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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742930/information-about-first-trimester-screening-and-self-reported-distress-among-pregnant-women-and-partners-comparing-two-methods-of-information-giving-in-sweden
#1
Peter Lindgren, Magdalena Stadin, Inger Blomberg, Karin Nordin, Hanna Sahlgren, Charlotta Ingvoldstad Malmgren
INTRODUCTION: Balanced information prior to prenatal diagnosis (PND) aims to help expectant parents to make an informed choice. However, it is important that the information does not increase the expectant parents' psychological distress. The aim was to examine psychological distress among expectant parents, before and after receiving information about PND, to evaluate the possible differences between two different procedures of information giving, and to evaluate the association between satisfaction with the information and psychological distress...
July 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742757/concurrent-validity-and-responsiveness-of-promis-health-domains-among-patients-presenting-for-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#2
Taylor E Purvis, Elena Andreou, Brian J Neuman, Lee H Riley, Richard L Skolasky
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine validity and responsiveness of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) health domains. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PROMIS health domains (anxiety, depression, fatigue, pain, physical function, satisfaction with participation in social roles, sleep disturbance) may measure quality of care and determine minimal important differences (MIDs) after spine surgery...
July 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742080/emergent-remitted-and-persistent-psychosis-spectrum-symptoms-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#3
S X Tang, T M Moore, M E Calkins, J J Yi, D M McDonald-McGinn, E H Zackai, B S Emanuel, R C Gur, R E Gur
Individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) are at markedly elevated risk for schizophrenia-related disorders. Stability, emergence, remission and persistence of psychosis-spectrum symptoms were investigated longitudinally. Demographic, clinical and cognitive predictors of psychosis were assessed. Prospective follow-up over 2.8 years was undertaken in 75 individuals with 22q11DS aged 8-35 years. Mood, anxiety, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders and psychosis-spectrum symptoms were assessed with the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia and Scale of Prodromal Symptoms (SOPS)...
July 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741702/automatic-thoughts-as-a-predictor-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-in-chinese-adolescents-a-test-of-the-cognitive-content-specificity-hypothesis-with-age-effects
#4
Meng Yu, Wei Xu, Qiuyuan Xie, Yawen Zhu, Gregory S Chasson, Jianping Wang
The main aim of the current study was to test the cognitive content-specificity hypothesis across internalizing and externalizing problems in Chinese adolescents. The participants consisted of 2,158 adolescents aged 11-19 years from three middle schools, and they completed a number of measures assessing a wide range of automatic thoughts and syndromes related to internalizing and externalizing problems. Multivariate regression analyses demonstrated that thoughts about social threats, personal failure and hostility were the strongest predictors of anxiety, depression, and externalizing problems, respectively...
July 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741044/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-asenapine-compared-with-olanzapine-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Paola Bozzatello, Paola Rocca, Maria Uscinska, Silvio Bellino
BACKGROUND: Asenapine is a new second-generation antipsychotic that is understudied in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Only one study investigating the use of the drug in this indication (an open-label pilot study) has been conducted to date. OBJECTIVE: The present open-label, randomized, controlled trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of asenapine in comparison with olanzapine, the most broadly studied antipsychotic in BPD. METHODS: A total of 51 outpatients aged between 18 and 50 years with a diagnosis of BPD based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria were assigned for 12 weeks to asenapine (5-10 mg/day) or olanzapine (5-10 mg/day)...
July 24, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740810/schizotypy-and-mindfulness-magical-thinking-without-suspiciousness-characterizes-mindfulness-meditators
#6
Elena Antonova, Kavitha Amaratunga, Bernice Wright, Ulrich Ettinger, Veena Kumari
Despite growing evidence for demonstrated efficacy of mindfulness in various disorders, there is a continuous concern about the relationship between mindfulness practice and psychosis. As schizotypy is part of the psychosis spectrum, we examined the relationship between long-term mindfulness practice and schizotypy in two independent studies. Study 1 included 24 experienced mindfulness practitioners (19 males) from the Buddhist tradition (meditators) and 24 meditation-naïve individuals (all males). Study 2 consisted of 28 meditators and 28 meditation-naïve individuals (all males)...
