keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Overeating

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347132/radiolabeled-peptides-current-and-new-perspectives
#1
Marta Opalinska, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Anna Sowa-Staszczak
Radiolabeled peptides have been the subject of research for over 20 years and during that time possibility/variety of peptide receptor imaging and later targeted radiotherapy increased significantly. The targeted receptors belong to the large family of G-protein-coupled receptors or tyrosine kinases receptors partially connected with them. They both regulate large signaling networks, control multiple cell functions and are implicated in many diseases including cancers. The essential feature of peptides used in nuclear medicine involves their ability to binding with high affinity and specify to their receptors overexpressed on tumor cells...
June 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346969/the-comparison-of-laparoscopic-and-microsurgical-varicocoelectomy-in-infertile-men-with-varicocoele-on-paternity-rate-12%C3%A2-months-after-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
P Bryniarski, P Taborowski, P Rajwa, Z Kaletka, M Życzkowski, A Paradysz
The best surgical approach for varicocoelectomy is still unknown, however more and more physicians favour subinguinal microsurgery. The aim of this study was to find whether microsurgical approach is superior to laparoscopic varicocoelectomy in terms of pregnancy rate, fertility potential, endocrinological function of the testis, erectile dysfunction and testicle volume increase. It was a prospective, non-masked, parallel-group randomized controlled trial with one to one allocation. It was conducted at authors' institution and designed as per protocol study...
March 27, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346967/anticoagulation-therapy-in-children
#3
Vlad Calin Radulescu
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is very uncommon in children and adolescents compared with older adults, though its incidence has significantly increased over the past two decades. Given the rarity of the condition, the data on pediatric VTE lag behind the adult experience and consequently the management of VTE in children is, in large part, modeled on the adult strategies. This approach has certain limitations, given that young children have developmental particularities of the hemostatic system and differences in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of various anticoagulant agents...
March 27, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346963/point-of-care-testing-in-neurosurgery
#4
Christopher Beynon, Lars Wessels, Andreas W Unterberg
Coagulation disorders can have a major impact on the outcome of neurosurgical patients. The central nervous system is located within the closed space of the skull, and therefore, intracranial hemorrhage can lead to intracranial hypertension. Acute brain injury has been associated with alterations of various hemostatic parameters. Point-of-care (POC) techniques such as rotational thromboelastometry are able to identify markers of coagulopathy which are not reflected by standard assessment of hemostasis (e.g...
March 27, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346936/differential-establishment-of-bifidobacteria-in-the-breastfed-infant-gut
#5
Zachery T Lewis, David A Mills
The composition of an infant's gut microbiome can impact their immediate and long-term health. Bifdobacteria play a major role in structuring the gut microbiome of breastfed infants due to their ability to consume oligosaccharides found in human milk. However, recent studies have revealed that bifidobacteria are often absent in the gut microbiome of breastfed infants in some locations. This lack of colonization may be due either to differences in the environmental conditions in the gastrointestinal tract of uncolonized infants which prohibit the growth of bifidobacteria or a dearth of sources from which infants may acquire these specialized bacterial species...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346925/microbiota-and-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#6
Sanjay Patole
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an acquired gastrointestinal inflammatory condition with significant mortality and morbidity in preterm very low birth weight infants. The interplay between toll-like receptors, bacterial endotoxins, developmentally regulated excessive proinflammatory responses of the immature innate immune system, hypoxia, ischemia, reperfusion, free radicals, and the presence of substrates and bacterial endotoxins is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of NEC. The association (cause?) of various microbes (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) with NEC has intrigued researchers for many years...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346908/different-effects-of-biochar-and-a-nitrification-inhibitor-application-on-paddy-soil-denitrification-a-field-experiment-over-two-consecutive-rice-growing-seasons
#7
Shuwei Wang, Jun Shan, Yongqiu Xia, Quan Tang, Longlong Xia, Jinghui Lin, Xiaoyuan Yan
Biochar and nitrification inhibitors are increasingly being proposed as amendments to improve nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). However, their effects on soil denitrification and the major N loss in rice paddies over an entire rice-growing season are not well understood. In this study, using intact soil core incubation combined with N2/Ar technique, the impacts of biochar and a nitrification inhibitor (Ni), 2-chloro-6-(trichloromethyl)-pyridine, on rice yield and soil denitrification, as well as ammonia (NH3) volatilization, were investigated over two rice-growing seasons in the Taihu Lake region of China...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346905/modeling-the-terrestrial-n-processes-in-a-small-mountain-catchment-through-inca-n-a-case-study-in-taiwan
#8
