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Quality of life measurement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550766/gender-differences-in-quality-of-life-and-functional-disability-for-depression-outpatients-with-or-without-residual-symptoms-after-acute-phase-treatment-in-china
#1
Na Zhao, Xiaohong Wang, Wenyuan Wu, Yongdong Hu, Yajuan Niu, Xueyi Wang, Chengge Gao, Ning Zhang, Yiru Fang, Jizhong Huang, Tiebang Liu, Fujun Jia, Xuequan Zhu, Jian Hu, Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with substantial personal suffering and reduced quality of life and functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate gender differences on quality of life and functional impairment of outpatients with depression after acute phase treatment. METHODS: 1503 depression outpatients were recruited from eleven hospitals in China. Subjects were evaluated with sociodemographic characteristics, history and self-report instruments, related to severity of symptoms, function and quality of life...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550765/social-and-academic-premorbid-adjustment-domains-predict-different-functional-outcomes-among-youth-with-first-episode-mania
#2
Aswin Ratheesh, Christopher G Davey, Rothanthi Daglas, Craig Macneil, Melissa Hasty, Kate Filia, Patrick D McGorry, Michael Berk, Philippe Conus, Sue Cotton
BACKGROUND: Premorbid characteristics may help predict the highly variable functional and illness outcomes of young people with early stage Bipolar Disorder (BD). We sought to examine the relationships between premorbid adjustment and short to medium-term outcomes after a first treated episode of mania. METHODS: We examined the baseline and 18-month follow-up characteristics of 117 participants with first episode of mania, treated at two tertiary early intervention services in Melbourne, Australia...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550718/attachment-to-place-in-advanced-age-a-study-of-the-lilacs-nz-cohort
#3
Janine L Wiles, Anna Rolleston, Avinesh Pillai, Joanna Broad, Ruth Teh, Merryn Gott, Ngaire Kerse
An extensive body of research theorises that attachment to place is positively associated with health, particularly for older people. Building on this, we measure how indicators of attachment to place are associated with health for in people of advanced age in New Zealand. We use data from a cohort study (LiLACS NZ), which includes an indigenous Māori cohort aged 80-90 years and a non-Māori cohort aged 85 years from a mixed urban/rural region in New Zealand. Each cohort undertook a comprehensive interview and health assessment (n = 267 Māori and n = 404 non-Māori)...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550494/cost-effectiveness-of-combined-serum-anti-helicobacter-pylori-igg-antibody-and-serum-pepsinogen-concentrations-for-screening-for-gastric-cancer-risk-in-japan
#4
Shota Saito, Motoi Azumi, Yusuke Muneoka, Katsuhiko Nishino, Takashi Ishikawa, Yuichi Sato, Shuji Terai, Kouhei Akazawa
BACKGROUND: A combination of assays for the presence of serum anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG antibody (HPA) and serum pepsinogen (PG) concentrations can be used to screen for gastric cancer risk. In Japan, this "ABC method" is considered an effective means of stratifying gastric cancer risk. This study aimed to ascertain its cost-effectiveness for assessing gastric cancer risk. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to compare the cost-effectiveness of two strategies for gastric cancer-risk screening over a 30-year period: the ABC method, which uses a combination of assessing the presence of HPA and measuring serum PG concentrations and scheduling endoscopies accordingly, and annual endoscopic screening...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550480/characteristics-associated-with-quality-of-life-among-people-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#5
Leone Ridsdale, Gabriella Wojewodka, Emily Robinson, Sabine Landau, Adam Noble, Stephanie Taylor, Mark Richardson, Gus Baker, Laura H Goldstein
Quality of Life (QoL) is the preferred outcome in non-pharmacological trials, but there is little UK population evidence of QoL in epilepsy. In advance of evaluating an epilepsy self-management course we aimed to describe, among UK participants, what clinical and psycho-social characteristics are associated with QoL. We recruited 404 adults attending specialist clinics, with at least two seizures in the prior year and measured their self-reported seizure frequency, co-morbidity, psychological distress, social characteristics, including self-mastery and stigma, and epilepsy-specific QoL (QOLIE-31-P)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550478/olfactory-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease-is-a-consequence-of-central-nervous-system-decline
#6
Emilia Iannilli, Lars Stephan, Thomas Hummel, Heinz Reichmann, Antje Haehner
Early diagnosis and timely treatment of Parkinson's disease are essential factors to provide these patients with a longer period of a better quality of life. Olfactory loss is among the first non-motor symptoms of the disease; however, in light of the many causes of smell loss, it is a very unspecific biomarker and should only be used as part of a diagnostic test battery. In this study, we investigated the olfactory response in 71 subjects, consisting of Parkinson's disease patients, hyposmic and anosmic patients of other causes, and normosmic individuals searching for sensitive, distinct biomarkers for which we used scalp event-related 64-channel electroencephalography and psychophysical tests...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550422/prospective-evaluation-of-transanal-irrigation-for-fecal-incontinence-and-constipation
#7
T Juul, P Christensen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of transanal irrigation on bowel function and quality of life in a prospective cohort of Danish patients with fecal incontinence or constipation. METHODS: Patients with fecal incontinence or constipation of heterogeneous origin were treated by a specialist nurse at the Anal Physiology Clinic/Department of Surgery at Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. If satisfactory results were not obtained after conservative bowel management, patients were instructed in the use the transanal irrigation procedure and were consecutively recruited for this observational cohort study in the period from March 2010 to September 2013...
