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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664183/posterior-tibial-perforators-relationship-with-superficial-nerves-and-veins-a-cadaver-study
#1
Antonio Bulla, Alberto Bolletta, Luca Fiorot, Matteo Maffei, Pasquale Bandiera, Vincent Casoli, Andrea Montella, Gian Vittorio Campus
BACKGROUND: Most authors have evaluated the location of lower leg arterial perforators, but little is still known about the relationship between the arterial network and great saphenous vein (GSV) and saphenous nerve (SN). The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the arterial network of the posterior tibial artery perforators, the cutaneous nerves, and the superficial venous system in the lower one third of the leg. METHODS: Eighteen lower limbs from cadavers were used for this study...
April 17, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661081/measuring-visualized-tendon-length-in-peroneal-tendoscopy
#2
Michael Hull, John T Campbell, Clifford L Jeng, R Frank Henn, Rebecca A Cerrato
BACKGROUND: Despite multiple studies outlining peroneal tendoscopy, no study exists to evaluate how effective tendoscopy is at visualizing the peroneal tendons without missing a lesion. We sought to measure the length of the peroneal tendons that could be visualized using tendoscopy. METHODS: Ten fresh cadaveric specimens were evaluated using standard peroneal tendoscopy techniques. Peroneus longus and brevis tendons were pierced percutaneously with Kirschner wires at the edge of what could be seen through the camera...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658979/mini-fragment-fixation-is-equivalent-to-bicortical-screw-fixation-for-horizontal-medial-malleolus-fractures
#3
Adam M Wegner, Philip R Wolinsky, Michael A Robbins, Tanya C Garcia, Derek F Amanatullah
Horizontal fractures of the medial malleolus occur through application of valgus or abduction force through the ankle that creates a tension failure of the medial malleolus. The authors hypothesize that mini-fragment T-plates may offer improved fixation, but the optimal fixation construct for these fractures remains unclear. Forty synthetic distal tibiae with identical osteotomies were randomized into 4 fixation constructs: (1) two parallel unicortical cancellous screws; (2) two parallel bicortical cortical screws; (3) a contoured mini-fragment T-plate with 2 unicortical screws in the fragment and 2 bicortical screws in the shaft; and (4) a contoured mini-fragment T-plate with 2 bicortical screws in the fragment and 2 unicortical screws in the shaft...
April 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652191/evaluation-and-significance-of-mortise-instability-in-supination-external-rotation-fibula-fractures-a-review-article
#4
John Y Kwon, Patrick Cronin, Brian Velasco, Christopher Chiodo
Evaluation and management of ankle fractures has progressed in parallel to an evolving understanding of ankle stability. While stability of the mortise had historically been attributed to the lateral malleolus, Lauge-Hansen's contributions followed by multiple other investigations increased the emphasis on the significance of medial-sided injury in destabilizing the mortise. As the importance of the deltoid ligament has been elucidated, the means of assessing ligamentous incompetence and the prognostic significance of an unstable mortise continue to be defined...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649298/haemophilus-ducreyi-cutaneous-ulcer-contracted-at-seram-island-indonesia-presented-in-the-netherlands
#5
Jarne M van Hattem, Tessa J C Langeveld, Sylvia M Bruisten, Marion Kolader, Martin P Grobusch, Henry J C de Vries, Godelieve J de Bree
OVERVIEW: We describe the first case of a cutaneous ulcer caused by Haemophilus ducreyi imported from Indonesia to the Netherlands. Skin infections caused by H. ducreyi are uncommon in travellers and have been described in just a few case reports and were all contracted on the Pacific Islands. THE CASE: A 22-year-old healthy male visited the Center of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine in February 2017 with a cutaneous ulcer of the right lateral malleolus 4 weeks after returning from Indonesia (Seram and Ambon Islands)...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609267/-effects-of-sural-nerve-nutrition-vess-els-supported-flap-for-reconstruction-of-distal-lower-leg-and-ankle-soft-tissue-defects
#6
D Ding, F Zhao, Y L Huang, X L Li, F Gong, Z C Yao, B W Zhang, Z Y Yang, J M Ma, J Shen, P Wen
Objective: To observe the effects of sural nerve nutrition vessels-supported flap for reconstruction of distal lower leg and ankle soft tissue defects. Methods: From June 2014 to June 2017, 37 patients with calf distal and ankle soft tissue defect were repaired with sural nerve nutrition vessels-supported flap, of them 12 cases with calf distal soft tissue defect wounds and 25 cases with ankle soft tissue defect wounds.The scope of flaps was 9 cm×4 cm to 18 cm×9 cm, anti-infection, anti-freezing and dressing treatments were carried out after operation...
