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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718192/cardiometabolic-risks-vary-by-weight-status-in-pediatric-kidney-and-liver-transplant-recipients-a-cross-sectional-single-center-study-in-the-usa
#1
S He, N A Le, J K Frediani, P D Winterberg, R Jin, R Liverman, A Hernandez, R L Cleeton, M B Vos
There is an increasing need to understand long-term metabolic changes and resultant comorbidities because life expectancy is increasing after pediatric kidney and liver transplants. We evaluated differences in classic and novel cardiometabolic biomarkers among obese and normal weight adolescent transplant recipients. We enrolled a total of 80 adolescent (mean±SD, 14.8 years ±3.0) transplant recipients (63 kidney, 17 liver) with mean duration from transplantation of 6.0 (±4.1) years. Among kidney transplant recipients, overweight and obese individuals had higher leptin (16...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635909/-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-concurrent-with-metabolic-syndrome-pathophysiological-and-clinical-features
#2
A V Budnevsky, E S Ovsyannikov, N B Labzhania
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) still remains a serious public health problem, which is a common cause of disability and death in the able-bodied population. Furthermore, the number of patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) is steadily increasing worldwide. Recently, there is also an increase in the number of patients with COPD concurrent with MS, which is a mutually confounding risk factor for concomitant cardiovascular disease and adversely affects prognosis in these patients. Systemic subclinical inflammation is a common link between COPD and the components of MS...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529126/l-a-ratio-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-risk-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#3
Vandana Gupta, Supriya Mishra, Sameeksha Mishra, Vani Gupta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The plasma leptin-adiponectin ratio (L:A) has been suggested as a one of the potentially independent predictor of metabolic risk and Insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: This is a case-control study, total 439 female subjects, comprises in to two group 223 cases (PCOS) and 216 control (non-PCOS women) according to their clinical characteristics. Further both case and control group were sub-grouped in PCOS and non-PCOS with metabolic syndrome (wMetS) and without metabolic syndrome (woMetS) as per National Cholesterol Education Program Treatment Panel (NCEPATP) guidelines...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485989/non-invasive-positive-airway-pressure-in-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-present-and-future-perspectives
#4
Victor R Ramírez-Molina, Francisco J Gómez-de-Terreros, Javier Barca-Durán, Juan F Masa
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is a sleep disorder that has acquired great importance worldwide because of its prevalence and association with obesity leading to increased morbidity and mortality with reduced quality of life. The primary feature is insufficient sleep-related ventilation, resulting in abnormally elevated arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) during sleep and demonstration of daytime hypoventilation. There are three main mechanisms that can generate diurnal hypoventilation in obese patients: alteration of the respiratory mechanics secondary to obesity; central hypoventilation secondary to leptin resistance and sleep disorder with sleep hypoventilation and obstructive apnoeas, which can be potentially solved with the use of positive airway pressure: non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...
May 9, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150815/gestational-weight-gain-and-fetal-maternal-adiponectin-leptin-and-crp-results-of-two-birth-cohorts-studies
#5
Chad A Logan, Rebecca Bornemann, Wolfgang Koenig, Frank Reister, Viola Walter, Giamila Fantuzzi, Maria Weyermann, Hermann Brenner, Jon Genuneit, Dietrich Rothenbacher
Gestational weight gain (GWG) is an important modifiable factor known to influence fetal outcomes including birth weight and adiposity. Unlike behaviors such as smoking and alcohol consumption, the effect of GWG throughout pregnancy on fetal development and other outcomes has not been extensively studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of GWG with endocrine factors such as adiponectin, leptin, and C-reactive protein which may be associated with inflammatory response, fetal growth, and adiposity later in life...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059607/influences-of-obesity-on-the-immunogenicity-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine
#6
Fang Liu, Zhirong Guo, Chen Dong
OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B vaccine is regarded as the most effective method for the prevention of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, several factors such as age, body mass index and immunocompetent state have been reported to be associated with reduced immunization responses. The present commentary was aimed to discuss the influences of obesity on the immunogenicity of hepatitis B vaccines. DATA SOURCES: Available peer-reviewed literatures, practice guidelines, and statistics published on hepatitis B vaccine in obesity between 1973 and 2015...
