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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694654/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-pressure-ulcers-in-a-tunisian-hospital
#1
Fatma Ben Mbarka, Khouloud Ben Jeddou, Mehdi Khalfallah, Dorra Jarraya, Hichem Jarraya, Zeineb Ouahchi, Ramzi Nouira, Chadli Dziri
BACKGROUND: the aim of thisstudywas to investigate the prevalence of pressure ulcers in hospitalized patients at the Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis, measure the risk of their occurrence, analyzepreventive and curative measuresundertaken and evaluatefactorspredisposing to pressure ulcers. METHODS: A one-day survey was performed in all hospitalized patients. Emergency services, neonatology and pediatrics were excluded. The Braden scale was used to measure the patient's risk for the development of pressure ulcers...
July 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694604/analysis-of-the-role-of-physicians-in-the-cessation-of-cigarette-smoking-based-on-medical-specialization
#2
Seyhan Dülger, Canan Doğan, Özlem Şengören Dikiş, Eylem Yıldırım, Utku Tapan, İpek Özmen, Birsen Şahin Satılmış, Yavuz Selim İntepe, Birsen Ocaklı, Cevriye Yüksel Kaçan, Ersin Budak, Tekin Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: Physicians do not adequately use their unique professional privilege to prevent patients from smoking. The aim of this study was to investigate the type and extent of advice given to patients by physicians of different medical specialties regarding smoking cessation. METHODS: In total, 317 volunteer physicians were included in this study. The participants rated their attitudes toward the smoking habits of their patients by completing a questionnaire. The approaches used to address the smoking habits of patients significantly differed among physicians working at polyclinics, clinics and emergency service departments (p<0...
2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694574/sexual-violence-against-children-authors-victims-and-consequences
#3
Vanessa Borges Platt, Isabela de Carlos Back, Daniela Barbieri Hauschild, Jucélia Maria Guedert
The scope of this study was to identify the characteristics of sexual abuse against children including the profiles of the victims and the perpetrators, and associated factors notified in a health service of reference with the database of the Brazilian Case Registry Database, in a city in the south of Brazil. Categorical variables are presented in prevalence with 95% confidence intervals. There were 489 notifications from 2008 to 2014 of confirmed or suspected child sexual abuse. The majority was related to female victims, but the repeated abuse was reported mainly with male victims...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694262/personality-traits-and-adaptive-hiv-disease-management-relationships-with-engagement-in-care-and-condomless-anal-intercourse-among-highly-sexually-active-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv
#4
Conall O'Cleirigh, Nicholas S Perry, S Wade Taylor, Jessica N Coleman, Paul T Costa, Kenneth H Mayer, Steven A Safren
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify systematic relationships between personality domains and engagement in HIV care and secondary HIV prevention among sexual minority men living with HIV. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined the relationships between general personality traits of the Five-Factor Model of personality (e.g., Neuroticism and Conscientiousness) and engagement in medical care and condomless anal intercourse among a sample of highly sexually active sexual minority men living with HIV (N = 60)...
April 25, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693465/the-influence-of-prenatal-mental-health-service-use-on-the-incidence-of-childhood-asthma-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Dhenuka Radhakrishnan, Salimah Z Shariff, Teresa To
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether maternal mental health service use during pregnancy, a potential proxy measure of prenatal maternal stress, is associated with the development of asthma in a large population-based sample of children. We hypothesized that children born to mothers with mental health service use during pregnancy would have a higher incidence of childhood asthma. STUDY DESIGN: Health administrative data from Ontario, Canada (population >13 million) was used to identify pairs of mothers linked with their children born between April 1, 2001 to March 31, 2002...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693313/routine-cervical-spine-immobilisation-is-unnecessary-in-patients-with-isolated-cerebral-gunshot-wounds-a-south-african-experience
#6
Victor Y Kong, Ross D Weale, Benn Sartorius, John L Bruce, Grant L Laing, Damian L Clarke
OBJECTIVE: Routine immobilisation of the cervical spine in trauma has been a long established practice. Very little is known in regard to its appropriateness in the specific setting of isolated traumatic brain injury secondary to gunshot wounds (GSWs). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted over a 5 year period (January 2010 to December 2014) at the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa in order to determine the actual incidence of concomitant cervical spine injury (CSI) in the setting of isolated cerebral GSWs...
