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Talar dome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666996/comparison-of-t2-relaxation-values-in-subtalar-cartilage-between-patients-with-lateral-instability-of-the-ankle-joint-and-healthy-volunteers
#1
Hyun Su Kim, Young Cheol Yoon, Ki Sun Sung, Min-Ji Kim, Soohyun Ahn
PURPOSE: To evaluate the difference between T2 relaxation values of the subtalar cartilage in lateral ankle instability patients and healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This institutional review board-approved study included 27 preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of 26 patients who underwent Broström operations. Data of previously enrolled healthy volunteers (12 volunteers, 13 MRIs) were used as controls. Two radiologists independently measured T2 values in eight posterior subtalar joint cartilage compartments: central calcaneus anterior (CCA) and posterior (CCP), central talus anterior (CTA) and posterior (CTP), lateral calcaneus anterior (LCA) and posterior (LCP), and lateral talus anterior (LTA) and posterior (LTP)...
April 17, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657474/analysis-of-a-generic-talar-prosthetic-with-a-biological-talus-a-cadaver-study
#2
Alexandra N Trovato, Troy D Bornes, Marwan El-Rich, Sukhvinder S Dhillon, Samer Adeeb, Nadr M Jomha
Treatment for talar avascular necrosis is challenging. This study evaluates the feasibility of a generic talar implant by cadaveric assessment. Ten cadaveric ankles were CT-scanned to determine talar implant size. The opposite ankles were CT-scanned with the biological talus and then with the implant. 3D ankle geometry was reconstructed and implant position was compared to the biological talus position. The averages among specimens' positive and negative average-deviations were 0.91 mm and 0.70 mm. Seventy percent of talar dome deviations between the biological talus and implant were within an acceptable range...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652193/relationship-between-bone-marrow-lesions-on-mri-and-cartilage-degeneration-in-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talar-dome
#3
Tomoyuki Nakasa, Yasunari Ikuta, Mikiya Sawa, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Yusuke Tsuyuguchi, Yuki Ota, Munekazu Kanemitsu, Nobuo Adachi
BACKGROUND: In the evaluation of osteochondral lesions of the talar dome (OLT), bone marrow lesions (BML) are commonly observed in the subchondral bone on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, the significance of BML, such as the histology of the overlying cartilage, is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the BML and cartilage degeneration in OLT. METHODS: Thirty-three ankles with OLT were included in this study...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624081/metal-resurfacing-inlay-implant-for-osteochondral-talar-defects-after-failed-previous-surgery-a-midterm-prospective-follow-up-study
#4
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Mikel L Reilingh, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Inge C M van Eekeren, Rogier M Gerards, C Niek van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Treatment of osteochondral talar defects (OCDs) after failed previous surgery is challenging. Promising short-term results have been reported with use of a metal resurfacing inlay implant. PURPOSE: To evaluate the midterm clinical effectiveness of the metal implant for OCDs of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: We prospectively studied all patients who met the inclusion criteria and received a metal resurfacing inlay implant between 2007 and 2014...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456078/transmalleolar-approach-for-arthroscopy-assisted-headless-screw-fixation-of-an-osteochondral-talar-dome-fracture
#5
Ebrahim Izadi, Rahij Anwar, Sarah Phillips, Venu Kavarthapu
Displaced osteochondral fractures of the body of talus quite often require a malleolar osteotomy to gain access to the fracture fragment during internal fixation. We describe a case report in which access to a displaced osteochondral fracture of the lateral talar dome was achieved using an arthroscopy-assisted fibular tunnel approach. This technique resulted in satisfactory fracture healing and a satisfactory clinical outcome.
February 15, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430056/osteochondral-lesion-of-the-distal-tibial-plafond-in-an-adolescent-soccer-player-a-case-report
#6
Melissa Corso, Christopher DeGraauw, William Hsu
Introduction: Osteochondral lesions of the tibial plafond account for approximately 2.6% of osteochondral lesions in the ankle. There are few cases describing this lesion in the literature, with little information on mechanism of injury, history/physical findings or recommendations for management. Case Presentation: A 17-year-old male competitive soccer player presented with a 6-7 month history of medial ankle pain after an inversion sprain. He presented with locking and giving way of the ankle with weight-bearing and pushing off the foot to the contralateral side...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398212/ankle-arthroscopy-for-diagnosis-of-full-thickness-talar-cartilage-lesions-in-the-setting-of-acute-ankle-fractures
#7
Rachael J Da Cunha, Sydney C Karnovsky, William Schairer, Mark C Drakos
PURPOSE: To delineate the prevalence of chondral lesions, in particular full-thickness talar dome lesions, with concurrent arthroscopy in acute ankle fracture open reduction-internal fixation (ORIF) and evaluate the impact on clinical outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of prospectively collected registry data at our institution from 2012 to 2016. Consecutive patients who underwent acute ankle fracture ORIF with concurrent arthroscopy were identified...
