keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cognitive error emergency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523743/applying-lessons-from-social-psychology-to-transform-the-culture-of-error-disclosure
#1
Jason Han, Denise LaMarra, Neha Vapiwala
CONTEXT: The ability to carry out prompt and effective error disclosure has been described in the literature as an essential skill among physicians that can lead to improved patient satisfaction, staff well-being and hospital outcomes. However, few studies have addressed the social psychology principles that may influence physician behaviour. METHODS: The authors provide an overview of recent administrative measures designed to encourage physicians to disclose error, but note that deliberate practice, buttressed with lessons from social psychology, is needed to implement further productive behavioural changes...
May 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507528/cognitive-impairments-in-occupational-burnout-error-processing-and-its-indices-of-reactive-and-proactive-control
#2
Krystyna Golonka, Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Magda Gawlowska, Katarzyna Popiel
The presented study refers to cognitive aspects of burnout as the effects of long-term work-related stress. The purpose of the study was to investigate electrophysiological correlates of burnout to explain the mechanisms of the core burnout symptoms: exhaustion and depersonalization/cynicism. The analyzed error-related electrophysiological markers shed light on impaired cognitive mechanisms and the specific changes in information-processing in burnout. In the EEG study design (N = 80), two components of error-related potential (ERP), error-related negativity (ERN), and error positivity (Pe), were analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506484/a-surgical-approach-to-the-anatomo-functional-structure-of-language
#3
REVIEW
E Mandonnet
INTRODUCTION: Language is the most widely mapped cognitive function during brain surgery. Intraoperative language functional mapping using direct electrical stimulation under awake conditions is currently the gold standard technique for establishing the causal link between an area and a deficit that would be caused by its resection. It is also a powerful tool to investigate the anatomical correlates of current neuropsychological models of language. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of this article is to reexamine the anatomo-functional structure of language that could be inferred from data obtained in direct electrical stimulation studies during awake surgery...
May 12, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464561/progress-toward-openness-transparency-and-reproducibility-in-cognitive-neuroscience
#4
REVIEW
Rick O Gilmore, Michele T Diaz, Brad A Wyble, Tal Yarkoni
Accumulating evidence suggests that many findings in psychological science and cognitive neuroscience may prove difficult to reproduce; statistical power in brain imaging studies is low and has not improved recently; software errors in analysis tools are common and can go undetected for many years; and, a few large-scale studies notwithstanding, open sharing of data, code, and materials remain the rare exception. At the same time, there is a renewed focus on reproducibility, transparency, and openness as essential core values in cognitive neuroscience...
May 2, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462815/brain-mechanisms-of-reality-monitoring
#5
REVIEW
Jon S Simons, Jane R Garrison, Marcia K Johnson
Reality monitoring processes are necessary for discriminating between internally generated information and information that originated in the outside world. They help us to identify our thoughts, feelings, and imaginations, and to distinguish them from events we may have experienced or have been told about by someone else. Reality monitoring errors range from confusions between real and imagined experiences, that are byproducts of normal cognition, to symptoms of mental illness such as hallucinations. Recent advances support an emerging neurocognitive characterization of reality monitoring that provides insights into its underlying operating principles and neural mechanisms, the differing ways in which impairment may occur in health and disease, and the potential for rehabilitation strategies to be devised that might help those who experience clinically significant reality monitoring disruption...
April 24, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449293/a-novel-approach-to-study-medical-decision-making-in-the-clinical-setting-the-own-point-of-view-perspective
#6
Thierry Pelaccia, Jacques Tardif, Emmanuel Triby, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: Making diagnostic and therapeutic decisions is a critical activity among physicians. It relies on the ability of physicians to use cognitive processes and specific knowledge in the context of a clinical reasoning. This ability is a core competency in physicians, especially in the field of emergency medicine where the rate of diagnostic errors is high. Studies that explore medical decision-making in an authentic setting are increasing significantly. They are based on the use of qualitative methods which are applied at two separate times: 1) a video recording of the subject's actual activity in an authentic setting and 2) an interview with the subject, supported by the video recording...
