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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680367/immobilization-of-azospira-sp-strain-i13-by-gel-entrapment-for-mitigation-of-n-2-o-from-biological-wastewater-treatment-plants-biokinetic-characterization-and-modeling
#1
Toshikazu Suenaga, Ryo Aoyagi, Nozomi Sakamoto, Shohei Riya, Hidenori Ohashi, Masaaki Hosomi, Hideaki Tokuyama, Akihiko Terada
Development of a strategy to mitigate nitrous oxide (N2 O) emitted from biological sources is important in the nexus of wastewater treatment and greenhouse gas emission. To this end, immobilization of N2 O-reducing bacteria as a biofilm has the potential to ameliorate oxygen (O2 ) inhibition of the metabolic activity of the bacteria. We demonstrated the effectiveness of calcium alginate gel entrapment of the nosZ clade II type N2 O-reducing bacterium, Azospira sp. strain I13, in reducing levels of N2 O, irrespective of the presence of O2 ...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675731/usefulness-of-mehlich-3-test-in-the-monitoring-of-phosphorus-dispersion-from-polish-arable-soils
#2
Ewa Szara, Tomasz Sosulski, Magdalena Szymańska, Katarzyna Szyszkowska
A considerable area of soils with low abundance of plant-available phosphorus and relatively low consumption of phosphorus fertilisers recorded in Poland over the last 20-25 years suggests that the dispersion of phosphates from arable soils in Poland can be low. The literature, however, provides reports on a considerable share of Polish agriculture in phosphorus pollution of Baltic Sea waters. The literature provides no data concerning phosphorus sorption parameters of arable soils in Poland. Due to this, the study involved the analysis of sorption properties: 1-point phosphorus sorption index (PSI) and degree of phosphorus saturation, based on molar ratio P, Al, and Fe determined by the Mehlich-3 method (DPS-1M3  = P / (Al + Fe) and DPS-2M3  = P / Al), 59 soils representing the main types of texture of soils in Poland, characterised by variable content of plant-available phosphorus by Egner-Riehm DL, organic carbon, and soil pH...
April 19, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669135/society-of-behavioral-medicine-position-statement-retain-school-meal-standards-and-healthy-school-lunches
#3
Joanna Buscemi, Angela Odoms-Young, Amy L Yaroch, Laura L Hayman, Bernardo Loiacono, Annie Herman, Marian L Fitzgibbon
In 2010, the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) altered nutrition standards in the U.S. National School Lunch Program in an attempt to promote healthy eating and improve children's overall health. However, it was reported that these nutrition standard changes were leading to lower consumption of meals and an increase in plate waste. Initial research was unable to validate these reports. Despite these unsubstantiated claims, the U.S. Department of Agriculture released a proposal to roll back some of the nutritional standards implemented by the HHFKA in 2017...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667562/caregiver-perceptions-of-a-fruit-and-vegetable-prescription-programme-for-low-income-paediatric-patients
#4
Amy Saxe-Custack, Heather Claire Lofton, Mona Hanna-Attisha, Colleen Victor, Gwendolyn Reyes, Tiffany Ceja, Jenny LaChance
OBJECTIVE: The physical and social environments that surround children should support good health. However, challenges with food security and access prevent many children from consuming a healthy diet, which is critical to proper growth and development. The present study sought to gain a better understanding of primary care initiatives to address these issues in a low-income setting. DESIGN: Following the relocation of a paediatric clinic to a farmers' market building and the implementation of a fruit and vegetable prescription programme, researchers conducted thirty-two semi-structured interviews with caregivers...
April 18, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667441/long-term-consumption-of-western-diet-contributes-to-endothelial-dysfunction-and-aortic-remodeling-in-rats-implication-of-rho-kinase-signaling
#5
Rania A Elrashidy, Jing Zhang, Guiming Liu
Western diet (WD), rich in saturated fat and sugars, has become a risk factor for obesity and metabolic syndrome, however, its effect on endothelial function and vascular remodeling is not fully elucidated. Recent evidence suggests cross-talk between Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway and cardiovascular system. We aimed to investigate the effect of WD on aortic remodeling and the contribution of ROCK signaling. Eight week old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either standard chow diet (SD) or high fructose/ high-fat diet, typically as in WD...
April 18, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667097/an-elevated-respiratory-quotient-predicts-complications-after-cardiac-surgery-under-extracorporeal-circulation-an-observational-pilot-study
#6
J Piot, A Hébrard, M Durand, J F Payen, P Albaladejo
Following cardiac surgery, hyperlactatemia due to anaerobic metabolism is associated with an increase in both morbidity and mortality. We previously found that an elevated respiratory quotient (RQ) predicts anaerobic metabolism. In the present study we aimed to demonstrate that it is also associated with poor outcome following cardiac surgery. This single institution, prospective, observational study includes all those patients that were consecutively admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, that had also been monitored using pulmonary artery catheter...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663407/ground-beef-high-in-total-fat-and-saturated-fatty-acids-decreases-x-receptor-signaling-targets-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-men-and-women
#7
Seong H Choi, Ghazal Gharahmany, Rosemary L Walzem, Thomas H Meade, Stephen B Smith
We hypothesized that consumption of saturated fatty acids in the form of high-fat ground beef for 5 weeks would depress liver X receptor signaling targets in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and that changes in gene expression would be associated with the corresponding changes in lipoprotein cholesterol (C) concentrations. Older men (n = 5, age 68.0 ± 4.6 years) and postmenopausal women (n = 7, age 60.9 ± 3.1 years) were assigned randomly to consume ground-beef containing 18% total fat (18F) or 25% total fat (25F), five patties per week for 5 weeks with an intervening 4-week washout period...
