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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926447/motivation-and-attention-following-hemispheric-stroke
#1
E Olgiati, C Russell, D Soto, P Malhotra
Spatial neglect (SN) is an extremely common disorder of attention; it is most frequently a consequence of stroke, especially to the right cerebral hemisphere. The current view of SN is that it is not a unitary deficit but a multicomponent syndrome. Crucially, it has been repeatedly shown that it has a considerable negative impact on rehabilitation outcome. Although a number of behavioral and pharmacological therapies have been developed, none of these appears to be applicable to all patients with SN or has proved unequivocally successful in clinical trials...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#2
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923391/erratum-to-robot-assisted-and-conventional-therapies-produce-distinct-rehabilitative-trends-in-stroke-survivors
#3
Francisco J Valero-Cuevas, Verena Klamroth-Marganska, Carolee J Winstein, Robert Riener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923243/-evaluation-of-contextual-factors-in-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#4
N I Bülau, F Kessemeier, F Petermann, M Bassler, A Kobelt
Objectives: Although individualized and ICF-oriented implementation of rehabilitation treatment requires knowledge of relevant contextual factors, there is a lack of operationalized documentation and measurement tools to evaluate these factors. Therefore, an ICF-oriented semi-structured interview was designed. Methods: 20 contextual factors were externally assessed whether they negatively affected mental functioning and participation of psychosomatic patients. Additionally, psychometric scales were applied...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923242/-social-inequalities-and-rehabilitation-among-patients-with-mental-illness
#5
K Hofreuter-Gätgens, R Deck, O von dem Knesebeck
Objectives: The concept of social position ("soziale Lagen") includes horizontal (gender, age) and vertical (occupation, education) indicators of social inequalities. For the first time, this concept is used to identify health and health care inequalities among rehabilitation patients with mental illness. Methods: Analyses are based on a survey of 327 patients with mental illness in rehabilitation clinics in northern Germany. Social inequalities are analyzed according to psychosocial health at baseline, utilization of therapies during the stay and psychosocial health 4 month after discharge by applying bi- and multivariate statistical procedures...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922660/combined-vision-and-wearable-sensors-based-system-for-movement-analysis-in-rehabilitation
#6
Sofija Spasojević, Tihomir V Ilić, Slađan Milanović, Veljko Potkonjak, Aleksandar Rodić, José Santos-Victor
BACKGROUND: Traditional rehabilitation sessions are often a slow, tedious, disempowering and non-motivational process, supported by clinical assessment tools, i.e. evaluation scales that are prone to subjective rating and imprecise interpretation of patient's performance. Poor patient motivation and insufficient accuracy are thus critical factors that can be improved by new sensing / processing technologies. OBJECTIVES: We aim to develop a portable and affordable system, suitable for home rehabilitation, which combines vision-based and wearable sensors...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922288/medial-gastrocnemius-myotendinous-junction-displacement-and-plantar-flexion-strength-in-patients-treated-with-immediate-rehabilitation-after-achilles-tendon-repair
#7
Carlos I De la Fuente, Roberto Peña Y Lillo, Rodrigo Ramirez Campillo, Pablo Ortega-Auriol, Mauricio Delgado, Joel Alvarez-Ruf, Gabriel Carreño
CONTEXT:  Pathologic plantar flexion frequently occurs after operative repair of the Achilles tendon (AT) because of immobilization and non-weight bearing in the first weeks of traditional rehabilitation. Novel rehabilitation strategies that apply mobilization and weight bearing have been proposed, but their effects on medial gastrocnemius myotendinous junction displacement (MJD) and isometric plantar-flexion strength (PFS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 12 weeks of immediate versus traditional rehabilitation on MJD and PFS in patients with percutaneous AT repair and to compare AT rupture scores (ATRSs) during follow-up...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919862/spinal-cord-injury-assessing-tolerability-and-use-of-combined-rehabilitation-and-neuroaid-saturn-study-protocol-of-an-exploratory-study-in-assessing-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-neuroaid-amongst-people-who-sustain-severe-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Ramesh Kumar, Ohnmar Htwe, Azmi Baharudin, Mohammad Hisam Ariffin, Shaharuddin Abdul Rhani, Kamalnizat Ibrahim, Aishah Rustam, Robert Gan
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition with limited therapeutic options despite decades of research. Current treatment options include use of steroids, surgery, and rehabilitation. Nevertheless, many patients with SCI remain disabled. MLC601 (NeuroAiD), a combination of natural products, has been shown to be safe and to aid neurological recovery after brain injuries and may have a potential role in improving recovery after SCI. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of NeuroAiD amongst people who sustain SCI in the study setting...
