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Postoperative adhesions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331260/multifaceted-behavior-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-children
#1
Qingjiang Chen, Zhigang Gao, Lifeng Zhang, Yuebin Zhang, Tao Pan, Duote Cai, Qixing Xiong, Qiang Shu, Yunzhong Qian
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is one of the most common congenital malformations of gastrointestinal tract in children. However, the nonspecific clinical manifestations of MD often cause a diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenge to pediatric surgeon. This study aimed to review our experience in managing this disease while evaluating the management strategies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of all patients diagnosed with MD admitted to our center between January 2010 and December 2015...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325950/a-novel-technique-for-cervical-laminoplasty-fusion-clpf-simultaneously-enhancing-stabilization-and-decompression-in-various-cervical-myelopathies-a-technical-note-and-outcomes
#2
Il Sup Kim, Jae Taek Hong, Jung Jae Lee, Jong Bum Lee, Chul Bum Cho, Seung Ho Yang, Jae Hoon Sung
PURPOSE: Cervical laminectomy has two major disadvantages: post-laminectomy adhesion of dural membrane and the lack of a fusion bed. The objective of this study was to determine whether simultaneous laminoplasty with fusion (CLPF) might overcome these unwanted outcomes. METHODS: Cases of CLPF for treating various cervical myelopathy with instability who were followed up for at least 12 months were enrolled. Preoperative and postoperative Neck Disability Index (NDI), Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores before and after surgeries, recovery rates (RRs), C2-7 lordosis, and fusion success rates were evaluated...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325513/use-of-methylene-blue-in-the-prevention-of-recurrent-intra-abdominal-postoperative-adhesions
#3
Octavian C Neagoe, Mihaela Ionica, Octavian Mazilu
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of methylene blue in preventing recurrent symptomatic postoperative adhesions. Methods Patients with a history of >2 surgeries for intra-abdominal adhesion-related complications were selected for this study. Adhesiolysis surgery was subsequently performed using administration of 1% methylene blue. The follow-up period was 28.5 ± 11.1 months. Results Data were available from 20 patients (seven men and 13 women) whose mean ± SD age was 51.2 ± 11.4 years. Adhesions took longer to become symptomatic after the first abdominal surgery when the initial pathology was malignant compared with benign...
January 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321630/engineered-mesenchymal-stem-cell-sheets-patches-prevents-postoperative-pancreatic-leakage-in-a-rat-model
#4
Seong-Ryong Kim, Hye-Jin Yi, Yu Na Lee, Ji Yoon Park, Robert M Hoffman, Teruo Okano, In Kyong Shim, Song Cheol Kim
Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) following pancreatic resection is a life-threatening surgical complication. Cell sheets were prepared and harvested using temperature-responsive culture dishes and transplanted as patches to seal POPF. Two different mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) sheets were compared in terms of the preventative ability for pancreatic leakage in a rat model. Both rat adipose-derived stem cell (rADSC) and bone marrow-derived stem cell (rBMSC) sheets were transplanted. Those rADSC and rBMSC sheets are created without enzymes and thus maintained their cell-cell junctions and adhesion proteins with intact fibronectin on the basal side, as well as characteristics of MSCs...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319014/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy-the-first-indian-report
#5
Arvind Kumar, Belal Bin Asaf, Harsh Vardhan Puri, Manish Kumar Sharma, Vijay C Lingaraju, Vimesh S Rajput
INTRODUCTION: The fear of pleural adhesions and densely stuck lymph nodes in India, a country where tuberculosis is endemic, is one major factor keeping our surgeons away from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. In this paper, we aim to report our experience with performing VATS lobectomy in 102 cases using a standardised three-port anterior approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2012 and September 2016, we performed 102 VATS lobectomies...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315183/middle-fossa-approach-for-cochlear-implantation
#6
Wojciech Gawęcki, Michał Karlik, Łukasz Borucki, Maciej Wróbel, Olgierd Maciej Stieler, Witold Szyfter
OBJECTIVE: To present qualification criteria, surgery, and results of cochlear implantation via the middle fossa approach. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of medical charts of patients. SETTING: Cochlear implant program in academic medical center. PATIENTS: Six adults after middle ear surgery due to chronic otitis media with bilateral deafness or profound hearing loss. INTERVENTION: Analysis aimed to identify patients qualified for cochlear implantation via middle fossa approach and to present surgery and result...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310409/analysis-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-complicated-cervical-severe-adhesion-atresia-after-removal-of-endometrial-stromal-nodule-a-case-report
#7
Rui Zhang, Pei Gu, Qi Liu, Bin Li, Wenpei Bai
RATIONALE: Endometrial stromal nodule (ESN) is a rare benign endometrial stroma tumor.Experiences are helpful for avoiding and treating similar postoperative complications (cervical adhesions and atresia). PATIENT CONCERNS: When appearing in the cervical, this tumor can easily lead to complications after the surgical resection. The diagnosis and postsurgery complication of a young woman's ESN was reported here. DIAGNOSES: The postoperative pathological diagnosis was ESN...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303907/macular-hole-hydrodissection-surgical-technique-for-the-treatment-of-persistent-chronic-and-large-macular-holes
#8
Tina Felfeli, Efrem D Mandelcorn
PURPOSE: To present a new technique, macular hole hydrodissection, that increases the likelihood of closure for challenging macular holes (MHs) with multiple risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective review of all consecutive eyes with idiopathic Stage 3 and 4 MHs that were either persistent (failed previous vitrectomy surgery), chronic (symptoms of central vision loss of ≥2 years or a clinical diagnosis for ≥1 year), and/or large (aperture diameter of ≥400 μm), having undergone the macular hole hydrodissection surgical technique between January 1, 2014, and May 1, 2017, from an institutional practice setting was conducted...
