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Venous access ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200069/visualization-improves-supraclavicular-access-to-the-subclavian-vein-in-a-mixed-reality-simulator
#1
Joshua Warren Sappenfield, William Brit Smith, Lou Ann Cooper, David Lizdas, Drew B Gonsalves, Nikolaus Gravenstein, Samsun Lampotang, Albert R Robinson
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether visual augmentation (3D, real-time, color visualization) of a procedural simulator improved performance during training in the supraclavicular approach to the subclavian vein, not as widely known or used as its infraclavicular counterpart. METHODS: To train anesthesiology residents to access a central vein, a mixed reality simulator with emulated ultrasound imaging was created using an anatomically authentic, 3D-printed, physical mannequin based on a computed tomographic scan of an actual human...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187341/single-access-liver-floss-technique-with-antegrade-hepatic-vein-access-and-recanalization-in-budd-chiari-syndrome
#2
John J Weaver, Ethan M Dobrow, Evelyn K Hsu, Eric J Monroe
A 14-year-old boy presented with several months of increasing abdominal girth and fatigue. Imaging confirmed massive ascites and hepatic congestion secondary to central hepatic venous obstruction. Several large intrahepatic collateral veins were seen draining via caudate and emissary veins. After an unsuccessful attempt at retrograde recanalization utilizing intravascular ultrasound, the right hepatic vein was recanalized in an antegrade fashion by way of a prominent caudate collateral vein, and subsequently stented...
November 30, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176933/a-clinical-pathway-for-the-management-of-difficult-venous-access
#3
Vanno Sou, Craig McManus, Nicholas Mifflin, Steven A Frost, Julie Ale, Evan Alexandrou
Background: Many patients are admitted to hospital with non-visible or palpable veins, often resulting in multiple painful attempts at cannulation, anxiety and catheter failure. We developed a difficult intravenous pathway at our institution to reduce the burden of difficult access for patients by increasing first attempt success with ultrasound guidance. The emphasis was to provide a solution for hospitalised patients after business hours by training the after-hours clinical support team in ultrasound guided cannulation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174178/radiation-burden-of-pediatric-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-central-venous-access-devices-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Mohit Bajaj, Jon Wells, Anuja Liyanage, Stephen Evans, James Hamill
Permanent central venous access is essential for the management of many pediatric patients. Knowing the amount of ionizing radiation used during the insertion of these devices is important. Our aim was to identify the radiation used in percutaneous insertion of central venous access devices, and to correlate radiation exposure to patient weight. METHODS: Data was prospectively collected during a 12-month period from August 2015 to August 2016 on all ultrasound-guided percutaneous central venous access device insertions...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167220/iatrogenic-injury-of-vertebral-artery-resulting-in-stroke-after-central-venous-line-insertion
#5
Vindya Abeysinghe, Jie Hua Xu, Kishore Sieunarine
There are many complications of central venous catheter insertion. Iatrogenic injury of the vertebral artery is a rare complication that can result in severe morbidity and mortality. The case presented describes the complication of an acute ischaemic stroke after cannulation of the vertebral artery. There are various techniques when obtaining central access, however the best practice as described by the evidence based guidelines produced by the American Society of Anesthesiologists utilises real-time ultrasound guidance to minimise adverse events...
