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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078096/preceptor-characteristics-and-the-socialization-outcomes-of-new-graduate-nurses-during-a-preceptorship-programme
#1
Michelle Lalonde, Linda McGillis Hall
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between preceptor characteristics (emotional intelligence, personality and cognitive intelligence) and new graduate nurse socialization outcomes regarding turnover intent, job satisfaction, role conflict and ambiguity during a preceptorship programme. To date, no studies have explored these relationships. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and multi-site design with purposeful sampling. METHODS: Dyads of preceptors and new nurses were recruited at the end of their preceptorship programme...
January 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070692/design-considerations-of-an-analytic-intelligence-for-predicting-the-efficacy-of-tissue-engineered-composites
#2
Gabriela Voskerician
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066821/evaluation-of-receptor-ligand-mechanisms-of-dual-targeted-particles-to-an-inflamed-endothelium
#3
Catherine A Fromen, Margaret B Fish, Anthony Zimmerman, Reheman Adili, Michael Holinstat, Omolola Eniola-Adefeso
Vascular-targeted carriers (VTCs) are designed as leukocyte mimics, decorated with ligands that target leukocyte adhesion molecules (LAMs) and facilitate adhesion to diseased endothelium. VTCs require different design considerations than other targeted particle therapies; adhesion of VTCs in regions with dynamic blood flow requires multiple ligand-receptor (LR) pairs that provide particle adhesion and disease specificity. Despite the ultimate goal of leukocyte mimicry, the specificity of multiple LAM-targeted VTCs remains poorly understood, especially in physiological environments...
March 2016: Bioeng Transl Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055215/salecan-based-ph-sensitive-hydrogels-for-insulin-delivery
#4
Xiaoliang Qi, Wei Wei, Junjian Li, Gancheng Zuo, Xihao Pan, Ting Su, Jianfa Zhang, Wei Dong
Stimuli-responsive polymeric hydrogels are promising and appealing delivery vehicles for protein/peptide drugs and has made protein/peptide delivery with both dosage- and spatiotemporal-controlled manners possible. Here a series of new Salecan-based pH-sensitive hydrogels were fabricated for controlled insulin delivery via the graft copolymerization reaction between Salecan and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid. In this study, on one hand, Salecan played a key role in modifying the structure and the pore size of the developing hydrogel...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050182/working-memory-training-in-the-form-of-structured-games-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Fatemeh Khalili Kermani, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Fariba Yadegari, Fatemeh Haresabadi, Seyed Mehdi Sadeghi
Objective: In this study, a new training method of working memory (WM) was used in the form of structured games, and the effect of training was evaluated with a controlled design. The training method of WM in the form of structured games includes 20 sets of structured games that can improve WM and performance of executive functions. Method: Sixty children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) aged 8.5 to 11.2 years (35 boys), using no stimulant medication were selected. We randomly assigned 30 participants to the experimental group and provided them with WM training...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047138/su-f-e-12-elective-international-rotations-in-medical-physics-residency-programs
#6
D Brown, A Mundt, J Einck, T Pawlicki
PURPOSE: The purpose of this educational program is to motivate talented, intelligent individuals to become stakeholders in the global effort to improve access to radiotherapy. METHODS: The need to improve global access to radiotherapy has been clearly established and several organizations are making substantial progress in securing funding and developing plans to achieve this worthwhile goal. The incorporation of elective international rotations in residency programs may provide one possible mechanism to promote and support this future investment...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045463/neurogenetics-of-developmental-dyslexia-from-genes-to-behavior-through-brain-neuroimaging-and-cognitive-and-sensorial-mechanisms
#7
REVIEW
S Mascheretti, A De Luca, V Trezzi, D Peruzzo, A Nordio, C Marino, F Arrigoni
Developmental dyslexia (DD) is a complex neurodevelopmental deficit characterized by impaired reading acquisition, in spite of adequate neurological and sensorial conditions, educational opportunities and normal intelligence. Despite the successful characterization of DD-susceptibility genes, we are far from understanding the molecular etiological pathways underlying the development of reading (dis)ability. By focusing mainly on clinical phenotypes, the molecular genetics approach has yielded mixed results...
