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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424856/homogenous-assay-for-protein-detection-based-on-proximity-dna-hybridization-and-isothermal-circular-strand-displacement-amplification-reaction
#1
Manjun Zhang, Ruimin Li, Liansheng Ling
This work proposed a homogenous fluorescence assay for proteins, based on the target-triggered proximity DNA hybridization in combination with strand displacement amplification (SDA). It benefited from target-triggered proximity DNA hybridization to specifically recognize the target and SDA making recycling signal amplification. The system included a molecular beacon (MB), an extended probe (EP), and an assistant probe (AP), which were not self-assembly in the absence of target proteins, due to the short length of the designed complementary sequence among MB, EP, and AP...
April 19, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418641/classics-in-chemical-neuroscience-ketamine
#2
Marshall W Tyler, Harmony B Yourish, Dawn F Ionescu, Stephen J Haggarty
Ketamine, a molecule of many faces, has contributed immeasurably to numerous realms of clinical practice and scientific inquiry. From anesthesia and analgesia to depression and schizophrenia, it continues to shed light on the molecular underpinnings of pain, consciousness, and the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders. In particular, research on ketamine's mechanism of action is providing new hope in the search for therapies for treatment-resistant depression and affords insights into disorders of glutamatergic dysfunction...
April 21, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379274/a-sensitive-ratiometric-electrochemical-biosensor-based-on-dna-four-way-junction-formation-and-enzyme-assisted-recycling-amplification
#3
Lin Cui, Mengfei Lu, Xiao-Yun Yang, Bo Tang, Chun-Yang Zhang
A simple ratiometric electrochemical biosensor is developed for sensitive detection of target DNA based on DNA four-way junction (DNA-4WJ) formation and enzyme-assisted recycling amplification. This biosensor can be easily fabricated by a one-step assembly of ratiometric probes and simply performed by a one-step incubation procedure. In the presence of target DNA, two unmodified DNA oligonucleotides may cooperatively hybridize with a hairpin probe in the triple-helix molecular beacon (THMB) to form a DNA-4WJ, which may cause conformational transduction and induce the change in the distance between two redox labeling probes and the electrode surface...
April 5, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370207/micrornas-based-imaging-techniques-in-cancer-diagnosis-and-therapy
#4
Maryam Keshavarzi, Mohammad Jafar Rezaie, Saba Sorayayi, Mohsen Mohammadi, Amir Ghaderi, Ayoob Rostamzadeh, Aria Masoudifar, Hamed Mirzaei
Cancer is one of the most serious global health concerns in different populations. Several studies indicated that there are many potentially promising cellular and molecular targets for cancer therapy within cancer cells and their microenvironment. Among different cellular and molecular targets involved in cancer pathogenesis, microRNAs (miRNAs) are well known as key targets for cancer therapy. miRNAs are one of main classes of non-coding RNAs. These molecules play important roles in different critical processes of cancer pathogenesis...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343104/localized-surface-plasmon-resonance-mediated-fluorescence-signals-in-plasmonic-nanoparticle-quantum-dot-hybrids-for-ultrasensitive-zika-virus-rna-detection-via-hairpin-hybridization-assays
#5
Oluwasesan Adegoke, Masahiro Morita, Tatsuya Kato, Masahito Ito, Tetsuro Suzuki, Enoch Y Park
The current epidemic caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV) and the devastating effects of this virus on fetal development, which result in an increased incidence of congenital microcephaly symptoms, have prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare the ZIKV a public health issue of global concern. Efficient probes that offer high detection sensitivity and specificity are urgently required to aid in the point-of-care treatment of the virus. In this study, we show that localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) signals from plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) can be used to mediate the fluorescence signal from semiconductor quantum dot (Qdot) nanocrystals in a molecular beacon (MB) biosensor probe for ZIKV RNA detection...
