Read by QxMD icon Read


Arturo Coaviche-Yoval, Hector Luna, Ricardo Tovar-Miranda, Marvin Antonio Soriano-Ursua, Jose G Trujillo-Ferrara
BACKGROUND: Benzofurans are heterocyclic compounds with neurotropic activity. Some have been developed for the treatment of acute and degenerative neuronal injuries. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the in silico binding of some promising benzofurans on the GABA receptors, and the in vivo neurotropic activity of benzofuran analogues (BZF 6-10) of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on a seizure model. METHODS: The ligands with the best physicochemical attributes were docked on two GABA receptors (the alpha-1 subunit of GABAA-R and GBR1 subunit of GABAB-R)...
May 23, 2018: Medicinal Chemistry
Milo S Siivonen, Elena de Miguel, Juho Aaltio, Aino K Manner, Mikko Vahermo, Jari Yli-Kauhaluoma, Anni-Maija Linden, Teemu Aitta-Aho, Esa R Korpi
Extrasynaptic δ subunit-containing γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (δ-GABAA Rs) are emerging as targets for a number of neuropsychopharmacological drugs, including the direct GABA-site agonist gaboxadol and neuroactive steroids. Among other regions, these δ-GABAA Rs are functionally expressed in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), the cell body region of mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA) system important for motivated behaviors, and in the target region, the nucleus accumbens. Gaboxadol and neurosteroids induce VTA DA neuron plasticity ex vivo, by inhibiting the VTA GABA neurons, and aversive place conditioning, which are absent in the δ-GABAA R knockout mice (δ-KO)...
May 21, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Enhua Shao, Seth D Scheetz, Wenting Xie, Edward A Burton
Optokinetic reflex (OKR) responses provide a convenient means to evaluate visual, integrative and oculomotor function in larval zebrafish. We measured multiple aspects of the OKR response in zebrafish exposed systemically to compounds altering signaling at GABAA receptors in order to derive quantitative concentration-response relationships. The GABAA antagonist picrotoxin caused concentration-dependent decreases in reflex gain, saccade velocity, saccade amplitude, interocular concordance and interocular gain...
April 3, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Melvyn H W Yap, Martyna J Grabowska, Chelsie Rohrscheib, Rhiannon Jeans, Michael Troup, Angelique C Paulk, Bart van Alphen, Paul J Shaw, Bruno van Swinderen
Sleep is a dynamic process comprising multiple stages, each associated with distinct electrophysiological properties and potentially serving different functions. While these phenomena are well described in vertebrates, it is unclear if invertebrates have distinct sleep stages. We perform local field potential (LFP) recordings on flies spontaneously sleeping, and compare their brain activity to flies induced to sleep using either genetic activation of sleep-promoting circuitry or the GABAA agonist Gaboxadol...
November 28, 2017: Nature Communications
W Wisden, X Yu, N P Franks
Current GABAergic sleep-promoting medications were developed pragmatically, without making use of the immense diversity of GABAA receptors. Pharmacogenetic experiments are leading to an understanding of the circuit mechanisms in the hypothalamus by which zolpidem and similar compounds induce sleep at α2βγ2-type GABAA receptors. Drugs acting at more selective receptor types, for example, at receptors containing the α2 and/or α3 subunits expressed in hypothalamic and brain stem areas, could in principle be useful as hypnotics/anxiolytics...
October 10, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Mona Hashemzadeh, Morteza Zendehdel, Vahab Babapour, Negar Panahi
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to examine the role of central γ-Aminobutyric acidA receptors and dopaminergic system on feeding behaviour in neonatal layer-type chicken. METHODS: In this study, six experiments were designed, each with four treatment groups (n = 44 in each experiment). In experiment 1, four groups of 3-h food-deprived chicks received a dose of either the intracerebroventricular injection of (1) control solution, (2) Levo-dihydroxyphenylalanine as precursor of dopamine; 125 nmol, (3) Gaboxadol (γ-Aminobutyric acidA receptor agonist, 0...
April 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
Mariah A A Meyer, Kevin A Corcoran, Helen J Chen, Sonia Gallego, Guanguan Li, Veda V Tiruveedhula, James M Cook, Jelena Radulovic
Retrieval of fear memories can be state-dependent, meaning that they are best retrieved if the brain states at encoding and retrieval are similar. Such states can be induced by activating extrasynaptic γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (GABAAR) with the broad α-subunit activator gaboxadol. However, the circuit mechanisms and specific subunits underlying gaboxadol's effects are not well understood. Here we show that gaboxadol induces profound changes of local and network oscillatory activity, indicative of discoordinated hippocampal-cortical activity, that were accompanied by robust and long-lasting state-dependent conditioned fear...
