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Pneumocephalus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213557/tension-pneumocephalus-induced-by-high-flow-nasal-cannula-ventilation-in-a-neonate
#1
Alicia Iglesias-Deus, Alejandro Pérez-Muñuzuri, Olalla López-Suárez, Pilar Crespo, Maria-Luz Couce
The use of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy as respiratory support for preterm infants has increased rapidly worldwide. The evidence available for the use of HFNC is as an alternative to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and in particular to prevent postextubation failure. We report a case of tension pneumocephalus in a preterm infant as a complication during HFNC ventilation. Significant neurological impairment was detected and support was eventually withdrawn. Few cases of pneumocephalus as a complication of positive airway pressure have been reported in the neonatal period, and they all have been related to CPAP...
March 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210405/titanium-clamps-for-a-simple-low-profile-autologous-osteosynthesis-in-the-reconstruction-of-posttraumatic-craniofacial-convexital-skeletal-disruption
#2
Amos Olufemi Adeleye, Toluyemi Adefolarin Malomo
Attempts at reconstruction of posttraumatic craniofacial defects (PTCDs) can be a challenge in low-resource practice areas of the world where the needed biomaterials are logistically beyond reach. A simple low-profile technique of autologous osteosynthesis for PTCD using the titanium clamps is presented in this report. In addition, a 6-year prospective database on a consecutive cohort of patients who underwent this procedure was analyzed for clinical, functional, and aesthetic outcomes, both in-hospital and at midterm follow-up...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184274/cerebrospinal-fluid-infection-after-lumbar-nerve-root-steroid-injection-a-case-report
#3
Kwan-Sub Kim, Young-Ki Kim, Seong-Su Kim, Sung Min Shim, Hae Jun Cho
A 45-year-old woman was admitted due to severe headache and neck stiffness. She had visited a local clinic for back pain and received a lumbar nerve root steroid injection 10 days before admission. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed psoas abscess, pneumocephalus, and subdural hygroma. She was diagnosed with psoas abscess and meningitis. The abscess and external ventricle were drained, and antibiotics were administered. Unfortunately, the patient died on hospital day 19 due to diffuse leptomeningitis...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158169/pneumocephalus-following-unidentified-dural-puncture-a-case-report-with-an-unusual-neurological-presentation
#4
Helena Dutra Figueiera, Joana Guimaraes, Ana Luisa Sousa, Ana Margarida Regalado
Pneumocephalus is a rare consequence of epidural anesthesia, which may occur following inadvertent or unidentified dural puncture when the loss of resistance to air technique is applied to identify the epidural space. Headache is the most common symptom presented in this condition, usually with sudden onset. This case report describes an unusual presentation of diffuse pneumocephalus after an unidentified dural puncture. The patient (male, 67 years old) was submitted to epidural catheter placement for the treatment of acute exacerbation of ischemic chronic pain using loss of resistance to air technique...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152490/traumatic-tension-pneumocephalus-two-case-reports
#5
Abubaker Al-Aieb, Ruben Peralta, Mohammad Ellabib, Ayman El-Menyar, Hassan Al-Thani
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic pneumocephalus rarely evolves into tension pneumocephalus. It can be devastating if not recognized and treated promptly. CASE PRESENTATION: We presented two cases of post-traumatic tension pneumocephalus. A 30- year old male pedestrian hit by a car presented with right frontal bone fracture extending to right frontal sinuses. He developed pneumocephalus involving all ventricles and subdural space and extending down to foramen magnum with tight basal cistern...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118200/clinical-observation-of-treatment-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-with-novel-double-needle-minimally-invasive-aspiration-technology
#6
Yi Wan, Xifeng Fei, Dongyi Jiang, Hanchun Chen, Lei Shi, Zhimin Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the clinical effects, including the prevention of complications, of the treatment of chronic subdural hematoma with double needle aspiration. METHODS: The clinical data of 31 patients with chronic subdural hematoma treated by double YL-1 needle double skull drilling and 31 controls treated by traditional drilling and drainage were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: In the YL-1 needle group, only 1 patient was with hematoma recurrence, 1 patient was with intracranial pneumocephalus, and the remaining patients who were followed up for 3 months achieved a clinical cure...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070116/aspergillus-terreus-brain-abscess-complicated-by-tension-pneumocephalus-in-a-patient-with-angiosarcoma
#7
Thejal Srikumar, Smitha Pabbathi, Jorge Fernandez, Sowmya Nanjappa
BACKGROUND Aspergillus terreus is an evolving opportunistic pathogen, and patients with A. terreus often have poor outcomes due to its intrinsic resistance to several systemic antifungal agents. Here we present a unique case of intracranial abscesses of A. terreus in a patient with recurrent angiosarcoma, complicated by development of tension pneumocephalus. CASE REPORT A 67-year old gentleman with history of scalp angiosarcoma with wide excision two years prior presented to the hospital for left arm clumsiness, altered mental status, and low-grade fever...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067182/successful-conservative-treatment-of-an-intracranial-pneumatocele-with-post-traumatic-hypoglossal-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-diffuse-temporal-bone-pneumocele-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
M A Taube, G M Potter, S K Lloyd, S R Freeman
BACKGROUND: A pneumocele occurs when an aerated cranial cavity pathologically expands; a pneumatocele occurs when air extends from an aerated cavity into adjacent soft tissues forming a secondary cavity. Both pathologies are extremely rare with relation to the mastoid. This paper describes a case of a mastoid pneumocele that caused hypoglossal nerve palsy and an intracranial pneumatocele. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old man presented, following minor head trauma, with hypoglossal nerve palsy secondary to a fracture through the hypoglossal canal...