May 26, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550403/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-in-ards-survivors-a-1-year-longitudinal-national-us-multicenter-study
#8
A Parker Ruhl, Minxuan Huang, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Taruja Karmarkar, Victor D Dinglas, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
PURPOSE: To evaluate (1) post-discharge healthcare utilization and estimated costs in ARDS survivors, and (2) the association between patient and intensive care-related variables, and 6-month patient status, with subsequent hospitalization and costs. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study enrolling from four ARDSNet trials in 44 US hospitals. Healthcare utilization was collected via structured interviews at 6 and 12 months post-ARDS, and hospital costs estimated via the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
May 26, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549799/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-impact-of-pharmacist-led-patient-centered-pharmaceutical-care-on-patients-medicine-therapy-related-quality-of-life
#9
Phantipa Sakthong, Todsaporn Sangthonganotai
BACKGROUND: Due to a lack of pharmaceutical care (PC)-specific measures for health-related quality of life, a novel generic questionnaire "Patient-Reported Outcomes Measure of Pharmaceutical Therapy for Quality of Life (PROMPT-QoL) was developed. Little was also known about an impact of pharmaceutical care on medicine therapy-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: First, evaluate the impact of PC on medicine therapy-related QoL using the PROMPT-QoL in Thai patients...
May 11, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549718/sarcopenia-is-associated-with-physical-and-mental-components-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#10
Betty Manrique-Espinoza, Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo, José Alberto Avila-Funes
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the association between sarcopenia and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The Rural Frailty Study, a prospective study on the prevalence of frailty in rural settings in Mexico, with baseline and follow-up measurements conducted in 2009 and 2013, respectively. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred forty-three men and women older than 70 years...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549624/multiparametric-assessment-of-voice-quality-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-microlaryngeal-surgery-correlation-between-subjective-and-objective-methods
#11
Anna Rzepakowska, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
The aim of the study was to estimate voice defect and the quality of life deterioration in patients with different laryngeal pathologies qualified for microsurgery treatment. The results of videolaryngostroboscopy (VLS), perception, aerodynamics, acoustics, Dysphonia Severity Index, Voice Handicap Index (VHI), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Brief Version before microsurgery were analyzed. There were 151 patients enrolled in the study. There were 86 patients in group 1 (benign lesions), 34 in group 2 (premalignant conditions), and 31 in group 3 (malignant neoplasms)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549479/engaging-the-canadian-public-on-reimbursement-decision-making-for-drugs-for-rare-diseases-a-national-online-survey
#12
Julie Polisena, Michael Burgess, Craig Mitton, Larry D Lynd
BACKGROUND: Funding of drugs for rare diseases (DRDs) requires decisions that balance fairness for all individuals within the healthcare system with compassion for affected individuals. Our study objective was to conduct a national online survey to determine the Canadian public's perspective, including regional variations, associated with DRD decision-making. METHODS: The survey collected responses from 1631 Canadians. Respondents were asked to rank at least three and up to five DRD decision-making priorities, out of a total of eight priorities presented...
May 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549476/comparing-motivational-self-regulatory-and-habitual-processes-in-a-computer-tailored-physical-activity-intervention-in-hospital-employees-protocol-for-the-paths-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Dominika Kwasnicka, Corneel Vandelanotte, Amanda Rebar, Benjamin Gardner, Camille Short, Mitch Duncan, Dawn Crook, Martin S Hagger
BACKGROUND: Most people do not engage in sufficient physical activity to confer health benefits and to reduce risk of chronic disease. Healthcare professionals frequently provide guidance on physical activity, but often do not meet guideline levels of physical activity themselves. The main objective of this study is to develop and test the efficacy of a tailored intervention to increase healthcare professionals' physical activity participation and quality of life, and to reduce work-related stress and absenteeism...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549453/survival-and-axillary-recurrence-following-sentinel-node-positive-breast-cancer-without-completion-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-the-randomized-controlled-senomac-trial
#14
Jana de Boniface, Jan Frisell, Yvette Andersson, Leif Bergkvist, Johan Ahlgren, Lisa Rydén, Roger Olofsson Bagge, Malin Sund, Hemming Johansson, Dan Lundstedt
BACKGROUND: The role of axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) has increasingly been called into question among patients with positive sentinel lymph nodes. Two recent trials have failed to show a survival difference in sentinel node-positive breast cancer patients who were randomized either to undergo completion ALND or not. Neither of the trials, however, included breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy or those with tumors larger than 5 cm, and power was debatable to show a small survival difference...
