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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346557/peer-supporters-experiences-on-an-australian-perinatal-mental-health-helpline
#1
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Rhonda Small, Della A Forster
Perinatal mental health is an important public health issue, and peer support is a potentially important strategy for emotional well-being in the perinatal period. PANDA Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia provides support to individuals impacted by perinatal mental health issues via the National Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Helpline. Callers receive peer support from volunteers and counselling from paid professional staff. The views and experiences of PANDA peer support volunteers have not previously been studied...
January 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346033/the-psychology-of-elite-cycling-a-systematic-review
#2
David J Spindler, Mark S Allen, Stewart A Vella, Christian Swann
This systematic review sought to synthesise what is currently known about the psychology of elite cycling. Nine electronic databases were searched in March 2017 for studies reporting an empirical test of any psychological construct in an elite cycling sample. Fourteen studies (total n = 427) met inclusion criteria. Eight studies were coded as having high risk of bias. Themes extracted included mood, anxiety, self-confidence, pain, and cognitive function. Few studies had similar objectives meaning that in many instances findings could not be synthesised in a meaningful way...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345602/the-mental-health-of-adolescents-and-pre-adolescents-living-with-inherited-arrhythmia-syndromes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Patricia E Longmuir, Margaret Sampson, Jennifer Ham, Makenzie Weekes, Bhavika J Patel, Robert M Gow
Potentially fatal arrhythmias add to the mental health challenges of adolescence. This systematic review sought to summarise current knowledge regarding the mental health of adolescents and pre-adolescents diagnosed with inherited arrhythmia syndromes. Searches combining psychological problems with inherited cardiac arrhythmia diagnoses identified 16 studies with paediatric (<18 years) inherited arrhythmia patients. All studies were cross-sectional; 8/16 required an implantable cardioverter defibrillator...
January 18, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344846/evaluation-of-psychosocial-and-biological-parameters-in-women-seeking-for-a-caesarean-section-and-women-who-are-aiming-for-vaginal-delivery-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Benjamin Tuschy, Sebastian Berlit, Paul Stützer, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Ulf Baumgärtner, Marc Sütterlin
PURPOSE: To investigate psychosocial and biological parameters that may influence decision-making concerning the mode of delivery in women with caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Two hundred and two women were enrolled prospectively. The study sample (n = 93) consisted of women who aimed for CSMR, the control sample were women who seeked for vaginal delivery (n = 109). Parturients of both samples were enrolled during the pre-birth counselling at the delivery room at the University Medical Centre Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Germany...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344049/a-structural-equation-model-of-self-care-activities-in-diabetic-elderly-patients
#5
Mousa Alavi, Razieh Molavi, Parvin Eslami
Background: Self-care is a valuable strategy to improve health and reduce events of hospitalization and the duration of hospital stay in elderly diabetic patients. This study aimed to examine the model of self-care behaviors in elderly diabetic patients. Materials and Methods: A survey was conducted among 209 diabetic elderly patients who were admitted in three hospitals affiliated with the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Convenience sampling method was used to recruit the participants...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#6
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343455/adolescent-social-stress-increases-anxiety-like-behavior-and-alters-synaptic-transmission-without-influencing-nicotine-responses-in-a-sex-dependent-manner
#7
Michael J Caruso, Nicole A Crowley, Dana E Reiss, Jasmine I Caulfield, Bernhard Luscher, Sonia A Cavigelli, Helen M Kamens
Early-life stress is a risk factor for comorbid anxiety and nicotine use. Because little is known about the factors underlying this comorbidity, we investigated the effects of adolescent stress on anxiety-like behavior and nicotine responses within individual animals. Adolescent male and female C57BL/6J mice were exposed to chronic variable social stress (CVSS; repeated cycles of social isolation + social reorganization) or control conditions from postnatal days (PND) 25-59. Anxiety-like behavior and social avoidance were measured in the elevated plus-maze (PND 61-65) and social approach-avoidance test (Experiment 1: PND 140-144; Experiment 2: 95-97), respectively...
