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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679851/electronic-journal-clubs-for-capacity-building-a-case-study-in-psychiatry-as-a-model-for-medical-disciplines-in-developing-countries
#1
Abha Thakurdesai, Abhishek Ghosh, Vikas Menon, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Adarsh Tripathi, Devavrat Harshe, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JCs) teach participants how to critically read and assimilate materials published in journals. Electronic JCs (eJCs) provide a similar platform through internet groups, allowing members to participate in and review JC activities as well as JC archives in their free time. METHODS: We describe the operations and the successes of eJCIndia, to our knowledge the first eJC in India in the field of mental health. eJCIndia was started for capacity building in teaching and research competence in the field...
April 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661008/psychiatry-in-american-medical-education-the-case-of-harvard-s-medical-school-1900-1945
#2
Tara H Abraham
As American psychiatrists moved from the asylum to the private clinic during the early twentieth century, psychiatry acquired a growing presence within medical school curricula. This shift in disciplinary status took place at a time when medical education itself was experiencing a period of reform. By examining medical school registers at Harvard University, records from the Dean's office of Harvard's medical school, and oral histories, this paper examines the rise in prominence of psychiatry in medical education...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625572/standardized-patients-in-psychiatry-the-best-way-to-learn-clinical-skills
#3
Monika Himmelbauer, Tamara Seitz, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Standardized patients (SP) have been successfully utilized in medical education to train students' communication skills. At the Medical University of Vienna communication training with SPs in psychiatry is a mandatory part of the curriculum. In the training, the SP plays the role of four different patients suffering from depression/suicidal tendencies, somatoform disorder, anxiety disorder, or borderline disorder while the student attempts to gather the patient's medical history...
April 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593577/predicting-medical-students-current-attitudes-toward-psychiatry-interest-in-psychiatry-and-estimated-likelihood-of-working-in-psychiatry-a-cross-sectional-study-in-four-european-countries
#4
Ingeborg Warnke, Alex Gamma, Maria Buadze, Roman Schleifer, Carlos Canela, Bernd Strebel, Tamás Tényi, Wulf Rössler, Nicolas Rüsch, Michael Liebrenz
Psychiatry as a medical discipline is becoming increasingly important due to the high and increasing worldwide burden associated with mental disorders. Surprisingly, however, there is a lack of young academics choosing psychiatry as a career. Previous evidence on medical students' perspectives is abundant but has methodological shortcomings. Therefore, by attempting to avoid previous shortcomings, we aimed to contribute to a better understanding of the predictors of the following three outcome variables: current medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry, interest in psychiatry, and estimated likelihood of working in psychiatry...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573566/teaching-paediatric-transgender-care
#5
Stanley R Vance, Brian Lasofsky, Elizabeth Ozer, Sara M Buckelew
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of online modules - as stand-alone training - on paediatric transgender-related self-perceived knowledge, objective knowledge, and clinical self-efficacy of learners. We previously evaluated the online modules as part of a larger curriculum that included observation in a paediatric transgender clinic, and assessed change in self-perceived knowledge. METHODS: Paediatric interns, psychiatry interns, fourth-year medical students and nurse practitioner students were administered assessments before and after the completion of six online modules focused on medical and psychosocial considerations for transgender youth...
March 24, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564546/sports-psychiatry-mental-health-and-mental-disorders-in-athletes-and-exercise-treatment-of-mental-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Andreas Ströhle
Sports psychiatry has developed for the past 3 decades as an emerging field within psychiatry and sports medicine. An International society has been established in 1994 and also national interest groups were implemented, mostly within the national organizations for psychiatry, some also containing the topic of exercise treatment of mental disorders. Where are we now 30 years later? We systematically but also selectively review the medical literature on exercise, sport, psychiatry, mental health and mental disorders and related topics...
March 21, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536395/the-effect-of-administering-a-boundary-course-to-third-year-medical-students-during-their-psychiatry-clerkship
#7
Sindhura Kunaparaju, Michael Sposito Hidalgo, David S Bennett, Karim Sedky
OBJECTIVES: Due to lack of experience, third-year medical students (MS3) may be vulnerable to boundary violations. Investigators aimed to increase awareness regarding boundary issues among MS3s and assess the effect of using videotaped scenarios and case-based discussion on medical students' comfort in managing boundary issues. METHODS: A nine-question pre-course survey was administered to MS3s enrolled at Cooper Medical School of Rowan University that asked students to rate their comfort in managing various boundary challenges...
