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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334274/an-overview-of-robotic-mechanical-devices-for-post-stroke-thumb-rehabilitation
#1
Marian Suarez-Escobar, Elizabeth Rendon-Velez
PURPOSE: This article aims to clarify the current state-of-the-art of robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation as well as the anatomical characteristics and motions of the thumb that are crucial for the development of any device that aims to support its motion. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation. Specific electronic databases and well-defined search terms and inclusion/exclusion criteria were used for such purpose...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325962/systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-surgical-performance-practical-recommendations-for-microsurgical-procedures-in-neurosurgery
#2
Evgenii Belykh, Naomi R Onaka, Iraklii T Abramov, Kaan Yağmurlu, Vadim A Byvaltsev, Robert F Spetzler, Peter Nakaji, Mark C Preul
BACKGROUND: Microneurosurgical techniques involve complex manual skills and hand-eye coordination that require substantial training. Many factors affect microneurosurgical skills. The goal of this study was to use a systematic evidence-based approach to analyze the quality of evidence for intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence microneurosurgical performance and to make weighted practical recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of factors that may impact microsurgical performance was conducted using PubMed and Embase...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316092/a-cross-sectional-study-of-confidence-in-minor-surgical-skills-amongst-junior-dentists
#3
R M Keat, S A Sheik, M Thomas, R Albuquerque, K Hill
INTRODUCTION: To work in the National Health Service (NHS) as a dentist, the practitioner needs to be on the UK dental "performer's list". To apply for access to this list and work as a General Dental Practitioner (GDP), dentists must be qualified from the European Economic Area (EEA) or, those trained in the UK, must undertake Dental Foundation Training (DFT). Dentists interested in further taught learning or pursuing specialist training must continue working as "Dental Core Trainees" (DCTs)...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314751/emergency-airway-and-ventilator-procedures-for-community-based-home-care-staff-validation-of-an-educational-program
#4
Ann Marie Ramsey, Sarah Brennan, Adam Stricker, Kurt Riek, Dana Brown, Rachel Gurtowsky, Julie Sturza, Amy Goldstein Filbrun
BACKGROUND: Children discharged home with tracheostomy and chronic mechanical ventilator support are at high risk for complications and adverse events. Private duty nursing and home respiratory care services are a critical support necessary for successful discharge. The literature suggests that there are opportunities for home care staff (HCS) to improve upon the skills necessary to assess and intervene in an emergency thereby increasing the likelihood of improving long-term outcomes...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304194/the-montreal-augmentation-mammoplasty-operation-mamo-simulator-an-alternative-method-to-train-and-assess-competence-in-breast-augmentation-procedures
#5
Roy Kazan, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Shantale Cyr, Thomas M Hemmerling, Mirko S Gilardino
Background: Surgical residents' exposure to aesthetic procedures remains limited in residency training. The development of the Montreal Augmentation Mammoplasty Operation (MAMO) simulator aims to provide an adjunctive training method and assessment tool to complement the evolving competency-based surgical curriculum. Objectives: To perform face, content and construct validations of the MAMO simulator for subpectoral breast augmentation procedures and assess the reliability of the assessment scales used...
January 3, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296104/addressing-the-dual-health-epidemics-of-hiv-and-sexual-abuse-among-children-and-adolescents-in-kenya-uptake-of-hiv-counseling-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis
#6
Carolyne Ajema, Charity Mbugua, Peter Memiah, Camille Wood, Courtney Cook, Ronald Kotut, Lina Digolo
Purpose: Child sexual abuse and HIV are key health challenges in Kenya. In 2015, LVCT Health conducted a study aimed at assessing the quality of HIV-related services offered to child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities. Materials and methods: A qualitative data collection approach was utilized. Qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with 31 providers. Quantitative methods included a retrospective review of 164 records of child survivors of rape who had accessed services 6 months prior to the commencement of the study...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288789/see-do-teach-a-review-of-contemporary-literature-and-call-to-action-for-communication-skills-teaching-in-urology
#7
Kathleen Kieran, Norman M Jensen, Marcy Rosenbaum
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current state of published literature on communication skill teaching in urology in order to inform future directions for research and teaching. Excellent patient-physician communication skills increase understanding of medical conditions, facilitate shared decision making regarding treatment planning, improve clinical outcomes, and decrease lawsuits. Surgical and procedure-based subspecialties, including urology, have generally been slow to incorporate formal communication skill teaching into curricula for postgraduate trainees...
