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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332234/attitudes-of-u-s-psychiatry-residents-and-fellows-towards-mental-illness-and-its-causes-a-comparison-study-with-medical-students
#1
Catherine Chiles, Elina Stefanovics, Robert Rosenheck
Stigma towards people with mental illness remains a burden for patients and healthcare providers. This study at a large US university examined the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows towards mental illness and its causes, and whether their attitudes differed from the medical student attitudes previously studied utilizing the same survey method. An electronic questionnaire examining attitudes toward people with mental illness, causes of mental Illness, and treatment efficacy was used to survey the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows...
January 13, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302928/trends-in-md-phd-graduates-entering-psychiatry-assessing-the-physician-scientist-pipeline
#2
Melissa R Arbuckle, Sean X Luo, Harold Alan Pincus, Joshua A Gordon, Joyce Y Chung, Mark Chavez, Maria A Oquendo
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify trends in MD/PhD graduates entering psychiatry, to compare these trends with other specialties, and to review strategies for enhancing the physician-scientist pipeline. METHODS: Data on 226,588 medical students graduating from Liaison Committee on Medical Education accredited programs between 1999 and 2012 (6626 MD/PhDs) were used to evaluate the number, percentage, and proportion of MD/PhDs entering psychiatry in comparison with other specialties (neurology, neurosurgery, internal medicine, family medicine, and radiation oncology)...
January 4, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299832/the-2016-survey-of-the-association-of-directors-of-medical-student-education-in-psychiatry
#3
Lia A Thomas, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Richard M Balon
OBJECTIVE: The members of the Association of Directors of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry (ADMSEP) had been last surveyed in 2010 to identify trends in medical student education in psychiatry, teaching methods, academic productivity, and administrative issues. With increasing requirements, ADMSEP members were surveyed in 2016 to characterize current expectations for and needs of medical student educators in psychiatry. METHODS: A 53-item survey was sent to members of ADMSEP (n=260) and to clerkship directors nationwide...
January 3, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278637/medical-education-changes-students-attitudes-on-psychiatry-survey-among-medical-students-in-croatia
#4
Ana Medic Flajsman, Dunja Degmecic, Tamara Pranjkovic, Stanislav Rogulja, Dina Bošnjak, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
In Croatia, psychiatric disorders are the leading group of disorders by days of hospitalization and they are in second place according to the number of hospitalizations in the period of working age. Nevertheless, psychiatry in Croatia, as well as in the world, is one of the least attractive specialties for medical students. In this paper we determined the impact of compulsory education in psychiatry on the attitudes of medical students of the fourth year of the Zagreb school of medicine and Osijek school of medicine...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240463/assessing-the-validity-of-a-multidisciplinary-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise
#5
Susan Humphrey-Murto, Mylène Côté, Debra Pugh, Timothy J Wood
Construct: The purpose of this study was to provide validity evidence for the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) as an assessment tool for clinical skills in the workplace. BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated validity evidence for the mini-CEX, but most studies were carried out in internal medicine or single disciplines, therefore limiting generalizability of the findings. If the mini-CEX is to be used in multidisciplinary contexts, then validity evidence should be gathered in similar settings...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237196/-young-academics-in-neuropsychological-disciplines-factors-affecting-career-aspiration-in-psychiatry-neurology-and-psychosomatic-medicine
#6
Susanne Lange-Kasch, Janine Wirkner, Richard Kasch, Harald J Freyberger, Steffen Fleßa, Harry Merk, Thomas Klauer
Objective Students with specialization preferences in psychiatry, neurology, or psychosomatic medicine were retrospectively compared with regard to aspects of motivation to choose medicine as their field of study. Methods To identify early predictors of specialization preferences, a nationwide online survey was conducted with 9079 medical students. The statements of those with a preference for neurology, psychiatry, or psychosomatic medicine were evaluated using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results Prospective neurologists were motivated by scientific interest variables and less by the aspects of life management...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233315/student-pharmacist-experiences-as-inpatient-psychiatry-medication-education-group-leaders-during-an-early-immersion-program
#7
Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Lindsey Kennedy, Shauna Garris, Suzanne C Harris, Ashley Hillman, Nicole R Pinelli, Denise H Rhoney
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While research suggests that pharmacists generally hold positive attitudes toward consumers of psychiatric medications, they often feel less comfortable talking about these medications and providing services for patients with mental illness. The purpose of this program was to train second and third year student pharmacists as psychiatry medication education groups leaders and to examine resulting student self-efficacy and mental health stigma. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In partnership with the University of North Carolina (UNC) Eshelman School of Pharmacy, the inpatient psychiatry service at UNC Medical Center expanded weekly medication education groups with the help of trained student pharmacists...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220581/high-stakes-collaborative-testing-why-not
#8
Ruth E Levine, Nicole J Borges, Brenda J B Roman, Lisa R Carchedi, Mark H Townsend, Jeffrey S Cluver, Julia Frank, Oma Morey, Paul Haidet, Britta M Thompson
Phenomenon: Studies of high-stakes collaborative testing remain sparse, especially in medical education. We explored high-stakes collaborative testing in medical education, looking specifically at the experiences of students in established and newly formed teams. APPROACH: Third-year psychiatry students at 5 medical schools across 6 sites participated, with 4 participating as established team sites and 2 as comparison team sites. For the collaborative test, we used the National Board of Medical Examiners Psychiatry subject test, administering it via a 2-stage process...
