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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549264/effectiveness-of-family-group-conferencing-in-preventing-repeat-referrals-to-child-protective-services-and-out-of-home-placements
#1
Dana M Hollinshead, Tyler W Corwin, Erin J Maher, Lisa Merkel-Holguin, Heather Allan, John D Fluke
Rigorous research on the efficacy of family group conferencing is rare. This randomized control trial study used an intent-to-treat approach to examine whether a referral to a family group conference (FGC) was associated with re-referrals, substantiated re-referrals, or out-of-home placements among child welfare-involved families receiving in-home services. We found no significant associations between treatment and control group assignment and the three outcomes for the sample as a whole. However, families with more children had higher odds of a re-referral and a substantiated re-referral, families with more than one parent had higher odds of re-referral, and families where a substance abuse services referral was noted had higher odds of out-of-home placement...
May 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548227/changing-the-risk-threshold-for-surgical-prevention-of-ovarian-cancer
#2
Ranjit Manchanda, Rosa Legood, Antonis C Antoniou, Leigh Pearce, Usha Menon
Ovarian cancer (OC) remains a lethal disease and a major cause of deaths from gynaecological cancer particularly in western countries. Despite advances in treatment, there have been only marginal improvements in survival rates over the last 30years. Additionally, the number of OC cases in the UK is estimated to increase by 27-45%, which translates to a 15% rise in the incidence rate by 2035.(1) A national OC screening programme is unavailable as this has not yet shown a conclusive mortality benefit.(2) Hence, primary prevention continues to be the cornerstone in reducing the burden of OC and improving health outcomes...
May 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548001/the-psychiatric-morbidity-of-women-who-give-birth-to-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-results-of-the-manitoba-mothers-and-fasd-study
#3
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sally Longstaffe, Leslie L Roos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in physician-diagnosed psychiatric disorders between women who gave birth to children with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnosis (study group) compared to women who gave birth to children without FASD (comparison group). METHODS: We linked population-level health and social services data to clinical data on FASD diagnoses to identify study group ( n = 702) and comparison group ( n = 2097) women matched 1:3 on date of birth of index child, region of residence, and socioeconomic status...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547864/sociodemographic-determinants-of-spatial-disparities-in-early-childhood-caries-an-ecological-analysis-in-braunschweig-germany
#4
Frederic Meyer, André Karch, Kristin Maria Schlinkmann, Johannes Dreesman, Johannes Horn, Nicole Rübsamen, Henny Sudradjat, Rainer Schubert, Rafael Mikolajczyk
OBJECTIVES: To identify spatial disparities in dental caries experience (measured by dmft (decayed missing filled teeth) index) of children in the city of Braunschweig and to evaluate whether these disparities can be explained by sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: We examined the dental health of children aged 3-6 years visiting a daycare centre (DCC) in the metropolitan area of Braunschweig between 2009 and 2014 by combining data on dental health from the annual visits of the local health service with aggregated data on sociodemographic factors for Braunschweig's city districts...
May 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547663/pediatric-predispositional-genetic-risk-communication-potential-utility-for-prevention-and-control-of-melanoma-risk-as-an-exemplar
#5
Yelena P Wu, Darren Mays, Wendy Kohlmann, Kenneth P Tercyak
Predispositional genetic testing among minor children is intensely debated due to the potential benefits and harms of providing this type of genetic information to children and their families. Existing guidelines on pediatric genetic testing state that predispositional testing could be appropriate for minors if preventive services exist that mitigate children's risk for or severity of the health condition in question. We use the example of hereditary melanoma to illustrate the rationale for and potential application of genetic risk communication for an adult-onset cancer to a pediatric population where childhood behaviors may reduce risk of disease later in life...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546982/the-relationship-between-media-literacy-and-health-literacy-among-pregnant-women-in-health-centers-of-isfahan
#6
Farideh Akbarinejad, Mohammad Reza Soleymani, Leila Shahrzadi
BACKGROUND: The ability to access, analyze, evaluate, and convey information in various forms of media including print and nonprint requires media literacy, but the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic information and services needed for appropriate decisions regarding health, considered an important element in a woman's ability to participate in health promotion and prevention activities for herself and her children, is needed to a level of health literacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between media literacy and health literacy among pregnant women in health centers in Isfahan...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546969/modification-of-infant-hypothyroidism-and-phenylketonuria-screening-program-using-electronic-tools
#7
Behjat Taheri, Asefeh Haddadpoor, Mahmood Mirkhalafzadeh, Fariba Mazroei, Pezhman Aghdak, Mehran Nasri, Gholamreza Bahrami
