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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050712/optimizing-the-use-of-oral-anticoagulant-therapy-for-atrial-fibrilation-in-primary-care-a-pharmacist-led-intervention
#1
Mandeep S Virdee, Derek Stewart
Background Updated evidence-based guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation (AF) necessitate patient review, particularly with respect to oral anticoagulants, to ensure maximum health gain around stroke prophylaxis. Objective To quantify the level of anticoagulation utilisation in patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc ≥1/≥2 (male/female) according to evidence-based guidelines and to assess the impact of a pharmacist-led intervention to optimise therapy. Setting Fifteen general medical practices in Liverpool, North-West England with a practice population of 99,129...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045242/evidence-for-periprocedural-antiplatelet-therapy-heparinization-and-bridging-of-coumarin-therapy-in-carotid-revascularization
#2
Art Brand, Gert J DE Borst
Thromboembolism prevention is a crucial factor determining both the natural outcome and outcome of intervention of stenotic atherosclerotic carotid artery pathology. Roughly 80% of all natural course cerebral ischemic events are caused by thromboembolism, versus 20% due to hemodynamic insufficiency. The risk of periprocedural cerebral (micro) thromboembolization during carotid revascularization is considered to be even higher, with a higher rate in carotid artery stenting (CAS) as compared to carotid endarterectomy (CEA)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029563/-use-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-primary-care-actua-study
#3
V Barrios, C Escobar, J M Lobos, J Polo, D Vargas
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 40% of patients with non-valvular auricular fibrillation (NVAF) who receive vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in Primary Care in Spain have poor anticoagulation control. The objective of the study Actuación en antiCoagulación, Tratamiento y Uso de anticoagulantes orales de acción directa (ACOD) en Atención primaria (ACTUA) (Action in Coagulation, Treatment and Use of direct oral anticoagulants [DOACs]) in Primary Care) was to analyse the current situation regarding the use of VKA and non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with NVAF in Primary Care in Spain and the possible issues arising from it...
October 28, 2016: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004413/direct-oral-anticoagulant-use-in-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-with-valvular-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Ryan E Owens, Rajesh Kabra, Carrie S Oliphant
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are indicated for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), which, according to the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/Heart Rhythm Society atrial fibrillation (AF) guidelines, excludes patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis, a mechanical or bioprosthetic heart valve, or mitral valve repair. However, the data regarding use of DOACs in AF patients with other types of valvular heart disease (VHD) are unclear. We aimed to summarize and evaluate the literature regarding the safety and efficacy of DOAC use in NVAF patients with other types of VHD...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909544/reducing-the-risk-of-stroke-in-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-with-direct-oral-anticoagulants-is-one-of-these-not-like-the-others
#5
REVIEW
Paul P Dobesh Pharm D, John Fanikos Mba R Ph
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and increases risk of stroke by nearly 5-fold. While warfarin has been employed successfully to reduce the risk of stroke in these patients, there are a number of challenges with therapy. These include the need for therapeutic monitoring due to variability in patient response, frequent dose adjustments, numerous drug-drug, drug-food, and drug-disease interactions, and a heightened risk of thrombosis and bleeding due to these issues. Current guidelines recommend that the vitamin K antagonists (VKA) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) should be used for thromboprophylaxis in patients with nonvalvular AF at risk for stroke or systemic embolic events...
August 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766052/cancer-associated-thrombosis-in-asia
#6
Pantep Angchaisuksiri
Thrombosis is a common complication in cancer patients. Although the major inherited risk factors for thrombophilia are different between Asians and Caucasians, the main acquired risk factors that are associated with the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Asians appear to be similar to those for Caucasians. Malignancy is the most important acquired risk factor for VTE in Asians. Recent studies have shown that the incidence of VTE is significant in Asian patients with cancer, particularly those in an advanced stage...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766049/management-of-venous-thromboembolism-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Siavash Piran, Sam Schulman
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which constitutes pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, is a common disorder associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Landmark trials have shown that direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are as effective as conventional anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in prevention of VTE recurrence and associated with less bleeding. This has paved the way for the recently published guidelines to change their recommendations in favor of DOACs in acute and long-term treatment of VTE in patients without cancer...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740860/management-of-idiopathic-venous-thromboembolism
#8
Benilde Cosmi
Idiopathic or unprovoked venous thromboembolism is an event occurring in the absence of any apparent provoking or triggering environmental risk factors, such as surgery, trauma, and immobilization. Areas covered: Unprovoked VTE can be associated with occult cancer, but only limited, and not extensive cancer screening, may be warranted, as the rate of occult cancer is low in such patients. Routine thrombophilia testing is not currently recommended as it does not influence the management of the disease. The duration of anticoagulation for unprovoked VTE after the first three months is still debated as the disease tends to recur regardless of treatment duration...
