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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816281/-application-of-flurbiprofen-axetil-in-pain-management-associated-during-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#1
K Lan, W B Yang, X W Zhang, W J Bai, Q Li, T Xu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of perioperative intravenous administration of flurbiprofen axetil (FA) on pain associated with transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. METHODS: This was a randomized,controlled study. Eighty-one patients who underwent 12 core prostate biopsy were included in the study. The patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups (n=27 in each) by type of procedure during prostate biopsy. Group intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA) received intrarectal 5% (0...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804514/is-eus-guided-drainage-a-suitable-alternative-technique-in-case-of-proximal-biliary-obstruction
#2
Frédérick Moryoussef, Adrien Sportes, Sarah Leblanc, Jean Baptiste Bachet, Stanislas Chaussade, Frédéric Prat
BACKGROUND: Results of endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUBD) are unknown in case of proximal stricture. The aim is to assess clinical outcomes of EUBD in patients with malignant hilar obstruction. METHODS: Patients undergoing EUBD with hilar strictures were prospectively included. Primary outcome was clinical success at 7 and 30 days (defined by 50% bilirubin decrease). Secondary outcomes were technical success, procedure-related complications, length of hospital stay, reintervention rate, survival and chemotherapy administration...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802640/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-influence-of-liver-fibrosis-stages-on-characteristics-of-very-low-density-lipoproteins
#3
Diego Lucero, Verónica Miksztowicz, Gisela Gualano, Cristina Longo, Graciela Landeira, Estela Álvarez, Valeria Zago, Fernando Brites, Gabriela Berg, Eduardo Fassio, Laura Schreier
BACKGROUND: We evaluated possible changes in VLDLcharacteristics, and metabolic related factors, in MetS-associated NAFLD and accompanying liver fibrosis. METHODS: We studied 36 MetS patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (MetS+NAFLD) and 24 MetS without ultrasound NAFLD evidence. Further, MetS+NAFLD was sub-divided according to fibrosis stage into, non-to-moderate (F0-F2, n=27) and severe (F3-F4, n=9) fibrosis. We measured: lipid profile, VLDL composition and size (size exclusion-HPLC), CETP and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activities and adiponectin...
August 9, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797943/adsorption-study-of-selenium-ions-from-aqueous-solutions-using-mgo-nanosheets-synthesized-by-ultrasonic-method
#4
Wenwen Cui, Ping Li, Zheming Wang, Shili Zheng, Yi Zhang
MgO nanosheets with thickness ranges of 3-10 molecule layers and high specific area (166.44m(2)g(-1)) were successfully fabricated by an ultrasound-assisted exfoliation method and used as adsorbent for the removal of both selenite (Se(IV)) and selenate (Se(VI)) from aqueous solutions. The resulting MgO nanosheets displayed high maximum adsorption capacities of 103.52 and 10.28mgg(-1) for Se(IV) and Se(VI), respectively. ATR-FTIR and XPS spectroscopic results suggested that both Se(IV) and Se(VI) formed inner-sphere surface complexes on MgO nanosheets under the present experimental conditions...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780703/radiolucent-rings-around-bioabsorbable-anchors-after-rotator-cuff-repair-are-not-associated-with-clinical-outcomes
#5
Jin-Young Park, Suk-Hwan Jang, Kyung-Soo Oh, Yi Jin Li
PURPOSE: Various researchers have observed small areas of osteolysis after using bioabsorbable anchors in shoulder surgeries. The purpose of this study is to determine whether radiographic perianchor radiolucent rings after rotator cuff repair are associated with the failure of repair and also assess their clinical implications. Further, the most frequent location of the radiolucent rings in the double-row suture bridge configuration was also assessed. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-nine consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair by suture bridge technique were retrospectively evaluated radiographically and clinically...
