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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153233/temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction-in-the-growing-child
#1
REVIEW
Cory M Resnick
Indications and considerations for reconstruction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) differ between growing and skeletally mature patients. Osteoarthritis, which is the most common cause of TMJ destruction in adults, is comparatively rare in children. The most common indications in young patients are congenital deformities, pathology, ankylosis and progressive resorptive processes. Options for reconstruction include distraction osteogenesis, autologous reconstruction (ie, costochondral graft, free fibula flap), and total alloplastic joint replacement...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#2
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147600/osteoglophonic-dysplasia-phenotypic-and-radiological-clues
#3
Shwetha Kuthiroly, Dhanya Yesodharan, Aneesh Ghosh, Kenneth E White, Sheela Nampoothiri
Osteoglophonic dysplasia (OD) is an extremely rare, skeletal dysplasia with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Rhizomelic dwarfism, craniosynostosis, impacted teeth, hypodontia or anodontia, and multiple nonossifying bone lesions are the salient features of this condition. We report a 14-year-old girl with clinical and radiological features consistent with OD. She presented with disproportionate short stature, craniosynostosis, a prominent supraorbital ridge, delayed teeth eruption, hypodontia, and multiple nonossifying bone lesions in the femur, tibia, and fibula...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146221/takedown-of-ankle-arthrodesis-with-insufficient-fibula-surgical-technique-and-intermediate-term-follow-up
#4
John M Schuberth, Jeffrey C Christensen, Chad Seidenstricker
Conversion of ankle arthrodesis to total ankle arthroplasty has recently gained popularity. However, technical challenges are present when treating patients without a sufficient fibular buttress. We describe a technique for restoration of an adequate fibular buttress using an iliac crest bone graft or malleolar relocation. The results of 10 patients with an average follow-up period of 56 (range 24 to 123) months are presented. Of the 10 patients, 3 underwent tricortical iliac bone augmentation of the fibula, 4 underwent repositioning of the remnant fibula, and in 3, the in situ fibula was used...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139158/macro-anatomical-and-morphometric-studies-of-the-hindlimb-of-grasscutter-thryonomys-swinderianus-temminck-1827
#5
K T Onwuama, S A Ojo, J O Hambolu, T Dzenda, F O Zakari, S O Salami
The hindlimb of the grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus, Temminck-1827) was studied using 12 adult (≥6 months) rats of either sex with the mean weights of 1.42 ± 0.20 kg and 0.82 ± 0.13 kg for buck (n = 6) and doe (n = 6), respectively (p < .05). Characteristics of the bones were studied by gross observation after their preparation. Measurements of different segments of the hindlimb were also taken, giving a total average length of 31.80 cm. Correlation coefficients between length of bone and weight of rats were positive (p < ...
November 14, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127471/an-anatomic-study-on-the-attachment-of-the-joint-capsule-to-the-tibia-in-the-lateral-side-of-the-knee
#6
Hisayo Nasu, Akimoto Nimura, Sara Sugiura, Hitomi Fujishiro, Hideyuki Koga, Keiichi Akita
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to examine the width, area, and histological characteristics of the capsular attachment to the tibia in the lateral side of the knee. METHODS: A total of 27 knees were used in this study. The joint capsule of the knee was peeled away from the tibia and the width of the capsular attachment to the tibia was measured by two independent observers using a caliper. Interclass correlation coefficients for each value were calculated to evaluate the validity of the measurement...
November 10, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117845/restoration-of-the-active-forearm-rotation-using-vascularized-free-fibular-graft-and-radial-head-arthroplasty-for-a-wide-defect-of-the-proximal-radius
#7
Ryosuke Sato, Yoshitaka Hamada, Naohito Hibino, Toshihiko Nishisho, Ichiro Tonogai, Kenji Endo, Koichi Sairyo
In this report we present a case of re-stabilization of the proximal radius using vascularized free fibular graft combined with anconeus arthroplasty to stabilize the transplanted fibula in a patient with large loss of the proximal radius due to Ewing's sarcoma. A 20-year-old woman had Ewing's sarcoma in the proximal three-fourths of the radius. The resection of large part of the radius containing radial head were necessary for removal of the sarcoma. Reconstruction of the proximal radius was performed using vascularized free fibular graft and the transplanted fibula was stabilized by attaching the anconeus to the proximal edge of the fibula...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109844/porcine-urinary-bladder-extracellular-matrix-for-the-salvage-of-fibula-free-flap-skin-paddle-technical-note-and-description-of-a-case
#8
REVIEW
Rabie M Shanti, Ryan J Smart, Andrew Meram, David Kim
This report establishes a novel application of a commercially available porcine urinary bladder extracellular matrix, MatriStem (ACell, Inc., Columbia, MD), in the salvage of partial loss of the skin paddle of a fibula osteoseptocutaneous free flap that was utilized for mandibular reconstruction.
