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Diagnosis of cardiac tamponade

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341006/an-unusual-case-of-sudden-unexpected-death-due-to-massive-hemopericardium-from-primary-mediastinal-seminoma
#1
Supot Puanglumyai, Suree Lekawanvijit
It is well-known that cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of sudden unexpected death, especially in the young. However complete postmortem investigation performed by qualified forensic pathologists is crucial in establishing the exact cause and manner of death. Sudden death caused by a cardiac tamponade occurring secondarily to a primary mediastinal tumor is extremely unusual. An autopsy on a 25-year-old man who died unexpectedly discovered a massive hemopericardium in association with an anterosuperior mediastinal mass...
January 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340603/blunt-cardiac-injury-due-to-trauma-associated-with-snowboarding-a-case-report
#2
Fuminori Yamaji, Hideshi Okada, Yasuhiro Nakajima, Kodai Suzuki, Takahiro Yoshida, Yosuke Mizuno, Haruka Okamoto, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Taku Tanaka, Shiho Nakano, Sho Nachi, Tomoaki Doi, Keisuke Kumada, Shozo Yoshida, Narihiro Ishida, Katsuya Shimabukuro, Hiroaki Ushikoshi, Izumi Toyoda, Kiyoshi Doi, Shinji Ogura
BACKGROUND: Cardiac trauma is associated with a much higher mortality rate than injuries to other organ systems, even though cardiac trauma is identified in less than 10% of all trauma admissions. Here we report blunt trauma of the left atrium due to snowboarding trauma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old Asian man collided with a tree while he was snowboarding and drinking. He lost consciousness temporarily. An air ambulance was requested and he was transported to an advanced critical care center...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316844/aspergillus-pericarditis-with-tamponade-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#3
Sylvia Biso, Rapeepat Lekkham, Antoinette Climaco
Aspergillus pericarditis is a rare and life-threatening infection in immunosuppressed patients. It has nonspecific clinical manifestations that often mimic other disease entities especially in patients who have extensive comorbidities. Diagnosis is oftentimes delayed and rarely done antemortem. A high degree of suspicion in immunocompromised patients is necessary for evaluation and timely diagnosis. This is a case of Aspergillus pericarditis with cardiac tamponade in a renal transplant patient with liver cirrhosis...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285268/cardiac-manifestations-of-parasitic-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Maria Carmo P Nunes, Milton Henriques Guimarães Júnior, Adriana Costa Diamantino, Claudio Leo Gelape, Teresa Cristina Abreu Ferrari
The heart may be affected directly or indirectly by a variety of protozoa and helminths. This involvement may manifest in different ways, but the syndromes resulting from impairment of the myocardium and pericardium are the most frequent. The myocardium may be invaded by parasites that trigger local inflammatory response with subsequent myocarditis or cardiomyopathy, as occurs in Chagas disease, African trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis and infection with free-living amoebae. In amoebiasis and echinococcosis, the pericardium is the structure most frequently involved with consequent pericardial effusion, acute pericarditis, cardiac tamponade or constrictive pericarditis...
March 11, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258964/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-spontaneous-coronary-artery-pseudoaneurysm-rare-anomaly-with-potentially-significant-clinical-implications
#5
Subrata Kar, Richard R Webel
Spontaneous coronary artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA, false aneurysm) is an extremely rare occurrence with the precise incidence unknown. It is defined as an outwardly bulging monolayer or double layer within the coronary artery that lacks all 3 layers (intima, media, and adventitia) of the arterial wall. Coronary PSA commonly occurs from arterial dissection or perforation induced by catheter intervention, infection, pregnancy, or trauma. Traumatic dissection or perforation of the coronary artery after a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains the most common cause...
March 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249381/echocardiography-guided-pericardiocentesis-as-the-method-of-choice-for-treatment-of-significant-pericardial-effusion-following-cardiac-surgery-a-12-year-single-centre-experience
#6
Martin Kolek, Radim Brat
BACKGROUND: There are limited contemporary data on the safety and efficacy of echo-guided pericardiocentesis following cardiac surgery in Europe. The aim of the study was to review tertiary cardiac surgery centre experience with postoperative pericardial effusion (PE) diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: A total of 6830 patients underwent open-heart surgery at our centre between December 2004 and November 2016. Of these patients, 208 (3%) required pericardiocentesis for significant PE...
