhanov, D M Amangeldiev
AIM: To analyze the results of tracheal resection for cicatricial stenosis depending on the presence of tracheostomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1128 patients with tracheal cicatricial stenosis were treated for the period 1963-2015. The first group consisted of 297 patients for the period 1963-2000, the second group - 831 patients for the period 2001-2015. Most of them 684 (60.6%) were young and able-bodied (age from 21 to 50 years). In the first group 139 (46.8%) out of 297 patients had functioning tracheostomy...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914429/a-systematic-review-of-patient-and-caregiver-experiences-with-a-tracheostomy
#11
REVIEW
Ivana Nakarada-Kordic, Niamh Patterson, Jill Wrapson, Stephen D Reay
BACKGROUND: A tracheostomy is a surgically created opening through the anterior neck tissues and the trachea, into which a tube is inserted. Despite its influence on basic human needs such as respiration, communication and nutrition, little is known about the impact of tracheostomy on patients and their caregivers or what could be done to enable better care and quality of life (QoL) for these individuals. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to better understand the current knowledge related to the experience and QoL of adults living with a tracheostomy and their caregivers so as to be able to improve these experiences...
September 15, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905374/heat-and-moisture-exchangers-versus-heated-humidifiers-for-mechanically-ventilated-adults-and-children
#12
REVIEW
Donna Gillies, David A Todd, Jann P Foster, Bisanth T Batuwitage
BACKGROUND: Invasive ventilation is used to assist or replace breathing when a person is unable to breathe adequately on their own. Because the upper airway is bypassed during mechanical ventilation, the respiratory system is no longer able to warm and moisten inhaled gases, potentially causing additional breathing problems in people who already require assisted breathing. To prevent these problems, gases are artificially warmed and humidified. There are two main forms of humidification, heat and moisture exchangers (HME) or heated humidifiers (HH)...
September 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904980/enterovirus-human-rhinovirus-a-rare-cause-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#13
Parita Soni, Anand Rai, Nidhi Aggarwal, Stephan Kamholz, Taek Yoon, Yizhak Kupfer
A 22-year-old Asian woman presented with respiratory distress, cough, and wheezing for 1 week. Prior history included asthma and Turner syndrome. On presentation to the emergency department, the patient was hypotensive, tachycardic, tachypneic, with an oxyhemoglobin saturation in the mid 80% range while breathing ambient air. Chest radiograph revealed pulmonary vascular congestion and a left lower lobe infiltrate. Endotracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation, and vasopressors were initiated. Empiric therapy for community-acquired pneumonia was administered utilizing broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903938/atrial-fibrillation-in-acute-obstructive-sleep-apnea-autonomic-nervous-mechanism-and-modulation
#14
Lilei Yu, Xuefei Li, Bing Huang, Xiaoya Zhou, Menglong Wang, Liping Zhou, Guannan Meng, Yuhong Wang, Zhenya Wang, Jielin Deng, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) induced by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are not completely understood. This study investigated the roles of the intrinsic and extrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system in OSA-induced AF and provided noninvasive autonomic nervous modulation for the suppression of OSA-induced AF by using low-level transcutaneous electrical stimulation (LL-TS) of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve at the tragus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen dogs received tracheostomy under general anesthesia and were randomly divided into 3 groups: the OSA group (OSA was simulated via clamping of the endotracheal tube at end expiration for 1...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903805/recombinant-human-c1-esterase-inhibitor-for-acute-hereditary-angioedema-attacks-with-upper-airway-involvement
#15
M A M A Riedl, H H Li, M M Cicardi, J R J R Harper, A A Relan
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human C1 esterase inhibitor (rhC1-INH) is approved for treatment of hereditary angioedema (HAE)in adolescents and adults. HAE attacks that involve the upper airway can be life threatening, and data on the administration of rhC1-INH for these types of attacks are currently limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rhC1-INH for treatment of acute HAE attacks with upper airway involvement. METHODS: A pooled analysis of data from three clinical trials with open-label extensions examined rhC1-INH for treatmentof acute HAE attacks with upper airway involvement...
September 13, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902086/operative-stabilization-of-flail-chest-injuries-reduces-mortality-to-that-of-stable-chest-wall-injuries
#16
Niloofar Dehghan, Jeffrey M Mah, Emil H Schemitsch, Aaron Nauth, Milena Vicente, Michael D McKee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, management and outcomes of patients with flail chest injuries, compared to patients without flail chest injuries (single rib fractures and multiple rib fractures without a flail segment). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: Ontario, Canada PARTICIPANTS:: Ontario residents over the age of 16 who had been admitted to hospital with a chest wall injury from 2004 to 2015 were identified using administrative health care databases...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899556/a-multi-institutional-comparison-of-sbrt-and-imrt-for-definitive-reirradiation-of-recurrent-or-second-primary-head-and-neck-cancer
#17
John A Vargo, Matthew C Ward, Jimmy J Caudell, Nadeem Riaz, Neal E Dunlap, Derek Isrow, Sara J Zakem, Joshua Dault, Musaddiq J Awan, Kristin A Higgins, Comron Hassanadeh, Jonathan J Beitler, Chandana A Reddy, Samuel Marcrom, Drexell H Boggs, James A Bonner, Min Yao, Mitchell Machtay, Farzan Siddiqui, Andy M Trotti, Nancy Y Lee, Shlomo A Koyfman, Robert L Ferris, Dwight E Heron
PURPOSE: Two modern methods of reirradiation, intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), are established for patients with recurrent or second primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (rSCCHN). We performed a retrospective multi-institutional analysis to compare methods. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from patients with unresectable rSCCHN previously irradiated to ≥40 Gy who underwent reirradiation with IMRT or SBRT were collected from 8 institutions...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899526/association-between-severity-of-untreated-sleep-apnoea-and-postoperative-complications-following-major-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#18
Martina Mason, Jules Hernández Sánchez, Alain Vuylsteke, Ian Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether untreated sleep apnoea is associated with prolonged Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay and increased frequency of postoperative ICU complications, in patients undergoing major cardiac surgery. PATIENTS/METHODS: Adult patients, undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting with or without cardiac valve surgery, between March 2013 and July 2014, were considered. We excluded patients participating in other interventional studies, those who had a tracheostomy before surgery, required emergency surgery or were due to be admitted on the day of surgery...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895577/a-study-of-predictors-for-hyponatraemia-in-patients-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#19
P W Song, F L Dong, C C Feng, Y N Shen, Y Wang, R J Zhang, P Ge, C L Shen
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to investigate the predictors for hyponatraemia in patients with cervical spinal cord injuries (CSCIs) and to define the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and hyponatraemia. SETTING: The study was carried out at The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. METHODS: A total of 292 patients with CSCIs were retrospectively reviewed to determine the predictors of hyponatraemia...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895500/anesthetic-management-of-a-patient-with-tracheal-dehiscence-post-tracheal-resection-surgery
#20
Sang Kim, Maryna Khromava, Jeron Zerillo, George Silvay, Adam I Levine
We present a case of a patient with complete tracheal dehiscence and multiple false passages after recent tracheal resection and anastomosis. Loss of tracheal continuity after disruption of anastomosis with distal stump retraction presents a unique anesthetic challenge given lack of access to the trachea and the need for adequate anesthesia and analgesia for surgical neck dissection. Traditional airway management, including awake fiberoptic intubation, intubation via direct laryngoscopy, needle cricothyrotomy, and awake tracheostomy are not viable options...
September 1, 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
keyword
keyword
6401
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"