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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651416/-clinical-effects-of-joint-active-system-on-the-treatment-of-joint-dysfunction-after-deep-burn
#1
T F Ru, F F Li, P Chen, H Luo, L Yuan, F Lei, Y L Tang, W G Xie
Objective: To observe the clinical effects of the Joint Active System on the treatment of joint dysfunction after deep burn. Methods: Twenty-two patients with joint dysfunction after deep burn were hospitalized in Institute of Burns of Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital from January 2015 to October 2016, involving 18 elbow joints with flexion disorder, 10 wrist joints with dorsal extension disorder, and 12 ankle joints with dorsal extension disorder. They were treated with the elbow joint activity training device, the wrist joint activity training device, and the ankle joint activity training device of the Joint Active System, respectively...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651296/early-discharge-hospital-at-home
#2
REVIEW
Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Joanna Broad, John Gladman, Peter Langhorne, Suzanne H Richards, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Early discharge hospital at home is a service that provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care. This is an update of a Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with early discharge hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to 9 January 2017: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and EconLit...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651150/cognitive-remediation-improves-executive-functions-self-regulation-and-quality-of-life-in-residents-of-a-substance-use-disorder-therapeutic-community
#3
Ely M Marceau, Jamie Berry, Joanne Lunn, Peter J Kelly, Nadia Solowij
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunction is common in substance use disorder (SUD) populations and hinders treatment. We previously found that 50% of residents in SUD therapeutic communities had been hospitalized for head injuries; this was a significant determinant of cognitive impairment. The current study aimed to establish whether cognitive remediation improves executive functions (EFs) and self-regulation in an ecologically valid sample of female residents attending SUD therapeutic community treatment, including those with past head injuries and psychiatric comorbidities...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650873/perceptions-of-ambulatory-workflow-changes-in-an-academic-primary-care-setting
#4
Michael A Hanak, Colleen McDevitt, Daniel P Dunham
As health care moves to a value-based system, the need for team-based models of care becomes increasingly important to adequately address the growing number of clinical quality metrics required of health care providers. Finding ways to better engage certified medical assistants (CMAs) in the process allows providers to focus on more complex tasks while improving the efficiency of each office visit. Although the roles and responsibilities for CMAs across the specialties can vary widely, standardizing the work can be a helpful step in scaling best practices across an institution...
June 23, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650723/hospital-chaplains-through-the-eyes-of-parents-of-hospitalized-children
#5
Pamela K Donohue, Matt Norvell, Renee D Boss, Jennifer Shepard, Karen Frank, Christina Patron, Thomas Y Crowe
BACKGROUND: Chaplain services are available in 68% of hospitals, but hospital chaplains are not yet incorporated into routine patient care. OBJECTIVES: To describe how families of hospitalized children view and utilize hospital chaplains. DESIGN: Telephone survey with 40 questions: Likert, yes/no, and short-answer responses. SUBJECTS: Parents visited by a hospital chaplain during their child's hospitalization in a tertiary care center...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650700/the-size-and-scope-of-collegiate-athletic-training-facilities-and-staffing
#6
Andrew R Gallucci, Jeffrey C Petersen
CONTEXT:   Athletic training facilities have been described in terms of general design concepts and from operational perspectives. However, the size and scope of athletic training facilities, along with staffing at different levels of intercollegiate competition, have not been quantified. OBJECTIVE:   To define the size and scope of athletic training facilities and staffing levels at various levels of intercollegiate competition. To determine if differences existed in facilities (eg, number of facilities, size of facilities) and staffing (eg, full time, part time) based on the level of intercollegiate competition...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650603/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-czech-beck-depression-inventory-ii-in-a-sample-of-depressed-patients-and-healthy-controls
#7
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore reliability and validity of the Czech revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and to identify the best cut-off for a correct identification of a potentially depressed individual. METHOD: Two groups of adult participants entered the study. The first group consisted of 177 patients with depression (F32x or F33x according to the ICD-10). Furthermore, there were 767 healthy controls. Each participant filled in BDI-II...
