Read by QxMD icon Read

Pediatric head trauma

Joseph R Starnes, Purnima Unni, Cherie A Fathy, Kelly A Harms, Shelby R Payne, Dai H Chung
BACKGROUND: Golf cart injuries represent an increasing source of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Characterization of the circumstances of these injuries can inform injury prevention efforts. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviews a prospective trauma registry at a level-one pediatric trauma center for golf cart-related injuries in patients under 18years of age admitted to the hospital between 2008 and 2016. RESULTS: The 40 identified crashes were associated with 82 hospital days, 17 ICU days, and more than $1 million in hospital charges over the study period...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Shaylan K Govind, Neil H Merritt
BACKGROUND: The objective of our study was to identify the most common mechanisms of injury leading to death in our pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of fatally injured children 0-17 years old treated at our trauma center during 2000-2015. RESULTS: The mortality rate in our population was 8% (n = 103). Fifty-five percent were male. The majority (76%) of fatal injuries were blunt. Overall, motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) were the most common mechanism of injury (61%), followed by assault/abuse (9%)...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Yangyang R Yu, Annalyn S DeMello, Christopher S Greeley, Charles S Cox, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, David E Wesson
PURPOSE: This study examines non-accidental trauma (NAT) fatalities as a percentage of all injury fatalities and identifies injury patterns in NAT admissions to two level 1 pediatric trauma centers. METHODS: We reviewed all children (<5years old) treated for NAT from 2011 to 2015. Patient demographics, injury sites, and survival were obtained from both institutional trauma registries. RESULTS: Of 4623 trauma admissions, 557 (12%) were due to NAT...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Ali Gemici, Aysegul Alkilic, Pinar Guleryuz, Selcuk Tunali, Betul Orhan Kilic, Pınar Ozisik
AIM: To discuss a special type of skull lesion detected after delivery. We reviewed our experience on scalp swelling in term neonates to further investigate the relationship between cranial injuries and labour process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 55 Newborns with scalp swellings were assessed with medical records retrospectively between January 2007- July 2017. A radiologist and a pediatric neurosurgeon reanalyzed all skull X-ray images via picture archiving and communication system of the hospital Results: A special type of skull fracture, called Kanat (wing) fracture was detected...
February 4, 2018: Turkish Neurosurgery
Ramazan Giden, Mehmet T Gokdemir, Ozcan Erel, Hasan Buyukaslan, Hamza Karabag
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress may induce brain injury. Thiols are one of the most important antioxidant agents, and thiol/disulphide (SH/SS) homeo stasis is a novel oxidative stress marker. The goal of the study was to investigate the relationship of thiol levels and SH/SS homeostasis with head trauma in pediatric patients. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in 85 consecutive pediatric patients aged < 18 years with isolated head trauma and 58 age- and gender-matched healthy controls in the Emergency Department (ED)...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
Ajit Sarnaik, Nikki Miller Ferguson, A M Iqbal O'Meara, Shruti Agrawal, Akash Deep, Sandra Buttram, Michael J Bell, Stephen R Wisniewski, James F Luther, Adam L Hartman, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: Although small series have suggested that younger age is associated with less favorable outcome after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), confounders and biases have limited our understanding of this relationship. We hypothesized that there would be an association between age and mortality in children within an ongoing observational, cohort study. METHODS: The first 200 subjects from the Approaches and Decisions for Acute Pediatric TBI trial were eligible for this analysis (inclusion criteria: severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] score ≤ 8], age 18 years, and intracranial pressure (ICP) monitor placed; exclusion: pregnancy)...
February 23, 2018: Neurocritical Care
Debora Lee Oh, Petra Jerman, Sara Silvério Marques, Kadiatou Koita, Sukhdip Kaur Purewal Boparai, Nadine Burke Harris, Monica Bucci
BACKGROUND: Early detection of and intervention in childhood adversity has powerful potential to improve the health and well-being of children. A systematic review was conducted to better understand the pediatric health outcomes associated with childhood adversity. METHODS: PubMed, PsycArticles, and CINAHL were searched for relevant articles. Longitudinal studies examining various adverse childhood experiences and biological health outcomes occurring prior to age 20 were selected...
February 23, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Amy L McIntosh, Christy M Christophersen
Motocross is a popular sport in which participants ride a two-wheeled, motorized vehicle on an uneven 2-km track with natural or human-made obstacles. Participants compete at high rates of speed, and children as young as age 4 years compete in age-appropriate groups. Motocross is recognized as a strenuous sport with a high accident rate. Most injuries are musculoskeletal in nature. The most commonly injured areas are the forearm, clavicle, femur, and tibia. Many injuries require surgical treatment. Some patients sustain head trauma with loss of consciousness...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Joshua B Brown, Mark L Gestring, Christine M Leeper, Jason L Sperry, Andrew B Peitzman, Timothy R Billiar, Barbara A Gaines
BACKGROUND: Children suffering non-accidental trauma (NAT) are at high risk of death. It is unclear whether markers of injury severity for trauma center/system benchmarking such as injury severity score (ISS) adequately characterize this. Our objective was to evaluate mortality prediction of ISS in children with NAT compared to accidental trauma (AT). METHODS: Pediatric patients age<16years from the Pennsylvania state trauma registry 2000-2013 were included. Logistic regression predicted mortality from ISS for NAT and AT patients...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Sarah V Duzinski, Luis M Guevara, Amanda N Barczyk, Nilda M Garcia, Jane L Cassel, Karla A Lawson
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate participants' knowledge of and intent to share key messages of the Period of PURPLE Crying abusive head trauma prevention program among a majority Spanish-speaking population. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of a postintervention survey administered in the perinatal unit of a community birthing hospital. Surveys were administered to mothers of newborns by perinatal nurses as part of routine process evaluation prior to hospital discharge between May 30, 2014, and May 15, 2015...