March 13, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527049/ranchi-institute-of-neuro-psychiatry-and-allied-sciences-a-pioneer-in-the-field-of-psychiatry-in-india
#8
Suprakash Chaudhury, Ajay Kumar Bakhla, Subhas Soren
Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences (RINPAS; Ranchi Indian Mental Hospital; Ranchi Manasik Aryogyashala) traces its origin from a lunatic asylum for Indian soldiers established at Munghyr in Bihar in 1795 and thus is the first mental hospital in India established by the British purely for Indian patients as well as the second oldest functioning mental hospital in India. The hospital made great strides in improving patients care and using modern methods of assessment and treatment as well as education and research during the tenure of Dr J E Dhunjibhoy the first Indian medical superintendent...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523127/positive-predictive-value-of-medical-student-specialty-choices
#9
M Douglas Jones, Traci Yamashita, Randal G Ross, Jennifer Gong
BACKGROUND: Although medical school programs oriented toward postgraduate specialty training have the potential to reduce the duration and cost of medical school for US medical students, success depends on the ability of students to predict their postgraduate specialties. It is clear that first-year choices are poorly predictive, but it is not known when predictions become sufficiently reliable to support specialty-oriented learning programs. We therefore examined the predictive value of specialty preferences expressed at the ends of the first, second and third years of medical school and asked whether concurrent expressions of confidence in choices improved predictive ability...
March 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508204/medical-student-attitudes-towards-people-with-mental-illness-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#10
Audrey Luo, Hongbo He, Somaia Mohamed, Robert Rosenheck
Stigma towards people with mental illness is a worldwide concern. A five-nation survey of medical student attitudes towards people with mental illness recently reported far lower levels of social acceptance among Chinese medical students compared to those from the US, Brazil, Ghana, and Nigeria. This qualitative study presented recent Chinese medical school graduates with probes based on questions used in the aforementioned cross-national study to elicit their views of factors underlying the negative attitudes towards social acceptance of people with mental illness...
March 5, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497205/does-exposure-to-a-seclusion-and-restraint-event-during-clerkship-influence-medical-student-s-attitudes-toward-psychiatry
#11
Shabnam Sood, Devna Rastogi, Gilbert Ramos, Napatkamon Ayutyanont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490525/the-alignment-imperative-in-curriculum-renewal
#12
Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Maria Mylopoulos, Paul Tonin, Stacey Bernstein, Pier Bryden, Marcus Law, Jana Lazor, Richard Pittini, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Glendon R Tait, Patricia Houston
RATIONALE: There are perennial calls for MD curricula to reform in order to meet the changing needs of students, patients, and society. And yet, efforts at renewal have also been suggested to have minimal impact on the pedagogy and outcomes of medical education. One reason may be misalignment between the components of the curriculum during design and implementation. The University of Toronto MD program recently renewed its undergraduate preclinical Foundations curriculum. Mindful of the pitfalls of misalignment, the renewal process focused deliberately on alignment between the various components of the curriculum: instructional methods, student assessment, faculty development, and the larger purpose of serving students and society...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473133/self-assessment-of-teaching-skills-among-psychiatric-residents
#13
Meredith Spada, Wynne Lundblad, Jody Glance, Jason Rosenstock, Priya Gopalan, Pierre N Azzam, Sansea L Jacobson, Michael J Travis
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry residency programs have increasingly emphasized the role of resident-as-teacher; however, little is known about resident self-perceptions of teaching skills. This study reports on psychiatry residents' self-perceived skills in teaching medical students and compares cohort ratings with anonymous medical student evaluations of residents as teachers at our large academic residency program. METHODS: In May-June 2016, 84 residents in our program were surveyed using an anonymous, web-based survey, and this data was then compared to 3 years of aggregate data from anonymous student evaluations of resident teaching at our institution...
February 22, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332234/attitudes-of-u-s-psychiatry-residents-and-fellows-towards-mental-illness-and-its-causes-a-comparison-study-with-medical-students
#14
Catherine Chiles, Elina Stefanovics, Robert Rosenheck
Stigma towards people with mental illness remains a burden for patients and healthcare providers. This study at a large US university examined the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows towards mental illness and its causes, and whether their attitudes differed from the medical student attitudes previously studied utilizing the same survey method. An electronic questionnaire examining attitudes toward people with mental illness, causes of mental Illness, and treatment efficacy was used to survey the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows...