Meng-Chang Lu, Chung-Te Chang, Teng-Chiu Lin, Lih-Jih Wang, Chiao-Ping Wang, Ting-Chang Hsu, Jr-Chuan Huang
Riverine dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) is an important indicator of trophic status of aquatic ecosystems. High riverine DIN export in Taiwan, ~3800kg-Nkm(-2)yr(-1), which is ~18 times higher than the global average, urges the need of thorough understanding of N cycling processes. We applied INCA-N (Integrated Nitrogen Catchment Model) to simulate riverine DIN export and infer terrestrial N processes using weekly rainwater and streamwater samples collected at the Fushan Experimental Forest (FEF) of northern Taiwan...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346903/the-oceanus-statue-of-the-fontana-di-trevi-rome-the-analysis-of-black-crust-as-a-tool-to-investigate-the-urban-air-pollution-and-its-impact-on-the-stone-degradation
#9
Mauro F La Russa, Paola Fermo, Valeria Comite, Cristina M Belfiore, Donatella Barca, Annamaria Cerioni, Marina De Santis, Lorena Francesca Barbagallo, Michela Ricca, Silvestro A Ruffolo
This paper deals with the analysis of black crust coming from the statue of Oceanus belonging to the Fontana di Trevi (Rome). This monument is undoubtedly one of the main touristic attractions of Rome. During the restoration held between 2014 and 2015, some diagnostic analyses had been carried out. It has been highlighted that the sheltered surfaces suffer the formation of black crust, especially on the marble statues. The possibility to sample those degradation products, together with the unaltered substrate, represented an excellent opportunity to characterize the marble itself, to assess the impact of the urban air pollution on the stone material, and to detect the pollutant on a precise timescale...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346900/growing-season-variability-in-carbon-dioxide-exchange-of-irrigated-and-rainfed-soybean-in-the-southern-united-states
#10
Pradeep Wagle, Prasanna H Gowda, Saseendran S Anapalli, Krishna N Reddy, Brian K Northup
Measurement of carbon dynamics of soybean (Glycine max L.) ecosystems outside Corn Belt of the United States (U.S.) is lacking. This study examines the seasonal variability of net ecosystem CO2 exchange (NEE) and its components (gross primary production, GPP and ecosystem respiration, ER), and relevant controlling environmental factors between rainfed (El Reno, Oklahoma) and irrigated (Stoneville, Mississippi) soybean fields in the southern U.S. during the 2016 growing season. Grain yield was about 1.6tha(-1) for rainfed soybean and 4...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346896/weak-size-dependence-of-resuspended-radiocesium-adsorbed-on-soil-particles-collected-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident
#11
Naoki Kaneyasu, Hideo Ohashi, Fumie Suzuki, Tomoaki Okuda, Fumikazu Ikemori, Naofumi Akata, Toshihiro Kogure
Most studies of the properties of airborne radionuclides emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant have focused on the relatively early stages of the accident, and little is known about the characteristics of radiocesium in the long-term. In this study, we analyzed activity size distributions of airborne radiocesium collected over 5 months in Tsukuba, Japan. Radiocesium in the accumulation mode size range (0.1-2 μm in aerodynamic diameter) was overwhelming in the early aerosol samples and decreased with time, while that associated with coarse aerosols remained airborne...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346887/high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-as-an-alternative-detection-method-to-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-the-analysis-of-endogenous-steroids-in-serum
#12
Federico Ponzetto, Julien Boccard, Norbert Baume, Tiia Kuuranne, Serge Rudaz, Martial Saugy, Raul Nicoli
Recently, steroid hormones quantification in blood showed a promising ability to detect testosterone doping and interesting complementarities with the urinary module of the Athlete Biological Passport (ABP). In this work, an ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS) method was developed for the quantification of eleven endogenous steroids in serum. The performance of the full scan and targeted SIM acquisition modes was evaluated and compared to the performance of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346880/human-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-and-liver-health-status-quantification-of-urinary-and-circulating-levels-by-lc-ms-ms
#13
Carla Nicolucci, Sonia Errico, Alessandro Federico, Marcello Dallio, Carmelina Loguercio, Nadia Diano
A selective and highly sensitive analytical methodology for determination of Bisphenol A in human plasma was developed and validated. The method was based on selective liquid/solid extraction, combined with liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry in the multiple reaction monitoring mode and negative ionization. The linearity of the detector response was verified in human plasma over the concentration range 0.100-200ngmL(-1). The detection limit was 0.03ngmL(-1) and the quantification limit was 0...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346870/-to-the-victor-go-the-spoils-infants-expect-resources-to-align-with-dominance-structures
#14
Elizabeth A Enright, Hyowon Gweon, Jessica A Sommerville
Previous research has found that within the first year of life infants possess rich knowledge about social structures (i.e., that some individuals are dominant over other individuals) as well as expectations about resource distributions (i.e., that resources are typically distributed equally to recipients). We investigated whether infants' expectations about resource distribution can be modulated by information about the dominance structure between the recipients. We first replicated the finding that infants attribute a stable dominance hierarchy to a pair of individuals when their goals conflicted and one individual yielded to the other (Expt...
