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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646140/effect-of-dietary-advanced-glycation-end-products-on-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-risks-in-healthy-overweight-adults-a-randomised-crossover-trial
#1
Estifanos Baye, Maximilian Pj de Courten, Karen Walker, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Arul Earnest, Josephine M Forbes, Barbora de Courten
Diets high in advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are thought to be detrimental to cardiovascular health. However, there remains uncertainty about the beneficial effect of a low AGE diet on cardiovascular risk factors and inflammatory markers in overweight individuals. We thus performed a randomised, double blind, crossover trial to determine whether consumption of low AGE diets reduce inflammation and cardiovascular risks in overweight and obese otherwise healthy adults. All participants (n = 20) consumed low and high AGE diets alternately for two weeks and separated by a four week washout period...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645636/theobromine-does-not-affect-postprandial-lipid-metabolism-and-duodenal-gene-expression-but-has-unfavorable-effects-on-postprandial-glucose-and-insulin-responses-in-humans
#2
Lotte Smolders, Ronald P Mensink, Mark V Boekschoten, Rogier J J de Ridder, Jogchum Plat
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chocolate consumption is associated with a decreased risk for CVD. Theobromine, a compound in cocoa, may explain these effects as it favorably affected fasting serum lipids. However, long-term effects of theobromine on postprandial metabolism as well as underlying mechanisms have never been studied. The objective was to evaluate the effects of 4-week theobromine consumption (500 mg/day) on fasting and postprandial lipid, lipoprotein and glucose metabolism, and duodenal gene expression...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641787/social-jet-lag-potentiates-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-when-combined-with-cafeteria-diet-in-rats
#3
Estefania Espitia-Bautista, Mario Velasco-Ramos, Iván Osnaya-Ramírez, Manuel Ángeles-Castellanos, Ruud M Buijs, Carolina Escobar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Modern lifestyle promotes shifted sleep onset and shifted wake up time between weekdays and weekends, producing a condition termed "social-jet lag." Disrupted sleep promotes increased appetite for carbohydrate and fat-rich food, which in long term leads to overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome. In order to mimic the human situation we produced an experimental model of social-jet lag (Sj-l). With this model, we explored the link between shifted sleep time with consumption of a cafeteria diet (CafD) and the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639974/an-evaluation-of-cardioprevent-a-technology-enabled-health-behavior-change-program-for-the-global-reduction-of-cardiovascular-risk
#4
Stephanie A Prince, Robert D Reid, Andrew L Pipe, Lisa A McDonnell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of mortality globally. Primary CVD prevention programs have the potential to improve risk factor profiles and, ultimately, the risk of developing CVD. The present study presents an evaluation of CardioPrevent, a global cardiovascular risk reduction program. RECENT FINDINGS: Of the 478 participants enrolled in the CardioPrevent program, 308 and 236 had complete 6-month and 12-month data, respectively at the time of evaluation...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638812/how-canola-and-sunflower-oils-affect-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-parameters-of-participants-with-dyslipidemia
#5
Sedigheh Saedi, Mona Noroozi, Naghmeh Khosrotabar, Shadi Mazandarani, Behshid Ghadrdoost
Background: Restricted intakes of saturated and trans-fatty acids and replacement with poly or monounsaturated fatty acids are emphasized in healthy diets. This study evaluates the effects of a six-month consumption of canola oil compared to sunflower oil on lipid profile and anthropometric parameters of people affected by dyslipidemia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 96 patients with dyslipidemia, who were randomly assigned into canola oil or the sunflower oil groups. The participants were instructed to record the contents of their daily meals, beverages, fruits, and snacks a day before treatment, at the second clinic visit, in the third month, and at the end of study (i...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633872/frozen-yogurt-and-ice-cream-were-less-healthy-than-yogurt-and-adding-toppings-reduced-their-nutrition-value-evidence-from-1999-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Ruopeng An, Ning Jiang
It was hypothesized that frozen yogurt and ice cream would be less healthy than yogurt. We examined daily energy and nutrient intake from yogurt, frozen yogurt, and ice cream among US adults. In-person 24-hour dietary recall data (n=6453) came from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Regression analyses were performed to examine the differences in energy/nutrient intake from frozen yogurt and ice cream (with/without toppings) in comparison to yogurt. Approximately 5.3%, 0.9%, and 14...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633869/baccaurea-angulata-fruit-juice-ameliorates-altered-hematological-and-biochemical-biomarkers-in-diet-induced-hypercholesterolemic-rabbits
#7
Idris Adewale Ahmed, Maryam Abimbola Mikail, Muhammad Ibrahim