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107133/physeal-fractures-of-the-lower-leg-in-children-and-adolescents-therapeutic-results-pitfalls-and-suggested-management-protocol-based-on-the-experience-of-the-authors-and-contemporary-literature
#9
Marcin Karlikowski, Jerzy Sułko
INTRODUCTION: Physeal fractures in children frequently give rise to concerns about the condition of the growth plate. Our observations have proven that the dysfunction of the growth plate is less frequent complication in those cases than misdiagnosed interposition of the periosteum. The aim of this paper is to familiarize the readers with the issue of treatment of physeal fractures of the distal tibia and fibula in the growing skeleton. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the group of 75 patients - children and adolescents - with surgically treated physeal fractures of the lower leg...
October 26, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105820/the-radial-forearm-free-flap-as-a-vascular-bridge-for-secondary-microsurgical-head-and-neck-reconstruction-in-a-vessel-depleted-neck
#10
Pedro Ciudad, Mouchammed Agko, Shivprasad Date, Wei-Ling Chang, Oscar J Manrique, Tony C T Huang, Federico Lo Torto, Emilio Triganano, Hung-Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: In a vessel-depleted neck, distant recipient sites may be the only option for secondary free flap reconstruction. While interposition vein grafts and arteriovenous loops can bridge the gap between the recipient and donor pedicle, they are not without risks. In these scenarios, we examinate the reliablity of a radial forearm free flap (RFFF) as an alternative vascular conduit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of cases between March 2005 and May 2016 was performed...
November 4, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100719/contribution-of-3d-printing-to-mandibular-reconstruction-after-cancer
#11
A Dupret-Bories, S Vergez, T Meresse, F Brouillet, G Bertrand
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is booming in the medical field. This technology increases the possibilities of personalized treatment for patients, while lowering manufacturing costs. To facilitate mandibular reconstruction with fibula free flap, some companies propose cutting guides obtained by CT-guided moulding. However, these guides are prohibitively expensive (€2,000 to €6,000). Based on a partnership with the CNRS, engineering students and a biomedical company, the authors have developed cutting guides and 3D-printed mandible templates, deliverable in 7days and at a lower cost...
October 31, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100670/donor-site-morbidity-after-vascularized-fibula-free-flap-gait-analysis-during-prolonged-walk-conditions
#12
N Hadouiri, D Feuvrier, J Pauchot, P Decavel, Y Sagawa
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vascularized fibula free flap (VFFF) harvest on gait variables during the six-minute walk test (6MWT). Eleven patients who had undergone VFFF harvest and 11 healthy peers participated in this case-control study. The main evaluation consisted of the collection of gait variables using the GAITRite system during three periods of the 6MWT: beginning (0-1min), middle (2:30-3:30min), and end (5-6min). The 6MWT was significantly shorter in the VFFF group than in the reference group (-31%, P<0...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098389/symptomatic-os-talus-secundarius-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Ozkan Kose, Hasan May, Baver Acar, Melih Unal
Os talus secundarius is an extremely rare accessory ossicle located at the lateral aspect of the talus just anterior to the fibula. Although rarely seen, it may cause lateral-sided chronic ankle pain. Only a few cases of symptomatic os talus secundarius have been reported to date. Herein, a 42-year-old male patient with symptomatic os talus secundarius is presented, and its imaging findings, differential diagnosis, and treatment are discussed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.
November 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092978/posterior-malleolus-fractures-worth-fixing
#14
M C Solan, A Sakellariou
The posterior malleolus component of a fracture of the ankle is important, yet often overlooked. Pre-operative CT scans to identify and classify the pattern of the fracture are not used enough. Posterior malleolus fractures are not difficult to fix. After reduction and fixation of the posterior malleolus, the articular surface of the tibia is restored; the fibula is out to length; the syndesmosis is more stable and the patient can rehabilitate faster. There is therefore considerable merit in fixing most posterior malleolus fractures...
