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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227955/developing-and-validating-a-perinatal-depression-screening-tool-in-kenya-blending-western-criteria-with-local-idioms-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Eric P Green, Hawa Tuli, Edith Kwobah, D Menya, Irene Chesire, Christina Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Routine screening for perinatal depression is not common in most primary health care settings. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force only recently updated their recommendation on depression screening to specifically recommend screening during the pre- and postpartum periods. While practitioners in high-income countries can respond to this new recommendation by implementing one of several existing depression screening tools developed in Western contexts, such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), these tools lack strong evidence of cross-cultural equivalence, validity for case finding, and precision in measuring response to treatment in developing countries...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227740/women-s-strategies-for-coping-with-the-impacts-of-domestic-violence-in-kyrgyzstan-a-grounded-theory-study
#2
Saltanat Childress, Deborah Gioia, Jacquelyn C Campbell
This paper provides an account of the adverse impacts of domestic violence on women in Kyrgyzstan and develops a grounded theory of coping among survivors of abuse. The results indicate that women adopt a range of strategies to prevent, avert, and minimize anticipated violence. Two key aspects of coping appeared in the narratives: 1) maintaining the status quo and 2) developing agency to resist the abuse. The results suggest that Government and nongovernmental organizations must take additional action to draw women to formal violence prevention services...
December 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227277/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-georgia
#3
I Nadareishvili, K Lunze, N Tabagari, A Beraia, G Pkhakadze
In Georgia, like in most countries globally, people commonly resort to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, not much is known about CAM practices there. The aim of the study was to document common practices of CAM in Georgia and related patient attitudes. We collected data from peoples who commonly use CAM at 20 service provision centers in Georgia using cluster sampling from 300 patients. We admininstered a cross-sectional survey and conducted descriptive statistical analyses. People in Georgia use CAM either for prevention to improve general health (33%) or to treat chronic conditions (36%), spending about 25 Euros per month out of pocket...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227053/quantifying-the-funding-gap-for-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-at-a-major-trauma-centre-in-south-africa
#4
V Y Kong, J J Odendaal, J L Bruce, G L Laing, E Jerome, B Sartorius, P Brysiewicz, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: Trauma is an eminently preventable disease. However, prevention programs divert resources away from other priorities. Costing trauma related diseases helps policy makers to make decisions on re-source allocation. We used data from a prospective digital trauma registry to cost Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) at our institution over a two-year period and to estimate the funding gap that exists in the care of TBI. METHOD: All patients who were admitted to the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) with TBI were identified from the Hybrid Electronic Medical Registry (HMER)...
November 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226799/evaluation-of-a-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-depression-prevention-program
#5
Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson, Agneta Berg, Katarina Steen Carlsson, Ulf Jakobsson
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program. METHODS: A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226790/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-comorbid-depression-among-refugees-assessment-of-a-sample-from-a-german-refugee-reception-center
#6
Maria Belz, Michael Belz, Ibrahim Özkan, Iris T Graef-Calliess
In 2015, a large number of refugees arrived in Germany, mostly driven to emigrate by devastating circumstances in their countries of origin. Arriving refugees are distributed to reception centers within the German federal states, frequently facing marginal conditions in terms of overcrowding or waiting time of several months until their application for asylum is processed. Most of these refugees underwent numerous traumatizing experiences-both in their country of origin and while fleeing from their country of origin...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226758/evolution-of-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-control-in-china
#7
Mengge Han, Xiao Ming Shi, Chun Cai, Yong Zhang, Wang Hong Xu
The 70-year experience of China in fighting against non-communicable diseases (NCDs) can be classified into three distinct periods: 1) the disease-oriented strategy period (from 1950 to 1994); 2) the risk factor-focused strategy period (from 1995 to 2008); and 3) the social and policy priority strategy period (since 2009). A number of projects were successful and valuable experience and lessons were accumulated during the three periods. Due to the underestimation of the 'explosive' epidemic of NCDs, however, it took China quite a long time to find the right path to curb the upward trend in these diseases...
