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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087800/health-care-engagement-among-lgbt-older-adults-the-role-of-depression-diagnosis-and-symptomatology
#1
Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Optimal engagement in health care plays a critical role in the success of disease prevention and treatment, particularly for older adults who are often in greater need of health care services. However, to date, there is still limited knowledge about the relationship between depression and health care engagement among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study utilized data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, Sexuality/Gender Study, from the 2014 survey with 2,450 LGBT adults 50 years old and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087798/social-network-types-and-mental-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#2
Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Anna Muraco
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study was designed to identify social network types among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults and examine the relationship between social network type and mental health. DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the 2014 survey data of LGBT adults aged 50 and older (N = 2,450) from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study. Latent profile analyses were conducted to identify clusters of social network ties based on 11 indicators...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087797/the-cascading-effects-of-marginalization-and-pathways-of-resilience-in-attaining-good-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#3
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Amanda E B Bryan, Chengshi Shiu, Charles A Emlet
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults comprise a diverse and growing health disparate population. In the present study, using the Health Equity Promotion Model, we investigated pathways by which LGBT older adults experience resilience, risk, and marginalization and their relationship to attaining positive health outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) is the first longitudinal research project designed to examine the health, aging, and well-being of LGBT adults aged 50 and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087795/who-says-i-do-the-changing-context-of-marriage-and-health-and-quality-of-life-for-lgbt-older-adults
#4
Jayn Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Until recently, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults were excluded from full participation in civil marriage. The purpose of this study is to examine how legal marriage and relationship status are associated with health-promoting and at-risk factors, health, and quality of life of LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) participants who resided in states with legalized same-sex marriage in 2014 (N = 1,821)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#5
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087791/the-science-of-conducting-research-with-lgbt-older-adults-an-introduction-to-aging-with-pride-national-health-aging-and-sexuality-gender-study-nhas
#6
EDITORIAL
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068208/a-qualitative-study-of-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-smoking-cessation-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-smokers-who-are-interested-in-quitting
#7
Alicia K Matthews, John Cesario, Raymond Ruiz, Natalie Ross, Andrea King
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are significantly more likely to smoke compared with their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. The purpose of this study was to explore barriers to and facilitators of smoking cessation readiness among LGBT smokers. METHODS: This descriptive study used a qualitative approach. Four 90-minute focus groups (eligibility criteria: age ≥21, self-identify as LGBT, current smoker, interest in quitting smoking) were conducted...
January 9, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943088/patient-perspectives-on-intimate-partner-violence-discussion-during-genetic-counseling-sessions
#8
Christina Chen, Anne Greb, Isha Kalia, Komal Bajaj, Susan Klugman
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major health concern in the United States (ACOG 2013). The World Health Organization (WHO) describes IPV as any physical, sexual, psychological harm by a current or former intimate partner (WHO 2016). Due to the psychosocial depth and nature of discussions within genetic counseling sessions, patients may disclose and/or discuss IPV as it relates to sexual well-being, reproductive and overall health. This study aims to assess the role for IPV screening, counseling and intervention in genetic counseling practice by investigating the incidence, experiences and attitudes about IPV among genetic counseling patients...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889854/do-we-have-a-moral-responsibility-to-compensate-for-vulnerable-groups-a-discussion-on-the-right-to-health-for-lgbt-people
#9
Perihan Elif Ekmekci
Vulnerability is a broad concept widely addressed in recent scholarly literature. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are among the vulnerable populations with significant disadvantages related to health and the social determinants of health. Medical ethics discourse tackles vulnerability from philosophical and political perspectives. LGBT people experience several disadvantages from both perspectives. This article aims to justify the right to health for LGBT people and their particular claims regarding healthcare because they belong to a vulnerable group...
November 26, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861243/differences-in-risk-behavior-and-demographic-factors-between-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-acute-and-non-acute-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-a-community-based-testing-program-in-los-angeles
#10
Dvora Joseph Davey, Matthew Beymer, Chelsea P Roberts, Robert K Bolan, Jeffrey D Klausner
INTRODUCTION: High viremia combined with HIV-infection status unawareness and increased sexual risk behavior contributes to a disproportionate amount of new HIV infections. METHODS: From August 2011-July 2015, the Los Angeles LGBT Center conducted 66,546 HIV tests. We compared factors including the presence of concomitant sexually transmitted infections, number of recent sex partners and reported condomless anal intercourse between men who have sex with men (MSM) diagnosed with an acute HIV infection and a non-acute HIV infection using multivariable logistic regression...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815302/health-equity-and-aging-of-bisexual-older-adults-pathways-of-risk-and-resilience
#11
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Chengshi Shiu, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisexual older adults are a growing yet largely invisible, underserved, and understudied population. Utilizing the Health Equity Promotion Model, we examined hypothesized mechanisms accounting for health disparities between bisexual older adults and lesbian and gay older adults. METHOD: Based on data from Caring and Aging with Pride, the largest national survey of LGBT older adults, this study (N = 2,463) utilized structural equation modeling to investigate direct and indirect associations between sexual identity (bisexual vs...
