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Prostate cancer and depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777382/mood-sexuality-and-relational-intimacy-after-starting-androgen-deprivation-therapy-implications-for-couples
#1
Lauren M Walker, Pablo Santos-Iglesias, John Robinson
BACKGROUND: Patients on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), a common treatment for prostate cancer, report significant declines in quality of life and detrimental impact on their intimate relationships. ADT depresses a man's testosterone to castrate levels, leading to declines in sexual function, and changes in mood. These changes can have profound impact on couples' intimate relationships. METHOD: Patients undergoing ADT, and their consenting partners, were followed on a variety of outcomes relating to mood, sexual changes, and relational intimacy...
May 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763267/top-20-research-studies-of-2017-for-primary-care-physicians
#2
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from these studies. Blood pressure should be measured after a period of rest, using a bare arm, and orthostatic blood pressure is more predictive when measured after one minute of standing rather than three minutes...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752528/impact-of-a-web-based-prostate-cancer-treatment-decision-aid-on-patient-reported-decision-process-parameters-results-from-the-prostate-cancer-patient-centered-care-trial
#3
Maarten Cuypers, Romy E D Lamers, Paul J M Kil, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Marieke de Vries
PURPOSE: To compare patients' evaluation of the treatment decision-making process in localized prostate cancer between counseling that included an online decision aid (DA) and standard counseling. METHODS: Eighteen Dutch hospitals were randomized to DA counseling (n = 235) or the control group with standard counseling (n = 101) in a pragmatic, cluster randomized controlled trial. The DA was provided to patients at, or soon after diagnosis. Decisional conflict, involvement, knowledge, and satisfaction with information were assessed with a questionnaire after treatment decision-making...
May 12, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747490/health-related-quality-of-life-perceived-social-support-and-depression-in-disease-free-survivors-who-underwent-curative-surgery-only-for-prostate-kidney-and-bladder-cancer-comparison-among-survivors-and-with-the-general-population
#4
Dong Wook Shin, Hyun Sik Park, Sang Hyub Lee, Seung Hyun Jeon, Seok Cho, Seok Ho Kang, Seung Chol Park, Jong Hyock Park, Jinsung Park
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of disease-free prostate (PC), kidney (KC), and bladder cancer (BC) survivors with that of the general population. Materials and Methods: Our study included 331 urological cancer (UC) survivors (114 PC, 108 KC, and 109 BC) aged ≥ 50 years disease-free for at least 1 year after surgery. The control group included 1,177 subjects without a history of cancer. The HRQoL was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30, the Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
May 4, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731627/gold-nanoparticle-based-colorimetric-method-for-the-detection-of-prostate-specific-antigen
#5
Ning Xia, Dehua Deng, Yiru Wang, Chao Fang, Su-Juan Li
Background: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a serine protease, is a biomarker for preoperative diagnosis and screening of prostate cancer and monitoring of its posttreatment. Methods: In this work, we reported a colorimetric method for clinical detection of PSA using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as the reporters. The method is based on ascorbic acid (AA)-induced in situ formation of AuNPs and Cu2+ -catalyzed oxidation of AA. Specifically, HAuCl4 can be reduced into AuNPs by AA; Cu2+ ion can catalyze the oxidation of AA by O2 to inhibit the formation of AuNPs...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720722/development-of-comorbidities-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-treated-with-androgen-deprivation-therapy-an-australian-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Huah Shin Ng, Bogda Koczwara, David Roder, Agnes Vitry
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of androgen deprivation therapy has prompted further evaluation of its potential adverse effects as the treatment may exacerbate or increase the risk of developing new comorbid diseases. This study aims to assess the patterns of comorbidities among Australian men with prostate cancer treated with androgen deprivation therapy. METHODS: Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) 10% data between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2014 was utilised in this retrospective cohort study...
May 2, 2018: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712628/a-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-distress-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-development-and-feasibility-of-the-getting-down-to-coping-program-in-two-different-clinical-settings
#7
Jane Cockle-Hearne, Deborah Barnett, James Hicks, Mhairi Simpson, Isabel White, Sara Faithfull
BACKGROUND: Distress after prostate cancer treatment is a substantial burden for up to one-third of men diagnosed. Physical and emotional symptoms and health service use can intensify, yet men are reticent to accept support. To provide accessible support that can be cost effectively integrated into care pathways, we developed a unique, Web-based, self-guided, cognitive-behavior program incorporating filmed and interactive peer support. OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility of the intervention among men experiencing distress after prostate cancer treatment...