August 5, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769822/template-based-quality-assessment-of-the-doppler-ultrasound-signal-for-fetal-monitoring
#6
Camilo E Valderrama, Faezeh Marzbanrad, Lisa Stroux, Gari D Clifford
One dimensional Doppler Ultrasound (DUS) is a low cost method for fetal auscultation. However, accuracy of any metrics derived from the DUS signals depends on their quality, which relies heavily on operator skills. In low resource settings, where skill levels are sparse, it is important for the device to provide real time signal quality feedback to allow the re-recording of data. Retrospectively, signal quality assessment can help remove low quality recordings when processing large amounts of data. To this end, we proposed a novel template-based method, to assess DUS signal quality...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761147/cytologically-indeterminate-thyroid-nodules-increased-diagnostic-performance-with-combination-of-us-ti-rads-and-a-new-scoring-system
#7
Ya-Ping He, Hui-Xiong Xu, Chong-Ke Zhao, Li-Ping Sun, Xiao-Long Li, Wen-Wen Yue, Le-Hang Guo, Dan Wang, Wei-Wei Ren, Qiao Wang, Shen Qu
To investigate the diagnostic performance of combination of ultrasound (US) thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) and a new US scoring system for diagnosing thyroid nodules (TNs) with indeterminate results (Bethesda categories III, IV and V) on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology. 453 patients with 453 cytologically indeterminate TNs were included in this study. Multivariate analyses were performed to construct the scoring system. The diagnostic performances of TI-RADS and the combined method were evaluated and compared...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755790/correlation-between-disease-activity-and-endorectal-ultrasound-findings-of-chronic-radiation-proctitis
#8
Fei Cao, Teng-Hui Ma, Guang-Jian Liu, Yan-Lin Wen, Huai-Ming Wang, Ying-Yi Kuang, Si Qin, Xiao-Yin Liu, Bin-Jie Huang, Lei Wang
The aim of this study was to summarize the imaging features of chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) on endorectal ultrasound (ERUS) and investigate the value of ERUS in the evaluation of disease activity. 40 CRP patients and 30 control patients were investigated by ERUS. Rectal wall thickness and layers, ulcers and rectovaginal fistulas were evaluated by B-mode ultrasound. Power Doppler imaging was used to evaluate the vascularity of the rectal wall using a semiquantitative score. Disease activity was calculated according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 4...
July 26, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755789/minimally-complex-renal-cysts-outcomes-and-ultrasound-evaluation-compared-with-contrast-enhanced-cross-sectional-imaging-bosniak-classification
#9
Marilia Henrique Destefani, Jorge Elias, Annelise Manzano Serra Negra Trazzi, Plinio Prizon Kajiwara, Aila Ferreira de Menezes, Rodolfo Borges Dos Reis, Valdair Francisco Muglia
We correlated contrast-enhanced cross-sectional imaging and outcomes to assess the reproducibility of ultrasonographic criteria for renal minimally complex (MC) cysts. From 2003 to 2015, 143 cysts were described as complex or MC by ultrasound (US). After exclusions, 98 US studies were retrospectively evaluated and compared with computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). At sonography, 51 were MC cysts and 47 were complexes according to two independent observers. Inter-observer agreement for US was 0...