December 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919560/posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-in-football-players-case-series-of-26-elite-athletes
#9
Savaş Kudaş, Gürhan Dönmez, Çetin Işık, Mesut Çelebi, Nurdan Çay, Murat Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical treatment algorithm for posterior ankle impingement (PAI) syndrome in professional football players. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case series of 26 elite professional football players diagnosed and treated for posterior ankle impingement syndrome were included for the study. All of the athletes received conservative treatment with physical therapy modalities initially. If the first line medical treatment and rehabilitation was ineffective to alleviate the symptoms, ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection was proposed and thereafter the patients underwent posterior ankle arthroscopy if the complaints are still unresolved...
December 3, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919206/differences-and-similarities-in-therapeutic-mode-use-between-occupational-therapists-and-occupational-therapy-students-in-norway
#10
Tove Carstensen, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The Intentional Relationship Model (IRM) is a new model of the therapeutic relationship in occupational therapy practice. Two previous studies have focused on therapist communication style, or 'mode' use, but to date no group comparisons have been reported. AIM: To explore differences between occupational therapists and occupational therapy students with regard to their therapeutic mode use. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional design, and convenience samples consisting of occupational therapists (n = 109) and of second-year occupational therapy students (n = 96) were recruited...
December 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918865/evidence-based-practice-in-the-management-of-lower-limb-lymphedema-after-gynecological-cancer
#11
Lisandra Fossari Iwersen, Fabiana Flores Sperandio, Ariana Machado Toriy, Marina Palú, Clarissa Medeiros da Luz
PURPOSE: Lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is characterized as a physical-functional chronic complication that impacts the quality of life of women who have gone through treatment for gynecological cancer. The present study aims to check the conservative treatments available for lymphedema after gynecological cancer in the context of evidence-based practice. METHODS: The selection criteria included papers from May 1993 discussing treatment protocols used in LLL after treatment for gynecological cancer...
December 5, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917813/attitudes-of-university-students-towards-domestic-violence-against-women
#12
Demet Aktaş
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of university students towards domestic violence against women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on students attending the School of Nursing and School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation at a university in Turkey. The study was conducted between February 2015 and May 2015. The study was conducted on 415 volunteer students without resorting to the sampling selection method. Data were collected using a Personal Information Form and The Scale of Attitude Toward Domestic Violence...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917704/parent-child-interaction-in-motor-speech-therapy
#13
Aravind Kumar Namasivayam, Vibhuti Jethava, Margit Pukonen, Anna Huynh, Debra Goshulak, Robert Kroll, Pascal van Lieshout
PURPOSE: This study measures the reliability and sensitivity of a modified Parent-Child Interaction Observation scale (PCIOs) used to monitor the quality of parent-child interaction. The scale is part of a home-training program employed with direct motor speech intervention for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Eighty-four preschool age children with speech sound disorders were provided either high- (2×/week/10 weeks) or low-intensity (1×/week/10 weeks) motor speech intervention...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916706/the-influence-of-test-positions-on-clinical-assessment-for-scapular-dyskinesis
#14
Simin Deng, Kang Chen, Yanhong Ma, Juan Chen, Mi Huang
BACKGROUND: Appropriate evaluation of scapular dyskinesis is essential for therapy strategies. Although the current visual-based assessment is rapid and practical, the reliability of this method is unsatisfactory. It is necessary to adequately understand the conditions of assessment to maximize the benefit of therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of different test positions on clinical assessment for scapular dyskinesis. DESIGN: Observational study...