BACKGROUND: Congenital hypothyroidism and phenylketonuria (PKU) are the most common cause for preventable mental retardation in infants worldwide. Timely diagnosis and treatment of these disorders can have lasting effects on the mental development of newborns. However, there are several problems at different stages of screening programs that along with imposing heavy costs can reduce the precision of the screening, increasing the chance of undiagnosed cases which in turn can have damaging consequences for the society...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546878/effects-of-medicare-coverage-of-a-welcome-to-medicare-visit-on-use-of-preventive-services-among-new-medicare-enrollees
#8
Boon Peng Ng, Gail A Jensen, Heather Fritz
In January 2005, Medicare began covering a one-time initial preventive physical examination (IPPE), also called a "Welcome-to-Medicare" visit, during a beneficiary's first 6 months under Part B. This paper examines the effects of offering Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of mammograms, breast self-exams, Pap smears, prostate cancer screenings, cholesterol screenings, and flu vaccines among beneficiaries new to Part B. We adopt a difference-in-difference estimator and estimate a set of multivariate logit models to quantify the effects of introducing Medicare IPPE coverage on the use of preventive services...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546668/tale-of-the-tails-the-missing-postpartum-iucd-strings
#9
Sujnanendra Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Using an intrauterine device (IUD) is many times safer than pregnancy and more effective in preventing pregnancy than oral contraceptives, condoms, spermicidal, any barrier method, or natural family planning. Benefits of healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy are many. Postpartum contraception is becoming popular after introduction of PPIUCD services. OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence, management, clinical outcome of missing strings cases in post-placental and intra-cesarean IUCD...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546591/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-8-italy
#10
M Bindi, C Paganelli, K A Eaton, E Widström
In Italy healthcare is provided for all Italian citizens and residents and it is delivered mainly by public providers, with some private or private-public entities. Italy's public healthcare system - the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN) - is organised by the Ministry of Health and administered on a devolved regional basis. It is financed by general taxation that provides universal coverage, largely free of charge at the point of service. The central government establishes the basic national health benefits package, which must be uniformly provided throughout the country, through services guaranteed under the NHS provision called LEA - (Livelli Essenziali di Assistenza [Essential Level of Assistance]) and allocates national funds to the regions...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546138/mental-health-mobile-apps-for-preadolescents-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Rebecca Grist, Joanna Porter, Paul Stallard
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of mobile apps available for adolescents with mental health problems and an increasing interest in assimilating mobile health (mHealth) into mental health services. Despite the growing number of apps available, the evidence base for their efficacy is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to systematically appraise the available research evidence on the efficacy and acceptability of mobile apps for mental health in children and adolescents younger than 18 years...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545878/burnout-and-health-among-critical-care-professionals-the-mediational-role-of-resilience
#12
Oscar Arrogante, Eva Aparicio-Zaldivar
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the mediational role of resilience in relationships between burnout and health in critical care professionals; to determine relationships among resilience level, three burnout dimensions, and physical/mental health; and to establish demographic differences in psychological variables evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A total of 52 critical care professionals, mainly nurses, were recruited from an intensive care unit of Madrid (Spain)...
May 22, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545752/emergency-department-as-a-first-contact-for-mental-health-problems-in-children-and-youth
#13
Peter J Gill, Natasha Saunders, Sima Gandhi, Alejandro Gonzalez, Paul Kurdyak, Simone Vigod, Astrid Guttmann
OBJECTIVE: To characterize youth who use the emergency department (ED) as a "first contact" for mental health (MH) problems. METHOD: This was a population-based cross-sectional cohort study using linked health and demographic administrative datasets of youth 10 to 24 years of age with an incident MH ED visit from April 1, 2010, to March 31, 2014, in Ontario, Canada. We modeled the association of demographic, clinical, and health service use characteristics with having no prior outpatient MH care in the preceding 2-year period ("first contact") using modified Poisson models...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545584/can-community-health-workers-play-a-greater-role-in-increasing-access-to-medical-abortion-services-a-qualitative-study
#14
Pallavi Gupta, Sharad D Iyengar, Bela Ganatra, Heidi Bart Johnston, Kirti Iyengar
BACKGROUND: Despite being legally available in India since 1971, barriers to safe and legal abortion remain, and unsafe and/or illegal abortion continues to be a problem. Community health workers have been involved in improving access to health information and care for maternal and child health in resource poor settings, but their role in facilitating accurate information about and access to safe abortion has been relatively unexplored. A qualitative study was conducted in Rajasthan, India to study acceptability, perspectives and preferences of women and community health workers, regarding the involvement of community health workers in medical abortion referrals...
