keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

face memory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346535/caudwell-xtreme-everest-a-prospective-study-of-the-effects-of-environmental-hypoxia-on-cognitive-functioning
#1
Konstadina Griva, Jan Stygall, Mark H Wilson, Daniel Martin, Denny Levett, Kay Mitchell, Monty Mythen, Hugh E Montgomery, Mike P Grocott, Golnar Aref-Adib, Mark Edsell, Tracie Plant, Chris Imray, Debbie Cooke, Jane Harrington, Maryam Khosravi, Stanton P Newman
BACKGROUND: The neuropsychological consequences of exposure to environmental hypobaric hypoxia (EHH) remain unclear. We thus investigated them in a large group of healthy volunteers who trekked to Mount Everest base camp (5,300 m). METHODS: A neuropsychological (NP) test battery assessing memory, language, attention, and executive function was administered to 198 participants (age 44.5±13.7 years; 60% male). These were studied at baseline (sea level), 3,500 m (Namche Bazaar), 5,300 m (Everest Base Camp) and on return to 1,300 m (Kathmandu) (attrition rate 23...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342383/own-attractiveness-and-perceived-relationship-quality-shape-sensitivity-in-women-s-memory-for-other-men-on-the-attractiveness-dimension
#2
Christopher D Watkins, Mike J Nicholls, Carlota Batres, Dengke Xiao, Sean Talamas, David I Perrett
Although recent work suggests that opposite-sex facial attractiveness is less salient in memory when individuals are in a committed romantic relationship, romantic relationship quality can vary over time. In light of this, we tested whether activating concerns about romantic relationship quality strengthens memory for attractive faces. Partnered women were exposed briefly to faces manipulated in shape cues to attractiveness before either being asked to think about a moment of emotional closeness or distance in their current relationship...
March 22, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340237/pain-and-cognition-in-multiple-sclerosis
#3
R Scherder, N Kant, E Wolf, A C M Pijnenburg, E Scherder
Objective. : The goal of the present study was to examine the relationship between pain and cognition in patients with multiple sclerosis. Design. : Cross-sectional. Setting. : Nursing home and personal environment of the investigators. Subjects. : Two groups of participants were included: 91 patients with multiple sclerosis and 80 matched control participants. Methods. : The level of pain was measured by the following pain scales: Number of Words Chosen-Affective, Colored Analogue Scale for pain intensity and suffering from pain, and the Faces Pain Scale...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338743/incidental-memory-for-faces-in-children-with-different-genetic-subtypes-of-prader-willi-syndrome
#4
Alexandra P Key, Elisabeth M Dykens
The present study examined the effects of genetic subtype on social memory in children (7-16 years) with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Visual event-related potentials (ERPs) during a passive viewing task were used to compare incidental memory traces for repeated vs single presentations of previously unfamiliar social (faces) and nonsocial (houses) images in 15 children with the deletion subtype and 13 children with maternal uniparental disomy (mUPD). While all participants perceived faces as different from houses (N170 responses), repeated faces elicited more positive ERP amplitudes ('old/new' effect, 250-500ms) only in children with the deletion subtype...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334487/growing-up-with-perinatal-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-life-not-expected
#5
Elaine Fay Williams
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the lived experience of young adults with perinatally acquired HIV (PaHIV). BACKGROUND: The advancement of the highly active antiretroviral treatment, PaHIV-infection has transformed into a chronic lifelong illness that is faced by young adults who grew up with HIV. The known challenges that are associated with HIV are poverty, stigma and social and emotional isolation. DESIGN: This was a qualitative single interview study of a convenience sample of PaHIV-infected young adults receiving care at a large metropolitan pediatric hospital...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333505/competing-cues-older-adults-rely-on-knowledge-in-the-face-of-fluency
#6
Nadia M Brashier, Sharda Umanath, Roberto Cabeza, Elizabeth J Marsh
Consumers regularly encounter repeated false claims in political and marketing campaigns, but very little empirical work addresses their impact among older adults. Repeated statements feel easier to process, and thus more truthful, than new ones (i.e., illusory truth). When judging truth, older adults' accumulated general knowledge may offset this perception of fluency. In two experiments, participants read statements that contradicted information stored in memory; a post-experimental knowledge check confirmed what individual participants knew...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329909/testing-the-boundaries-of-boundary-extension-anticipatory-scene-representation-across-development-and-disorder
#7
G Spanò, H Intraub, J O Edgin
Recent studies have suggested that Boundary Extension (BE), a scene construction error, may be linked to the function of the hippocampus. In this study, we tested BE in two groups with variations in hippocampal development and disorder: a typically developing sample ranging from preschool to adolescence and individuals with Down syndrome. We assessed BE across three different test modalities: drawing, visual recognition, and a 3D scene boundary reconstruction task. Despite confirmed fluctuations in memory function measured through a neuropsychological assessment, the results showed consistent BE in all groups across test modalities, confirming the near universal nature of BE...
