Read by QxMD icon Read


Ramesh Kumar, Frederic W B Deleyiannis, Corbett Wilkinson, Brent R O'Neill
OBJECTIVE The authors' goals in this study were to describe a series of dog attacks on children that required neurosurgical consultation and to better understand the pattern of injuries inflicted, the circumstances that place children at risk for attack, and the dog breeds involved. In addition, the authors review the surgical and medical management of these patients. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of all children requiring neurosurgical consultation for dog bite at a regional Level 1 pediatric trauma center over a 15-year period...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Soo Won Ko, Jong Seok Lee, Han Sung Choi, Young Gwan Ko, Hoon Pyo Hong
The use of high-pressure air instruments has become more common. Consequently, there have been a number of cases of orbital emphysema caused by contact with high-pressure air. In this case, a 62-year-old male patient visited an emergency medical center after his left eye was shot by an air compressor gun that was used to wash cars. Lacerations were observed in the upper and lower eyelids of his left eye. Radiological examinations revealed orbital emphysema, optic nerve transection, pneumocephalus, and subcutaneous emphysema in the face, neck, shoulder, and mediastinum...
September 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Vivek Kumar Kankane, Gaurav Jaiswal, Tarun Kumar Gupta
Pneumocephalus is commonly seen after head and facial trauma, ear infections, and tumors of the skull base or neurosurgical interventions. In tension pneumocephalus, the continuous accumulation of intracranial air is thought to be caused by a "ball valve" mechanism. In turn, this may lead to a mass effect on the brain, with subsequent neurological deterioration and signs of herniation. Tension pneumocephalus is considered a life-threatening, neurosurgical emergency burr-hole evacuation was performed and he experienced a full recovery...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Li Lian Foo, Sook Hui Chaw, Lucy Chan, Dharmendra Ganesan, Ravindran Karuppiah
Tension pneumocephalus is rare but has been well documented following trauma and neurosurgical procedures. It is a surgical emergency as it can lead to neurological deterioration, brainstem herniation and death. Unlike previous cases where tension pneumocephalus developed postoperatively, we describe a case of intraoperative tension pneumocephalus leading to sudden, massive open brain herniation out of the craniotomy site. The possible causative factors are outlined. It is imperative to rapidly identify possible causes of acute intraoperative brain herniation, including tension pneumocephalus, and institute appropriate measures to minimize neurological damage...
September 27, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Kunj G Patel, Lauren E Brandes, Srikanth Kurapati, Emily Boyd, Andrew C Dennison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Todd J Wannemuehler, Richard D Hubbell, Rick F Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Rick F Nelson, Joseph P Roche, Bruce J Gantz, Marlan R Hansen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and morbidity of repairing spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks with the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach without the use of a lumbar drain (LD), as perioperative use of LD remains controversial. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review from 2003 to 2015. SETTING: University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics and Indiana University Health Center. PATIENTS: Those with a confirmed lateral skull base spontaneous CSF leaks and/or encephaloceles...
September 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Maria Zulfiqar, Stacy Kim, Jin-Ping Lai, Yihua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Despite the added radiation exposure and costs, the role of computed tomography (CT) in following pediatric skull fractures has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: We reviewed the radiology reports and images of the initial and follow-up head CT examinations of children with skull fractures to determine whether any interval changes in the fracture morphology and associated complications necessitate a change in clinical management. RESULTS: A total of 316 pediatric cases of skull fractures were identified, including 172 patients with and 144 without follow-up scans...
August 16, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Hanan Mohammed Al Qahtani, Khalid Suliman Aljoqiman, Hisham Arabi, Hesham Al Shaalan, Sumit Singh
We report a case of a 14-month-old girl with undiagnosed Currarino triad presenting acutely with meningitis caused by enteric commensals. Head CT demonstrated a large pneumocephalus. A fistulous neurenteric tract through a presacral mass was present on spine MRI and abdominal CT. The patient had a history of constipation for the last three months. However, an underlying diagnosis of Currarino triad had not been suspected. In retrospect, a sickle-shaped sacral anomaly was present on a previous abdominal radiograph...
2016: Case Reports in Radiology
Dmitriy N Kazimirko, Ellen E Parker, David A Joyner, Teddi H Berry, Charlotte S Taylor, Todd A Nichols, Majid A Khan
Pneumocephalus and pneumorrhachis are related to transgression of the barriers to the central nervous system. We present a patient with a Pancoast tumor treated with palliative chemoradiation who developed symptomatic spinal and intracranial air caused by spontaneous bronchopleurodurosubarachnoid fistula secondary to direct tumor invasion into the thecal sac.
September 2016: Radiology case reports
Arash Shahangian, Zachary M Soler, Andrew Baker, Sarah K Wise, Shruthi K Rereddy, Zara M Patel, Nelson M Oyesiku, John M DelGaudio, Constantinos G Hadjipanayis, Bradford A Woodworth, Kristen O Riley, John Lee, Michael D Cusimano, Satish Govindaraj, Mohemmed N Khan, Alkis Psaltis, Peter J Wormald, Stephen Santoreneos, Raj Sindwani, Samuel Trosman, Janalee K Stokken, Troy D Woodard, Pablo F Recinos, W Alexander Vandergrift Iii, Caitlin Boling, Rodney J Schlosser
BACKGROUND: The impact of failed cerebrospinal fluid leak (CSF) leak repair in endoscopic skull base surgery has not been adequately studied. METHODS: In this investigation we reviewed patients who had undergone endoscopic skull base surgery between 2002 and 2014 at 7 international centers. Demographic variables, comorbidities, tumor characteristics, and repair techniques were evaluated to determine association with successful repair of CSF leak. Postoperative complications and length of stay were compared among groups...