October 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750591/five-dimensional-long-bones-biometry-for-estimation-of-femur-length-and-fetal-weight-at-term-compared-to-two-dimensional-ultrasound-a-pilot-study
#10
Mohamed Laban, Ahmed A Alanwar, Mohamed K Etman, Mohammed S Elsokkary, Ahmed M Elkotb, Ahmad S Hasanien, Ali E KhalafAllah, Nancy M Noah
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate accuracy of five-dimensional long bones (5D LB) compared to two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) biometry to predict fetal weight among normal term women. METHODS: Fifty six normal term women were recruited at Ain Shams Maternity Hospital, Egypt from 14 May to 30 November 2015. Fetal weight was estimated by Hadlock's IV formula using 2DUS and 5D LB. Estimated fetal weights (EFW) by 2DUS and 5D LB were compared with actual birth weights (ABW)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747452/mri-guided-focused-ultrasound-thalamotomy-in-non-et-tremor-syndromes
#11
Alfonso Fasano, Maheleth Llinas, Renato P Munhoz, Eugen Hlasny, Walter Kucharczyk, Andres M Lozano
OBJECTIVE: To report the 6-month single-blinded results of unilateral thalamotomy with MRI-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) in patients with tremors other than essential tremor. METHODS: Three patients with tremor due to Parkinson disease, 2 with dystonic tremor in the context of cervicobrachial dystonia and writer's cramp, and 1 with dystonia gene-associated tremor underwent MRgFUS targeting the ventro-intermedius nucleus (Vim) of the dominant hemisphere. The primary endpoint was the reduction of lateralized items of the Tremor Rating Scale of contralateral hemibody assessed by a blinded rater...
July 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745790/the-diagnostic-value-of-three-detection-techniques-of-ultrasound-in-the-active-stage-of-crohn-s-disease
#12
H-X Zhu, J Zhao, L-P Chen, S-J Pang
OBJECTIVE: The widespread availability of Ultrasound machines and their relatively low cost and functionality make them an attractive tool to use during the treatment of ongoing Crohn's Disease (CD). This study aims at exploring the value of conventional, power Doppler and contrast-enhanced ultrasound during the active stages of CD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 24 patients in the active stages of Crohn's disease were enrolled in the study. The full, medial and lateral intestinal wall thicknesses and the thickness ratio of medial to lateral intestinal wall of the segmental lesions were measured by conventional ultrasound...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737530/ultrasound-characteristics-of-clinically-dislocated-but-reducible-hips-with-ddh
#13
Brendan Striano, Emily K Schaeffer, Travis H Matheney, Vidayadhar V Upasani, Charles T Price, Kishore Mulpuri, Wudbhav N Sankar
BACKGROUND: Although ultrasound (US) is frequently used in diagnosis and management of infantile developmental dysplasia of the hip, precise ultrasonographic parameters of what constitutes a dislocation, subluxation etc remain poorly defined. The purpose of this study was (1) to describe the ultrasonographic characteristics of a large cohort of clinically dislocated but reducible hips and (2) to begin to develop ultrasonographic definitions for what constitutes a hip dislocation. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data from an international multicenter study group on developmental dysplasia of the hip was conducted on all patients under 6 months of age with hip(s) that were dislocated at rest but reducible based on initial physical examination (ie, Ortolani positive)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730376/lower-urinary-tract-obstruction-fetal-intervention-based-on-prenatal-staging
#14
Rodrigo Ruano, Timothy Dunn, Michael C Braun, Joseph R Angelo, Adnan Safdar
The authors present an overview of lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) in the fetus with a particular focus on the insult to the developing renal system. Diagnostic criteria along with the challenges in estimating long-term prognosis are reviewed. A proposed prenatal LUTO disease severity classification to guide management decisions with fetal intervention to maintain or salvage in utero and neonatal pulmonary and renal function is also discussed. Stage I LUTO (mild form) is characterized by normal amniotic fluid index after 18 weeks, normal kidney echogenicity, no renal cortical cysts, no evidence of renal dysplasia, and favorable urinary biochemistries when sampled between 18 and 30 weeks; prenatal surveillance is recommended...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727383/outcomes-of-miniaturized-percutaneous-nephrolitotomy-in-infants-single-centre-experience
#15
Eyyup Sabri Pelit, Bülent Kati, Cengiz Çanakci, Süleyman Sağir, Halil Çiftçi
