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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110519/examining-the-nutritional-quality-of-food-and-beverage-consumed-at-melbourne-aquatic-and-recreation-centres
#1
Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Alexandra Chung, Marianne Khalil, Evelyn Wong, Ariana Kurzeme, Anna Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Examine the nutritional quality of food and beverages consumed across a sample of community aquatic and recreation centres in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Interviewer-administered surveys of randomly selected patrons attending four aquatic and recreation centres were conducted to ascertain food and beverage items consumed over two data collection periods (May-June 2014, January-February 2015). We selected centres in and around metropolitan Melbourne with a sit-down cafeteria and children's swimming classes...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#2
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110327/mortality-after-renal-allograft-failure-and-return-to-dialysis
#3
Amarpali Brar, Mariana Markell, Dimitre G Stefanov, Edem Timpo, Rahul M Jindal, Robert Nee, Nabil Sumrani, Devon John, Fasika Tedla, Moro O Salifu
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes of patients who fail their kidney transplant and return to dialysis (RTD) has not been investigated in a nationally representative sample. We hypothesized that variations in management of transplant chronic kidney disease stage 5 leading to kidney allograft failure (KAF) and RTD, such as access, nutrition, timing of dialysis, and anemia management predict long-term survival. METHODS: We used an incident cohort of patients from the United States Renal Data System who initiated hemodialysis between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2008, after KAF...
January 21, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110300/irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-diet
#4
REVIEW
Piero Portincasa, Leonilde Bonfrate, Ornella de Bari, Anthony Lembo, Sarah Ballou
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and is one of the most commonly diagnosed gastrointestinal diseases. The impact of IBS on the general population is large due to its high prevalence, suboptimal medical treatments and significant economic burden. The pathophysiology of IBS is complex and treatments are often symptom-specific. The most common therapeutic approaches for IBS include education and reassurance, lifestyles (especially nutrition-based interventions), peripherally acting medications (which typically target motility), centrally acting medications (which target visceral hypersensitivity and pain) and psychological interventions (which aim to reduce the effects of stress or symptom-specific anxiety)...
January 20, 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110134/concentrations-of-fluoride-in-water-and-plasma-for-us-children-and-adolescents-data-from-nhanes-2013-2014
#5
Ram B Jain
For the first time, for 2013-2014, as part of ongoing National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, data for fluoride concentrations in water and plasma for U.S. children and adolescents were released in the public domain. This study was undertaken to investigate how fluoride concentrations vary in water and plasma with age, gender, race/ethnicity, housing ownership, use of prescription fluoride drops and/or tablets, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and recent use of tobacco products (among adolescents)...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109764/pictorial-learning-and-visual-imagery-based-activity-methods-in-nutrition-education-for-primary-schoolchildren-in-india
#6
AmulyaRao Nalam, SubbaRao M Gavaravarapu, Venkaiah Kodali, Raghunatha Rao Dharmapuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109619/obesity-and-heart-failure-focus-on-the-obesity-paradox
#7
REVIEW
Salvatore Carbone, Carl J Lavie, Ross Arena
The escalating prevalence of obesity has been linked to substantial increases in both metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, the direct effects of obesity on cardiovascular health and function require further exploration. In particular, the relationship between obesity and cardiac function has received intense scrutiny. Although obesity increases the risk for development of heart failure (HF), it appears to exert a protective effect in patients in whom HF has already been diagnosed (the "obesity paradox")...
January 5, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109589/effects-of-precalving-body-condition-and-prepartum-feeding-level-on-gene-expression-in-circulating-neutrophils
#8
M A Crookenden, C G Walker, A Heiser, A Murray, V S R Dukkipati, J K Kay, S Meier, K M Moyes, M D Mitchell, J J Loor, J R Roche
Extensive metabolic, physiological, and immunological changes are associated with calving and the onset of lactation. As a result, cows transitioning between pregnancy and lactation are at a greater risk of metabolic and infectious diseases. The ability of neutrophils to mount an effective immune response to an infection is critical for its resolution, and increasing evidence indicates that precalving nutrition affects postpartum neutrophil function. The objectives of the current study were to investigate the effect of 2 precalving body condition scores (BCS; 4 vs...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109584/net-effects-of-nitrogen-fertilization-on-the-nutritive-value-and-digestibility-of-oat-forages
#9
W K Coblentz, M S Akins, J S Cavadini, W E Jokela
Applications of soil amendments containing N are part of routine forage-management strategies for grasses, with a primary goal of increasing forage yield. However, the effects of N fertilization on forage nutritive value, estimates of energy density, and in vitro dry matter or neutral detergent fiber disappearance sometimes have been erratic or inconsistent. Our objectives were to evaluate the effects of N fertilization on the nutritive value of a single cultivar (ForagePlus, Kratz Farms, Slinger, WI) of fall-grown oat fertilized at planting with 20, 40, 60, 80, or 100 kg of N/ha of urea or 2 rates of dairy slurry (42,300 or 84,600 L/ha)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109583/detection-of-recombinant-human-lactoferrin-and-lysozyme-produced-in-a-bitransgenic-cow
#10
Germán G Kaiser, Nicolás C Mucci, Vega González, Lourdes Sánchez, José A Parrón, María D Pérez, Miguel Calvo, Juan F Aller, Federico A Hozbor, Adrián A Mutto
Lactoferrin and lysozyme are 2 glycoproteins with great antimicrobial activity, being part of the nonspecific defensive system of human milk, though their use in commercial products is difficult because human milk is a limited source. Therefore, many investigations have been carried out to produce those proteins in biological systems, such as bacteria, yeasts, or plants. Mammals seem to be more suitable as expression systems for human proteins, however, especially for those that are glycosylated. In the present study, a bicistronic commercial vector containing a goat β-casein promoter and an internal ribosome entry site fragment between the human lactoferrin and human lysozyme genes was developed to allow the introduction of both genes into bovine adult fibroblasts in a single transfection...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109458/increasing-use-of-a-healthy-food-incentive-a-waiting-room-intervention-among-low-income-patients
#11
Alicia J Cohen, Caroline R Richardson, Michele Heisler, Ananda Sen, Ellen C Murphy, Oran B Hesterman, Matthew M Davis, Suzanna M Zick