January 4, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303137/comparison-of-icodextrin-with-thymoquinone-a-new-hope-for-postoperative-adhesions
#9
Ö Yilmaz, R Kiziltan, S Çelik, S Yildirm, H H Alp, A Aras, Ç Kotan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of thymoquinone and icodextrin in rats within the framework of an experimental adhesion model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were separated into three groups: (1) a control group consisting of rats that had 2 ml of isotonic solution administered intraperitoneally, (2) an ICO group administered with 2 ml of 4% icodextrin, and (3) a TQ group administered thymoquinone (10 mg/kg), all following cecal abrasion...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289989/the-use-of-barbed-sutures-for-vaginal-cuff-closure-during-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#10
Su Mi Kim, Jong Min Baek, Jae Yen Song, Sung Jong Lee, Eun Kyung Park, Chan Joo Kim, Yong Seok Lee
PURPOSE: To compare surgical outcomes and complications of 334 women who underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy with or without the use of barbed sutures for vaginal cuff closure. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on a cohort of women who underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign gynecologic diseases at Dae-Jeon St. Mary's Hospital, between May 2009 and May 2016. Surgical outcomes and complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 334 women were included: 212 cases of vaginal cuff suture performed with traditional suture material and 122 cases of vaginal cuff suture performed with the barbed suture...
December 30, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280127/-three-methods-for-controlling-presacral-massive-bleeding-during-pelvic-operations
#11
Xiaoxue Wang, Zhimin Liu, Shangkui Xie, Donglin Ren, Yin'ai Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate three different methods for controlling presacral massive bleeding during pelvic operations. METHODS: Clinical data of 11 patients with presacral massive bleeding during pelvic operation at The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and 157 Branch Hospital of Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command from January 2001 to January 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Hemostasis methods for presacral massive bleeding during operation included gauze packing (whole pressure), drawing pin (local pressure) and absorbable gauze (absorbable gauze was adhered to bleeding position with medical glue after local pressure)...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279662/ct-scan-reliability-in-detecting-internal-hernia-after-gastric-bypass
#12
Mohammad A Farukhi, Michael S Mattingly, Benjamin Clapp, Alan H Tyroch
Background and Objectives: Internal hernia (IH) after gastric bypass can be a life-threatening complication. Obstruction presents acutely or as chronic relapses, with symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Early detection and exploration of IH as the cause of small bowel obstruction (SBO) is critical in this surgical emergency and can reduce morbidity and mortality. We conducted a retrospective review of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y bypass (LRYGB) records to determine the specificity and sensitivity of computed tomography (CT) in identifying postoperative IH...
October 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273378/safety-and-efficacy-of-preoperative-abdominal-aortic-balloon-occlusion-in-placenta-increta-and-or-percreta
#13
Wenjuan Sun, Shuhong Duan, Gang Xin, Juan Xiao, Fanzhen Hong, Haijie Hong, Yuange Wu, Yongping Xu
BACKGROUND: With the increase of cesarean deliveries globally, the incidence of placenta adhesive disorder has been on the rise greatly which is associated closely with maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. We sought to investigate the safety and efficacy of preoperative transfemoral balloon occlusion of abdominal aorta in cesarean section of women with placenta increta or percreta. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 31 patients with placenta increta or percreta diagnosed by ultrasound and/or magnetic resonance imaging...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258609/complete-remission-of-metastatic-pheochromocytoma-in-123i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-scintigraphy-after-a-single-session-of-131i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-therapy-a-case-report
#14
Teruaki Sugino, Ryosuke Ando, Rei Unno, Keitaro Iida, Taku Naiki, Shuzo Hamamoto, Kentaro Mizuno, Atsushi Okada, Yukihiro Umemoto, Noriyasu Kawai, Keiichi Tozawa, Yutaro Hayashi, Anri Inaki, Daiki Kayano, Seigo Kinuya, Takahiro Yasui
BACKGROUND: Pheochromocytomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors, with a malignancy frequency of approximately 10%. The treatment of malignant pheochromocytoma is palliative, and the traditional management strategy has limited efficacy. Furthermore, no clear criteria exist for the treatment of metastatic pheochromocytoma, especially for unresectable lesions. We report a case of complete remission of metastatic pheochromocytoma in 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy after a single session of 131I-MIBG therapy...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241988/disparities-in-operative-outcomes-in-patients-with-comorbid-mental-illness
#15
Elizabeth A Bailey, Christopher Wirtalla, Catherine E Sharoky, Rachel R Kelz
BACKGROUND: Patients with mental health disorders have worse medical outcomes and experience excess mortality compared with those without a mental health comorbidity. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between mental health comorbidities and surgical outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used the National Inpatient Sample (2009-2011) to select patients who underwent one of the 4 most common general surgery procedures (cholecystectomy and common duct exploration, colorectal resection, excision and lysis of peritoneal adhesions, and appendectomy)...