August 31, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Brian Nee Hou Chee, Muhammad Fahmi Abdul Jalil, Kristian John Bulluss
Pneumocephalus in patients receiving positive airway pressure ventilation commonly occurs in the setting of trauma or surgery. We report a case of atraumatic pneumocephalus in a patient with a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt on nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for obstructive sleep apnoea. The patient presented with a 1-week history of "gurgling" sensation in his head and ataxia, with CT scan findings of a significant pneumocephalus. As extensive work up did not reveal any cause for his pneumocephalus, the nasal CPAP was thought to be the source...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Filippo Di Lella, Giulia D'Angelo, Ilaria Iaccarino, Silvia Piccinini, Maurizio Negri, Vincenzo Vincenti
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical presentation, management and outcomes of a rare complication of cochlear implant surgery. PATIENT: A 68-year-old man, affected by profound bilateral deafness because of superficial cerebral hemosiderosis, presented to Authors' Department 8 days after cochlear implant surgery with vomiting, fever, and mental confusion. Brain computed tomographic (CT) scan showed a massive collection of intracranial air from an osteodural defect in the right tegmen mastoideum because of repeated nose blowing in the postoperative period...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Jai Prakash Soni, Sandeep Choudhary, Mohan Makwana, Nikita Tripathi
Pneumocephalus is collection of gas or air within the cranial cavity, commonly associated with trauma, cranial surgery, air embolism, open meningomyelocele; and rarely as a result of central nervous system infections. Asymptomatic pneumocephalus usually recovers spontaneously within few days. Untreated pneumocephalus can progress to tension pneumocephalus, manifesting as severe headache, dizziness, cranial nerve palsy, mental changes, seizure and disorientation. Herein, we report a rare case of pneumocephalus in a 9-month infant with subdural effusion following infection of nasal septum and otomastoiditis...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Benjamin T Himes, Grant W Mallory, Arnoley S Abcejo, Jeffrey Pasternak, John L D Atkinson, Fredric B Meyer, W Richard Marsh, Michael J Link, Michelle J Clarke, William Perkins, Jamie J Van Gompel
OBJECTIVE Historically, performing neurosurgery with the patient in the sitting position offered advantages such as improved visualization and gravity-assisted retraction. However, this position fell out of favor at many centers due to the perceived risk of venous air embolism (VAE) and other position-related complications. Some neurosurgical centers continue to perform sitting-position cases in select patients, often using modern monitoring techniques that may improve procedural safety. Therefore, this paper reports the risks associated with neurosurgical procedures performed in the sitting position in a modern series...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Koy Min Chue, Thiam Chye Lim, Jane Lim, Yan Lin Yap, Wei Chen Ong
Changes in cabin pressure can potentially cause expansion of any preexisting intracranial air resulting in tension pneumocephalus. The authors describe a 28-year-old man, who was involved in a motor vehicle accident complicated by multiple facial fractures and a dural tear while on his way to the airport. Instead of seeking medical attention after the accident, he proceeded with a 2-hour commercial flight. He did not suffer from any neurologic deterioration inflight, but upon presentation to our center, a computed tomography scan was done which revealed extensive pneumocephalus, for which he required intensive monitoring and subsequent surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ramón Moreno-Luna, Eugenio Cárdenas Ruiz-Valdepeñas, José Ignacio Tato, Monica Rivero-Garvia, Javier Márquez-Rivas, Antonio Mochón Martín
BACKGROUND: Adenoidectomy is one of the most common procedures in the field of pediatric otolaryngology. Postoperative bleeding is one of the most frequent complications (0.4%). In turn, cerebrospinal fluid fistula is a very uncommon but critical complication in this type of surgery. METHODS: We report the case of a 3-year-old patient who underwent adenoidectomy and presented a cerebrospinal fluid leak associated with pneumocephalus and meningitis. RESULTS: The solution provided was a suture in layers of the fistula tract, reinforced with basipharyngeal vascularized and rotation random flap of mucosa, and a free graft of muscle, through a transoral endoscopic approach...
September 2016: World Neurosurgery
Aakash Kaushik Shah, Andrey Bilko, James Kimo Takayesu
BACKGROUND: Epidural steroid injections are frequently used to treat back and extremity pain. The procedure is generally safe, with a low rate of adverse events, including intrathecal entry, pneumocephalus, and chemical meningitis. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 45-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department (ED) with headache, nausea, vomiting, and photophobia after a lumbar epidural steroid injection. She was afebrile and had an elevated white blood cell count...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Amos Olufemi Adeleye, Adeola A Olusanya
BACKGROUND: The extant literature on the surgical treatment of posttraumatic compound, complex frontal basal calvarial skull fracture suggests that this be a staged procedure. There are many socioeconomic constraints in low-resource regions of the world to the feasibility of this standard practice. METHODS: A single-stage operative procedure for the surgical treatment of these fractures in a neurosurgery practice in Nigeria is here annotated. In addition, an observational outcome analysis of this surgical technique in a prospective consecutive cohort of patients over a 6-year period is presented...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
J David Avila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neurohospitalist
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"