January 13, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302928/trends-in-md-phd-graduates-entering-psychiatry-assessing-the-physician-scientist-pipeline
#15
Melissa R Arbuckle, Sean X Luo, Harold Alan Pincus, Joshua A Gordon, Joyce Y Chung, Mark Chavez, Maria A Oquendo
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify trends in MD/PhD graduates entering psychiatry, to compare these trends with other specialties, and to review strategies for enhancing the physician-scientist pipeline. METHODS: Data on 226,588 medical students graduating from Liaison Committee on Medical Education accredited programs between 1999 and 2012 (6626 MD/PhDs) were used to evaluate the number, percentage, and proportion of MD/PhDs entering psychiatry in comparison with other specialties (neurology, neurosurgery, internal medicine, family medicine, and radiation oncology)...
January 4, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299832/the-2016-survey-of-the-association-of-directors-of-medical-student-education-in-psychiatry
#16
Lia A Thomas, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Richard M Balon
OBJECTIVE: The members of the Association of Directors of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry (ADMSEP) had been last surveyed in 2010 to identify trends in medical student education in psychiatry, teaching methods, academic productivity, and administrative issues. With increasing requirements, ADMSEP members were surveyed in 2016 to characterize current expectations for and needs of medical student educators in psychiatry. METHODS: A 53-item survey was sent to members of ADMSEP (n=260) and to clerkship directors nationwide...
January 3, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278637/medical-education-changes-students-attitudes-on-psychiatry-survey-among-medical-students-in-croatia
#17
Ana Medic Flajsman, Dunja Degmecic, Tamara Pranjkovic, Stanislav Rogulja, Dina Bošnjak, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
In Croatia, psychiatric disorders are the leading group of disorders by days of hospitalization and they are in second place according to the number of hospitalizations in the period of working age. Nevertheless, psychiatry in Croatia, as well as in the world, is one of the least attractive specialties for medical students. In this paper we determined the impact of compulsory education in psychiatry on the attitudes of medical students of the fourth year of the Zagreb school of medicine and Osijek school of medicine...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240463/assessing-the-validity-of-a-multidisciplinary-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise
#18
Susan Humphrey-Murto, Mylène Côté, Debra Pugh, Timothy J Wood
Construct: The purpose of this study was to provide validity evidence for the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) as an assessment tool for clinical skills in the workplace. BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated validity evidence for the mini-CEX, but most studies were carried out in internal medicine or single disciplines, therefore limiting generalizability of the findings. If the mini-CEX is to be used in multidisciplinary contexts, then validity evidence should be gathered in similar settings...
April 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237196/-young-academics-in-neuropsychological-disciplines-factors-affecting-career-aspiration-in-psychiatry-neurology-and-psychosomatic-medicine
#19
Susanne Lange-Kasch, Janine Wirkner, Richard Kasch, Harald J Freyberger, Steffen Fleßa, Harry Merk, Thomas Klauer
Objective Students with specialization preferences in psychiatry, neurology, or psychosomatic medicine were retrospectively compared with regard to aspects of motivation to choose medicine as their field of study. Methods To identify early predictors of specialization preferences, a nationwide online survey was conducted with 9079 medical students. The statements of those with a preference for neurology, psychiatry, or psychosomatic medicine were evaluated using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results Prospective neurologists were motivated by scientific interest variables and less by the aspects of life management...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233315/student-pharmacist-experiences-as-inpatient-psychiatry-medication-education-group-leaders-during-an-early-immersion-program
#20
Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Lindsey Kennedy, Shauna Garris, Suzanne C Harris, Ashley Hillman, Nicole R Pinelli, Denise H Rhoney
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While research suggests that pharmacists generally hold positive attitudes toward consumers of psychiatric medications, they often feel less comfortable talking about these medications and providing services for patients with mental illness. The purpose of this program was to train second and third year student pharmacists as psychiatry medication education groups leaders and to examine resulting student self-efficacy and mental health stigma. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In partnership with the University of North Carolina (UNC) Eshelman School of Pharmacy, the inpatient psychiatry service at UNC Medical Center expanded weekly medication education groups with the help of trained student pharmacists...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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