Read by QxMD icon Read

left ventricular reconstruction

Richard G Ohye, Dietmar Schranz, Yves D'Udekem
Universally fatal only 4 decades ago, the progress in the 3-stage palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related single right ventricular lesions has drastically improved the outlook for these patients. Although the stage II operation (hemi-Fontan or bidirectional Glenn) and stage III Fontan procedure have evolved into relatively low-risk operations, the stage I Norwood procedure remains one of the highest-risk and costliest common operations performed in congenital heart surgery. Yet, despite this fact, experienced centers now report hospital survivals of >90% for the Norwood procedure...
October 25, 2016: Circulation
Jan L Bruse, Abbas Khushnood, Kristin McLeod, Giovanni Biglino, Maxime Sermesant, Xavier Pennec, Andrew M Taylor, Tain-Yen Hsia, Silvia Schievano
OBJECTIVES: Even after successful aortic coarctation repair, there remains a significant incidence of late systemic hypertension and other morbidities. Independently of residual obstruction, aortic arch morphology alone may affect cardiac function and outcome. We sought to uncover the relationship of arch 3-dimensional shape features with functional data obtained from cardiac magnetic resonance scans. METHODS: Three-dimensional aortic arch shape models of 53 patients (mean age, 22...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
William D Erwin, Aaron C Jessop, Martha V Mar, Homer A Macapinlac, Osama R Mawlawi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of IQ-SPECT gated blood pool (MUGA) under conditions of decreased scan time (ST). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients underwent routine 26-min, two-view planar, followed by LEHR and IQ-SPECT MUGA, on a Siemens dual-head Symbia scanner. Six 'back and forth' 4-min SPECT scans were summed into 4-, 8-, 12-, 16-, 20-, and 24-min equivalent scans, and reconstructed iteratively (IQ-SPECT and LEHR) and with FBP (LEHR)...
October 21, 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Oholi Tovia-Brodie, Bernard Belhassen, Aharon Glick, Haim Shmilovich, Galit Aviram, Raphael Rosso, Yoav Michowitz
INTRODUCTION: A new imaging software (CARTO® Segmentation Module, Biosense Webster) allows pre-procedural 3-D reconstruction of all heart chambers based on cardiac CT. We describe our initial experience with the new module during ablation of ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen consecutive patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias or ischemic ventricular tachycardia (VT) were studied. In the latter group, a combined endocardial and epicardial ablation was performed...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Michinobu Nagao, Yuzo Yamasaki, Takeshi Kamitani, Satoshi Kawanami, Masatoshi Kondo, Hiromichi Sonoda, Taisuke Fujioka, Hiroshi Honda
The purpose of this study is to analyze the geometrical characteristics of aortic root and left ventricular (LV) function in aortic stenosis (AS) using 256-slice coronary-computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Retrospective ECG-gated 256-slice CCTA data from 32 patients with tricuspid AS scheduled for aortic valve replacement, and 11 controls were analyzed. Aortic root geometry was measured using multiplanar reconstruction CT images. CCTA data set was transformed into 100 phases/cycle using motion coherence image processing...
