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Morris Freedman, Larry Leach, M Carmela Tartaglia, Kathryn A Stokes, Yael Goldberg, Robyn Spring, Nima Nourhaghighi, Tom Gee, Stephen C Strother, Mohammad O Alhaj, Michael Borrie, Sultan Darvesh, Alita Fernandez, Corinne E Fischer, Jennifer Fogarty, Barry D Greenberg, Michelle Gyenes, Nathan Herrmann, Ron Keren, Josh Kirstein, Sanjeev Kumar, Benjamin Lam, Suvendrini Lena, Mary Pat McAndrews, Gary Naglie, Robert Partridge, Tarek K Rajji, William Reichmann, M Uri Wolf, Nicolaas P L G Verhoeff, Jordana L Waserman, Sandra E Black, David F Tang-Wai
BACKGROUND: A need exists for easily administered assessment tools to detect mild cognitive changes that are more comprehensive than screening tests but shorter than a neuropsychological battery and that can be administered by physicians, as well as any health care professional or trained assistant in any medical setting. The Toronto Cognitive Assessment (TorCA) was developed to achieve these goals. METHODS: We obtained normative data on the TorCA (n = 303), determined test reliability, developed an iPad version, and validated the TorCA against neuropsychological assessment for detecting amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) (n = 50/57, aMCI/normal cognition)...
July 18, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
Karen Mallet, Rany Shamloul, Michael Pugliese, Emma Power, Dale Corbett, Simon Hatcher, Michel Shamy, Grant Stotts, Lise Zakutney, Sean Dukelow, Dar Dowlatshahi
Background/aim We previously reported the feasibility of RecoverNow (a mobile tablet-based post-stroke communication therapy in acute care). RecoverNow has since expanded to include fine motor and cognitive therapies. Our objectives were to gain a better understanding of patient experiences and recovery goals using mobile tablets. Methods Speech-language pathologists or occupational therapists identified patients with stroke and communication, fine motor, or cognitive/perceptual deficits. Patients were provided with iPads individually programmed with applications based on assessment results, and instructed to use it at least 1 h/day...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Abigail Strang, Lauren Ryan, Tariq Rahman, Sona Balasubramanian, Jobayer Hossain, Robert Heinle, Thomas H Shaffer
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary function testing (PFT) is essential for the clinical assessment of respiratory problems. Respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) is a non-invasive method of PFT requiring minimal patient cooperation. RIP measures the volumetric change in the ribcage and abdomen, from which work of breathing (WOB) indices are derived. WOB indices include: phase angle (Ф), percent ribcage (RC%), respiratory rate (RR), and labored breathing index (LBI). Heart rate (HR) is collected separately...
July 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Shala Chetty-Mhlanga, Wisdom Basera, Samuel Fuhrimann, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Steven Delport, Mufaro Mugari, Jennifer Van Wyk, Martin Röösli, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie
BACKGROUND: Research on reproductive health effects on children from low-level, long-term exposure to pesticides currently used in the agricultural industry is limited and those on neurobehavioral effects have produced conflicting evidence. We aim at investigating the association between pesticide exposure on the reproductive health and neurobehavior of children in South Africa, by including potential relevant co-exposures from the use of electronic media and maternal alcohol consumption...
July 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
Stavros Spiliopoulos, Panagiotis Kitrou, Nikolaos Galanakis, Panagiotis Papadimatos, Konstantinos Katsanos, Chrysostomos Konstantos, Konstantinos Palialexis, Lazaros Reppas, Elias Kehagias, Dimitrios Karnabatidis, Elias Brountzos, Dimitrios Tsetis
PURPOSE: To report the incidence and long-term outcomes following endovascular treatment of symptomatic, atherosclerotic isolated popliteal artery disease (IPAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective, multicenter study included all patients who underwent endovascular treatment of IPAD between January 2010 and December 2016 because of intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia (CLI), in three tertiary University Hospitals. In total, 4717 peripheral arterial disease (PAD) procedures were analyzed...
