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Intelligent design

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714884/design-and-implementation-of-a-smart-home-system-using-multisensor-data-fusion-technology
#1
Yu-Liang Hsu, Po-Huan Chou, Hsing-Cheng Chang, Shyan-Lung Lin, Shih-Chin Yang, Heng-Yi Su, Chih-Chien Chang, Yuan-Sheng Cheng, Yu-Chen Kuo
This paper aims to develop a multisensor data fusion technology-based smart home system by integrating wearable intelligent technology, artificial intelligence, and sensor fusion technology. We have developed the following three systems to create an intelligent smart home environment: (1) a wearable motion sensing device to be placed on residents' wrists and its corresponding 3D gesture recognition algorithm to implement a convenient automated household appliance control system; (2) a wearable motion sensing device mounted on a resident's feet and its indoor positioning algorithm to realize an effective indoor pedestrian navigation system for smart energy management; (3) a multisensor circuit module and an intelligent fire detection and alarm algorithm to realize a home safety and fire detection system...
July 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712988/the-spanish-adaptation-of-the-palliative-performance-scale-version-2-among-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-life-psychometric-properties
#2
Eva Barallat, Maria Nabal, Jaume Canal, Javier Trujillano, Montse Gea-Sánchez, Philip J Larkin, Michael G Downing
BACKGROUND: Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) is a reliable tool to assess performance status in cancer patients receiving palliative care. Spanish validated and culturally adapted tools are needed. OBJECTIVES: To develop PPS translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Spanish. To assess its psychometric properties. DESIGN: Translation process with cross-cultural adaptation to produce Spanish Palliative Performance Scale (PPS-SPANISH)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712178/cognitive-potential-and-its-predictors-in-children-from-a-rural-district-of-pakistan
#3
Irum Gilani
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions are available to reduce cognitive deficit currently estimated to affect more than 200 million children under 5 years of age in developing countries. However, developing world's investment is negligible in this regard mainly because of non-existent global indicators to monitor progress with respect to the childhood cognitive development. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) or Full Scale Intelligence Quotient (FSIQ) is an indicator of the cognitive development...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704605/protein-adsorption-to-charged-gold-nanospheres-as-a-function-of-protein-deformability
#4
Jordan M Dennison, Jennifer M Zupancic, Wayne Lin, Jonathan H Dwyer, Catherine J Murphy
The corona that forms as protein adsorbs to gold nanospheres (AuNSs) is directly influenced by the surface chemistry of the AuNS. Tools to predict adsorption outcomes are needed for intelligent design of nanomaterials for biological applications. We hypothesized that the denaturation behavior of a protein might be a useful predictor of adsorption behavior to AuNSs, and used this idea to study protein adsorption to anionic citrate capped AuNSs and to cationic poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) wrapped AuNSs...
July 13, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693391/leading-nurses-emotional-intelligence-and-leadership-development-effectiveness
#5
Kerri Anne Crowne, Thomas M Young, Beryl Goldman, Barbara Patterson, Anne M Krouse, Jose Proenca
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of an emotional intelligence (EI) and leadership development education program involving 20 nurse leaders at nursing homes. Also, it investigates the relationship between EI and transformational leadership. Design/methodology/approach Three research questions are posed. Correlation analysis and t-tests were conducted to answer the questions posed. Findings The findings of this paper indicate that the EI educational development was effective, while the personal leadership development was not...
July 3, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688480/an-intelligent-support-system-for-automatic-detection-of-cerebral-vascular-accidents-from-brain-ct-images
#6
Elmira Hajimani, M G Ruano, A E Ruano
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a Radial Basis Functions Neural Network (RBFNN) based detection system, for automatic identification of Cerebral Vascular Accidents (CVA) through analysis of Computed Tomographic (CT) images. METHODS: For the design of a neural network classifier, a Multi Objective Genetic Algorithm (MOGA) framework is used to determine the architecture of the classifier, its corresponding parameters and input features by maximizing the classification precision, while ensuring generalization...
