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A M Wane, A M Ka, J P Diagne, G Mouen Bengue, A S Sow, P A Ndoye Roth, E A Ba, M E De Medeiros, H Kane, J M Ndiaye, H M Diallo, P A Ndiaye, M R Ndiaye
INTRODUCTION: In Senegal, 10% of the population are said to be carriers of hemoglobin S, the most widespread hemoglobinopathy in the world. It is responsible for potentially blinding ophthalmological manifestations. Few practitioners refer patients for ophthalmologic screening. The goal of our study was to assess the level of knowledge of practitioners of the blinding ocular lesions of sickle cell disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional prospective study was carried out over five months...
June 11, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Flávia Mylla de Sousa Reis, Renata Rodrigues de Oliveira Castelo Branco, Amanda Mota Conceição, Letícia Paula Benvindo Trajano, José Felipe Pinheiro do Nascimento Vieira, Pablo Ricardo Barbosa Ferreira, Éverton José Ferreira de Araújo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of variant hemoglobins in different health regions. METHODS: A descriptive, observational, and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach based on secondary data in the internal records of the neonatal screening service - Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública do Estado do Piauí (PI, Brazil). The variables related to sex, ethnicity and positive diagnosis for variant hemoglobins were analyzed, with further population distribution of hemoglobinopathies among the macroregions of the state...
June 7, 2018: Einstein
David W Niebuhr, Ligong Chen, Stephanie Shao, Jonathan Goldsmith, Celia Byrne, Darrell E Singer
Introduction: Sickle cell trait (SCT), the heterozygous carrier state for hemoglobin S, is present in an estimated 1.6% of all newborns and 7.3% in black individuals in the USA. SCT has long been considered a benign condition with anticipated normal life expectancy and no increased risk for chronic diseases. The medical literature is inconclusive on the potential association between SCT and chronic medical conditions (CMC) including chronic kidney disease, venous thromboembolism, and stroke...
June 8, 2018: Military Medicine
Alexis Leonard, John Tisdale
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common inherited hemoglobinopathy worldwide, and is a life limiting disease with limited therapeutic options to reduce disease severity. Despite being a monogenic disorder, the clinical phenotypes of SCD are variable, with few reliable predictors of disease severity easily identifying patients where the benefits of curative therapy outweigh the risks. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative option, though significant advances in gene therapy raise the promise for additional curative methods...
June 8, 2018: Expert Review of Hematology
Fyodor D Urnov
Genome editing with engineered nucleases (zinc finger, TAL effector, or CRISPR/Cas9-based) enables `write' access to regulatory programs executed by primary human cells. A decade of its clinical development, along with a reduction of conventional gene therapy to medical and commercial practice, has made cell reprogramming via editing a viable clinical modality. Reviewed here are the first examples of this to enter the clinic: ex vivo edited T cells for infectious disease and cancer, and hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells for the hemoglobinopathies...
June 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Genetics & Development
Mary Ellen Vajravelu, Joyce M Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Because the incidence of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in children is rising, routine screening of those at risk is recommended. In 2010, the ADA made the recommendation to include hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) as a diagnostic test for diabetes, in addition to the oral glucose tolerance test or fasting plasma glucose. Our objective was to assess the pediatric literature with regard to HbA1c test performance and discuss advantages and disadvantages of use of the test for diagnostic purposes...
June 4, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
Reza Ranjbaran, Mahin Nikogoftar Zarif, Sedigheh Sharifzadeh, Habibollah Golafshan, Ali Akbar Pourfathollah
Objective: Hemoglobin F (HbF) augmentation is considered a clinically beneficial phenomenon in β-hemoglobinopathies. Prevention of γ-globin gene silencing, inspired by the hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin, may be a suitable strategy to upregulate HbF expression in these patients. Therefore, our objective was to assess the potential feasibility of induced -117 G→A substitution in HBG promoter in prevention of transcriptional silencing of the γ-globin. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, human peripheral blood-derived hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and the K562 cell line were differentiated to erythroid cells...