July 10, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
A J Munro, K Cumming, J Cleland, A R Denison, G P Currie
Tablet computers have emerged as increasingly useful tools in medical education, particularly for assessment. However, it is not fully established whether tablet computers influence the quality and/or quantity of feedback provided in high stakes assessments. It is also unclear how electronically-recorded feedback relates to student performance. Our primary aim was to determine whether differences existed in feedback depending on the tool used to record it. METHODS: We compared quantitative and qualitative feedback between paper-scoring sheets versus iPads™ across two consecutive years of a final year MBChB (UK medical degree) Objective Structured Clinical Examination...
June 2018: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Priscilla P Grunauer, Justin W Walguarnery
Digital devices, including tablet computers and other touchscreens, can potentially serve as flexible and convenient means for providing behavioral enrichment activities to captive primates. Despite increased interest in incorporating technology into enrichment programs, no direct quantitative comparison has previously been made between the effectiveness of typical tactile enrichment activities and enrichment activities on digital devices. One way in which these activities differ is in the degree of controllability afforded the animals in interacting with the enrichment objects, since digital devices will be limiting to varying degrees based on the particulars of software and the interface format...
July 5, 2018: Zoo Biology
Jing Liu, Guangtao Zhai, Anan Liu, Xiaokang Yang, Xibin Zhao, Chang Wen Chen
Display devices at bit depth of 10 or higher have been mature but the mainstream media source is still at bit depth of eight. To accommodate the gap, the most economic solution is to render source at low bit depth for high bit-depth display, which is essentially the procedure of de-quantization. Traditional methods, such as zero-padding or bit replication, introduce annoying false contour artifacts. To better estimate the least-significant bits, later works use filtering or interpolation approaches, which exploit only limited neighbor information, cannot thoroughly remove the false contours...
October 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Miyuki T Nakata, Masahiro Takahara, Shingo Sakamoto, Kouki Yoshida, Nobutaka Mitsuda
Mechanical properties are rarely used as quantitative indices for the large-scale mutant screening of plants, even in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana . The mechanical properties of plant stems generally influence their vibrational characteristics. Here, we developed Python-based software, named AraVib, for the high-throughput analysis of free vibrations of plant stems, focusing specifically on Arabidopsis stem vibrations, and its extended version, named AraVibS, to identify mutants with altered mechanical properties...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Thomas J G Chase, Adam Julius, Joht Singh Chandan, Emily Powell, Charles S Hall, Benedict Lyle Phillips, Ryan Burnett, Deborah Gill, Bimbi Fernando
BACKGROUND: Mobile learning (mLearning) devices (such as tablets and smartphones) are increasingly part of the clinical environment but there is a limited and somewhat conflicting literature regarding the impact of such devices in the clinical learning environment. This study aims to: assess the impact of mLearning devices in the clinical learning environment on medical students' studying habits, attitudes towards mobile device supported learning; and the perceived reaction of clinicians and patients to the use of these devices as part of learning in the clinical setting...
June 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Giovanni Bibbo, Tracy Benger, Victoria Sigalas, Ian Kirkwood
Radioiodine (131 I) therapies on younger children with thyroid cancer and neuroblastoma can be challenging as they are required to be isolated for a period of time due to radiation safety concerns. At our hospital these therapies are performed in a purpose-built child-friendly therapy room. Nursing staff are able to provide personal care during the isolation period with minimum radiation exposure. Patients are provided with various age-appropriate entertainment items such as iPad, X-Box, DVD, craft and books to keep them entertained while in isolation...
June 25, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Diane K Ehlers, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A Salerno, Susan Aguiñaga, Josh Cosman, Joan Severson, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests reallocating daily sedentary time to physical activity or sleep confers important health benefits in cancer survivors. Despite emerging research suggesting physical activity as a treatment for cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI), little is known about the interactive effects of behaviors across the 24-h period. The present purpose was to examine the cognitive effects of reallocating sedentary time to light-intensity physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), or sleep in breast cancer survivors...
June 25, 2018: BMC Cancer
Mina S Makary, Summit H Shah, Rose J Miller, Steven P Doukides, Mark A King
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to prospectively examine the impact of a tablet-based curriculum on the radiology resident educational experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive tablet-based curriculum was developed by creating subspecialty modules with appropriate content level for each required rotation at our diagnostic radiology residency program. Daily assignments included key learning points, readings, and reference presentation slides, covering all objectives published by the ABR Core Exam Study Guide...