November 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153532/the-blind-pushing-technique-for-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-placement-through-brachial-vein-puncture
#6
Jae Myeong Lee, Young Kwon Cho, Han Myun Kim, Myung Gyu Song, Soon-Young Song, Jae Woo Yeon, Dae Young Yoon, Sam Yeol Lee
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to conduct a prospective clinical trial evaluating the technical feasibility and short-term clinical outcome of the blind pushing technique for placement of pretrimmed peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) through brachial vein access. METHODS: Patients requiring PICC placement at any of the three participating institutions were prospectively enrolled between January and December 2016. The review boards of all participating institutions approved this study, and informed consent was obtained from all patients...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148009/preoperative-ultrasound-for-runoff-venous-decompression-of-peripheral-nerves-for-arteriovenous-access-related-pain-in-the-upper-limb
#7
Hiroaki Matsuda, Yoshinari Oka, Ryuichi Yoshida, Yuki Katsura, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yasuo Fujimoto, Shigeko Takatsu, Masashi Miyazaki
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous access (AVA)-related pain treated successfully with runoff-venous decompression of the causative nerve, following ultrasound (US)-assisted preoperative evaluation, has never been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man suffering from constant exhausting pains along the outflow cephalic vein of the radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula at the wrist and the antecubital fossa, was treated surgically after the diagnosis of AVA-related pain derived from cephalic vein compression on two peripheral cutaneous nerves, the superficial radial nerve (SRN) and the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve (LACN)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148000/the-feasibility-and-safety-of-piccs-accessed-via-the-superficial-femoral-vein-in-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#8
Yonghui Wan, Yuxin Chu, Yanru Qiu, Qian Chen, Wei Zhou, Qibin Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of the peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) accessed via the superficial femoral vein in patients with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). METHODS: From October 2010 to December 2014, 221 cancer patients with SVCS in our center received real-time ultrasound-guidance of the superficial femoral vein inserted central catheters (FICCs) at the mid-thigh. PICC insertion via upper extremity veins had also been investigated in 2604 cancer patients without SVCS as control...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143222/quantitative-analysis-of-the-level-of-readability-of-online-emergency-radiology-based-patient-education-resources
#9
David R Hansberry, Michael D'Angelo, Michael D White, Arpan V Prabhu, Mougnyan Cox, Nitin Agarwal, Sandeep Deshmukh
PURPOSE: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. METHODS: Using Google, 23 terms were searched, and the top 10 results were recorded. Each link was evaluated for its readability level using a set of ten reputable readability scales...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118844/ultrasound-probe-grip-the-afternoon-tea-technique
#10
Luke McMenamin, Stephen Wolstenhulme, Max Hunt, Stuart Nuttall, Asoka Weerasinghe
Background: Globally, ultrasound is being used to assist in central venous and difficult peripheral intravenous access in a variety of emergency and non-emergency clinical settings. Context: After reading Flood's paper on safe central venous access and noting the difficulties clinicians find in probe stabilisation whilst performing dynamic intravenous access, we decided to share our teaching technique. Innovation: The purpose of this correspondence is to highlight the 'afternoon tea technique' as a potential teaching method for probe stabilisation...
August 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075528/ultrasound-diagnostics-of-a-spontaneous-arteriovenous-fistula-of-the-head-and-neck
#11
Maria Vadimovna Zakharkina, Andrey Olegovich Chechetkin, Marina Victorovna Krotenkova, Rodion Nikolaevich Konovalov
An arteriovenous fistula is an abnormal connection between the arterial and venous systems. In the literature, there are well-described ultrasound findings of iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula as a potential complication from percutaneous transarterial or transvenous procedures. The most important sign is direct visualization of the fistula in the place of the access site. It is necessary to look for secondary signs of arterialization of the veins, which can suggest a diagnosis of an arteriovenous fistula. However, the accuracy and diagnostic quality of duplex scanning in the diagnostics of a congenital or spontaneous arteriovenous fistula of the head and neck area in adults have been poorly described in the literature...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051889/supraclavicular-approach-to-ultrasound-guided-brachiocephalic-vein-cannulation-in-children-and-neonates
#12
REVIEW
Zied Merchaoui, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Florence Pierre, Maher Ben Laiba, Nolwenn Le Saché, Pierre Tissieres
The correct choice of intra vascular access in critically ill neonates should be individualized depending on the type and duration of therapy, gestational and chronological age, weight and/or size, diagnosis, clinical status, and venous system patency. Accordingly, there is an ongoing demand for optimization of catheterization. Recently, the use of ultrasound (US)-guided cannulation of the subclavian vein (SCV) has been described in children and neonates. This article gives an overview of the current use of US for achieving central venous catheter placement in the SCV or the brachiocephalic vein (BCV) in neonates...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046768/smartphones-and-e-tablets-in-perioperative-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Frederic Michard
Smartphones and electronic tablets (e-tablets) have become ubiquitous devices. Their ease of use, smartness, accessibility, mobility and connectivity create unique opportunities to improve quality of surgical care from prehabilitation to rehabilitation. Before surgery, digital applications (Apps), serious games and text messaging may help for a better control of risk factors (hypertension, overweight), for smoking cessation, and for optimizing adherence to preoperative recommendations (e.g., regarding anticoagulation or antihypertensive treatments)...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026586/dilemma-during-ultrasound-guided-internal-jugular-venous-catheterization
#14
Sanjay Dwarakanath, Monica Cheriyan, Annette Rebel
The presence of Internal Jugular Valves can pose a diagnostic and procedural challenge during ultrasound-guided cannulation. After ruling out dissection, thrombus, or ultrasound artifacts, it can still be accessed and successfully cannulated with appropriate precautions including use of Live ultrasound, positioning, use of soft-tipped catheters, and minimizing duration of catheter placement.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987428/vascular-access-complications-an-emergency-medicine-approach
#15
REVIEW
Erica Marie Simon, Shane Matthew Summers
Millions of central venous and arterial catheters are placed across the United States annually as mechanisms of obtaining advanced hemodynamic monitoring and facilitating acute resuscitation. Although presumably life saving or sustaining in many circumstances, current literature identifies the preprocedural and postprocedural complications of infection, thrombosis, embolism, and iatrogenic injury as resulting in patient morbidity and mortality. Today, through the application of aseptic technique, performance of operator training, and the utilization of ultrasound, emergency physicians may limit vascular access complications and improve patient outcomes...
