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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348840/the-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-diabetes-mellitus-and-impaired-glucose-tolerance-among-tibetans-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Shaopeng Xu, Qing Wang, Jie Liu, Bo Bian, Xuefang Yu, Xiangdong Yu, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) has increased worldwide, although their prevalence and determinants among Tibetans are currently unknown. We thus aimed to explore the prevalence of and risk factors for DM and IGT among Tibetans in China. In 2011, 1659 Tibetan adults (aged ≥ 18 years) from Changdu, China, were recruited to this cross-sectional study. They completed a questionnaire and underwent physical examinations and laboratory testing to assess risk factors for DM and IGT...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344037/the-effects-of-ginger-on-fasting-blood-sugar-hemoglobin-a1c-and-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Motahareh Makhdoomi Arzati, Niyaz Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Siyamand Anvari, Mohammad Effatpanah, Raoofe Makhdoomi Arzati, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Rezvan Hashemi, Mahmoud Djalali
Background: Lipid and glycemic abnormalities are prevalent in diabetes leading to long term complications. Use of safe and natural foods instead of medications is now considered by many scientists. Objectives: This study aimed at determining the effect of ginger on lipid and glucose levels of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: In a double-blind placebo-controlled trial, 50 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly allocated to 2 groups of intervention (n = 25) and placebo (n = 25)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340036/the-association-between-elevated-fasting-plasma-glucose-levels-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-non-diabetic-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Yalin Guan, Changshen Yu, Min Shi, Jingxian Ni, Yanan Wu, Hongfei Gu, Lingling Bai, Jie Liu, Jun Tu, Jinghua Wang, Xianjia Ning
We assessed the association between the mean carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels in a low-income population in rural China. Adults aged ≥45 years without a history of diabetes, stroke, or cardiovascular disease were recruited. All participants were categorized into four groups according to FPG level. A total of 3509 participants were analyzed in this study. In the univariate analysis, sex, age, education level, hypertension, central obesity, current smoking, alcohol consumption, and higher levels of FPG, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were associated with mean CIMT and frequency of increased CIMT...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338971/atorvastatin-impaired-glucose-metabolism-in-c2c12-cells-partly-via-inhibiting-cholesterol-dependent-glucose-transporter-4-translocation
#4
Binbin Sun, Zeyu Zhong, Fan Wang, Jiong Xu, Feng Xu, Weimin Kong, Zhaoli Ling, Nan Shu, Ying Li, Tong Wu, Mian Zhang, Liang Zhu, Xiaodong Liu, Li Liu
Skeletal muscle accounts for approximately 75% of glucose disposal in body and statins impair glucose metabolism. We aimed to investigate the effect of atorvastatin on glucose metabolism in C2C12 cells. Glucose metabolism and expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and hexokinase II (HXKII) were measured following incubation with atorvastatin or pravastatin. Roles of cholesterol in atorvastatin-induced glucose metabolism impairment were investigated via adding cholesterol or mevalonic acid and confirmed by cholesterol depletion with methyl-β-cyclodextrin...
January 12, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336667/influence-of-long-term-consumption-of-bitter-apricot-seeds-on-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#5
Jana Kopčeková, Anna Kolesárová, Anton Kováčik, Eva Kováčiková, Martina Gažarová, Peter Chlebo, Jozef Valuch, Adriana Kolesárová
The present study was designed to reveal whether long-term consumption of bitter apricot seeds causes changes in lipid profile and other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The study group consisted of 12 healthy adult volunteers (5 females and 7 males). The average age of women was 41.60 ± 11.28 years and the average age of men was 36.71 ± 13.70 years. Volunteers consumed 60 mg kg-1 of body weight of bitter apricot seeds divided into 8-12 doses daily for 12 weeks. Volunteers were recruited from the general population of Slovak Republic...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336590/modern-perspectives-on-the-health-benefits-of-kefir-in-next-generation-sequencing-era-improvement-of-the-host-gut-microbiota
#6
Dong-Hyeon Kim, Dana Jeong, Hyunsook Kim, Kun-Ho Seo
Kefir is a natural complex fermented milk product containing more than 50 species of probiotic bacteria and yeast, and has been demonstrated to have multiple properties conferring health benefits, including antiobesity, anti-hepatic steatosis, antioxidative, antiallergenic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, cholesterol-lowering, constipation-alleviating, and antimicrobial properties. To better understand the underlying mechanisms of these benefits, we here review research on the effect of kefir (and kefir microorganisms) consumption to modulate the host gut microbiota...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331507/adropin-an-endocrine-link-between-the-biological-clock-and-cholesterol-homeostasis
#7
Sarbani Ghoshal, Joseph R Stevens, Cyrielle Billon, Clemence Girardet, Sadichha Sitaula, Arthur S Leon, D C Rao, James S Skinner, Tuomo Rankinen, Claude Bouchard, Marinelle V Nuñez, Kimber L Stanhope, Deborah A Howatt, Alan Daugherty, Jinsong Zhang, Matthew Schuelke, Edward P Weiss, Alisha R Coffey, Brian J Bennett, Praveen Sethupathy, Thomas P Burris, Peter J Havel, Andrew A Butler
OBJECTIVE: Identify determinants of plasma adropin concentrations, a secreted peptide translated from the Energy Homeostasis Associated (ENHO) gene linked to metabolic control and vascular function. METHODS: Associations between plasma adropin concentrations, demographics (sex, age, BMI) and circulating biomarkers of lipid and glucose metabolism were assessed in plasma obtained after an overnight fast in humans. The regulation of adropin expression was then assessed in silico, in cultured human cells, and in animal models...