September 2017: Learning & Memory
Yi-Ting Hsu, Ya-Gin Chang, Ching-Pang Chang, Jian-Jing Siew, Hui-Mei Chen, Chon-Haw Tsai, Yijuang Chern
BACKGROUND: Disruptions in gamma-aminobutyric (GABA) acid signaling are believed to be involved in Huntington's disease pathogenesis, but the regulation of GABAergic signaling remains elusive. Here we evaluated GABAergic signaling by examining the function of GABAergic drugs in Huntington's disease and the expression of GABAergic molecules using mouse models and human brain tissues from Huntington's disease. METHODS: We treated wild-type and R6/2 mice (a transgenic Huntington's disease mouse model) acutely with vehicle, diazepam, or gaboxadol (drugs that selectively target synaptic or extrasynaptic GABAA receptors) and monitored their locomotor activity...
November 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Yuri A Blednov, Mendy Black, Jillian M Benavidez, Adriana Da Costa, Jody Mayfield, R Adron Harris
BACKGROUND: In our companion article, we examined the role of MyD88-dependent signaling in ethanol (EtOH) consumption in mice lacking key components of this inflammatory pathway and observed differential effects on drinking. Here, we studied the role of these same signaling components in the acute sedative, intoxicating, and physiological effects of EtOH. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) has been reported to strongly reduce the duration of EtOH-induced sedation, although most studies do not support its direct involvement in EtOH consumption...
March 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Nora Siegal Silverman, Susanna Popp, Vincent Vialou, Konstantin Astafurov, Eric J Nestler, Diana Dow-Edwards
Behavioral sensitization to psychostimulants is associated with changes in dopamine (DA), glutamate, and GABA within the mesocorticolimbic and nigrostriatal DA systems. Because GABAA receptors are highly expressed within these systems, we examined the role of these receptors containing a δ subunit in cocaine behavioral sensitization. Experiment 1 examined the effects of Gaboxadol (GBX, also known as THIP [4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-isoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol]), a selective δ-GABAA receptor agonist, on the locomotor responses to acute cocaine...
April 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Claudio Zanettini, Jeffrey D Pressly, Miguel H Ibarra, Kelsey R Smith, Lisa R Gerak
RATIONALE: Gaboxadol is a selective agonist at γ-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptors that contain α4-δ subunits, and it produces anxiolytic and sedative effects. Although adverse effects preclude its clinical use, its mechanism of action suggests that those receptors might provide novel therapeutic targets, particularly for modulators of those GABAA receptor subtypes, by retaining therapeutic effects of gaboxadol and not adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: The current study compared discriminative stimulus effects of gaboxadol with those of modulators acting at GABAA receptors containing α4-δ subunits...
May 2016: Psychopharmacology
Karen J Tonsfeldt, Katherine L Suchland, Kathleen A Beeson, Janet D Lowe, Ming-Hua Li, Susan L Ingram
UNLABELLED: The ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG) is a key structure in the descending pain modulatory circuit. Activation of the circuit occurs via disinhibition of GABAergic inputs onto vlPAG output neurons. In these studies, we tested the hypothesis that GABAergic inhibition is increased during persistent inflammation, dampening activation of the descending circuit from the vlPAG. Our results indicate that persistent inflammation induced by Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) modulates GABA signaling differently in male and female rats...
February 3, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Kasra Mokhtarpouriani, Morteza Zendehdel, Hossein Jonaidi, Vahab Babapour, Parviz Shayan
Most physiological behaviors such as food intake are controlled by the hypothalamus and its nuclei. It has been demonstrated that injection of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus with nitric oxide (NO) donors elicited changes in the concentration of some amino acids, including GABA. Also, central nitrergic and GABAergic systems are known to provide inputs to the paraventricular nucleus and are involved in food intake control. Therefore, the present study examines the probable interaction of central nitrergic and GABAergic systems on food intake in neonatal layer-type chicks...