May 26, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650408/objective-effects-of-breast-reduction-surgery-on-physical-fitness
#8
Jennifer A Knox, D Alan Nelson, Kerry P Latham, Lianne M Kurina
BACKGROUND: Reduction mammaplasty is known for excellent outcomes and patient satisfaction. Although patients report improvements in pain, weight loss, and exercise levels, objective data on physical fitness benefits are limited. METHODS: Using the Stanford Military Data Repository, we identified 89 US Army active duty women with at least 1 pre- and postoperative Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) who underwent reduction mammaplasty during 2011 to 2014. We used paired t tests to compare pre- and postoperative APFT score means and raw values for push-ups, sit-ups, and the 2-mile run...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650206/socioenvironmental-personal-and-behavioral-correlates-of-severe-obesity-among-an-ethnically-racially-diverse-sample-of-us-adolescents
#9
Katherine W Bauer, Marsha D Marcus, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity among adolescents, also known as class 2 and 3 obesity, is increasing in prevalence, yet, little is known about adolescents with severe obesity. The objective of this study was to identify the socioenvironmental, personal, and behavioral correlates of severe obesity among an ethnically/racially diverse sample of US adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of data from participants in the EAT 2010 study (n = 2706) was conducted...
June 26, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650194/remotely-delivering-real-time-parent-training-to-the-home-an-initial-randomized-trial-of-internet-delivered-parent-child-interaction-therapy-i-pcit
#10
Jonathan S Comer, Jami M Furr, Elizabeth M Miguel, Christine E Cooper-Vince, Aubrey L Carpenter, R Meredith Elkins, Caroline E Kerns, Danielle Cornacchio, Tommy Chou, Stefany Coxe, Mariah DeSerisy, Amanda L Sanchez, Alejandra Golik, Julio Martin, Kathleen M Myers, Rhea Chase
OBJECTIVE: Remote technologies are increasingly being leveraged to expand the reach of supported care, but applications to early child-behavior problems have been limited. This is the first controlled trial examining video-teleconferencing to remotely deliver behavioral parent training to the home setting with a live therapist. METHOD: Racially/ethnically diverse children ages 3-5 years with disruptive behavior disorders, and their caregiver(s), using webcams and parent-worn Bluetooth earpieces, participated in a randomized trial comparing Internet-delivered parent-child interaction therapy (I-PCIT) versus standard clinic-based PCIT (N = 40)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650188/being-present-focusing-on-the-present-predicts-improvements-in-life-satisfaction-but-not-happiness
#11
Peter Felsman, Philippe Verduyn, Ozlem Ayduk, Ethan Kross
Mindfulness theorists suggest that people spend most of their time focusing on the past or future rather than the present. Despite the prevalence of this assumption, no research that we are aware of has evaluated whether it is true or what the implications of focusing on the present are for subjective well-being. We addressed this issue by using experience sampling to examine how frequently people focus on the present throughout the day over the course of a week and whether focusing on the present predicts improvements in the 2 components of subjective well-being over time-how people feel and how satisfied they are with their lives...
June 26, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650073/short-term-effectiveness-of-a-relationship-education-program-for-distressed-military-couples-in-the-context-of-foreign-assignments-for-the-german-armed-forces-preliminary-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Christoph Kröger, Sören Kliem, Peter Zimmermann, Jens Kowalski
This study examines the short-term effectiveness of a relationship education program designed for military couples. Distressed couples were randomly placed in either a wait-list control group or an intervention group. We conducted training sessions before a 3-month foreign assignment, and refresher courses approximately 6-week post-assignment. We analyzed the dyadic data of 32 couples, using hierarchical linear modeling in a two-level model. Reduction in unresolved conflicts was found in the intervention group, with large pre-post effects for both partners...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649479/functional-outcomes-of-childhood-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-20-to-28-years-later
#13
T S Park, Jenny L Liu, Caleb Edwards, Deanna M Walter, Matthew B Dobbs
BACKGROUND: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a surgical method used to treat childhood spastic cerebral palsy (CP). However, the effects of early SDR on functional outcomes and quality of life decades later in adulthood remains to be elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term outcomes in terms of satisfaction and mobility of adult patients who received childhood SDR. METHODS: Adult patients who received SDR in childhood were surveyed...
