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Rehabilitation therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937044/priming-of-the-cells-hypoxic-preconditioning-for-stem-cell-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Zheng Z Wei, Yan-Bing Zhu, James Y Zhang, Myles R McCrary, Song Wang, Yong-Bo Zhang, Shan-Ping Yu, Ling Wei
OBJECTIVE: Stem cell-based therapies are promising in regenerative medicine for protecting and repairing damaged brain tissues after injury or in the context of chronic diseases. Hypoxia can induce physiological and pathological responses. A hypoxic insult might act as a double-edged sword, it induces cell death and brain damage, but on the other hand, sublethal hypoxia can trigger an adaptation response called hypoxic preconditioning or hypoxic tolerance that is of immense importance for the survival of cells and tissues...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934966/effectiveness-of-an-interactive-telerehabilitation-system-with-home-based-exercise-training-in-patients-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-superiority-no-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sarah Eichler, Sophie Rabe, Annett Salzwedel, Steffen Müller, Josefine Stoll, Nina Tilgner, Michael John, Karl Wegscheider, Frank Mayer, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Total hip or knee replacement is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Physical rehabilitation following total hip or knee replacement is an essential part of the therapy to improve functional outcomes and quality of life. After discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, a subsequent postoperative exercise therapy is needed to maintain functional mobility. Telerehabilitation may be a potential innovative treatment approach. We aim to investigate the superiority of an interactive telerehabilitation intervention for patients after total hip or knee replacement, in comparison to usual care, regarding physical performance, functional mobility, quality of life and pain...
September 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934893/what-works-in-israeli-prison-based-sex-offender-rehabilitation-programs-program-participants-perspective
#3
Brenda Geiger, Michael Fischer
This study invited 10 of the 22 sex offenders enrolled in a prison-based rehabilitation program in one of the prisons in Israel to engage in the two first of the 4-D ( Discover, Dream, Design, and Deliver) stages of the Appreciative Inquiry . Consistent with the responsivity principle, and the IA tenets, program participants were interviewed to Discover components to which they were responsive and Dream/envision additional ones that would increase engagement and progress. Content analysis of the interviews indicated that despite the initial decision to enrol based on external incentives, participants eventually engaged in group therapy and expressed the desire to understand and regulate their sexual behaviour...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932000/the-influences-of-the-mental-practice-on-the-quality-of-life-of-the-stroke-patients
#4
JuHyung Park
[Purpose] The purpose of this research is to take a look at the influences of the mental practice on the quality of life of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Through a randomization of 32 stroke patients, this research allocated the experimental group (n=15) and the control group (n=17). Regarding the experimental group, the imagination practice intervention and the ordinary rehabilitation therapy had been applied 1 time a day and 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Regarding the control group, the ordinary rehabilitation therapy had been provided during the same session as that of the experimental group...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931985/effects-of-magnetic-field-therapy-after-taping-application-on-pain-and-function-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Sang-Hyuck Park, Young-Han Park, Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of study was to investigate the effect of taping applied before magnetic field therapy. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients who diagnosed with knee arthritis by a specialist in the rehabilitation department were divided into three groups using the random allocation method. The control group received 15 min general physiotherapy. For the experimental group 1, non-elastic taping was applied to the medial side of the knee after general physiotherapy, followed by a 15 min magnetic field therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931377/the-rehabilitation-enhancing-aging-through-connected-health-reach-study-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-clinical-trial
#6
Meng Ni, Lorna G Brown, Danielle Lawler, Terry D Ellis, Tamara Deangelis, Nancy K Latham, Jennifer Perloff, Steve J Atlas, Sanja Percac-Lima, Jonathan F Bean
BACKGROUND: Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. However, there is insufficient evidence identifying a healthcare model that targets prevention of mobility decline among older adults. The objective of this study is to evaluate the preliminary effectiveness of a physical therapy program, augmented with mobile tele-health technology, on mobility function and healthcare utilization among older adults...