April 30, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708021/association-between-erectile-dysfunction-and-subsequent-prostate-cancer-development-a-population-based-cohort-study-with-double-concurrent-comparison-groups
#8
Victor C Kok, Yi-Hsuan Hsiao, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Kung-Liang Wang
Recent studies indicate that erectile dysfunction (ED) and prostate cancer share common potential risk factors such as chronic inflammation, prostatitis, cigarette smoking, obesity, a high animal fat diet, sedentarism, and depression. There is great interest in knowing if ED is associated with prostate cancer. This study aimed to investigate if men afflicted with ED harbor an increased risk of prostate cancer, utilizing two concurrent comparison groups, constructed from the Taiwan NHIRD, with up to 8 years' follow-up...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708020/-the-worst-thing-was%C3%A2-prostate-cancer-patients-evaluations-of-their-diagnosis-and-treatment-experiences
#9
Christopher F Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, David R H Christie
The objective of the current study was to identify the patient-perceived "worst aspects" of their diagnostic and treatment processes for prostate cancer (PCa) so as to inform targeted interventions aimed at reducing patient anxiety and depression. Two hundred and fifty-two patients who had received their diagnoses less than 8 years ago answered a postal survey about (a) background information, (b) their own descriptions of the worst aspects of their diagnosis and treatment, and (c) their ratings of 13 aspects of that process for (i) how these aspects made them feel stressed, anxious, and depressed and (ii) how they affected their relationships with significant others...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707115/clinical-implication-of-a-quantitative-frailty-assessment-tool-for-prognosis-in-patients-with-urological-cancers
#10
Osamu Soma, Shingo Hatakeyama, Teppei Okamoto, Naoki Fujita, Teppei Matsumoto, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Chikara Ohyama
Objectives: Optimal tools for evaluating frailty among urological cancer patients remain unclear. We aimed to develop a quantitative frailty assessment tool comparing healthy individuals and urological cancer patients, and investigate the clinical implication of quantitative frailty on prognosis in urological cancer patients. Results: Gait speed, hemoglobin, serum albumin, exhaustion, and depression were significantly worse in patients with all types of cancers than in pair-matched controls...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707086/epigenetics-of-metabolic-syndrome-as-a-mood-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Sermin Kesebir
Mood disorders comprise major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder (BD) and the milder forms of these two disorders. Reccurring MDD is also known as unipolar disorder. The distinction between unipolar and bipolar disorders was first suggested in 1957 by Leonard and was made official after support by several studies in 1980. Indeed, in 150 AD, Aretaeus of Cappadocia wrote "It seems to me that melancholia is the beginning and a part of mania". Additionally, Kraepelin, who proposed the first medical disease model in psychiatry a century ago, considered recurrent unipolar depression cases under the category of bipolar disorder and conceptualized spectrum disorders...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706458/psychological-and-functional-effect-of-different-primary-treatments-for-prostate-cancer-a-comparative-prospective-analysis
#12
Alessandro Sciarra, Alessandro Gentilucci, Stefano Salciccia, Magnus Von Heland, Giam Piero Ricciuti, Vittorio Marzio, Federico Pierella, Daniela Musio, Vincenzo Tombolini, Viviana Frantellizzi, Massimo Pasquini, Annalisa Maraone, Alessio Guandalini, Martina Maggi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to comparatively evaluate the psychological and functional effect of different primary treatments in patients with prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We conducted a single-center prospective non randomized study in a real-life setting using functional and psychological questionnaires in prostate cancer cases submitted to radical prostatectomy, external radiotherapy, or active surveillance. Totally, 220 cases were evaluated at baseline and during the follow-up at 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month interval after therapy...
April 26, 2018: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702656/measuring-a-new-facet-of-post-traumatic-growth-development-of-a-scale-of-physical-post-traumatic-growth-in-men-with-prostate-cancer
#13
Deirdre M J Walsh, Ann Marie Groarke, Todd G Morrison, Garrett Durkan, Eamonn Rogers, Francis J Sullivan
PURPOSE: This study developed a measure of physical post traumatic growth (physical post traumatic growth inventory; P-PTGI) in men with prostate cancer. METHODS: A pool of items was created from themes identified in a qualitative study. A quantitative study was then conducted to assess the psychometric properties of the P-PTGI in a sample of 693 prostate cancer survivors. RESULTS: Tests of dimensionality revealed that the 20-item P-PTGI contained two factors: Health Autonomy and Health Awareness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699543/what-predicts-emotional-response-in-men-awaiting-prostate-biopsy
#14
AnnMarie Groarke, Ruth Curtis, Deirdre M J Walsh, Francis J Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Incidence of prostate cancer is increasing as opportunistic screening becomes widespread and life expectancy rises. Despite screening availability, research reveals conflicting results on medical outcomes, for example, disease specific mortality. However the gold standard in early diagnosis of potentially curable organ confined prostate cancer is transrectal ultrasound-guided systematic prostate biopsy (TRUS-BX). While focus has been given to medical sequalae there is a paucity of research on the psychological impact of biopsy...