April 16, 2018: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660800/physicochemical-quality-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-analysis-of-nellore-steers-meat-fed-with-inclusion-of-condensed-tannin-in-the-diet
#8
Susana M Gesteira, Ronaldo L Oliveira, Thadeu M Silva, Rebeca D X Ribeiro, Cláudio V D M Ribeiro, Elzania S Pereira, Dante P D Lanna, Luis F B Pinto, Tiago C Rocha, Jusaline F Vieira, Leilson R Bezerra
This study was conducted to test the effect of dietary tannin on the fatty acid profile and sensory attributes of meat from Nellore steers. Thirty-two Nellore bull male were distributed in a completely randomized design and fed diets with condensed tannin extract as follows: 0, 10, 30, and 50 g/kg total DM basis. The physicochemical composition of the meat, lipid oxidation, fatty acid profile, flavor, tenderness, and overall acceptance were evaluated. There was a linear decrease (P ≤ 0.05) on lipid content, tenderness, cooking weight loss, myristic, palmitic, and oleic acids in meat as tannin increased in the diets...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659963/saturated-fats-from-butter-but-not-from-cheese-increase-hdl-mediated-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-from-j774-macrophages-in-men-and-women-with-abdominal-obesity
#9
Didier Brassard, Benoît J Arsenault, Marjorie Boyer, Daniela Bernic, Maude Tessier-Grenier, Denis Talbot, Angelo Tremblay, Emile Levy, Bela Asztalos, Peter J H Jones, Patrick Couture, Benoît Lamarche
Background: Recent evidence suggests that the association between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and coronary artery disease risk varies according to food sources. How SFAs from butter and cheese influence HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), a key process in reverse cholesterol transport, is currently unknown. Objective: In a predefined secondary analysis of a previously published trial, we have examined how diets rich in SFAs from either cheese or butter influence HDL-mediated CEC, compared with diets rich in either monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659690/perspective-challenges-and-controversial-issues-in-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-1980-2015
#10
Marion Nestle
Since 1980, every edition of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs) has recommended increased consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, but reduced consumption of saturated fat, sugars, and sodium and, therefore, their primary food sources. Every edition has generated controversy, mainly from producers of foods affected by "eat less" recommendations, particularly meat. Objections to the 2015 DGAs focused on environmental as well as scientific issues, but also on purported conflicts of interest among members of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653079/dominant-and-sensitive-control-of-oxidative-flux-by-the-atp-adp-carrier-in-human-skeletal-muscle-mitochondria-effect-of-lysine-acetylation
#11
W T Willis, D Miranda-Grandjean, J Hudgens, E A Willis, J Finlayson, E A De Filippis, R Zapata Bustos, P R Langlais, C Mielke, L J Mandarino
The adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) of the mitochondrial inner membrane exchanges ADP for ATP. Mitochondria were isolated from human vastus lateralis muscle (n = 9). Carboxyatractyloside titration of O2 consumption rate (Jo ) at clamped [ADP] of 21 μM gave ANT abundance of 0.97 ± 0.14 nmol ANT/mg and a flux control coefficient of 82% ± 6%. Flux control fell to 1% ± 1% at saturating (2 mM) [ADP]. The KmADP for Jo was 32.4 ± 1.8 μM. In terms of the free (-3) ADP anion this KmADP was 12...
April 10, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643271/japan-diet-intake-changes-serum-phospholipid-fatty-acid-compositions-in-middle-aged-men-a-pilot-study
#12
Yuri Shijo, Chizuko Maruyama, Eri Nakamura, Rena Nakano, Mitsuha Shima, Asumi Mae, Yuuna Okabe, Sunmi Park, Noriko Kameyama, Satomi Hirai
AIM: The Japan Diet nutritional education program effects on serum fatty acid compositions for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in middle-aged men brought up in the westernized dietary environment of modern Japan were examined. METHODS: Thirty-three men, 30-49 years of age, attended a nutrition education class and were recommended to consume Japan Diet volumes (more fish, soybeans and soy products, vegetables, seaweed, konjak, mushrooms, and unrefined cereals and less animal fat, meat and poultry with fat, sweets, desserts and snacks, and alcoholic drinks) for 6 weeks...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624723/randomized-clinical-trial-of-rt001-early-signals-of-efficacy-in-friedreich-s-ataxia
#13
Theresa Zesiewicz, Frederic Heerinckx, Robert De Jager, Omid Omidvar, Marcus Kilpatrick, Jessica Shaw, Mikhail S Shchepinov
BACKGROUND: RT001 is a deuterated ethyl linoleate that inhibits lipid peroxidation and is hypothesized to reduce cellular damage and recover mitochondrial function in degenerative diseases such as Friedreich's ataxia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of RT001 in Friedreich's ataxia patients. DESIGN/METHODS: We conducted a phase I/II double-blind, comparator-controlled trial with 2 doses of RT001 in Friedreich's ataxia patients (9 subjects each cohort)...