April 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393573/persistence-with-rapid-acting-insulin-and-its-association-with-a1c-level-and-severe-hypoglycemia-among-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Usha Sambamoorthi, Rahul Garg, Arijita Deb, Tao Fan, Anders Boss
OBJECTIVE: To examine the persistence with rapid-acting insulin (RAI) and its association with clinical outcomes among elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This observational, retrospective cohort study analyzed RAI persistence and its association with change in A1C and risk of severe hypoglycemia among elderly (≥65 years) Medicare beneficiaries with T2D who added RAI to their basal insulin regimen. RESULTS: Among T2D patients with >1 RAI prescriptions (n = 3,927), only 21% were persistent...
April 10, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385461/the-cerebellum-adaptive-prediction-for-movement-and-cognition
#8
REVIEW
Arseny A Sokolov, R Chris Miall, Richard B Ivry
Over the past 30 years, cumulative evidence has indicated that cerebellar function extends beyond sensorimotor control. This view has emerged from studies of neuroanatomy, neuroimaging, neuropsychology, and brain stimulation, with the results implicating the cerebellum in domains as diverse as attention, language, executive function, and social cognition. Although the literature provides sophisticated models of how the cerebellum helps refine movements, it remains unclear how the core mechanisms of these models can be applied when considering a broader conceptualization of cerebellar function...
April 3, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377709/the-role-of-architectural-and-learning-constraints-in-neural-network-models-a-case-study-on-visual-space-coding
#9
Alberto Testolin, Michele De Filippo De Grazia, Marco Zorzi
The recent "deep learning revolution" in artificial neural networks had strong impact and widespread deployment for engineering applications, but the use of deep learning for neurocomputational modeling has been so far limited. In this article we argue that unsupervised deep learning represents an important step forward for improving neurocomputational models of perception and cognition, because it emphasizes the role of generative learning as opposed to discriminative (supervised) learning. As a case study, we present a series of simulations investigating the emergence of neural coding of visual space for sensorimotor transformations...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365315/response-inhibition-or-evaluation-of-danger-an-event-related-potential-study-regarding-the-origin-of-the-motor-interference-effect-from-dangerous-objects
#10
Peng Liu, Rong Cao, Xuhai Chen, Yonghui Wang
Previous studies have identified an interference effect from dangerous objects on prepared responses. However, its origin remains arguable. This study investigated the neural processes of this motor interference effect. The design adopted a motor priming paradigm mixed with a Go/NoGo task. Pictures of a left or right hand were used as primes, and green (Go signal) or red (NoGo signal) circles superimposed on dangerous or safe objects were used as targets. Participants were instructed to prepare the corresponding key press using the hand that was consistent with the handedness of the prime and not to execute until a Go signal appeared...
March 29, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252977/rumination-is-associated-with-diminished-performance-monitoring
#11
Ema Tanovic, Greg Hajcak, Charles A Sanislow
Rumination is a construct that cuts across a variety of disorders, including anxiety and depression. It has been associated with deficits in cognitive control thought to confer risk for psychopathology. One aspect of cognitive control that is especially relevant to the content of ruminative thoughts is error processing. We examined the relation of rumination and 2 electrophysiological indices of error processing, error-related negativity (ERN), an early index of error detection, and error positivity (Pe), a later index of error awareness...
March 2, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230894/diagnosing-crime-and-diagnosing-disease-bias-reduction-strategies-in-the-forensic-and-clinical-sciences
#12
Joseph J Lockhart, Saty Satya-Murti
Cognitive effort is an essential part of both forensic and clinical decision-making. Errors occur in both fields because the cognitive process is complex and prone to bias. We performed a selective review of full-text English language literature on cognitive bias leading to diagnostic and forensic errors. Earlier work (1970-2000) concentrated on classifying and raising bias awareness. Recently (2000-2016), the emphasis has shifted toward strategies for "debiasing." While the forensic sciences have focused on the control of misleading contextual cues, clinical debiasing efforts have relied on checklists and hypothetical scenarios...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123033/the-caudate-nucleus-mediates-learning-of-stimulus-control-state-associations
#13
Yu-Chin Chiu, Jiefeng Jiang, Tobias Egner
A longstanding dichotomy in cognitive psychology and neuroscience pits controlled, top-down driven behavior against associative, bottom-up driven behavior, where cognitive control processes allow us to override well-learned stimulus-response (S-R) associations. By contrast, some previous studies have raised the intriguing possibility of an integration between associative and controlled processing in the form of stimulus-control state (S-C) associations, the learned linkage of specific stimuli to particular control states, such as high attentional selectivity...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116010/an-analysis-of-the-top-cited-articles-in-emergency-medicine-education-literature