January 14, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343228/problematic-internet-use-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-in-a-population-of-japanese-adult-psychiatric-patients
#8
Hille T de Vries, Takashi Nakamae, Kenji Fukui, Damiaan Denys, Jin Narumoto
BACKGROUND: Many studies reported the high prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among adolescents (13-50%), and PIU was associated with various psychiatric symptoms. In contrast, only a few studies investigated the prevalence among the adult population (6%). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PIU and psychiatric co-morbidity among adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-three adult psychiatric patients were recruited over a 3-month period...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342510/validation-of-the-social-appearance-anxiety-scale-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-cohort-study
#9
Sarah D Mills, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Shadi Gholizadeh, Rina S Fox, Lisa R Jewett, Karen Gottesman, Scott C Roesch, Brett D Thombs, Vanessa L Malcarne
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that can cause disfiguring changes in appearance. This study examined the structural validity, internal consistency reliability, convergent validity, and measurement equivalence of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) across SSc disease subtypes. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network Cohort completed the SAAS and measures of appearance-related concerns and psychological distress...
January 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341497/defining-behavioral-components-of-social-functioning-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-as-targets-for-treatment
#10
Ashley A Pallathra, Monica E Calkins, Julia Parish-Morris, Brenna B Maddox, Leat S Perez, Judith Miller, Ruben C Gur, David S Mandell, Robert T Schultz, Edward S Brodkin
There is increasing recognition that adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) would benefit from treatment to improve social functioning, a key factor in adults' overall quality of life. However, the various behavioral components of social functioning (i.e., categories of behaviors underlying social functioning), including social motivation, social anxiety, social cognition, and social skills, have not all been assessed together in any sample of adults with ASD, making it difficult to know the relative levels of impairment in these various categories, the relationships among these categories, or promising targets for treatments...
January 17, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341236/induced-earthquakes-from-long-term-gas-extraction-in-groningen-the-netherlands-statistical-analysis-and-prognosis-for-acceptable-risk-regulation
#11
Charles Vlek
Recently, growing earthquake activity in the northeastern Netherlands has aroused considerable concern among the 600,000 provincial inhabitants. There, at 3 km deep, the rich Groningen gas field extends over 900 km2 and still contains about 600 of the original 2,800 billion cubic meters (bcm). Particularly after 2001, earthquakes have increased in number, magnitude (M, on the logarithmic Richter scale), and damage to numerous buildings. The man-made nature of extraction-induced earthquakes challenges static notions of risk, complicates formal risk assessment, and questions familiar conceptions of acceptable risk...
January 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339262/the-long-term-physical-and-psychological-health-impacts-of-flooding-a-systematic-mapping
#12
REVIEW
Shuang Zhong, Lianping Yang, Sam Toloo, Zhe Wang, Shilu Tong, Xiaojie Sun, David Crompton, Gerard FitzGerald, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was systematically mapped to create the first synthesis of the evidence of the long-term health impacts of flooding. METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339005/effects-of-exercise-and-enrichment-on-behaviour-in-cd-1-mice
#13
Amiirah B Aujnarain, Owen D Luo, Natalie Taylor, Jonathan K Y Lai, Jane A Foster
A host of scholarly work has characterized the positive effects of exercise and environmental enrichment on behaviour and cognition in animal studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the uptake and longitudinal impact of exercise and enrichment on the behavioural phenotype of male and female CD-1 mice. CD-1 mice housed in standard (STD) or exercise and enrichment (EE) conditions post-weaning were tested in the 3-chamber sociability test, open field, and elevated plus maze and exercise activity was monitored throughout the enrichment protocol...
