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Sabrina Schuck, Natasha Emmerson, Hadar Ziv, Penelope Collins, Sara Arastoo, Mark Warschauer, Francis Crinella, Kimberley Lakes
Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) receive approximately 80% of instruction in the general education classroom, where individualized behavioral management strategies may be difficult for teachers to consistently deliver. Mobile device apps provide promising platforms to manage behavior. This pilot study evaluated the utility of a web-based application (iSelfControl) designed to support classroom behavior management. iSelfControl prompted students every 'Center' (30-minutes) to self-evaluate using a universal token-economy classroom management system focused on compliance, productivity, and positive relationships...
2016: PloS One
Paméla Filiatrault-Veilleux, Caroline Bouchard, Natacha Trudeau, Chantal Desmarais
Purpose: This study aimed to describe the development of inferential abilities of children age 3 to 6 years in a narrative using a dialogic reading task on an iPad. Method: Participants were 121 typically developing children, divided into 3 groups according to age range (3-4 years old, 4-5 years old, 5-6 years old). Total score of inferential comprehension, subscores by causal inference type targeting elements of the story grammar, and quality of response were examined across groups...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Sheena Samra, Andrew Wu, Miriam Redleaf
INTRODUCTION: Otology relies on clinical examination to teach anatomy of the ear. The purpose of this report is to introduce the Buckingham Virtual Tympanum iPhone app as an adjuvant educational tool to teach the anatomical details of the tympanic membrane (TM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This app, available free at the Apple Store, was constructed using archival photographs of normal and abnormal TMs, stratified by difficulty. Each image has 4 labeled structures, linked to questions to encourage active learning...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Sarah Tidwell, Kari Hess, Gina Peek
BACKGROUND: Multiple faculty were present during a simulation for competency assessments of students, thus creating an increased workload and fatigue. Faculty used technology to reduce the workload and maintain interrater reliability, at little to no cost. METHOD: The use of high-fidelity simulators, tablet computers, and a university video platform were used to record student competency assessments. One faculty member could perform the assessment, but other course faculty could review the results...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Xingming Liu, Lilan Lu, Xinrui Liu, Xiankai Liu, Chao Pan, Erling Feng, Dongshu Wang, Chang Niu, Li Zhu, Hengliang Wang
There are a series of novel effector molecules secreted by the Type Three Secretion System (T3SS) of Shigella spp. reported in recent years. In this study, a proteomic approach is applied to study T3SS effectors systematically. First, proteins secreted by the S. flexneri wild-type strain after Congo Red (CR) induction are separated and identified using two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) to display the relative abundance of all kinds of early effectors for the first time. Then, a gene deletion mutant of known virulence repressor (OspD1) and a gene overexpressed mutant of two known virulence activators (MxiE and IpgC) were constructed and analyzed to discover potential late effectors...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jennifer H Barnett, Andrew D Blackwell, Barbara J Sahakian, Trevor W Robbins
The origins and rationale of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) as a cross-species translational instrument suitable for use in human neuropsychopharmacological studies are reviewed. We focus on its use for the early assessment and detection of Alzheimer's disease, in particular the Paired Associates Learning (PAL) test. We consider its psychometric properties, neural validation, and utility, including studies on large samples of healthy volunteers, patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's disease...
2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
John A Bourke, Philip J Schluter, E Jean C Hay-Smith, Deborah L Snell
BACKGROUND: Internationally, wheelchair users are an emerging demographic phenomenon, due to their increased prevalence and rapidly increasing life-span. While having significant healthcare implications, basic robust epidemiological information about wheelchair users is often lacking due, in part, to this population's 'hidden' nature. Increasingly popular in epidemiological research, Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) provides a mechanism for generating unbiased population-based estimates for hard-to-reach populations, overcoming biases inherent within other sampling methods...
