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Diagnosis of cardiac tamponade

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914563/case-reports-of-atrial-and-pericardial-rupture-from-blunt-cardiac-trauma
#1
D Baldwin, K L Chow, H Mashbari, E Omi, J K Lee
BACKGROUND: Blunt cardiac trauma is diagnosed in less than 10% of trauma patients and covers the range of severity from clinically insignificant myocardial contusions to lethal multi-chamber cardiac rupture. The most common mechanisms of injury include: motor vehicle collisions (MVC), pedestrians struck by motor vehicles and falls from significant heights. A severe complication from blunt cardiac trauma is cardiac chamber rupture with pericardial tear. It is an exceedingly rare diagnosis...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912241/-decision-making-issues-in-the-clinical-management-of-pericarditis-a-statement-of-the-italian-association-of-hospital-cardiologists-anmco
#2
Massimo Imazio, Antonio Brucato, Giuseppe Di Tano, Stefano Urbinati, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Domenico Gabrielli, Andrea Di Lenarda
Acute pericarditis is not uncommon in clinical practice and may occur either as isolated disease or as a manifestation of another disease (known or still unknown). The etiology is varied and complex and a clinically-oriented approach to management is possible by identifying initial presentation features of high risk (risk of complications or specific disease: fever >38°C, subacute course without acute chest pain, large pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, and lack of response to empiric anti-inflammatory therapy), that suggest admission and additional diagnostic evaluation...
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910817/treating-heart-inflammation-with-interleukin-1-blockade-in-a-case-of-erdheim-chester-disease
#3
Alessandro Tomelleri, Giulio Cavalli, Giacomo De Luca, Corrado Campochiaro, Teresa D'Aliberti, Moreno Tresoldi, Lorenzo Dagna
Pericarditis is an inflammatory heart disease, which may be idiopathic or secondary to autoimmune or auto-inflammatory diseases and often leads to severe or life-threatening complications. Colchicine and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs represent the mainstay of treatment, whereas use of corticosteroids is associated with recurrence of disease flares. While effective and safe anti-inflammatory therapies remain an unmet clinical need, emerging clinical and experimental evidence points at a promising role of inhibition of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904615/acute-pericarditis-as-a-presentation-of-adrenal-insufficiency
#4
Sukesh Manthri, Sindhura Bandaru, Abdisamad Ibrahim, Chaitanya K Mamillapalli
Acute pericarditis as a presenting sign of adrenal insufficiency is rarely reported. We present a rare case that highlights pericarditis as a clinical presentation of secondary adrenal insufficiency later complicated by cardiac tamponade. A 44-year-old lady who presented to the hospital with a one-day history of pleuritic chest pain and shortness of breath. In the emergency room, she had a blood pressure of 70/35 mmHg. Laboratory evaluation revealed white blood cell count of 16.08 k/cumm with neutrophilia, normal renal function and elevated troponin (0...
April 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873194/pulsus-paradoxus
#5
REVIEW
Malay Sarkar, Rajeev Bhardwaz, Irappa Madabhavi, Srinivas Gowda, Kushal Dogra
OBJECTIVES: Reviewed the etiologies, pathophysiologic mechanisms, detection and clinical significance of pulsus paradoxus in various conditions. DATA SOURCE: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the CINAHL from inception to June 2017. We used the following search terms: Pulsus paradoxus, pericardial effusion, acute asthma, ventricular interdependence and so forth. All types of study were chosen. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Legendary physician Sir William Osler truly said that "Medicine is learned by the bedside and not in the classroom...
June 5, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869481/-the-false-aneurysm-of-the-left-ventricle-complicating-mitral-valvular-surgery
#6
M Langouo, I Chouchane, J Lalmand, M Joris, P Dubois
The false aneurysm of the left ventricle is a rare complication after a mitral valvular surgery. It results from the rupture of the ventricular wall inside an adhering pericardium, thus constituting a cavity whose wall is devoid of myocardial elements and communicates with the ventricle by a large collar. Its clinical presentation remains not very specific with an insidious spontaneous evolution which is generally done towards rupture with sudden death by tamponade. Various sophisticated modern diagnostic techniques allows a precise diagnosis...