December 1, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915580/a-crossover-trial-comparing-wide-dynamic-range-compression-and-frequency-compression-in-hearing-aids-for-tinnitus-therapy
#15
Shirley-Anne Hodgson, Regina Herdering, Giriraj Singh Shekhawat, Grant D Searchfield
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that frequency lowering may be a superior tinnitus reducing digital signal processing (DSP) strategy in hearing aids than conventional amplification. A crossover trial was undertaken to determine if frequency compression (FC) was superior to wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) in reducing tinnitus. METHOD: A 6-8-week crossover trial of two digital signal-processing techniques (WDRC and 2 WDRC with FC) was undertaken in 16 persons with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss and chronic tinnitus...
January 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915068/effects-of-the-pulsed-ultrasound-therapy-on-sensory-nerve-conduction-parameters-and-the-pain-threshold-perceptions-in-humans
#16
Othmar Schuhfried, Damir Vukanovic, Christian Kollmann, Karin Pieber, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic ultrasound is a often used clinical modality in the non-surgical treatment of entrapment neuropathies. To date the possible mechanism of action of pulsed ultrasound therapy on the peripheral nerve in the treatment of entrapment neuropathies is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of pulsed ultrasound therapy on peripheral nerve conduction parameters. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, single blind, cross-over study...
November 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912999/palliative-care-and-physiatry-in-the-oncology-care-spectrum-an-opportunity-for-distinct-and-collaborative-approaches
#17
REVIEW
Vishwa S Raj, Julie K Silver, Terrence M Pugh, Jack B Fu
As cancer evolves from a terminal illness to a chronic medical condition, so too does the view of clinical services. Palliative care and physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) will increase in acceptance because they provide a valuable resource. The overarching theme is improving cancer-related symptoms or treatment-related side effects, improving patient health-related quality of life, lessening caregiver burden, and valuing patient-centered care and shared decision making. Managing symptom burden may improve therapy participation/performance...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912998/electrodiagnosis-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#18
REVIEW
Christian M Custodio
With numerous advancements in early detection and multimodal therapy, cancer has become a chronic disease. As the number of cancer survivors continues to increase, physiatrists and other neuromuscular disease specialists are more likely to encounter individuals with residual impairments, disabilities, and/or handicaps resulting from cancer or related treatments. The patient with cancer is especially prone to injury directed at the peripheral nervous system at multiple anatomic levels. Electrodiagnosis is an invaluable tool in the evaluation of neuromuscular disorders in this patient population...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912994/deconstructing-postmastectomy-syndrome-implications-for-physiatric-management
#19
REVIEW
Eric Wisotzky, Nicole Hanrahan, Thomas P Lione, Susan Maltser
Postmastectomy pain syndrome is a common sequela of breast cancer treatment that can lead to impairments and limited participation in work, recreational, and family roles. Pain can originate from multiple anatomic sites. A detailed evaluation to determine the specific cause or causes of pain will help guide the clinician to successfully manage this pain syndrome. There are many available treatments, but more evidence is needed for the efficacy of rehabilitation, pharmacologic, and nonpharmacologic therapy. There is evidence for some effective treatments to prevent this syndrome, but, here also, more research is needed...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912991/malignant-spinal-cord-compression-adapting-conventional-rehabilitation-approaches
#20
REVIEW
Lisa Marie Ruppert
Spinal tumors are classically grouped into 3 categories: extradural, intradural extramedullary, and intradural intramedullary. Spinal tumors may cause spinal cord compression and vascular compromise resulting in pain or neurologic compromise. They may also alter the architecture of the spinal column, resulting in spinal instability. Oncologic management of spinal tumors varies according to the stability of the spine, neurologic status, and presence of pain. Treatment options include surgical intervention, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal manipulation...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
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