December 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226660/bone-and-joint-diseases-in-present-and-future
#8
Yasuharu Nakashima, Ken Okazak, Koichiet Nakayama, Seiji Okada, Hideki Mizu-uchi
With the increase of elderly population, orthopaedic surgeons need to deal with the diseases related to aging, such as joint disorders and fragility fractures. The number of total joint replacements, for example, is two times more than it was 10 years ago. With these backgrounds, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) has proposed the concept of locomotive syndrome; conditions under which the elderly have been receiving care services due to problems of the locomotive organs. To prevent geriatric or disuse syndrome, JOA is currently providing the care‒prevention programs such as the loco-check and loco-training...
January 2017: Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi, Hukuoka Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225931/community-preferences-for-a-social-health-insurance-benefit-package-an-exploratory-study-among-the-uninsured-in-vietnam
#9
Hoa Thi Nguyen, Tinh Viet Luu, Gerald Leppert, Manuela De Allegri
Understanding public preferences in terms of health benefit packages (HBPs) remains limited, yet gathering community insights is an important endeavour when developing people-centred health systems and moving towards universal health coverage. Our study aimed to address this gap in knowledge by eliciting community preferences for the social health insurance benefit package among the uninsured in Vietnam. We adopted a mixed methods approach that included a ranking exercise followed by focus group discussions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225797/seasonal-clustering-of-sinopulmonary-mucormycosis-in-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-at-a-large-comprehensive-cancer-center
#10
Shobini Sivagnanam, Dhruba J Sengupta, Daniel Hoogestraat, Rupali Jain, Zach Stednick, David N Fredricks, Paul Hendrie, Estella Whimbey, Sara T Podczervinski, Elizabeth M Krantz, Jeffrey S Duchin, Steven A Pergam
Background: Invasive Mucorales infections (IMI) lead to significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. The role of season and climatic conditions in case clustering of IMI remain poorly understood. Methods: Following detection of a cluster of sinopulmonary IMIs in patients with hematologic malignancies, we reviewed center-based medical records of all patients with IMIs and other invasive fungal infections (IFIs) between January of 2012 and August of 2015 to assess for case clustering in relation to seasonality...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225762/functional-role-of-long-lived-flowers-in-preventing-pollen-limitation-in-a-high-elevation-outcrossing-species
#11
Mary T K Arroyo, Diego Andrés Pacheco, Leah S Dudley
Low pollinator visitation in harsh environments may lead to pollen limitation which can threaten population persistence. Consequently, avoidance of pollen limitation is expected in outcrossing species subjected to habitually low pollinator service. The elevational decline in visitation rates on many high mountains provides an outstanding opportunity for addressing this question. According to a recent meta-analysis, levels of pollen limitation in alpine and lowland species do not differ. If parallel trends are manifested among populations of alpine species with wide elevational ranges, how do their uppermost populations contend with lower visitation? We investigated visitation rates and pollen limitation in high Andean Rhodolirium montanum...
November 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225690/do-we-need-regional-guidelines-for-breast-cancer-management-in-the-mena-region-mena-breast-cancer-guidelines-project
#12
Reham Fayed, Dina Hamza, Heba Abdallah, Mohamed Kelany, Amira Tahseen, Adel T Aref
Purpose: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among females worldwide in general and in the Middle East and the North African region (MENA region) in particular. Management of breast cancer in the MENA region faces a lot of challenges, which include younger age at presentation, aggressive behaviour, lack of national breast screening programmes and lack of reliable data registries as well as socioeconomic factors. These factors make applying the international guidelines for breast cancer management very challenging...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#13
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224988/linking-hiv-negative-youth-to-prevention-services-in-12-u-s-cities-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-the-hiv-prevention-continuum
#14
Mimi Doll, J Dennis Fortenberry, Denise Roseland, Kathleen McAuliff, Craig M Wilson, Cherrie B Boyer
PURPOSE: Linkage of HIV-negative youth to prevention services is increasingly important with the development of effective pre-exposure prophylaxis that complements behavioral and other prevention-focused interventions. However, effective infrastructure for delivery of prevention services does not exist, leaving many programs to address HIV prevention without data to guide program development/implementation. The objective of this study was to provide a qualitative description of barriers and facilitators of linkage to prevention services among high-risk, HIV-negative youth...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224773/parental-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-childhood-hearing-loss-and-hearing-services-in-the-solomon-islands