May 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549427/developing-an-australian-first-recovery-model-for-parents-in-victorian-mental-health-and-family-services-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Darryl Maybery, Melinda Goodyear, Andrea Reupert, Jade Sheen, Warren Cann, Kim Dalziel, Phillip Tchernagovski, Brendan O'Hanlon, Henry von Doussa
BACKGROUND: A considerable number of people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. For those with a mental illness, parenting can provide a sense of competence, belonging, identity and hope and hence is well aligned to the concept of personal recovery. However, little research has focused on the recovery journey of those who are parents and have a mental illness. This randomised controlled trial aims to (i) evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention model of recovery for parents (Let's Talk about Children) in three different mental health service sectors and (ii) examine the economic value of a larger roll out (longer term) of the parent recovery model...
May 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549424/high-intensity-therapist-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-pilot-study
#16
Christopher Sundström, Martin Kraepelien, Niels Eék, Claudia Fahlke, Viktor Kaldo, Anne H Berman
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of individuals with alcohol problems do not seek psychological treatment, but access to such treatment could potentially be increased by delivering it over the Internet. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is widely recognized as one of the psychological treatments for alcohol problems for which evidence is most robust. This study evaluated a new, therapist-guided internet-based CBT program (entitled ePlus) for individuals with alcohol use disorders. METHODS: Participants in the study (n = 13) were recruited through an alcohol self-help web site ( www...
May 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549047/health-related-quality-of-life-and-sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-a-urostomy-is-there-a-relationship
#17
Chie Furukawa, Ikuharu Morioka
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and sleep disorders in persons living with a urostomy. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: Eighty-six adults with a urostomy who were cared for in a stoma outpatient clinic of a hospital in Osaka, Japan, for at least 1 month before data collection, and who were attending support group meetings comprised the sample...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547996/predicting-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-nepal-mental-health-disorders-and-substance-use-determinants
#18
Khem N Pokhrel, Vidya D Sharma, Akira Shibanuma, Kalpana G Pokhrel, Linda B Mlunde, Masamine Jimba
HIV-positive people often experience mental health disorders and engage in substance use. Such conditions tend to impair their health-related quality of life (QOL). Evidence, however, is limited about the influence of mental health disorders and substance use on QOL by gender. Also, little is known about the influences of anxiety and high levels of stress on QOL. We recruited 682 HIV-positive people in Nepal and measured their depression, anxiety, stress levels, substance use, and QOL. Multiple linear regressions assessed the association of mental health disorders and substance use with QOL...
May 26, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547646/risk-factors-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-impact-of-repletion-in-a-tertiary-care-inflammatory-bowel-disease-population
#19
Samantha Zullow, Guruprasad Jambaulikar, Ankur Rustgi, Sandra Quezada, Raymond K Cross
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are vitamin D deficient. The purpose of our study was to identify risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in IBD and to assess the impact of vitamin D repletion on disease activity and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: Patients with at least one 25-OH vitamin D level measured between 2004 and 2011 were included. Patients with a level <30 ng/ml at baseline were followed until the time of repletion...
May 25, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547462/colostrum-quality-igg-absorption-and-daily-weight-gain-of-calves-in-small-scale-dairy-production-systems-in-southern-vietnam
#20
Bui Phan Thu Hang, Johan Dicksved, Kerstin Svennersten Sjaunja, Ewa Wredle
Dairy production is expanding rapidly in Vietnam, but still, the smallholder farms are most common. The aim of this study was therefore to get improved knowledge about colostrum quality in dairy cows, immunoglobulin G (IgG) absorption, daily weight gain in dairy calves and calf management in small-scale dairy production systems in Southern Vietnam. A field survey was conducted on 40 farms, with two calves on each farm being intensively studied. It was observed that newborn calves were separated from their dams immediately after birth and offered 2-4 L first colostrum within 4 h by bucket feeding...
May 25, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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