February 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029524/-external-lumbar-drainage-with-volumetric-continuing-infusion-pump-in-patients-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-a-case-series
#9
Ana Belén Manso Melgosa, Helena García Gutiérrez, Mónica Fernández Porras, Ana Berta Castrillo Manero, Belén Pérez Marijuán
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and complications arising in a number of cases of patients with cerebrospinal fluid leak treated by external lumbar drainage with infusion pump (IP) volumetric continuous from 2001 to 2014. Quantify cerebrospinal fluid leak closed by lumbar drainage with IP. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive case series study. POPULATION: patients undergoing transsphenoidal pituitary surgery, Chiari surgery and laminectomy, that developed postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak treated with continuous external lumbar drainage by IP...
January 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005808/spontaneous-epidural-pneumocephalus
#10
Serap Yucel, Hediye Pinar Gunbey, Gökhan Kutlar, Mustafa Ozdemir, Kerim Aslan, Lutfi Incesu
Spontaneous epidural pneumocephalus is a rare condition. The authors reported a 35-year-old male patient with tinnutus, dull headache, and swelling on his head. Patient had a history of head trauma and skull fracture from when he was 5 years old. Cranial computed tomography revealed increase in pneumatization of right mastoid air cells and large epidural air in temporoparietal region. Inner table of right temporal bone got thinner, causing communication of mastoid air cells with epidural space. Epidural air had septations and exerted mass effect on the right parietal lobe with minimal midline shift...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003228/missing-the-point-self-inflicted-traumatic-brain-injury-in-psychosis
#11
Phelan E Maruca-Sullivan, Matthew N Goldenberg, David C Cone, Justine Ciarleglio
A 36-year-old man was brought to the emergency department by emergency medical services after being found acting unusually at a gas station with blood on his head and clothing. He presented acutely psychotic and reported that he had a pen in his head. Medical evaluation was notable for a superficial puncture wound to the right temple, and he was medically cleared for psychiatric evaluation. After he developed nausea and headache later that evening, the CT scan revealed a temporal bone fracture, pneumocephalus, intraparenchymal haemorrhage and the presence of a metal pen tip lodged in the brain parenchyma...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929605/nasopharyngeal-airway-to-prevent-tension-pneumocephalus-after-open-resection-of-anterior-skull-base-tumors
#12
Matthew E Spector, Jon-Paul Pepper, Stephen Sullivan, Lawrence Marentette, Erin McKean
We conducted a retrospective study to assess the efficacy of using a nasopharyngeal airway in lieu of a tracheotomy or prolonged intubation for the diversion of airflow to prevent tension pneumocephalus after an open resection of anterior skull base tumors. Our study population was made up of 120 patients-74 males and 46 females, aged 12 to 84 years (mean: 48.7)-who had undergone an anterior skull base resection with documented nasopharyngeal airway placement from 1996 through 2009. Our main outcome measure was the presence of tension pneumocephalus while controlling for the placement of a lumbar drain, the development of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, and the type of reconstruction...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903839/the-effect-of-brain-tomography-findings-on-mortality-in-sniper-shot-head-injuries
#13
Çağdaş Can, M Bolatkale, A Sarıhan, Y Savran, A Ç Acara, M Bulut
OBJECTIVES: Penetrating gunshot head injuries have a poor prognosis and require prompt care. Brain CT is a routine component of the standard evaluation of head wounds and suspected brain injury. We aimed to investigate the effect of brain CT findings on mortality in gunshot head injury patients who were admitted to our emergency department (ED) from the Syrian Civil War. METHODS: The study group comprised patients who were admitted to the ED with gunshot brain injury...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881097/ischaemic-stroke-and-clostridium-septicum-sepsis-and-meningitis-in-a-patient-with-occult-colon-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Kosmas Macha, Antje Giede-Jeppe, Hannes Lücking, Roland Coras, Hagen B Huttner, Jürgen Held
BACKGROUND: Clostridium septicum is a rare cause of meningitis and brain abscess in children and adults. Gas production by the pathogen can lead to pneumocephalus and the overall mortality rate of Clostridium septicum CNS infection is as high as 74%. The most common entry site of the pathogen is the gastrointestinal tract. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 74-year-old man who presented with a left-sided cerebral infarction in the middle cerebral artery territory...