January 3, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042926/the-potential-impact-of-gut-microbiota-on-your-health-current-status-and-future-challenges
#8
Stitaya Sirisinha
Our health and probably also our behaviors and mood depend not only on what we eat or what we do (lifestyle behaviors), but also on what we host. It is well established for decades that all vertebrates including humans are colonized by a wide array of bacteria, fungi, eukaryotic parasites and viruses, and that, at steady state (homeostasis), this community of microbes establishes a friendly mutual relationship with the host. The term microbiota was originally meant to represent an ecological community of commensals and potentially pathogenic microbes that live within our bodies, but it is now used interchangeably with the term microbiome which was initially meant to represent a collective genome of the microbiota...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039648/leadership-development-in-a-professional-medical-society-using-360-degree-survey-feedback-to-assess-emotional-intelligence
#9
Paul J Gregory, Benjamin Robbins, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Larry Harmon
BACKGROUND: The current research evaluated the potential utility of a 360-degree survey feedback program for measuring leadership quality in potential committee leaders of a professional medical association (PMA). Emotional intelligence as measured by the extent to which self-other agreement existed in the 360-degree survey ratings was explored as a key predictor of leadership quality in the potential leaders. STUDY DESIGN: A non-experimental correlational survey design was implemented to assess the variation in leadership quality scores across the sample of potential leaders...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039373/a-model-of-the-superior-colliculus-predicts-fixation-locations-during-scene-viewing-and-visual-search
#10
Hossein Adeli, Françoise Vitu, Gregory J Zelinsky
: Modern computational models of attention predict fixations using saliency maps and target maps, which prioritize locations for fixation based on feature contrast and target goals, respectively. But while many such models are biologically plausible, none have looked to the oculomotor system for design constraints or parameter specification. Conversely, while most models of saccade programming are tightly coupled to underlying neurophysiology, none have been tested using real-world stimuli and tasks...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031078/autism-spectrum-traits-and-visual-processing-in-young-adults-with-very-low-birth-weight-the-helsinki-study-of-very-low-birth-weight-adults
#11
E Wolford, A-K Pesonen, K Heinonen, M Lahti, R Pyhälä, J Lahti, P Hovi, S Strang-Karlsson, J G Eriksson, S Andersson, A-L Järvenpää, E Kajantie, K Räikkönen
Visual processing problems may be one underlying factor for cognitive impairments related to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We examined associations between ASD-traits (Autism-Spectrum Quotient) and visual processing performance (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test; Block Design task of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III) in young adults (mean age=25.0, s.d.=2.1 years) born preterm at very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) (n=101) or at term (n=104). A higher level of ASD-traits was associated with slower global visual processing speed among the preterm VLBW, but not among the term-born group (P<0...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026747/joint-dictionary-learning-based-non-negative-matrix-factorization-for-voice-conversion-to-improve-speech-intelligibility-after-oral-surgery
#12
Szu-Wei Fu, Pei-Chun Li, Ying-Hui Lai, Cheng-Chien Yang, Li-Chun Hsieh, Yu Tsao
OBJECTIVE: This paper focuses on machine learning based voice conversion (VC) techniques for improving the speech intelligibility of surgical patients who have had parts of their articulators removed. Because of the removal of parts of the articulator, a patient's speech may be distorted and difficult to understand. To overcome this problem, VC methods can be applied to convert the distorted speech such that it is clear and more intelligible. To design an effective VC method, two key points must be considered: (1) the amount of training data may be limited (because speaking for a long time is usually difficult for post-operative patients); (2) rapid conversion is desirable (for better communication)...
December 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019017/intelligent-and-automatic-in-vivo-detection-and-quantification-of-transplanted-cells-in-mri
#13
Muhammad Jamal Afridi, Arun Ross, Xiaoming Liu, Margaret F Bennewitz, Dorela D Shuboni, Erik M Shapiro
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based cell tracking has emerged as a useful tool for identifying the location of transplanted cells, and even their migration. Magnetically labeled cells appear as dark contrast in T2*-weighted MRI, with sensitivities of individual cells. One key hurdle to the widespread use of MRI-based cell tracking is the inability to determine the number of transplanted cells based on this contrast feature. In the case of single cell detection, manual enumeration of spots in three-dimensional (3D) MRI in principle is possible; however, it is a tedious and time-consuming task that is prone to subjectivity and inaccuracy on a large scale...