November 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090206/reconstruction-of-the-three-dimensional-mandibulofacial-defects-using-a-single-cutaneous-perforator-based-fibula-osteocutaneous-flap
#15
In Sook Kang, Jun Gul Ko, Ji Seon Choi, Jin Soo Lim, Min Cheol Kim
The reconstruction of the mandibulofacial defects is a difficult task when there are full-thickness cheek defects involving mandible, inner mucosa and outer skin. There are several reconstructive options for the coverage of large defects, but most of the methods are complicated, and time- and effort-consuming. We hereby present a case of fibula osteocutaneous flap based on a single peroneal artery perforator in the reconstruction of a three-dimensional mandibulofacial defects.
September 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079243/lateral-ligament-reconstruction-for-ball-and-socket-ankle-accompanying-lateral-ankle-instability-a-case-report-and-literature%C3%A2-review
#16
Onur Kocadal, Arzu Ozsoy, Hakan Ozsoy
The ball-and-socket ankle joint is a rare deformity characterized by the loss of concavity in the trochlear surface of the talus with rounding of the articular surfaces of the distal fibula and tibia. Frequently, tarsal coalitions, fibular hypoplasia, and shortening of the limb accompany this deformity. To date, no data have been reported on surgical treatment of lateral ankle joint instability and peroneal tendon dislocation concomitant with a ball-and-socket ankle joint. In the present study, we report the case of a 43-year-old male patient with right lateral ankle joint instability and peroneal tendon dislocation in a ball-and-socket ankle joint, with accompanying tarsal coalition...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079242/fibulocalcaneal-impingement-in-a-growing-child-with-otherwise-asymptomatic-talocalcaneal-coalition
#17
G Ulrich Exner, Hilaire A C Jacob, Gerardo J Maquieira
Subfibular impingement has been described in patients with flatfoot. It possibly occurs with valgus deformity associated with talocalcaneal coalition. We observed symptomatic unilateral fibular impingement initially on the left foot of an 11-year-old female with an otherwise asymptomatic bilateral talocalcaneal coalition. From the age of 8 years, she had complained of pain around the left fibular tip. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a partial talocalcaneal coalition. At 10 years of age, it was questioned whether the pain was related to the coalition...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078816/open-versus-minimally-invasive-fixation-of-a-simulated-syndesmotic-injury-in-a-cadaver-model
#18
Adam C Shaner, Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Lynne C Jones, Erik A Hasenboehler
BACKGROUND: Malreduction of unstable syndesmotic ankle fractures is common. This study compared the reduction quality of an anterolateral open technique (OT) versus a conventional minimally invasive technique (MIT). METHODS: Fourteen fresh-frozen lower torso specimens with 28 matched lower extremities underwent computed tomography (CT) to measure syndesmosis position before dissection. Reduction was performed using direct visualization and fluoroscopy for the OT group (right-sided specimens) and fluoroscopy only for the MIT group (left-sided specimens)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076982/reconstruction-of-traumatic-open-supracondylar-femoral-fractures-by-autologous-fibular-strut-grafting-and-cortico-cancellous-bone-grafting-a-single-centre-observational-study
#19
Raju Iyengar, Nagesh Cherukuri, Chandrasekar Patnala
OBJECTIVES: To study the safety and efficacy of staged reconstruction of distal femoral (supracondylar) bone loss using autologous fibular strut, cortico-cancellous bone grafting. DESIGN: Single Centre, Observational study, with review of literature. SETTING: Urban Level I Trauma Centre,Patients/Participants. 18 consecutive patients (mean age: 35± 8.5 years, all males) with open supracondylar fracture and intercondylar extension (Type C3), (AO type) operated between January 2010 and February 2014 with severe bone loss in 11 patients and moderate loss in 7...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075347/intra-observer-and-inter-observer-reliability-of-leg-circumference-measurement-among-six-observers-a-single-blinded-randomized-trial
#20
Y Bakar, Ö C Özdemir, S Sevim, E Duygu, A Tuğral, M Sürmeli
Hypothesis: Circumference measurement of extremities that was reported to be a reliable method as long as being standardized is commonly used both in clinical and home settings by clinicians or caregivers due to its cheapness and easy use. Objectives: The aims of this study were to determine the inter-observer and intra-observer reliability of manual circumference measurement among different observers and various measurement points. Methods and Results: A total of 58 lower limbs were included in the study. Both lower limbs of each subject were assessed by 6 observers randomly using circumference measurement method from 9 reference points specified with a Leg-O-Meter...
July 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
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