OBJECTIVES: The present study was aim to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Mini-PNL to treat kidney stones in patients aged <3 years. This is the one of the largest series in the literature in this age group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From May 2012 to April 2016, the medical records of 74 infant patients who underwent mini-PNL for renal stones were reviewed retrospectively. All infants were evaluated with the plain abdominal radiograph, urinary ultrasound, noncontrast computerized tomography and/or intravenous urogram...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727094/effects-of-adding-minimally-refined-cottonseed-oil-or-crude-glycerol-to-diets-containing-40-corn-distiller-s-dried-grains-with-solubles-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-pork-fat-firmness-of-growing-finishing-pigs
#16
C C E J Villela, R B Cox, G C Shurson, K M Compart, P E Urriola, L J Johnston
Diets containing more than 20% distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) reduce fat firmness in pork, but supplementation of cottonseed oil or crude glycerol may improve fat firmness. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of feeding minimally refined cottonseed oil or crude glycerol on growth performance, carcass composition, and fat quality of growing-finishing pigs. Mixed sex pigs ( = 216; 24 ± 4 kg initial BW) were blocked by BW and allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments: 1) a basal corn-soybean meal diet with 40% DDGS (CON), 2) CON diet plus 5% minimally refined cottonseed oil added throughout the experiment (COT), or 3) CON fed during the first 8 wk and CON + 8% crude glycerol fed during the last 6 wk of the experiment (GLY)...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719559/relationship-between-age-and-rotator-cuff-retear-a-study-of-1-600-consecutive-rotator-cuff-repairs
#17
Georgia Diebold, Patrick Lam, Judie Walton, George A C Murrell
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of rotator cuff tears increases with age, and many patients undergo surgical repair. Retears are not uncommon, with rates ranging between 9% and 36% in recent studies, and are a major concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between patient age and the chance of healing following rotator cuff repair. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who had undergone arthroscopic rotator cuff repair performed by a single surgeon...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717615/outcomes-of-prolotherapy-for-intra-tendinous-achilles-tears-a-case-series
#18
Otto Chan, Ben Havard, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Nicola Maffulli, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Jeremy David Perry, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: The intra-tendinous tear is a new pathology that is defined as a discontinuity of fibres situated entirely within the tendon. Prolotherapy involves injecting an irritant, such as hyperosmolar dextrose, to stimulate a tissue healing response and ultimately reduce pain. METHODS: 43 consecutive patients diagnosed with an intra-tendinous tear were included (27 males: 16 females, mean (SD) age 41 (11.3). Patients were injected with 0.4ml-1.5ml (mean 0.8ml) of 50% dextrose and 0...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715801/fetal-urine-production-rate-in-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-is-associated-with-adverse-neonatal-outcome-a-pilot-study
#19
Tehila Avitan, Lior Drukker, Hadass Pri-Chen, Ron Rabinowitz, Nurit Algur, Michael S Schimmel, Letizia Schreiber, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Arnon Samueloff, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky
AIM: In this study, we evaluate the associations between fetal urinary production rate (FUPR), measured by ultrasound, and adverse neonatal outcome in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: We conducted a prospective pilot cohort of singleton pregnancies complicated by PPROM occurring at gestational week 24 or later managed until spontaneous labor (after 48 h of admission), chorioamnionitis, or induction by protocol at 35 + 0 weeks. FUPR was evaluated by 2D sonography at admission (corrected for gestational age)...
July 18, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713555/case-report-using-ultrasound-to-prevent-a-broken-catheter-from-migrating-to-the-heart
#20
Pieter J Schraverus, Suzanne van Rijswijk, Pieter Roel Tuinman
Peripheral intravenous (IV) catheters can break off while still in the patient, with possible detrimental effects such as upstream migration to the heart. These catheters have probably been damaged by the needle during a difficult insertion. A peripheral IV catheter was removed in a 90 year old patient and only half of the catheter was retrieved. By using ultrasound examination the remaining part of the IV catheter was identified, and retrieved surgically, before it could migrate towards the heart. This case report suggests that ultrasound should not only be used for difficult placement of a peripheral IV catheter, but can also be used when removal is complicated...
2017: F1000Research
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