March 22, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340773/label-free-molecular-beacons-based-cascade-amplification-dna-machine-for-sensitive-detection-of-telomerase-activity
#6
Kan Li, Lei Wang, Xiaowen Xu, Wei Jiang
Sensitive detection of telomerase activity is critical to cancer diagnosis, screening of anticancer drugs and evaluation of cancer therapy. Herein, a label-free molecular beacons-based DNA machine was developed for sensitive detection of telomerase activity. The DNA machine consisted of T7 exonuclease (T7 Exo), label-free recognition molecular beacon (RMB) and signal molecular beacon (SMB) with projecting 5'-terminuses, which can protect RMB and SMB from being digested by T7 Exo. Firstly, telomerase elongated telomerase substrate (TS) primer, generating a telomerase elongation production (TEP) with tandem repeats (TTAGGG)n...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302966/highly-sensitive-fluorescence-quantitative-detection-of-mercury-in-soil-based-on-non-labeled-molecular-beacon-and-fluorescent-dye-hoechst-33258
#7
Dongshan Xiang, Kun Zhai, Qiuzhang Sang, Boan Shi, Xiaohong Yang
A highly sensitive and selective fluorescence method of quantitative detection for mercury in soil was developed using non-labeled molecular beacon (MB), single-stranded nucleic acid (ssDNA) and fluorescent dye Hoechst 33258. In this analytical method, the loop of MB was designed to be a sequence that was complementary to the ssDNA with multiple T-T mismatches, the stem of MB was completely designed as C-G base pairs, and both ends of the MB are not modified by any fluorophore and quencher. In the absence of Hg(2+), the interaction between Hoechst 33258 and the MB was very weak, and the fluorescence signal of Hoechst 33258 was very low...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255356/microrna-detection-using-a-double-molecular-beacon-approach-distinguishing-between-mirna-and-pre-mirna
#8
Amanda Marie James, Meredith B Baker, Gang Bao, Charles D Searles
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression and are recognized for their roles both as modulators of disease progression and as biomarkers of disease activity, including neurological diseases, cancer, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Commonly, miRNA abundance is assessed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), however, qRT-PCR for miRNA can be labor intensive, time consuming, and may lack specificity for detection of mature versus precursor forms of miRNA...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220155/specificity-of-snp-detection-with-molecular-beacons-is-improved-by-stem-and-loop-separation-with-spacers
#9
Valentina M Farzan, Mikhail L Markelov, Alexander Yu Skoblov, German A Shipulin, Timofei S Zatsepin
Molecular beacons (MBs) are valuable tools in molecular biology, clinical diagnostics and analytical chemistry. Here we describe a novel approach for the design of MBs with nucleotide or non-nucleotide linkers between the stem and loop regions. Such modified MBs have significantly improved specificity and performance for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection. These advantages are especially distinct, when compared to the classic MBs, in the case of possible interactions between the stem and loop regions...
March 13, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217801/nucleic-acid-detection-using-bret-beacons-based-on-bioluminescent-protein-dna-hybrids
#10
Wouter Engelen, Kayleigh M van de Wiel, Lenny H H Meijer, Bedabrata Saha, Maarten Merkx
Bioluminescent molecular beacons have been developed using a modular design approach that relies on BRET between the bright luciferase NanoLuc and a Cy3 acceptor. While classical molecular beacons are hampered by background fluorescence and scattering, these BRET-beacons allow detection of low pM concentrations of nucleic acids directly in complex media.
February 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213328/an-integrated-dual-functional-recognition-amplification-bio-label-for-the-one-step-impedimetric-detection-of-micro-rna-21
#11
Sawsen Azzouzi, Wing Cheung Mak, Kamalodin Kor, Anthony P F Turner, Mounir Ben Ali, Valerio Beni
Alteration in expression of miRNAs has been correlated with different cancer types, tumour stage and response to treatments. In this context, a structurally responsive oligonucleotide-based electrochemical impedimetric biosensor has been developed for the simple and sensitive detection of miRNA-21. A highly specific biotinylated DNA/LNA molecular beacon (MB) probe was conjugated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to create an integrated, dual function bio-label (biotin-MB-AuNPs) for both biorecognition and signal generation...
June 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194461/a-3d-microblade-structure-for-precise-and-parallel-droplet-splitting-on-digital-microfluidic-chips
#12
Cheng Dong, Yanwei Jia, Jie Gao, Tianlan Chen, Pui-In Mak, Mang-I Vai, Rui P Martins
Existing digital microfluidic (DMF) chips exploit the electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD) force to perform droplet splitting. However, the current splitting methods are not flexible and the volume of the droplets suffers from a large variation. Herein, we propose a DMF chip featuring a 3D microblade structure to enhance the droplet-splitting performance. By exploiting the EWOD force for shaping and manipulating the mother droplet, we obtain an average dividing error of <2% in the volume of the daughter droplets for a number of fluids such as deionized water, DNA solutions and DNA-protein mixtures...
February 14, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139463/microfluidic-chip-based-micro-rna-detection-through-the-combination-of-fluorescence-and-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-techniques
#13
Zhile Wang, Shenfei Zong, Zhuyuan Wang, Lei Wu, Peng Chen, Binfeng Yun, Yiping Cui
We present a novel microfluidic chip based method for the detection of micro RNA (miRNA) via the combination of fluorescence and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopies. First, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are immobilized onto a glass slide, forming a SERS enhancing substrate. Then a specificially designed molecular beacon (MB) is attached to the SERS substrate. The 3' end of the MB is decorated with a thiol group to facilitate the attachment of the MB, while the 5' end of the MB is labeled with an organic dye 6-FAM, which is used both as the fluorophore and SERS reporter...