October 2018: Cell Journal
Karine Sii-Felice, Marie Giorgi, Philippe Leboulch, Emmanuel Payen
The β-hemoglobinopathies, transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia (TDT) and sickle cell disease (SCD) are the most prevalent inherited disorders worldwide and affect millions of people. Many of these patients have a shortened life expectancy and suffer from severe morbidity in spite of supportive therapies, which impose an enormous financial burden to societies. The only available curative therapy is allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, although most patients do not have an HLA-matched sibling donor, and those who do still risk life threatening complications...
May 25, 2018: Experimental Hematology
Jesse D Vrecenak, Erik G Pearson, Carlyn A Todorow, Haiying Li, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake
In utero hematopoietic cell transplantation (IUHCT) offers the potential to achieve allogeneic engraftment and associated donor-specific tolerance without the need for toxic conditioning, as we have previously demonstrated in the murine and canine models. This strategy holds great promise in the treatment of many hematopoietic disorders, including the hemoglobinopathies. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) represents the greatest theoretical risk of IUHCT and has never been characterized in the context of IUHCT...
May 23, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Eman S Alsaeed, Ghada N Farhat, Abdullah M Assiri, Ziad Memish, Elawad M Ahmed, Mohammad Y Saeedi, Mishal F Al-Dossary, Hisham Bashawri
The prevalence rates of β-thalassemia (β-thal) and Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) in Saudi Arabia are considered one of the highest compared to surrounding countries in the Middle East (0.05% and 4.50%, respectively). In this study, Secondary data analysis was obtained from the premarital screening and genetic counseling program (PMSGC), and included 12,30,582 individuals from February 2011 to December 2015. Prevalence rates (per 1000 population) for β-thal and SCD were calculated for carrier status, disease status and their combination...
March 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Salimah Valliani, Pradyumna Agasthi, Gloria Westney, Marilyn Foreman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Jennifer L Oliveira, Lea M Coon, Lori A Frederick, Molly Hein, Kenneth C Swanson, Michelle E Savedra, Tavanna R Porter, Mrinal M Patnaik, Ayalew Tefferi, Animesh Pardanani, Stefan K Grebe, David S Viswanatha, James D Hoyer
Hereditary erythrocytosis is associated with high oxygen affinity hemoglobin variants (HOAs), 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate deficiency and abnormalities in EPOR and the oxygen-sensing pathway proteins PHD, HIF2α, and VHL. Our laboratory has 40 years of experience with hemoglobin disorder testing and we have characterized HOAs using varied protein and molecular techniques including functional assessment by p50 analysis. In addition, we have more recently commenced adding the assessment of clinically relevant regions of the VHL, BPGM, EPOR, EGLN1 (PHD2), and EPAS1 (HIF2A) genes in a more comprehensive hereditary erythrocytosis panel of tests...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Hematology
Jill M Cholette, Suzie A Noronha, Jerard Seghatchian, Neil Blumberg
Red cell transfusions are amongst the most common therapeutic procedures in seriously ill children, particularly in the inpatient setting. This is despite the fact that there is no evidence base for most clinical settings, with the exception of patients with hemoglobinopathies, particularly thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. Obviously exsanguinating hemorrhage and life threatening anemia are urgent indications for which no other therapeutic approach is currently available. Most transfusions are, however, given prophylactically to prevent the complications of hypoxia or hemodynamic stability, based upon expert opinion and a faith in the oxygen carrying capacity and beneficial hemodynamic properties of transfused red cells...
May 10, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Chang Li, Nikoletta Psatha, Hongjie Wang, Manvendra Singh, Himanshu Bhusan Samal, Wenli Zhang, Anja Ehrhardt, Zsuzsanna Izsvák, Thalia Papayannopoulou, André Lieber
We generated an integrating, CD46-targeted, helper-dependent adenovirus HDAd5/35++ vector system for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy. The ∼12-kb transgene cassette included a β-globin locus control region (LCR)/promoter driven human γ-globin gene and an elongation factor alpha-1 (EF1α)-mgmtP140K expression cassette, which allows for drug-controlled increase of γ-globin-expressing erythrocytes. We transduced bone marrow lineage-depleted cells from human CD46-transgenic mice and transplanted them into lethally irradiated recipients...
