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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786900/avian-demographic-responses-to-drought-and-fire-a-community-level-perspective
#1
James F Saracco, Stephen M Fettig, George L San Miguel, David W Mehlman, Steven K Albert
Drought stress is an important consideration for wildlife in arid and semi-arid regions under climate change. Drought can impact plant and animal populations directly, through effects on their physiology, as well as indirectly through effects on vegetation productivity and resource availability, and by creating conditions conducive to secondary disturbance, such as wildfire. We implemented a novel approach to understanding community-level demographic responses of birds and their habitats to these stressors in the context of climate change at 14 study sites in the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States...
May 22, 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786584/effect-of-atmospheric-technogenic-emissions-on-health-indicators-of-child-population
#2
Olha M Toronchenko, Viktor I Bredun, Natalia O Smoliar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The identification of scientifically grounded dependency of the atmospheric pollution effect on the health level of the child population within particular area makes it possible to assess the degree of district environmental safety and provides the possibility for implementation of targeted programs and risk preventing strategies associated with atmospheric emissions. The aim of the study is to assess the dependence of child morbidity rate development caused by atmospheric chemical pollution, which resulted from the stationary and mobile sources activity in terms of the Poltava region (Ukraine) as a model...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785607/green-certification-e-commerce-and-low-carbon-economy-for-international-tourist-hotels
#3
Long-Fei Chen
Increasing population and over-consumption are placing unprecedented demands on agriculture and natural resources. The Earth is suffering from global warning and environmental destruction while our agricultural systems are concurrently degrading land, water, biodiversity, and climate on a global scale. For a sustainable future, green certification, e-commerce, and environment education can boost low-carbon economy with decreasing carbon emissions, but very few researches address them for the hotel industry...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785595/a-preliminary-investigation-on-water-quality-of-coalbed-natural-gas-produced-water-for-beneficial-uses-a-case-study-in-the-southern-qinshui-basin-north-china
#4
Zheng Zhang, Yong Qin
Coalbed natural gas (CBNG) is an important unconventional natural gas resource with large reserves in China and receives much attention these years. The CBNG production is accomplished by extracting large volumes of produced water from the aquifer. The CBNG-produced water is commonly managed by discharging into nearby disposal ponds in the Southern Qinshui Basin (SQB), which provides an opportunity for water source for nearby irrigation, livestock, wildlife, and human drinking water. However, utilization of this nontraditional water source in the SQB is hindered by limited knowledge of water quality, practically oxidation/reduction potential (OPR), electrical conductivity (EC), sodium adsorption ration (SAR), and trace element chemistry data...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785502/comparative-persistence-of-human-sewage-specific-enterococcal-bacteriophages-in-freshwater-and-seawater
#5
Namfon Booncharoen, Skorn Mongkolsuk, Kwanrawee Sirikanchana
Enterococcus faecalis bacteria have been recently reported for their ability to host bacteriophages that are specifically from human sewage, suggesting their application to track human fecal contamination in water resources. However, little is known about the survivability of sewage-specific enterococcal bacteriophages in various water matrices under ambient and storage conditions. In this study, bacteriophages that were derived from the Thailand-isolated E. faecalis strains AIM06 and SR14 exhibited morphologies consistent with the Siphoviridae, Podoviridae, and Myoviridae families...