April 6, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622014/consumption-of-meat-in-relation-to-physical-functioning-in-the-seniors-enrica-cohort
#14
Ellen A Struijk, José R Banegas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther Lopez-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Meat is an important source of high-quality protein and vitamin B but also has a relatively high content of saturated and trans fatty acids. Although protein and vitamin B intake seems to protect people from functional limitations, little is known about the effect of habitual meat consumption on physical function. The objective of this study was to examine the prospective association between the intake of meat (processed meat, red meat, and poultry) and physical function impairment in older adults...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615927/hemodynamic-and-metabolic-assessment-of-neonates-with-punctate-white-matter-lesions-using-phase-contrast-mri-and-t2-relaxation-under-spin-tagging-trust-mri
#15
Ying Qi, Peiying Liu, Zixuan Lin, Hanzhang Lu, Xiaoming Wang
The brain's hemodynamic and metabolism of punctate white matter lesions (PWML) is poorly understood due to a scarcity of non-invasive imaging techniques. The aim of this study was to apply new MRI techniques to quantify cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 ), global cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen saturation fractions in venous blood (Yv) and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in neonates with PWML, for better understanding of the pathophysiology of PWML. Fifty-one newborns were recruited continuously, including 23 neonatal patients with PWML and 28 normal control neonates...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614758/pediatric-age-palm-oil-consumption
#16
Lorenza Di Genova, Laura Cerquiglini, Laura Penta, Anna Biscarini, Susanna Esposito
Palm oil is widely used in the food industry for its chemical/physical properties, low cost and wide availability. Its widespread use has provoked an intense debate about whether it is a potential danger to human health. In a careful review of the scientific literature, we focused on nutritional characteristics and health effects of the use of palm oil with regards to children, seeking to determine whether there is evidence that justifies fears about the health effects of palm oil. Our review showed that palm oil represents a significant source of saturated fatty acids, to which scientific evidence attributes negative health effects when used in excess, especially with regards to cardiovascular diseases...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607093/factors-related-to-reducing-free-sugar-intake-among-white-ethnic-adults-in-the-uk-a-qualitative-study
#17
Said Harith Al Rawahi, Koula Asimakopoulou, Jonathon Timothy Newton
Objective/Aims: To determine the barriers and enablers to behavioural change to reduce free sugar intake related to dental caries in a sample of UK adults who identify their ethnicity as White. Materials and methods: Qualitative study comprising semi-structured interviews of 27 participants. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis methods. The Capability-Opportunity-Motivation-Behaviour model (COM-B) and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) were used to guide the derivation of themes...
2018: BDJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607054/non-alcoholic-steatofibrosis-nasf-can-independently-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld
#18
Pegah Golabi, Maria Stepanova, Huong T Pham, Rebecca Cable, Nila Rafiq, Haley Bush, Trevor Gogoll, Zobair M Younossi
Background: Hepatic fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) independently predicts mortality. Given liver biopsy's invasive nature, non-invasive method to assess hepatic steatosis and fibrosis provides NAFLD risk stratification algorithm in clinical practice. NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) is simple and non-invasive predictive model recommended by American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) Guideline to identify patients with NAFLD with fibrosis risk...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606770/analysis-of-fatty-acid-methyl-esters-and-oxidative-stability-of-seed-purpose-watermelon-citrullus-lanatus-genotypes-for-edible-oil
#19
H R Mahla, S S Rathore, K Venkatesan, R Sharma
World's vegetable oil demand is increasing day by day and oil seed supply is limited to a dozen oil seed crops on commercial scale. Efforts were made to explore the potential of water melon a traditionally grown native crop of Indian arid zone having oil content over 30% and seed yield potential of 500-600 kg per hectare under rainfed conditions. An analysis was carried out to explore the suitability of watermelon [ Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.)] oil for human consumption on the basis of fatty acid (FA) composition in selected genotypes...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606145/are-dietary-inequalities-among-australian-adults-changing-a-nationally-representative-analysis-of-dietary-change-according-to-socioeconomic-position-between-1995-and-2011-13
#20
Dana Lee Olstad, Rebecca M Leech, Katherine M Livingstone, Kylie Ball, Beth Thomas, Jane Potter, Xenia Cleanthous, Rachael Reynolds, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Increasing inequalities in rates of obesity and chronic disease may be partly fuelled by increasing dietary inequalities, however very few nationally representative analyses of socioeconomic trends in dietary inequalities exist. The release of the 2011-13 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey data allows investigation of change in dietary intake according to socioeconomic position (SEP) in Australia using a large, nationally representative sample, compared to the previous national survey in 1995...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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