March 1, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243766/every-second-counts-signs-of-a-failing-heart-on-thoracic-ct-in-the-ed
#7
David J Maldow, Abhishek Chaturvedi, Katherine Kaproth-Joslin
Impending cardiac failure is often difficult to recognize and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Upon arrival in the emergency department, patients are promptly screened for potentially life-threatening conditions through a history and physical examination. In many cases, the diagnosis is not clear until confirmatory laboratory or imaging tests are performed. Unfortunately, patients can rapidly decompensate as this diagnostic information is being obtained. Emergent CT plays a key role in identifying conditions that may result in cardiovascular collapse, including severe congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, cardiac tamponade, and impending cardiac failure...
February 27, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237383/the-curious-case-of-a-cardiac-tamponade-in-the-hypertensive-patient-presenting-as-abdominal-fullness
#8
William Li, Rogin Subedi, Bhaskara Madhira
Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency consisting of an accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space which is rapidly progressing and fatal. Because cardiac tamponade is ultimately a clinical diagnosis, mindful consideration for atypical presentations is essential for the reduction of mortality in the acute setting. Our patient was a 77year-old female admitted after presenting with general malaise, weakness, somnolence, altered mental status and urinary incontinence found to have CML (chronic myeloid leukemia) on confirmatory bone marrow biopsy after suspicions arose from a leukocytosis of 34,000 cells per mcL with 85% neutrophils and elevated blasts (8%)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222655/a-cytologic-diagnosis-of-braf-v600e-erdheim-chester-disease-on-pericardial-fluid
#9
P Chasseur, M Kyriakopoulou, B Vokaer, I Beukinga, R Casado Arroyo, E Cogan, B Couturier
We report the case of a 74-year-old woman admitted to the emergency unit for resting dyspnea. Clinical presentation, cardiac MRI and echocardiography were consistent with cardiac tamponade requiring emergency pericardiocentesis. Cytologic examination of the pericardial fluid revealed the presence of CD68(pos) CD1a(neg) S100(neg) foamy histiocytes (Fig. 1). Additional investigations complied with the diagnosis of Erdheim-Chester histiocytosis. Treatment with αIFN was initiated but the patient developed severe neutropenia that contraindicated further administration...
February 22, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185680/recurrent-pericarditis
#10
M Imazio, A Battaglia, L Gaido, F Gaita
Recurrent pericarditis is the most troublesome complication of pericarditis occurring in 15 to 30% of cases. The pathogenesis is often presumed to be immune-mediated although a specific rheumatologic diagnosis is commonly difficult to find. The clinical diagnosis is based on recurrent pericarditis chest pain and additional objective evidence of disease activity (e.g. pericardial rub, ECG changes, pericardial effusion, elevation of markers of inflammation, and/or imaging evidence of pericardial inflammation by CT or cardiac MR)...
February 6, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141772/cardiac-tamponade-diagnosed-by-point-of-care-ultrasound
#11
Austin T Smith, Caroline Watnick, Robinson M Ferre
We present a case involving a 12-year-old boy who presented to the emergency department and was diagnosed with a pericardial effusion with tamponade physiology by point-of-care ultrasound. The diagnosis resulted in prompt treatment and definitive therapy.
February 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135875/contemporary-management-of-pericardial-effusion-practical-aspects-for-clinical-practice
#12
Massimo Imazio, Luca Gaido, Alberto Battaglia, Fiorenzo Gaita
A pericardial effusion (PE) is a relatively common finding in clinical practice. It may be either isolated or associated with pericarditis with or without an underlying disease. The aetiology is varied and may be either infectious (especially tuberculosis as the most common cause in developing countries) or non-infectious (cancer, systemic inflammatory diseases). The management is essentially guided by the hemodynamic effect (presence or absence of cardiac tamponade), the presence of concomitant pericarditis or underlying disease, and its size and duration...
January 30, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131443/fulminant-pneumococcal-pericarditis-in-a-previously-healthy-patient
#13
Cvetan Trpkov, Ermin Nath, Michael Moon, Jonathan Windram, Michelle M Graham
Purulent pericarditis is a rare acutely life-threatening condition. Initial symptoms, signs, and investigations can be nonspecific. Echocardiography is invaluable for establishing the diagnosis and initial management. We present a case of a previously healthy patient with purulent pericarditis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in the absence of a primary focus of infection. The patient deteriorated rapidly with cardiac tamponade and septic shock and was managed successfully by a combined medical and surgical approach...