May 4, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035585/effect-of-exercise-on-ovulation-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Osnat Hakimi, Luiz-Claudio Cameron
BACKGROUND: Infertility has been described as a devastating life crisis for couples, and has a particularly severe effect on women, in terms of anxiety and depression. Anovulation accounts for around 30% of female infertility, and while lifestyle factors such as physical activity are known to be important, the relationship between exercise and ovulation is multi-factorial and complex, and to date there are no clear recommendations concerning exercise regimes. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to systematically assess the effect of physical activity on ovulation and to discuss the possible mechanisms by which exercise acts to modulate ovulation in reproductive-age women...
August 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956075/natural-product-htp-screening-for-attenuation-of-cytokine-induced-neutrophil-chemo-attractants-cincs-and-no2-in-lps-ifn%C3%AE-activated-glioma-cells
#8
Elizabeth A Mazzio, David Bauer, Patricia Mendonca, Equar Taka, Karam F A Soliman
Chronic and acute central nervous system (CNS) inflammation are contributors toward neurological injury associated with head trauma, stroke, infection, Parkinsons or Alzheimers disease. CNS inflammatory illnesses can also contribute toward risk of developing glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). With growing public interest in complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), we conduct a high throughput (HTP) screening of >1400 natural herbs, plants and over the counter (OTC) products for anti-inflammatory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/interferon gamma (IFNγ) activated C6 glioma cells...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508751/-op-5c-04-heart-rate-is-associated-with-glomerular-hyperfiltration-in-apparently-healthy-subjects
#9
A Vrdoljak, V Ivkovic, S Karanovic, Z Dika, V Domislovic, K Dapic, L Gallineo, E Ivandic, J Josipovic, I Vukovic, J Kos, M Laganovic, T Zeljkovic Vrkic, M Fistrek Prlic, I Pecin, M Fucek, J Sertic, N Leko, B Jelakovic
OBJECTIVE: Glomerular hyperfiltration (GHF) was associated with progression of kidney disease and hypertension (HT). It was reported that high metabolic risk is related to increase of GHF. Our aim was to analyze in apparently healthy subjects which factor(s) influence (s) GHF and determine(s) clinical course in long-term prospective study. DESIGN AND METHOD: Out of 954 subjects enrolled in ENAH follow-up study, 371 (137 m, 234w; mean age = 46years) were eligible for further analysis:100 with optimal, 72 with normal BP, 70 with PHT (high normal BP), and 129 with newly diagnosed untreated HT...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508620/-op-2b-03-glomerular-hyperfiltration-as-a-risk-factor-for-renal-impairment-and-hypertension-in-apparently-healthy-subjects
#10
A Vrdoljak, V Ivkovic, S Karanovic, Z Dika, V Domislovic, K Dapic, L Gallineo, E Ivandic, J Josipovic, I Vukovic, J Kos, M Laganovic, T Zeljkovic Vrkic, M Fistrek Prlic, I Pecin, M Fucek, J Sertic, N Leko, B Jelakovic
OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease(CKD) is established CV risk factor, and already early renal impairment(RI) increases risk for hypertension(HT) and loss of renal function. It was reported that blood pressure (BP) and metabolic derangements are associated with glomerular hyperfiltration(GHF), and GHF increases risk of developing microalbuminuria (MA) in HT stage 1. Our aim was to analyze whether GHF predicts progression to HT and RI in apparently healthy subjects. DESIGN AND METHOD: Out of 954 subjects enrolled in ENAH follow-up study, 371 (137 m, 234 w; mean age = 46 years) were eligible for further analysis:100 with optimal, 72 with normal BP, 70 with PHT (high normal BP), and 129 with newly diagnosed untreated HT...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216013/palaeolithic-diet-decreases-fasting-plasma-leptin-concentrations-more-than-a-diabetes-diet-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-cross-over-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Maelán Fontes-Villalba, Staffan Lindeberg, Yvonne Granfeldt, Filip K Knop, Ashfaque A Memon, Pedro Carrera-Bastos, Óscar Picazo, Madhvi Chanrai, Jan Sunquist, Kristina Sundquist, Tommy Jönsson
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that a Palaeolithic diet consisting of the typical food groups that our ancestors ate during the Palaeolithic era, improves cardiovascular disease risk factors and glucose control compared to the currently recommended diabetes diet in patients with type 2 diabetes. To elucidate the mechanisms behind these effects, we evaluated fasting plasma concentrations of glucagon, insulin, incretins, ghrelin, C-peptide and adipokines from the same study. METHODS: In a randomised, open-label, cross-over study, 13 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to eat a Palaeolithic diet based on lean meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, root vegetables, eggs and nuts, or a diabetes diet designed in accordance with current diabetes dietary guidelines during two consecutive 3-month periods...