March 24, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346851/aquatic-therapy-for-people-with-lymphedema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Wai Yeung, Adam I Semciw
BACKGROUND: Aquatic therapy has several proposed benefits for people with lymphedema. A systematic review of the evidence for aquatic therapy in lymphedema management has not been conducted. METHOD AND RESULTS: Systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. Five electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of people with lymphedema, which compared aquatic therapy with other lymphedema interventions. Qualitative analysis was undertaken where quantitative analysis was not possible...
March 27, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346833/arthroscopic-hip-surgery-in-the-elite-athlete-comparison-of-female-and-male-competitive-athletes
#16
Kotaro R Shibata, Shuichi Matsuda, Marc R Safran
BACKGROUND: Few studies have published the results of hip arthroscopic surgery in elite athletes and none studying a significant number of elite female athletes. PURPOSE: (1) To compare sex-based differences in the ability to return to prior competitive sports activity after arthroscopic hip surgery. (2) To compare sex-based differences in the type of sports activity, diagnosis, and treatment in athletes requiring hip arthroscopic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346823/design-and-monitoring-of-multi-arm-multi-stage-clinical-trials
#17
Pranab Ghosh, Lingyun Liu, P Senchaudhuri, Ping Gao, Cyrus Mehta
Two-arm group sequential designs have been widely used for over 40 years, especially for studies with mortality endpoints. The natural generalization of such designs to trials with multiple treatment arms and a common control (MAMS designs) has, however, been implemented rarely. While the statistical methodology for this extension is clear, the main limitation has been an efficient way to perform the computations. Past efforts were hampered by algorithms that were computationally explosive. With the increasing interest in adaptive designs, platform designs, and other innovative designs that involve multiple comparisons over multiple stages, the importance of MAMS designs is growing rapidly...
March 27, 2017: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346814/nicotinamide-riboside-a-form-of-vitamin-b3-and-nad-precursor-relieves-the-nociceptive-and-aversive-dimensions-of-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-female-rats
#18
Marta V Hamity, Stephanie R White, Roxanne Y Walder, Mark S Schmidt, Charles Brenner, Donna L Hammond
Injury to sensory afferents may contribute to the peripheral neuropathies that develop after administration of chemotherapeutic agents. Manipulations that increase levels of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) can protect against neuronal injury. This study examined whether nicotinamide riboside (NR), a third form of vitamin B3 and precursor of NAD, diminishes tactile hypersensitivity and place escape-avoidance behaviors in a rodent model of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy. Female Sprague-Dawley rats received 3 intravenous injections of 6...
January 30, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346796/harnessing-external-cues-development-and-evaluation-of-an-in-vitro-culture-system-for-osteochondral-tissue-engineering
#19
Deborah L Dorcemus, Eve O George, Caroline N Dealy, Syam P Nukavarapu
Over the last decade, engineered structures have been developed for osteochondral (OC) tissue regeneration. While the optimal structure design is yet to be determined, these scaffolds require in vitro evaluation before clinical use. However, the means by which complex scaffolds, such as OC scaffolds, can be tested are limited. Taking advantage of a mesenchymal stem cell's (MSC's) ability to respond to its surrounding we harness external cues, such as the cell's mechanical environment and delivered factors, to create an in vitro culture system for OC tissue engineering with a single cell source on a gradient yet integrated scaffold system...
March 24, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346787/assembly-and-speed-in-ion-exchange-based-modular-phoretic-micro-swimmers
#20
Ran Niu, Denis Botin, Julian Weber, Alexander Reinmüller, Thomas Palberg
We report an experimental study on ion-exchange based modular micro-swimmers in low-salt water. Cationic ion-exchange particles and passive cargo particles assemble into self-propelling complexes, showing self-propulsion at speeds of several microns per second over extended distances and times. We quantify the assembly and speed of the complexes for different combinations of ion exchange particles and cargo particles, substrate types, salt types and concentrations, and cell geometries. Irrespective of experimental boundary conditions, we observe a regular development of the assembly shape with increasing number of cargo...
March 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
keyword
keyword
63946
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"