February 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384947/usefulness-of-black-boundary-artifact-on-opposed-phase-imaging-from-turbo-spin-echo-two-point-mdixon-mri-for-delineation-of-an-arthroscopically-confirmed-small-fracture-of-the-lateral-talar-dome-a-case-report
#8
Eun Hae Park, Kwang-Bok Lee
RATIONALE: A nondisplaced chip fracture can be missed on MRI. Opposed-phase imaging from mDixon MRI produces an interesting artifact called black boundary artifact. This artifact can provide better contrast at the fracture line resulting in better depiction of a small chip fracture on MRI. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of small nondisplaced chip fracture at the lateral talar dome that was well delineated only with the aid of a black boundary artifact after using T2-weighted opposed-phase imaging from turbo spin-echo two-point modified Dixon ankle MRI...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349665/following-the-correction-of-varus-deformity-of-the-knee-through-total-knee-arthroplasty-significant-compensatory-changes-occur-not-only-at-the-ankle-and-subtalar-joint-but-also-at-the-foot
#9
Bi O Jeong, Tae Yong Kim, Jong Hun Baek, Hyuk Jung, Seung Hyun Song
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess radiological changes of the ankle joint, subtalar joint and foot following the correction of varus deformity of the knee with total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It was hypothesized that following the correction of varus deformity by TKA, compensatory reactions would occur at the subtalar joint in accordance with the extent of the correction. METHODS: For this prospective study, 375 knees of patients who underwent TKA between 2011 and 2012 were enrolled...
January 18, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312872/weight-bearing-cone-beam-ct-scan-versus-gravity-stress-radiography-for-analysis-of-supination-external-rotation-injuries-of-the-ankle
#10
John M Marzo, Melissa A Kluczynski, Corey Clyde, Mark J Anders, Christopher E Mutty, Christopher A Ritter
For AO 44-B2 ankle fractures of uncertain stability, the current diagnostic standard is to obtain a gravity stress radiograph, but some have advocated for the use of weight-bearing radiographs. The primary aim was to compare measures of medial clear space (MCS) on weight-bearing cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans versus gravity stress radiographs for determining the state of stability of ankle fractures classified as AO SER 44-B2 or Weber B. The secondary aim was to evaluate the details offered by CBCT scans with respect to other findings that may be relevant to patient care...
December 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277363/anatomic-feature-of-deltoid-ligament-attachment-in-posteromedial-osteochondral-lesion-of-talar-dome
#11
Tomoyuki Nakasa, Mikiya Sawa, Yasunari Ikuta, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Yusuke Tsuyuguchi, Nobuo Adachi
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT) are recognized as being commonly associated with trauma. However, the etiology of OLT remains unclear. In the case of a posteromedial lesion of OLT (medial OLT), the deep layer of the deltoid ligament is located close to the medial OLT, and this relationship between a medial lesion and deltoid ligament could be a risk factor for medial OLT. The purpose of this study is to investigate the unique anatomic feature of the deep deltoid attachment to the talus in patients with medial OLT compared with patients with non-medial OLT...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202990/biological-reconstruction-of-large-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talar-dome-with-a-modified-sandwich-technique-midterm-results
#12
Boguslaw Sadlik, Lukasz Kolodziej, Adrian Blasiak, Mateusz Szymczak, Bartłomiej Warchal
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment for large osteochondral lesions of the talar dome (OLTD) must restore the convexity and curvature of the talus. Here, we present midterm results and describe the modified "sandwich" reconstruction procedure. Bone defects were restored using a biological inlay consists of autologous bone chips that were mixed with bone marrow concentrate and fibrin glue and covered with a xenogeneic collagen membrane infiltrated with bone marrow concentrate and stabilized by fibrin glue...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174207/detection-of-the-tram-track-lesion-in-the-ankle-joint-comparing-3-0-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-arthroscopy
#13
Dong Woo Shim, Sungjun Kim, Yeokgu Hwang, Yunjae Lee, Jin Woo Lee, Seung Hwan Han
PURPOSE: To show the effectiveness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of tram track lesions in the ankle compared with ankle arthroscopy. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed all patients who underwent arthroscopic ankle surgery between January 2013 and July 2015. Patients with anterior impingement spurs were included, but those with an osteochondral lesion or arthritis were excluded. Anterior ankle bony spurs on preoperative weight-bearing radiographs were scored using an impingement classification system...