Hypercholesterolemia is an important risk factor linked to the alteration of blood hematology and clinical chemistry associated with the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Previous studies have demonstrated the safety and potential health benefits of Baccaurea angulata (BA) fruit. We hypothesized that the oral administration of BA fruit juice could ameliorate the alteration in the hematological and biochemical biomarkers of diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rabbits. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different doses of BA juice on the hematological and biochemical biomarkers in normo- and hypercholesterolemic rabbits...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630394/moringa-oleifera-based-diet-protects-against-nickel-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#8
Stephen Adeyemi Oluyomi, Sokolayemji Aroge Cincin, Adewumi Akanji Musbau
Multiple health-promoting effects have been attributed to the consumption of Moringa oleifera leaves, as part of diet without adequate scientific credence. This study evaluated the effect of M. oleifera-based diets on nickel (Ni) - induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Male rats assigned into six groups were given oral administration of 20 mg/kg body weight nickel sulfate in normal saline and either fed normal diet or M. oleifera-based diets for 21 days. All animals were sacrificed under anesthesia 24 hours after the last treatment...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625952/daily-consumption-of-commercial-chicken-feed-and-meat-lead-to-alterations-in-serum-cholesterol-and-steroidal-sex-hormones-in-female-rats
#9
Saara Ahmad, Iftikhar Ahmed, Saida Haider, Zehra Batool, Saad Bilal Ahmed
Poultry consumption is increased worldwide owing to better taste, easy availability and low cost. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of the chicken feed, conventional chicken meat and organic chicken meat on the % growth rate, serum cholesterol, progesterone, testosterone and estrogen levels in female rats. Hundred female Albino Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups (n=25). Group I was control rats fed on standard chow, group II treated with commercial chicken feed, group III rats fed with conventional chicken meat and group IV with organic chicken meat for a period of 6 weeks...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625218/the-response-of-male-and-female-rats-to-a-high-fructose-diet-during-adolescence-following-early-administration-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-aqueous-calyx-extracts
#10
K G Ibrahim, E Chivandi, F B O Mojiminiyi, K H Erlwanger
Metabolic syndrome is linked to the consumption of fructose-rich diets. Nutritional and pharmacological interventions perinatally can cause epigenetic changes that programme an individual to predispose or protect them from the development of metabolic diseases later. Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS) reportedly has anti-obesity and hypocholesterolaemic properties in adults. We investigated the impact of neonatal intake of HS on the programming of metabolism by fructose. A total of 85 4-day-old Sprague Dawley rats were divided randomly into three groups...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622065/leptin-gene-transfer-improves-symptoms-of-type-2-diabetic-mice-by-regulating-leptin-signaling-pathway-and-insulin-resistance-of-peripheral-tissues
#11
Lan Xiang, Jing Li, Qian Wang, Ruiqi Tang, Jianhua Qi
The leptin gene was transferred into the liver of streptozocin- and high fat diet-induced type 2 diabetic (T2D) mice by hydrodynamic-based gene delivery. The food intake, water consumption, glucose concentration, and triglyceride, total cholesterol levels of T2D mice were significantly decreased. Meanwhile, plasma leptin was remarkably increased after gene transfer for 2, 3, 5, and 7 days, while plasma adiponectin was also significantly increased at day 2. To understand the mechanism of action of leptin on T2D mice, gene expressions related to glycometabolism and energy metabolism in the liver, epididymal adipose tissue, hypothalamus, and muscle were measured...
June 16, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617537/spirulina-maxima-improves-insulin-sensitivity-lipid-profile-and-total-antioxidant-status-in-obese-patients-with-well-treated-hypertension-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#12
M Szulinska, M Gibas-Dorna, E Miller-Kasprzak, J Suliburska, A Miczke, M Walczak-Gałezewska, M Stelmach-Mardas, J Walkowiak, P Bogdanski
OBJECTIVE: Spirulina maxima consumption is known to be associated with enhanced cardiovascular and metabolic health. Human studies on this topic have recently been described in a few papers; however, potential protective cardiovascular properties of Spirulina in obese patients receiving standard pharmacological antihypertensive treatment remain to be elucidated. Putative beneficial cardiovascular effects of Spirulina supplementation in well treated, obesity-related hypertension were studied in a double-blind placebo-controlled trial...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611866/association-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-on-3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coa-reductase-inhibitors
#13
Satyajeet Roy, Joshua Louis Weinstock, Allyse Sachiko Ishino, Jefferson Felix Benites, Samantha Rachel Pop, Christopher David Perez, Edvard Adrian Gumbs, Jennifer Ann Rosenbaum, Mary Kate Roccato, Hely Shah, Gabriela Contino, Krystal Hunter
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the United States. A reduction in cholesterol with 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statin) significantly reduces mortality and morbidity. Statins may be associated with cognitive impairment or dementia. Our aim was to study the association of cognitive impairment or dementia in patients who were on a statin. METHODS: Electronic medical records of 3,500 adult patients in our suburban internal medicine office were reviewed...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610456/consumer-heterogeneity-in-sugar-consumption-with-special-reference-to-fat-and-cholesterol-intake