December 2016: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697438/idarucizumab-and-factor-xa-reversal-agents-role-in-hospital-guidelines-and-protocols
#9
REVIEW
Menno V Huisman, John Fanikos
As expected with all antithrombotic agents, there is a risk of bleeding complications in patients receiving direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) because of the DOAC itself, acute trauma, invasive procedures, or underlying comorbidities. For many bleeding events, a prudent course of action will be to withdraw the DOAC, then "wait and support" the patient, with the expectation that the bleeding event should resolve with time. Likewise, DOAC therapy may be interrupted ahead of a planned procedure, the stopping time being dependent on the agent involved and the patient's renal function...
November 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696300/risk-benefit-profile-of-direct-acting-oral-anticoagulants-in-established-therapeutic-indications-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-observational-studies
#10
REVIEW
Emanuel Raschi, Matteo Bianchin, Walter Ageno, Roberto De Ponti, Fabrizio De Ponti
Since 2008, the direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have expanded the therapeutic options of cardiovascular diseases with recognized clinical and epidemiological impact, such as non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and venous thromboembolism (VTE), and also in the preventive setting of orthopedic surgical patients. The large body of evidence, not only from pivotal clinical trials but also from 'real-world' postmarketing observational findings (e.g. analytical epidemiological studies and registry data) gathered to date allow for a first attempt at verifying a posteriori whether or not the pharmacological advantages of the DOACs actually translate into therapeutic innovation, with relevant implications for clinicians, regulators and patients...
December 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636529/do-ems-providers-accurately-ascertain-anticoagulant-and-antiplatelet-use-in-older-adults-with-head-trauma
#11
Daniel K Nishijima, Samuel Gaona, Trent Waechter, Ric Maloney, Troy Bair, Adam Blitz, Andrew R Elms, Roel D Farrales, Calvin Howard, James Montoya, Jeneita M Bell, Victor C Coronado, David E Sugerman, Dustin W Ballard, Kevin E Mackey, David R Vinson, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital provider assessment of the use of anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications in older adults with head trauma is important. These patients are at increased risk for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage and therefore field triage guidelines recommend transporting these patients to centers capable of rapid evaluation and treatment. Our objective was to evaluate EMS ascertainment of anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication use in older adults with head trauma. METHODS: A retrospective study of older adults with head trauma was conducted throughout Sacramento County...
September 16, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592622/optimizing-the-safety-of-treatment-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-the-era-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#12
Jeffrey I Weitz, Iqbal H Jaffer
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are rapidly replacing vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The DOACs include dabigatran, which inhibits thrombin, and rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban, which inhibit factor Xa. When compared with conventional VTE treatment consisting of a parenteral anticoagulant followed by a VKA, the DOACs were equally effective for prevention of recurrence, but were associated with less bleeding. With similar efficacy, better safety, and the convenience of fixed dosing without the need for routine coagulation monitoring, guidelines now recommend DOACs over VKAs for VTE treatment in patients without active cancer...
September 5, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591836/a-systematic-review-of-anti-thrombotic-therapy-in-epistaxis
#13
K M Musgrave, J Powell
There is limited guidance available to clinicians regarding the management of antithrombotic therapy during epistaxis, whilst there has been an increase in the use of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy. In addition, the introduction of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), such as dabigatran and rivaroxaban, over the last decade has significantly increased the complexity of managing the anticoagulated epistaxis patient. We undertook a systemic literature review investigating potential management strategies for each class of anti-thrombotic therapy during epistaxis...
December 1, 2016: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569673/idarucizumab-and-factor-xa-reversal-agents-role-in-hospital-guidelines-and-protocols
#14
Menno V Huisman, John Fanikos
As expected with all antithrombotic agents, there is a risk of bleeding complications in patients receiving direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) because of the DOAC itself, acute trauma, invasive procedures, or underlying comorbidities. For many bleeding events, a prudent course of action will be to withdraw the DOAC, then "wait and support" the patient, with the expectation that the bleeding event should resolve with time. Likewise, DOAC therapy may be interrupted ahead of a planned procedure, the stopping time being dependent on the agent involved and the patient's renal function...
