Read by QxMD icon Read

Rehabilitation therapy

A Rampello, P Papi, G Pompa, A Rampello, A Polimeni, C Di Paolo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate functionality and clinical application of a novel immediate device in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). To address the research purpose, authors developed and implemented a randomized control clinical trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients were enrolled in this study and were randomly divided into two subgroups based on the treatment applied: patient group (PG) and control group (CG). The CG was not subjected to any kind of treatment, even placebo, in order to be able to assess the spontaneous development of the pathology over time...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book on Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe this paper deals with the scope and competencies of PRM starting from its definition as the "medicine of functioning." PRM uses the rehabilitative health strategy as its core strategy together with the curative strategy. According to the complexity of disabling health conditions, PRM also refers to prevention and maintenance and provides information to the patients and other caregivers. The rehabilitation process according to the so-called rehabilitation cycle including an assessment and definition of the (individual) rehabilitation goals, assignment to the rehabilitation program evaluation of individual outcomes...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper describes the background to the context of PRM services and comprises the following: - Epidemiological Aspects of Functioning and Disability - Ethical Aspects and Human Rights - Rehabilitation and Health Systems - Economic Burden of Disability - Effects of Lack of Rehabilitation Health care service planning accounts for the burden of disability among society and the chapter describes the justification for specialist rehabilitation, the background of PRM and why making a functional diagnosis and a management plan based on function is its core competence...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Jannette Maree Blennerhassett, Karen Nancy Borschmann, Ruby Adelaide Lipson-Smith, Julie Bernhardt
AIM: To explore the use of a rehabilitation-focused behavioral mapping method to identify changes in patient physical activity, location, and social interaction following the relocation of a rehabilitation ward. BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation wards are unique healthcare environments where patient activity is encouraged to improve recovery. Little is known about the impact of building design on patient behavior within a rehabilitation setting. We examined this issue when a rehabilitation ward was relocated without altering other aspects of the healthcare service...
January 1, 2018: HERD
Bea Essers, Sarah Meyer, Nele De Bruyn, Annick Van Gils, Leonardo Boccuni, Lisa Tedesco Triccas, André Peeters, Vincent Thijs, Hilde Feys, Geert Verheyden
PURPOSE: To investigate the relation between observed and perceived upper limb motor function in patients with chronic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated 32 patients at six months after stroke with the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (observed function) and hand subscale of the Stroke Impact Scale (perceived function). Spearman correlation was calculated to relate observed and perceived function. Through cut-off scores, we divided our sample in low (Fugl-Meyer Assessment <31/66) and good observed function, and low (hand subscale of Stroke Impact Scale <61/100) and good perceived function...
March 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Alessandra Moletto, Irene Bagnasco, Patrizia Dassi, Piernanda Vigliano
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term neurocognitive changes of a right-handed girl with intractable epilepsy after late right hemispherectomy and compare them with data in the literature. METHOD: The girl was affected by an epileptic encephalopathy associated with right fronto-temporo-parietal polymicrogyria; she was submitted to right hemispherectomy at the age of 5 and examined with cognitive and neuropsychological tests at the age of 17 years. The girl took advantage of neurocognitive rehabilitation for several years; she is currently seizure-free and off therapy...
March 21, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Steven J Barad, Stephen M Howell, Joyce Tom
Background: It is controversial whether shortening the average length of hospital stay and increasing discharge from a rehabilitation facility to home with either health care or outpatient physical therapy is safe and cost-effective. Methods: We computed the average length of hospital stay; the rate of discharge to a rehabilitation facility, home with health care, or home with outpatient physical therapy; the all-cause readmission rate within 30 days of discharge per year; and cost savings for 2328 consecutive patients treated with a unilateral primary total knee replacement between 2009 and 2014...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
Michael P Kilgard, Robert L Rennaker, Jen Alexander, Jesse Dawson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) paired with rehabilitation can enhance neural plasticity in the primary sensory and motor cortices, improve forelimb function after stroke in animal models and improve motor function in patients with arm weakness after stroke. OBJECTIVE: To gain "first-in-man" experience of VNS paired with tactile training in a patient with severe sensory impairment after stroke. METHODS: During the long-term follow-up phase of a clinical trial of VNS paired with motor rehabilitation, a 71-year-old man who had made good motor recovery had ongoing severe sensory loss in his left hand and arm...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
Bryan M Gee, L Derek Gerber, Rebecca Butikofer, Nicole Covington, Kimberly Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Neurological rehabilitation specialists must determine appropriate dosage, consisting of frequency, intensity, and duration of specified treatments. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to perform a content analysis of the current literature related to dosage (duration, frequency and intensity) for constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) in the adult population. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted which yielded 62 scholarly articles...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
A Thibaut, S Wannez, T Deltombe, G Martens, S Laureys, C Chatelle
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a frequent complication after severe brain injury, which may prevent the rehabilitation process and worsen the patients' quality of life. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the correlation between spasticity, muscle contracture, and the frequency of physical therapy (PT) in subacute and chronic patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). METHODS: 109 patients with subacute and chronic disorders of consciousness (Vegetative state/Unresponsive wakefulness syndrome - VS/UWS; minimally conscious state - MCS and patients who emerged from MCS - EMCS) were included in the study (39 female; mean age: 40±13...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
Eloise G Harrison, Jennifer L Keating, Prue E Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterised by an uncomfortable urge to move the legs. Management is primarily pharmacological. Effects for non-pharmacological, non-surgical options are published but lack systematic examination. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise results of non-pharmacological/non-surgical treatment compared to no-treatment controls or alternative treatment for RLS on any relevant outcome. METHODS: Databases and reference lists of reviews were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing non-pharmacological treatment to alternative or no treatment controls for idiopathic RLS...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
T V Agibalova, I I Akhmetzyanov, R F Khaeva, G L Udachina, K N Poplevchenkov, A V Orlova, O V Nedobylskiy
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of treatment of patients at risk of deprivation of parental rights due to alcohol dependence under the 'Point of Soberness' program including psychotherapy and intramuscular injections of extended-release naltrexone (vivitrol). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Results of therapy of 45 patients, 39 women and 6 men, are presented. Out of 45 patients, 42 (93.3%) received a full course of injections of prolonged naltrexone (6 or more) as part of a comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation program...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Chantal Roddy, Nikki Rickard, Jeanette Tamplin, Young-Eun C Lee, Felicity Anne Baker
Acquired brain injury (ABI) presents a significant threat to sense of self and necessitates a complex process of psychosocial adjustment. Self-concept changes remain understudied in the early stages of inpatient rehabilitation. The aim of the current study was to examine changes in self-concept, distress, wellbeing and functional skills for five inpatients undertaking a music therapy intervention within a subacute rehabilitation centre in Victoria, Australia. Participants completed a six-week, 12-session therapeutic songwriting programme to produce past-, current- and future-self-focused songs...
