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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779250/soy-protein-supplement-intake-for-12-months-has-no-effect-on-sexual-maturation-and-may-improve-nutritional-status-in-pre-pubertal-children
#1
Sandra M Duitama, Javier Zurita, Diana Cordoba, Paola Duran, Leopold Ilag, Wilson Mejia
AIM: To evaluate the intake of a soy protein-based supplement (SPS) and its effects on the sexual maturation and nutritional status of prepubertal children who consumed it for a year. METHODS: Healthy children (n = 51) were recruited and randomly assigned to consume the lunch fruit juice with (n = 29) or without (n = 22) addition of 45 g of a commercial soy protein-based supplement (SPS) over 12 months. Nutritional assessment including anthropometry (bodyweight, height, triceps skinfold thickness, mid-upper arm circumference), body mass index (BMI), upper arm muscle area, arm muscle circumference, upper arm area, upper arm fat area data were derived from measures using usual procedures; age and gender-specific percentiles were used as reference...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#2
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779121/a-comprehensive-comparable-study-of-the-physiological-properties-of-four-microalgal-species-under-different-light-wavelength-conditions
#3
Yu Zhong, Peng Jin, Jay J Cheng
Microalgae treated with blue light have potential for production of human nutrition supplement and biofuel due to their higher biomass productivity and favorable fatty acid composition. Chlorella vulgaris, Chlorella pyrenoidosa, Scenedesmus quadricauda and Scenedesmus obliquus are representative green microalgae which are widely reported for algal production. In this study, we provide a systematic investigation of the biomass productivity, photosynthetic pigments, chlorophyll fluorescence and fatty acid content of the four green microalgae...
May 19, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778950/efficacy-of-educational-intervention-to-improve-awareness-of-the-importance-of-iodine-use-of-iodized-salt-and-dietary-iodine-intake-in-northeastern-italian-schoolchildren
#4
Sara Watutantrige-Fernando, Susi Barollo, Loris Bertazza, Elisabetta Cavedon, Simona Censi, Jacopo Manso, Federica Vianello, Caterina Mian
OBJECTIVE: An educational program was conducted among school-aged children to improve their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis, their iodine status, and their dietary habits. METHODS: At the baseline (T0) and after 6 mo (T1), participants (970 at T0 and 949 at T1) answered questionnaires testing their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis and their eating habits. Urine samples were collected from a randomly selected subgroup of participants (313 at T0 and 312 at T1)...
March 23, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778903/orcokinins-regulate-the-expression-of-neuropeptide-precursor-genes-related-to-ecdysis-in-the-hemimetabolous-insect-rhodnius-prolixus
#5
Juan Pedro Wulff, Natalia Capriotti, Sheila Ons
Ecdysis is a vital process for insects, during which they shed the old cuticle in order to emerge as the following developmental stage. Given its relevance for survival and reproduction, ecdysis is tightly regulated by peptidic hormones that conform an interrelated neuromodulatory network. This network was studied in species that undergo a complete metamorphosis, but not in hemimetabola. In a recent work, we demonstrated that orcokinin neuropeptides are essential for ecdysis to occur in the kissing bug Rhodnius prolixus...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778784/food-choice-considerations-among-american-indians-living-in-rural-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#6
Marianna S Wetherill, Mary B Williams, Micah L Hartwell, Alicia L Salvatore, Tvli Jacob, Tamela K Cannady, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, Natia Anderson, Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan
In rural American Indian (AI) communities, access to affordable, healthy foods is often limited. Understanding AI food choice considerations when selecting foods, such as sensory appeal, cost, or health, is an important yet understudied topic for eliminating persistent AI health disparities. In partnership with the Chickasaw Nation and Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, we administered a modified version of the Food Choice Values (FCV) Questionnaire to a cross-sectional sample of 83 AI patrons shopping at tribally-owned convenience stores ≥3 times per week...
May 17, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778638/the-impact-of-dysphagia-on-mortality-of-nursing-home-residents-results-from-the-nutritionday-project
#7
Rainer Wirth, Maryam Pourhassan, Melanie Streicher, Michael Hiesmayr, Karin Schindler, Cornel Christian Sieber, Dorothee Volkert
OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is a frequent finding in nursing home residents. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of dysphagia and mortality in nursing home residents and identify further risk factors for mortality in residents with dysphagia. DESIGN: One-day, annually repeated cross-sectional study, evaluating the nutritional situation of nursing home residents with 6-month mortality as outcome. SETTING: 191 nursing homes from 14 countries in Europe and the United States participating in the nutritionDay study between 2007 and 2012...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778624/conditioning-of-human-salivary-flow-using-a-visual-cue-for-sour-candy
#8
Jonathan C Kershaw, Cordelia A Running
OBJECTIVE: Although the "mouthwatering" to sight, smell, or thought of food is commonly accepted in food and nutrition research, the concept of mouthwatering and human salivary flow conditioning is not well accepted in salivary research. The objective of this study was to revisit whether human salivary flow could be classically conditioned to a previously neutral stimulus. DESIGN: Sour candy or a non-food control in opaque containers were presented to healthy participants (n = 8)...