March 22, 2017: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303327/rotational-error-in-path-integration-encoding-and-execution-errors-in-angle-reproduction
#8
Elizabeth R Chrastil, William H Warren
Path integration is fundamental to human navigation. When a navigator leaves home on a complex outbound path, they are able to keep track of their approximate position and orientation and return to their starting location on a direct homebound path. However, there are several sources of error during path integration. Previous research has focused almost exclusively on encoding error-the error in registering the outbound path in memory. Here, we also consider execution error-the error in the response, such as turning and walking a homebound trajectory...
March 16, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302197/-event-related-potential-of-working-memory-on-emotional-faces-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Cai-Juan Xu, Ling Zhang, Ning Pan, Qiong-Xi Lin, Jun Ye, Jin Jing, Yu Jin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of working memory ability on emotional faces and related event-related potential (ERP) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: The Chinese Facial Affective Picture System was used as test material, and the event-related potential system was used to record the electroencephalographic data when 16 ASD children aged 6-12 years (ASD group) and 14 normal children matched for age (control group) were completing the facial emotion delayed match-to-sample task...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292217/influence-of-social-anxiety-on-recognition-memory-for-happy-and-angry-faces-comparison-between-own-and-other-race-faces
#10
Mariko Kikutani
The reported experiment investigated memory of unfamiliar faces and how it is influenced by race, facial expression, direction of gaze, and observers' level of social anxiety. Eighty- seven Japanese participants initially memorized images of Oriental and Caucasian faces displaying either happy or angry expressions with direct or averted gaze. They then saw the previously seen faces and additional distractor faces displaying neutral expressions, and judged if they had seen them before. Their level of social anxiety was measured with a questionnaire...
March 15, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285333/south-asian-health-from-research-to-practice-and-policy-an-overview
#11
Francesca Gany, Latha Palaniappan, Lakshmi Prasad, Sudha Acharya, Jennifer Leng
The US South Asian population has grown tremendously, and is now over 2.5 million. South Asians often face tremendous cultural, socioeconomic, linguistic and structural obstacles to good health, and face staggering cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer risk. Coupled with this is a paucity of detailed data on the population's unique CVD and cancer risk profiles, etiologic mechanisms, and effective interventions to address South Asian health disparities. This data gap compelled an initiative to develop more targeted research and evidence-based practice and policy approaches...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282414/cognitive-control-attention-and-the-other-race-effect-in-memory
#12
Thackery I Brown, Melina R Uncapher, Tiffany E Chow, Jennifer L Eberhardt, Anthony D Wagner
People are better at remembering faces from their own race than other races-a phenomenon with significant societal implications. This Other Race Effect (ORE) in memory could arise from different attentional allocation to, and cognitive control over, same- and other-race faces during encoding. Deeper or more differentiated processing of same-race faces could yield more robust representations of same- vs. other-race faces that could support better recognition memory. Conversely, to the extent that other-race faces may be characterized by lower perceptual expertise, attention and cognitive control may be more important for successful encoding of robust, distinct representations of these stimuli...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267591/the-role-of-eye-fixation-in-memory-enhancement-under-stress-an-eye-tracking-study
#13
Nadja Herten, Tobias Otto, Oliver T Wolf
In a stressful situation, attention is shifted to potentially relevant stimuli. Recent studies from our laboratory revealed that participants stressed perform superior in a recognition task involving objects of the stressful episode. In order to characterize the role of a stress induced alteration in visual exploration, the present study investigated whether participants experiencing a laboratory social stress situation differ in their fixation from participants of a control group. Further, we aimed at shedding light on the relation of fixation behaviour with obtained memory measures...