May 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545542/recognition-and-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-an-important-component-of-chronic-disease-management
#15
REVIEW
Peter C Farrell, Glenn Richards
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a highly prevalent condition, and is associated with many debilitating chronic diseases. The role of untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in arterial hypertension has been recognized in international guidelines. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is associated with clinically-relevant reductions in blood pressure. In heart failure (HF), SDB is associated with worse prognosis and increased mortality. Major HF guidelines recommend that patients should be treated for sleep apnea to improve their HF status...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545540/assessment-of-coverage-of-preventive-treatment-and-insecticide-treated-mosquito-nets-in-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-services-in-11-districts-in-mozambique-in-2011-the-critical-role-of-supply-chain
#16
Cristolde Salomão, Jahit Sacarlal, Eduardo Samo Gudo
BACKGROUND: Malaria during pregnancy is associated with poor maternal and pregnancy outcome and the World Health Organization recommends the administration of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and distribution of insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs) to all pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) services. This study was conducted with the aim to assess the uptake of IPTp and ITNs in pregnant women attending ANC services and correlate with ANC attendance and frequency of stock-outs in 22 health facilities Mozambique...
May 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545427/advantages-and-limitations-for-users-of-double-pit-pour-flush-latrines-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-bangladesh
#17
Faruqe Hussain, Thomas Clasen, Shahinoor Akter, Victoria Bawel, Stephen P Luby, Elli Leontsini, Leanne Unicomb, Milan Kanti Barua, Brittany Thomas, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: In rural Bangladesh, India and elsewhere, pour-flush pit latrines are the most common sanitation system. When a single pit latrine becomes full, users must empty it themselves and risk exposure to fresh feces, pay an emptying service to remove pit contents or build a new latrine. Double pit pour-flush latrines may serve as a long-term sanitation option including high water table areas because the pits do not need to be emptied immediately and the excreta decomposes into reusable soil...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545120/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-developing-infection-in-patients-presenting-with-uninfected-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#18
Limin Jia, Christina N Parker, Tony J Parker, Ewan M Kinnear, Patrick H Derhy, Ann M Alvarado, Flavia Huygens, Peter A Lazzarini
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of research on patients presenting with uninfected diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) that go on to develop infection. We aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors for developing infection in a large regional cohort of patients presenting with uninfected DFUs. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data collected from a validated prospective state-wide clinical diabetic foot database in Queensland (Australia). Patients presenting for their first visit with an uninfected DFU to a Diabetic Foot Service in one of thirteen Queensland regions between January 2012 and December 2013 were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545093/ending-preventable-maternal-and-child-deaths-in-western-nigeria-do-women-utilize-the-life-lines
#19
Titilayo Olaitan, Ifeoma P Okafor, Adebayo T Onajole, Olayinka A Abosede
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria which constitutes just one percent of the world population, accounts for 13% of the world maternal and under-five mortality. Utilization of health care services has been an important determinant of maternal and child outcomes. The vast majority of maternal and child deaths could be prevented if women utilize the available life lines. The study objective was to determine utilization of maternal and child health care services among women of child bearing age in Western Nigeria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544946/perceived-barriers-to-healthcare-and-receipt-of-recommended-medical-care-among-elderly-medicare-beneficiaries
#20
Jibby E Kurichi, Liliana Pezzin, Joel E Streim, Pui L Kwong, Ling Na, Hillary R Bogner, Dawei Xie, Sean Hennessy
PURPOSE: Many Medicare beneficiaries perceive barriers to receiving healthcare, although the consequences are unknown. Facilitators can aid in the receipt of healthcare services. The objective was to assess the relationship between perceived facilitators and barriers to healthcare and actual receipt of recommended medical care among elderly beneficiaries. METHODS: A cohort study using data from the 2001-2008 entry panels of the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey that included 24,607 community-dwelling beneficiaries 65 years of age and older...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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