November 24, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878133/massive-pneumocephalus-and-pneumorrhachis-after-severe-skull-base-fracture
#15
Hosseinali Khalili, Amin Niakan, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857924/a-case-of-intracranial-wooden-foreign-body-mimicking-pneumocephalus
#16
Dong Han Kim, Eun Suk Park, Han Yu Seong, Jun Bum Park, Soon Chan Kwon, Hong Bo Sim, In Uk Lyo
Intracranial wooden foreign bodies are rare. In addition, such objects are difficult to identify with conventional radiographic techniques, such as X-ray radiography or brain computed tomography. A 48-year-old man presented to our emergency room with a headache. Even though he had a history of trauma, he had no external wounds and showed no neurological deficits at the initial examination. He was initially diagnosed with trauma-related pneumocephalus. He developed a delayed intracranial infection and underwent surgery to remove the wooden foreign body...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851389/1754-pneumocephalus-an-unusual-case-of-acute-frontal-sinusitis-and-pneumococcal-meningitis
#17
Brittaini Bunce, Taimur Khan, Gnan Thakore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833693/e-cigarette-blast-injury-complex-facial-fractures-and-pneumocephalus
#18
Benjamin A Archambeau, Stephanie Young, Carol Lee, Troy Pennington, Christopher Vanderbeek, Dan Miulli, John Culhane, Michael Neeki
Electronic cigarettes (also known as e-cigarettes or e-cigs) are becoming a popular method of recreational nicotine use over recent years. The growth of new brands and devices has been outpacing the FDA's ability to regulate them. As a result, some of these devices fail without warning, most likely from malfunction of the lithium-ion batteries that are in close proximity to volatile compounds within the device. Failures have occurred during both use and storage of the devices or their components. The subsequent injuries from several of these events, including full thickness burns requiring grafting and blast injuries, have been observed at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center, a regional trauma and burn center in southern California...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799999/pneumocephalus-and-pneumorrhachis-due-to-a-subarachnoid-pleural-fistula-that-developed-after-thoracic-spine-surgery
#19
Gun-Sang Lee, Myung-Ki Lee, Woo-Jae Kim, Ho-Sang Kim, Jeong-Ho Kim, Yun-Suk Kim
Development of a communication between the spinal subarachnoid space and the pleural space after thoracic spine surgery is uncommon. Subarachnoid pleural fistula (SAPF), a distressing condition, involves cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Here we report an unusual case of SAPF, occurring after thoracic spine surgery, that was further complicated by pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis postthoracentesis, which was performed for unilateral pleural effusion.
September 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795788/-mount-fuji-sign-in-postoperative-period-after-surgery-for-ependymoma-of-the-third-ventricle-v3-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Abderrahmane Boumadiane, Ali Derkaoui, Abdelkarim Shimi, Mohamed Khatouf
Mount Fuji sign also known as compressive pneumocephalus is a redoubtable postoperative neurosurgical complication. We report the clinical case of a 10 months-old patient, hospitalized in reanimation for postoperative management following surgery for ependymoma of the third ventricle. The evolution was marked by the occurrence of early postoperative compressive pneumocephalus, responsible for neurological and hemodynamic worsening. This study highlights the possibility of occurrence of such an adverse event, as well as the therapeutic and especially preventive measures for this complication...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
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