November 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565128/management-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-women-of-childbearing-potential-guidance-from-the-ssc-of-the-isth-comment
#15
M J R Desborough, S Pavord, B J Hunt
We welcome the recent guidelines from the Women's Health Issues SSC of the ISTH which provide much needed guidance on the management of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in women of childbearing potential [1]. We agree with the guidance except for one area and feel there would be benefit in reconsidering one of the recommendations: "Should pregnancy be desired, we recommend that the DOAC is switched to an alternative anticoagulant preconceptually, with the main alternative anticoagulant options vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) (to be switched to low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) as soon as possible when pregnant and before 6 weeks of gestation), or LMWH, with cognizance that the latter may result in prolonged subcutaneous injections until pregnancy is achieved...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378261/-assessment-of-bleeding-risk-in-patients-with-venous-thromboembolism-we-are-still-a-long-way-from-home
#16
F A Klok, M V Huisman
Recent American, European and Dutch guidelines recommend lifelong anticoagulation after a diagnosis of unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the absence of high bleeding risk. Major bleeding events may, however, be devastating, and are reported to have a higher case fatality rate than recurrent venous thromboembolism itself. Unfortunately, there are no validated risk assessment tools for major bleeding that help physicians determine the optimal duration of anticoagulant therapy after VTE. Furthermore, the scarce studies on this subject have focused on vitamin K antagonist treatment regimens only, covering mainly the initial weeks and first month, during which period the level of anticoagulation is unstable...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367495/ophthalmic-complications-associated-with-direct-oral-anticoagulant-medications
#17
Wen-Shi Shieh, Jayanth Sridhar, Bryan K Hong, Joseph I Maguire, Ehsan Rahimy, Abtin Shahlaee, Allen C Ho, Jason Hsu, Carl D Regillo, Allen Chiang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features and management of six patients with ocular complications associated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). METHODS: The medical records of all adult patients known to be taking a DOAC and with an unusual bleeding event at a large tertiary referral center over a one-year period were reviewed. Patients with less than one-month follow-up were excluded. Data collection included relevant clinic notes, operative reports, surgical videos, and clinical images (fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, B-scan ultrasonography, and fluorescein angiography)...
July 1, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179058/in-hospital-management-and-follow-up-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-focus-on-new-and-emerging-treatments
#18
Joshua D Lenchus, Michelle Biehl, Jorge Cabrera, Alice Gallo de Moraes, Cameron Dezfulian
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), encompassing pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT), is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of particular relevance for intensivists and hospitalists. Acute VTE is usually managed with parenteral unfractionated heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin, followed by an oral vitamin K antagonist. Data are lacking for optimal treatment of less common occurrences, such as upper extremity DVT, and for approaches such as thrombolysis for PE associated with early signs of hemodynamic compromise or inferior vena cava filters when anticoagulation is contraindicated...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147458/overview-of-direct-oral-anticoagulant-therapy-reversal
#19
Michael P Gulseth
PURPOSE: Strategies for the management of bleeding complications and facilitation of an invasive procedure in patients receiving direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are reviewed. SUMMARY: The DOACs provide clinical advantages versus vitamin K antagonists, including fixed dosing with no routine coagulation monitoring and evidence of a lower risk of bleeding. However, as with all anticoagulants, there is a risk of bleeding complications in patients receiving DOACs, so urgent reversal of their anticoagulant activity may be required for spontaneous or traumatic bleeding events and in patients undergoing emergency invasive procedures...
May 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146099/-venous-thrombo-embolic-disease-in-cancer-low-molecular-weight-heparin-indications
#20
M Nou, J-P Laroche
Cancer and venous thrombo-embolic disease (VTE) are closely related. Indeed, cancer can reveal VTE and VTE can be the first sign of cancer. Low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) is now the first line treatment in cancer patients. Compliance with marketing authorizations and guidelines are crucial for patient-centered decision-making. This work deals with the prescription of LWMH in patients who develop VTE during cancer in order to better recognize what should or should not be done. The patient's wishes must be taken into consideration when making the final therapeutic decision...
May 2016: Journal des Maladies Vasculaires
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