March 21, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Yeong Guk Lee, Seung Chan Kim, Si-Bog Park, Mi Jung Kim
Hennekam syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from malformation of the lymphatic system. The characteristic signs of Hennekam syndrome are lymphangiectasia, lymph edema, facial anomalies, and mental retardation. This is a case in which a patient presented with left-arm lymphedema, facial-feature anomalies, and multiple organ lymphangiectasia consistent with symptoms of Hennekam syndrome. There is no curative therapy at this time, but rehabilitative treatments including complete decongestive therapy for edema control appeared to be beneficial...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Chang Hyun Lee, Jong Kyu Kim, Hyun Jung Jun, Duk-Joo Lee, Wook Namkoong, Jae Ho Oh
Objective: To evaluate the compliance and satisfaction of rehabilitation recommendations for advanced cancer patients hospitalized in the palliative care unit. Methods: Advanced cancer patients admitted to a hospice palliative care unit were recruited. Patients with advanced cancer and a life expectancy of less than 6 months, as assumed by the oncologist were included. Patients who were expected to die within 3 days were excluded. ECOG and Karnofsky performance scales, function ambulatory category, level of ambulation, and survival days were evaluated under the perspective of comprehensive rehabilitation...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Joseph Scafidi, Jonathan Ritter, Brooke M Talbot, Jorge Edwards, Li-Jin Chew, Vittorio Gallo
Newly developed targeted anticancer drugs inhibit signaling pathways commonly altered in adult and pediatric cancers. However, as these pathways are also essential for normal brain development, concerns have emerged of neurologic sequelae resulting specifically from their application in pediatric cancers. The neural substrates and age dependency of these drug-induced effects in vivo are unknown, and their long-term behavioral consequences have not been characterized. This study defines the age-dependent cellular and behavioral effects of these drugs on normally developing brains and determines their reversibility with post-drug intervention...
March 20, 2018: Cancer Research
Anna-Camilla Ellemann, Eva Serup-Hansen
The incidence of anal cancer is increasing. The primary treatment consists of radiotherapy concomitant with chemotherapy. Short- and long-term side effects are common, and supportive care during treatment and rehabilitation after treatment is necessary. Locoregional recurrence is treated with an abdominoperineal resection with sigmoideostomia and/or lymph node exairesis. Staging and treatment is done centralized. The prognosis has improved over the latest 10-20 years with a long-term overall survival of > 70% after primary therapy and approximately 50% after surgical treatment for recurrence...
March 19, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Konstantin Beinert, Volker Englert, Wolfgang Taube
PURPOSE: Neck muscle vibration immediately improves cervical joint position sense and dynamic postural control but increases pressure pain thresholds in neck pain patients. The aim of this study was to explore longer lasting effects of neck muscle vibration on sensorimotor control and pressure pain threshold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five series of neck muscle vibration were delivered to 15 neck pain patients and 11 healthy controls in this case control study. Outcomes were cervical joint position sense, arm-matching acuity, and pressure pain threshold at the zygapophyseal joint of C2/C3, the angulus superior, and the tibialis anterior muscle...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Kristina Griffin, Michael O'Hearn, Carla C Franck, Carol A Courtney
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. PURPOSE: Stroke is the most common cause of long-term disability. Dysesthesia, an unpleasant sensory disturbance, is common following thalamic stroke and evidence-based interventions for this impairment are limited. The purpose of this case report was to describe a decrease in dysesthesia following manual therapy intervention in a patient with history of right lacunar thalamic stroke. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 66-year-old female presented with tingling and dysesthesia in left hemisensory distribution including left trunk and upper/lower extremities, limiting function...
March 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Uros Marusic, Sidney Grosprêtre
Normal and pathological ageing are associated with several motor impairments that reduce quality of life and represent a general challenge for public healthcare systems. Consequently, over the past decades, many scientists and physiotherapists dedicated their research to the development and improvement of safe and costless methods to counteract the progressive decline of motor functions with age. The urgency of finding new and easy to implement methods is even more paramount in case of acute pathologies (e...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"