June 15, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
Feng Lu, Qingkai Dai, Xia Zhang, Wenjie Zhou, Ju Gao, Ge Zhang
BACKGROUND: Capillary isoelectric focusing is a type of capillary electrophoresis method newly used for thalassemia screening in China. Although the good performance has been proved by several studies, whether it can best suit the special needs of Chinese patients still requires further investigations. METHODS: Comparisons were made between capillary zone electrophoresis method applied on Sebia Minicap and capillary isoelectric focusing method applied on Helena V8 platform E-class on identifying Hb E, Hb CS, Hb H, and Hb Barts for patients from southern China...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Florian Nolte, Holger Nückel, Burkhard Schmidt, Thomas Geer, Oleg Rubanov, Holger Hebart, Andrea Jarisch, Stefan Albrecht, Christiane Johr, Christiane Schumann, Wolf-Karsten Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Iron overload (IOL) due to repetitive transfusions of packed red blood cells (pRBC) has a major impact on morbidity and mortality in patients with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes and hemoglobinopathies such as thalassemia and sickle cell disease. However, whether IOL influences the outcome of elderly patients with myeloid malignancies is not yet clear. Moreover, clinical trials have reported high drop-out rates during treatment with the oral iron chelator deferasirox (DFX)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
H W Goonasekera, C S Paththinige, V H W Dissanayake
Hemoglobinopathies are the most common single-gene disorders in the world. Their prevalence is predicted to increase in the future, and low-income hemoglobinopathy-endemic regions need to manage most of the world's affected persons. International organizations, governments, and other stakeholders have initiated national or regional prevention programs in both endemic and nonendemic countries by performing population screening for α- and β-thalassemia, HbE disease, and sickle cell disease in neonates, adolescents, reproductive-age adults (preconceptionally or in the early antenatal period), and family members of diagnosed cases...
May 11, 2018: Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
Jiraporn Kuesap, Kesara Na-Bangchang
Malaria is one of the most important public health problems in tropical areas on the globe. Several factors are associated with susceptibility to malaria and disease severity, including innate immunity such as blood group, hemoglobinopathy, and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) polymorphisms. This study was carried out to investigate association among ABO blood group, thalassemia types and HO-1 polymorphisms in malaria. The malarial blood samples were collected from patients along the Thai-Myanmar border. Determination of ABO blood group, thalassemia variants, and HO-1 polymorphisms were performed using agglutination test, low pressure liquid chromatography and polymerase chain reaction, respectively...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
C Vrettou, G Kakourou, T Mamas, J Traeger-Synodinos
The hemoglobinopathies, as a group, are one of the most common serious monogenic diseases in the world. An accepted and widely adopted approach to reduce the number of new cases involves carrier-screening programs, with the option of prenatal diagnosis (PND) or preimplantation diagnosis (preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic disease, PGT-M) for carrier couples. The aim of PND is to provide an accurate result as early in pregnancy as possible, which necessitates prior identification of the parental disease-causing mutations, as well as safe and timely biopsy of fetal material...
May 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Mario V Capanzana, Ma Angelina L Mirasol, Geoffry Smith, Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa, Leah Perlas, Francisco de Los Reyes, Maria Sofia Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia worldwide. In Southeast Asia, studies showed that genetic hemoglobin disorders also contribute significantly to the burden of anemia. The study aimed to estimate the proportion of thalassemia and other hemoglobinopathies versus iron deficiency and other causes in a sample of anemic individuals; describe the characteristics of thalassemic subjects in terms of severity of anemia, adequacy of iron stores, and hematological profile; examine the intake of iron supplements among individuals with varying causes of anemia...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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