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Heart failure sodium diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903829/long-term-adherence-to-low-sodium-diet-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#1
Misook L Chung, Linda Park, Susan K Frazier, Terry A Lennie
Although following a low-sodium diet (LSD) for heart failure (HF) has been recommended for decades, little is known about factors related to long-term patient adherence. The purposes of this study were to (a) compare sodium intake and factors affecting adherence in a long-term adherent group and in a non-adherent group and (b) examine predictors of membership in the long-term adherent group. Patients with HF (N = 74) collected 24-hr urine samples and completed the Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9...
November 30, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756851/does-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-predict-dietary-sodium-intake-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#2
Jia-Rong Wu, Terry A Lennie, Sandra B Dunbar, Susan J Pressler, Debra K Moser
Sodium intake in heart failure (HF) is a crucial but poorly understood phenomenon. Theoretical models promote understanding and provide a context for rational appraisal of complex situations. The purpose of this study was to determine which factors were associated with sodium intake in HF patients using theory of planned behavior (TPB). In this study, patients' (N = 244) attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (tenets of the TPB) were assessed using the Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire...
October 18, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753866/poa-01-2-direct-vs-indirect-link-between-sodium-intake-and-vascular-disease
#3
Yuhei Kawano
The relationship between salt and hypertension is well established, and salt restriction is widely recommended in the management of hypertension. However, people living in northeast Asia have consumed large amount of salt, and the prevalence of hypertension and the incidence of stroke have been high in that area. Mechanisms of salt-induced hypertension may be complex, but volume expansion in the presence of impaired natriuretic capacity of the kidney and action on the central nervous system and neurohormoral pathways seem to be important...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677064/educating-home-healthcare-nurses-about-heart-failure-self-care
#4
Joyce Ekong, Patti Radovich, Gina Brown
The ability of home healthcare nurses to effectively educate patients with heart failure (HF) on appropriate self-care is key to lowering the hospital readmission rates and other adverse outcomes. Evidence indicates, however, that nurses often lack current knowledge about HF self-care. Furthermore, patient education often fails to produce health literacy. Thus, this educational intervention for home healthcare nurses included content about key aspects of managing HF (e.g., diet, medications), as well as how to use the teach-back method during patient education...
October 2016: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643103/poa-01-2-direct-vs-indirect-link-between-sodium-intake-and-vascular-disease
#5
Yuhei Kawano
The relationship between salt and hypertension is well established, and salt restriction is widely recommended in the management of hypertension. However, people living in northeast Asia have consumed large amount of salt, and the prevalence of hypertension and the incidence of stroke have been high in that area. Mechanisms of salt-induced hypertension may be complex, but volume expansion in the presence of impaired natriuretic capacity of the kidney and action on the central nervous system and neurohormoral pathways seem to be important...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608624/effects-of-a-home-based-activation-intervention-on-self-management-adherence-and-readmission-in-rural-heart-failure-patients-the-patch-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Lufei Young, Melody Hertzog, Susan Barnason
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) patients discharged from rural hospitals have higher 30-day readmission rates. Self-management (SM) reduces readmissions, but adherence to SM guidelines is low in the rural HF population. We tested a home-based intervention to enhance patient activation and lead to improved SM adherence. METHODS: In this two-group, repeated measures randomized control trial, the main outcomes were patient reported and clinical outcomes associated with SM adherence, and all-cause readmission at 30, 90 and 180 days...
September 8, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541294/sglt2-inhibitors-benefit-risk-balance
#7
REVIEW
André J Scheen
Inhibitors of sodium-glucose cotransporters type 2 (SGLT2) reduce hyperglycemia by increasing urinary glucose excretion. They have been evaluated in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with diet/exercise, metformin, dual oral therapy or insulin. Three agents are available in Europe and the USA (canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin) and others are commercialized in Japan or in clinical development. SGLT2 inhibitors reduce glycated hemoglobin, with a minimal risk of hypoglycemia. They exert favorable effects beyond glucose control with consistent body weight, blood pressure, and serum uric acid reductions...
