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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877053/oral-medicine-for-undergraduate-dental-students-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-a-curriculum
#1
A J Mighell, C Freeman, P A Atkin, J H Bennett, J A G Buchanan, M Carrozzo, A J Crighton, M P Escudier, J Gibson, C M Healy, A M Hegarty, J S Kerr, C E McCreary, M N Pemberton, B Rajlawat, A Richards, K Staines, E D Theaker, A Willis
INTRODUCTION: Oral Medicine focuses on care for patients with chronic, recurrent and medically related disorders of the orofacial region that are distinct from diseases of the periodontal and tooth tissues, with an emphasis on non-surgical management. At present, there are no shared outcomes for Oral Medicine to define the standards to be achieved before new graduates become registered dentists engaged with ongoing professional development. CURRICULUM: We present a consensus undergraduate curriculum in Oral Medicine agreed by representatives from 18 Dental Schools in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860776/analysis-of-satisfaction-and-academic-achievement-of-medical-students-in-a-flipped-class
#2
Han Jung, Jungsuk An, Kwi Hwa Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the satisfaction of medical students in flipped learning and analyzed academic achievement in comparison with lecture class. METHODS: The subjects were 40 students who participated in flipped learning during neurology course in the second year. After performing flipped learning, formative assessment was conducted and the degree of satisfaction was examined. Questionnaires of satisfaction were developed to identify the perceptions of students on flipped learning...
June 2018: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791940/global-neurology-navigating-career-possibilities
#3
Nicoline Schiess, Deanna Saylor, Joseph Zunt
Neurology has not typically been associated with international relief work; however, with the growth of chronic cardiovascular disease and stroke associated with unhealthy eating and sedentary ways, the appearance of "new" neurologic diseases, such as the Zika and West Nile viruses, and the high numbers of seizure disorders resulting from neuroinfectious diseases, more opportunities are arising for international and globally oriented neurologists. Multiple opportunities exist for developing a global clinician-educator career pathway, including private institutions, nongovernmental organizations, government-funded opportunities such as Medical Education Partnership Initiative, Fogarty and Fulbright Scholarships, and the American Academy of Neurology's Global Health Section...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771997/core-neurological-examination-items-for-neurology-clerks-a-modified-delphi-study-with-a-grass-roots-approach
#4
Chi-Hung Liu, Li-Ling Hsu, Cheng-Ting Hsiao, Suh-Ing Hsieh, Chun-Wei Chang, Elaine Shinwei Huang, Yeu-Jhy Chang
BACKGROUND: With the evolution of treatments for neurological diseases, the contents of core neurological examinations (NEs) for medical students may need to be modified. We aimed to establish a consensus on the core NE items for neurology clerks and compare viewpoints between different groups of panelists. METHODS: First, a pilot group proposed the core contents of NEs for neurology clerks. The proposed core NE items were then subject to a modified web-based Delphi process using the online software "SurveyMonkey"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769483/association-between-serum-apolipoprotein-b-and-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#5
M S Islam, M J Uddin, M Bhattacharjee, M N Farzana, R K Talukder, M A Rahman, M Mohsin, M A Rouf, H Pandit, M R Karim, R Ara, S Akhter, G Saha, M Oliullah, M S Ali, R Parveen
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in developed as well as developing countries like Bangladesh. There is a crucial need to identify additional risk factors that are easily measurable and treatable in general population. Role of serum lipids, lipoproteins and lipoprotein related variables in the prediction of stroke is less clear. Abnormalities in plasma lipoproteins are the most firmly established and best understood risk factors for atherosclerosis and they are probable risk factors for ischaemic stroke, largely by their link to atherosclerosis...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757778/a-contemporary-analysis-of-medicolegal-issues-in-obstetric-anesthesia-between-2005-and-2015
#6
Vesela P Kovacheva, Ethan Y Brovman, Penny Greenberg, Ellen Song, Arvind Palanisamy, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Detailed reviews of closed malpractice claims have provided insights into the most common events resulting in litigation and helped improve anesthesia care. In the past 10 years, there have been multiple safety advancements in the practice of obstetric anesthesia. We investigated the relationship among contributing factors, patient injuries, and legal outcome by analyzing a contemporary cohort of closed malpractice claims where obstetric anesthesiology was the principal defendant...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#7
