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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725902/impact-of-grape-pomace-consumption-on-the-blood-lipid-profile-and-liver-genes-associated-with-lipid-metabolism-of-young-rats
#1
Jianmei Yu, Rishipal R Bansode, Ivy N Smith, Steven L Hurley
Herein, we investigated the effects of grape pomace (GP) in diet on body weight, blood lipid profile, and expression of liver genes associated with lipid metabolism using a young rat model. In this study, twenty female Sprague-Dawley rats at 7 weeks of age were randomly divided into 4 groups, which were fed modified AIN-93G diets containing 0% (control), 6.9%, 13.8%, and 20.7% of GP for 10 weeks. Feed consumption and body weight were weekly determined. Blood samples were obtained at the beginning and end of the feeding period for cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and glucose analysis...
July 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720939/cholesterol-analysis-of-korean-eat-out-foods-for-national-food-composition-database
#2
Farhana Sharmin, Beom-Gyun Jeong, Jiyoung Jung, Venus Quines, Jiyeon Chun
Information on cholesterol intake through restaurant meal is of high concern because of increasing eat-out population. Since nutrient labeling is not mandatory for restaurant food in Korea, cholesterol database on restaurant menu is unavailable. This study was performed to construct regional and national cholesterol database on primary Korean restaurant foods including 30 soup/stew, 24 rice dishes, and 27 noodles. From 2009 to 2012, Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety collected total 5832 foods (81 food types ×6 regions ×12 restaurants) nationwide and then 486 composites representing food types and regions were prepared for cholesterol analysis...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712165/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-multicomponent-intervention-on-nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-bangkok-thailand
#3
Nattapon Chawla, Alessio Panza, Chutima Sirikulchayanonta, Ramesh Kumar, Surasak Taneepanichskul
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a major public health issue today. The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing in both adults and children. Childhood obesity in Thailand has more than doubled since the 1960s and a recent study reported that overweight and obesity in Thais is the 5th highest in Asia. The present study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a life-skills, multicomponent, school-based intervention on child nutritional status. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was conducted in two-groups (control and intervention schools) on 453 students attending grade levels 4-5 in Bangkok...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701021/apple-pomace-as-potential-source-of-natural-active-compounds
#4
Katharina Waldbauer, Ruxandra McKinnon, Brigitte Kopp
Apple pomace is a waste product of the apple manufacturing industry that has been in the focus of life sciences as it represents a low-cost source of fruit-derived compounds. High fruit consumption is associated with beneficial health effects, and therefore, apple pomace and its constituents raise therapeutic interest. The present work reviews (i) the chemical constituents of apple pomace, (ii) optimized extraction methods of apple pomace compounds, and (iii) biological activities of apple pomace. Current evidence of apple pomace influence on digestion and metabolism, cholesterol and triglyceride homeostasis, diabetes, and sex hormones is summarized...
July 12, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698399/effect-of-amygdalus-scoparia-kernel-oil-consumption-on-lipid-profile-of-the-patients-with-dyslipidemia-a-randomized-openlabel-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Mohammad Javad Zibaeenezhad, Maryam Shahamat, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Armin Attar, Ehsan Bahramali
BACKGROUND: Amygdalus scoparia kernel (ASK) oil is traditionally used for Hyperlipidemia. Compared to olive oil, it has higher proportion of unsaturated to saturated fatty acid besides exhibiting higher index of oxidative stability. The lipid-lowering effects of ASK oil however, has not been investigated yet. This study is the first one to evaluate such effects in patients with dyslipidemia. RESULTS: Serum triglyceride levels significantly decreased in the intervention compared to control group (24...
July 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693964/impact-of-dietary-intake-lifestyle-and-biochemical-factors-on-metabolic-health-in-obese-adolescents
#6
I Aldhoon-Hainerová, V Hainer, H Zamrazilová
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity devoid of metabolic abnormalities is known as metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). The aim of the study was to examine determinants of MHO during adolescence. METHODS AND RESULTS: From among 710 obese adolescents, 43 girls and 57 boys were classified as metabolically unhealthy (abdominal obesity and ≥2 risk components of metabolic syndrome). MHO (absence of any cardiometabolic risk factor) was found in 211 girls and 131 boys (regardless of waist circumference) and in 33 girls and 27 boys (without abdominal obesity)...
