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psychiatry medical student

Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
BACKGROUND: Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. DESIGN: We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
2016: Global Health Action
Nicoline Schiess, Aruna Rao, Andrew Mohanraj, Charles M Wiener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
John Torous, Ryan O'Connor, Jamie Franzen, Caitlin Snow, Robert Boland, Robert Kitts
BACKGROUND: While medical students and residents may be utilizing websites as online learning resources, medical trainees and educators now have the opportunity to create such educational websites and digital tools on their own. However, the process and theory of building educational websites for medical education have not yet been fully explored. OBJECTIVE: To understand the opportunities, barriers, and process of creating a novel medical educational website. METHODS: We created a pilot psychiatric educational website to better understand the options, opportunities, challenges, and processes involved in the creation of a psychiatric educational website...
November 5, 2015: JMIR Med Educ
Sube Banerjee, Nicolas Farina, Stephanie Daley, Wendy Grosvenor, Leila Hughes, Molly Hebditch, Sophie Mackrell, Ramin Nilforooshan, Chris Wyatt, Kay de Vries, Inam Haq, Juliet Wright
OBJECTIVES: Traditional healthcare education, delivered through a series of time-limited clinical placements, often fails to deliver an understanding of the experiences of those with long-term conditions, a growing issue for healthcare systems. Responses include longitudinal integrated clerkships and senior mentor programmes allowing students' longer placements, continuity of contact and opportunities to learn about chronic illness and patient experience. We review their development and delivery in dementia and present the Time for Dementia (TFD) Programme, a novel 2-year interdisciplinary educational programme...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Heather S Anderson, William F Gabrielli, Anthony Paolo, Anne Walling
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess any impact on National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) neurology and psychiatry subject examination scores of changing from an integrated neuropsychiatry clerkship to independent neurology and psychiatry clerkships. METHODS: NBME psychiatry and neurology subject examinations scores were compared for all 625 students completing the required neuropsychiatry clerkship in academic years 2005-2006 through 2008-2009 with all 650 students completing the independent neurology and psychiatry clerkships in academic years 2009-2010 through 2012-2013...
October 7, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Ayşen Esen Danacı, Kuzeymen Balıkçı, Orkun Aydın, Cengiz Cengisiz, A Burak Uykur
OBJECTIVE: It has been widely acknowledged that the community and health professionals hold negative attitudes toward patients with impaired mental health. This constitutes a majör obstacle for those patients in coping with their disease, managing their care, and hence regulating their lives. Although studies carried out in Turkey document the presence of stigma, they provide limited information about the ways for solving this problem. Drawing on the litrature, the present study investigated the effect of medical education on stigmatization...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Jay Mandan, Harmeet Singh Sidhu, Adil Mahmood
Clinical rotations form the foundation of medical education. Medical students in the UK are offered conventional rotations such as cardiology, surgery, and psychiatry as part of their undergraduate curriculum, but a rotation in hematology is not currently mandatory. This paper explores the benefits of a compulsory hematology rotation, and suggests recommendations for its implementation in UK medical school curricula.
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Ann Archer, Joshana Guliani, Francesca Johns, Emily McCartney, E Naomi Smith, Callum C Ross, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a day visit in changing attitudes towards a high-security forensic psychiatric hospital, with regard to the current recruitment difficulties in psychiatry. METHODS: Broadmoor Hospital, a UK high-security psychiatric hospital, runs day visits for medical students, led by doctors. At the beginning and the end of the day students wrote their responses to the question, 'What do you think of Broadmoor?' Attitudes and themes were identified, and their prevalence was analysed...
September 28, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Zaza Lyons
OBJECTIVE: There has been a growing interest in psychiatry enrichment programmes such as summer schools and institutes for medical students in the last 10 years. Evaluation of enrichment programmes shows that they can be an effective method of increasing students' interest in psychiatry as a career. However, despite initial enthusiasm and motivation within an academic department, establishing a programme can be a daunting task. The aim of this paper is to provide a background of how to establish and implement a psychiatry summer school or institute...
September 27, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Santiago de la Garza, Vania Phuoc, Steven Throneberry, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Laurence McCullough, John Coverdale
OBJECTIVE: One objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to psychiatry residents. In order to gain insights from other disciplines that have published research in this area, a second objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to residents across all other specialties of training and on teaching medical students. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched for controlled trials on teaching medical ethics with quantitative outcomes...
September 19, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Brian J Holoyda, Charles L Scott
As the need for mental healthcare services within correctional settings in the US increases, so does the need for a mental health workforce that is motivated to work within such systems. One potentially effective method by which to increase the number of psychiatrists working in jails, prisons, and parole clinics is to provide exposure to these environments during their training. Correctional settings can serve as unique training sites for medical students and psychiatric residents and fellows. Such training experiences can provide a host of benefits to both trainees and staff within the correctional mental health system...