2016: F1000Research
Melissa L Allen, Calum Hartley, Kate Cain
The advent of electronic tablets, such as Apple's iPad, has opened up the field of learning via technology, and the use of electronic applications ("apps") on these devices continues to dramatically rise. Children with communication and social impairment, specifically those with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), often use educational and recreational apps within the context of their home and school settings. Here we examine in which contexts learning via this medium may be beneficial, and outline recommendations for the use of electronic tablets and the design features for apps to promote learning in this population that is characterized by a unique profile of needs and heterogeneous ability levels...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Brodie M Sakakibara, Emily Ross, Gavin Arthur, Lynda Brown-Ganzert, Samantha Petrin, Tara Sedlak, Scott A Lear
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Self-management approaches are regarded as appropriate methods to support patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to prevent secondary complications and hospitalizations. Key to successful self-management is the ability of individuals to enlist peer supports to help sustain motivation and efforts to manage their condition. The purpose of this study was to investigate the proof of concept of a peer-support mobile-health (m-health) program, called Healing Circles, and explore the program's effect on self-management, social support, and health-related quality of life in women with CVD...
September 13, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
N M Foley, E P O'Connell, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Maher, S Kaimkhani, T Cil, N Relihan, M W Bennett, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
OBJECTIVES: The information needs of cancer patients are highly variable. Literature suggests an improved ability to modulate personalised stress, increased patient involvement with decision making, greater satisfaction with treatment choices and reduced anxiety levels in cancer patients who have access to information. The aim of this project was to evaluate the effects of a mobile information application on anxiety levels of patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An application was developed for use with Apple iPad containing information on basic breast cancer biology, different treatments used and surgical techniques...
September 6, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Jessica N Torelli, Joseph M Lambert, M Alexandra Da Fonte, Katherine N Denham, Thomas M Jedrzynski, Nealetta J Houchins-Juarez
We assessed acquisition and preference for various mand topographies in the presence of establishing operations that, historically, evoked the aggression of a child with autism. First, we implemented functional communication training (FCT) and reinforced picture exchange, iPad®, or GoTalk® activations in a multi-element format (noting differences in aggression and/or mand independence across conditions). Then, we conducted a concurrent-operant mand preference assessment. Finally, we presented assessment results to the subject's mother and asked her to indicate her own preference...
June 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Alexander Mertens, Christopher Brandl, Talya Miron-Shatz, Christopher Schlick, Till Neumann, Andreas Kribben, Sven Meister, Clarissa Jonas Diamantidis, Urs-Vito Albrecht, Peter Horn, Stefan Becker
Medication adherence is crucial for success in the management of patients with chronic conditions. This study analyzes whether a mobile application on a tablet aimed at supporting drug intake and vital sign parameter documentation affects adherence in elderly patients.Patients with coronary heart disease and no prior knowledge of tablet computers were recruited. They received a personal introduction to the mobile application Medication Plan, installed on an Apple iPad. The study was conducted using a crossover design with 3 sequences: initial phase, interventional phase (28 days of using the app system), and comparative phase (28 days of using a paper diary)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xun Dend, Hong-Yan Li, Hong Yin, Jian-Hong Liang, Yi Chen, Xiao-Xin Li, Ming-Wei Zhao
Objective To evaluate the application of a mobile platform-based system in the management of fundus disease in outpatient settings. Methods In the outpatient departments of fundus disease,premature babies requiring eye examination under general anesthesia and adults requiring intraocular surgery were enrolled as the subjects. According to the existing clinical practices,we developed a system that met the requirements of clinical practices and optimized the clinical management. Based on the FileMaker database,the tablet computers were used as the mobile platform and the system could also be run in iPad and PC terminals...
August 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Eric J Lenze, Alex Ramsey, Patrick J Brown, Charles F Reynolds, Benoit H Mulsant, Helen Lavretsky, Steven P Roose
OBJECTIVES: Clinical trials can benefit from patient perspectives to inform trial design, such as choice of outcome measures. We engaged older adults in focus groups and surveys to get their perspective regarding needs in clinical research. The goal was to inform the development of a new clinical trial of medication strategies for treatment-resistant depression in older adults. METHODS: Older adults with depression participated in focus groups and a subsequent survey in St...