October 13, 2016: Heart and Vessels
Dong Jia, Xiao-Ming Zhou, Gang Hou
To evaluate the feasibility and the efficacy of computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in differentiating acute pulmonary embolism (PE) patients with or without right ventricular dysfunction and to evaluate the severity of right ventricular dysfunction in acute PE patients with CPTA. We retrospectively collected and measured the following parameters: right ventricular diameter by short axis in the axial plane (RVDaxial), left ventricular diameter by short axis in the axial plane (LVDaxial), right ventricular diameter by level on the reconstructed four-chamber views (RVD4-CH), left ventricular diameter by level on the reconstructed four-chamber views (LVD4-CH), main pulmonary artery diameter (MPAD), ascending aorta diameter (AOD), coronary sinus diameter (CSD), superior vena cava diameter (SVCD), inferior vena cava (IVC) reflux and interventricular septum deviation by CTPA, and we calculated the RVDaxial/LVDaxial, RVD4-CH/LVD4-CH and MPAD/AOD ratios in acute PE patients...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Marine Claudin, Laetitia Imbert, Wassila Djaballah, Nicolas Veran, Sylvain Poussier, Véronique Roch, Mathieu Perrin, Antoine Verger, Henri Boutley, Gilles Karcher, Pierre-Yves Marie
PURPOSE: Gamma-cameras, with Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT) detectors, allow to perform myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with limited injected activities and recorded times. This study aimed at determining whether the routine assessment of left ventricular (LV) function with such limited counts protocols compares well with reference values from cardiac MRI. METHODS: The study included patients who have undergone cardiac MRI and an MPI routinely planned on a CZT camera with a low-dose protocol (120 MBq of Sestamibi for stress and 360 MBq at rest for 75 kg body weight), while targeting the recording of only 500 myocardial kcounts in order to limit the recording times (<10 minutes for stress, <4 minutes for rest)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
W Brent Keeling, Bradley G Leshnower, Jose Binongo, Yi Lasanajak, LaRonica McPherson, Edward P Chen
BACKGROUND: The David V valve-sparing aortic root replacement (VSRR) is an established and durable method of root reconstruction for varying pathologies. However, the impact of the severity of preoperative aortic regurgitation (AR) on long-term durability remains unclear. The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of the degree of preoperative AR on midterm durability following VSRR. METHODS: A retrospective review of the adult cardiac surgical database at a single academic center was undertaken from 2005 to 2015 for 223 adult patients who underwent VSRR...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Jonathan E N Langton, Hoi-Ieng Lam, Brett R Cowan, Christopher J Occleshaw, Ruvin Gabriel, Boris Lowe, Suzanne Lydiard, Andreas Greiser, Michaela Schmidt, Alistair A Young
Sparsely sampled cardiac cine accelerated acquisitions show promise for faster evaluation of left-ventricular function. Myocardial strain estimation using image feature tracking methods is also becoming widespread. However, it is not known whether highly accelerated acquisitions also provide reliable feature tracking strain estimates. Twenty patients and twenty healthy volunteers were imaged with conventional 14-beat/slice cine acquisition (STD), 4× accelerated 4-beat/slice acquisition with iterative reconstruction (R4), and a 9...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Amedeo Anselmi, Sophie Collin, Pascal Haigron, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Erwan Flecher
BACKGROUND: Mechanical and hemodynamic factors are among the determinants of patient-device interaction and early-term and long-term outcomes in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) recipients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We are currently developing computer simulation tools aimed at (1) analyze the intrathoracic and intracavitary positioning of LVADs after implantation and establish correlation with clinical outcomes; (2) assist surgeons in the choice of device and of left ventricular coring site for optimized intrathoracic placement and function; and (3) facilitate the planning of less-invasive LVAD implantation...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Jan L Bruse, Elena Cervi, Kristin McLeod, Giovanni Biglino, Maxime Sermesant, Xavier Pennec, Andrew M Taylor, Silvia Schievano, Tain-Yen Hsia
BACKGROUND: Aortic arch reconstruction after hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) palliation can vary widely in shape and dimensions between patients. Arch morphology alone may affect cardiac function and outcome. We sought to uncover the relationship of arch three-dimensional shape features with functional and short-term outcome data after total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC). METHODS: Aortic arch shape models of 37 patients with HLHS (age, 2.89 ± 0.99 years) were reconstructed from magnetic resonance data before TCPC completion...
September 1, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
C Xi, C Latnie, X Zhao, J L Tan, S T Wall, M Genet, L Zhong, L C Lee
Patient-specific biventricular computational models associated with a normal subject and a pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patient were developed to investigate the disease effects on ventricular mechanics. These models were developed using geometry reconstructed from magnetic resonance (MR) images, and constitutive descriptors of passive and active mechanics in cardiac tissues. Model parameter values associated with ventricular mechanical properties and myofiber architecture were obtained by fitting the models with measured pressure-volume loops and circumferential strain calculated from MR images using a hyperelastic warping method...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Yoshiyuki Maekawa, Yoshinori Miyahara, Ko Yoshizumi, Masaaki Kawada, Takaomi Minami, Tomoyuki Sato, Akiko Yokomizo, Kensuke Oka, Sadahiro Furui, Koichi Kataoka
A combination of tetralogy of Fallot( TOF) and total anomalous pulmonary venous return(TAPVR) is rare and results in chronic volume and pressure load of the right side of the heart and underfilling of the left heart. We report a successful 2-staged surgical correction of TOF associated with TAPVR and atrial septal defect. The patient was unsuitable for total primary intracardiac correction because the volume of the left ventricle was considered to be small. First, repair of anomalous pulmonary venous return and palliative right ventricle outflow tract reconstruction were simultaneously performed in 2 months of birth...
