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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636577/comorbidity-and-suicidality-in-patients-diagnosed-with-panic-disorder-agoraphobia-and-major-depression
#1
Borjanka Batinic, Goran Opacic, Tijana Ignjatov, David S Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of anxiety and depression (both current and lifetime) is associated with greater chronicity and an increased risk of suicidality. We wished to ascertain which symptom clusters had the strongest association with suicidality. Our aims were (1) to examine the presence of current comorbidity and suicidality in patients diagnosed with panic disorder/agoraphobia (PD/A) and major depression (MD), and their relationship with duration of psychiatric treatment and frequency of hospital admission; and (2) to examine which coexisting symptoms were most strongly predictive of suicidality in sub-groups and the overall group...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635984/anxiety-and-depression-associated-with-burden-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-brain-metastases
#2
Marlon G Saria, Natasia S Courchesne, Lorraine Evangelista, Joshua L Carter, Daniel A MacManus, Mary Kay Gorman, Adeline M Nyamathi, Linda R Phillips, David E Piccioni, Santosh Kesari, Sally L Maliski
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe and examine the relationship between caregiver burden and the affective disorders anxiety and depression in caregivers of patients with brain metastases.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational.
. SETTING: Moores Cancer Center at the University of California, San Diego. 
. SAMPLE: 56 family caregivers of patients with brain metastases from solid tumors at other primary sites...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635535/effect-of-the-previous-reproductive-outcomes-in-subfertile-women-after-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-and-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-icsi-treatments-on-perinatal-anxious-and-depressive-symptomatology
#3
Francesca Agostini, Fiorella Monti, Marcella Paterlini, Federica Andrei, Stefano Palomba, Giovanni Battista La Sala
INTRODUCTION: The present study aims to investigate the effects of previous reproductive outcomes on the levels of depression, anxiety and perceived social support in subfertile women who conceived after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was developed. Data were collected on subfertile patients who conceived after IVF/ICSI treatment. All demographic and clinical data were recorded...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635533/the-burden-of-endometriosis-symptoms-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-women-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ahmed M Soliman, Karin S Coyne, Erica Zaiser, Jane Castelli-Haley, Mahesh J Fuldeore
INTRODUCTION: To examine the symptomatic burden of endometriosis on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in women in the United States (US). METHODS: A cross sectional web-based survey study was conducted among women using survey panels. The survey included study-specific questions and standardized HRQL questionnaires. Participants reviewed a list of endometriosis symptoms and selected all symptoms they had ever or were currently experiencing. For current symptoms, participants rated the severity and bothersomeness of each symptom...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634778/how-are-socio-demographic-and-psycho-social-factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-and-chronicity-of-severe-pain-in-14%C3%A2-different-body-sites-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-population-based-survey
#5
Thomas Ernst Dorner, Katharina Viktoria Stein, Julia Hahne, Florian Wepner, Martin Friedrich, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: Severe pain and chronic pain have a high impact on individuals and society. Body location of pain is important with regard to perception, articulation, and underlying biological, mental or social causes of pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in the general Austrian population with 15,474 personally interviewed subjects aged 15 years and older. RESULTS: The 1‑year period prevalence of severe pain in any body site was 38...
June 20, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634549/a-qualitative-study-of-quality-of-life-concerns-following-a-melanoma-diagnosis
#6
Rachel I Vogel, Lori G Strayer, Rehana L Ahmed, Anne Blaes, DeAnn Lazovich
The goal of this study was to identify a relevant and inclusive list of quality of life issues among long-term survivors of melanoma. Individuals diagnosed with stage I-III cutaneous melanoma and had survived 1-5 years, ages 18-65 years at diagnosis, were recruited. Five focus groups were conducted with 33 participants in total. Discussions centered on participants' experiences at diagnosis, as well as ongoing physical, emotional, and social concerns, and behavioral changes since diagnosis. The majority of participants reported shock, fear, and feeling overwhelmed at the time of diagnosis...
2017: Journal of Skin Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633986/gray-matter-abnormalities-in-non-comorbid-medication-naive-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-or-social-anxiety-disorder
#7
Youjin Zhao, Lizhou Chen, Wenjing Zhang, Yuan Xiao, Chandan Shah, Hongru Zhu, Minlan Yuan, Huaiqiang Sun, Qiang Yue, Zhiyun Jia, Wei Zhang, Weihong Kuang, Qiyong Gong, Su Lui
BACKGROUND: An overlap of clinical symptoms between major depressive disorder (MDD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) suggests that the two disorders exhibit similar brain mechanisms. However, few studies have directly compared the brain structures of the two disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the gray matter volume (GMV) and cortical thickness alterations between non-comorbid medication-naive MDD patients and SAD patients. METHODS: High-resolution T1-weighted images were acquired from 37 non-comorbid MDD patients, 24 non-comorbid SAD patients and 41 healthy controls (HCs)...