December 30, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330662/yogurt-consumption-is-associated-with-higher-nutrient-intake-diet-quality-and-favourable-metabolic-profile-in-children-a-cross-sectional-analysis-using-data-from-years-1-4-of-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-uk
#8
D A Hobbs, D I Givens, J A Lovegrove
PURPOSE: Yogurt consumption has been associated with higher nutrient intakes, better diet quality and improved metabolic profiles in adults. Few studies have investigated these associations in children. This study investigated the association of yogurt consumption with nutrient intakes, diet quality and metabolic profile in British children. METHODS: Data from  1687 children aged 4-10 and 11-18 years of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) years 1-4 were analysed...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#9
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329215/dietary-supplement-of-large-yellow-tea-ameliorates-metabolic-syndrome-and-attenuates-hepatic-steatosis-in-db-db-mice
#10
Yun Teng, Daxiang Li, Ponmari Guruvaiah, Na Xu, Zhongwen Xie
Yellow tea has been widely recognized for its health benefits. However, its effects and mechanism are largely unknown. The current study investigated the mechanism of dietary supplements of large yellow tea and its effects on metabolic syndrome and the hepatic steatosis in male db/db mice. Our data showed that dietary supplements of large yellow tea and water extract significantly reduced water intake and food consumption, lowered the serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and significantly reduced blood glucose level and increased glucose tolerance in db/db mice when compared to untreated db/db mice...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326421/vitamin-d3-fortified-milk-did-not-affect-glycemic-control-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-measures-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-triple-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Saedeh Salehi, Fatemeh Sadeghi, Masoumeh Akhlaghi, Mohammad Amin Hanifpour, Mahdi Roshanzamir
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The effect of vitamin D on glycemic status of diabetes patients is controversial. The objective was to assess the effect of vitamin D3-fortified milk on cardiometabolic markers of patients with type 2 diabetes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this randomized triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 102 patients (34 males and 68 females) aged 31-74 years with type 2 diabetes were randomized to receive either 250 ml unfortified or 250 ml 1000 IU vitamin D3-fortified milk daily for 9 weeks...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326111/low-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-peru
#12
Catherine P Benziger, José Alfredo Zavala-Loayza, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Robert H Gilman, William Checkley, Liam Smeeth, German Malaga, Juan Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of and factors associated with ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) by sociodemographic characteristics in Peru is not well known. METHODS: The American Heart Association's ICH score comprised 3 ideal health factors (blood pressure, untreated total cholesterol and glucose) and 4 ideal health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, high physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption). ICH was having 5 to 7 of the ideal health metrics...
