Read by QxMD icon Read

volatile agent

Avanthi Deshani Igalavithana, Xiao Yang, Hilda Rizkia Zahra, Filip M G Tack, Daniel C W Tsang, Eilhann E Kwon, Yong Sik Ok
Previous studies indicated that using CO2 as a reaction agent in the pyrolysis of biomass led to an enhanced generation of syngas via direct reaction between volatile organic carbons (VOCs) evolved from the thermal degradation of biomass and CO2 . In addition, the physico-chemical properties of biochar in CO2 were modified. In this current study, biochars generated from red pepper stalks in N2 and CO2 (RPS-N and RPS-C, respectively) were tested for their effects on the immobilization of Pb, Cd, Zn, and As in contaminated soils...
March 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Hao Wang, William P Lustig, Jing Li
Toxic and hazardous chemical species are ubiquitous, predominantly emitted by anthropogenic activities, and pose serious risks to human health and the environment. Thus, the sensing and subsequent capture of these chemicals, especially in the gas or vapor phase, are of extreme importance. To this end, metal-organic frameworks have attracted significant interest, as their high porosity and wide tunability make them ideal for both applications. These tailorable framework materials are particularly promising for the specific sensing and capture of targeted chemicals, as they can be designed to fit a diverse range of required conditions...
March 13, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
S Perez-Protto, R Nazemian, M Matta, P Patel, K J Wagner, S Q Latifi, D J Lebovitz, J D Reynolds
Many deceased by neurologic criteria donors are administered inhalational agents during organ recovery surgery-a process that is characterised by warm and cold ischaemia followed by warm reperfusion. In certain settings, volatile anaesthetics (VA) are known to precondition organs to protect them from subsequent ischaemia-reperfusion injury. As such, we hypothesised that exposure to VA during organ procurement would improve post-graft survival. Lifebanc (organ procurement organisation [OPO] for NE Ohio) provided the investigators with a list of death by neurologic criteria organ donors cared for at three large tertiary hospitals in Cleveland between 2006 and 2016-details about the surgical recovery phase were extracted from the organ donors' medical records...
March 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Matthias H M Klose, Sarah Theiner, Christoph Kornauth, Samuel M Meier-Menches, Petra Heffeter, Walter Berger, Gunda Koellensperger, Bernhard K Keppler
Laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was used to study the spatial distribution of two metallodrugs with anticancer activities in vivo, namely the organoruthenium plecstatin-1 (1) and its isosteric osmium analogue (2), in liver, kidneys, muscles and tumours of treated mice bearing a CT-26 tumour after single-dose i.p. administration. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that the spatial distribution of an osmium drug candidate has been investigated using LA-ICP-MS in tissues...
March 7, 2018: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Kyoung-Ho Ryu, Keulame Song, Tae-Young Lim, Won-Jun Choi, Yun-Hong Kim, Hyun-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) has traditionally been used to compare the potency of volatile anesthetics. However, as it reflects the spinal mechanism of immobility rather than the cerebral mechanism of analgesia and hypnosis, it is doubtful that equi-MAC connotes equivalent analgesic or hypnotic potency. The level of analgesia and hypnosis can be assessed using surgical pleth index and bispectral index (BIS) values, respectively. This study was designed to compare the surgical pleth index and BIS values produced by equi-MAC of desflurane and sevoflurane in patients undergoing single-agent volatile anesthesia...
March 6, 2018: Anesthesiology
Marilene Fancelli, Miguel Borges, Raul A Laumann, John A Pickett, Michael A Birkett, Maria C Blassioli-Moraes
Diaphorina citri is a vector of the bacterial causative agent of Huanglongbing (HLB = Citrus greening), a severe disease affecting citrus crops. As there is no known control for HLB, manipulating insect behaviour through deployment of semiochemicals offers a promising opportunity for protecting citrus crops. The behavioural responses of D. citri to plant volatiles, and the identity of these plant volatiles were investigated. Volatiles were collected from host plants Murraya paniculata, Citrus sinensis, C...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Iris Lucas, Michel Cotsaftis, Cyrille Bertelle
This paper introduces an original mathematical description for describing agents' decision-making process in the case of problems affected by both individual and collective behaviors in systems characterized by nonlinear, path dependent, and self-organizing interactions. An application to artificial financial markets is proposed by designing a multi-agent system based on the proposed formalization. In this application, agents' decision-making process is based on fuzzy logic rules and the price dynamics is purely deterministic according to the basic matching rules of a central order book...