November 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984729/simulation-based-education-enhances-patient-safety-behaviors-during-central-venous-catheter-placement
#16
Tonya Jagneaux, Terrell S Caffery, Mandi Wilkes Musso, Ann C Long, Lauren Zatarain, Erik Stopa, Nathan Freeman, Cara Cantelli Quin, Glenn N Jones
OBJECTIVE: We describe the effect of simulation-based education on residents' adherence to protocols for and performance of central venous access. METHODS: Internal medicine and emergency medicine residents underwent a central venous access course that included a lecture, video presentation, readings, and simulation demonstrations presented by faculty. Baseline data were collected before the course was initiated. After a skills session where they rehearsed their ultrasound-guided central venous access skills, residents were evaluated using a procedural checklist and written knowledge exam...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983903/dynamic-ultrasound-guided-short-axis-needle-tip-navigation-technique-vs-landmark-technique-for-difficult-saphenous-vein-access-in-children-a-randomised-study
#17
S Hanada, M T Van Winkle, S Subramani, K Ueda
Dynamic ultrasound-guided short-axis needle tip navigation is a novel technique for vascular access. After venipuncture, the needle and catheter are further advanced within the vessel lumen under real-time ultrasound guidance with constant visualisation of the needle tip in the short-axis view. This can minimise the risk of transfixing the cannulated vessel. We compared two techniques for non-visible saphenous vein cannulation under general anaesthesia in children weighing ≥ 3 kg and less than four years of age: dynamic ultrasound-guided short-axis needle tip navigation technique (ultrasound group) vs...
October 6, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912005/proximal-radial-artery-arteriovenous-fistula-for-hemodialysis-vascular-access
#18
William C Jennings, Alexandros Mallios, Nasir Mushtaq
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed our experience with proximal radial artery-based arteriovenous fistulas (PRA-AVFs) for hemodialysis vascular access, evaluating characteristics of the patients, functional patency, risk of steal syndrome, survival of the patient, and technical considerations. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed our database of consecutive patients, identifying those individuals with a PRA-AVF created during a 12-year period. In addition to physical examination, all patients underwent ultrasound vessel mapping by the operating surgeon, identifying the PRA-AVF configuration and outflow target most likely to succeed...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893152/a-new-percutaneous-technique-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate-adhesive-for-the-treatment-of-giant-saphenous-vein-insufficiency
#19
Mehmet Senel Bademci, Kaptanıderya Tayfur, Gökhan Ocakoglu, Serkan Yazman, Muhammet Akyüz, Haydar Yasa
Background We have made a retrospective evaluation of the results of the cyanoacrylate ablation technique which has recently started to be used in the treatment of giant saphenous vein insufficiency today and in which tumescent anesthesia is not required. Methods Giant saphenous vein was treated in 50 patients between September 2015 and September 2016 by using endovenous cyanoacrylate ablation. In the procedure, tumescent anesthesia and varsity socks were not used. Control duplex ultrasound evaluation was performed in the post-procedural 1st, 6th and 12th months...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844205/ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-placement-a-structured-review-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice
#20
REVIEW
Bernd Saugel, Thomas W L Scheeren, Jean-Louis Teboul
The use of ultrasound (US) has been proposed to reduce the number of complications and to increase the safety and quality of central venous catheter (CVC) placement. In this review, we describe the rationale for the use of US during CVC placement, the basic principles of this technique, and the current evidence and existing guidelines for its use. In addition, we recommend a structured approach for US-guided central venous access for clinical practice. Static and real-time US can be used to visualize the anatomy and patency of the target vein in a short-axis and a long-axis view...
August 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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