March 3, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264977/constant-light-desynchronises-olfactory-versus-object-and-visuospatial-recognition-memory-performance
#14
Shu K E Tam, Sibah Hasan, Harry M C Choi, Laurence A Brown, Aarti Jagannath, Steven Hughes, Mark W Hankins, Russell G Foster, Vladyslav V Vyazovskiy, David M Bannerman, Stuart N Peirson
Circadian rhythms optimise physiology and behaviour to the varying demands of the 24-hour day. The master circadian clock is located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus and it regulates circadian oscillators in tissues throughout the body to prevent internal desynchrony. Here we demonstrate for the first time that, under standard 12-h:12-h light--dark cycles (LD), object, visuospatial, and olfactory recognition performance in C57BL/6J mice is consistently better at midday relative to midnight...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263619/the-role-of-attention-in-item-item-binding-in-visual-working-memory
#15
Dwight J Peterson, Moshe Naveh-Benjamin
An important yet unresolved question regarding visual working memory (VWM) relates to whether or not binding processes within VWM require additional attentional resources compared with processing solely the individual components comprising these bindings. Previous findings indicate that binding of surface features (e.g., colored shapes) within VWM is not demanding of resources beyond what is required for single features. However, it is possible that other types of binding, such as the binding of complex, distinct items (e...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261138/explaining-sad-people-s-memory-advantage-for-faces
#16
Peter J Hills, Zoe Marquardt, Isabel Young, Imogen Goodenough
Sad people recognize faces more accurately than happy people (Hills et al., 2011). We devised four hypotheses for this finding that are tested between in the current study. The four hypotheses are: (1) sad people engage in more expert processing associated with face processing; (2) sad people are motivated to be more accurate than happy people in an attempt to repair their mood; (3) sad people have a defocused attentional strategy that allows more information about a face to be encoded; and (4) sad people scan more of the face than happy people leading to more facial features to be encoded...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257060/parameter-selection-and-performance-comparison-of-particle-swarm-optimization-in-sensor-networks-localization
#17
Huanqing Cui, Minglei Shu, Min Song, Yinglong Wang
Localization is a key technology in wireless sensor networks. Faced with the challenges of the sensors' memory, computational constraints, and limited energy, particle swarm optimization has been widely applied in the localization of wireless sensor networks, demonstrating better performance than other optimization methods. In particle swarm optimization-based localization algorithms, the variants and parameters should be chosen elaborately to achieve the best performance. However, there is a lack of guidance on how to choose these variants and parameters...
March 1, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253077/temporal-proximity-promotes-integration-of-overlapping-events
#18
Dagmar Zeithamova, Alison R Preston
Events with overlapping elements can be encoded as two separate representations or linked into an integrated representation; yet, we know little about the conditions that promote one form of representation over the other. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the proximity of overlapping events would increase the probability of integration. Participants first established memories for house-object and face-object pairs; half of the pairs were learned 24 hr before a fMRI session, and the other half 30 min before the session...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243198/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-a-new-strategy-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#19
REVIEW
Agustina Birba, Agustín Ibáñez, Lucas Sedeño, Jesica Ferrari, Adolfo M García, Máximo Zimerman
Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques can significantly modulate cognitive functions in healthy subjects and patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. Recently, they have been applied in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subjective cognitive impairment (SCI) to prevent or delay the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we review this emerging empirical corpus and discuss therapeutic effects of NIBS on several target functions (e.g., memory for face-name associations and non-verbal recognition, attention, psychomotor speed, everyday memory)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237194/three-sets-of-case-studies-suggest-logic-and-consistency-challenges-with-value-frameworks
#20
Joshua T Cohen, Jordan E Anderson, Peter J Neumann
OBJECTIVE: To assess the logic and consistency of three prominent value frameworks. METHODS: We reviewed the value frameworks from three organizations: the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (DrugAbacus), the American Society of Clinical Oncologists, and the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review. For each framework, we developed case studies to explore the degree to which the frameworks have face validity in the sense that they are consistent with four important principles: value should be proportional to a therapy's benefit; components of value should matter to framework users (patients and payers); attribute weights should reflect user preferences; and value estimates used to inform therapy prices should reflect per-person benefit...
February 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
keyword
keyword
63940
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"