March 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119518/molecular-beacons-to-identify-gifted-microbes-for-genome-mining
#14
Richard H Baltz
Microbial genome mining is a promising technology that is revitalizing natural product discovery. It is now well documented that many bacteria with large genomes, particularly actinomycetes, encode many more secondary metabolites (SMs) than was previously known from their expressed secondary metabolomes. There are effective bioinformatics tools for counting the numbers and nature of SMs, and determining the total coding capacity from finished microbial genomes. However, these methods do not translate well to draft genomes, particularly for large SM gene clusters that contain nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) or type I polyketide synthase (PKS-I) mega-genes which are prone to fragmentation and misassembly...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119250/single-palindromic-molecular-beacon-based-amplification-for-genetic-analysis-of-cancers
#15
Feng Li, Hui Zhao, Zheng-Yong Wang, Zai-Sheng Wu, Zhe Yang, Cong-Cong Li, Huo Xu, Jian-Xin Lyu, Zhi-Fa Shen
The detection of biomarkers is of crucial importance in reducing the morbidity and mortality of complex diseases. Thus, there is a great desire to develop highly efficient and simple sensing methods to fulfill the different diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Herein, using tumor suppressor p53 gene as model target DNA, we developed a novel palindromic fragment-incorporated molecular beacon (P-MB) that can perform multiple functions, including recognition element, signal reporter, polymerization template and primer...
May 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117861/dynamic-imaging-of-myc-and-cdkn1a-mrnas-as-an-indicator-of-cell-g1-phase-arrest
#16
Linglu Yi, Xuexia Lin, Haifang Li, Yuan Ma, Jin-Ming Lin
The identification of G1-phase arrest requires a dynamic capturing method. In this work, we reported an indicator based on MYC and CDKN1A mRNA imaging to visualize G1-phase cycle arrest. A typical G1-phase arrest imaging is shown as a green-to-red conversion by fluorescence molecular beacons indicating the change as down-regulating of MYC and up-regulating of CDKN1A mRNA. We performed G1-phase arrest imaging on proliferated cancer cells inhibited by TMPyP4 and explore the role of HIF-1╬▒ in the proliferation inhibition effect...
January 24, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110250/detection-and-discrimination-of-maintenance-and-de-novo-cpg-methylation-events-using-methylbreak
#17
William Hsu, Augustus T Mercado, George Hsiao, Jui-Ming Yeh, Chung-Yung Chen
Understanding the principles governing the establishment and maintenance activities of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) can help in the development of predictive biomarkers associated with genetic disorders and diseases. A detection system was developed that distinguishes and quantifies methylation events using methylation-sensitive endonucleases and molecular beacon technology. MethylBreak (MB) is a 22-mer oligonucleotide with one hemimethylated and two unmethylated CpG sites, which are also recognition sites for Sau96I and SacII, and is attached to a fluorophore and a quencher...
May 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107965/loopback-rolling-circle-amplification-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-kras-gene
#18
Huo Xu, Dong Wu, Yifan Jiang, Rongbo Zhang, Qingzheng Wu, Yiyun Liu, Feng Li, Zai-Sheng Wu
Mutations in Kras gene may be used as a diagnostic marker and a target for treatment of the broad spectrum of human cancers. In this study, we developed a new class of amplification assay, double-hairpin molecular beacon (DHMB)-based cascade rolling circle amplification (RCA), for ultrasensitive and selective detection of Kras gene in a homogenous solution. Specifically, target DNA can hybridize with DHMB and activate cyclical target strand-displacement polymerization (CTDP) and nicking-mediated strand-displacement polymerization (NMDP)...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107834/a-label-free-colorimetric-isothermal-cascade-amplification-for-the-detection-of-disease-related-nucleic-acids-based-on-double-hairpin-molecular-beacon
#19
Dong Wu, Huo Xu, Haimei Shi, Weihong Li, Mengze Sun, Zai-Sheng Wu
K-Ras mutations at codon 12 play an important role in an early step of carcinogenesis. Here, a label-free colorimetric isothermal cascade amplification for ultrasensitive and specific detection of K-Ras point mutation is developed based on a double-hairpin molecular beacon (DHMB). The biosensor consists of DHMB probe and a primer-incorporated polymerization template (PPT) designed partly complementary to DHMB. In the presence of polymerase, target DNA is designed to trigger strand displacement amplification (SDA) via promote the hybridization of PPT with DHMB and subsequently initiates cascade amplification process with the help of the nicking endonuclease...
March 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105835/silver-nanoclusters-beacon-as-stimuli-responsive-versatile-platform-for-multiplex-dnas-detection-and-aptamer-substrate-complexes-sensing
#20
Guoliang Liu, Jingjing Li, Da-Qian Feng, Jun-Jie Zhu, Wei Wang
An activatable silver nanoclusters beacon (ASNCB) was synthesized through a facile one-pot approach and applied for multiplex DNAs, small molecule, and protein sensing. Multifunctional single-stranded DNA sequences are rationally designed and used for ASNCB in situ synthesis. Via target-responsive structure transformation of ASNCB, target recognition induced ASNCB conformational transition and lit up the fluorescent signal of silver nanoclusters. By further implementing two different color ASNCBs (520 and 600 nm), the parallel multiplexed analysis of two target genes (Influenza A virus genes H1N1 and H5N1) is achieved...
January 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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