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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889854/do-we-have-a-moral-responsibility-to-compensate-for-vulnerable-groups-a-discussion-on-the-right-to-health-for-lgbt-people
#1
Perihan Elif Ekmekci
Vulnerability is a broad concept widely addressed in recent scholarly literature. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are among the vulnerable populations with significant disadvantages related to health and the social determinants of health. Medical ethics discourse tackles vulnerability from philosophical and political perspectives. LGBT people experience several disadvantages from both perspectives. This article aims to justify the right to health for LGBT people and their particular claims regarding healthcare because they belong to a vulnerable group...
November 26, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861243/differences-in-risk-behavior-and-demographic-factors-between-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-acute-and-non-acute-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-a-community-based-testing-program-in-los-angeles
#2
Dvora Joseph Davey, Matthew Beymer, Chelsea P Roberts, Robert K Bolan, Jeffrey D Klausner
INTRODUCTION: High viremia combined with HIV-infection status unawareness and increased sexual risk behavior contributes to a disproportionate amount of new HIV infections. METHODS: From August 2011-July 2015, the Los Angeles LGBT Center conducted 66,546 HIV tests. We compared factors including the presence of concomitant sexually transmitted infections, number of recent sex partners and reported condomless anal intercourse between men who have sex with men (MSM) diagnosed with an acute HIV infection and a non-acute HIV infection using multivariable logistic regression...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815302/health-equity-and-aging-of-bisexual-older-adults-pathways-of-risk-and-resilience
#3
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Chengshi Shiu, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisexual older adults are a growing yet largely invisible, underserved, and understudied population. Utilizing the Health Equity Promotion Model, we examined hypothesized mechanisms accounting for health disparities between bisexual older adults and lesbian and gay older adults. METHOD: Based on data from Caring and Aging with Pride, the largest national survey of LGBT older adults, this study (N = 2,463) utilized structural equation modeling to investigate direct and indirect associations between sexual identity (bisexual vs...
November 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799139/sexual-preferences-and-presentation-on-geosocial-networking-apps-by-indian-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-maharashtra
#4
Jayson Rhoton, J Michael Wilkerson, Shruta Mengle, Pallav Patankar, B R Simon Rosser, Maria L Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: The affordability of smartphones and improved mobile networks globally has increased the popularity of geosocial networking (GSN) apps (eg, Grindr, Scruff, Planetromeo) as a method for men who have sex with men (MSM) to seek causal sex partners and engage with the queer community. As mobile penetration continues to grow in India, it is important to understand how self-presentation on GSN app is relevant because it offers insight into a population that has not been largely studied...
October 31, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707515/families-matter-social-support-and-mental-health-trajectories-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#5
Elizabeth A McConnell, Michelle Birkett, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adolescents are at greater risk for mental health problems than their heterosexual peers, in part due to victimization. Social support, particularly from families, has been identified as an important promotive factor. However, little is known about how LGBT youth experience multiple forms of support or how early support predicts mental health across adolescence and into young adulthood. METHODS: In an analytic sample of 232 LGBT youth aged 16-20 years at baseline across 5...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659515/factors-related-to-suicide-in-lgbt-populations
#6
Delaney Michael Skerrett, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of heightened vulnerability to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among LGBT populations yet a paucity of studies into fatal behaviors. AIM: The specific aim of this article was to identify factors related to suicide in LGBT individuals in Australia. METHOD: The psychological autopsy (PA) method with a matched case-control study design was used. PA interviews were conducted with 27 next-of-kin of an LGBT person that had died by suicide...
September 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623141/discrimination-and-health-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-trans-people-in-puerto-rico
#7
Carlos E Rodríguez-Díaz, Gerardo G Jovet-Toledo, Carmen M Vélez-Vega, Edgardo J Ortiz-Sánchez, Edda I Santiago-Rodríguez, Ricardo L Vargas-Molina, Sheilla L Rodríguez Madera, José J Mulinelli-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the experiences of discrimination among and the perceived priorities for the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans (LGBT) people in Puerto Rico (PR). METHODS: Data were collected during the 2013 LGBT Pride Parade in San Juan, using a brief self-administered survey that included questions on sociodemographic characteristics, the disclosure of sexual orientation/gender identity, experiences of discrimination, experiences while receiving social and health services, and perceived healthcare priorities and needs...