June 15, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633559/dating-persons-with-physical-disabilities-the-perceptions-of-south-africans-without-disabilities
#8
Xanthe Hunt, Leslie Swartz, Mark Thomas Carew, Stine Hellum Braathen, Mussa Chiwaula, Poul Rohleder
There is good reason to believe that the attitudes of persons without disability towards dating a person with a physical disability might be unfavourable. However, in general, and in the Global South in particular, there is a dearth of research in this area. This study sought to take the first step in addressing this lack of enquiry, by surveying the attitudes of a general population sample in South Africa towards dating people with physical disabilities, using a vignette. Data from 1723 survey respondents were analysed thematically...
June 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632893/atopic-dermatitis-is-associated-with-anxiety-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-but-not-with-hospitalization-or-suicide
#9
Jacob P Thyssen, Carsten R Hamann, Allan Linneberg, Thomas Meinertz Dantoft, Lone Skov, Gunnar H Gislason, Jashin J Wu, Alexander Egeberg
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) has been linked with psychiatric disease in adults. However, the exact relationship and its consequences have been insufficiently studied. Our aim in this study was to assess the association between depression, anxiety and AD in adults, and examine the risk of hospitalization and suicide. METHODS: We utilized questionnaire data from a large general population study with data on social habits and psychiatric symptoms to compare prevalences of depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and anxiety attacks, in adults with and without a history of AD...
June 20, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632428/clinical-and-socio-demographic-correlates-of-anxious-distress-in-asian-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Narong Maneeton, Sirijit Suttajit, Benchalak Maneeton, Surinporn Likhitsathian, Kanokkwan Eurviyanukul, Pichet Udomratn, Edwin Shih-Yen Chan, Tian-Mei Si, Ahmad Hatim Sulaiman, Chia-Hui Chen, Dianne Bautista, Manit Srisurapanont
BACKGROUND: Anxious distress in major depressive disorder (MDD) is common and associated with poor outcomes and management difficulties. AIMS: This post hoc analysis aimed to examine the socio-demographic and clinical correlates of anxiety distress in Asian outpatients with MDD. METHODS: Instead of two out of five specifiers defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Version-5, anxious distress defined in this study was operationalized as the presence of at least two out of four proxy items drawn from the 90-item Symptom Checklist, Revised (SCL-90-R)...
June 20, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#11
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631721/disc1-in-astrocytes-influences-adult-neurogenesis-and-hippocampus-dependent-behaviors-in-mice
#12
Chantelle E Terrillion, Bagrat Abazyan, Zhongxi Yang, Joshua Crawford, Alexey V Shevelkin, Yan Jouroukhin, Ki Hyun Yoo, Chang Hoon Cho, Robin Roychaudhuri, Solomon H Snyder, Mi-Hyeon Jang, Mikhail V Pletnikov
The functional role of genetic variants in glia in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders remains poorly studied. Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1), a genetic risk factor implicated in major mental disorders, has been implicated in regulation of astrocyte functions. As both astrocytes and DISC1 influence adult neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus, we hypothesized that selective expression of dominant-negative C-terminus truncated human DISC1 (mutant DISC1) in astrocytes would affect adult hippocampal neurogenesis and hippocampus-dependent behaviors...