#14
Jebaraj Asirvatham, Paul E McNamara
Consumers make dietary choices based on information they have. This study examines consumer choice of food products considering the healthfulness of multiple nutrients. We focus on high levels of sugars because higher levels of intake are associated with adverse health and nutritional outcomes. We find an important association of sugar consumption with the healthfulness of a diet based on saturated fat intake and cholesterol intake. Consumers making healthier choices in one nutrient are not making healthier choices on other nutrients...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607572/gastrodia-elata-blume-rhizome-aqueous-extract-improves-arterial-thrombosis-dyslipidemia-and-insulin-response-in-testosterone-deficient-rats
#15
Min Jung Kim, Hye Jeong Yang, Bo Reum Moon, Ji Eun Kim, Kang Sung Kim, Sunmin Park
Testosterone deficiency deteriorates glucose and lipid metabolism with reducing muscle mass. We investigated whether the consumption of water extracts of Gastrodia elata Blume rhizome (GEB) rich in gastrodin would reduce the symptoms of testosterone deficiency and improve blood flow in orchidectomized (ORX) rats. ORX rats were given high-fat diets supplemented with either 1% cellulose (ORX-control), 0.3% GEB (GEB-L), or 1% GEB (GEB-H) for 8 weeks. Sham-operated rats were fed the same diet as OVX-control rats (normal-control)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606702/effect-of-hazelnut-on-serum-lipid-profile-and-fatty-acid-composition-of-erythrocyte-phospholipids-in-children-and-adolescents-with-primary-hyperlipidemia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Valeria Deon, Cristian Del Bo', Federica Guaraldi, Francesca Abello, Simona Belviso, Marisa Porrini, Patrizia Riso, Ornella Guardamagna
BACKGROUND & AIM: Regular intake of nuts improves lipid profile and thus reduces the cardiovascular (CV) risk associated with hyperlipidemia. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a dietary intervention with hazelnuts (HZNs, 15-30 g/day, depending on patient weight) on serum lipid profile, anthropometric parameters and fatty acids (FAs) composition of erythrocyte phospholipids in children and adolescents with primary hyperlipidemia. METHODS: Eight-week randomized, single blind, controlled, three-arm, parallel-group study...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606084/effect-of-oral-cinnamon-intervention-on-metabolic-profile-and-body-composition-of-asian-indians-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-control-trial
#17
Sonal Gupta Jain, Seema Puri, Anoop Misra, Seema Gulati, Kalaivani Mani
BACKGROUND: Nutritional modulation remains central to the management of metabolic syndrome. Intervention with cinnamon in individuals with metabolic syndrome remains sparsely researched. METHODS: We investigated the effect of oral cinnamon consumption on body composition and metabolic parameters of Asian Indians with metabolic syndrome. In this 16-week double blind randomized control trial, 116 individuals with metabolic syndrome were randomized to two dietary intervention groups, cinnamon [6 capsules (3 g) daily] or wheat flour [6 capsules (2...
June 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602574/characteristics-of-hanwoo-cattle-and-health-implications-of-consuming-highly-marbled-hanwoo-beef
#18
REVIEW
Seon-Tea Joo, Young-Hwa Hwang, Damian Frank
This review addresses the unique characteristics of Hanwoo cattle and potential health implications of consuming highly marbled Hanwoo beef. The Hanwoo breed has high genetic potential for accumulating intramuscular fat (IMF) and producing highly marbled beef. The high level of marbling is achieved through increasing levels of concentrated feed with an extended finishing period. In response to consumer preferences, the level of marbling of Hanwoo beef has been increasing. The IMF content can be manipulated depending on the feeding duration, finishing diet, and genotype...
June 6, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601670/oxidized-ldl-but-not-total-ldl-is-associated-with-hba1c-in-individuals-without-diabetes
#19
Débora Spessatto, Liz Marina Bueno Dos Passos Brum, Joíza Lins Camargo
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the association between HbA1c, LDL and oxi-LDL in individuals without diabetes (DM). METHODS: One hundred and ninety-six individuals, without DM, were enrolled and divided into three groups according to HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose values. HbA1c, oxi-LDL, LDL, and other biochemical measurements of lipid profile were also carried out. RESULTS: oxi-LDL levels showed significant differences among all groups and group 3 presented higher values [34U/L (27-46); 44U/L (37-70); and 86U/L (49-136); p<0...
June 7, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598045/soft-drinks-consumption-and-the-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Zeba Siddiqi, Ritu Karoli, Jalees Fatima, Sachin Khanduri, Shishir Varshneya, Sara Sabina Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: The increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been implicated in the increased incidence of obesity and metabolic syndrome Little of the research on sugar-sweetened beverage intake has examined the consumption patterns of sugared beverages by college students, despite the vulnerabilities of this population to weight gain. The current study sought to characterize sugar-sweetened beverage intake of undergraduate students who belong to high socio-economic strata and to study its correlation with presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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