December 8, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217919/attitude-of-medical-students-towards-psychiatry-the-case-of-jimma-university-southwest-ethiopia
#9
Hailemariam Hailesilassie, Habtamu Kerebih, Alemayehu Negash, Eshetu Girma, Mathias Siebeck, Markos Tesfaye
Background: The inability to attract medical graduates to specialize in psychiatry has always been a serious challenge to psychiatry training programs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the attitude of medical students towards psychiatry. Methods: A comparative cross-sectional survey was conducted among 122 fourth year medical students of Jimma University. The attitude of medical students towards psychiatry was measured by Attitude toward Psychiatry - 30 (ATP-30)...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216609/what-kinds-of-factors-affect-the-academic-outcomes-of-university-students-with-mental-disorders-a-retrospective-study-based-on-medical-records
#10
Terumi Ishii, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Yuki Shiratori, Takafumi Hori, Miyuki Aiba, Keisuke Kuga, Tetsuaki Arai
AIMS: University students that suffer from mental disorders seem to have difficulty graduating. Therefore, we investigated risk and protective factors of dropping out with the aim of improving such students' academic outcomes. METHODS: First, we statistically compared the academic outcomes of 203 undergraduate students who received treatment in the Department of Psychiatry of the Tsukuba University Health Center to those of matched controls. Second, clinical factors of 370 mentally ill students were statistically compared between the dropout and graduate groups...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204755/teaching-empathy-the-implementation-of-a-video-game-into-a-psychiatry-clerkship-curriculum
#11
Andrew Chen, Jessie J Hanna, Adithya Manohar, Anthony Tobia
OBJECTIVE: Empathy plays an important role for physicians, but the literature demonstrates that it often deteriorates during medical school. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of the interactive video game "That Dragon, Cancer" as a tool to teach empathy to third-year medical students. METHODS: The authors gave a modified, Jefferson Scales of Physician Empathy (JSPE) to 84 third-year medical students in their psychiatry clerkship before and after they played and completed "That Dragon, Cancer" during the 2016-2017 academic calendar year...
December 4, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192410/simulating-clinical-psychiatry-for-medical-students-a-comprehensive-clinic-simulator-with-virtual-patients-and-an-electronic-medical-record-system
#12
Yoshihito Matsumura, Hideto Shinno, Takahiro Mori, Yu Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: A number of programs representing virtual patients for use in teaching settings have been developed in the field of psychiatry; however, they simulate only the interview process, not the entire scope of treatment. The authors have developed software through which students can experience the practice of psychiatry (in particular, with dementia patients) in its entirety. This study compares this software with conventional learning methods. METHOD: The control group was 43 fifth-year medical students in 2014 who studied using a conventional learning method (taking lectures and being in contact with actual patients)...
November 30, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184969/out-of-pocket-health-expenditures-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-anxiety-schizophrenia-and-other-psychotic-disorders-findings-from-a-study-in-a-psychiatry-outpatient-clinic-in-turkey
#13
Duygu Islek, Bulent Kilic, Berna Binnur Akdede
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore the amount of OOP health expenditures and their determinants in patients with bipolar disorder, anxiety, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders in a psychiatry outpatient clinic of Turkey. METHODS: The study group was 191 patients who attended to the Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic in June 2014. All patients were previously diagnosed with either 'bipolar disorder', 'anxiety disorder' or 'schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders'...
