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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234058/relation-of-ultrasound-findings-and-abdominal-symptoms-obtained-with-the-cfabd-score-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#1
Harold Tabori, Anke Jaudszus, Christin Arnold, Hans-Joachim Mentzel, Michael Lorenz, Ruth K Michl, Thomas Lehmann, Diane M Renz, Jochen G Mainz
Abdominal symptoms are a hallmark of Cystic fibrosis (CF). Yet, their association with morphological abnormalities of different abdominal organs is still poorly understood. Aim was therefore to relate these symptoms, assessed with a questionnaire, to findings in abdominal ultrasound (US). In 114 CF patients of all ages, findings in US considering seventeen specific parameters were related to abdominal symptoms compiled with our novel CF-specific 26-modal symptom score (CFAbd-Score). US abnormalities were detected in 95% of the patients...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229479/defining-normal-neonatal-abdominal-wall-musculature-with-ultrasonography
#2
Adam Ofri, Tim Schindler, Anthony Dilley, John Pereira, Susan Adams
INTRODUCTION: The development of new surgical approaches for the management of congenital abdominal wall defects may be facilitated by using an animal model. However, because the anatomy of the neonatal abdominal wall has not been described, a suitable model is yet to be identified. We aimed to evaluate and define the neonatal abdominal wall musculature using ultrasound, to be used as a reference to identify an appropriate animal model for the neonatal abdominal wall in the future. METHODS: Infants with a postconceptual age of less than one month weighing between 2 and 3 kg were eligible...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218489/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-of-the-kidney-a-single-institution-experience
#3
Sheng F Oon, Robert W Foley, Deirdre Quinn, David M Quinlan, Robert G Gibney
BACKGROUND: Focal renal masses are typically evaluated by means of triphasic contrast-enhanced CT or MRI scan but use of iodinated contrast or gadolinium is unsuitable for some patients. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an imaging alternative in this scenario but has limited availability in Ireland. AIM: The aim of the study was to retrospectively evaluate experience with selective use of CEUS for non-invasive characterization of focal renal masses in a tertiary referral institution in Ireland, with a particular focus on cystic renal lesions and the influence of CEUS on final Bosniak classification and treatment outcomes...
December 7, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216801/first-report-of-prenatal-ascertainment-of-a-fetus-with-homozygous-loss-of-the-sox10-gene-and-phenotypic-correlation-by-autopsy-examination
#4
David P LeBel, Daynna J Wolff, Nicholas I Batalis, Tara Ellingham, Natalie Matics, Sanjay C Patwardhan, Iya Y Znoyko, Cynthia A Schandl
The SOX10 gene plays a vital role in neural crest cell development and migration. Abnormalities in SOX10 are associated with Waardenburg syndrome Types II and IV, and these patients have recognizable clinical features. This case report highlights the first ever reported homozygous loss of function of the SOX10 gene in a human. This deletion is correlated using family history, prenatal ultrasound, microarray analysis of amniotic fluid, and ultimately, a medical autopsy examination to further elucidate phenotypic effects of this genetic variation...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216022/yield-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-children-and-adolescent-with-acute-recurrent-pancreatitis
#5
Sumit Kumar Singh, Anshu Srivastava, Praveer Rai, Surender K Yachha, Ujjal Poddar
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is an established tool for evaluation of adults with acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) while data in pediatrics is limited. Our study assessed the role of EUS in identifying etiology including changes of chronic pancreatitis (CP) in children and adolescents with ARP. METHODS: Children with ARP (≥2 episodes of acute pancreatitis) were prospectively evaluated with a detailed clinical proforma and EUS. Subjects with known etiology of ARP or CP on ultrasonography/computed tomography and magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP, Cambridge grade ≥3) were excluded...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210924/intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-moderate-to-severe-congenital-heart-disease
#6
Cynthia M Ortinau, Jagruti S Anadkat, Christopher D Smyser, Pirooz Eghtesady
OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of intraventricular hemorrhage in infants with moderate to severe congenital heart disease, investigate the impact of gestational age, cardiac diagnosis, and cardiac intervention on intraventricular hemorrhage, and compare intraventricular hemorrhage rates in preterm infants with and without congenital heart disease. DESIGN: A single-center retrospective review. SETTING: A tertiary care children's hospital...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204353/sphingomonas-paucimobilis-presenting-as-acute-phlebitis-a-case-report
#7
Saqib Walayat, Abdullah Malik, Nooreen Hussain, Teresa Lynch
Sphingomonas paucimobilis is a strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming Gram-negative bacillus, ubiquitous bacterium, thought to be an opportunistic pathogen and is rarely reported in clinical settings. Here in, is the first case report of Acute Sphingomonas phlebitis secondary to intravenous (IV) drug use. We present the case of a 39-year-old male who initially presented with pain in his right upper extremity, fevers and chills of three week duration. He admitted to regularly injecting heroin in his distal right upper extremity with visible erythema, tenderness and streaking along the path of vein along the injection site...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198895/portal-to-right-portal-vein-bypass-for-extrahepatic-portal-vein-obstruction