November 17, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129900/-atypical-and-rare-cardiac-revelation-about-sheehan-s-syndrome-a-report-of-three-cases
#14
N Bouznad, G El Mghari, M El Hattaoui, N El Ansari
Sheehan syndrome is a potentially serious complication in the postpartum period corresponding to ischemic necrosis of the anterior pituitary related to postpartum haemorrhage. We report three original observations showing an unusual mode of revelation of this syndrome. The first observation is that of a 46-year-old patient admitted initially to resuscitation for a recovered cardiorespiratory arrest, severe hypoglycemia and profound hyponatremia. The second is that of a 45-year-old patient, admitted for recurrent cardiac tamponade after pericardial and pleural puncture and pericardial drainage; clinical survey found signs of slight panhypopituitarism...
January 24, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123162/cardiac-sarcoidosis-diagnosed-by-incidental-lymph-node-biopsy
#15
Jun Matsuda, Katsuhito Fujiu, Solji Roh, Miyu Tajima, Hisataka Maki, Toshiya Kojima, Tetsuo Ushiku, Kan Nawata, Norihiko Takeda, Masafumi Watanabe, Hiroshi Akazawa, Issei Komuro
Cardiac involvement in systemic sarcoidosis sometimes provokes life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Steroid administration is one of the fundamental anti-arrhythmia therapies. For an indication of steroid therapy, a definitive diagnosis of sarcoidosis is required.(1)) However, cases that are clearly suspected of cardiac sarcoidosis based on their clinical courses sometimes do not meet the current diagnostic criteria and result in the loss of an appropriate opportunity to perform steroid therapy.Here we report a case that was diagnosed as sarcoidosis by incidental biopsy of an inguinal lymph node during cardiac resuscitation for cardiac tamponade...
February 7, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100979/late-cardiac-rupture-after-amplatzer-septal-occluder-implantation
#16
Ahmet Arnaz, Yasemin Turkekul, Yusuf Yalcinbas, Arda Saygili, Tayyar Sarioglu
Transcatheter device implantation has become an attractive alternative to surgery in the closure of atrial septal defects in selected patients. However, it can lead to early and late sequelae, some of them life threatening. For example, 79 days before her admission to our emergency department with sudden-onset respiratory distress and respiratory arrest (leading to cardiac tamponade and rupture), a 22-year-old woman had undergone percutaneous closure of an atrial septal defect. We describe the damage and its treatment...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087158/echocardiographic-approach-to-cardiac-tamponade-in-critically-ill-patients
#17
REVIEW
Peter McCanny, Frances Colreavy
Cardiac tamponade should be considered in a critically ill patient in whom the cause of haemodynamic shock is unclear. When considering tamponade, transthoracic echocardiography plays an essential role and is the initial investigation of choice. Diagnostic sensitivity of transthoracic echocardiography is dependent on image quality, and in some cases a transoesophageal approach may be required to confirm the diagnosis. Knowledge of the pathophysiology and echocardiographic features of cardiac tamponade are essential for the practicing Intensivist...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079972/prevalence-of-vomiting-in-dogs-with-pericardial-effusion
#18
Rachel Fahey, Elizabeth Rozanski, April Paul, John E Rush
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) is common in dogs. Clinical signs may be vague until cardiac tamponade and associated cardiovascular decompensation develops. Vomiting has previously been identified in some dogs, but the actual prevalence of vomiting in dogs with PE is unknown. The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence of vomiting associated with PE, and to determine if vomiting is associated with the underlying cause of effusion, presenting plasma lactate concentration, or volume of PE removed...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050441/blunt-cardiac-rupture-a-diagnostic-challenge
#19
Suraj Pinni, Vineet Kumar, Satish Balkrishna Dharap
Blunt Cardiac Rupture (BCR) is a life threatening injury. Majority of patients do not reach the hospital and in those who reach the emergency department, timely diagnosis and treatment is a challenge. The case is about a patient with multiple blunt injuries who presented in shock. Cardiac tamponade was suspected on clinical grounds and on evidence of mediastinal widening on radiograph. In the absence of songography, the diagnosis was confirmed by subxiphoid pericardial window. Emergency thoracotomy revealed a right atrial appendage rupture which was surgically corrected...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018826/hemopericardium-due-to-idiopathic-coronary-artery-rupture-treated-with-saphenous-vein-patch-plasty
#20
Benedikt Mayr, Stefan Buchholz, Christian Hagl, Maximilian Pichlmaier
We report a case of an idiopathic coronary artery rupture in a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted to the hospital with cardiac tamponade. On opening the chest via a median sternotomy and establishing cardiopulmonary bypass the hemopericardium's cause could be identified as a perforation of the right posterior descending coronary artery which was treated with a saphenous vein patch plasty. With idiopathic coronary artery rupture being a rare diagnosis, one should always consider it in a young patient presenting with cardiac tamponade...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
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