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Labor pain relief

Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Elaine Fernandes Viellas, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Maria Helena Bastos, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Arthur Orlando Correa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: The participation of nurses and midwives in vaginal birth care is limited in Brazil, and there are no national data regarding their involvement. The goal was to describe the participation of nurses and nurse-midwives in childbirth care in Brazil in the years 2011 and 2012, and to analyze the association between hospitals with nurses and nurse-midwives in labor and birth care and the use of good practices, and their influence in the reduction of unnecessary interventions, including cesarean sections...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
Sheffield Kent, Gregory Mehaffey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a possible alternative treatment for postdural puncture headache (PDPH). DESIGN: Postdural puncture headache is a common complication associated with neuraxial anesthesia and unintentional dural puncture. Epidural blood patch (EBP) is the standard therapy for PDPH but has risks including pain, dural puncture, and infection. Transnasal sphenopalatine ganglion block (SPGB) has been successfully used to treat migraine, cluster headache, and trigeminal neuralgia...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Pamela Angle, Christine Kurtz Landy, Jasmine Djordjevic, Jon Barrett, Alanna Kibbe, Saiena Sriparamananthan, Yuna Lee, Lydia Hamata, Alex Kiss
OBJECTIVES: The Angle Labor Pain Questionnaire (A-LPQ) is a new, condition-specific, multidimensional psychometric instrument which measures the most important dimensions of women's childbirth pain experiences using 5 subscales: The Enormity of the Pain, Fear/Anxiety, Uterine Contraction Pain, Birthing Pain and Back Pain/Long Haul. This study assessed the A-LPQ's test-retest reliability during early active labor without pain relief. METHODS: Two versions of the A-LPQ were randomly administered during 2 test sessions separated by a 20 minute window...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
J Singer, A Jank, S Amara, P D H Stepan, U Kaisers, C Hoehne
Background: Peripartum anesthesia may consist of parenteral opioids and/or regional analgesia. There is only limited data in the literature comparing both methods in daily obstetric practice. This observational study investigated the opioids pethidine and meptazinol as well as regional analgesics with regard to their administration, efficacy, side effects and subjective maternal satisfaction with therapy. The rates of secondary regional analgesia administration after administration of the respective opioid served as a means of evaluating treatment...
September 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Viera Husarova, Laura Macdarby, Patrick Dicker, Fergal D Malone, Conan L McCaul
OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns in intrapartum analgesia use in the migrant obstetric population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis included all deliveries with neonates above 500g in weight at a university hospital in Dublin, Ireland between 2009 and 2013. Analgesia was classified as neuraxial or non-neuraxial. Parturients were excluded owing to missing data, elective cesarean deliveries, and the use of analgesia during treatment for obstetric complications. RESULTS: There were 36 689 deliveries included in the present study...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Yayoi Ohashi, Leyla Baghirzada, Hiroyuki Sumikura, Mrinalini Balki
Japan has seen significant developments in obstetric anesthesia in recent years, including the establishment of the Japanese Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology. However, labor pain, which is one of the most important issues in obstetric practice, is still not treated aggressively. The rate of epidural administration for labor analgesia is very low in Japan as compared to other developed countries. Remifentanil has been used for labor analgesia, as part of general anesthesia for cesarean delivery, as well as for various fetal procedures around the world...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Simin Taavoni, Fatemeh Sheikhan, Somayeh Abdolahian, Fatemeh Ghavi
OBJECTIVE: Labor pain and its management is a major concern for childbearing women, their families and health care providers. This study aimed to investigate the effects of two non-pharmacological methods such as birth ball and heat therapy on labor pain relief. MATERIAL & METHODS: This randomized control trial was undertaken on 90 primiparous women aged 18-35 years old who were randomly assigned to two intervention (birth ball and heat) and control groups. The pain score was recorded by using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before the intervention and every 30 min in three groups until cervical dilatation reached 8 cm...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Andreas F Mavrogenis, Dimitrios A Flevas, Konstantinos Raptis, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Vasilios G Igoumenou, Thekla Antoniadou, Leonidas Dimopoulos, Dimitrios Antonopoulos, Sarantis G Spyridonos
BACKGROUND: Four-corner fusion is a rational surgical option for the management of degenerative conditions of the wrist. Most related studies have compared four-corner fusion with scaphoid excision or proximal row carpectomy, with a variety of reported results. To enhance the literature, we performed this study to evaluate a series of patients with degenerative conditions of the wrist treated with four-corner fusion using 3 surgical techniques and to discuss the clinical and radiographic outcome of the patients...
July 25, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Eun Jung Chang, Eun Ji Choi, Kyung Hoon Kim
Tapentadol is a novel oral analgesic with a dual mode of action as an agonist of the µ-opioid receptor (MOR), and as a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI) all in a single molecule. Immediate release (IR) tapentadol shows its analgesic effect quickly, at around 30 minutes. Its MOR agonistic action produces acute nociceptive pain relief; its role as an NRI brings about chronic neuropathic pain relief. Absorption is rapid, with a mean maximal serum concentration at 1.25-1.5 h after oral intake. It is present primarily in the form of conjugated metabolites after glucuronidation, and excretes rapidly and completely via the kidneys...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Naama Marcus Braun, Inbar Ben Shachar
Chronic pelvic pain is one of the main causes for repeated ambulatory and hospital visits. The main findings on exploratory laparoscopy performed for these complaints are endometriosis and adhesions, while in more than 50% of cases, no cause for the pain is found. In 1955, Allen and Masters reported pain associated with traumatic labor. They reported retroverted and hyper-mobile uterus in all women and during operation, tears in the posterior serosa of the broad igament. A few therapeutic options have been discussed, including repair of the tears, but without long term follow-up and significant relief of symptoms...