#8
Li Long, Zhang Jinshan, Chen Zhen, Li Qi, Dong Ning, Diao Mei, Cheng Wei
OBJECTIVE: Rex shunt (mesenteric-to-left portal vein bypass) is considered a more physiologically rational treatment for EHPVO than other portosystemic systemic shunts in children. However, about 13.6% of children with EHPVO do not have usable left portal veins and up to 28.1%. Rex operations in children are not successful. Hence, a Rex shunt in these children was impossible. This study reports a novel approach by portal-to-right portal vein bypass for treatment of children with failed Rex shunts...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194769/intravascular-ultrasound-of-the-proximal-left-anterior-descending-artery-is-sufficient-to-detect-early-cardiac-allograft-vasculopathy
#9
Vincent Floré, Adam J Brown, Stephen J Pettit, Nick Ej West, Clive Lewis, Jayan Parameshwar, Stephen P Hoole
MAIN PROBLEM: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) can be detected early with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) but there is limited information on the most efficient imaging protocol. METHODS: Coronary angiography and IVUS of the 3 coronary arteries were performed. Volumetric IVUS analysis was performed and a Stanford grade determined for each vessel. RESULTS: 18 patients were included 18 (range 12-24) months after transplantation. Angiographic CAV severity ranged from none (CAV0) to mild (CAV1) whereas IVUS CAV severity ranged from none (Stanford grade I) to severe (grade IV)...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189249/a-nurse-led-ultrasound-enhanced-vascular-access-preservation-program
#10
Turena Reeves, Dolores Morrison, Gerry Altmiller
: Insertion of peripheral iv catheters is a common practice in medical-surgical care settings. The frequency with which attempts are made to insert catheters causes rapid peripheral vessel depletion (a reduction in the number of usable veins), leading to the overuse of unnecessary central line catheters. Reducing central line-associated bloodstream infections is a national health care priority. In this quality improvement report, the authors describe the implementation of a nurse-led vascular access preservation program using ultrasound technology as a method to reduce the use of nonessential peripherally inserted central catheters...
December 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188372/efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-core-needle-biopsy-in-cervical-lymphadenopathy-a-retrospective-study-of-6-695-cases
#11
Feng Han, Min Xu, Ting Xie, Jian-Wei Wang, Qing-Guang Lin, Zhi-Xing Guo, Wei Zheng, Jing Han, Xi Lin, Ru-Hai Zou, Jian-Hua Zhou, An-Hua Li
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic yield of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) in cervical lymphadenopathy and identify the factors influencing the diagnostic accuracy of US-CNB. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 6,603 patients with cervical lymphadenopathy who underwent 6695 US-CNB procedures between 2004 and 2017. RESULTS: Adequate specimens were obtained in 92.19 % (6,172/6,695) of cases. Most lymph nodes (67...
November 29, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183426/choledochal-malformations-lessons-learnt-in-johannesburg
#12
A Grieve, D Harrison, C Westgarth-Taylor, J Loveland
BACKGROUND: Choledochal malformation (CM) is a well-described and relatively rare condition. CMs may present on antenatal ultrasound screening, through childhood and into adulthood. The aetiology is not well understood but the association with a pancreaticobiliary malunion predisposes to the development of CMs. OBJECTIVES: To review the experience of CMs in the Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg to improve our patient care for this population...
November 6, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180299/initial-imaging-for-pediatric-renal-tumors-an-opportunity-for-improvement
#13
Amanda F Saltzman, Alonso Carrasco, Jason Weinman, Mariana L Meyers, Nicholas G Cost
PURPOSE: Current Children's Oncology Group studies on children with renal malignancy focus on minimizing side effects with a goal of decreasing long term complications. The goal of the present study is to evaluate the patterns of initial imaging in children with renal tumors. MATERIALS & METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of 122 patients treated for renal tumors at our institution from 2005 to 2016. Ideal imaging was defined as cross-sectional imaging of C/A/P in one setting without any additional ionizing radiation exposing scans...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177714/non-invasive-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-uv-induced-hyperpigmentation-in-fitzpatrick-skin-types-iii-and-iv-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-evaluator-blinded-trial
#14
Vasanop Vachiramon, Natthachat Jurairattanaporn, Sarawin Harnchoowong, Pamela Chayavichitsilp
Skin hyperpigmentation is a frequently encountered problem, particularly in darker skin types. Unfortunately, standard treatments for this condition have shown disappointing results. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is commonly indicated for skin laxity, but recently was used to treat UV-induced hyperpigmentation in animal models. This study is aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-intensity focused ultrasound for UVB-induced hyperpigmentation in human subjects. A randomized, evaluator-blinded pilot study was conducted on 20 subjects...