December 27, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287862/using-simulators-to-teach-pediatric-airway-procedures-in-an-international-setting
#8
Marissa A Schwartz, Katherine R Kavanagh, Steven J Frampton, Iain A Bruce, Tulio A Valdez
INTRODUCTION: There has been a growing shift towards endoscopic management of laryngeal procedures in pediatric otolaryngology. There still appears to be a shortage of pediatric otolaryngology programs and children's hospitals worldwide where physicians can learn and practice these skills. Laryngeal simulation models have the potential to be part of the educational training of physicians who lack exposure to relatively uncommon pediatric otolaryngologic pathology. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the utility of pediatric laryngeal models to teach laryngeal pathology to physicians at an international meeting...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286827/the-role-of-anxiety-in-simulation-based-dexterity-and-overall-performance-does-it-really-matter
#9
Fatema Dhaif, Georgios Paparoidamis, Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Efstratia-Maria Georgopoulou, Ismini Tsagkaraki, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Ferha Saeed, Theodoros Michail, Anastasios Tzavelas, Efstathios Kenanidis, Michael Potoupnis, Eleftherios Tsiridis, Apostolos Papalois
BACKGROUND: Essential Skills in the Management of Surgical Cases (ESMSC) is an international undergraduate surgical masterclass which combines ex vivo, dry lab and high fidelity in vivo simulation-based learning (SBL). It consists of 32 stations of skills-based learning, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of fractures. Current literature suggests early involvement in skills-based learning at the undergraduate level is vital. AIMS: To compare students' dexterity and skills-based performance with demographic and educational background parameters...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283653/award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-applied-research
#10
(no author information available yet)
This award is given to a psychologist whose research has led to important discoveries or developments in the field of applied psychology. To be eligible, this research should have led to innovative applications in an area of psychological practice, including but not limited to assessment, consultation, instruction, or intervention (either direct or indirect). Research involving the original development of procedures, methodologies, or technical skills that significantly improve the application of psychological knowledge and provide direct and immediate solutions to practical problem areas will be considered, as will research that has informed psychologists on how better to observe, define, predict, or control behavior...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282043/a-one-day-surgical-skill-training-course-for-medical-students-improved-surgical-skills-and-increased-interest-in-surgery-as-a-career
#11
Ho Seok Seo, Yong Hwa Eom, Min Ki Kim, Young-Min Kim, Byung Joo Song, Kyo Young Song
BACKGROUND: Despite many high-quality programs in basic surgical-skill education, the surgical skill of junior doctors varies widely. This, together with the waning interest in surgery as a career among medical students, is a serious issue confronted by hospitals and healthcare systems worldwide. We, therefore, developed and implemented an intensive one-day surgical-skill training course for two purposes; it would improve surgical skills and increase interest in surgery among medical students...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275827/simulation-and-deliberate-practice-in-a-porcine-model-for-congenital-heart-surgery-training
#12
Constantine D Mavroudis, Constantine Mavroudis, Jeffrey P Jacobs, William M DeCampli, James S Tweddell
BACKGROUND: Surgeons in training for congenital cardiac surgery face considerable challenges owing to procedure complexity, closely scrutinized outcomes, and a steep learning curve. Simulation methods have been initiated in other surgical specialties, but have yet to be established for congenital cardiac surgery trainees. The purpose of this study was to assess high-fidelity simulation as a method to train and improve skills of resident trainees learning critical components of index congenital cardiac surgical procedures...
December 21, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274009/the-effects-of-a-peer-delivered-social-skills-intervention-for-adults-with-comorbid-down-syndrome-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Matthew A Cody Davis, Amy Spriggs, Alexis Rodgers, Jonathan Campbell
Deficits in social skills are often exhibited in individuals with comorbid Down syndrome (DS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and there is a paucity of research to help guide intervention for this population. In the present study, a multiple probe study across behaviors, replicated across participants, assessed the effectiveness of peer-delivered simultaneous prompting in teaching socials skills to adults with DS-ASD using visual analysis techniques and Tau-U statistics to measure effect. Peer-mediators with DS and intellectual disability (ID) delivered simultaneous prompting sessions reliably (i...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259812/psychometric-evaluation-of-commonly-used-game-specific-skills-tests-in-rugby-a-systematic-review
#14
Sander Oorschot, Matthew Chiwaridzo, Bouwien Cm Smits-Engelsman
Objectives: To (1) give an overview of commonly used game-specific skills tests in rugby and (2) evaluate available psychometric information of these tests. Methods: The databases PubMed, MEDLINE CINAHL and Africa Wide information were systematically searched for articles published between January 1995 and March 2017. First, commonly used game-specific skills tests were identified. Second, the available psychometrics of these tests were evaluated and the methodological quality of the studies assessed using the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments checklist...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251835/child-and-family-characteristics-moderate-agreement-between-caregiver-and-clinician-report-of-autism-symptoms
#15
Emily Neuhaus, Theodore P Beauchaine, Raphael A Bernier, Sara J Webb
Rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and age at first diagnosis vary considerably across the United States and are moderated by children's sex, race, ethnicity, and availability of services. We additionally suggest that degree of caregiver-clinician agreement on ASD symptoms may play a role in ASD assessment. Since gold standard ASD assessment integrates caregiver-reported developmental history with clinician observations, differential agreement between reporters across demographic groups may contribute to a host of detrimental outcomes...
