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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904023/early-embryonic-development-of-long-tendons-in-the-human-foot
#1
Masahito Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Shiraishi, Kei Kitamura, Zhe Wu Jin, Gen Murakami, Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez, Shin-Ichi Abe
To examine a common plantar tendinous plate for long flexors of the toe and fingers in human embryos, we observed sections of 10 embryos at 5-6 weeks (crown-rump length or CRL 15-21 mm). The heel or tuber of the calcaneus was underdeveloped in 3 embryos with CRL 15 mm and the talus appeared not to be piled up on the calcaneus but these two bones were arranged along the lateromedial axis. As reported in the hand, we demonstrated, in the deep side of tarsal bones, a common tendinous plate formed by a joining of the flexor halluces longus and flexor digitorum longus tendons...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903929/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-particulated-juvenile-articular-cartilage-and-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-for-articular-cartilage-lesions-of-the-talus
#2
Nathan S Lanham, John J Carroll, Minton T Cooper, Venkat Perumal, Joseph S Park
Background Articular cartilage lesions of the talus remain a challenging clinical problem because of the lack of natural regeneration and limited treatment options. Microfracture is often the first-line therapy, however lesions larger than 1.5 cm(2) have been shown to not do as well with this treatment method. Methods The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of iliac crest bone marrow aspirate concentrate/collagen scaffold (ICBMA) and particulated juvenile articular cartilage (PJAC) for larger articular cartilage lesions of the talus...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900312/posterior-tibial-tendon-displacement-behind-the-tibia-and-its-interposition-in-an-irreducible-isolated-ankle-dislocation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Alessandro Ortolani, Roberto Bevoni, Alessandro Russo, Maurilio Marcacci, Mauro Girolami
Isolated posteromedial ankle dislocation is a rare condition thanks to the highly congruent anatomical configuration of the ankle mortise, in which the medial and lateral malleoli greatly reduce the rotational movement of the talus, and the strength of the ligaments higher than the malleoli affords protection against fractures. However, other factors, like medial malleolus hypoplasia, laxity of the ligaments, peroneal muscle weakness and previous ankle sprains, could predispose to pure dislocation. In the absence of such factors, only a complex high-energy trauma, with a rotational component, can lead to this event...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900266/ankle-arthrodesis-a-systematic-approach-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Youichi Yasui, Charles P Hannon, Dexter Seow, John G Kennedy
Ankle arthrodesis is a common treatment used for patients with end-stage ankle arthritis (ESAA). The surgical goal of ankle arthrodesis is to obtain bony union between the tibia and talus with adequate alignment [slight valgus (0°-5°)], neutral dorsiflexion, and slight external rotation positions) in order to provide a pain-free plantigrade foot for weightbearing activities. There are many variations in operative technique including deferring approaches (open or arthroscopic) and differing fixation methods (internal or external fixation)...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891511/diagnostic-value-of-ct-arthrography-for-evaluation-of-osteochondral-lesions-at-the-ankle
#5
Jan S Kirschke, Sepp Braun, Thomas Baum, Christian Holwein, Christoph Schaeffeler, Andreas B Imhoff, Ernst J Rummeny, Klaus Woertler, Pia M Jungmann
Background. To retrospectively determine the diagnostic value of computed tomography arthrography (CTA) of the ankle in the evaluation of (osteo)chondral lesions in comparison to conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative findings. Methods. A total of N = 79 patients had CTAs and MRI of the ankle; in 17/79 cases surgical reports with statements on cartilage integrity were available. Cartilage lesions and bony defects at talus and tibia were scored according to defect depth and size by two radiologists...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885384/use-of-the-arthroereisis-screw-with-tendoscopic-delivered-platelet-rich-plasma-for-early-stage-adult-acquired-flatfoot-deformity
#6
Youichi Yasui, Ichiro Tonogai, Andrew J Rosenbaum, David M Moore, Masato Takao, Hirotaka Kawano, John G Kennedy
PURPOSE: Early stage adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) is traditionally treated with osteotomy and tendon transfer. Despite a high success rate, the long recovery time and associated morbidity are not sufficient. This study aims to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes following the use of the arthroereisis screw with tendoscopic delivered PRP for early stage AAFD. METHODS: Patients with stage IIa AAFD who underwent the use of the arthroereisis screw with tendoscopic delivered PRP with a minimum follow-up time of 24 months were retrospectively evaluated...