May 14, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778511/observed-appetite-and-nutrient-intake-three-months-after-icu-discharge
#9
Lee-Anne S Chapple, Luke M Weinel, Yasmine Ali Abdelhamid, Matthew J Summers, Thu Nguyen, Palash Kar, Kylie Lange, Marianne J Chapman, Adam M Deane
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Oral intake is diminished immediately after ICU discharge, yet factors affecting nutritional intake after hospital discharge have not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary intake and factors which may influence intake - appetite and gastric emptying - 3-months after ICU discharge. METHODS: Inception cohort study with ICU survivors compared to healthy subjects. Following an overnight fast, all participants consumed a standardized carbohydrate drink, containing 13 C-octanoic acid, to measure gastric emptying...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778510/assessment-of-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-according-to-different-diagnostic-criteria
#10
Anna Simona Sasdelli, Federica Agostini, Caterina Pazzeschi, Mariacristina Guidetti, Simon Lal, Loris Pironi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intestinal failure associated liver disease (IFALD) has been defined using numerous criteria; however the clinical relevance of these criteria has never been compared. We therefore aimed to evaluate the prevalence, incidence, evolution of IFALD diagnosed by different criteria and to assess any clinical features that may be associated with its occurrence. METHODS: A cross sectional (CS) and retrospective study were carried out on adults on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for chronic intestinal failure (CIF) managed at a single center...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778479/an-in-vivo-stable-isotope-based-approach-for-assessment-of-absorbed-amino-acids-from-individual-feed-ingredients-within-complete-diets
#11
K A Estes, R R White, P S Yoder, T Pilonero, H Schramm, H Lapierre, M D Hanigan
Accurate assessment of the nutritional content of feed ingredients is required for precise diet formulation. Characterizing ingredients in terms of absorption and digestibility of individual AA is challenging, and this information often relies on indirect methods. The purpose of this research was to evaluate an in vivo stable isotope-based method of determining plasma entry rates of individual AA from feather meal (FM), blood meal (BM), and a rumen-protected AA (RPMet). Abomasal infusions of unprotected Ile, Leu, Met, and sodium caseinate were used as control treatments to assess technique reliability and accuracy...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778475/performance-nutritional-behavior-and-metabolic-responses-of-calves-supplemented-with-forage-depend-on-starch-fermentability
#12
S Mojahedi, M Khorvash, G R Ghorbani, E Ghasemi, M Mirzaei, F Hashemzadeh-Cigari
This study evaluated the interactive effects of forage provision on performance, nutritional behavior, apparent digestibility, rumen fermentation, and blood metabolites of dairy calves when corn grains with different fermentability were used. Sixty 3-d-old Holstein calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Dietary treatments were (1) steam-flaked (SF) corn without alfalfa hay (AH) supplementation (SF-NO), (2) SF corn with AH supplementation (SF-AH), (3) cracked (CR) corn without AH supplementation (CR-NO), and (4) CR corn with AH supplementation (CR-AH)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778471/influence-of-protein-content-and-storage-temperature-on-the-particle-morphology-and-flowability-characteristics-of-milk-protein-concentrate-powders
#13
Karthik Sajith Babu, Kaliramesh Siliveru, J K Amamcharla, Praveen V Vadlani, R P Kingsly Ambrose
Milk protein concentrate (MPC) powders are widely used as ingredients for food product formulations due to their nutritional profile and sensory attributes. Processing parameters, storage conditions, and composition influences the flow properties of MPC powders. This study investigated the bulk and shear flow properties of 70.3, 81.5, and 88.1% (wt/wt, protein content) MPC after storage for 12 wk at 25 and 40°C. Additionally, the morphological and functional changes of the MPC powders were investigated and correlated with flowability...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778436/enhanced-central-venous-catheter-bundle-for-pediatric-parenteral-dependent-intestinal-failure
#14
Jennifer A Ormsby, Bola Bukoye, Debra Lajoie, Herminia Shermont, Lisa Martin, Kierrah Leger, Judy Mahoney, Gail Potter-Bynoe, Jane Carpenter, Al Ozonoff, Grace M Lee
BACKGROUND: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) cause substantial morbidity and increase antimicrobial use and length of stay among hospitalized children in the United States. CLABSI occurs more frequently among high-risk pediatric patients, such as those with intestinal failure (IF) who are parenteral nutrition (PN) dependent. Following an increase in CLABSI rates, a quality improvement (QI) initiative was implemented. METHODS: Using QI methodology, an enhanced central venous catheter (CVC) maintenance bundle was developed and implemented on 2 units for pediatric PN-dependent patients with IF...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778381/dietary-patterns-are-positively-associated-with-semen-quality