November 21, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171977/ultrasonographic-measurements-of-the-metacarpophalangeal-and-talar-cartilage-thicknesses-a-reliability-study-in-healthy-subjects
#14
Şule Şahin Onat, Ayşe Merve Ata, Simão Serrano, Shaw-Gang Shyu, João Constantino, Süha Yalçın, Cengiz Açıkel, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the joint cartilage using ultrasound (US) imaging is important. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the reliabilities of ultrasonographic measurements for talus dome (TCT) and metacarpal cartilage thicknesses (MCT). METHODS: Twenty healthy volunteers were recruited in the study. Every day, five physiatrists measured eight joint cartilage thicknesses. They repeated all the measurements in five consecutive days. RESULTS: Intra-observer intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values were "excellent" for all MCTs, except for the 3rd left MCT on the 1st day, 4th left MCT on the 1st day and 4th right MCT on the 3rd day which were "good"...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079263/accessibility-of-the-talar-dome-anatomic-comparison-of-plantarflexion-versus-noninvasive-distraction-in-arthroscopy
#15
Lena Hirtler, Reinhard Schuh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in accessibility of the talar dome during ankle arthroscopy between noninvasive distraction and maximum plantar flexion without distraction. METHODS: For this study, 20 matched pairs (n = 40) of anatomic ankle specimens were used. Two groups (distraction or maximum plantar flexion) were defined. Through the use of chondral picks, the accessibility of each technique was tested arthroscopically. Afterward, the ankle joint was dissected and the reach achieved was measured and compared between the 2 groups...
October 24, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016192/added-value-of-preoperative-computed-tomography-for-determining-cartilage-degeneration-in-patients-with-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talar-dome
#16
Tomoyuki Nakasa, Yasunari Ikuta, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Mikiya Sawa, Yusuke Tsuyuguchi, Nobuo Adachi
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral lesions of the talar dome (OLTs) involve the articular cartilage and subchondral bone. The subchondral bone plate (SBP) plays a crucial role in cartilage metabolism, and computed tomography (CT) can provide more precise information on subchondral bone. CT image prediction of the histological findings on OLT will be useful to determine the most appropriate therapeutic strategy. PURPOSE: To evaluate the unique features of the CT findings that relate to the condition of the articular cartilage in OLT...
January 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979588/management-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talar-dome
#17
Chamnanni Rungprai, Joshua N Tennant, Ryan D Gentry, Phinit Phisitkul
Osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT) is a common condition associated with ankle injury that brings challenges in the diagnosis and treatment. Symptoms related to this condition are nonspecific including pain, swelling, stiffness, and mechanical symptoms of locking and catching. While the natural history of the OLTs is not well understood, surgical treatment is often required especially in chronic cases and acute cases with displaced articular fragments. Arthroscopic treatment of the OLTs aims to restore ankle joint function and pain relief by the removal of the chondral or osteochondral fragment, debridement and stabilization of cartilage rim and subchondral bone, and stimulate healing of the bone and damaged cartilage...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952792/comparison-of-ankle-joint-visualization-between-the-70%C3%A2-and-30%C3%A2-arthroscopes-a-cadaveric-study
#18
Ichiro Tonogai, Fumio Hayashi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Koichi Sairyo
Ankle arthroscopy is an important diagnostic and therapeutic tool. Arthroscopic ankle surgery for anterior ankle impingement or osteochondral lesions (OCLs) is mostly performed with a 30° arthroscope; however, visualization of lesions is sometimes difficult. This study sought to compare ankle joint visualization between 70° and 30° arthroscopes and clarify the effectiveness of 70° arthroscopy. Standard anterolateral and anteromedial portals were placed with 4-mm 70° or 30° angled arthroscopes in a fresh 77-year-old male cadaveric ankle...
February 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882059/mri-evaluation-of-ligaments-and-tendons-of-foot-arch-in-talar-dome-osteochondral-lesions
#19
Ali Koç, Özgür Karabiyik
Background There are no publications in literature describing an association between disorders of the ligaments and tendons supporting the foot arch and osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLT). We believe there may be a correlation between the damage of these structures. Purpose To investigate the pathologies of main ligaments and tendons that support the foot arch in sprained ankles, by reviewing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies and comparing the results in two groups of patients, with and without OCLT...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843549/defining-talar-head-and-neck-pathology-the-malvern-classification-system
#20
REVIEW
Christopher Robin Hood, Jason Roy Miller, Josuha Kevin Hollinger
Talar fractures account for <1% of all fractures in the body and 3% to 6% of pedal fractures. Of these fractures, avulsion and neck fractures represent the most and second most common type, respectively. Several classification systems exist for talar fractures of the talar dome (Berndt-Hardy), talar neck dislocation (Hawkins), and talar body (Sneppen) anatomic locations. Although diverse, they are not all encompassing for fracture patterns of the talus. Another set of pathologic issues occur about the talar head and neck region that can be seen in the clinical setting...
January 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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