September 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931096/-nutrition-therapy-of-cancer-patients
#7
József Lövey
The majority of cancer patients becomes malnourished during the course of their disease. Malnutrition deteriorates the efficiency of all kinds of oncologic interventions. As a consequence of it, treatment-related toxicity increases, hospital stay is lengthened, chances of cure and survival as well as the quality of life of the patients worsen. Nutritional status therefore influences all aspects of outcome of oncology care. In spite of this the use of nutritional therapy varies across health care providers but its application is far from being sufficient during active oncology interventions as well as rehabilitation and supportive care...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930819/recovery-of-an-injured-corticobulbar-tract-in-a-patient-with-stroke-a-case-report
#8
Sungho Jang, Jonghoon Kim, Yousung Seo, Soyoung Kwak
RATIONALE: The corticobulbar tract (CBT) is known to be involved in the motor function of the non-oculomotor cranial nuclei and controls the muscles of the face, head, and neck. Several studies have reported injury of the CBT in patients with brain injury, however, little is known about recovery of the injured CBT. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old right-handed male underwent decompressive craniectomy for management of brain swelling and intracerebral hemorrhage following an infarction in the left middle cerebral artery territory...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930813/temporal-changes-in-prescription-of-neuropharmacologic-drugs-and-utilization-of-resources-related-to-neurologic-morbidity-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-with-bronchiolitis
#9
Steven L Shein, Katherine Slain, Deanne Wilson-Costello, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta
OBJECTIVES: Critically ill children with bronchiolitis may require neuropharmacologic medications and support for neuro-functional sequelae, but current practices are not well described. We aimed to describe recent trends in neuropharmacology and utilization of neuro-rehabilitation resources in mechanically ventilated children with bronchiolitis. DESIGN: Analysis of the multicenter Pediatric Health Information System database. SETTING: Forty-seven U...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929919/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-therapy-assisted-walking-after-chronic-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-effects-on-bone-biomarkers-and-bone-strength
#10
B Catharine Craven, Lora M Giangregorio, S Mohammad Alavinia, Lindsie A Blencowe, Naaz Desai, Sander L Hitzig, Kei Masani, Milos R Popovic
To determine the efficacy of functional electrical stimulation therapy assisted walking (FES-T) compared to a conventional aerobic and resistance training (CONV) with respect to bone biomarkers and lower extremity bone strength outcomes among adults with chronic motor incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Design Parallel group randomized controlled trial ( www.clinicaltrials.gov - NCT0020196819). Site Tertiary academic rehabilitation centre in Canada. Methods Adults with chronic (≥18 months) motor incomplete SCI (C2-T12 AIS C-D) were consented and randomized to FES-T or CONV training for 45 minutes thrice-weekly for 4 months...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929424/aphasia-as-a-predictor-of-stroke-outcome
#11
REVIEW
Ronald M Lazar, Amelia K Boehme
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aphasia is a common feature of stroke, affecting 21-38% of acute stroke patients and an estimated 1 million stroke survivors. Although stroke, as a syndrome, is the leading cause of disability in the USA, less is known about the independent impact of aphasia on stroke outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: During the acute stroke period, aphasia has been found to increase length of stay, inpatient complications, overall neurological disability, mortality, and to alter discharge disposition...
September 19, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928708/neural-patterns-of-reorganization-after-intensive-robot-assisted-virtual-reality-therapy-and-repetitive-task-practice-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#12
Soha Saleh, Gerard Fluet, Qinyin Qiu, Alma Merians, Sergei V Adamovich, Eugene Tunik
Several approaches to rehabilitation of the hand following a stroke have emerged over the last two decades. These treatments, including repetitive task practice (RTP), robotically assisted rehabilitation and virtual rehabilitation activities, produce improvements in hand function but have yet to reinstate function to pre-stroke levels-which likely depends on developing the therapies to impact cortical reorganization in a manner that favors or supports recovery. Understanding cortical reorganization that underlies the above interventions is therefore critical to inform how such therapies can be utilized and improved and is the focus of the current investigation...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928706/early-stroke-rehabilitation-of-the-upper-limb-assisted-with-an-electromyography-driven-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-robotic-arm
#13
Qiuyang Qian, Xiaoling Hu, Qian Lai, Stephanie C Ng, Yongping Zheng, Waisang Poon
BACKGROUND: Effective poststroke motor rehabilitation depends on repeated limb practice with voluntary efforts. An electromyography (EMG)-driven neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)-robot arm was designed for the multi-joint physical training on the elbow, the wrist, and the fingers. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the training effects of the device-assisted approach on subacute stroke patients and to compare the effects with those achieved by the traditional physical treatments...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928631/glaucoma-biological-trabecular-and-neuroretinal-pathology-with-perspectives-of-therapy-innovation-and-preventive-diagnosis
#14
REVIEW
Raffaele Nuzzi, Federico Tridico