May 23, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871396/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-undergoing-total-joint-arthroplasty-and-relevance-of-biomarkers
#12
Jennifer L Saluk, Andrew L Banos, William L Hopkinson, Harold L Rees, Daneyal Syed, Debra Hoppensteadt, Schuharazad Abro, Omer Iqbal, Jawed Fareed
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a collection of clinical conditions, including central obesity, hypertension, glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia. The long-term inflammatory and metabolic dysfunction associated with MetS may contribute to osteoarthritic processes leading up to total joint arthroplasty (TJA) . The purpose of this study was to investigate levels of metabolic biomarkers and the prevalence of MetS in patients undergoing TJA. METHODS: Under IRB approval, citrated plasma samples were collected from 41 patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) pre-operatively and day 1 post- operatively...
February 12, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26850040/feasibility-outcomes-of-a-presurgical-randomized-controlled-trial-exploring-the-impact-of-caloric-restriction-and-increased-physical-activity-versus-a-wait-list-control-on-tumor-characteristics-and-circulating-biomarkers-in-men-electing-prostatectomy-for-prostate
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Jeffery W Nix, Gary R Hunter, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Renee A Desmond, Balu Chacko, Casey D Morrow, Maria Azrad, Andrew D Frugé, Yuko Tsuruta, Travis Ptacek, Scott A Tully, Roanne Segal, William E Grizzle
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with tumor aggressiveness and disease-specific mortality for more than 15 defined malignancies, including prostate cancer. Preclinical studies suggest that weight loss from caloric restriction and increased physical activity may suppress hormonal, energy-sensing, and inflammatory factors that drive neoplastic progression; however, exact mechanisms are yet to be determined, and experiments in humans are limited. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial among 40 overweight or obese, newly-diagnosed prostate cancer patients who elected prostatectomy to explore feasibility of a presurgical weight loss intervention that promoted a weight loss of roughly one kg...
February 5, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792047/metformin-for-lithium-induced-weight-gain-a-case-report
#14
Samir Kumar Praharaj
Lithium is the first line treatment for maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. Among the long term adverse effects, weight gain is likely to affect a subset of patients. There is no specific guideline for the treatment of lithium-induced weight gain. We report a young male with bipolar disorder who had significant weight gain with lithium (25 kg), which responded to metformin treatment at 500 mg twice daily. The proposed mechanism of weight lowering effect of metformin includes changes in hypothalamic physiology, including leptin and insulin sensitivity, as well as circadian rhythm changes affecting food intake, regulation of fat oxidation and storage in liver, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue...
February 29, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26586275/the-evidence-for-saturated-fat-and-for-sugar-related-to-coronary-heart-disease
#15
REVIEW
James J DiNicolantonio, Sean C Lucan, James H O'Keefe
Dietary guidelines continue to recommend restricting intake of saturated fats. This recommendation follows largely from the observation that saturated fats can raise levels of total serum cholesterol (TC), thereby putatively increasing the risk of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD). However, TC is only modestly associated with CHD, and more important than the total level of cholesterol in the blood may be the number and size of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles that contain it. As for saturated fats, these fats are a diverse class of compounds; different fats may have different effects on LDL and on broader CHD risk based on the specific saturated fatty acids (SFAs) they contain...