May 21, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785338/coarse-and-fine-scale-patterns-of-distribution-and-habitat-selection-places-an-amazonian-floodplain-curassow-in-double-jeopardy
#6
Gabriel A Leite, Izeni P Farias, André L S Gonçalves, Joseph E Hawes, Carlos A Peres
Patterns of habitat selection are influenced by local productivity, resource availability, and predation risk. Species have taken millions of years to hone the macro- and micro-habitats they occupy, but these may now overlap with contemporary human threats within natural species ranges. Wattled Curassow ( Crax globulosa ), an endemic galliform species of the western Amazon, is threatened by both hunting and habitat loss, and is restricted to white-water floodplain forests of major Amazonian rivers. In this study conducted along the Juruá River, Amazonas, Brazil, we quantified the ranging ecology and fine-scale patterns of habitat selection of the species...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785034/trophic-overlap-between-expanding-and-contracting-fish-predators-in-a-range-margin-undergoing-change
#7
Mats Westerbom, Antti Lappalainen, Olli Mustonen, Alf Norkko
Climate change is predicted to cause a freshening of the Baltic Sea, facilitating range expansions of freshwater species and contractions of marine. Resident marine flounders (Platichthys flesus) and expansive freshwater roach (Rutilus rutilus) are dominant consumers in the Baltic Sea sublittoral where they occur in partial sympatry. By comparing patterns of resource use by flounders and roach along a declining resource gradient of blue mussels (Mytilus trossulus) our aim was to explore predator functional responses and the degree of trophic overlap...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783196/activity-concentrations-of-238-u-and-226-ra-in-two-european-black-shales-and-their-experimentally-derived-leachates
#8
Franziska D H Wilke, Georg Schettler, Andrea Vieth-Hillebrand, Michael Kühn, Heike Rothe
The production of gas from unconventional resources became an important position in the world energy economics. In 2012, the European Commission's Joint Research Centre estimate 16 trillion cubic meters (Tcm) of technically recoverable shale gas in Europe. Taking into account that the exploitation of unconventional gas can be accompanied by serious health risks due to the release of toxic chemical components and natural occurring radionuclides into the return flow water and their near-surface accumulation in secondary precipitates, we investigated the release of U, Th and Ra from black shales by interaction with drilling fluids containing additives that are commonly employed for shale gas exploitation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782373/compliance-and-high-reliability-in-a-complex-healthcare-organization
#9
Maxine dellaBadia Simon
When considering the impact of regulation on healthcare, visualize a spider's web. The spider weaves sections together to create the whole, with each fiber adding to the structure to support its success or lead to its failure. Each section is dependent on the others, and all must be aligned to maintain the structure. Outside forces can cause a shift in the web's fragile equilibrium.The interdependence of the sections of the spider's web is similar to the way hospital departments and services work together. An organization's structure must be shaped to support its mission and vision...
2018: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781997/antimicrobial-peptides-produced-by-selective-pressure-incorporation-of-non-canonical-amino-acids
#10
Jessica H Nickling, Tobias Baumann, Franz-Josef Schmitt, Maike Bartholomae, Oscar P Kuipers, Thomas Friedrich, Nediljko Budisa
Nature has a variety of possibilities to create new protein functions by modifying the sequence of the individual amino acid building blocks. However, all variations are based on the 20 canonical amino acids (cAAs). As a way to introduce additional physicochemical properties into polypeptides, the incorporation of non-canonical amino acids (ncAAs) is increasingly used in protein engineering. Due to their relatively short length, the modification of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides by ncAAs is particularly attractive...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781774/a-perfect-storm-challenges-encountered-by-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-during-natural-disasters
#11
Allison Gibson, Jessica Walsh, Lisa M Brown
Since Hurricane Katrina there has been a movement across the U.S. to examine best practice for disaster response within the aging population. However, little is known about the experience of natural disasters from the perspective of family caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (ADRD). In this exploratory, qualitative study, family caregivers (n=27) were interviewed about their experience with the historic 2015 South Carolina flood. By using thematic analysis, themes were identified to better understand what unique challenges caregivers of person with ADRD experienced...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781706/launch-of-an-infrastructure-for-health-research-bbmri-eric
#12
Jan-Eric Litton
Biobanking and BioMolecular resources Research Infrastructure (BBMRI)- European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) is the largest infrastructure launched in Europe in health research. By nature it is a distributed infrastructure, in which biological samples and data are hosted by the European Member States biobanks. As of today, BBMRI-ERIC consists of 19 European Member States and 1 international organization, the International Agency for Research on Cancer. This means that BBMRI-ERIC has a population of >500 million individuals in Europe...
May 21, 2018: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781691/enabling-factors-for-specialist-outreach-in-western-kwazulu-natal
#13
Robert I Caldwell, Merridy Grant, Bernard Gaede, Colleen Aldous
BACKGROUND: There exists a major disparity in access to specialist care between patients in urban and rural areas. Specialists are a scarce resource and are concentrated in urban areas. Specialist outreach attempts to fill the gap in service provision for patients situated remotely. While there is international evidence that multifaceted specialist outreach has achieved varying levels of success, factors that influence the effectiveness of outreach have not yet been fully elucidated in South Africa...
May 17, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781413/drivers-potentially-influencing-host-bat-fly-interactions-in-anthropogenic-neotropical-landscapes-at-different-spatial-scales
#14
Jacqueline Hernández-Martínez, Juan B Morales-Malacara, Mariana Yolotl Alvarez-Añorve, Sergio Amador-Hernández, Ken Oyama, Luis Daniel Avila-Cabadilla
The anthropogenic modification of natural landscapes, and the consequent changes in the environmental conditions and resources availability at multiple spatial scales can affect complex species interactions involving key-stone species such as bat-parasite interactions. In this study, we aimed to identify the drivers potentially influencing host-bat fly interactions at different spatial scales (at the host, vegetation stand and landscape level), in a tropical anthropogenic landscape. For this purpose, we mist-netted phyllostomid and moormopid bats and collected the bat flies (streblids) parasitizing them in 10 sites representing secondary and old growth forest...