October 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Ross M Little, Amanda Colligan, India Broyles
The purpose of this study was to examine student's perceptions of the iPad applications-assisted instruction as part of their learning. In this study, multiple features and applications were evaluated as an instructional tool. Fifteen participants responded to the survey indicating their perceptions of the iPad and applications used as part of their course delivery. Overall, participants favored the use of this technology as an instructional tool in their learning and indicated several aspects that could be improved...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Jeff Rabin, Brook Houser, Carolyn Talbert, Ruh Patel
PURPOSE: In Feb 2015 an image of a dress posted on Tumblr triggered an internet phenomenon: Is the Dress blue and black (BB) or white and gold (WG)? Many claim BB and others insist WG while the true colors are BB. The prevailing theory is that assumptions about the illuminant govern perception of the Dress with WG due to bluish lighting and BB due to yellowish. Our purpose was to determine if early stage optical, retinal and/or neural factors also impact perception of the Dress. METHODS: Thirty-nine subjects were categorized as BB or WG based on their initial perception of the Dress and their perception reported when viewing the Dress on iPhone 5, iPad, and 22" LCD displays...
2016: PloS One
Manuel Rodríguez-Vallejo, Juan A Monsoriu, Walter D Furlan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the reliability of measuring CS with uncalibrated iPads. METHODS: Six random iPads with retina display were calibrated with a colorimeter and the correlation between Luminance (L) and pixel level (y) was computed according to an exponential function. The mean and confidence interval (±2SD) obtained from the six iPads were calculated and the bit-stealing technique was applied for expanding y from 256 to 2540 possible values. The L of the optotype was computed for the selected contrast values (logC) represented in log units, using 0...
August 24, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Shakila Dada, Tenille Horn, Alecia Samuels, Ralf W Schlosser
This study examined the attitudes of children with typical development towards an unfamiliar peer with complex communication needs using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems. Specifically, the study aimed to compare attitudes when the peer used mobile technology (i.e., iPad(©) (1) ) with an AAC-specific application (Proloquo2Go™ (2) ) versus a low-technology communication board. A within-group crossover design was utilized involving 78 children. Half of the participants (i.e., Group 1) viewed Video 1 of an unfamiliar peer with complex communication needs in a scripted communication interaction using an iPad with Proloquo2Go followed by Video 2 of the same interaction using a communication board...
August 25, 2016: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
Choul Yong Park, Namyi Gu, Chi-Yeon Lim, Jong-Hyun Oh, Minwook Chang, Martha Kim, Moo-Yong Rhee
BACKGROUND: To investigate the alleviation effect of Vaccinium uliginosum extract (DA9301) on tablet computer-induced asthenopia. METHODS: This was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind and parallel study (Trial registration number: 2013-95). A total 60 volunteers were randomized into DA9301 (n = 30) and control (n = 30) groups. The DA9301 group received DA9301 oral pill (1000 mg/day) for 4 weeks and the control group received placebo. Asthenopia was evaluated by administering a questionnaire containing 10 questions (responses were scored on a scales of 0-6; total score: 60) regarding ocular symptoms before (baseline) and 4 weeks after receiving pills (DA9301 or placebo)...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Thore-Björn Haag, H Michael Mayer, Alexandra S Schneider, Michael C Rumpf, Martin Handel, Christian Schneider
The purpose of this study is to identify several responsible parameters for back pain (BP) in youth soccer players to create a risk assessment tool for early prevention. An iPad-based survey was used to screen for parameters in a cross-sectional study. This questionnaire includes items regarding anthropometric data, training habits and sports injuries and was put into practice with 1110 athletes. Sex (odds ratio (OR): 1.84), age group (1.48) and playing surface (1.56) were significantly associated with BP. A history of injuries especially to the spine and hip/groin increased the likelihood for evolving recurrent BP (1...
August 18, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
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