May 31, 2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869147/microscopic-polyangiitis-necrotizing-glomerulonephritis-associated-with-pregnancy-case-with-a-20-year-clinical-course-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Yoichi Oshima, Tatsuya Suwabe, Yuji Marui, Noriko Hayami, Eiko Hasegawa, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Rikako Hiramatsu, Keiichi Sumida, Masahiro Kawada, Akinari Sekine, Hiroki Mizuno, Masahiko Oguro, Junichi Hoshino, Naoki Sawa, Yasuo Ishii, Takeshi Fujii, Kenichi Ohashi, Kenmei Takaichi, Yoshifumi Ubara
A 29-year-old woman with past medical history of hypertension was referred to our hospital for the evaluation of kidney dysfunction (serum creatinine 1.0 mg/dL), proteinuria (0.54 g/gCre), and microscopic hematuria. Renal biopsy before the first pregnancy was supportive for benign nephrosclerosis with no evidence of vasculitis. After her second pregnancy and delivery when she was 32 years old, she developed proteinuria of 3.2 g/gCre, hematuria, and elevated serum creatinine level of 2.6 mg/dL. Second renal biopsy revealed necrotizing glomerulonephritis and her serum MPO-ANCA was positive, leading to the diagnosis of MPA/renal-limited vasculitis (RLV)...
June 5, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849315/sub-acute-tamponade-and-the-value-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-rapid-diagnosis-a-case-report
#8
Daniel C Kolinsky, Albert J Kim, Enyo A Ablordeppey
Minoxidil is a strong oral vasodilator that is used to treat patients with hypertension refractory to first-line medications. We report a case of minoxidil-associated subacute cardiac tamponade diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in a hypertensive patient. A 30-year-old male with a past medical history of poorly controlled hypertension (treated with minoxidil) and chronic kidney disease presented with 2-3 days of chest pain and shortness of breath with markedly elevated blood pressures. A point-of-care transthoracic echocardiogram revealed a massive pericardial effusion with sonographic tamponade physiology...
August 2017: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845957/functional-echocardiography-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#9
Yogen Singh, Anup Katheria, Cecile Tissot
The role of functional echocardiography in neonatal intensive care unit is rapidly evolving, and increasingly neonatologists are using it in making clinical decisions in sick infants. Functional echocardiography can provide a direct assessment of hemodynamics on bedside, and may be considered as an extension of the clinical examination to evaluate cardiovascular wellbeing in the critically-ill infant. The physiological information may be used in targeting specific intervention based upon the underlying pathophysiology...
May 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788836/intracranial-hemorrhage-in-adults-on-ecmo
#10
Yiorgos Alexandros Cavayas, Lorenzo Del Sorbo, Eddy Fan
RATIONALE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) use has exploded over the last decade. However, it remains invasive and associated with significant complications, including tamponade, infection, thrombosis, gas embolism and bleeding. The most dreaded complication is intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). In this article, we review the literature on the incidence, diagnosis, risk factors, pathophysiology, prognosis, prevention and management of ICH in adults on ECMO. MAIN FINDINGS: We found a high incidence of ICH in the literature with a poor prognosis...
May 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778090/massive-pericardial-effusion-without-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-subclinical-hypothyroidism-hashimoto-s-disease
#11
Panteleimon E Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos Gourniezakis, Christos Skiadas, Alexandros Patrianakos, Achilleas Gikas
CONTEXT: Hypothyroidism is a significant cause of pericardial effusion. However, large pericardial effusions due to hypothyroidism are extremely rare. Hormone replacement therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for hypothyroidism and regular follow-up of patients after initiation of the therapy is indicated. Herein, the case of a 70-year-old woman with a massive pericardial effusion due to Hashimoto's disease is presented. ISSUES: A 70-year-old female from a rural village on the island of Crete, Greece, was admitted to our hospital due to a urinary tract infection...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764826/systemic-sclerosis-severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-pericardial-effusion-at-diagnosis
#12
Patricia Moniz, Daniel Rei, Joana Rodrigues, Arturo Botella
A 51-year-old female patient with a recent hospital admission reported to the emergency room (ER) with progressive worsening of fatigue, dyspnoea and chest discomfort. She had been recently admitted and discharged with the diagnosis of pericarditis and medicated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and diuretics. She returned to the ER with persisting symptoms. Echocardiography was repeated and showed signs of elevated right ventricular systolic pressure and a slightly increased moderate/severe pericardial effusion without signs of cardiac tamponade...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760834/a-case-series-of-two-patients-presenting-with-pericardial-effusion-as-first-manifestation-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-braf-mutation-and-expression-of-pd-l1
#13
Muhammad Mufti, Steven Ching, Sassan Farjami, Sharareh Shahangian, Serap Sobnosky
Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Involvement of pericardium occurs once cancer has progressed to stage IV which can cause massive effusion in the pericardial sac. This can lead to cardiac tamponade which can be fatal very quickly if untreated. The following is a two patient case series in which both patients presented with large pericardial effusion. The first patient sought medical attention due to new onset palpitations and was found to have hemorrhagic pericardial effusion and pulmonary embolism (PE)...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736351/right-ventricle-perforation-post-pacemaker-insertion-complicated-with-cardiac-tamponade
#14
Muhammad Khalid, Ghulam Murtaza, Muhammad Talha Ayub, Vijay Ramu, Timir Paul
Pacemaker-lead-associated right ventricular perforation is a life-threatening complication. Acute perforation usually presents within 24 hours. Patients with lead perforation are often asymptomatic but fatal complications like hemopericardium, leading to cardiac tamponade and death, are reported. Diagnosis is based on chest x-ray, computed tomography (CT) scan, and echocardiography. The management of the lead perforation is based on clinical presentation. Extraction is avoided in cases of chronic asymptomatic lead perforations because of the associated complications...