April 25, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693301/what-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patients-think-about-health-and-oral-care-a-qualitative-study-in-a-brazilian-health-service
#7
S R Mendes, M E S Silva, J O A Firmo, M H N G de Abreu
Differences in the perceptions of treatment between healthcare team and patients should be identified, aiming to provide a more humanised health care. We sought to understand and evaluate the concepts regarding oral health and dental care among haematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients, from both sexes, in the post-haematopoietic stem cell transplant stage, who underwent dental treatment. All interviews were recorded and transcribed, respecting the spelling and syntax used by the interviewees...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691938/hla-drb1-15-03-and-hla-drb1-11-useful-predictive-alleles-for-alloantibody-production-in-thalassemia-patients
#8
P Darvishi, Z Sharifi, A Azarkeivan, A Akbari, A A Pourfathollah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, thalassemia has been introduced as a chronic disease. In spite of prolonging life in thalassemia patients, the quality of their life has not significantly improved. One of the challenges that makes their quality of life poor is alloimmunisation which causes several complications to patients by restricting their options. Some individuals are more susceptible to developing an alloantibody than others. They are categorised as responders and non-responders...
April 25, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691364/primary-care-colorectal-cancer-screening-correlates-with-breast-cancer-screening-implications-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-improvement-interventions
#9
Jennifer M Weiss, Nancy Pandhi, Sally Kraft, Aaron Potvien, Pascale Carayon, Maureen A Smith
OBJECTIVE: National colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates have plateaued. To optimize interventions targeting those unscreened, a better understanding is needed of how this preventive service fits in with multiple preventive and chronic care needs managed by primary care providers (PCPs). This study examines whether PCP practices of other preventive and chronic care needs correlate with CRC screening. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 90 PCPs and 33,137 CRC screening-eligible patients...
April 25, 2018: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691244/cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-pregnancy-among-women-living-in-hiv-discordant-relationships-in-a-rural-rakai-cohort-uganda
#10
Lydia Jacenta Nakiganda, Anette Agardh, Benedict Oppong Asamoah
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the prevalence of pregnancy in serodiscordant couples and identifies predictors associated with pregnancy in rural Rakai, Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study that used data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from the RCCS survey round 17 (2015-2016), which included 488 women in serodiscordant relationships. This study was conducted in Rakai district, located in south-western Uganda...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691214/mobile-health-initiatives-in-vietnam-scoping-study
#11
Jeffrey A Lam, Linh Thuy Dang, Ngoc Tran Phan, Hue Thi Trinh, Nguyen Cong Vu, Cuong Kieu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) offers a promising solution to the multitude of challenges the Vietnamese health system faces, but there is a scarcity of published information on mHealth in Vietnam. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this scoping study were (1) to summarize the extent, range, and nature of mHealth initiatives in Vietnam and (2) to examine the opportunities and threats of mHealth utilization in the Vietnamese context. METHODS: This scoping study systematically identified and extracted relevant information from 20 past and current mHealth initiatives in Vietnam...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691152/readmission-patterns-over-90-day-episodes-of-care-among-medicare-fee-for-service-beneficiaries-discharged-to-post-acute-care
#12
Addie Middleton, Yong-Fang Kuo, James E Graham, Amol Karmarkar, Yu-Li Lin, James S Goodwin, Allen Haas, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
OBJECTIVE: Examine readmission patterns over 90-day episodes of care in persons discharged from hospitals to post-acute settings. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Acute care hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare fee-for-service enrollees (N = 686,877) discharged from hospitals to post-acute care in 2013-2014. The cohort included beneficiaries >65 years of age hospitalized for stroke, joint replacement, or hip fracture and who survived for 90 days following discharge...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691151/red-blood-cells-still-vital-after-all-these-years-commentary-on-canadian-blood-services-international-symposium-2017
#13
REVIEW
Syed M Qadri, David A Donkor, Matthew Yan, Shuoyan Ning, Donald R Branch, Jerard Seghatchian, William P Sheffield
Canadian Blood Services (CBS), Canada's national blood transfusion service, has for many years sponsored an annual conference, for the education and awareness of interested participants, showcasing the latest evidence-based understanding of both basic science and clinical issues in transfusion medicine and science. The 15th iteration of this symposium took place September 9, 2017 and focused on some of the vital aspects of red blood cells (RBC), in line with the" 3Rs" concept, namely the provision of the Right red blood cell (RBC) product to the Right patient at the Right time...