April 24, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670722/stafne-s-bone-defect-in-a-metastatic-prostate-cancer-patient-a-diagnostic-conundrum
#15
Wagner-Gomes da Silva, Aristilia-Tahara Kemp, Alan-Roger Dos Santos-Silva, Maria Del Pilar-Estevez Diz, Thais-Bianca Brandão
Stafne's bone defect (SBD) is an uncommon bone alteration that affects the mandible and usually presents as an asymptomatic radiolucency located in the posterior region of body or angle of the mandible, below the alveolar canal. Although clinical and radiographic features are more often sufficient for the diagnosis, other lesions and bone alterations have been described in the differential diagnosis and may lead to a misinterpretation and an incorrect diagnosis. Herein, we report a case of an 89-yearold man with metastatic prostate cancer to multiple bones, presenting an asymptomatic solitary well-defined radiolucent image on the right side of the posterior body of the mandible, in close contact with its inferior border...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660795/symptom-and-function-profiles-of-men-with-localized-prostate-cancer
#16
Bryce B Reeve, Xianming Tan, Ronald C Chen, Deborah S Usinger, Laura C Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer seek information on how treatment options may impact their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The authors used latent profile analysis (LPA) to group men according to their symptom burden and functional status and to identify patient characteristics associated with each HRQOL profile. METHODS: Patients completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System and the Expanded Prostate Index Composite measures 3 months after treatment initiation...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658409/the-influence-of-marital-intimacy-on-urinary-and-sexual-symptom-experience-among-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Seongmi Moon, Juhye Jin, Sang Hyeon Cheon, Sungchan Park, Sun-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the influence of how patients with prostate cancer perceive emotional support from their spouses on their treatment-related symptoms. AIMS: To explore the influence of marital intimacy on urinary and sexual symptoms. METHODS: The research participants were 42 men diagnosed with prostate cancer recruited from a convenience sample from a university hospital in South Korea. The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite, the Korean Marital Intimacy Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used to measure variables of interest...
April 15, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603029/comparing-a-genetic-and-a-psychological-factor-as-correlates-of-anxiety-depression-and-chronic-stress-in-men-with-prostate-cancer
#18
Christopher F Sharpley, David R H Christie, Vicki Bitsika, Nicholas M Andronicos, Linda L Agnew, Timothy M Richards, Mary E McMillan
PURPOSE: Some prostate cancer (PCa) patients become clinically anxious or depressed after diagnosis and treatment. Some also show the physiological signs of chronic stress. However, there are currently no data describing how these particular patients might be identified at intake. This study tested the individual and combined predictive power of a psychological factor and a genetic factor as potential predictors of anxiety, depression, and chronic stress in a sample of PCa patients. METHODS: Ninety-five PCa patients completed psychological inventories for anxiety, depression, and psychological resilience (PR) and also gave a saliva sample for cortisol and a mouthwash sample for genetic testing for the presence of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism...
March 30, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570223/an-investigation-of-the-monoamine-oxidase-inhibition-properties-of-pyrrolo-3-4-f-indole-5-7-dione-and-indole-5-6-dicarbonitrile-derivatives
#19
Zhanna V Chirkova, Mariya V Kabanova, Sergey I Filimonov, Igor G Abramov, Anél Petzer, Idalet Engelbrecht, Jacobus P Petzer, Kyrill Yu Suponitsky, Alexander V Veselovsky
Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery In recent studies, we have shown that pyrrolo[3,4-f]indole-5,7-dione and indole-5,6-dicarbonitrile derivatives act as good potency in vitro inhibitors of the monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes. To expand on these series and to further derive structure-activity relationships (SARs) for MAO inhibition, in the present study we synthesized additional homologs and related analogs of these chemical classes. Analyzes of the MAO inhibition properties of the synthesized compounds show that among the pyrrolo[3,4-f]indole-5,7-dione derivatives good potency MAO inhibitors exist as exemplified by 10, which possesses IC50 values for the inhibition of MAO-A and MAO-B of 0...
March 23, 2018: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546585/sleepless-from-the-get-go-sleep-problems-prior-to-initiating-cancer-treatment
#20
Eric S Zhou, Karen Clark, Christopher J Recklitis, Richard Obenchain, Matthew Loscalzo
PURPOSE: Cancer patients are likely to experience sleep problems. Understanding their perception of sleep problems is important as subjective symptom experience is associated with treatment-seeking behavior. We explored the prevalence of sleep problems and its correlates in a large sample of cancer patients at an important but understudied stage of their cancer journey: prior to initiating treatment. METHODS: Cancer patients (5702) (67.5% female; 76.9% White; 23...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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