November 24, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885101/giant-cell-tumor-of-talus-t-construct-method-of-bone-grafting
#7
Abhijeet B Kadam, Anoop C Dhamangaonkar
: Giant cell tumor (GCT) or osteoclastoma is a benign, locally aggressive tumor with a tendency to recur. Giant cell tumors typically occur in the epiphysis of long bones, including the distal femur and proximal tibia. They are uncommonly found in the small bones of the foot or ankle, and involvement of talus is rare. The authors present a case of GCT of the talar body in a 21-year-old man, which was diagnosed radiologically by the presence of a well-defined osteolytic lesion involving more than half of the talar body with thinning of the cortices...
November 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881135/cat-s-whiskers-orthosiphon-stamineus-tea-modulates-arthritis-pathogenesis-via-the-angiogenesis-and-inflammatory-cascade
#8
Yasser M Tabana, Fouad Saleih R Al-Suede, Mohamed B Khadeer Ahamed, Saad S Dahham, Loiy E Ahmed Hassan, Saba Khalilpour, Mohamad Taleb-Agha, Doblin Sandai, Aman S Abdul Majid, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid
BACKGROUND: Orthosiphon stamineus is used traditionally to treat gout, arthritis, and inflammatory related conditions. The in vitro anti-inflammatory effects of the plant have been scientifically investigated. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the potential of the 50% ethanol extract of O. stamineus (EOS) to treat rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Anti-arthritic activity was assessed using the in vitro heat denaturation test and the (FCA)-induced arthritis model...
November 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871420/platelet-rich-plasma-and-concentrated-bone-marrow-aspirate-in-surgical-treatment-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus
#9
REVIEW
Youichi Yasui, Andrew W Ross, John G Kennedy
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and concentrated bone marrow aspirate (CBMA) have the potential to improve the quality of cartilage repair in osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT). In this review, we describe the basic science and clinical evidence that has been published on the topic of PRP and CBMA on 2 commonly used surgical techniques for the treatment of OLT: bone marrow stimulation and osteochondral autograft transfer.
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871101/morphomics-of-the-talus
#10
David Gorman, Ebram Handy, Sikui Wang, Annette L Irwin, Stewart Wang
Previous studies of frontal crash databases reported that ankle fractures are among the most common lower extremity fractures. While not generally life threatening, these injuries can be debilitating. Laboratory research into the mechanisms of ankle fractures has linked dorsiflexion with an increased risk of tibia and fibula malleolus fractures. However, talus fractures were not produced in the laboratory tests and appear to be caused by more complex loading of the joint. In this study, an analysis of the National Automotive Sampling System - Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) for the years 2004-2013 was conducted to investigate foot-ankle injury rates in front seat occupants involved in frontal impact crashes...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852595/lesion-size-is-a-predictor-of-clinical-outcomes-after-bone-marrow-stimulation-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-a-systematic-review
#11
Laura Ramponi, Youichi Yasui, Christopher D Murawski, Richard D Ferkel, Christopher W DiGiovanni, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, James D F Calder, Masato Takao, Francesca Vannini, Woo Jin Choi, Jin Woo Lee, James Stone, John G Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The critical lesion size treated with bone marrow stimulation (BMS) for osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) has been 150 mm(2) in area or 15 mm in diameter. However, recent investigations have failed to detect a significant correlation between the lesion size and clinical outcomes after BMS for OLTs. PURPOSE: To systematically review clinical studies reporting both the lesion size and clinical outcomes after BMS for OLTs. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852383/-surgery-of-ipsilateral-hawkins-%C3%A2-talus-neck-and-ankle-joint-fractures-via-internal-and-lateral-approaches-with-herbert-screws
#12
P Zhang, Q R Dong, Z Y Wang, B Chen, J H Wan, L Wang
Objective: To explore the manual operation skills of operative treatment of ipsilateral Hawkins Ⅲ talus neck and ankle joint fractures via internal and lateral approaches with Herbert screws, and to study the clinical results. Method: From Jan 2009 to Dec 2014, the clinical data of 13 patients with ipsilateral Hawkins Ⅲ talus neck and ankle joint fractres via internal and lateral approaches with Herbert screws were retrospectively analyzed in our department.There were 10 males and 3 female, ranging in age from 20 to 60 years with an average age of 31...
November 8, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822735/successful-treatment-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-using-low-dose-radiotherapy-a-case-report
#13
Christian T Dietzel, Christoph Schäfer, Dirk Vordermark
BACKGROUND: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare autoinflammatory disease, which lacks an infectious genesis and predominantly involves the metaphysis of long bones. Common treatments range from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids at first onset of disease, to immunosuppressive drugs and bisphosphonates in cases of insufficient remission. The therapeutic use of low-dose radiotherapy for CRMO constitutes a novelty. CASE REPORT: A 67-year-old female patient presented with radiologically proven CRMO affecting the right tibia/talus and no response to immunosuppressive therapy...
