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Cerebrovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230421/medicare-expenditure-correlates-of-atrophy-and-cerebrovascular-disease-in-older-adults
#1
Briana S Last, Maria-José García Rubio, Carolyn W Zhu, Stephanie Cosentino, Jennifer J Manly, Charles DeCarli, Yaakov Stern, Adam M Brickman
: Background/Study Context: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) markers of cerebrovascular disease and atrophy are common in older adults and are associated with cognitive and medical burden. However, the extent to which they are related to health care expenditures has not been examined. We studied whether increased Medicare expenditures were associated with brain markers of atrophy and cerebrovascular disease in older adults. METHODS: A subset of participants (n = 592; mean age = 80 years; 66% women) from the Washington Heights Inwood Columbia Aging Project (WHICAP), a community-based observational study of aging in upper Manhattan, received high-resolution MRI and had Medicare expenditure data on file...
March 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229384/relationship-of-meteorological-factors-and-acute-stroke-events-in-kaunas-lithuania-in-2000-2010
#2
Laura Tamasauskiene, Daiva Rastenyte, Ricardas Radisauskas, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Domantas Tamasauskas, Vidmantas Vaiciulis, Daina Kranciukaite-Butylkiniene, Egle Milinaviciene
Some researchers have hypothesised that meteorological factors may have an impact on acute cerebrovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine an impact of some meteorological factors on occurrence of acute cerebrovascular events in the middle-aged Kaunas population. Kaunas stroke register data were used. Data on meteorological factors for the time period from 2000 to 2010 were obtained from the Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service Kaunas Meteorological Station. We analysed 4038 cases with stroke...
February 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229127/the-application-of-retinal-fundus-camera-imaging-in-dementia-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sarah McGrory, James R Cameron, Enrico Pellegrini, Claire Warren, Fergus N Doubal, Ian J Deary, Baljean Dhillon, Joanna M Wardlaw, Emanuele Trucco, Thomas J MacGillivray
INTRODUCTION: The ease of imaging the retinal vasculature, and the evolving evidence suggesting this microvascular bed might reflect the cerebral microvasculature, presents an opportunity to investigate cerebrovascular disease and the contribution of microvascular disease to dementia with fundus camera imaging. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out to assess the measurement of retinal properties in dementia using fundus imaging. RESULTS: Ten studies assessing retinal properties in dementia were included...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226032/risk-of-vertebral-fracture-in-patients-diagnosed-with-a-depressive-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Shyh-Chyang Lee, Li-Yu Hu, Min-Wei Huang, Cheng-Che Shen, Wei-Lun Huang, Ti Lu, Chiao-Lin Hsu, Chih-Chuan Pan
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported that depression may play a crucial role in the occurrence of vertebral fractures. However, a clear correlation between depressive disorders and osteoporotic fractures has not been established. We explored the association between depressive disorders and subsequent new-onset vertebral fractures. Additionally, we aimed to identify the potential risk factors for vertebral fracture in patients with a depressive disorder. METHODS: We studied patients listed in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database who were diagnosed with a depressive disorder by a psychiatrist...
January 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224671/outcomes-after-diagnosis-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-a-large-autopsy-series
#5
Erin L Abner, Richard J Kryscio, Frederick A Schmitt, David W Fardo, Daniela C Moga, Eseosa T Ighodaro, Gregory A Jicha, Lei Yu, Hiroko H Dodge, Chengjie Xiong, Randall L Woltjer, Julie A Schneider, Nigel J Cairns, David A Bennett, Peter T Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Determine clinical and neuropathological outcomes following a clinical diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: Data were drawn from a large autopsy series (N=1,337) of individuals followed longitudinally from normal or MCI status to death, derived from four Alzheimer's Disease (AD) Centers in the United States. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 7.9 years. Of the 874 individuals ever diagnosed with MCI, final clinical diagnoses were varied: 39...