October 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532343/cultural-factors-influencing-dietary-and-fluid-restriction-behaviour-perceptions-of-older-chinese-patients-with-heart-failure
#8
Xiaoshan Rong, Youqing Peng, Hai-Ping Yu, Dan Li
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the cultural factors related to dietary and fluid restriction behaviours among older Chinese patients. BACKGROUND: Excess dietary sodium and fluid intake are risk factors contributing to the worsening and rehospitalisation for heart failure in older patients. Managing the complex fluid and diet requirements of heart failure patients is challenging and is made more complicated by cultural variations in self-management behaviours in response to a health threat...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117099/the-role-of-endogenous-cardiotonic-steroids-in-pathogenesis-of-cardiovascular-and-renal-complications-of-arterial-hypertension
#9
REVIEW
Aneta Paczula, Andrzej Więcek, Grzegorz Piecha
Endogenous cardiotonic steroids (CTS), also called digitalis-like factors, are a group of steroid hormones linking high salt intake and elevated blood pressure and in part responsible for target organ damage in arterial hypertension. CTS act primarily through their ability to inhibit the ubiquitous transport enzyme sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na⁺/K⁺-ATPase). A portion of Na⁺/K⁺-ATPase does not seem to actively "pump" sodium and potassium but is closely associated with other key signaling proteins...
March 18, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26813102/sirt3-amp-activated-protein-kinase-activation-by-nitrite-and-metformin-improves-hyperglycemia-and-normalizes-pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#10
Yen-Chun Lai, Diana M Tabima, John J Dube, Kara S Hughan, Rebecca R Vanderpool, Dmitry A Goncharov, Claudette M St Croix, Adolfo Garcia-Ocaña, Elena A Goncharova, Stevan P Tofovic, Ana L Mora, Mark T Gladwin
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (PH-HFpEF) is an increasingly recognized clinical complication of metabolic syndrome. No adequate animal model of PH-HFpEF is available, and no effective therapies have been identified to date. A recent study suggested that dietary nitrate improves insulin resistance in endothelial nitric oxide synthase null mice, and multiple studies have reported that both nitrate and its active metabolite, nitrite, have therapeutic activity in preclinical models of pulmonary hypertension...
February 23, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638056/the-metabolic-exercise-test-data-combined-with-cardiac-and-kidney-indexes-mecki-score-and-prognosis-in-heart-failure-a-validation-study
#11
Ugo Corrà, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Andrea Giordano, Gaia Cattadori, Elisa Battaia, Rocco La Gioia, Angela B Scardovi, Michele Emdin, Marco Metra, Gianfranco Sinagra, Giuseppe Limongelli, Rosa Raimondo, Federica Re, Marco Guazzi, Romualdo Belardinelli, Gianfranco Parati, Damiano Magrì, Cesare Fiorentini, Mariantonietta Cicoira, Elisabetta Salvioni, Marta Giovannardi, Fabrizio Veglia, Alessandro Mezzani, Domenico Scrutinio, Andrea Di Lenarda, Roberto Ricci, Anna Apostolo, Anna Maria Iorio, Stefania Paolillo, Pietro Palermo, Mauro Contini, Corrado Vassanelli, Claudio Passino, Pantaleo Giannuzzi, Massimo F Piepoli, Laura Antonioli, Chiara Segurini, Erica Bertella, Stefania Farina, Francesca Bovis, Francesca Pietrucci, Gabriella Malfatto, Teo Roselli, Andrea Buono, Raffaele Calabrò, Renata De Maria, Daniela Santoro, Saba Campanale, Domenica Caputo, Donatella Bertipaglia, Emanuela Berton
BACKGROUND: The Metabolic Exercise test data combined with Cardiac and Kidney Indexes (MECKI) score is a prognostic model to identify heart failure (HF) patients at risk for cardiovascular mortality (CVM) and urgent heart transplantation (uHT) based on 6 routine clinical parameters: hemoglobin, sodium, kidney function by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation, left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), percentage of predicted peak oxygen consumption (VO2) and VE/VCO2 slope...
January 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26621954/the-health-impacts-of-dietary-sodium-and-a-low-salt-diet
#12
Rebecca J Suckling, Pauline A Swift
High salt intake is now endemic worldwide. It contributes to the generation and maintenance of high blood pressure, which is now the biggest risk factor for global disease. There is now compelling evidence to support salt reduction in hypertensives and a substantial body of evidence to support salt reduction in the general population to reduce risk of death from cardiovascular disease. In specific diseases such as heart failure and chronic kidney disease, guidelines support the World Health Organization target for reduced salt intake at 5 g daily...
December 2015: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595701/salt-in-the-diet-in-patients-with-heart-failure-what-to-recommend
#13
Eloisa Colin-Ramirez, Justin A Ezekowitz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recognizing the relevance of sodium balance in heart failure, it has been presumed that patients with heart failure benefit from a low-sodium diet, though its efficacy and safety are unclear. The purpose of this review is to provide insight into the currently available evidence base for the effects of dietary sodium restriction in patients with chronic heart failure. RECENT FINDINGS: There has been an increasing body of evidence on the effects of sodium restriction in heart failure; however, both observational and experimental studies have shown mixed results...