May 2016: Amino Acids
Rune Nørgaard Rasmussen, Candela Lagunas, Jakob Plum, René Holm, Carsten Uhd Nielsen
The aim of the present study was to investigate if basic GABA-mimetics interact with the taurine transporter (TauT, Slc6a6), and to find a suitable cell based model that is robust towards extracellular changes in osmolality during uptake studies. Taurine uptake was measured in human Caco-2 cells, porcine LLC-PK1 cells, and rat SKPT cells using radiolabelled taurine. Hyperosmotic conditions were obtained by incubation with raffinose (final osmolality of 500mOsm) for 24h prior to the uptake experiments. Expression of the taurine transporter, TauT, was investigated at the mRNA level by real-time PCR...
January 20, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Aarti Kuver, Sheryl S Smith
Increases in expression of α4βδ GABAA receptors (GABARs), triggered by fluctuations in the neurosteroid THP (3α-OH-5α[β]-pregnan-20-one), are associated with changes in mood and cognition. We tested whether α4βδ trafficking and surface expression would be altered by in vitro exposure to flumazenil, a benzodiazepine ligand which reduces α4βδ expression in vivo. We first determined that flumazenil (100 nM-100 μM, IC50=∼1 μM) acted as a negative modulator, reducing GABA (10 μM)-gated current in the presence of 100 nM THP (to increase receptor efficacy), assessed with whole cell patch clamp recordings of recombinant α4β2δ expressed in HEK-293 cells...
January 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
Filippos Kesisoglou, Anand Balakrishnan, Kimberly Manser
Given the complexity of controlled release (CR) formulations, selecting the right preclinical tools is important to enable decision making on the in vivo performance of these formulations during development. In recent years, with the advancements of absorption/physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling, such computational approaches play an increasing role in guiding formulation development. Development of PBPK models for CR formulations requires additional information compared with immediate release (IR) products...
February 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Reymundo Lozano, Veronica Martinez-Cerdeno, Randi J Hagerman
Fragile X spectrum disorder (FXSD) includes: fragile X syndrome (FXS), fragile X-associated tremor ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) and fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency (FXPOI), as well as other medical, psychiatric and neurobehavioral problems associated with the premutation and gray zone alleles. FXS is the most common monogenetic cause of autism (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID). The understanding of the neurobiology of FXS has led to many targeted treatment trials in FXS. The first wave of phase II clinical trials in FXS were designed to target the mGluR5 pathway; however the results did not show significant efficacy and the trials were terminated...
2015: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Evgeny A Sametsky, Jeremy G Turner, Deb Larsen, Lynne Ling, Donald M Caspary
Accumulating evidence suggests a role for inhibitory neurotransmitter dysfunction in the pathology of tinnitus. Opposing hypotheses proposed either a pathologic decrease or increase of GABAergic inhibition in medial geniculate body (MGB). In thalamus, GABA mediates fast synaptic inhibition via synaptic GABAA receptors (GABAARs) and persistent tonic inhibition via high-affinity extrasynaptic GABAARs. Given that extrasynaptic GABAARs control the firing mode of thalamocortical neurons, we examined tonic GABAAR currents in MGB neurons in vitro, using the following three groups of adult rats: unexposed control (Ctrl); sound exposed with behavioral evidence of tinnitus (Tin); and sound exposed with no behavioral evidence of tinnitus (Non-T)...
June 24, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Jacob A Berry, Isaac Cervantes-Sandoval, Molee Chakraborty, Ronald L Davis
Early studies from psychology suggest that sleep facilitates memory retention by stopping ongoing retroactive interference caused by mental activity or external sensory stimuli. Neuroscience research with animal models, on the other hand, suggests that sleep facilitates retention by enhancing memory consolidation. Recently, in Drosophila, the ongoing activity of specific dopamine neurons was shown to regulate the forgetting of olfactory memories. Here, we show this ongoing dopaminergic activity is modulated with behavioral state, increasing robustly with locomotor activity and decreasing with rest...
June 18, 2015: Cell
K S Hellsten, A-M Linden, E R Korpi
A GABA-site agonist gaboxadol (4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol) at 3 mg/kg induces strong anxiolytic response in a transgenic Thy1α6 mouse line ectopically expressing the GABA(A) receptor α6 subunit gene under the Thy-1.2 promoter. Now, we compared brain activation patterns between Thy1α6 and wild-type mice to identify brain structures potentially mediating this anxiolytic response. Acutely efficient anxiolytics such as benzodiazepines typically depress most brain regions while activating specifically neurons within the central extended amygdala...
May 7, 2015: Neuroscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"