December 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240057/-experience-with-using-cyanoacrylate-glue-in-endovascular-treatment-of-varicose-veins
#16
E V Shaĭdakov, A Zh Mel'tsova, O Ia Porembskaia, E A Kudinova, D É Korzhevskiĭ, O V Kirik, E G Sukhorukova
The method of cyanoacrylate-mediated obliteration of subcutaneous veins is known to be an alternative to thermal endovascular obliteration and eliminates the need for tumescent anaesthesia. This technique is based on glue-induced damage to the venous intima, followed by immune response according to the delayed-type hypersensitivity principle. The authors report herein their first experience with using cyanoacrylate-mediated embolization in treatment of patients presenting with varicose veins. The operation was carried out using the VenaSeal closure system (Medtronic)...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239920/a-rare-complication-after-septoplasty-visual-loss-due-to-right-retinal-artery-spasm
#17
Celal Günay, Gökhan Altin, Burak Kersin, Mahmut Odabaşi
Septoplasty is a commonly used procedure for correcting septal cartilage deformities. Hemorrhage, abscesses, scaling, adhesions, and scar tissue are often seen after the operation of the septoplasty, but temporary or permanent visual loss due to local anesthetic use has been reported very rarely in the literature. The authors also aimed to present a female patient with retinal artery spasm in the right eye after septoplasty in this article. A 27-year-old female patient was admitted to the authors' clinic with long-standing nasal obstruction and postnasal drip...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236936/report-of-a-rare-case-and-review-of-adult-intestinal-duplication-at-the-opposite-side-of-mesenteric-margin
#18
Zhi-Hao Huang, Zi-Hao Wan, Vikash Vikash, Sindhu Vikash, Cong-Qing Jiang
CONTEXT: To study the previously discovered clinical entity of adult intestinal duplication and its treatment, and propose an extension to its existing classification. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an adult male with abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting. This patient underwent surgical separation of adhesions, reduction of torsion and intestinal decompression. Postoperative pathological findings confirmed the rare diagnosis of intestinal duplication. CONCLUSION: Adult intestinal duplication is quite rare...
December 7, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236600/benefit-of-intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-spinal-dysmorphism-split-cord-malformation-and-scoliosis
#19
Faisal R Jahangiri, Samir Al Sayegh, Moutasem Azzubi, Abdulrahman M Alrajhi, Monerah M Annaim, Shmoukh A Al Sharif, Tanweer Aziz, Sami Al Eissa
Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) consists of a group of neurodiagnostic techniques that assess the nervous system's functional integrity during surgical operations. A retrospective analysis of a pediatric female patient was conducted who underwent 12 operations for the correction of scoliosis, tethered cord, and split spinal cord wherein IONM played an important role. From age 3 to 6, she underwent six procedures including a release of the tethered cord, resection of the filum terminale, removal of a T11-T12 bony spur, release of L3 adhesions, repair of subcutaneous meningocele, and correction of scoliosis with a vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rod (VEPTR) technique without the use of IONM...
2017: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235130/melt-electrospun-bilayered-scaffolds-for-tissue-integration-of-a-suture-less-inflow-cannula-for-rotary-blood-pumps
#20
Sam Liao, Christina Theodoropoulos, Keith A Blackwood, Maria A Woodruff, Shaun D Gregory
Implantation of left ventricular assist devices typically requires cardiopulmonary bypass support, which is associated with postoperative complications. A novel suture-less inflow cannula, which can be implanted without bypass, uses mild myocardial compression to seal the interface, however, this may lead to necrosis of the myocardium. To circumvent this issue, a bilayered scaffold has been developed to promote tissue growth at the interface between cannula and myocardium. The bilayered scaffold consists of a silicone base layer, which mimics the seal, and a melt electrospun polycaprolactone scaffold to serve as a tissue integration layer...
December 13, 2017: Artificial Organs
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