November 27, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161789/current-status-of-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration-practice-in-thailand
#15
REVIEW
Somboon Keelawat, Samreung Rangdaeng, Supinda Koonmee, Tikamporn Jitpasutham, Andrey Bychkov
Thyroid carcinoma is one of the leading malignancies in Thailand increasingly prevalent in the female population. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is a widely used diagnostic tool for evaluation of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. Thyroid FNA is a routine procedure universally performed in Thai hospitals by a variety of clinical specialists. Manual guidance is the first-line choice complemented by ultrasound assistance in selected cases. Despite national guidelines recommendations, the diagnostic criteria and terminology of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) was slowly adopted in the local settings...
November 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153007/ultrasound-guided-hyaluronic-acid-injection-for-the-management-of-morton-s-neuroma
#16
Kang Lee, Il-Yeong Hwang, Chang Hyun Ryu, Jae Woo Lee, Seung Woo Kang
BACKGROUND: Morton's neuroma is one of the common causes of forefoot pain. In the present study, hyaluronic acid injection was performed on patients to determine the efficacy and adverse effects of hyaluronic acid in management of Morton's neuroma. METHODS: Eighty-three patients with Morton's neuroma in their third intermetatarsal space with definite Mulder's click were included in the study. Those with severe forefoot deformities such as forefoot cavus or hallux valgus on plain X-rays were excluded...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140840/high-voltage-electrical-stimulation-versus-ultrasound-in-the-treatment-of-pressure-ulcers
#17
Pinar Bora Karsli, Eda Gurcay, Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Aytul Cakci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the efficacy of high-voltage electrical stimulation (HVES) with ultrasound (US) in treating Stage II through Stage IV pressure ulcers (PrUs)* of hospitalized patients. DESIGN: This study was designed as a prospective, controlled trial in which patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: A total of 27 patients (22 male, 5 female) hospitalized for neurologic rehabilitation in the Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation with Stage II through Stage IV PrUs were included in this study...
December 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139310/pudendal-nerve-injury-impairs-anorectal-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life-measures-%C3%A2-2-years-after-3d-conformal-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#18
Eng Eric Yeoh, Rochelle Botten, Addolorata Di Matteo, Marcus Tippett, Jonathon Hutton, Robert Fraser, Phillip G Dinning, David Wattchow
PURPOSE: To compare GI symptoms, measures of generic and disease specific health related quality of life (HRQoL), anorectal and pudendal nerve function and anal sphincter morphology between (i) patients ≥2 years after 3D conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT)±high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy for carcinoma of the prostate and aged matched patients before radiotherapy and (ii) symptomatic and asymptomatic patients ≥2 years after 3D-CRT ± HDR brachytherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Methodology included: (i) modified LENT-SOMA scales for GI symptoms, (ii) EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-PR25 questionnaires for generic and disease specific HRQoL, (iii) anorectal manometry and terminal motor latency for anorectal and pudendal nerve function and (iv) endorectal ultrasound for anal sphincter morphology...
November 15, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139055/downstream-breast-imaging-following-screening-mammography-in-medicare-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-population-based-study
#19
Gelareh Sadigh, Richard Duszak, Kevin C Ward, Renjian Jiang, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Kimberly E Applegate, Ruth C Carlos
BACKGROUND: Screening tests are generally not recommended in patients with advanced cancer and limited life expectancy. Nonetheless, screening mammography still occurs and may lead to follow-up testing. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the frequency of downstream breast imaging following screening mammography in patients with advanced colorectal or lung cancer. DESIGN: Population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: The study included continuously enrolled female fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years of age with advanced colorectal (stage IV) or lung (stage IIIB-IV) cancer reported to a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry between 2000 and 2011...
November 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137748/a-novel-synthesis-of-a-new-thorium-iv-metal-organic-framework-nanostructure-with-well-controllable-procedure-through-ultrasound-assisted-reverse-micelle-method
#20
Ghasem Sargazi, Daryoush Afzali, Ali Mostafavi
Reverse micelle (RM) and ultrasound assisted reverse micelle (UARM) were applied to the synthesis of novel thorium nanostructures as metal organic frameworks (MOFs). Characterization with different techniques showed that the Th-MOF sample synthesized by UARM method had higher thermal stability (354°C), smaller mean particle size (27nm), and larger surface area (2.02×10(3)m(2)/g). Besides, in this novel approach, the nucleation of crystals was found to carry out in a shorter time. The synthesis parameters of UARM method were designed by 2(k-1) factorial and the process control was systematically studied using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and response surface methodology (RSM)...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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