February 2018: Chaos
Ben Korman, Ranjan K Dash, Philip J Peyton
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical studies suggest that the magnitude of the second gas effect is considerably greater on arterial blood partial pressures of volatile agents than on end-expired partial pressures, and a significant second gas effect on blood partial pressures of oxygen and volatile agents occurs even at relatively low rates of nitrous oxide uptake. We set out to further investigate the mechanism of this phenomenon with the help of mathematical modeling. METHODS: Log-normal distributions of ventilation and blood flow were generated representing the range of ventilation-perfusion scatter seen in patients during general anesthesia...
February 26, 2018: Anesthesiology
Eman M Khalaf, Manish N Raizada
The cucurbit vegetables, including cucumbers, melons and pumpkins, have been cultivated for thousands of years without fungicides. However, their seed germination stage is prone to be infected by soil-borne fungal and oomycete pathogens. Endophytes are symbionts that reside inside plant tissues including seeds. Seed endophytes are founders of the juvenile plant microbiome and can promote host defense at seed germination and later stages. We previously isolated 169 bacterial endophytes associated with seeds of diverse cultivated cucurbits...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Supeeraya Arsa, Chockchai Theerakulkait
BACKGROUND: Rice bran is by-product obtained from the rice milling industry. The aims of this research were to add value of rice bran by preparation of enzymatic hydrolyzed rice bran protein concentrate (HRPC) as a flavoring agent and the flavoring which was produced by HRPC has not been discovered. Different drying methods (freeze drying and spray drying) and fructose additions were studied for improvement of rice bran protein sensorial aroma characteristics. RESULTS: the most abundant amino acids in liquid HRPC (LH) were glutamic acid, arginine, aspartic acid and leucine, respectively...
February 19, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
M H Kuizenga, P J Colin, K M E M Reyntjens, D J Touw, H Nalbat, F H Knotnerus, H E M Vereecke, M M R F Struys
BACKGROUND: Neural inertia is defined as the tendency of the central nervous system to resist transitions between arousal states. This phenomenon has been observed in mice and Drosophila anaesthetized with volatile anaesthetics: the effect-site concentration required to induce anaesthesia in 50% of the population (C50 ) was significantly higher than the effect-site concentration for 50% of the population to recover from anaesthesia. We evaluated this phenomenon in humans using propofol or sevoflurane (both with or without remifentanil) as anaesthetic agents...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Brian C McDonald, Joost A de Gouw, Jessica B Gilman, Shantanu H Jathar, Ali Akherati, Christopher D Cappa, Jose L Jimenez, Julia Lee-Taylor, Patrick L Hayes, Stuart A McKeen, Yu Yan Cui, Si-Wan Kim, Drew R Gentner, Gabriel Isaacman-VanWertz, Allen H Goldstein, Robert A Harley, Gregory J Frost, James M Roberts, Thomas B Ryerson, Michael Trainer
A gap in emission inventories of urban volatile organic compound (VOC) sources, which contribute to regional ozone and aerosol burdens, has increased as transportation emissions in the United States and Europe have declined rapidly. A detailed mass balance demonstrates that the use of volatile chemical products (VCPs)-including pesticides, coatings, printing inks, adhesives, cleaning agents, and personal care products-now constitutes half of fossil fuel VOC emissions in industrialized cities. The high fraction of VCP emissions is consistent with observed urban outdoor and indoor air measurements...
February 16, 2018: Science
Angela Jerath, Matteo Parotto, Marcin Wasowicz, Niall D Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Assia Hamdi, Joanne Bero, Claire Beaufay, Guido Flamini, Zohra Marzouk, Yvan Vander Heyden, Joelle Quetin-Leclercq
BACKGROUND: Plants used for traditional medicine produce diverse and complex secondary metabolites exhibiting various medicinal properties. The medicinal plant Haplophyllum tuberculatum is used by native people against malaria and parasitic infections. METHODS: In this study and in order to contribute for the search of new natural drugs for leishmaniasis, the essential oils of H. tuberculatum leaves, stems and aerial parts (leaves+stems) collected in two different periods, 2013 and 2015, and their components by GC/FID and GC/MS analyses were investigated...