November 7, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821659/current-concepts-review-update-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus
#14
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Justin J Mitchell, Maria Gala Santini-Araujo, Stephen J Pinney, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814874/long-term-impact-of-ankle-sprains-on-postural-control-and-fascial-densification
#15
Leonid Kalichman, Hila Lachman, Naama Freilich
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a past ankle sprain (AS) on postural control and fascial changes in the adjacent body segment. METHODS: 20 young, healthy subjects with a history (≥6 months) of significant (Grades 2, 3) lateral ASs and 20 controls with no history of AS were recruited to cross-sectional case-control study. All subjects performed the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). The Stecco method was used to evaluate fascial densification in the calf and upper foot areas...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813021/bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-for-the-treatment-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Jorge Chahla, Mark E Cinque, Jason M Shon, Daniel J Liechti, Lauren M Matheny, Robert F LaPrade, Thomas O Clanton
BACKGROUND: The goal of this perform a systematic review on the outcomes of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) for the treatment of chondral defects and osteoarthritis (OA) of the talus. RESULTS: The systematic search performed identified 47 studies after duplicates were removed. After inclusion criteria were applied four studies were considered for insightful analysis for the treatment of focal chondral defects in the foot and ankle with the use of BMAC. Three studies were retrospective and one study was prospective in nature...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809555/quantitative-analysis-of-subtalar-joint-motion-with-4d-ct-proof-of-concept-with-cadaveric-and-healthy-subject-evaluation
#17
Pedro Augusto Gondim Teixeira, Anne-Sophie Formery, Adrien Jacquot, Guillaume Lux, Isabelle Loiret, Manuela Perez, Alain Blum
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to show the application of quantitative 4D CT for subtalar joint evaluation in healthy volunteers and cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen healthy volunteers with no history of subtalar joint trauma and three cadavers were prospectively evaluated with dynamic CT. The subtalar joint was evaluated during a pronosupination cycle. All acquisitions (cadavers and healthy volunteers) were performed using intermittent sequential mode with a 320-MDCT scanner...
November 3, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807288/the-morphology-and-prevalence-of-the-deltoid-complex-ligament-of-the-ankle-a-meta-analysis-of-cadaveric-studies
#18
REVIEW
Kaissar Yammine
: The deltoid ligament is a complex structure of the tibiotalar joint that limits the translation and tilting of the talus. It is often associated with injuries of the ankle joint. The deltoid complex ligament has 2 layers; one superficial with 4 bands and the other deep with 2 bands. Nevertheless, the prevalence and size of its components are reported with some variability in the literature. The aim of this meta-analysis is to generate weighted values of the prevalence, size, and attachment surface areas of its components...
November 1, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798068/massive-chondroblastoma-of-the-talus-treatment-with-en-bloc-talectomy-and-tibiocalcaneal-arthrodesis-long-term-follow-up-of-a-case
#19
Luis Bahamonde Munoz, Mario Escudero Heldt
: Chondroblastomas are benign bone tumors that are usually located at epiphyseal regions of long bones, and are rarely located at the talus. The usual treatment consists of curettage and filling of the bone defect with bone either bone grafts or some other material, such as cement. The authors present a case of a massive chondroblastma of the talus, extending outside of bone boundaries and with a huge soft tissue mass and invasion of the adjacent calcaneus. Management included an en bloc talectomy through a double medial and lateral approach, and curettage and filling with cement of the calcaneal extension...
October 25, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769090/-treatment-of-osteochondral-lesions-in-the-ankle-a-guideline-from-the-group-clinical-tissue-regeneration-of-the-german-society-of-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-dgou
#20
M Aurich, D Albrecht, P Angele, C Becher, S Fickert, J Fritz, P E Müller, P Niemeyer, M Pietschmann, G Spahn, M Walther
Background: Osteochondral lesions (OCL) of the ankle are a common cause of ankle pain. Although the precise pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated, it can be assumed that a variety of factors are responsible, mainly including traumatic events such as ankle sprains. Advances in arthroscopy and imaging techniques, in particular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have improved the possibilities for the diagnosis of OCLs of the ankle. Moreover, these technologies aim at developing new classification systems and modern treatment strategies...
October 21, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
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