May 15, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691541/effects-of-hazelnuts-and-cocoa-on-vascular-reactivity-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomised-study
#7
Michela Adamo, Antonio Maria Labate, Anna Ferrulli, Concetta Macrì, Ileana Terruzzi, Livio Luzi
Cocoa helps maintain endothelium-dependent vasodilation; consumption of hazelnuts has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This study assesses the effects of hazelnuts and cocoa on vascular reactivity and metabolic profile. Sixty-one healthy volunteers, examined in a randomised, controlled, two-week intervention, received one of six breakfast integrations containing either hazelnuts, cocoa, both or none. Consumption of unpeeled hazelnuts improved HDL-cholesterol (+7.3%, p = .01 vs. baseline, p = ...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691342/dual-function-of-lactobacillus-kefiri-dh5-in-preventing-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-direct-reduction-of-cholesterol-and-upregulation-of-ppar%C3%AE-in-adipose-tissue
#8
Dong-Hyeon Kim, Dana Jeong, Il-Byeong Kang, Hyunsook Kim, Kwang-Young Song, Kun-Ho Seo
SCOPE: Kefir consumption inhibits the development of obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice fed 60% high-fat diet (HFD). To identify the key contributor of this effect, we isolated lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from kefir and examined their anti-obesity properties from in vitro screening and in vivo validation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirteen kefir LAB isolates were subjected to survivability test using artificial gastrointestinal environment and cholesterol-reducing assay...
July 10, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686976/chronic-consumption-of-hypericum-humifusum-leaf-extracts-impairs-epididymis-spermatozoa-characters-in-association-with-oxidative-stress-in-adult-male-wistar-rats
#9
Imen Hammami, Ridha Ben Ali, Afef Nahdi, Olfa Kallech-Ziri, Marwa Boussada, Ahmed El May, Michèle Véronique El May
Recently, there has been increasing interest in Hypericum (Hypericaceae) genus. The first part of the present study focused on the phytochemical analysis of the methanolic and aqueous extracts of Hypericum humifusum leaves. The second part of the study investigated the effect of Hypericum humifusum leaf extracts on male reproductive parameters. 30 male rats were grouped into control (1mL/rat, distilled water), treated by 200mg/kg body weight (bw) aqueous extract (A200), 400mg/kg bw aqueous extract (A400), 10mg/kg bw methanolic extract (M10) and 20mg/kg bw methanolic extract (M20) groups...
July 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686204/metabolic-and-blood-pressure-effects-of-walnut-supplementation-in-a-mouse-model-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Nicola J A Scott, Leigh J Ellmers, Anna P Pilbrow, Lotte Thomsen, Arthur Mark Richards, Chris M Frampton, Vicky A Cameron
There is extensive evidence that walnut consumption is protective against cardiovascular disease and diabetes in the healthy population, but the beneficial effects of walnut consumption in individuals with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain uncertain. We compared a range of cardio-metabolic traits and related tissue gene expression associated with 21 weeks of dietary walnut supplementation in a mouse model of MetS (MetS-Tg) and wild-type (WT) mice (n = 10 per genotype per diet, equal males and females). Compared to standard diet, walnuts did not significantly alter food consumption or body weight trajectory of either MetS-Tg or WT mice...
July 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684043/correlates-of-pericardial-adipose-tissue-volume-using-multidetector-ct-scanning-in-cardiac-patients-in-china
#11
Ting Ting Yang, Anne F Fish, Wei Min Kong, Xin Gao, De Jian Huang, Ji Tao Feng, Jun Ya Zhu, Tao Chen, Qing Qing Lou
BACKGROUND: Pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) is an emerging cardiovascular risk factor, yet much less is understood about PAT volume in Chinese adults, especially in relation to physical activity. The study explores associations between demographic and clinical variables and PAT volume, using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scanning in China. We also examined the relationship between PAT volume and coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: An observational, correlational study design was used...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680384/randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-consumption-of-yabukita-or-benifuuki-encapsulated-tea-powder-on-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-level-and-body-weight
#12
Yuko Igarashi, Taku Obara, Mami Ishikuro, Hiroko Matsubara, Michiko Shigihara, Hirohito Metoki, Masahiro Kikuya, Yoichi Sameshima, Hirofumi Tachibana, Mari Maeda-Yamamoto, Shinichi Kuriyama
Background: Previous studies have reported controversial results for the association between green tea consumption and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and body weight. Objective: The objective of this trial was to determine the effects of two kinds of green tea on LDL-cholesterol and body weight. Methods: We randomly assigned 151 participants (98 men, 53 women) aged 30-70 years into three groups: Yabukita green tea group, Benifuuki green tea group, or placebo group. Participants consumed 1.8 g/day of green tea extract powder or placebo for 12 weeks...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677982/determinants-of-incident-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-middle-eastern-population-isfahan-cohort-study
#13
Naeimeh Hosseini, Mohammad Talaei, Minoo Dianatkhah, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Shahram Oveisgharan, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: To identify the associated risk factors with development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a longitudinal prospective cohort study in an Iranian population. METHODS: A total of 1994 participants, aged ≥35 years, free of MetS, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease at baseline were followed up for 7 years. Physical examination, laboratory studies, and interview about lifestyle factors were performed, and MetS was defined based on harmonized definition at both time points...