December 18, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250765/a-simple-non-biological-model-for-percutaneous-renal-access-training
#16
Ahsen Karagozlu Akgul, Dursun Unal, Murat Demirbas, Sedat Oner, Murat Ucar, Korhan Akgul, Muhammet Guzelsoy, Murat Aydos
PURPOSE: Percutaneous renal puncture (PRP) is one of the most important and critical step of urology, especially while performing percutaneous nephrostomy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). In the learning period of this procedures, there is a need for validated, effective, economical models for such training. This study describes a simple non - biological model for learning PRP. The aim was to determine the effectivity of this model as a training and assessment tool, and to assess its cost relative to other models...
December 17, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249616/using-simulation-to-enhance-education-regarding-epidural-analgesia-for-registered-nurses
#17
Monakshi Sawhney, Michelle Wong, Marian Luctkar-Flude, Linda Jussaume, Catherine Eadie, Richard Bowry, Rosemary Wilson
Registered nurses (RNs) receive didactic training regarding caring for patients receiving epidural analgesia. Although RNs are tested on their knowledge after this training, their ability to critically think through adverse events has not been assessed at our institution. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of simulation education for RNs regarding the assessment and management of patients receiving epidural analgesia. The study included an education intervention, which consisted of a 4-hour workshop...
December 14, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246590/developing-a-national-simulation-based-surgical-skills-bootcamp-in-general-thoracic-surgery
#18
Colin Schieman, Hideki Ujiie, Laura Donahoe, Waël Hanna, Richard Malthaner, Simon Turner, Kasia Czarnecka, Kazuhiro Yasufuku
BACKGROUND: The use surgical simulation across all subspecialties has gained widespread adoption in the last decade. A number of factors, including the small number of trainees, identified gaps in surgical skill training from cross-sectional surveys, increased national collaboration, and support from the national specialty committee identified a need to construct a surgical skills "bootcamp" in thoracic surgery in Canada. OBJECTIVE: The goals of the surgical skills bootcamp, as identified by the residency training program directors and the national specialty committee were to create a national, centralized, simulation-based skills workshop that focused on key foundational procedures within thoracic surgery, particularly those identified as areas of weakness by former residents; to smooth the transition to intraoperative teaching; to provide exposure to important but not necessarily universally available procedures such as advanced endoscopy; to teach non-medical expert competencies, and lastly to provide a venue for networking for residents across the country...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238979/evaluating-the-performance-diagnostic-checklist-human-services-to-assess-incorrect-error-correction-procedures-by-preschool-paraprofessionals
#19
Melissa Bowe, Tyra P Sellers
The Performance Diagnostic Checklist-Human Services (PDC-HS) has been used to assess variables contributing to undesirable staff performance. In this study, three preschool teachers completed the PDC-HS to identify the factors contributing to four paraprofessionals' inaccurate implementation of error-correction procedures during discrete trial training sessions. The PDC-HS indicated insufficient training as a contributing factor. We then implemented a nonindicated intervention (posting reminders), followed by an indicated intervention (behavioral skills training)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238645/the-effectiveness-of-bioskills-training-for-simulated-open-lumbar-laminectomy
#20
Barrett S Boody, Brett D Rosenthal, Tyler J Jenkins, Alpesh A Patel, Jason W Savage, Wellington K Hsu
Study Design: Randomized, prospective study within an orthopedic surgery resident program at a large urban academic medical center. Objectives: To develop an inexpensive, user-friendly, and reproducible lumbar laminectomy bioskills training module and evaluation protocol that can be readily implemented into residency training programs to augment the clinical education of orthopedic and neurosurgical physicians-in-training. Methods: Twenty participants comprising senior medical students and orthopedic surgical residents...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
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