January 12, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338955/declining-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-u-s
#14
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Michael Schoenbaum, Carlos Blanco
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent declining mortality of the U.S. population from most leading causes, uncertainty exists over trends in health-related quality of life. METHODS: The 2001-2002 and 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Surveys on Alcohol and Related Conditions U.S. representative household surveys were analyzed for trends in health-related quality of life (n=79,402). Health-related quality of life was measured with the Short Form-6 Dimension scale derived from the Short Form-12...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338470/measurement-error-in-the-liebowitz-social-anxiety-scale-results-from-a-general-adult-population-in-japan
#15
Koki Takada, Kana Takahashi, Kazuki Hirao
OBJECTIVE: Although the self-report version of Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is frequently used to measure social anxiety, data is lacking on the smallest detectable change (SDC), an important index of measurement error. We therefore aimed to determine the SDC of LSAS. METHODS: Japanese adults aged 20-69 years were invited from a panel managed by a nationwide internet research agency. We then conducted a test-retest internet survey with a two-week interval to estimate the SDC at the individual (SDCind) and group (SDCgroup) levels...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337904/maternal-exposure-to-pm2-5-during-pregnancy-induces-impaired-development-of-cerebral-cortex-in-mice-offspring
#16
Tianliang Zhang, Xinrui Zheng, Xia Wang, Hui Zhao, Tingting Wang, Hongxia Zhang, Wanwei Li, Hua Shen, Li Yu
Air pollution is a serious environmental health problem closely related to the occurrence of central nervous system diseases. Exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 2.5 µm (PM2.5) during pregnancy may affect the growth and development of infants. The present study was to investigate the effects of maternal exposure to PM2.5 during pregnancy on brain development in mice offspring. Pregnant mice were randomly divided into experimental groups of low-, medium-, or high-dosages of PM2...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337398/exploring-knowledge-attitudes-and-experience-of-genitourinary-symptoms-in-women-with-early-breast-cancer-on-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy
#17
M Sousa, M Peate, C Lewis, S Jarvis, A Willis, M Hickey, M Friedlander
Clinical trials of adjuvant endocrine therapy in women with early breast cancer have consistently reported that genitourinary symptoms are common. However, little is known about women's experiences of genitourinary symptoms, their views about the symptoms and how they impact on their lives. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge, attitudes and experiences of genitourinary symptoms among women receiving adjuvant endocrine therapy for early breast cancer. Thirty-two semi-structured interviews were conducted and subjected to a rigorous qualitative analysis...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337350/alterations-in-mglu5-receptor-expression-and-function-in-the-striatum-in-a-rat-depression-model
#18
Li-Min Mao, John Q Wang
Major depressive disorder is a common form of mental illness. Many brain regions are implicated in the pathophysiology and symptomatology of depression. Among key brain areas is the striatum that controls reward and mood and is involved in the development of core depression-like behavior in animal models of depression. While molecular mechanisms in this region underlying depression-related behavior are poorly understood, the glutamatergic input to the striatum is believed to play a role. In this study, we investigated changes in metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor expression and signaling in the striatum of adult rats in response to prolonged (10-12 weeks) social isolation, a pre-validated animal paradigm modeling depression in adulthood...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337227/juvenile-social-defeat-stress-exposure-persistently-impairs-social-behaviors-and-neurogenesis
#19
Akihiro Mouri, Mayu Ukai, Mizuki Uchida, Sho Hasegawa, Masayuki Taniguchi, Takahiro Ito, Hirotake Hida, Akira Yoshimi, Kiyofumi Yamada, Shohko Kunimoto, Norio Ozaki, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Yukihiro Noda
Adverse juvenile experiences, including physical abuse, often have negative health consequences later in life. We investigated the influence of social defeat stress exposure as juveniles on neuropsychological behaviors, and the causal role of glucocorticoids in abnormal behaviors and impairment of neurogenesis in mice exposed to the stress. The juvenile (24-day-old) and adult (70-day-old) male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to social defeat stress induced by an aggressive ICR mouse. Social defeat stress exposure as juveniles, even for 1 day, induced persistent social avoidance to the unfamiliar ICR mouse in the social interaction test, but that was not observed in mice exposed to the stress as adults...
January 11, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337001/antidepressant-treatment-duration-in-pediatric-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-how-long-is-long-enough
#20
Elizabeth E Hathaway, John T Walkup, Jeffrey R Strawn
Anxiety and depressive disorders are common in the pediatric primary care setting, and respond to both psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacologic treatment. However, there are limited data regarding the optimal treatment duration. This article systematically reviews guidelines and clinical trial data related to antidepressant treatment duration in pediatric patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. The extant literature suggests 9-12 months of antidepressant treatment for youth with major depressive disorder...
January 11, 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
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