March 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525961/nutritional-interventions-in-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Martha Abshire, Jiayun Xu, Diana Baptiste, Johana R Almansa, Jingzhi Xu, Abby Cummings, Martha J Andrews, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a major health care burden and there is a growing need to develop strategies to maintain health and sustain quality of life in persons with HF. The purpose of this review is to critically appraise the components of nutrition interventions and to establish an evidence base for future advances in HF nutrition research and practice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cinahl, Pubmed, and Embase were searched to identify articles published from 2005 to 2015...
December 2015: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26323340/empagliflozin-linagliptin-a-review-in-type-2-diabetes
#15
REVIEW
Esther S Kim, Emma D Deeks
Empagliflozin/linagliptin (Glyxambi(®)) is a once-daily sodium glucose co-transporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor and dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor fixed-dose combination product that is approved in the USA as an adjunct to diet and exercise in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) when treatment with both empagliflozin and linagliptin is appropriate. This article reviews the clinical efficacy and tolerability of oral empagliflozin/linagliptin in patients with T2D and summarizes the pharmacological properties of the agents...
September 2015: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26296246/self-reported-adherence-to-a-low-sodium-diet-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#16
Eun Kyeung Song, Debra K Moser, Seok-Min Kang, Terry A Lennie
BACKGROUND: Most clinicians rely on patients' self-report of following a low-sodium diet to determine adherence of patients with heart failure (HF). Whether self-reported adherence to a low-sodium diet is associated with cardiac event-free survival is unclear. PURPOSES: To determine (1) whether self-reported is concordant with adherence to a low-sodium diet measured by food diaries and 24-hour urinary sodium excretion and (2) whether self-reported adherence to a low-sodium diet predicts cardiac event-free survival...
August 20, 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26039971/inappropriate-pattern-of-nutrient-consumption-and-coexistent-cardiometabolic-disorders-in-elderly-people-from-poland
#17
Agnieszka R Guligowska, Małgorzata Pigłowska, Janusz Śmigielski, Tomasz Kostka
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional recommendations are aimed at, among others, reducing morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders, which are common in the aging population. Adherence to these recommendations allows not only to stop the progression of a disease but also to improve the overall health of elderly patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze differences in nutrition of elderly patients, with emphasis on the implementation of nutritional recommendations both for healthy people and for patients with cardiometabolic disorders...
2015: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26028242/sodium-intake-recommendations-a-subject-that-needs-to-be-reconsidered
#18
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Jose Lopez-Lopez, Cristina Lopez-Lopez
Hypertension affects 1 billion people worldwide and is considered the leading cause of death, stroke, myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure. Sodium intake is reported to be a modifiable determinant of hypertension and reductions in its consumption have been widely recommended. Various strategies have been proposed to address the observed epidemic of cardiovascular diseases, particularly in medium and low-income countries. Among these strategies, reducing dietary sodium intake and increasing dietary potassium intake are commonly included in guidelines for the treatment of hypertension and the prevention of cardiovascular disease...
2015: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25829641/impact-of-the-dash-diet-on-endothelial-function-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#19
Luay Rifai, Carol Pisano, Janel Hayden, Suela Sulo, Marc A Silver
Endothelial dysfunction has been recognized as a pathophysiologic mechanism in the progression of heart failure (HF). However, little attention has been given to the ability of dietary approaches to improve endothelial function. This study examined the effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on endothelial function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with chronic symptomatic (stage C) HF. Forty-eight patients were randomized to follow the DASH diet (n = 24) or the general HF dietary recommendations (n = 24)...
April 2015: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25823360/dietary-sodium-modulation-of-aldosterone-activation-and-renal-function-during-the-progression-of-experimental-heart-failure
#20
Wayne L Miller, Daniel D Borgeson, J Aaron Grantham, Andreas Luchner, Margaret M Redfield, John C Burnett
AIMS: Aldosterone activation is central to the sodium–fluid retention that marks the progression of heart failure (HF). The actions of dietary sodium restriction, a mainstay in HF management, on cardiorenal and neuroendocrine adaptations during the progression of HF are poorly understood. The study aim was to assess the role of dietary sodium during the progression of experimental HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experimental HF was produced in a canine model by rapid right ventricular pacing which evolves from early mild HF to overt, severe HF...
February 2015: European Journal of Heart Failure
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