March 4, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708921/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-periarrest-setting-lessons-learned-a-case-report
#15
Peter Juhl-Olsen, Rasmus Aagaard, Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen
Point-of-care ultrasound may elucidate reversible causes of cardiac arrest, and its use is supported by international guidelines in the periarrest setting. We present a case in which the treatment of cardiac arrest caused tension pneumothoraces and cardiac tamponade by pneumopericardium. Both pneumothorax and tamponade were expected to be identified with ultrasound, but were not. Subcutaneous emphysema precluded the diagnosis of pneumothorax. Cardiac imaging was false negative for tamponade, because the latter was caused by air and not fluid...
May 1, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682355/a-patient-presenting-with-cardiac-tamponade-and-the-challenges-of-finding-its-cause-a-cardiac-angiosarcoma
#16
Roshanak Habibi, Negar Faramarzi, Alvaro J Altamirano, Shahriar Dadkhah
Primary malignancies of the heart are so rare that most of the available data come from case reports or large single-center-based studies, with the overall incidence of 0.02% in the United States. Diagnosis in case of an isolated pericardial effusion as presentation is challenging, and determining that an angiosarcoma is even more challenging. Here, we presented a rare case of pericardial angiosarcoma which presented to us with tamponade. The patient eventually was diagnosed through pericardiectomy. A multimodality approach was attempted to treat the cancer...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658864/right-ventricular-perforation-by-a-defibrillator-lead-migrating-to-the-left-breast
#17
Jerneja Tasic, Rok Zbacnik, Igor Zupan, Jus Ksela
Cardiac perforation after an ICD implantation is a rare complication, with a reported incidence between 0.6-5.2%. Its manifestation might be acute, subacute, or delayed, with an acute perforation occurring within the first 24 hours after implantation, frequently accompanied by severe clinical signs, while subacute and delayed perforations have a more benign progression. Here, we report a case of a 69-year old patient with an acute right ventricular perforation by a defibrillator lead migrating all the way through the pericardium and thoracic wall into the left breast, with an unusually mild and benign clinical course, delaying prompt diagnosis and postponing subsequent surgical treatment...
March 5, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656776/purulenta-pericarditis-and-pasteurella-multocida-an-extremely-rare-entity
#18
Raquel Ferreira, José Martins, Tiago Adrega, Sara Pinto, Sofia Nunes, Rita Pancas, Anabela Gonzaga, José Santos
Purulent pericarditis is a rare entity, defined as the presence of neutrophilic pericardial effusion which is infected by a bacterial, fungus or parasite agent. The diagnosis can be challenging, especially if patients have taken previous antibiotic therapy; on the other hand the recognition of this pathology is often made late, with the onset of severe symptoms or signs of cardiac tamponade or even only at the autopsy. The authors describe the case of a 82-year-old woman with history of extensive laceration of the right lower limb from a dog bite in July 2016, admitted to the Cardiology Department one month later for Acute Pericarditis...
April 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644546/imaging-of-urgencies-and-emergencies-in-the-lung-cancer-patient
#19
REVIEW
Bruno De Potter, Jef Huyskens, Birgitta Hiddinga, Maarten Spinhoven, Annelies Janssens, Jan P van Meerbeeck, Paul M Parizel, Annemie Snoeckx
Lung cancer patients often experience potentially life-threatening medical urgencies and emergencies, which may be a direct or indirect result of the underlying malignancy. This pictorial review addresses the most common thoracic, neurological and musculoskeletal medical emergencies in lung cancer patients, including superior vena cava syndrome, pulmonary embolism, spontaneous pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, massive haemoptysis, central airway obstruction, oesophagorespiratory fistula, malignant spinal cord compression, carcinomatous meningitis, cerebral herniation and pathological fracture...
April 11, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644294/isolated-right-atrial-appendage-rupture-following-blunt-chest-trauma
#20
Rakesh Hegde, Nathan Lafayette, Michael Sywak, Gregory Ricketts, Jorge Otero, Scott Kurtzman, Zhongqiu Zhang
Background: Right sided tears or rupture are the most common injury to the heart after blunt chest trauma. The majority of these injuries are to the thin walled atrium. Reports of localized right atrial appendage rupture are rare. The classical features of Beck's triad are unreliable in the trauma bay. With the advent of EFAST (Focused assessment with sonography for trauma extended to thorax), Beck's triad should be considered but not used as the primary clinical tool for diagnosis of cardiac tamponade [1]...
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
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