January 1, 2018: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
Jackson Fein, David Bogumil, Jeffrey S Upperman, Rita V Burke
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified risk factors for dog bites in children, but use data from individual trauma centers, with limited generalizability. This study identifies a population risk profile for pediatric dog bites using the National Trauma Data Bank. We hypothesized that the population at risk was younger boys, that such bites occur at home, are moderately severe, and are on the face or neck. METHODS: For this retrospective cross-sectional study, a sample of 7912 children 17 years old and younger with International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 event code E906...
February 8, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Iga N Gray, Ana G Cristancho, Daniel J Licht, Grant T Liu
A 5-year-old girl presented with acute, rapidly progressive encephalopathy following minor head trauma and was found to have ocular dipping. Her encephalopathy was secondary to a channelopathy caused by a CACNA1A mutation. This is the first reported case of ocular dipping in an encephalopathic child with CACNA1A-confirmed hemiplegic migraine. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2018;55:e4-e6.].
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Henry T Puls, James D Anderst, Jessica L Bettenhausen, Abbey Masonbrink, Jessica L Markham, Laura Plencner, Molly Krager, Matthew B Johnson, Jacqueline M Walker, Christopher S Greeley, Matthew Hall
OBJECTIVES: To compare rates of previous inpatient visits among children hospitalized with child physical abuse (CPA) with controls as well as between individual abuse types. METHODS: In this study, we used the Pediatric Health Information System administrative database of 44 children's hospitals. Children <6 years of age hospitalized with CPA between January 1, 2011, and September 30, 2015, were identified by discharge codes and propensity matched to accidental injury controls...
January 25, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
JongChan Ryu, Seong Jong Yun, Sun Hwa Lee, Yoon Hee Choi
OBJECTIVES: Facial bone fractures secondary to head trauma are more common in children than in adults. Recently, multidetector row computed tomography (CT) has been considered superior to conventional radiography. Some studies have reported that facial soft tissue injuries require both facial and brain CT and that brain CT is helpful in screening facial bone fractures. However, these studies included only adult patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of brain CT and the need for additional facial CT to detect facial bone fractures in emergency pediatrics...
January 23, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Mehmet Gencturk, Huseyin Gurkan Tore, David R Nascene, Lei Zhang, Yasemin Koksel, Alexander M McKinney
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Differentiating Abusive Head Trauma (AHT) from Non-abusive Head trauma (NAHT) has profound clinical prognostic and legal implications, as certain imaging findings can individually be more suggestive of NAHT, while others are more suggestive of AHT. This study was set out to evaluate for an association between the various imaging findings in AHT with outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over 7-years, 55 children (age 0-4 years') with head trauma and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were included as either: abusive (n = 16), non-abusive (n = 35), or indeterminate (n = 4)...
January 23, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
Itai Gross, Daniel J Weiss, Elior Eliasi, Miklosh Bala, Saar Hashavya
BACKGROUND: Electric bike (e-bike) usage is growing worldwide, and so is the e-bike-related injury rate. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to characterize e-bike-related injuries. METHODS: Data of all e-bike-related injuries presenting to our level I trauma center between 2014 and 2016 were collected and analyzed. Adult and pediatric (<18 years of age) e-bike-related injuries were then analyzed separately and compared. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients suffering from e-bike-related injuries presented to our trauma center between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Carolina de la Calva, Nadia Jover, Jaime Alonso, Marta Salom
INTRODUCTION: Although pelvic fractures in children are rare, because of anatomical differences between an adult's skeleton and a child's skeleton, these lesions in the pediatric population have specific characteristics that need to be borne in mind when dealing with them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on the pelvic fractures in skeletally immature patients treated in our hospital in the last 20 years. RESULTS: Eighty-one pelvic fractures in children were treated between 1993 and 2013...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Liviana Da Dalt, Niccolo' Parri, Angela Amigoni, Agostino Nocerino, Francesca Selmin, Renzo Manara, Paola Perretta, Maria Paola Vardeu, Silvia Bressan
OBJECTIVE: We aim to formulate evidence-based recommendations to assist physicians decision-making in the assessment and management of children younger than 16 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) following a blunt head trauma with no suspicion of non-accidental injury. METHODS: These guidelines were commissioned by the Italian Society of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and include a systematic review and analysis of the literature published since 2005...
January 15, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Kyle J Kalkwarf, Shane D Jensen, Myron Allukian, Matthew T Harting, Charles S Cox, Erin E Fox, Charles E Wade, Bryan A Cotton
BACKGROUND: Objective parameters predicting futility of care in severely injured pediatric patients are lacking. While futility of care has been investigated in a limited number of studies in trauma patients, none of these studies achieves a 100% success rate in a large cohort of pediatric patients. The purpose of the current study was to identify extreme laboratory values that could be used to predict 100% mortality in severely injured children. STUDY DESIGN: Registry-based, historical cohort of all severely injured children (level 1 trauma, <16 years old), who were not dead on arrival, between January 2010 and December 2016 from a single level 1 trauma center...
January 8, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Karin Hermon, Tali Capua, Miguel Glatstein, Dennis Scolnik, Oren Tavor, Ayelet Rimon
BACKGROUND: Electric bicycles (E-bikes) are one of a wide range of light electric vehicles that provide convenient local transportation and attractive recreational opportunities. The aim of this study was to report E-bike-related injuries in children presenting to a trauma center. METHODS: Retrospective observational study, from December 2014 to November 2015, which included all pediatrics patients admitted to the emergency department with an injury related to E-bike use, was performed...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"