May 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649448/junior-faculty-core-curriculum-to-enhance-faculty-development
#14
Ronnie Guillet, Robert G Holloway, Robert A Gross, Katie Libby, Janine R Shapiro
INTRODUCTION: Senior Instructors and Assistant Professors in their first academic appointment may not have all the tools for an efficient start to their careers. Although many institutions provide access to mentoring programs and seminars on faculty development, the timing and format of the offerings often conflict with ongoing responsibilities of the faculty, particularly clinical faculty. METHODS: We established a collaboration between the Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) and the University of Rochester Medical Center Office for Faculty Development with the goal of developing a week-long Junior Faculty Core Curriculum that would better suit faculty schedules...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649300/negative-body-experience-in-women-with-early-childhood-trauma-associations-with-trauma-severity-and-dissociation
#15
Mia Scheffers, Maike Hoek, Ruud J Bosscher, Marijtje A J van Duijn, Robert A Schoevers, Jooske T van Busschbach
Background: A crucial but often overlooked impact of early life exposure to trauma is its far-reaching effect on a person's relationship with their body. Several domains of body experience may be negatively influenced or damaged as a result of early childhood trauma. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate disturbances in three domains of body experience: body attitude, body satisfaction, and body awareness. Furthermore, associations between domains of body experience and severity of trauma symptoms as well as frequency of dissociation were evaluated...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649220/a-study-protocol-for-testing-the-effectiveness-of-user-generated-content-in-reducing-excessive-consumption
#16
Atar Herziger, Amel Benzerga, Jana Berkessel, Niken L Dinartika, Matija Franklin, Kamilla K Steinnes, Felicia Sundström
Excessive consumption is on the rise, as is apparent in growing financial debt and global greenhouse gas emissions. Voluntary simplicity, a lifestyle choice of reduced consumption and sustainable consumer behavior, provides a potential solution for excessive consumers. However, voluntary simplicity is unpopular, difficult to adopt, and under researched. The outlined research project will test a method of promoting voluntary simplicity via user-generated content, thus mimicking an existing social media trend (Minimalism) in an empirical research design...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649188/using-video-conferencing-to-deliver-a-brief-motivational-intervention-for-alcohol-and-sex-risk-to-emergency-department-patients-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#17
Mark A Celio, Nadine R Mastroleo, Graham DiGuiseppi, Nancy P Barnett, Suzanne M Colby, Christopher W Kahler, Don Operario, Brian Suffoletto, Peter M Monti
Brief motivational intervention (MI) is an efficacious approach to reduce heavy drinking and associated sexual risk behavior among Emergency Department (ED) patients, but the intensity of demands placed on ED staff makes the implementation of in-person MIs logistically challenging. This proof-of-concept pilot study examined the acceptability and logistic feasibility of using video-conferencing technology to deliver an MI targeting heavy drinking and risky sexual behavior to patients in an ED setting. Rigorous screening procedures were employed to ensure that the pilot sample represents the target portion of ED patients who would benefit from this multi-target MI...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649124/a-modified-bowel-preparation-regimen-for-colonoscopy-providing-the-patients-satisfaction-and-convenience
#18
Chia-Cheng Wen, Shu-Wen Jao, Cheng-Wen Hsiao
BACKGROUND A complete cleansing of the bowel is a critical factor that impacts the diagnostic accuracy of colonoscopies. However, the common bowel preparation regimen of two 45 mL doses of sodium phosphate (2×NaP) often leads to uncomfortable symptoms and subsequently lower patient adherence. To improve patient adherence and satisfaction, we proposed a modified regimen composed of two sennoside tablets and one bottle of NaP (S+NaP) and we then evaluated bowel preparation quality and patient satisfaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 531 patients who underwent colonoscopies at the outpatient coloproctology clinic from January 2016 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 26, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648704/total-knee-arthroplasty-using-bicruciate-stabilized-or-posterior-stabilized-knee-implants-provided-comparable-outcomes-at-2-years-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-of-patient-outcomes
#19
Jennie M Scarvell, Diana M Perriman, Paul N Smith, David G Campbell, Warwick J M Bruce, Bo Nivbrant
BACKGROUND: The bicruciate-stabilized (BCS) knee arthroplasty was developed to replicate normal knee kinematics. We examined the hypothesis that patients with osteoarthritis requiring total knee arthroplasty (TKA) will have better functional outcome and satisfaction with the BCS implant compared with an established posterior cruciate-stabilized implant. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, controlled trial compared the clinical outcomes of a BCS implant against an established posterior cruciate-stabilized implant with 2-year follow-up...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648702/a-dual-pivot-pattern-simulating-native-knee-kinematics-optimizes-functional-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
R Michael Meneghini, Evan R Deckard, Marshall K Ishmael, Mary Ziemba-Davis
BACKGROUND: Few studies on kinematics correlate patterns to functional outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to determine if lateral pivot motion in early flexion and medial pivot in high flexion, simulating native knee kinematics, produces superior clinical outcomes. A second objective was to determine if specific kinematic patterns produce superior outcomes. METHODS: One hundred twenty consecutive TKAs were performed using sensor trials to record intraoperative knee kinematics...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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