April 19, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690788/reconciling-hospital-acquired-complications-and-chadx-in-victorian-coded-hospital-data
#14
Jennie Shepheard, Elsa Lapiz, Carla Read, Terri J Jackson
BACKGROUND: The Council of Australian Governments has focused the attention of health service managers and state health departments on a list of hospital-acquired complications (HACs) proposed as the basis of funding adjustments for poor quality of hospital inpatient care. These were devised for the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care as a subset of their earlier classification of hospital-acquired complications (CHADx) and designed to be used by health services to monitor safety performance for their admitted patients...
January 1, 2018: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690594/outpatient-mental-health-treatment-utilization-and-military-career-impact-in-the-united-states-marine-corps
#15
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Jessica M LaCroix, Kari Koss, Kanchana U Perera, Anderson Rowan, Marcus R VanSickle, Laura A Novak, Theresa H Trieu
Service members (SM) are at increased risk of psychiatric conditions, including suicide, yet research indicates SMs believe seeking mental health treatment may negatively impact their military careers, despite a paucity of research examining actual career impacts. This study examined the link between seeking outpatient mental health (MH) treatment and military career impacts within the United States Marine Corps. In Phase 1, a retrospective medical record review of outpatient MH treatment-seeking Marines ( N = 38) was conducted...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690593/the-social-and-spatial-ecology-of-dengue-presence-and-burden-during-an-outbreak-in-guayaquil-ecuador-2012
#16
Catherine A Lippi, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Ángel G Muñoz, Mercy J Borbor-Cordova, Raúl Mejía, Keytia Rivero, Katty Castillo, Washington B Cárdenas, Sadie J Ryan
Dengue fever, a mosquito-borne arbovirus, is a major public health concern in Ecuador. In this study, we aimed to describe the spatial distribution of dengue risk and identify local social-ecological factors associated with an outbreak of dengue fever in the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador. We examined georeferenced dengue cases ( n = 4248) and block-level census data variables to identify social-ecological risk factors associated with the presence/absence and burden of dengue in Guayaquil in 2012. Local Indicators of Spatial Association (LISA), specifically Anselin&rsquo;s Local Moran&rsquo;s I, and Moran&rsquo;s I tests were used to locate hotspots of dengue transmission, and multimodel selection was used to identify covariates associated with dengue presence and burden at the census block level...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689385/pre-travel-health-seeking-practices-of-umrah-pilgrims-departing-from-assiut-international-airport-egypt
#17
Mirette M Aziz, Hosnia S Abd El-Megeed, Mennat Allah M Abd Ellatif
OBJECTIVES: to assess the health seeking practices and their determinants among Umrah pilgrims departing from Assiut international Airport. METHODS: We interviewed 300 pilgrims departing from Assiut International Airport while they were in the departure lounge, using a semi-structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Only 60%, 46.3% and 46.3% of Umrah pilgrims believed in importance of pre-travel vaccination, seeking health information, and health examination, respectively...
April 21, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688771/a-qualitative-study-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-multilevel-factors-related-to-hiv-risks-in-malaysia
#18
William J Burch, Graham J Hart, Sin How Lim
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are a group at high risk for HIV infection, yet no research has been conducted to understand this population in Malaysia. Semistructured interviews from a combination of YMSM aged 18-25 (n = 20) and local service providers of sexual health services (n = 4) were conducted from May to June 2015. Thematic analysis was used to identify common themes in participant responses from transcripts. Participants reported societal and internalized homophobia, an absence of sex education and difficulty accessing confidential HIV testing...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#19
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688040/commentary
#20
Victoria Mango, Yolanda Bryce, Elizabeth Anne Morris, Elisabetta Gianotti, Katja Pinker
Screening mammography reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women. However, adverse consequences include false-positive findings possibly leading to benign breast biopsies and patient anxiety. There is also potential for overdiagnosis and overtreatment. Differences in how to balance benefits and harms have led to varying recommendations by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, the American Cancer Society, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and the American College of Radiology/Society of Breast Imaging...
April 24, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
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