September 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Zeki Temizturk, Davut Azboy, Atakan Atalay, Hakan Atalay, Omer Faruk Dogan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to research the effects of levosimendan (LS) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) combination on systolic and diastolic ventricular function after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who required endoventricular patch repair (EVPR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 70 patients with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. LS and SNP combination was administered in 35 patients (study group, SG). In the remaining patients, normal saline solution was given (placebo group, PG)...
2016: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
Fady Dawoud, Karl H Schuleri, David D Spragg, B Milan Horáček, Ronald D Berger, Henry R Halperin, Albert C Lardo
INTRODUCTION: The interplay between electrical activation and mechanical contraction patterns is hypothesized to be central to reduced effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Furthermore, complex scar substrates render CRT less effective. We used novel cardiac computed tomography (CT) and noninvasive electrocardiographic imaging (ECGI) techniques in an ischemic dyssynchronous heart failure (DHF) animal model to evaluate electrical and mechanical coupling of cardiac function, tissue viability, and venous accessibility of target pacing regions...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Min Wan, Wei Huang, Jun-Mei Zhang, Xiaodan Zhao, John Carson Allen, Ru San Tan, Xiaofeng Wan, Liang Zhong
BACKGROUND: Misalignment in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images can adversely affect three-dimensional left ventricle modelling and downstream quantitative analysis. Currently, there are two types of approaches for dealing with realignment and motion distortion problems, one image based and the other geometry based. Image-based approaches are limited by the inherent non-homogeneity and anisotropy of CMR images. Geometry-based approaches rely on idealized models and over-simplified assumptions...
2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
Takeshi Kawamata, Toru Tsukada, Muneaki Matsubara, Shinya Kanemoto, Yutaka Watanabe, Motoo Osaka, Yuji Hiramatsu
We report a case of successful aortic valve replacement and relief of right and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction 8 years after an arterial switch operation for double outlet right ventricle. Since the surgical access to the ascending aorta was limited because of the anatomical feature and the adhesion after the arterial switch operation, arterial infusion site for cardiopulmonary bypass was secured at the right common carotid artery ahead of the sternal re-entry. After cardiopulmonary bypass was established, the right pulmonary artery was divided and then dissection of the ascending aorta was completed to secure the space for aortic valve replacement...
August 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Kevin E Boczar, Mohammed Alam, Benjamin J W Chow, Girish Dwivedi
PURPOSE: Previous studies have demonstrated that left atrial (LA) volume has incremental prognostic value in predicting major adverse cardiac events (MACE). However, the predictive ability of LA volume in mid diastasis has not been investigated. We determined the incremental predictive value of LA volume indexed to body surface area (LAVi) measured in mid ventricular diastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 patients with MACE (all-cause mortality and nonfatal myocardial infarction) were matched to 96 controls without adverse events on follow-up...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Qi Zhang, Bin Gao, Yu Chang
BACKGROUND The BJUT-II VAD is a novel left ventricular assist device (LVAD), which is thought to have significant effects on the characteristics of aortic swirling flow. However, the precise mechanism of the rotational direction of BJTU-II VAD in the aortic swirling flow is unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS A patient-specific aortic geometric model was reconstructed based on the CT data. Three pump's output flow profiles with varied rotational direction, termed "counterclockwise", "flat profile", and "clockwise", were used as the boundary conditions...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Shuang Leng, Meng Jiang, Xiao-Dan Zhao, John Carson Allen, Ghassan S Kassab, Rong-Zhen Ouyang, Ju-Le Tan, Ben He, Ru-San Tan, Liang Zhong
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is known to be highly correlated with mortality and morbidity; nevertheless, imaging-based assessment of RV anatomy and physiology lags far behind that of the left ventricle. In this study, we advance RV imaging using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) to accomplish the following aims: (i) track the motion of six tricuspid annular (TA) sites using a semi-automatic tracking system; (ii) extract clinically important TA measurements-systolic velocity (Sm), early diastolic velocity (Em), late diastolic velocity (Am), and TA plane systolic excursion (TAPSE)-for each TA site and compare these CMR-derived measurements in healthy subjects vs...
July 19, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"