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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037635/the-immediate-effect-of-talocrural-joint-manipulation-on-functional-performance-of-15-40-years-old-athletes-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Fahimeh Kamali, Ehsan Sinaei, Sara Bahadorian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate effect of talocrural joint manipulation (TCJM) on functional performance of athletes with chronic ankle instability (CAI). PARTICIPANTS: Forty athletes (18males, 22females) with CAI divided into TCJM group (n = 20) and sham manipulation group (n = 20). INTERVENTION: TCJM was performed as a quick thrust on the involved talus, in the posterior direction. Sham manipulation was maintaining the same position, without any thrust...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026835/recurrent-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-of-talus-resulted-in-tibiotalocalcaneal-arthrodesis
#2
Amir R Vosoughi, Kamran Mozaffarian, Mohammad A Erfani
Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC), a locally benign aggressive lytic lesion of either primary or secondary origin, seldom involves the talus. Herein, we present a 25-year-old man with recurrent ABC of the talus after curettage and bone grafting, which was managed by total resection followed by filling the defect using fibular graft and finally tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis due to articular surface involvement. At 18 mo postoperatively, no recurrence was detected. Arthrodesis might be a good option in cases with recurrent ABC of the talus especially with articular surface involvement...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024511/the-relationship-between-linear-osteological-and-radiographic-measurements-of-the-human-calcaneus-and-talus
#3
David Agoada
Plain radiographs of the foot are a common form of examination in individuals when medical evaluation is indicated. Their availability makes them useful for studying human variation where large sample sizes are crucial. Calcaneal and talar morphology are critical in the understanding of human foot form and function, but few studies have examined the accuracy of linear measurements of these bones taken from radiographs. If linear measurements are to be used in quantitative analysis, their accuracy must first be demonstrated...
October 10, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022802/endoscopic-assisted-local-intralesional-curettage-and-excision-of-intraosseous-lesions-in-the-talus
#4
C J Pearce, Y Chen, E M Puhaindran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979588/management-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talar-dome
#5
Chamnanni Rungprai, Joshua N Tennant, Ryan D Gentry, Phinit Phisitkul
Osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT) is a common condition associated with ankle injury that brings challenges in the diagnosis and treatment. Symptoms related to this condition are nonspecific including pain, swelling, stiffness, and mechanical symptoms of locking and catching. While the natural history of the OLTs is not well understood, surgical treatment is often required especially in chronic cases and acute cases with displaced articular fragments. Arthroscopic treatment of the OLTs aims to restore ankle joint function and pain relief by the removal of the chondral or osteochondral fragment, debridement and stabilization of cartilage rim and subchondral bone, and stimulate healing of the bone and damaged cartilage...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979584/transplantation-treatment-of-extensive-soft-tissue-defects-in-lower-extremities-with-a-combination-of-cross-bridge-flap-and-combined-free-tissue-flap-covered-by-vacuum-sealing-drainage-one-case-report
#6
Xiaohua Pan, Guangyao Wang, Tun Hing Lui
This article reported the ultilization of cross-bridge flap transplantation and combined free-tissue flap transplantation to treat a 54-year-old male with Gustilo type III-C injuries. Thorough debridement, external fixation and vacuum sealing drainage were performed in the fist-stage treatment. After the removal of negative pressure on VSD devices, the joined free-tissue flaps and the cross-bridge flap were performed to repair the extensive soft-tissue defects. One month later the pedicle of cross-bridge flap was divided and the external fixator connecting both the lower legs was removed...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971693/prospective-evaluation-of-structural-allograft-transplantation-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talar-shoulder
#7
Samuel B Adams, Travis J Dekker, Adam P Schiff, Christopher P Gross, James A Nunley, Mark E Easley
BACKGROUND: Structural or bulk osteochondral allograft transplantation for shoulder talar osteochondral lesions as a salvage procedure has demonstrated efficacy in several retrospective reviews. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively patients who received fresh structural allograft transplantation to the talus. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of a consecutive series of patients who underwent fresh structural allograft transplantation for an osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT) was performed...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970982/concomitant-reverse-hill-sachs-lesion-and-posterior-humeral-avulsion-of-the-glenohumeral-ligament-treatment-with-fresh-talus-osteochondral-allograft-and-arthroscopic-posterior-humeral-avulsion-of-the-glenohumeral-ligament-and-labrum-repair