INTRODUCTION: Diet-related disease is disproportionately concentrated in low-income communities where fruit and vegetable consumption is far below guidelines. To address financial barriers, Double Up Food Bucks (DUFB)-a statewide healthy food incentive-matches Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) funds spent at farmers markets. However, incentive use is limited. This study examined the impact of a brief waiting room-based intervention about DUFB on program utilization and produce consumption...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109457/accelerometry-assessed-latent-class-patterns-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-mortality
#12
Kelly R Evenson, Amy H Herring, Fang Wen
INTRODUCTION: Latent class analysis provides a method for understanding patterns of physical activity and sedentary behavior. This study explored the association of accelerometer-assessed patterns of physical activity/sedentary behavior with all-cause mortality. METHODS: The sample included 4,510 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants aged ≥40 years enrolled in 2003-2006 with mortality follow-up through 2011. Participants used a hip-worn accelerometer for 1 week that provided minute-by-minute information on physical activity/sedentary behavior...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109423/moving-beyond-the-debate-over-restricting-sugary-drinks-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#13
EDITORIAL
Marlene B Schwartz
To address the dual problem of food insecurity and poor nutrition, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has recently revised the nutrition standards for nearly all of its federal food programs to align with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. One notable exception is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Policy proposals to restrict SNAP benefits based on nutrition quality (e.g., excluding sugary drinks) have generated controversy and have polarized previous research and advocacy allies. This essay presents many of the issues that have emerged, which include challenges about the feasibility, justification, and effectiveness of restricting benefits; the risk of a slippery slope; concerns about participant dignity; and finally, distrust about the motives behind promoting and opposing a policy change...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109422/improving-the-nutritional-impact-of-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-perspectives-from-the-participants
#14
Cindy W Leung, Aviva A Musicus, Walter C Willett, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program designed to alleviate food insecurity and improve dietary intake. This study assessed the opinions of SNAP participants and food-insufficient nonparticipants on their perceptions of the program and strategies to improve its nutritional impact. METHODS: This study surveyed 387 individuals via Amazon Mechanical Turk, of whom 118 were SNAP participants and 269 were food insufficient but not enrolled in SNAP (nonparticipants)...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109421/a-proposal-for-improvements-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#15
EDITORIAL
Susan M Levin, Neal D Barnard, Rose E Saltalamacchia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109420/improving-nutrition-by-increasing-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-benefits
#16
Ann M Collins, Jacob A Klerman
The diets of Americans fall far short of recommended dietary guidelines, and those who live in low-income households have even poorer diets than higher-income households. Many low-income Americans rely on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The program's dual goals are to improve food security and nutrition. Among the possible strategies to address dietary shortfalls among low-income Americans is to increase the SNAP benefit. This article uses data from the random assignment evaluation of the Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children demonstration to add new insights on the impact of SNAP on diet quality for households receiving SNAP who also received SNAP-like benefits through Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109419/improving-nutrition-by-limiting-choice-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#17
EDITORIAL
Jacob A Klerman, Ann M Collins, Lauren E W Olsho
In contrast to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) currently allows the purchase of almost any food. This paper reconsiders the role of two forms of limiting choice in SNAP. Using economic theory, descriptive analysis of survey data, and discussion of random assignment evaluation evidence from the Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children Demonstration, the paper argues that because households can substitute cash for SNAP, banning the use of SNAP for less nutritionally desirable foods (e...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109418/rebates-to-incentivize-healthy-nutrition-choices-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#18
EDITORIAL
Lauren E W Olsho, Jacob A Klerman, Susan H Bartlett, Christopher W Logan
Price incentives, or rebates, have been proposed as one promising strategy for improving diet quality among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participants. This paper explores the existing evidence on effectiveness of rebates in this program. In particular, this paper considers findings from a recent RCT of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program rebates, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Healthy Incentives Pilot, in the context of the broader literature on rebate strategies. The paper concludes that rebates have a moderate impact on food intake, at moderate cost relative to alternative interventions...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109417/associations-of-cooking-with-dietary-intake-and-obesity-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-participants
#19
Lindsey Smith Taillie, Jennifer M Poti
INTRODUCTION: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) may help ease economic and time constraints of cooking, helping low-income households prepare healthier meals. Therefore, frequent cooking may be more strongly associated with improved dietary outcomes among SNAP recipients than among income-eligible non-recipients. Alternately, increased frequency of home-cooked meals among SNAP participants may be beneficial simply by replacing fast food intake. This study quantified the association between home cooking and fast food with diet intake and weight status among SNAP recipients...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109416/behavioral-economics-and-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-making-the-healthy-choice-the-easy-choice
#20
EDITORIAL
Alice S Ammerman, Terry Hartman, Molly M DeMarco
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) serves as an important nutritional safety net program for many Americans. Given its aim to use traditional economic levers to provide access to food, the SNAP program includes minimal nutritional requirements and restrictions. As food choices are influenced by more than just economic constraints, behavioral economics may offer insights and tools for altering food purchases for SNAP users. This manuscript outlines behavioral economics strategies that have potential to encourage healthier food choices within the SNAP program...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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