July 5, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677046/the-effects-of-synbiotic-supplementation-on-glucose-metabolism-and-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Reza Tabrizi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Kamran B Lankarani, Maryam Akbari, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Fariba Kolahdooz, Zatollah Asemi
Although several studies have evaluated the effect of synbiotic intake on metabolic profiles in patients with diabetes, findings are inconsistent. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to summarize the evidence on the effect of synbiotic intake on metabolic profiles in patients with diabetes. The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched. All RCTs published up to 12 November 2016 were included. Two review authors independently assessed study eligibility, extracted data, and evaluated risk of bias of included studies...
July 4, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673468/consumption-of-a-liquid-high-fat-meal-increases-triglycerides-but-decreases-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-abdominally-obese-subjects-with-high-postprandial-insulin-resistance
#15
Feng Wang, Huixia Lu, Fukang Liu, Huizhen Cai, Hui Xia, Fei Guo, Yulan Xie, Guiling Huang, Miao Miao, Guofang Shu, Guiju Sun
Abdominal obesity is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance, which may be a potential contributor to dyslipidemia. However, the relationship between postprandial insulin resistance and lipid metabolism in abdominally obese subjects remains unknown. We hypothesized that postprandial dyslipidemia would be exaggerated in abdominally obese subjects with high postprandial insulin resistance. To test this hypothesis, serum glucose, insulin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B were measured at baseline and postprandial state at 0...
May 17, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673367/association-between-spicy-food-consumption-and-lipid-profiles-in-adults-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Yong Xue, Tingchao He, Kai Yu, Ai Zhao, Wei Zheng, Yumei Zhang, Baoli Zhu
CVD remains the leading cause of mortality worldwide, with abnormal lipid metabolism as a major risk factor. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between spicy food consumption and serum lipids in Chinese adults. Data were extracted from the 2009 phase of the China Health and Nutrition Survey, consisting of 6774 apparently healthy Chinese adults aged 18-65 years. The frequency of consumption and degree of pungency of spicy food were self-reported, and regular spicy food consumption was assessed using three consecutive 24-h recalls...
July 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671593/high-consumption-of-iron-exacerbates-hyperlipidemia-atherosclerosis-and-female-sterility-in-zebrafish-via-acceleration-of-glycation-and-degradation-of-serum-lipoproteins
#17
So-Hee Kim, Dhananjay Yadav, Suk-Jeong Kim, Jae-Ryong Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho
Elevated serum iron level is linked with an increased risk of diabetes and atherosclerosis. However, the pathological mechanism by which iron affects serum lipoprotein levels is unknown. To elucidate the mechanism, a high dose of ferrous ion was applied (final 60 µM, 120 µM) to human serum lipoproteins, macrophages, and human dermal fibroblast (HDF) cells. Iron-treated lipoproteins showed loss of antioxidant ability along with protein degradation and multimerization, especially co-treatment with fructose (final 10 mM)...
July 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671590/egg-consumption-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-health-examinees-study
#18
Sangah Shin, Hwi-Won Lee, Claire E Kim, Jiyeon Lim, Jong-Koo Lee, Sang-Ah Lee, Daehee Kang
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a cluster of metabolic alterations such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemias, elevated fasting glucose, and hypertension. Studies on the association between egg consumption and MetS are limited and inconsistent. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to examine the association of egg consumption with MetS among Korean adults aged 40-69 years. A total of 130,420 subjects (43,682 men and 86,738 women) from the Health Examinees Study were selected for the final analysis...
July 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664140/energy-metabolism-and-whole-exome-sequencing-based-analysis-of-sasang-constitution-a-pilot-study
#19
Hyoung Kyu Kim, Heetak Lee, Ji Ho So, Seung Hun Jeong, Dae Yun Seo, Jong-Yeol Kim, Sanguk Kim, Jin Han
BACKGROUND: Traditional Korean Sasang constitutional (SC) medicine categorizes individuals into four constitutional types [Tae-eum (TE), So-eum (SE), Tae-yang (TY), or So-yang (SY)] based on biological and physiological characteristics. As these characteristics are closely related to the bioenergetics of the human body, we assessed the correlation between SC type and energy metabolism features. METHODS: Forty healthy, young (22.3 ± 1.4 years) males volunteered to participate in this study...
June 2017: Integrative medicine research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662555/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-after-an-employer-based-risk-reduction-program-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
David H Holben, Chelsea Rambo, Cheryl Howe, Deborah H Murray, Jay H Shubrook
Context: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be a public health concern. Workplace interventions that focus on modifying lifestyle habits may reduce CVD risk factors in people at risk. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program that integrated dietary modification, physical activity, stress management, and behavior modification counseling to reduce the risk of CVD in at-risk adults. Methods: Twelve 1-year cohorts who participated in a comprehensive employer-sponsored lifestyle intervention program targeting diet, exercise, behavior modification, and stress management between 2006 and 2010 at a rural university in Appalachian Ohio were studied...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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