September 2016: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740356/social-interpretation-bias-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anxiety-disorders-psychometric-examination-of-the-self-report-of-ambiguous-social-situations-for-youth-sassy-scale
#7
Araceli Gonzalez, Michelle Rozenman, Audra K Langley, Philip C Kendall, Golda S Ginsburg, Scott Compton, John T Walkup, Boris Birmaher, Anne Marie Albano, John Piacentini
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health problems in youth, and faulty interpretation bias has been positively linked to anxiety severity, even within anxiety-disordered youth. Quick, reliable assessment of interpretation bias may be useful in identifying youth with certain types of anxiety or assessing changes on cognitive bias during intervention. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Self-report of Ambiguous Social Situations for Youth (SASSY) scale, a self-report measure developed to assess interpretation bias in youth...
June 2017: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739376/functional-inactivation-of-dorsal-medial-striatum-alters-behavioral-flexibility-and-recognition-process-in-mice
#8
Yanhua Qiao, Xingyue Wang, Lian Ma, Shengguang Li, Jing Liang
Deficits in behavioral flexibility and recognition memory are commonly observed in mental illnesses and neurodegenerative diseases. Abnormality of the striatum has been implicated in an association with the pathology of these diseases. However, the exact roles of striatal heterogeneous structures in these cognitive functions are still unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effects of suppressing neuronal activity in the dorsomedial striatum (DMStr) and nucleus accumbens core (NAcC) on reversal learning and novelty recognition in mice...
July 21, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738962/-simplification-and-validation-of-leicester-cough-questionnaire-in-mandarin-chinese
#9
Rongjia Lin, Guowei Che, Zhihua Xu, Mingming Wang, Kun Zhou, Pengfei Li
BACKGROUND: Patients often have cough after lung surgery, and there is a lack of tools to specifically assess postoperative coughs. LCQ-MC (Leicester Cough Questionnaire in Mandarin-Chinese) was revised and validated to explore its value on clinical application. METHODS: A total of 250 patients undergone the lung operation of single medical team, from September 2015 to December 2016 in the Department ofThoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, were investigated...
July 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738833/anxiety-and-depression-among-infertile-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-hungary
#10
Enikő Lakatos, Judit F Szigeti, Péter P Ujma, Réka Sexty, Piroska Balog
BACKGROUND: Infertility is often associated with a chronic state of stress which may manifest itself in anxiety-related and depressive symptoms. The aim of our study is to assess the psychological state of women with and without fertility problems, and to investigate the background factors of anxiety-related and depressive symptoms in women struggling with infertility. METHODS: Our study was conducted with the participation of 225 (134 primary infertile and 91 fertile) women, recruited in a clinical setting and online...
July 24, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738315/dimensions-of-parenting-among-mothers-and-fathers-in-relation-to-social-anxiety-among-female-adolescents
#11
Teah-Marie Bynion, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Sarah A Bilsky, Renee M Cloutier, Ellen W Leen-Feldner
Social anxiety is the most common anxiety disorder among youth; theoretical and empirical work suggest specific parenting behaviors may be relevant. However, findings are inconsistent, particularly in terms of maternal as compared to paternal effects. In the current study, we evaluated the indirect effects of perceived psychological control on the relation between anxious rearing behaviors and child social anxiety among 112 community-recruited girls (ages 12-15 years). In addition to self-report, adolescent participants completed a laboratory-based social stress task...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738296/mental-distress-quality-of-life-and-social-support-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-patients-during-active-chemotherapy
#12
Qiang Wen, Zhuyan Shao, Ping Zhang, Tao Zhu, Dan Li, Shihua Wang
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common sources of mental distress experienced by ovarian cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to identify changes in levels of mental distress during active chemotherapy, to characterize the impact of these changes on quality of life (QOL), and to study the potential buffering effect of social support in recurrent ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Anxiety and depression were assessed at baseline and three months after initiation of active chemotherapy using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738036/cannabis-guidelines%C3%A2
#13
Lisa Kennedy Sheldon
Cannabis has been used for centuries in the treatment of medical conditions. Cannabis has been recommended for appetite, anxiety, depression, sleep, and migraines. However, the stigma associated with cannabis as a recreational drug has created challenges to the legitimacy and social acceptance of cannabis for medical purposes in the United States.
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737954/an-app-a-day-keeps-the-doctor-away-guided-education-and-training-via-smartphones-in-subthreshold-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Michael J Roy, Michelle E Costanzo, Krista B Highland, Cara Olsen, Denece Clayborne, Wendy Law
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are common in military service members (SMs), but stigma can impede treatment initiation. Smartphone applications (apps) are available anywhere, anytime, with the potential to both mitigate the impact of stigma and reduce PTSD symptom severity. We provided 144 SMs or family members, with subthreshold PTSD symptoms (PTSD Checklist [PCL] scores of 28-49), with apps promoting psychoeducation, social engagement, and relaxation and randomized them to 6 weeks of resilience enhancement (brief cognitive-behavioral session, followed by daily text messages directing app use) or a control group (daily text messages of inspirational quotes)...