June 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630806/prevalence-and-barriers-to-lung-cancer-screening-in-karachi-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-smokers-and-physicians
#13
Aleeza Abbasi, Rabbia Siddiqi, Aatika Owais, Tooba Laeeq, Sara N Ali, Zonaira Mushahid, Syed M Ahsan, Aliya S Jatoi, Aleena Abbasi, Ifrah Butt, Ruba Ali, Maham Abbasi, Syeda Naintara N Jaffri, Mariam Jabir, Hajra Khanani, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Early detection of lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can potentially reduce morbidity and mortality. However, LDCT for lung cancer screening, especially in low income countries, has been underutilized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the potential personal, social, and economic barriers of lung cancer screening using LDCT. METHODS: A total sample of 156 smokers and 200 general physicians was collected during December 2016-February 2017 from community settings in Karachi, Pakistan...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629292/increased-blood-pressures-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Alireza Khoshdel, Farhad Avakh, Arash Rahmani
Objective Veterans of war affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to compare brachial and central blood pressures between veterans with PTSD and controls. Method In this case-control study on veterans of Iran-Iraq war, 50 veterans with PTSD and 50 veterans as controls were selected from an outpatient clinic and matched for age ±3 years. Exclusion criteria were malignancies, severe anatomical defects such as amputated extremities, history of PTSD before serving in war, comorbid psychiatric disorders other than anxiety or depressive disorders...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628781/young-children-have-social-worries-too-validation-of-a-brief-parent-report-measure-of-social-worries-in-children-aged-4-8-years
#15
Suzannah Stuijfzand, Helen F Dodd
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Social Worries Anxiety Index for Young children (SWAIY), adapted from the Social Worries Questionnaire-Parent version (SWQ-P; Spence, 1995), as a measure of social anxiety in young children. 169 parents of children aged four to eight years from a community sample completed the SWAIY and a standardized measure of anxiety; the SWAIY was completed again two weeks later. Parents deemed the items appropriate and relevant to children of this age. The SWAIY demonstrated excellent (>0...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627907/the-role-of-empathy-in-experiencing-vicarious-anxiety
#16
Jocelyn Shu, Samuel Hassell, Jochen Weber, Kevin N Ochsner, Dean Mobbs
With depictions of others facing threats common in the media, the experience of vicarious anxiety may be prevalent in the general population. However, the phenomenon of vicarious anxiety-the experience of anxiety in response to observing others expressing anxiety-and the interpersonal mechanisms underlying it have not been fully investigated in prior research. In 4 studies, we investigate the role of empathy in experiencing vicarious anxiety, using film clips depicting target victims facing threats. In Studies 1 and 2, trait emotional empathy was associated with greater self-reported anxiety when observing target victims, and with perceiving greater anxiety to be experienced by the targets...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627898/subjective-reactions-to-international-research-participation-an-illustration-of-ethical-considerations-with-women-heading-households-in-sri-lanka
#17
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
here are unique ethical considerations in conducting international research with war and disaster-affected populations that are important for ensuring adequate protection of participants. Of particular importance is the distress that participants may experience as a result of being asked about traumatic stressors, psychological symptoms, and life problems. In this study, trauma-affected Tamil women in Eastern Sri Lanka were asked to report on their research-participation experience after taking part in a larger study on risk and resiliency...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627013/regular-exercise-improves-the-well-being-of-parents-of-children-with-cancer
#18
Gail C Halliday, Gordon C P Miles, Julie A Marsh, Rishi S Kotecha, Angela J Alessandri
AIM: Parents of children with cancer describe impaired physical and social functioning, sleep disturbance and poor mental health. Exercise-related interventions impact positively on these quality of life domains, but have not been examined in this population. The aim of this longitudinal pilot study was to explore the feasibility of a 12-week pedometer-monitored walking intervention among parents of children with cancer, assessing adherence to a set activity target of 70,000 steps per week, and to explore the benefits of physical activity on mental and physical health...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625599/disparities-in-anxiety-and-its-disorders
#19
EDITORIAL
Michael J Zvolensky, Lorra Garey, Jafar Bakhshaie
Much of the scientific work addressing the enigmas of anxiety and its disorders has been conducted among European Americans. This work has led to great progress into the nature of anxiety psychopathology, including etiologic, maintenance, and relapse processes. Moreover, evidenced-based treatments for anxiety and its disorders have arguably been among the best in the field of psychopathology for well over two decades. Yet, the progress thus far attained on the nature and treatment of anxiety disorders has not benefited all members of society equally...
May 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625548/effect-of-a-change-in-housing-conditions-on-body-weight-behavior-and-brain-neurotransmitters-in-male-c57bl-6j-mice
#20
Noemi Pasquarelli, Patrizia Voehringer, Julia Henke, Boris Ferger
The development of modern housing regimes such as individually ventilated cage (IVC) systems has become very popular and attractive in order to reduce spreading of pathogenic organisms and to lower the risk to develop a laboratory animal allergy for staff members. Additionally, optimal housing of laboratory animals contributes to improve animal health status and ensures high and comparable experimental and animal welfare standards. However, it has not been clearly elucidated whether 1) a change to IVC systems have an impact on various physiological phenotypic parameters of mice when compared to conventional, standard cages and 2) if this is further affected by changing from social to single housing...
June 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
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