March 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26131838/a-prospective-follow-up-of-adipocytokines-in-cohort-patients-with-gout-association-with-metabolic-syndrome-but-not-with-clinical-inflammatory-findings-strobe-compliant-article
#16
Sergio García-Méndez, Carolina Bustos Rivera-Bahena, José Luis Montiel-Hernández, Daniel Xibillé-Friedmann, Everardo Álvarez-Hernández, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas, Rubén Burgos-Vargas, Janitzia Vázquez-Mellado
The aim of this study was to determine the levels of leptin (Lep) and adiponectin (AdipoQ) in patients with gout and its relationship with joint inflammatory data and/or with metabolic syndrome (MetS) variables, during 1 year follow-up.Forty-one patients (40 males) with gout diagnosis, attending for the first time to a rheumatology department, were included. Evaluations were performed baseline, at 6 and 12 months. Variables included the following: demographic, clinical and laboratory data related to gout and associated diseases...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26116691/effects-of-exercise-training-on-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-biomarkers-of-cardiometabolic-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Xiaochen Lin, Xi Zhang, Jianjun Guo, Christian K Roberts, Steve McKenzie, Wen-Chih Wu, Simin Liu, Yiqing Song
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend exercise for cardiovascular health, although evidence from trials linking exercise to cardiovascular health through intermediate biomarkers remains inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to quantify the impact of exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness and a variety of conventional and novel cardiometabolic biomarkers in adults without cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two researchers selected 160 randomized controlled trials (7487 participants) based on literature searches of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central (January 1965 to March 2014)...
June 26, 2015: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25978118/association-of-adipokines-and-inflammatory-markers-with-lipid-control-in-type-2-diabetes
#18
Agnieszka Kapłon-Cieślicka, Marek Postuła, Marek Rosiak, Michał Peller, Agnieszka Kondracka, Agnieszka Serafin, Ewa Trzepla, Grzegorz Opolski, Krzysztof J Filipiak
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the effect of certain adipokines on lipid metabolism are equivocal. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of lipid control with adipokines and inflammatory markers in patients with type 2 diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The analysis included 195 patients with type 2 diabetes. The achievement of treatment targets in terms of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides was assessed in accordance with the current guidelines...
2015: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25450822/circulatory-adipocytokines-and-lipid-profile-variations-in-type-2-diabetic-subjects-desirable-side-effects-of-antidiabetic-drugs
#19
Abhijit A Ghadge, Shubhangi M Harke, Suresh P Khadke, Arundhati G Diwan, Madhu Pankaj, Omkar P Kulkarni, Prabhakar K Ranjekar, Aniket A Kuvalekar
AIM: Inspite of availability of a variety of drugs to treat type 2 diabetes, little is known about their effects on other systems. Normalization of glucose metabolism by these drugs may consequently affect the secretory function in adipocytes. Secretory adipocytokines like adiponectin and leptin are emerging as novel therapeutic targets for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The present study was undertaken to analyze the effects of commonly used Oral Hypoglycemic Agents (OHAs) alone, or in combination with other drugs and/or insulin on circulatory adiponectin and leptin levels, lipid profile, and blood pressure in diabetic subjects...
October 2014: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25404857/acceleration-training-for-managing-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-pilot-study
#20
Sechang Oh, Takashi Shida, Akemi Sawai, Tsuyoshi Maruyama, Kiyoshi Eguchi, Tomonori Isobe, Yoshikazu Okamoto, Noriko Someya, Kiyoji Tanaka, Emi Arai, Akiko Tozawa, Junichi Shoda
BACKGROUND: While aerobic training is generally recommended as therapeutic exercise in guidelines, the effectiveness of resistance training has recently been reported in the management of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Acceleration training (AT) is a new training method that provides a physical stimulation effect on skeletal muscles by increasing gravitational acceleration with vibration. AT has recently been indicated as a component of medicine. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of AT in the management of NAFLD in obese subjects...
2014: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
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