July 24, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737269/concordance-between-self-reported-and-observer-rated-anxiety-severity-in-outpatients-with-anxiety-disorders-the-leiden-routine-outcome-monitoring-study
#15
Anke Schat, Martijn S van Noorden, Erik J Giltay, Marc J Noom, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Frans G Zitman
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety severity measures can be self-report or observer-rated. Although mostly these measures concur, they can diverge markedly. We examined concordance between two anxiety scales: the observer-rated Brief Anxiety Scale (BAS) and the self-report Brief Symptom Inventory 12-item version (BSI-12), and described associations between patient characteristics and discordance. DESIGN: The study used an observational design, using prospective data from 2,007 outpatients with DSM-IV-TR panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia, and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
July 24, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735767/measuring-participation-in-chronic-back-pain-patients-the-5-item-pain-disability-index
#16
Ashley B McKillop, Linda J Carroll, Bruce D Dick, Michele C Battié
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Of the three broad outcome domains of body functions and structures, activities, and participation (e.g., engaging in valued social roles) outlined in the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), it has been argued that participation is the most important to individuals, particularly those with chronic health problems. Yet, participation is not commonly measured in back pain research. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of a modified 5-Item Pain Disability Index (PDI) score as a measure of participation in people with chronic back pain...
July 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735718/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-work-anxiety-in-medical-rehabilitation-patients-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#17
Beate Muschalla, Michael Jöbges
OBJECTIVE: To investigate frequency, type and characteristics of work-anxieties in somatic rehabilitation inpatients. Work-anxieties are serious disorders which affect occupational functioning and often go along with long-term sick leave. Somatic patients may suffer from work-related participation problems due to their chronic health condition. Work-anxieties need specific diagnostic and treatment. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional observation study. SETTING: We investigated inpatients from a neurological, orthopedic and cardiologic rehabilitation clinic...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735699/establishing-clinical-cutoffs-for-response-and-remission-on-the-screen-for-child-anxiety-related-emotional-disorders-scared
#18
Nicole E Caporino, Dara Sakolsky, Douglas M Brodman, Joseph F McGuire, John Piacentini, Tara S Peris, Golda S Ginsburg, John T Walkup, Satish Iyengar, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To determine optimal percent reduction and raw score cutoffs on the parent- and child-report Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) for predicting treatment response and remission among youth with anxiety disorders. METHOD: Data were obtained from youth (N = 438; 7-17 years old) who completed treatment in the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal treatment Study, a multisite, randomized clinical trial that examined the relative efficacy of medication (sertraline), cognitive-behavioral therapy (Coping Cat), their combination, and pill placebo for the treatment of separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social phobia...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733898/d-cycloserine-ameliorates-autism-like-deficits-by-removing-glua2-containing-ampa-receptors-in-a-valproic-acid-induced-rat-model
#19
Han-Fang Wu, Po See Chen, Ya-Ting Hsu, Chi-Wei Lee, Tzu-Feng Wang, Yi-Ju Chen, Hui-Ching Lin
Valproic acid (VPA)-exposed rat offspring have demonstrated autism spectrum disorder (ASD) phenotypes and impaired N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-dependent long-term depression (LTD) in the lateral nucleus of the amygdala. NMDAR partial agonist D-cycloserine (DCS) has been reported to act as a cognitive enhancer by increasing the NMDAR response to improve autistic-like phenotypes in animals. However, the mechanism of DCS in alleviating the ASD is still unknown. Using combined behavioral, electrophysiological, and molecular approaches, we found that DCS administration rescued social interaction deficits and anxiety/repetitive-like behaviors observed in VPA-exposed offspring...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733297/behind-the-smile-qualitative-study-of-caregivers-anguish-and-management-responses-while-caring-for-someone-living-with-heart-failure
#20
Jennifer Wingham, Julia Frost, Nicky Britten
BACKGROUND: Caregivers support self-management in heart failure but often experience stress, anxiety and ill health as a result of providing care. AIMS: 1. To identify the factors that contribute to the experience of anguish.2. To understand how caregivers learn to live with what is frequently a challenging and demanding role. METHODS: Individual interviews with caregivers who had been caring for someone with heart failure for a minimum of 6 months...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
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