August 30, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Cornelis A J De Jong, Christine Goodair, Ilana Crome, Darius Jokubonis, Nady El-Guebaly, Geert Dom, Arnt Schellekens, Barbara Broers, Emilis Subata, Gabrielle Katrine Welle-Strand, Lonneke Luycks, Michel Wolters, Tamara Schoof
This perspective article focuses on the need for training and education for undergraduate medical students on substance-related disorders, and describes initiatives undertaken in the United Kingdom (UK), Netherlands, United States (US), and Norway to develop the skills, knowledge, and attitudes needed by future doctors to treat patients adequately. In addition, we stress that in postgraduate training, further steps should be taken to develop Addiction Medicine as a specialized and transverse medical domain...
March 2016: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Yeon-Yong Kim, Un-Na Kim, Yon Su Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
BACKGROUND: An imbalance of physician supply by medical specialty has been observed in most countries. In Korea, there is a greater tendency to avoid surgical specialties and specialty choices in nonclinical medicine, such as the basic science of medicine. In this study, we identified factors affecting the specialty choice of physicians in order to provide a basis for policies to address this problem. METHODS: We used the results of a 2013 nationwide survey of 12 709 medical students (82...
2016: Human Resources for Health
Richard Holloway, Aaron Domack, Robert Treat, Koenraad De Roo
IMPORTANCE: The Medical Student Performance Evaluation (MSPE)--formerly called the dean's letter--is an important tool for residency program directors to use in assessing student qualifications for both invitation to interview and construction of their rank order list. Many institutions are now allowing students to construct their own Unique Characteristics (UC) section for the MSPE. This study addresses the results of allowing students to construct their own UC. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to allow students to voice their thoughts regarding their participation in the construction of the UC section of the MSPE...
June 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
Tamara Pranjkovic, Dunja Degmecic, Ana Medic Flajsman, Gábor Gazdag, Gabor S Ungvari, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
AIM: To assess the impact of education and direct observation of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on medical students' attitudes toward ECT in particular and psychiatric treatment in general in Croatia. METHOD: Two self-administered questionnaires were completed by year 4 medical students twice, at the beginning and the end of the psychiatry clerkship. Students were divided into 2 groups: those who observed an ECT session (47.9%) and those who did not (52.1%). RESULTS: The survey was completed by 190 students yielding a response rate of 79...
July 16, 2016: Journal of ECT
Sunaina Patel, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Rachel Cryer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with comfort and confidence in providing care to patients at risk of suicide, in a sample of Australian medical students. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey was completed by 116 current medical students (42 % male) aged between 20 and 41 years (M = 25, SD = 3.8). RESULTS: Greater personal experience of suicide and previous contact with patients with psychiatric problems were significantly associated with both increased perceived comfort and increased confidence in providing care for individuals with suicidal thoughts or behaviors, based on self-report...
July 8, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Manik Changoji Bhise, Arun Vishwambharrao Marwale, Apoorva Sadgun Deshmukh, Sanjeev Gopal Saoji
BACKGROUND: Negative attitude toward psychiatry (ATP) among medical students is a serious concern. Some studies have concluded that after training in the subject, attitude changes toward positive side. Currently in India, medical students have a less intense course without separate exam or binding to attend training whereas physiotherapy students have more intense course with separate subject exam and binding to attend training in psychiatry. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the positive and negative ATP in final year MBBS students and final year physiotherapy (BPTh) students who have completed psychiatry curriculum...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Raddy L Ramos, Joshua A Cuoco, Erik Guercio, Thomas Levitan
CONTEXT: Given the well-documented shortage of physicians in primary care and several other specialties, quantitative understanding of residency application and matching data among osteopathic and allopathic medical students has implications for predicting trends in the physician workforce. OBJECTIVES: To estimate medical student interest in neurology and psychiatry based on numbers of applicants and matches to neurology and psychiatry osteopathic and allopathic residency programs...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Katrina A Bramstedt
BACKGROUND: Medical boards and fitness-to-practice committees aim to ensure that medical students and physicians have "good moral character" and are not impaired in their practice of medicine. METHOD: Presented here is an ethical analysis of stalking behavior by physicians and medical students, with focus on the case of Teleka Patrick, MD (a psychiatry resident practicing medicine while under a restraining order due to her alleged stalking behavior). CONCLUSIONS: While a restraining order is not generally considered a criminal conviction, stalking behavior is clearly unprofessional and a marker of inappropriate character and fitness, yet the reporting obligations for such matters are complex...
2016: Journal of Clinical Ethics
Sathvik Belagodu Sridhar, Sura Saad Faris Al-Thamer, Riadh Jabbar
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, resulting in increased healthcare cost. Association of psychotropic medications with ADRs is common. Pharmacovigilance can play a vital role in alerting the healthcare providers from the possible ADRs and thus protecting the patients receiving psychotropic medications. AIM: To monitor and report the incidence and nature of ADRs in psychiatry outpatient department (OPD)...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
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