January 11, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320433/benefits-of-fish-oil-consumption-over-other-sources-of-lipids-on-metabolic-parameters-in-obese-rats
#13
Paula Novato Gondim, Priscila Vieira Rosa, Daniel Okamura, Viviam De Oliveira Silva, Eric Francelino Andrade, Daniel Arrais Biihrer, Luciano José Pereira
This study evaluated the effect of the consumption of different levels and sources of lipids on metabolic parameters of Wistar rats. Animals were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) containing 20% of lard for 12 weeks to cause metabolic obesity. Subsequently, the animals were divided into six groups and were fed diets with lipid concentrations of 5% or 20% of lard (LD), soybean oil (SO) or fish oil (FO), for 4 weeks. Data were submitted to analysis of variance (two-way) followed by Tukey post hoc test (p < 0.05)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320336/knowledge-gaps-of-the-health-benefits-of-beans-among-low-income-women
#14
Shelly Palmer, Donna M Winham, Christine Hradek
OBJECTIVES: We determined knowledge of the health benefits of consuming beans, and assessed if awareness varied by acculturation status among Hispanic and non-Hispanic low-income women. METHODS: We used a self-administered survey with Iowa women aged 18-65 years who were eligible to receive income-based services through 2 healthcare clinics, a WIC clinic, and Extension Outreach. Chi-square and ANOVA were used to compare bean health benefit knowledge, demographics, health-risk factors, nutrition information seeking, and self-efficacy by acculturation categories...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319751/effects-of-maternal-high-fat-intake-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-on-total-cholesterol-and-adipose-tissue-in-neonatal-rats
#15
M S Lima, G S Perez, G L Morais, L S Santos, G S Cordeiro, R D Couto, T C B J Deiró, C G Leandro, J M Barreto-Medeiros
AIM: Obesity during pregnancy is one of the most established risk factors for negative long-term programming. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of maternal consumption of a high-fat diet during pregnancy and lactation on the weight gain, visceral adipose tissue and cholesterolemia in neonatal rats. METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into two groups according to the mother's diet during pregnancy and lactation: Control group (CG, n = 12) were the offspring of rats fed a standard diet (4% lipid) and the Test group (TG, n = 12) were pups rats fed on a high fat diet (23% lipid)...
January 8, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319245/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-special-reference-to-non-hdl-cholesterol
#16
Debjani S Goswami, Tanuja P Manohar
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are becoming the major cause of morbidity and mortality in most of the developing countries including India. Cardiometabolic risk factors play a vital role in causation of coronary artery disease. Present study was carried out to investigate the role of various risk factors in the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in population from Central India. Settings and Design: This was a hospital-based age and sex matched case-control study, carried out at Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316699/arizona-registered-dietitians-show-gaps-in-knowledge-of-bean-health-benefits
#17
Donna M Winham, Andrea M Hutchins, Sharon V Thompson, Mariah K Dougherty
Registered Dietitians (RDs) promote nutrition practices and policies and can influence food consumption patterns to include nutrient dense foods such as beans. Although many evidence-based health benefits of bean consumption (e.g., cholesterol reduction, glycemic control) have been demonstrated, there is limited research on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of RDs regarding the inclusion of beans in a healthy diet. To fill this existing research gap, this cross-sectional survey explored the perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of 296 RDs in Arizona, USA, toward beans...
January 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315019/time-and-intervention-effects-of-daily-almond-intake-on-the-changes-of-lipid-profile-and-body-composition-among-free-living-healthy-adults
#18
Yanan Liu, Hyo-Jeong Hwang, Hyun-Sook Kim, Hyunjin Park
Favorable health benefits of almond have been shown in several previous studies. However, repeated measures, randomized, controlled trials to investigate the changes due to almond intake based on the time effects have not yet been reported. The current study was conducted to evaluate the effects of daily almond intake on changes in body composition and lipid profiles for 20 weeks with four measurements among healthy adults. Participants in the almond group showed favorable changes on blood lipid profiles, including levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL-C) after consuming 56 g of almond per day for 20 weeks compared with those at baseline...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313753/compared-to-an-oatmeal-breakfast-two-eggs-day-increased-plasma-carotenoids-and-choline-without-increasing-trimethyl-amine-n-oxide-concentrations
#19
Amanda Missimer, Maria Luz Fernandez, Diana M DiMarco, Gregory H Norris, Christopher N Blesso, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Marcela Vergara-Jimenez, Bruno S Lemos, Isabel Medina-Vera, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill
BACKGROUND: Habitual consumption of eggs has been hypothesized to positively modify biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk through proposed antioxidant properties. OBJECTIVES: To examine this relationship, 50 young, healthy men and women were enrolled into a randomized crossover clinical intervention. METHODS: Participants consumed either 2 eggs per day or one packet of oatmeal a day for 4 weeks, followed by a 3-week wash-out and crossed over to the alternate breakfast...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313283/edmonton-obesity-staging-system-among-pediatric-patients-a-validation-and-obesogenic-risk-factor-analysis
#20
M G Grammatikopoulou, M Chourdakis, K Gkiouras, P Roumeli, D Poulimeneas, E Apostolidou, I Chountalas, I Tirodimos, O Filippou, S Papadakou-Lagogianni, T Dardavessis
PURPOSE: The Edmonton Obesity Staging System for Pediatrics (EOSS-P) is a useful tool, delineating different obesity severity tiers associated with distinct treatment barriers. The aim of the study was to apply the EOSS-P on a Greek pediatric cohort and assess risk factors associated with each stage, compared to normal weight controls. METHODS: A total of 361 children (2-14 years old), outpatients of an Athenian hospital, participated in this case-control study by forming two groups: the obese (n = 203) and the normoweight controls (n = 158)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
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