#8
Justin J Mitchell, Alexander R Vap, George Sanchez, Daniel J Liechti, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Márcio B Ferrari, Matthew T Provencher
Chronic posterior glenohumeral joint instability can be a challenging clinical entity for patients and surgeons alike. In the setting of a posterior dislocation, a large anterior humeral impaction injury (reverse Hill-Sachs [HS]) may occur, leading to engagement of the humerus with the posterior glenoid bone, especially during internal rotation of the joint. A reverse HS is especially debilitating because of the significant portion of affected humeral head cartilage, and is made worse in the setting of ligamentous disruption such as a posterior humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesions...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956086/-ankle-cartilage-repair-therapeutic-options-results-and-technical-aspects
#9
REVIEW
S Anders, J Götz, J Grifka, C Baier
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic strategies for cartilage repair of the talus are varied. With the use of biologic scaffolds and biologic agents new cell-based therapies have become the focus of attention. OBJECTIVES: Ankle cartilage repair techniques are presented and assessed by current data. In addition, technical notes for each technique are given. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Currently, the following established ankle cartilage repair procedures exist: microfracturing, AMIC (autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis), OCT (osteochondral transplantation, mosaicplasty), allograft transplantation...
September 27, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931325/outcomes-of-talus-fractures-associated-with-high-energy-combat-trauma
#10
Travis Junge, Jaime Bellamy, Thomas Dowd, Patrick Osborn
BACKGROUND: Talus fractures are infrequent injuries that are often associated with poor clinical outcomes. Literature reviewing talus fractures is limited to a civilian population, with few studies characterizing these injuries sustained in active duty personnel. The aim of this study was to characterize talus fractures sustained in combat trauma by reporting their surgical outcomes. METHODS: The Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) was queried to identify US service members who sustained talus fractures in battle conditions between 2001 and 2014...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912632/the-intra-rater-reliability-of-a-revised-3-point-grading-system-for-accessory-joint-mobilizations
#11
Jennifer Ward, Clair Hebron, Nicola J Petty
OBJECTIVES: Joint mobilizations are often quantified using a 4-point grading system based on the physiotherapist's detection of resistance. It is suggested that the initial resistance to joint mobilizations is imperceptible to physiotherapists, but that at some point through range becomes perceptible, a point termed R1. Grades of mobilization traditionally hinge around this concept and are performed either before or after R1. Physiotherapists, however, show poor reliability in applying grades of mobilization...
September 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882059/mri-evaluation-of-ligaments-and-tendons-of-foot-arch-in-talar-dome-osteochondral-lesions
#12
Ali Koç, Özgür Karabiyik
Background There are no publications in literature describing an association between disorders of the ligaments and tendons supporting the foot arch and osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLT). We believe there may be a correlation between the damage of these structures. Purpose To investigate the pathologies of main ligaments and tendons that support the foot arch in sprained ankles, by reviewing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies and comparing the results in two groups of patients, with and without OCLT...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879597/prenatal-congenital-vertical-talus-rocker-bottom-foot-a-marker-for-multisystem-anomalies
#13
Eva I Rubio, Nimisha Mehta, Anna R Blask, Dorothy I Bulas
BACKGROUND: Congenital vertical talus is a rare foot anomaly characterized by a prominent calcaneus and rigid forefoot dorsiflexion. While congenital vertical talus has been associated with anomalies such as trisomy 18, myelomeningocele and arthrogryposis, postnatal series have reported cases of isolated congenital vertical talus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the incidence of isolated congenital vertical talus prenatally and identify the most common anomalies associated with this finding...
September 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874272/postcrania-of-the-most-primitive-euprimate-and-implications-for-primate-origins
#14
Doug M Boyer, Séverine Toussaint, Marc Godinot
The fossil record of early primates is largely comprised of dentitions. While teeth can indicate phylogenetic relationships and dietary preferences, they say little about hypotheses pertaining to the positional behavior or substrate preference of the ancestral crown primate. Here we report the discovery of a talus bone of the dentally primitive fossil euprimate Donrussellia provincialis. Our comparisons and analyses indicate that this talus is more primitive than that of other euprimates. It lacks features exclusive to strepsirrhines, like a large medial tibial facet and a sloping fibular facet...