December 26, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018533/developing-emotional-intelligence-in-the-clinical-learning-environment-a-case-study-in-cultural-transformation
#14
Joanne Cohen-Katz, Jeffrey L Sternlieb, Susan E Hansen, Julie A Dostal
BACKGROUND : Burnout continues to erode the physician workforce, and there are few effective intervention studies to guide educators. OBJECTIVE : We explored residents' experience in a model environment emphasizing resident wellness, safety, and interpersonal skills. METHODS : As 1 of 14 participants in the national Preparing the Personal Physician for Practice (P(4)) project, the family medicine residency at Lehigh Valley Health Network implemented a series of curricular changes designed to transform the culture of education...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013472/development-and-evaluation-of-wheel-controlled-pitch-adjustable-electrolarynx
#15
Li Wang, Yijun Feng, Ze Yang, Haijun Niu
Tone is important in tonal languages, especially in Mandarin. However, there is presently no commercially available electrolarynx (EL) for laryngectomized Mandarin speakers. Moreover, few studies have focused on this area. Our purpose is to design an EL that produces the four Mandarin tones and to evaluate its performance. We designed a wheel-controlled pitch-adjustable EL and manufactured a prototype (Wheel-EL). Using monosyllables, disyllabic segments, and frequently used phrases, we evaluated speech produced by Wheel-EL and by monotone (M-TruTone) and variable-frequency modes (V-TruTone) of the commercially available TruTone EL...
December 24, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013156/colorimetric-sensor-arrays-based-on-pattern-recognition-for-the-detection-of-nitroaromatic-molecules
#16
Wei Lu, Xiao Dong, Lili Qiu, Zequn Yan, Zihui Meng, Min Xue, Xuan He, Xueyong Liu
This research demonstrated that, in a colorimetric sensor array, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT), 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) and 4-nitrotoluene (4-MNT) were identifiable through a unique pattern in a qualitative and semi-quantitative manner. The adsorption capacity of the molecularly imprinted colloidal particles (MICs) for their corresponding templates was 0.27mmol TNT/g, 0.22mmol 2,6-DNT/g, 0.31mmol 2,4-DNT/g and 0.16mmol 4-MNT/g, respectively. Every optical sensor utilized in the arrays contained three-dimensional molecularly imprinted photonic crystal (MIPC) sensor with different imprinted templates...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009191/experimental-rectification-of-entropy-production-by-maxwell-s-demon-in-a-quantum-system
#17
Patrice A Camati, John P S Peterson, Tiago B Batalhão, Kaonan Micadei, Alexandre M Souza, Roberto S Sarthour, Ivan S Oliveira, Roberto M Serra
Maxwell's demon explores the role of information in physical processes. Employing information about microscopic degrees of freedom, this "intelligent observer" is capable of compensating entropy production (or extracting work), apparently challenging the second law of thermodynamics. In a modern standpoint, it is regarded as a feedback control mechanism and the limits of thermodynamics are recast incorporating information-to-energy conversion. We derive a trade-off relation between information-theoretic quantities empowering the design of an efficient Maxwell's demon in a quantum system...
December 9, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005956/the-intelligent-control-system-and-experiments-for-an-unmanned-wave-glider
#18
Yulei Liao, Leifeng Wang, Yiming Li, Ye Li, Quanquan Jiang
The control system designing of Unmanned Wave Glider (UWG) is challenging since the control system is weak maneuvering, large time-lag and large disturbance, which is difficult to establish accurate mathematical model. Meanwhile, to complete marine environment monitoring in long time scale and large spatial scale autonomously, UWG asks high requirements of intelligence and reliability. This paper focuses on the "Ocean Rambler" UWG. First, the intelligent control system architecture is designed based on the cerebrum basic function combination zone theory and hierarchic control method...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004959/modeling-visual-problem-solving-as-analogical-reasoning
#19
Andrew Lovett, Kenneth Forbus
We present a computational model of visual problem solving, designed to solve problems from the Raven's Progressive Matrices intelligence test. The model builds on the claim that analogical reasoning lies at the heart of visual problem solving, and intelligence more broadly. Images are compared via structure mapping, aligning the common relational structure in 2 images to identify commonalities and differences. These commonalities or differences can themselves be reified and used as the input for future comparisons...
January 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003288/protocol-for-a-multicentre-study-to-assess-feasibility-acceptability-effectiveness-and-direct-costs-of-triumph-treatment-and-recovery-in-psychosis-integrated-care-pathway-for-psychosis
#20
Shanaya Rathod, Christie Garner, Alison Griffiths, Borislav D Dimitrov, Katherine Newman-Taylor, Chris Woodfine, Lars Hansen, Paul Tabraham, Karen Ward, Carolyn Asher, Peter Phiri, Farooq Naeem, Pippa North, Tariq Munshi, David Kingdon
INTRODUCTION: Duration of untreated psychosis (time between the onset of symptoms and start of treatment) is considered the strongest predictor of symptom severity and outcome. Integrated care pathways that prescribe timeframes around access and interventions can potentially improve quality of care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A multicentre mixed methods study to assess feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness and analysis of direct costs of an integrated care pathway for psychosis...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
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