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604557/headless-compression-screw-for-horizontal-medial-malleolus-fractures
#7
Robin Z Cheng, Adam M Wegner, Anthony W Behn, Derek F Amanatullah
BACKGROUND: Horizontal medial malleolus fractures are caused by the application of rotational force through the ankle joint in several orientations. Multiple techniques are available for the fixation of medial malleolar fractures. METHODS: Horizontal medial malleolus osteotomies were performed in eighteen synthetic distal tibiae and randomized into two fixation groups: 1) two parallel unicortical cancellous screws or 2) two Acutrak 2 headless compression screws...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600674/-clinical-efficacy-of-locked-fibular-nail-for-the-treatment-of-lateral-malleolus-fractures-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes
#8
Bing Xie, Shuo Yan, Hao Zhang, Yuan-Wei Wang, Jing Tian
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical outcome of locked fibular nail in treating lateral malleolus fractures in elderly patients with diabetes. METHODS: From July 2012 to July 2014, clinical data of 22 diabetic patients with lateral malleolus fractures were respectively analyzed, including 15 females and 7 males, aged from 62 to 84 years old with an average of (69.3±13.7) years old. According to Danis-Weber classification, 2 cases were type A, 13 cases were type B, 5 cases were type C, and 2 cases were other type...
March 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599074/radiographic-evaluation-of-the-normal-ankle-joint-in-children-and-adolescent
#9
Ki Hyuk Sung, Soon-Sun Kwon, Seung Jun Moon, Seung Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of numerous radiographic measurements of the skeletally immature ankle joint, timing of ossification of medial malleolus and appearance of tibial incisura and differences in the values of radiographic measurements based on age and sex. METHODS: This study included 590 subjects (0-15 years), who underwent ankle AP, lateral and mortise radiographs. Presence of the medial malleolus and incisura fibularis were recorded...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561431/estimation-of-ultrasound-reference-values-for-the-lower-limb-peripheral-nerves-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Mohamed Abdelmohsen Bedewi, Ahmed Abodonya, Mamdouh Kotb, Sanaa Kamal, Gehan Mahmoud, Khaled Aldossari, Abdullah Alqabbani, Sherine Swify
The objective of this study is to estimate the reference values for the lower limb peripheral nerves in adults.The demographics and physical characteristics of 69 adult healthy volunteers were evaluated and recorded. The estimated reference values and their correlations with the age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI) were evaluated.The cross sectional area reference values were obtained at 5 predetermined sites for 3 important lower limb peripheral nerves. Our CSA values correlated significantly with age, weight, and BMI...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557095/transcutaneous-oximetry-variability-in-normal-values-for-the-upper-and-lower-limb
#11
Denise F Blake, Derelle A Young, Lawrence H Brown
INTRODUCTION: Published normal transcutaneous oxygen partial pressures (Ptc O2 ) for the chest and lower limb have defined tissue hypoxia as a value of < 40 mmHg (< 30 mmHg in some patients, < 50 mmHg in others). AIM: To determine 'normal' Ptc O2 for the upper and lower limb in healthy, non-smoking adults using the Radiometer® TCM400 with tc Sensor E5250. METHOD: Thirty-two volunteers had transcutaneous oxygen measurements (TCOM) performed on the chest, upper and lower limbs breathing air, with leg then arm elevated and whilst breathing 100% oxygen...
March 31, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551527/isolated-medial-malleolus-fractures-conventional-techniques-versus-headless-compression-screw-fixation
#12
Tugrul Bulut, Merve Gursoy
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic results of surgically treated isolated medial malleolar fractures and compare the clinical and radiologic results of the fixation methods of headless cannulated fully threaded compression screws and cancellous lag screws and tension band wiring. We included 32 patients who attended the final follow-up examination. Group 1 consisted of 11 patients (34.4%) treated with headless cannulated fully threaded compression screws. Group 2 consisted of 10 patients (31...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551276/femoral-component-rotation-in-patellofemoral-joint-replacement
#13
Hans-Peter W van Jonbergen, Robin E Westerbeek
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes in patellofemoral joint replacement may be related to femoral component rotation. Assessment of rotational alignment is however difficult as patients with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis often have trochlear dysplasia. The use of the medial malleolus as a landmark to guide rotation has been suggested. The purpose of our study was to evaluate this technique with regard to femoral component rotation, and to correlate rotation with clinical outcomes at one-year follow-up...