October 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874270/the-evolution-of-the-platyrrhine-talus-a-comparative-analysis-of-the-phenetic-affinities-of-the-miocene-platyrrhines-with-their-modern-relatives
#15
Thomas A Püschel, Justin T Gladman, René Bobe, William I Sellers
Platyrrhines are a diverse group of primates that presently occupy a broad range of tropical-equatorial environments in the Americas. However, most of the fossil platyrrhine species of the early Miocene have been found at middle and high latitudes. Although the fossil record of New World monkeys has improved considerably over the past several years, it is still difficult to trace the origin of major modern clades. One of the most commonly preserved anatomical structures of early platyrrhines is the talus. This work provides an analysis of the phenetic affinities of extant platyrrhine tali and their Miocene counterparts through geometric morphometrics and a series of phylogenetic comparative analyses...
October 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874265/newly-discovered-neanderthal-remains-from-shanidar-cave-iraqi-kurdistan-and-their-attribution-to-shanidar-5
#16
Emma Pomeroy, Marta Mirazón Lahr, Federica Crivellaro, Lucy Farr, Tim Reynolds, Chris O Hunt, Graeme Barker
The Neanderthal remains from Shanidar Cave, excavated between 1951 and 1960, have played a central role in debates concerning diverse aspects of Neanderthal morphology and behavior. In 2015 and 2016, renewed excavations at the site uncovered hominin remains from the immediate area where the partial skeleton of Shanidar 5 was found in 1960. Shanidar 5 was a robust adult male estimated to have been aged over 40 years at the time of death. Comparisons of photographs from the previous and recent excavations indicate that the old and new remains were directly adjacent to one another, while the disturbed arrangement and partial crushing of the new fossils is consistent with descriptions and photographs of the older discoveries...
October 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874066/the-role-of-the-accessory-malleolar-ossicles-and-malleolar-avulsion-fractures-in-lateral-ankle-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Matthew M Reiner, Jonathan J Sharpe
While it is well known that ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in the United States, predictive factors regarding failure of conservative treatment are not well known. There are many biomechanical and epidemiological factors that play a role in recurrence and failure of conservative treatment, but most cases are able to be treated with immobilization and/or rest, ice, elevation, physical therapy, and bracing. We propose that one important risk factor is often overlooked simply due to the fact that a vast majority of these cases resolve without the need for surgery...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868643/comparison-of-radiography-and-computed-tomography-to-evaluate-fractures-of-the-canine-tarsus
#18
Danielle Butler, Sarah Nemanic, Jennifer J Warnock
Detection and accurate classification of traumatic tarsal fractures are important for identifying cases requiring surgical intervention. The aim of this prospective, experimental, methods comparison study was to directly compare the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of tarsal computed tomography (CT), ten-view and two-view digital radiographs for detecting traumatic fractures of the canine tarsus. The working hypothesis was that tarsal fractures would be detected with higher accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity using CT imaging compared to radiography, and a ten-view would be superior to a two-view radiographic study...
September 3, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867054/advances-in-ankle-cartilage-repair
#19
REVIEW
Alan Ng, Andrew Bernhard, Kaitlyn Bernhard
Repair of osteochondral lesions of the talus can be difficult. Smaller lesions respond well to simple arthroscopy and microfracture, whereas larger cystic lesions may require allograft talus replacement or ankle fusions. The lesions in between are more difficult to treat. Autologous chondrocyte implantation and matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation have shown promising results. Future research may include new techniques, pharmacologic intervention, and cell-based therapies, and may be better served with prospective observational studies instead of costly randomized controlled studies...
October 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867053/osteochondral-autograft-and-allograft-transplantation-in-the-talus
#20
REVIEW
Alan Ng, Kaitlyn Bernhard
Large, symptomatic, focal chondral, and osteochondral lesions of the ankle are treated with osteochondral autograft/allograft transplantation (OAT) procedure, a reconstructive bone grafting technique that uses one or more cylindrical osteochondral grafts from an area of low impact or allograft source and transplants them into the prepared defect site on the talus. This technique allows defects to be filled with mature, hyaline articular cartilage. Acute or chronic chondral or osteochondral lesions can be debilitating; provided here is a review of osteochondral autograft or allograft transplantation...
October 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
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