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741916/test-performance-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-vestibular-ocular-motor-screening-and-king-devick-test-in-adolescent-athletes-during-a-competitive-sport-season
#8
Phillip R Worts, Philip Schatz, Scott O Burkhart
BACKGROUND: The Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) and King-Devick (K-D) test are tools designed to assess ocular or vestibular function after a sport-related concussion. PURPOSE: To determine the test-retest reliability and rate of false-positive results of the VOMS and K-D test in a healthy athlete sample. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Forty-five healthy high school student-athletes (mean age, 16...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720792/preventing-neurophobia-remodeling-neurology-education-for-21-st-century-medical-students-through-effective-pedagogical-strategies-for-neurophilia
#9
REVIEW
Bhaskara P Shelley, Thomas V Chacko, Balakrishnan R Nair
Neurology has a reputation, particularly as a complex "head-to-toe" discipline for undergraduate medical students. Neurophobia syndrome, a global phenomenon, fundamentally stems from pedagogical deficiencies during the undergraduate curriculum, the lack of vertical integration between basic neurosciences and clinical bedside neurology, the lack of clinical reasoning exercises, cognitive heuristics, and clinical problem-solving, errors in diagnostic competence, and hyposkilia. This ultimately results in poor clinical competence and proficiency in clinical neurology and causes attrition in nurturing a passion for learning the neurology discipline...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717896/the-importance-of-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-cancer-prevention-an-interview-with-dr-kate-allen
#10
Kate Allen
Kate Allen speaks to Roshaine Wijayatunga, Managing Commissioning Editor. Dr Kate Allen works as an Executive Director in Science and Public Affairs at World Cancer Research Fund International ( http://wcrf.org ), an NGO and leading authority in the field of cancer prevention through diet, weight and physical activity. Kate is responsible for the organization's scientific, policy and conference programs in the areas of food, nutrition, physical activity and weight management. An important aspect of her role is helping to create collaborative relationships and activities across the WCRF national charities (in Europe, America and Asia) in these areas, as well as maintaining and creating external partnerships...
May 2, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661008/psychiatry-in-american-medical-education-the-case-of-harvard-s-medical-school-1900-1945
#11
Tara H Abraham
As American psychiatrists moved from the asylum to the private clinic during the early twentieth century, psychiatry acquired a growing presence within medical school curricula. This shift in disciplinary status took place at a time when medical education itself was experiencing a period of reform. By examining medical school registers at Harvard University, records from the Dean's office of Harvard's medical school, and oral histories, this paper examines the rise in prominence of psychiatry in medical education...
2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642750/the-optic-pathway-the-development-of-an-elearning-animation
#12
Claire Cooper, Caroline Erolin
The optic pathway is responsible for sending visual information from the eyes to the brain via electrical impulses. It is essential that a sound understanding of this pathway is established in order to determine an accurate diagnosis concerning visual field defects. Although easy for trained neurologists to understand, it is an area which medical students repeatedly struggle to visualise. It is proposed that audio-visual teaching resources can improve students understanding of complex areas of importance. This article describes the development and evaluation of a short animation created for use in the undergraduate neurology curriculum at the University of Dundee School of Medicine...
April 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567592/training-students-to-detect-delirium-an-interprofessional-pilot-study
#13
Breah Chambers, Mary Meyer, Moya Peterson
AIM: The purpose of this paper is to report nursing student knowledge acquisition and attitude after completing and interprofessional simulation with medical students. INTRODUCTION: The IOM has challenged healthcare educators to teach teamwork and communication skills in interprofessional settings. Interprofessional simulation provides a higher fidelity experience than simulation in silos. Simulation may be particularly useful in helping healthcare workers gain the necessary skills to care for psychiatric clients...