February 14, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Morteza Gholami, Sedigheh Esmaeilzadeh Bahabadi
Khat (Catha edulis Forsk) is a narcotic plant which contains significant amounts of amphetamines, like alkaloids. Herein, analysis of the essential oil composition showed that Khat has useful volatile chemicals in addition to its alkaloids. Results indicated that among 35 identified constituents including mono and sesquiterpenes, the diterpene kaurene, comprises the major part of the essential oil, around 50 percent of total. Kaurene is known as a potent biological agent for the treatment of cancer patients...
February 13, 2018: Natural Product Research
Mohamed Said Nakhli, Mohamed Kahloul, Taieb Guizani, Chekib Zedini, Ajmi Chaouch, Walid Naija
The role of intraoperative intravenous lidocaine infusion has been previously evaluated for pain relief, inflammatory response, and post-operative recovery, particularly in abdominal surgery. The present study is a randomized double-blinded trial in which we evaluated whether IV lidocaine infusion reduces isoflurane requirement, intraoperative remifentanil consumption and time to post-operative recovery in non-laparoscopic renal surgery. Sixty patients scheduled to undergo elective non-laparoscopic renal surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled to receive either systemic lidocaine infusion (group L: bolus 1...
December 2018: Libyan Journal of Medicine
Brandon Holt, Shawn Gregory, Todd A Sulchek, Shannon Yee, Mark D Losego
Textiles, especially those worn by patients and medical professionals, serve as a vector for proliferating pathogens. Upstream manufacturing techniques and end user practices, such as transition metal embedment in textile fibers or alcohol-based disinfectants, can mitigate pathogen growth, but both techniques have their shortcomings. Fiber embedment requires complete replacement of all fabrics in a facility, and the effects of embedded nanoparticles on human health remain unknown. Alcohol-based, end-user disinfectants are short-lived because they quickly volatilize...
February 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lauren E James, Catherine Ja Williams, Mads F Bertelsen, Tobias Wang
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the minimum dose of intramuscular alfaxalone required to facilitate intubation for mechanical ventilation, and to investigate the impact of cranial versus caudal injection on anaesthetic depth. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised crossover study. ANIMALS: Six healthy juvenile ball pythons (Python regius). METHODS: Three dosages (10, 20 and 30 mg kg -1 ) of alfaxalone were administered to each python in a caudal location with a minimum 2 weeks washout...
January 9, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Jeong-Ae Lim, Chung-Sik Oh, Tae-Gyoon Yoon, Ji Yeon Lee, Seung-Hyun Lee, Young-Bum Yoo, Jung-Hyun Yang, Seong-Hyop Kim
BACKGROUND: To clarify the effect of anaesthetic agents on cancer immunity, we evaluated the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on natural killer (NK) cell, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) counts and apoptosis rate in breast cancer and immune cells co-cultures from patients who underwent breast cancer surgery. METHODS: Venous blood samples were collected after inducing anaesthesia and at 1 and 24 h postoperatively in patients who had undergone breast cancer surgery...
February 7, 2018: BMC Cancer
Matthew C Barry, Craig M Lieberman, Zheng Wei, Rodolphe Clérac, Alexander S Filatov, Evgeny V Dikarev
The first example of ionic β-diketonates in which both the cation and anion are octahedral coordinatively saturated metal diketonate moieties are reported. Heterometallic tin-transition-metal heteroleptic diketonates were obtained through solid-state redox reactions and are formulated as {[SnIV(thd)3]+[MII(hfac)3]-} (MII = Mn (1), Fe (2), Co (3); thd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionate, hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonate). X-ray single-crystal structural investigations along with DART mass spectrometry, multinuclear NMR, and magnetic susceptibility measurements have been used to confirm an assignment of metal oxidation states in compounds 1-3...
February 7, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"