November 28, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151788/attitudes-toward-mentally-ill-patients-a-comparison-between-romanian-and-international-medical-students
#14
Codruta Alina Popescu, Anca Dana Buzoianu, Soimita Mihaela Suciu, Sebastian Mihai Armean
Background: Stigmatizing attitudes to mental illness, and especially schizophrenia, are not limited to the general population but are also common among health professionals. Health professionals are in a position to model health related attitudes both in the general public and patients. Medical students are an interesting group to focus upon, since they are future health professionals and correcting stigmatizing attitudes is still possible during their educational curriculum. Methods: This study investigated the attitude toward mental illness in medical students at the Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067838/stigmatization-towards-the-mentally-ill-perceptions-of-psychiatrists-pre-clinical-and-post-clinical-rotation-medical-students
#15
Hendri-Charl Eksteen, Piet J Becker, Gian Lippi
BACKGROUND: Stigma towards the mentally ill is a well-known phenomenon and it is not restricted to certain communities or countries. Stigma, be it self-stigma or public stigma, has a major influence in mental health care. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether stigmatizing attitudes towards the mentally ill differ according to the level of knowledge about psychiatric illnesses and whether the level of exposure towards the mentally ill plays a role in stigmatizing attitudes...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056610/problem-based-peer-to-peer-global-mental-health-e-learning-between-the-uk-and-somaliland-a-pilot-study
#16
Roberta Murphy, Elliot Clissold, Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: WHO's mental health gap action programme intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) is an evidence-based tool aimed at front-line health workers in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Its potential to improve global mental health education, especially through digital technologies, has been little studied. Problem-based learning (PBL) is usually conducted face-to-face, but its remote application could facilitate cross-cultural education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate PBL, applied to peer-to-peer global mental health e-learning (Aqoon), using mhGAP-IG...
October 22, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034811/mental-illness-stigma-among-medical-students-and-teachers
#17
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019115/what-do-final-year-medical-students-understand-by-the-concept-of-recovery-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#18
Giles Newton-Howes, Georgia Beverley, Pete M Ellis, Sarah Gordon, William Levack
OBJECTIVE: Traditional teaching in psychiatry does little to address recovery concepts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incorporation of a recovery-focused teaching program for medical students in psychiatry. METHODS: Recovery, as understood by medical students who had participated in a recovery-focused teaching program, was assessed by thematic analysis of recovery-focused assessment reflections. RESULTS: Six major themes emerged from the recovery reflections from final year medical students are as follows: (1) recovery as a person-centered approach, (2) the need for social integration, (3) non-diagnostic framing of mental illness, (4) tensions between the medical model and personal recovery, (5) a patient's willingness to engage with mental health services, and (6) the development of a positive sense of self...
October 10, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992547/medical-students-attitudes-to-mental-illnesses-and-to-psychiatry-before-and-after-the-psychiatric-clerkship-training-in-a-specialty-and-a-general-hospital
#19
Marina Economou, Kontantinos Kontoangelos, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Aikaterini Arvaniti, Maria Samakouri, Athanasios Douzenis, George N Papadimitriou
Medical students' attitudes to mental illnesses and psychiatry may be reshaped during the psychiatric training, with important implications in their future practice of the profession. Therefore, the present study set out to explore the impact of the psychiatric clerkship in students' attitudes, while taking into consideration the site of their practical training. To this end, a total of 678 final-year medical students were recruited. Students completed a self-reported questionnaire entailing the Attitudes to Psychiatry scale, the Attitudes to Mental Illness scale and the Greek Social Distance scale before and after their placement...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987290/medical-student-experiences-on-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-rotations-a-nationwide-survey
#20
Fremonta Meyer, Omair Abbasi, David Kasick, Kewchang Lee, Christine Pelic, Jennifer Zinser, Thomas Harris, Margo Funk
BACKGROUND: Consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry clerkship rotations may improve medical students' understanding of psychiatric principles relevant to the settings in which they will ultimately practice. This study aimed to characterize students' experiences on C-L rotations. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study, sponsored by the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine Subcommittee on Medical Student Education, was conducted at 5 US medical schools between 2012 and 2016...
January 2018: Psychosomatics
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