May 21, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780584/opening-the-black-box-of-spring-water-microbiology-from-alpine-karst-aquifers-to-support-proactive-drinking-water-resource-management
#15
REVIEW
Domenico Savio, Philipp Stadler, Georg H Reischer, Alexander K T Kirschner, Katalin Demeter, Rita Linke, Alfred P Blaschke, Regina Sommer, Ulrich Szewzyk, Inés C Wilhartitz, Robert L Mach, Hermann Stadler, Andreas H Farnleitner
Over the past 15 years, pioneering interdisciplinary research has been performed on the microbiology of hydrogeologically well-defined alpine karst springs located in the Northern Calcareous Alps (NCA) of Austria. This article gives an overview on these activities and links them to other relevant research. Results from the NCA springs and comparable sites revealed that spring water harbors abundant natural microbial communities even in aquifers with high water residence times and the absence of immediate surface influence...
May 2018: WIREs. Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780376/diversity-novelty-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-endophytic-actinobacteria-from-mangrove-plants-in-beilun-estuary-national-nature-reserve-of-guangxi-china
#16
Zhong-Ke Jiang, Li Tuo, Da-Lin Huang, Ilya A Osterman, Anton P Tyurin, Shao-Wei Liu, Dmitry A Lukyanov, Petr V Sergiev, Olga A Dontsova, Vladimir A Korshun, Fei-Na Li, Cheng-Hang Sun
Endophytic actinobacteria are one of the important pharmaceutical resources and well known for producing different types of bioactive substances. Nevertheless, detection of the novelty, diversity, and bioactivity on endophytic actinobacteria isolated from mangrove plants are scarce. In this study, five different mangrove plants, Avicennia marina, Aegiceras corniculatum, Kandelia obovota, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza , and Thespesia populnea , were collected from Beilun Estuary National Nature Reserve in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778952/-too-much-of-a-good-thing-the-role-of-advanced-eco-learning-and-contingency-factors-on-the-relationship-between-corporate-environmental-and-financial-performance
#17
Hengky Latan, Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa Jabbour, Douglas William Scott Renwick, Samuel Fosso Wamba, Muhammad Shahbaz
Inspired by the natural-resource-based view (NRBV) theory, we attempt to shed light on a controversy which has been persistent over the last decade, concerning the relationship between corporate environmental performance (CEP) and corporate financial performance (CFP). Using the 'too-much-of-a-good-thing' (TMGT) concept, which suggests that "too much can be worse than too little," we link mixed results and consider the roles of advanced eco-learning and contingency factors in influencing the CEP-CFP relationship...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777606/human-capital-and-self-entrepreneurship-the-concept-of-robbed-time
#18
Alessio Musio
The notions of ″human capital″ and ″self-entrepreneurship″ are by now widespread. The present work takes a critical look at their pervasive acceptance and stresses the self-exploitation to which they give rise. The concept of self-entrepreneurship needs to take into account, in fact, the nature of a revolution in temporal phenomenology. This revolution not only blurs the distinction between time dedicated to life and time dedicated to one's profession. It means that time spent on whatever is traditionally irrelevant to work is potentially time robbed from successful self-entrepreneurship...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777519/combination-glucose-lowering-therapy-plans-in-t2dm-case-based-considerations
#19
REVIEW
Lawrence Blonde, Susana Dipp, Daniel Cadena
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disease, and while lifestyle interventions remain the cornerstone of therapy, most patients will also require pharmacotherapy. Current diabetes treatment guidelines and algorithms recommend an individualized approach to setting glycemic goals and selecting treatment. Although a single antihyperglycemic agent may be appropriate as the initial T2DM pharmacotherapy, the progressive nature of the disease due to declining pancreatic β-cell function will result in the vast majority of T2DM patients eventually requiring two or more antihyperglycemic agents...
May 18, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776927/ecological-engineering-helps-maximize-function-in-algal-oil-production
#20
Sara L Jackrel, Anita Narwani, Bastian Bentlage, Robert B Levine, David C Hietala, Phillip E Savage, Todd H Oakley, Vincent J Denef, Bradley J Cardinale
Algal biofuels have the potential to curb emissions of greenhouse gases from fossil fuels, but current growing methods fail to produce fuels that meet the multiple standards necessary for economical industrial use. For example, algae grown as monocultures for biofuel production have not simultaneously and economically achieved high yields of the high-quality, lipid-rich biomass desired for the industrial-scale production of bio-oil. Decades of study in the field of ecology have demonstrated that simultaneous increases in multiple functions, such as the quantity and quality of biomass, can occur in natural ecosystems by increasing biological diversity...
May 18, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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