September 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613909/smoking-cessation-programs-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-intersex-people-a-content-based-systematic-review
#8
Israel Berger, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is double the general population. Limited evidence suggests high smoking rates among intersex people. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people are a priority population in Australian health policy, particularly mental health and ageing. Despite associations between smoking and non-communicable diseases relevant to ageing and mental health, LGBTI-targeted smoking cessation interventions in Australia have been limited to people living with HIV...
August 31, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299524/the-men-who-have-sex-with-men-hiv-care-cascade-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#9
Rodolfo Castro, Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves, Renato Girade Corrêa, Monica Derrico, Katia Lemos, Jose Roberto Grangeiro, Beto de Jesus, Denise Pires, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn
Brazil has a concentrated HIV epidemic and men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected. Yet, no data is available on the HIV care cascade for this population. This study aimed to assess the HIV care cascade among MSM newly diagnosed through innovative testing strategies in Rio de Janeiro. Data from 793 MSM and travestites/transgender women (transwomen) tested for HIV at a non-governmental LGBT organization and a mobile testing unit located at a gay friendly venue were analyzed. A 12-month-after-HIV-diagnosis-censored cohort was established using CD4, viral load and combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) longitudinal data from those diagnosed with HIV...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272241/an-integrative-theoretical-framework-for-hpv-vaccine-promotion-among-male-sexual-minorities
#10
Christopher W Wheldon, Ellen M Daley, Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Julie A Baldwin, Alan G Nyitray, Anna R Giuliano
The objective of the current study was to quantify the behavioral intentions of young adult male sexual minorities (MSM) to initiate human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and test an integrative model of HPV vaccine decision making. Participants were 575 MSM who were residing in the United States and were between ages 18 and 26 years. Standard direct and indirect measures of attitudes, perceived norms, and perceived behavioral control were employed to explain variation in behavioral intention. Additional background factors-such as concealment of one's sexual identity, suspicion of health care provider competence in LGBT health issues, perceived threat, and information orientation-were also included in the model...
June 6, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228031/differences-in-psychosocial-predictors-of-obesity-among-lgbt-subgroups
#11
Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley, K Nikki Barefoot
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to examine the overall presence of and differences in rates of overweight/obesity among a large, nationally diverse sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT)-identified individuals (i.e., cisgender lesbians, cisgender gay men, cisgender bisexual women, cisgender bisexual men, transgender women, and transgender men) and to identify specific psychosocial predictors of obesity within each of the six LGBT subgroups. METHODS: A total of 2702 LGBT-identified participants participated in the online study...
August 2016: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147275/a-longitudinal-study-of-ipv-victimization-among-sexual-minority-youth
#12
Sarah W Whitton, Michael E Newcomb, Adam M Messinger, Gayle Byck, Brian Mustanski
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, little is known regarding its developmental patterns, risk factors, or health-related consequences. We examined IPV victimization in an ethnically diverse community-based convenience sample of 248 LGBT youth (aged 16-20 at study outset) who provided six waves of data across a 5-year period. Results from multilevel models indicated high, stable rates of IPV victimization across this developmental period (ages 16-25 years) that differed between demographic groups...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118273/international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-harassment-and-abuse-non-accidental-violence-in-sport
#13
Margo Mountjoy, Celia Brackenridge, Malia Arrington, Cheri Blauwet, Andrea Carska-Sheppard, Kari Fasting, Sandra Kirby, Trisha Leahy, Saul Marks, Kathy Martin, Katherine Starr, Anne Tiivas, Richard Budgett
Despite the well-recognised benefits of sport, there are also negative influences on athlete health, well-being and integrity caused by non-accidental violence through harassment and abuse. All athletes have a right to engage in 'safe sport', defined as an athletic environment that is respectful, equitable and free from all forms of non-accidental violence to athletes. Yet, these issues represent a blind spot for many sport organisations through fear of reputational damage, ignorance, silence or collusion. This consensus statement extends the 2007 IOC Consensus Statement on Sexual Harassment and Abuse in Sport, presenting additional evidence of several other types of harassment and abuse-psychological, physical and neglect...