February 22, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224248/vis-nir-spectroscopy-with-moving-window-pls-method-applied-to-rapid-analysis-of-whole-blood-viscosity
#6
Jiemei Chen, Zhiwei Yin, Yi Tang, Tao Pan
A rapid analytical method of human whole blood viscosity with low, medium, and high shear rates [WBV(L), WBV(M), and WBV(H), respectively] was developed using visible and near-infrared (Vis-NIR) spectroscopy combined with a moving-window partial least squares (MW-PLS) method. Two groups of peripheral blood samples were collected for modeling and validation. Separate analytical models were established for male and female groups to avoid interference in different gender groups and improve the homogeneity and prediction accuracy...
February 21, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224216/vascular-surgery-the-main-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-146-takayasu-arteritis-patients
#7
Nilton Salles Rosa Neto, Samuel Katsuyuki Shinjo, Maurício Levy-Neto, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory disease that affects the aorta and its main branches. According to disease involvement, patients may require surgical treatment mainly due ischemic lesions in association with medical therapy. We evaluated the impact of vascular interventions in a cohort of TA patients. Medical records from 146 TA patients were reviewed. Clinical features, medical, and surgical treatment were revised and disease activity was determined by clinical, laboratorial, and imaging parameters...
February 21, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223049/outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-and-stents-for-unprotected-left-main-coronary-stenosis
#8
Yin-Shu Chang, Jia-Xiang Wang, Da-Wei Chang
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the short-, medium-, and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting vs stenting for patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease through a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and major conference proceedings databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials of coronary artery bypass grafting compared with stents in unprotected left main coronary artery disease...
February 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222969/patient-tumour-and-treatment-factors-affect-complication-rates-in-soft-tissue-sarcoma-flap-reconstruction-in-a-synergistic-manner
#9
J Slump, P C Ferguson, J S Wunder, A M Griffin, H J Hoekstra, X Liu, S O P Hofer, A C O'Neill
INTRODUCTION: Flap reconstruction plays an essential role in the management of soft tissue sarcoma, facilitating wide resection while maximizing preservation of function. The addition of reconstruction increases the complexity of the surgery and identification of patients who are at high risk for post-operative complications is an important part of the preoperative assessment. This study examines predictors of complications in these patients. METHODS: 294 patients undergoing flap reconstruction following sarcoma resection were evaluated...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222615/clinical-associations-biological-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#10
Hafize Nalan Gunes, Burcu Gokce Cokal, Selda Keskin Guler, Tahir Kurtulus Yoldas, Umit Yavuz Malkan, Cemile Sencer Demircan, Mehmet Ilker Yon, Zeynep Yoldas, Gursel Gunes, Ibrahim Celalettin Haznedaroglu
Objective Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare cerebrovascular disease affecting young adults. The majority of the patients are female. The aim of this study is to assess the clinical associations, risk factors and outcomes of the patients with CVST. Methods The data of 75 patients with CVST admitted to our hospital between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical features and the thrombophilic risk factors of the patients were recorded. The localizations of the thrombi were determined and modified Rankin score at the time of onset and discharge were calculated...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220015/author-response-calcium-supplementation-and-risk-of-dementia-in-women-with-cerebrovascular-disease
#11
Silke Kern, Jürgen Kern, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Margda Waern, Xinxin Guo, Anne Börjesson-Hanson, Ingmar Skoog, Svante Östling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220014/letter-re-calcium-supplementation-and-risk-of-dementia-in-women-with-cerebrovascular-disease
#12
David J Beale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220013/letter-re-calcium-supplementation-and-risk-of-dementia-in-women-with-cerebrovascular-disease
#13
Gilad Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219583/risk-factors-affecting-graft-and-patient-survivals-after-transplantation-from-deceased-donors-in-a-developing-country-a-single-center-experience
#14
Y Ayar, A Ersoy, G Ocakoglu, A Yildiz, A Oruc, H Soyak, M Calapkulu, A B Sahin, N Bolca Topal, E Okeer, B Coskun, O Kaygisiz, Y Kordan, H Vuruskan
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors affecting graft and patient survival after transplantation from deceased donors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 186 transplantations from deceased donors performed at our center between 2006 and 2014. The recipients were divided into two groups: Group I (141 recipients without graft loss) and Group II (45 recipients with graft loss). Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazard regressions were used...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215270/decreased-cerebral-vasomotor-reactivity-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#15