#14
Brendan W Munzer, Jeffery Love, Barbara L Shipman, Brendan Byrne, Stephen J Cico, Robert Furlong, Sorabh Khandelwal, Sally A Santen
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination of educational research is critical to improving medical education, promotion of faculty and ultimately patient care. The objective of this study was to identify the top 25 cited education articles in the emergency medicine (EM) literature and the top 25 cited EM education articles in all journals, as well as report on the characteristics of the articles. METHODS: Two searches were conducted in the Web of Science in June 2016 using a list of education-related search terms...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079584/the-development-and-implementation-of-cognitive-aids-for-critical-events-in-pediatric-anesthesia-the-society-for-pediatric-anesthesia-critical-events-checklists
#15
Anna Clebone, Barbara K Burian, Scott C Watkins, Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Eugenie S Heitmiller
Cognitive aids such as checklists are commonly used in modern operating rooms for routine processes, and the use of such aids may be even more important during critical events. The Quality and Safety Committee of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) has developed a set of critical-event checklists and cognitive aids designed for 3 purposes: (1) as a repository of the latest evidence-based and expert opinion-based information to guide response and management of critical events, (2) as a source of just-in-time information during critical events, and (3) as a method to facilitate a shared understanding of required actions among team members during a critical event...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061376/visual-orienting-and-attention-deficits-in-5-and-10-month-old-preterm-infants
#16
Shannon Ross-Sheehy, Sammy Perone, Kelsi L Macek, Bret Eschman
Cognitive outcomes for children born prematurely are well characterized, including increased risk for deficits in memory, attention, processing speed, and executive function. However, little is known about deficits that appear within the first 12 months, and how these early deficits contribute to later outcomes. To probe for functional deficits in visual attention, preterm and full-term infants were tested at 5 and 10 months with the Infant Orienting With Attention task (IOWA; Ross-Sheehy, Schneegans and Spencer, 2015)...
January 3, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050911/caring-for-elder-patients
#17
Karin Nordström, Tenzin Wangmo
BACKGROUND: Neglect and abuse of elders in care institutions is a recurring issue in the media. Elders in care institutions are vulnerable due to their physical, cognitive, and verbal limitations. Such vulnerabilities may make them more susceptible to mistreatment by caregivers on whom they are heavily dependent. OBJECTIVES: The goal was to understand caregivers' concerns about ensuring correct and proper treatment, as well as their experiences with neglect and abuse of older patients...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007750/parent-preferences-for-medical-error-disclosure-a-qualitative-study
#18
Maitreya Coffey, Sherry Espin, Tara Hahmann, Hayyah Clairman, Lisha Lo, Jeremy N Friedman, Anne Matlow
OBJECTIVE: According to disclosure guidelines, patients experiencing adverse events due to medical errors should be offered full disclosure, whereas disclosure of near misses is not traditionally expected. This may conflict with parental expectations; surveys reveal most parents expect full disclosure whether errors resulted in harm or not. Protocols regarding whether to include children in these discussions have not been established. This study explores parent preferences around disclosure and views on including children...
January 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995359/associations-between-disorder-specific-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-error-monitoring-brain-activity-in-young-children
#19
Sharon L Lo, Hans S Schroder, Megan E Fisher, C Emily Durbin, Kate D Fitzgerald, Judith H Danovitch, Jason S Moser
Anxiety disorders are among the earliest emerging disorders and most common mental health problem across the lifespan. A common characteristic of individuals with anxiety is poor attentional and cognitive control. Therefore, researchers are interested in how cognitive functioning relates to anxiety in young children. In particular, research has demonstrated associations between anxiety and electrophysiological markers of cognitive control skills such as the error-related negativity (ERN). The nature of the anxiety-ERN relationship is not well understood, however...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980117/the-caudate-nucleus-mediates-learning-of-stimulus-control-state-associations
#20
Yu-Chin Chiu, Jiefeng Jiang, Tobias Egner
A longstanding dichotomy in cognitive psychology and neuroscience pits controlled, top-down driven against associative, bottom-up driven behavior, where cognitive control processes allow us to override well-learned stimulus-response (S-R) associations. By contrast, some recent studies have raised the intriguing possibility of an integration between associative and controlled processing in the form of stimulus-control state (S-C) associations, the learned linkage of specific stimuli to particular control states, such as high attentional selectivity...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
63907
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"