June 19, 2018: Academic Radiology
Manon Robillard, Annie Roy-Charland, Sylvie Cazabon
Purpose: This study examined the role of cognition on the navigational process of a speech-generating device (SGD) among individuals with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The objective was to investigate the role of various cognitive factors (i.e., cognitive flexibility, sustained attention, categorization, fluid reasoning, and working memory) on the ability to navigate an SGD with dynamic paging and taxonomic grids in individuals with ASD. Method: Twenty individuals aged 5 to 20 years with ASD were assessed using the Leiter International Performance Scale-Revised (Roid & Miller, 1997) and the Automated Working Memory Assessment (Alloway, 2007)...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Lauren T Ptomey, Amanda N Szabo, Erik A Willis, J Leon Greene, Jessica C Danon, Richard A Washburn, Daniel E Forsha, Joseph E Donnelly
Purpose: Adults with Down syndrome are less physically active than their typically developed peers. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of delivering moderate-to- vigorous exercise sessions, led by a trained health educator using real-time video conferencing, to groups of young adults with Down syndrome in their homes. Methods: Participants were randomized to 30-minute group exercise sessions either 1 or 2 times a week delivered on an iPad mini tablet computer using the Zoom video conferencing application, and were asked to attend individual support/education sessions once a week using FaceTime® on the iPad, for 12 weeks...
April 15, 2018: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
Ilana R Yurkiewicz, Pamela Simon, Michaela Liedtke, Gary Dahl, Tamara Dunn
PURPOSE: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer face significant challenges with regard to fatigue, reduced physical activity, and social isolation, which may negatively impact quality of life. This study investigated whether the use of digital wearable technology (Fitbits, along with synced iPads) can affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in AYA aged patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that offered Fitbits and iPads to all AYA patients aged 15 to 29 at an academic medical center at the time of cancer diagnosis...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Sophie Dorothee van der Linden, Margriet Maria Sitskoorn, Geert-Jan Maria Rutten, Karin Gehring
BACKGROUND: Many patients with primary brain tumors suffer from cognitive deficits, which negatively impact their quality of life. However, cognitive rehabilitation programs for these patients are scarce. We developed an iPad-based cognitive rehabilitation program for brain tumor patients, which was based on our effective face-to-face cognitive rehabilitation program. After successful completion of a feasibility study, a randomized controlled trial has been started. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate and long-term effects of the iPad-based program on cognitive performance and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in patients with primary brain tumors in an early stage of the disease...
June 16, 2018: Neurosurgery
Olimpia Paun, Fawn Cothran
Family caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) experience long-term mental health effects. Although caregivers who place relatives in long-term care (LTC) experience increased depression, anxiety, and chronic grief post-placement, interventions to improve caregivers' mental health have focused mainly on in-home care. Current researchers previously tested a group-based Chronic Grief Management Intervention (CGMI) with ADRD caregivers of individuals in LTC, with significant effects on caregiver mental health outcomes...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Raquel Torres, Ruth M DeBar, Sharon A Reeve, Linda S Meyer, Tina M Covington
Research focusing on physical exercise and individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. Activity- and video-enhanced schedules have successfully increased leisure, academic, social, and daily living skills for individuals with ASD and may be effective in increasing exercise. We evaluated the effects of a video-enhanced schedule presented on an iPad® on exercise behavior with adolescents with ASD using a multiple probe across participants design. Specifically, the effects of a video-enhanced exercise schedule with graduated guidance on independent schedule-following behavior and on-task behavior was evaluated...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Michelle Aebersold, Terri Voepel-Lewis, Leila Cherara, Monica Weber, Christina Khouri, Robert Levine, Alan R Tait
Background: Traditionally, clinical psychomotor skills are taught through videos and demonstration by faculty which does not allow for the visualization of internal structures and anatomical landmarks that would enhance the learner skill performance. Methods: Sophomore and junior nursing students attending a large Midwestern Institution (N=69) participated in this mixed methods study. Students demonstrated their ability to place a nasogastric tube (NGT) after being randomly assigned to usual training (Control group) or an iPad anatomy-augmented virtual simulation training module (AR group)...
February 2018: Clinical Simulation in Nursing
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