Oguzhan Oz, Serdar Tasdemir, Hakan Akgun, Murat Erdem, Adem Balikci, Ahmet Cetiz, Mehmet Yucel, Umit Hidir Ulas, Seref Demirkaya, Yasar Kutukcu, Fuat Özgen
OBJECTIVE: In obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), any of the activated neural, vascular, hemodynamic, metabolic, inflammatory, and thrombotic mechanisms may be related to increased cerebrovascular disease and risk of death; however, the possible pathophysiological process between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and stroke has not been clearly explained. We hypothesize that alterations in vasomotor reactivity in patients may be responsible for their altered cerebral blood flow, and may contribute to the increased risk of ischemic stroke...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215260/moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-cerebral-small-vessel-disease
#16
Tae-Jin Song, Jung-Hyun Park, Kang Hyun Choi, Yoonkyung Chang, Jangsup Moon, Ju-Hee Kim, Yunseo Choi, Yong-Jae Kim, Hyang Woon Lee
BACKGROUND: Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is associated with increased risk of cerebral infarction and hemorrhage. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is known to increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the association between cerebral SVD and severity of OSA. METHODS: A total of 170 patients were included from the patient registry at the present Sleep Center; these patients underwent both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and polysomnography (PSG) for suspected OSA...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215150/hypertension-current-natural-strategies-to-lower-blood-pressure
#17
Jacek Rysz, Beata Franczyk, Maciej Banach, Anna Gluba-Brzózka
The prevalence of hypertension (HTN) worldwide is high and is constantly rising. HTN is considered to be a silent killer since often there are no obvious symptoms but long-term, HTN significantly increases the risk of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases. Those with diagnosed HTN or at high risk of its development, should start blood pressure (BP) lowering therapy based on natural methods including: lifestyle, regular physical activity, respiratory training, reducing body mass, lowering sodium intake with food, potassium supplementation, balanced diet enriched with herbs, reducing caffeine and alcohol intake, smoking cessation, stress avoidance and regular monitoring of the BP...
15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214521/neuroprotective-effect-of-salvianolic-acid-b-against-cerebral-ischemic-injury-in-rats-via-the-cd40-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-associated-with-suppression-of-platelets-activation-and-neuroinflammation
#18
Shixin Xu, Aiqin Zhong, Huining Ma, Dan Li, Yue Hu, Yingzhi Xu, Junping Zhang
Neuroinflammation plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Activated platelets are increasingly regarded as initiators and/or amplifiers of inflammatory processes in cerebral I/R injury. Salvianolic acid B (SAB) is the most abundant bioactive compound of Salviae miltiorrhizae, a well-known Chinese herb used to promote blood circulation and eliminating blood stasis. S. miltiorrhizae has been used clinically in Asia for the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular diseases...
February 15, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213564/seven-year-tolerability-profile-of-glucocorticoids-use-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-data-from-the-espoir-cohort
#19
Camille Roubille, Nathalie Rincheval, Maxime Dougados, René-Marc Flipo, Jean-Pierre Daurès, Bernard Combe
OBJECTIVE: To explore the 7-year tolerability profile of glucocorticoids (GC) for early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We examined data for 602 patients with RA from the early arthritis Etude et Suivi des POlyarthrites Indifférenciées Récentes (ESPOIR) cohort (<6 months disease duration) stratified into two groups: with or without GC treatment at least once during follow-up (median 7 years (IQR 0.038-7.65)). The main outcome was a composite of death, cardiovascular disease (including myocardial ischaemia, cerebrovascular accident and heart failure), severe infection and fracture...
February 17, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213110/effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-stroke-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Tsung-Jung Ho, Chi-Fung Cheng, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Cheng-Wen Lin, Jaung-Geng Lin, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Complications of type 2 diabetes (T2D) include stroke, which is a cerebrovascular disturbance characterized by reduced blood flow in the brain, leading to death or physical disability. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used in ancient China for the treatment of diabetes and stroke by supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the frequencies and patterns of CHM treatment for stroke patients with T2D and the outcomes of long-term use in Taiwan...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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