March 15, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510785/operative-treatment-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-and-flexor-hallucis-longus-tendinopathy-in-dancers-open-versus-endoscopic-approach
#14
A B M Boni Rietveld, F M T Hagemans
Posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS) is a painful, usually limited plantar flexion of the ankle joint due to soft tissue impingement or a bony impediment often coinciding with tendinopathy of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) behind the medial malleolus. In persistent complaints, the bony impediment is removed, the tunnel of the FHL tendon is released, or a combination of both procedures has traditionally been performed by open surgery. In 2000, an endoscopic surgical technique for PAIS and FHL tendinopathy was introduced...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497706/plexiform-neurofibroma-of-the-posterior-tibial-nerve-misdiagnosed-as-proximal-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Sang Hyun Nam, Jung Yeon Kim, Jaeki Ahn, Yongbum Park
Plexiform neurofibromas of the foot are rare, benign tumors of the peripheral nerves. Diagnosis can be challenging if they present with symptoms mimicking other peripheral nerve pathologies. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment syndrome of the entire tibial nerve behind the medial malleolus and under the flexor retinaculum. The clinical presentation typically includes posteromedial pain, positive Tinel's sign, and neurogenic signs, including both the sensation of numbness and the actual hypoesthesia and clawing of the toes...
January 2018: The surgery journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463493/effect-of-impulsive-compression-treatment-on-postoperative-complications-after-open-peripheral-vascular-revascularization-in-situ-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#16
Tenna Klit, Marie Dahl, Kim Christian Houlind, Hans Ravn
BACKGROUND: In patients with critical leg ischemia (CLI), the standard operative choice is an in situ bypass to the lower extremity to improve the patients´ prognosis and quality of life. Postoperative complications after surgery occur in 18 % of the patients, prolonging hospitalization and convalescence. The main operative complication is edema. This can be prevented by early mobilization or stimulation of the natural venous pump in the leg. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether compression therapy with foot pump reduces postoperative edema, facilitates wound healing of the operation wounds, promotes healing of ischemic ulcers, and shortens hospitalization, increasing and improving the patient's subjective quality of life faster...
February 20, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413771/population-based-epidemiology-of-9767-ankle-fractures
#17
Rasmus Elsoe, Svend E Ostgaard, Peter Larsen
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to provide up-to-date information concerning the incidence of ankle fractures in a large and complete population including all age groups, spanning a decade, and report the distribution of fractures, trauma mechanism and patient baseline demographics. METHODS: Population-based epidemiological study of all patients treated for an ankle fracture in a 10-year period from 2005 to 2014. RESULTS: A total of 9767 patients with ankle fractures were treated between 2005 and 2014...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409300/lateral-malleolus-closed-reduction-and-internal-fixation-with-intramedullary-fibular-rod-using-minimal-invasive-approach-for-the-treatment-of-ankle-fractures
#18
Oded Coifman, Jason T Bariteau, Nachshon Shazar, Shay A Tenenbaum
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures are extremely common and represent nearly one quarter of all lower-limb fractures. Techniques for fixation of displaced fractures of the lateral malleolus have remained essentially unchanged in recent decades. The current gold standard of treating unstable fractures is with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), using plates and screws construct. This study evaluates the use of fibula intramedullary nailing based on minimal invasive surgical approach...
September 7, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409246/prospective-study-of-the-inside-out-arthroscopic-ankle-ligament-technique-preliminary-result
#19
Caio Nery, Lucas Fonseca, Fernando Raduan, Marcus Moreno, Daniel Baumfeld
BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle ligament injury is among the most common orthopedic injuries. The objective of this study is to present the preliminary prospective results of treatment using the "Inside-Out" variant of the fully arthroscopic Broström-Gould technique. METHODS: Twenty six patients were included: 20 male and 6 female, aged 19-60 years, mean 41 years. All patients had positive "anterior drawer" and "talar tilt" tests. When necessary, cartilage injuries were treated with microfracture and arthroscopic resection for anterior impingement; three patients had hindfoot varus, on whom Dwyer osteotomy was performed; one patient had peroneal tendinopathy and was treated with tendoscopic debridement and another one had partial injury of the deltoid ligament, which was treated by direct repair...
March 22, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409203/intramedullary-fixation-of-lateral-malleolus-using-fibula-rod-system-in-ankle-fractures-in-the-elderly
#20
Sudhakar Rao Challagundla, Sandeep Shewale, Calum Cree, Amanda Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Operative management of ever increasing ankle fractures in the elderly need a reliable system of internal fixation. We present results of one such fixation, Fibula Rod System. METHODS: Patients who underwent Fibula Rod System were included. Fracture union rate, complications, time to weight bearing and patient satisfaction using FAAM score were studied. RESULTS: The mean age of the fifteen patients included was 74 years. Satisfactory reduction was achieved and maintained in all...
April 27, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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