#15
Annette Kaspar, Obiga Newton, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios
OBJECTIVE: An understanding of parental knowledge and attitudes towards childhood hearing loss is essential to the successful implementation of audiology services. The present study aimed to investigate parental knowledge and attitudes among parents in the Solomon Islands. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 100 mothers and 50 fathers were administered a questionnaire via semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Highest parental awareness of aetiology of childhood hearing loss was noted for otitis media (94%), noise exposure (87...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224702/early-intervention-to-restore-function-and-maintain-healthy-trajectory
#16
REVIEW
Juan Jover, Lydia Abasolo
The health of the global population has undergone rapid transformation. Life expectancy and chronic conditions are increasing, and persons aged 65 years or older have become the fastest growing segment of population. The worldwide picture of disease burden is increasingly defined by disability instead of premature mortality. Population growth, ageing and sedentary lifestyles, particularly in developing countries, will result in a crisis for the population health that requires a multi-system response. The growing awareness of the diseases burden increases the need for accurate measurement and assessment of the burden and measurement of the impact of any public health action...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224695/fragility-fractures-their-impact-on-older-people
#17
REVIEW
Lídia Sànchez-Riera, Nicholas Wilson
Osteoporotic fractures, in particular hip and vertebral, are a major health burden worldwide. The majority of these fractures occur in the elderly population, resulting in one of the most important causes of mortality and disability in older ages. Their cost for societies is enormous and is forecast to steadily increase over the coming decades globally. Low bone mineral density (BMD) remains a key preventable risk factor for fractures. Screening and treatment of individuals with high risk of fracture is cost-effective...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224637/valve-hemodynamic-deterioration-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-tavr-a-report-from-the-sts-acc-tvt-registry
#18
Sreekanth Vemulapalli, David R Holmes, David Dai, Roland Matsouaka, Michael J Mack, Fred L Grover, Raj R Makkar, Vinod H Thourani, Pamela S Douglas
BACKGROUND: Recent reports of leaflet abnormalities (detected using advanced imaging) have raised questions regarding transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) durability. We sought to determine the incidence of valve hemodynamic deterioration (VHD) and its association with cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive cases with paired postimplant and follow-up echocardiograms from November 2011 to March 2015 in the STS/ACC TVT Registry were allocated into 2 overlapping cohorts: early (paired echocardiograms at 0 and 30 days) and late (paired echocardiograms at 30 days and 1 year)...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223965/advancing-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-through-point-of-care-testing-target-product-profiles-and-landscape-analysis
#19
Igor Toskin, Maurine Murtagh, Rosanna W Peeling, Karel Blondeel, Joanna Cordero, James Kiarie
OBJECTIVES: Advancing the field of point-of-care testing (POCT) for STIs can rapidly and substantially improve STI control and prevention by providing targeted, essential STI services (case detection and screening). POCT enables definitive diagnosis and appropriate treatment in a single visit and home and community-based testing. METHODS: Since 2014, the WHO Department of Reproductive Health and Research, in collaboration with technical partners, has completed four landscape analyses of promising diagnostics for use at or near the point of patient care to detect syphilis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis and the human papillomavirus...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223147/the-unmet-provision-of-allergy-services-in-hong-kong-impairs-capability-for-allergy-prevention-implications-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#20
Tak-Hong Lee, Ting-Fan Leung, Gary Wong, Marco Ho, Jaime Rosa Duque, Philip Hei Li, Chak-Sing Lau, Wai-Fan Lam, Adrian Wu, Eric Chan, Christopher Lai, Yu-Lung Lau
There is a high and rising prevalence of many allergic diseases in the Asia Pacific, including Hong Kong, which is unmatched by a commensurate provision of clinical allergy services. In the last 3 years, the allergy profile in Hong Kong has increased due to greater public engagement and more frequent educational activities, scientific outputs and publication of local guidelines on allergy prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Two new drug allergy clinics have been established in public hospitals, and for the first time in 20 years, Hong Kong has its first trainee in adult allergy...
December 10, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
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