November 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799139/sexual-preferences-and-presentation-on-geosocial-networking-apps-by-indian-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-maharashtra
#12
Jayson Rhoton, J Michael Wilkerson, Shruta Mengle, Pallav Patankar, B R Simon Rosser, Maria L Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: The affordability of smartphones and improved mobile networks globally has increased the popularity of geosocial networking (GSN) apps (eg, Grindr, Scruff, Planetromeo) as a method for men who have sex with men (MSM) to seek causal sex partners and engage with the queer community. As mobile penetration continues to grow in India, it is important to understand how self-presentation on GSN app is relevant because it offers insight into a population that has not been largely studied...
October 31, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707515/families-matter-social-support-and-mental-health-trajectories-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#13
Elizabeth A McConnell, Michelle Birkett, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adolescents are at greater risk for mental health problems than their heterosexual peers, in part due to victimization. Social support, particularly from families, has been identified as an important promotive factor. However, little is known about how LGBT youth experience multiple forms of support or how early support predicts mental health across adolescence and into young adulthood. METHODS: In an analytic sample of 232 LGBT youth aged 16-20 years at baseline across 5...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659515/factors-related-to-suicide-in-lgbt-populations
#14
Delaney Michael Skerrett, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of heightened vulnerability to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among LGBT populations yet a paucity of studies into fatal behaviors. AIM: The specific aim of this article was to identify factors related to suicide in LGBT individuals in Australia. METHOD: The psychological autopsy (PA) method with a matched case-control study design was used. PA interviews were conducted with 27 next-of-kin of an LGBT person that had died by suicide...
September 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623141/discrimination-and-health-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-trans-people-in-puerto-rico
#15
Carlos E Rodríguez-Díaz, Gerardo G Jovet-Toledo, Carmen M Vélez-Vega, Edgardo J Ortiz-Sánchez, Edda I Santiago-Rodríguez, Ricardo L Vargas-Molina, Sheilla L Rodríguez Madera, José J Mulinelli-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the experiences of discrimination among and the perceived priorities for the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans (LGBT) people in Puerto Rico (PR). METHODS: Data were collected during the 2013 LGBT Pride Parade in San Juan, using a brief self-administered survey that included questions on sociodemographic characteristics, the disclosure of sexual orientation/gender identity, experiences of discrimination, experiences while receiving social and health services, and perceived healthcare priorities and needs...
September 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613909/smoking-cessation-programs-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-intersex-people-a-content-based-systematic-review
#16
Israel Berger, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is double the general population. Limited evidence suggests high smoking rates among intersex people. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people are a priority population in Australian health policy, particularly mental health and ageing. Despite associations between smoking and non-communicable diseases relevant to ageing and mental health, LGBTI-targeted smoking cessation interventions in Australia have been limited to people living with HIV...
August 31, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299524/the-men-who-have-sex-with-men-hiv-care-cascade-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#17
Rodolfo Castro, Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves, Renato Girade Corrêa, Monica Derrico, Katia Lemos, Jose Roberto Grangeiro, Beto de Jesus, Denise Pires, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn
Brazil has a concentrated HIV epidemic and men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected. Yet, no data is available on the HIV care cascade for this population. This study aimed to assess the HIV care cascade among MSM newly diagnosed through innovative testing strategies in Rio de Janeiro. Data from 793 MSM and travestites/transgender women (transwomen) tested for HIV at a non-governmental LGBT organization and a mobile testing unit located at a gay friendly venue were analyzed. A 12-month-after-HIV-diagnosis-censored cohort was established using CD4, viral load and combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) longitudinal data from those diagnosed with HIV...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272241/an-integrative-theoretical-framework-for-hpv-vaccine-promotion-among-male-sexual-minorities
#18
Christopher W Wheldon, Ellen M Daley, Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Julie A Baldwin, Alan G Nyitray, Anna R Giuliano
The objective of the current study was to quantify the behavioral intentions of young adult male sexual minorities (MSM) to initiate human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and test an integrative model of HPV vaccine decision making. Participants were 575 MSM who were residing in the United States and were between ages 18 and 26 years. Standard direct and indirect measures of attitudes, perceived norms, and perceived behavioral control were employed to explain variation in behavioral intention. Additional background factors-such as concealment of one's sexual identity, suspicion of health care provider competence in LGBT health issues, perceived threat, and information orientation-were also included in the model...
June 6, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228031/differences-in-psychosocial-predictors-of-obesity-among-lgbt-subgroups
#19
Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley, K Nikki Barefoot
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to examine the overall presence of and differences in rates of overweight/obesity among a large, nationally diverse sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT)-identified individuals (i.e., cisgender lesbians, cisgender gay men, cisgender bisexual women, cisgender bisexual men, transgender women, and transgender men) and to identify specific psychosocial predictors of obesity within each of the six LGBT subgroups. METHODS: A total of 2702 LGBT-identified participants participated in the online study...
August 2016: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147275/a-longitudinal-study-of-ipv-victimization-among-sexual-minority-youth
#20
Sarah W Whitton, Michael E Newcomb, Adam M Messinger, Gayle Byck, Brian Mustanski
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, little is known regarding its developmental patterns, risk factors, or health-related consequences. We examined IPV victimization in an ethnically diverse community-based convenience sample of 248 LGBT youth (aged 16-20 at study outset) who provided six waves of data across a 5-year period. Results from multilevel models indicated high, stable rates of IPV victimization across this developmental period (ages 16-25 years) that differed between demographic groups...
May 3, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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