#15
Michal Efrat, Anat Stein, Haim Pinkas, Ron Unger, Ruth Birk
OBJECTIVE: To study association of semen quality with a priori whole dietary pattern indexes, which reflect real-world dietary practices and the numerous combinations by which foods are consumed: Healthy Eating Index (HEI), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), alternate Mediterranean Diet score (aMED), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional single-center study. SETTING: Hospital fertility center and university...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778227/what-are-the-main-environmental-factors-driving-the-development-of-the-neurotoxic-dinoflagellate-vulcanodinium-rugosum-in-a-mediterranean-ecosystem-ingril-lagoon-france
#16
Eric Abadie, Claude Chiantella, Anaïs Crottier, Lesley Rhodes, Estelle Masseret, Tom Berteaux, Mohamed Laabir
Vulcanodinium rugosum, a dinoflagellate developing in Ingril Lagoon (Mediterranean, France) is responsible for shellfish intoxications due to the neurotoxin pinnatoxin G. A one year survey (March 2012-April 2013) was conducted in this oligotrophic shallow lagoon and key environmental parameters were recorded (temperature, salinity and nutrients). The spatio-temporal distribution of V. rugosum in water column and on macrophytes was also determined. Planktonic cells of V. rugosum were observed at all sampling stations, but in relatively low concentrations (maximum of 1000 cell/L)...
May 2018: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778160/food-contamination-as-a-pathway-for-lead-exposure-in-children-during-the-2010-2013-lead-poisoning-epidemic-in-zamfara-nigeria
#17
Simba Tirima, Casey Bartrem, Ian von Lindern, Margrit von Braun, Douglas Lind, Shehu Mohamed Anka, Aishat Abdullahi
In 2010, an estimated 400 to 500 children died of acute lead poisoning associated with artisanal gold mining in Zamfara, Nigeria. Processing of gold ores containing up to 10% lead within residential compounds put residents, especially children, at the highest risk. Principal routes of exposure were incidental ingestion and inhalation of contaminated soil and dusts. Several Nigerian and international health organizations collaborated to reduce lead exposures through environmental remediation and medical treatment...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777975/geriatric-analysis-from-prodige-20-randomized-phase-ii-trial-evaluating-bevacizumab-chemotherapy-versus-chemotherapy-alone-in-older-patients-with-untreated-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#18
T Aparicio, O Bouché, E Francois, F Retornaz, E Barbier, J Taieb, S Kirscher, P-L Etienne, R Faroux, F Khemissa Akouz, F El Hajbi, C Locher, Y Rinaldi, T Lecomte, S Lavau-Denes, M Baconnier, A Oden-Gangloff, D Genet, L Bedenne, E Paillaud
BACKGROUND: Older patients have frailty characteristics that impair the transposition of treatment results found in younger patients. Predictive factors are needed to help with treatment choices for older patients. The PRODIGE 20 study is a randomized phase II study that evaluated chemotherapy associated with bevacizumab (BEV) or not (CT) in patients aged 75 years or older. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients underwent a geriatric assessment at randomization and at each evaluation...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777864/effectiveness-on-maternal-and-offspring-metabolic-control-of-a-home-based-dietary-counseling-intervention-and-dha-supplementation-in-obese-overweight-pregnant-women-might-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#19
María Luisa Garmendia, Camila Corvalán, Paola Casanello, B Marcela Araya, Marcela Flores, Alfredo Bravo, Juan Pedro Kusanovic, Pablo Olmos, Ricardo Uauy
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are the primary prevention strategy for gestational diabetes (GDM) in obese/overweight women; however, these interventions have shown limited effectiveness. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) intake has shown beneficial effects on glucose metabolism, lipid fractions and inflammatory factors in women who already have GDM. Combining PUFAs supplementation with a lifestyle intervention could achieve lower increase of glucose levels by improving insulin sensitivity...
May 16, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777844/angioplasty-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-a-child-with-26-year-follow-up
#20
Xixiang Gao, Zhu Tong, Lianrui Guo, Jianxin Li, Jian Zhang, Yongquan Gu
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare but life-threatening disease. If not treated promptly, it is almost always lethal of progressive liver failure, severe nutritional depletion, and renal failure at the late stage. We report the successful treatment of a 5-year-old boy with BCS due to a stenosis of the IVC with a 26-year follow-up. We performed percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), which resulted in a great improvement of BCS, and the disappearance of ascites. Restenosis occurred at 25 years after the initial angioplasty, for which balloon angioplasty was repeatedly performed...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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