Glaucoma is a common degenerative disease affecting retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and optic nerve axons, with progressive and chronic course. It is one of the most important reasons of social blindness in industrialized countries. Glaucoma can lead to the development of irreversible visual field loss, if not treated. Diagnosis may be difficult due to lack of symptoms in early stages of disease. In many cases, when patients arrive at clinical evaluation, a severe neuronal damage may have already occurred. In recent years, newer perspective in glaucoma treatment have emerged...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928195/reach-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-trial-of-rehabilitation-very-early-in-congenital-hemiplegia
#15
Roslyn N Boyd, Jenny Ziviani, Leanne Sakzewski, Iona Novak, Nadia Badawi, Kerstin Pannek, Catherine Elliott, Susan Greaves, Andrea Guzzetta, Koa Whittingham, Jane Valentine, Cathy Morgan, Margaret Wallen, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Lisa Findlay, Robert Ware, Simona Fiori, Stephen Rose
OBJECTIVES: Congenital hemiplegia is the most common form of cerebral palsy (CP). Children with unilateral CP show signs of upper limb asymmetry by 8 months corrected age (ca) but are frequently not referred to therapy until after 12 months ca. This study compares the efficacy of infant-friendly modified constraint-induced movement therapy (Baby mCIMT) to infant friendly bimanual therapy (Baby BIM) on upper limb, cognitive and neuroplasticity outcomes in a multisite randomised comparison trial...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927228/management-of-chronic-pain-through-pain-management-programmes
#16
I R Wilson
Introduction: Chronic pain carries significant impact and is difficult to treat with limited success. Pain management programmes (PMPs) use cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based multidisciplinary rehabilitative approaches to drive functional improvement. Sources of data: A search was conducted using Medline and the Cochrane Library to identify published literature about PMPs or CBT to treat chronic pain. Areas of agreement: PMPs have significant benefit on functioning for some patients but relatively little impact on the pain...
September 13, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926470/acceptability-and-practicality-of-the-turkish-translation-of-pediatric-gait-arm-legs-and-spine-in-turkish-children
#17
Ezgi Deniz Batu, Özge Keniş Coşkun, Hafize Emine Sönmez, Duygu Karali, Elif Arslanoğlu Aydin, Yelda Bilginer, Evrim Karadağ Saygi, Seza Özen
BACKGROUND: The pediatric Gait, Arms, Leg, and Spine (pGALS) is a practical questionnaire for musculoskeletal (MSK) system evaluation in school-age children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability/practicality of pGALS Turkish translation in Turkey (cross-sectional study). METHODS: The Turkish translation of pGALS was administered to children (4-18 years) who attended to the Pediatric Emergency Department of Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey, and the outpatient clinic of the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department of Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey, during 1 month in 2016...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924412/adding-access-to-a-video-magnifier-to-standard-vision-rehabilitation-initial-results-on-reading-performance-and-well-being-from-a-prospective-randomized-study
#18
Mary Lou Jackson, Kimberly A Schoessow, Alexandra Selivanova, Jennifer Wallis
PURPOSE: Both optical and electronic magnification are available to patients with low vision. Electronic video magnifiers are more expensive than optical magnifiers, but they offer additional benefits, including variable magnification and contrast. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of access to a video magnifier (VM) added to standard comprehensive vision rehabilitation (VR). METHODS: In this prospective study, 37 subjects with central field loss were randomized to receive standard VR (VR group, 18 subjects) or standard VR plus VM (VM group, 19 subjects)...
2017: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology: DJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923661/the-influence-of-the-aquatic-environment-on-the-center-of-pressure-impulses-and-upper-and-lower-trunk-accelerations-during-gait-initiation
#19
Andresa R Marinho-Buzelli, Kei Masani, Hossein Rouhani, Ana M Barela, Gustavo T B Fernandes, Mary C Verrier, Milos R Popovic
Gait initiation is defined as the transition from stationary standing to steady-state walking. Despite the frequent use of therapy pools for training walking in early stages of rehabilitation, none have been reported on the effects of immersion on gait initiation. We aimed to analyze the center of pressure (COP) trajectories, the vertical and anteroposterior impulses and upper and lower trunk accelerations during anticipatory (APA) and execution phases of gait initiation. In the COP trajectory, the execution (EXE) phase was further subdivided in two phases: predominantly mediolateral (EXE1), and predominantly anteroposterior (EXE2)...
September 8, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923500/priorities-for-closing-the-evidence-practice-gaps-in-post-stroke-aphasia-rehabilitation-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Kirstine Shrubsole, Linda Worrall, Emma Power, Denise A O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: To identify implementation priorities for post-stroke aphasia management relevant to the Australian healthcare context. DATA SOURCES: Using systematized searches of databases (CINAHL, Medline), guideline and stroke websites, and other sources, evidence was identified and extracted for seven implementation criteria for 13 topic areas relevant to aphasia management. These seven priority-setting criteria were identified in the implementation literature; strength of the evidence; current evidence-practice gap; clinician preference; client preference; modifiability; measurability; and health impact...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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