April 2016: Harefuah
Kazuo Hayakawa, Jun Mizutani, Nobuyuki Suzuki, Christopher Haas, Akira Kondo, Seiji Otsuka, Muneyoshi Fukuoka, Takanobu Otsuka
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: To report on a pregnant woman successfully treated with micro-endoscopic discectomy in the left lateral position under general anesthesia at 24 weeks gestation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Treatment for lumbar disc herniation in pregnant women poses a particular challenge due to the complexity of the clinical situation. Review of the literature emphasizes timely diagnosis with adequate management specific for each gestational period...
June 15, 2016: Spine
Mika J, Brinkmann O, Clanton To, Szalay G, Kinne Rw
INTRODUCTION: Only two cases of an isolated compartment syndrome of the extensor carpi ulnaris have been described previously [1,2]. In both cases, the onset was acute. In the first case, histological examination revealed no necrosis. The second case was regarded to be due to a previously unknown anatomic variation and no necrotic tissue was recognized upon gross examination. This case report describes a third case of an isolated acute exertional compartment syndrome (AECS) of the extensor carpi ulnaris muscle with focal areas of necrotic tissue...
January 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Tahereh Boryri, Noor Mohammad Noori, Alireza Teimouri, Fariba Yaghobinia
BACKGROUND: Natural delivery is the most painful event that women experience in their lifetime. That is why labor pain relief has long been as one of the most important issues in the field of midwifery. Thus, the present study aims to explore the perception of primiparous mothers on comfortable resources for labor pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, qualitative content analysis technique was used. The participants had singleton pregnancy with normal vaginal delivery...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Sami Roukoz, Linda Nabhane, Ali al-rida Aidibi, Amer Sebaaly
BACKGROUND: Muscle transfer has been reported as a good surgical option to reconstruct the deficient rotator cuff. The purpose of this study is to report the outcome of deltoid muscle flap transfer to restore shoulder function in patients with massive irreparable rotator cuff tear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive case series. Included patients had a lesion of two or more tendons of the rotator cuff or lesion of one tendon of more than 5 cm in width and no lesion to the subscapularis...
January 2016: Le Journal Médical Libanais. the Lebanese Medical Journal
Theresa Hamer, Sarah Deverman, Kenneth J Nunes, Jennifer Hofer, Barbara M Scavone
OBJECTIVE: To describe severity of pain during labor at previable estimated gestational age and to determine the effectiveness of various methods of analgesia in this population. METHODS: In this retrospective review of the records of women undergoing induction or augmentation of labor between 16 0/7 and 22 6/7 weeks of gestation, we examined pain scores (numeric rating scale 0-10) documented throughout labor and analgesia method (none, systemic, or neuraxial). We compared relevant patient and labor characteristics such as gestational age, fetal weight, time interval from induction to delivery as well as pain data including analgesia type and pain scores before and after analgesia...
June 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Narjes Bahri, Hosein Ebrahimipour, Ali Vafaee Najar, Yasamin Molavi Taleghani
INTRODUCTION: In order to prevent medical errors, it is important to know why they occur and to identify their causes. Healthcare failure modes and effects analysis (HFMEA) is a type of qualitative descriptive that is used to evaluate the risk. The aim of this study was to assess the risks of using Entonox for labor pain by HFMEA. METHODS: A mixed-methods design (qualitative action research and quantitative cross-sectional research) was used. The modes and effects of failures in the process of using Entonox were detected and analyzed during 2013-2014 at Hefdahe Shahrivar Hospital, Mashhad, Iran...
March 2016: Electronic Physician
Dinesh K Choudhry, B Randall Brenn, Karen Sacks, Kirk Reichard
BACKGROUND: Pain following Nuss procedure is severe and its management is challenging. Many different pain treatment modalities are currently being used, but none of them have been found to be ideal. AIM: In this retrospective review, we compare our current multimodal approach, which involves continuous ropivacaine infusion through chest wall catheters (CWC), intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA), and adjunctive medications (gabapentin and clonidine), with the technique that we used in the past, the thoracic epidural catheter (TEC)...
June 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Brigitte Leeners, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Michael Pascal Hengartner
OBJECTIVE: Although childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may seriously impair childbirth experiences, few systematic evaluations on associations, mediating influences, risk and protective factors are available. As such information is mandatory to improve obstetric care, the present study aimed to provide such data. METHODS: The study compared childbirth experiences from 85 women after CSA and at least one pregnancy resulting in a life birth with those from 170 control women matched for nationality, personal age and children's age...
April 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: To report on clinical and socio-demographic factors of a one-year caseload of women attended by a statewide ambulance service in Australia, who presented during pregnancy, prior to the commencement of labor. METHODS: Retrospective clinical data collected via in-field electronic patient care record (VACIS®) by paramedics during clinical management was provided by Ambulance Victoria. Cases were electronically extracted from the Ambulance Victoria Clinical Data Warehouse via comprehensive filtering followed by case review...
July 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Joseph M Statz, Eric R Wagner, Matthew T Houdek, Robert H Cofield, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, Bassem T Elhassan, John W Sperling
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for worse outcomes in anatomic shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this investigation was to determine outcomes of primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients with morbid obesity. METHODS: We reviewed all primary RSAs performed on morbidly obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥40 kg/m(2)) patients from 2005 to 2012 at our institution with at least 2 years of follow-up. The study included 41 patients (57% female), the mean BMI was 44 kg/m(2), and the mean age was 67...
July 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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