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046541/healthy-aging-in-community-for-older-lesbians
#14
Judith B Bradford, Jennifer M Putney, Bonnie L Shepard, Samantha E Sass, Sally Rudicel, Holly Ladd, Sean Cahill
PURPOSE: In Boston and Outer Cape, Massachusetts, we explored the expectations of lesbians 60 years and older regarding healthy aging and community importance. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with participants after completing an anonymous demographic questionnaire. Thematic analysis was used to generate themes and identify how they varied by urban versus rural settings. RESULTS: Group discussions focused on community, finances, housing, and healthcare...
April 2016: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023930/seeing-silver-in-the-spectrum-lgbt-older-adult-health-aging-and-gerontological-nursing-research
#15
EDITORIAL
Kristen G Cloyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020779/an-assessment-of-health-interventions-required-to-prevent-the-transmission-of-hiv-infection-among-men-having-sex-with-men-in-bujumbura-burundi
#16
Pierre-Julien Coulaud, Gabriel Mujimbere, Arsène Nitunga, Candide Kayonde, Emmanuel Trenado, Bruno Spire, Adeline Bernier
Data regarding HIV among men having sex with men (MSM) in Burundi are scarce. In a context where same-sex practices are illegal, national recommendations including MSM have been issued in 2012. However, no study has been conducted to evaluate MSM's health needs, which would be useful to adapt recommendations and implement evidence-based interventions. This study aimed at identifying health needs expressed by MSM. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bujumbura in 2014, in collaboration with the National Association for HIV positive people and AIDS patients...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26958666/bridging-politics-policy-and-practice-transforming-health-care-in-massachusetts-through-the-creation-of-a-statewide-commission-on-lgbt-aging
#17
Kimberly D Acquaviva, Lisa Krinsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26930365/lgbt-health-and-vaccinations-findings-from-a-community-health-survey-of-lexington-fayette-county-kentucky-usa
#18
Jeff Jones, Asheley Poole, Vivian Lasley-Bibbs, Mark Johnson
Data on adult immunization coverage at the state level and for LGBT Americans in particular are sparse. This study reports the results of a 2012 Lexington-Fayette County, Kentucky, community health assessment's results asking about eight adult vaccinations among 218 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) respondents. Researchers collected data using an online survey distributed through LGBT social media, posters, and LGBT print media. The LGBT sample largely matches the demographics of the county as a whole except this group reports higher level of education and fewer uninsured individuals...
April 7, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886812/transformative-theatre-a-promising-educational-tool-for-improving-health-encounters-with-lgbt-older-adults
#19
Anne K Hughes, Clare Luz, Dennis Hall, Penny Gardner, Chris Walker Hennessey, Lynn Lammers
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) older adults are often unaware or fearful of aging services that contribute to greater vulnerability, isolation, and risk when services are needed. In addition, they may perceive or experience bias in health care encounters. Providers may not recognize their own biases or their impact on such encounters. In response, a group of LGBT community activists, aging professionals, researchers, and a theatre ensemble developed an interactive theatre experience, described herein, that portrays challenges faced by LGBT older adults needing services...
July 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886074/experiences-of-antihomosexual-attitudes-and-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-south-a-need-for-community-based-interventions
#20
Angelica Geter, JaNelle M Ricks, Margaret McGladrey, Richard A Crosby, Leandro A Mena, Jessica M Ottmar
PURPOSE: In 2012, Jackson, Mississippi, had the third highest incidence rate of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among young Black men who have sex with men (MSM). The goal of this qualitative study (the initial phase of an HIV prevention clinical trial) was to explore how cultural norms regarding antihomosexual attitudes interfere with the safe sex practices and relationship norms of young Black MSM in Mississippi. METHODS: Nine focus groups (N = 54) were conducted with young Black MSM aged 18-29...
June 2016: LGBT Health
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