June 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551723/cystic-formation-after-stereotactic-radiosurgery-of-brain-metastasis
#14
Ali A Alattar, Kate Carroll, Brian R Hirshman, Rushikesh S Joshi, Parag Sanghvi, Clark C Chen
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available on the natural history and etiology of cystic formation after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain metastases (BM). We aimed to characterize the natural history of cyst formation after SRS of BM and analyze potential risk factors. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 214 consecutive patients who underwent a total of 1106 SRSs for BM. Demographic, clinical, dosimetric, and magnetic resonance imaging MRI data were reviewed...
June 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498030/baseline-performance-of-ncaa-athletes-on-a-concussion-assessment-battery-a-report-from-the-care-consortium
#15
Barry P Katz, Maria Kudela, Jaroslaw Harezlak, Michael McCrea, Thomas McAllister, Steven P Broglio
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussion and repetitive head impact exposure in contact sports continue to receive increased attention in public and medical spheres. The Concussion Assessment, Research and Education (CARE) Consortium, a multicenter cooperative, was established to study the natural history of concussion in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) collegiate student-athletes across 29 colleges and universities in the United States. The purpose of this investigation is to provide normative data from the CARE Consortium and evaluate for differences between sport categories...
March 1, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476936/an-educational-initiative-to-improve-medical-student-awareness-about-brain-death
#16
Ariane Lewis, Jonathan Howard, Amanda Watsula-Morley, Colleen Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: Medical student knowledge about brain death determination is limited. We describe an educational initiative to improve medical student awareness about brain death and assess the impact of this initiative. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Beginning in July 2016, students at our medical school were required to attend a 90-min brain death didactic and simulation session during their neurology clerkship. Students completed a test immediately before and after participating in the initiative...
April 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431166/incorporating-students-into-clinic-may-be-associated-with-both-improved-clinical-productivity-and-educational-value
#17
Jeremy A Tanner, Karthik T Rao, Rachel E Salas, Roy E Strowd, Angeline M Nguyen, Alexandra Kornbluh, Evan Mead-Brewer, Charlene E Gamaldo
Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate ambulatory clinic responsibilities that neurology clerkship students perceive as having the highest educational value and to evaluate the association between a student's presence and level of responsibility and a preceptor's clinical and financial productivity during a clinic session. Methods: Physician preceptors (n = 43) and medical students (n = 67) in the Johns Hopkins Neurology clerkship from 2014 to 2015 were included...
December 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377011/neurological-disorders-of-gait-balance-and-posture-a-sign-based-approach
#18
REVIEW
Jorik Nonnekes, Rianne J M Goselink, Evžen Růžička, Alfonso Fasano, John G Nutt, Bastiaan R Bloem
Neurological disorders of gait, balance and posture are both debilitating and common. Adequate recognition of these so-called disorders of axial mobility is important as they can offer useful clues to the underlying pathology in patients with an uncertain clinical diagnosis, such as those early in the course of neurological disorders. Medical teaching programmes typically take classic clinical presentations as the starting point and present students with a representative constellation of features that jointly characterize a particular axial motor syndrome...
March 2018: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343469/entrustable-professional-activities-a-useful-concept-for-neurology-education
#19
Holli Horak, Robert Englander, Diana Barratt, Jeff Kraakevik, Madhu Soni, Ezgi Tiryaki
Medical education is currently undergoing a paradigm shift from process-based to competency-based education, focused on measuring the desired competence of a physician. In an attempt to improve the assessment framework used for medical education, the concept of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) has gained traction. EPAs are defined as professional activities that can be entrusted to an individual in a clinical context. The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) defined a set of 13 such EPAs to define the core of what all students should be able to do on day 1 of residency, regardless of specialty choice...
February 13, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319659/residual-neurological-symptoms-after-peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-pediatric-knee-surgery
#20
Robert J Tamai, Brian T Sullivan, Rushyuan J Lee
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) provide excellent pain control and reduce the need for systemic analgesics in orthopaedic surgery. PNBs rarely cause complications; however, a few studies of adults have reported neurological complications during the early postoperative period. We investigated complications associated with the use of PNBs during pediatric knee surgery. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all 121 children (aged ≤18 y) who underwent knee surgery by 1 orthopaedic surgeon between October 2014 and September 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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