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682269/adaptive-critic-nonlinear-robust-control-a-survey
#7
Ding Wang, Haibo He, Derong Liu
Adaptive dynamic programming (ADP) and reinforcement learning are quite relevant to each other when performing intelligent optimization. They are both regarded as promising methods involving important components of evaluation and improvement, at the background of information technology, such as artificial intelligence, big data, and deep learning. Although great progresses have been achieved and surveyed when addressing nonlinear optimal control problems, the research on robustness of ADP-based control strategies under uncertain environment has not been fully summarized...
July 3, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681955/stretchable-motion-memory-devices-based-on-mechanical-hybrid-materials
#8
Yaqing Liu, Zhiyuan Liu, Bowen Zhu, Jiancan Yu, Ke He, Wan Ru Leow, Ming Wang, Bevita K Chandran, Dianpeng Qi, Hong Wang, Geng Chen, Cai Xu, Xiaodong Chen
Animals possess various functional systems such as sensory, nervous, and motor systems, which show effective cooperation in order to realize complicated and intelligent behaviors. This inspires rational designs for the integration of individual electronic devices to exhibit a series of functions, such as sensing, memory, and feedback. Inspired by the fact that humans can monitor and memorize various body motions, a motion memory device is developed to mimic this biological process. In this work, mechanical hybrid substrates are introduced, in which rigid memory devices and stretchable strain sensors are integrated into a single module, which enables them to work cooperatively in the wearable state...
July 6, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681384/development-and-validation-of-a-screening-questionnaire-of-family-mistreatment-against-older-adults-for-use-in-primary-care-settings-in-mexico
#9
María Guadalupe Ruelas-González, Blanca Estela Pelcastre-Villafuerte, Eric Monterrubio-Flores, Jacqueline Elizabeth Alcalde-Rabanal, Doris V Ortega-Altamirano, Ana Lorena Ruano, Pedro J Saturno Hernández
The abuse of older adults is a serious public health issue that can be difficult to identify at the first level of care. Medical and nursing personnel are sometimes unable to identify older adults who suffer family mistreatment. This can occur when victims feel shame or as a result of cultural factors. In the light of this, healthcare personnel require a screening tool that can be used to identify signs of mistreatment. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a screening tool for detecting the familial mistreatment of older adults in primary care settings...
July 6, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678468/near-infrared-light-activated-photochemical-internalization-of-reduction-responsive-polyprodrug-vesicles-for-synergistic-photodynamic-and-chemotherapy
#10
Kangning Zhu, Guhuan Liu, Jinming Hu, Shiyong Liu
The use of intracellular reductive microenvironment to control the release of therapeutic payloads has emerged as a popular approach to design and fabricate intelligent nanocarriers. However, these reduction-responsive nanocarriers are generally trapped within endolysosomes after internalization and are subjected to unwanted disintegration, remarkably compromising the therapeutic performance. Herein, amphiphilic polyprodrugs of poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide-co-EoS)-b-PCPTM were synthesized via sequential reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization, where EoS and CPTM are Eosin Y- and camptothecin (CPT)-based monomers, respectively...
July 5, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671582/moving-object-detection-in-heterogeneous-conditions-in-embedded-systems
#11
Alessandro Garbo, Stefano Quer
This paper presents a system for moving object exposure, focusing on pedestrian detection, in external, unfriendly, and heterogeneous environments. The system manipulates and accurately merges information coming from subsequent video frames, making small computational efforts in each single frame. Its main characterizing feature is to combine several well-known movement detection and tracking techniques, and to orchestrate them in a smart way to obtain good results in diversified scenarios. It uses dynamically adjusted thresholds to characterize different regions of interest, and it also adopts techniques to efficiently track movements, and detect and correct false positives...
July 1, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662589/model-selection-in-continuous-test-norming-with-gamlss
#12
Lieke Voncken, Casper J Albers, Marieke E Timmerman
To compute norms from reference group test scores, continuous norming is preferred over traditional norming. A suitable continuous norming approach for continuous data is the use of the Box-Cox Power Exponential model, which is found in the generalized additive models for location, scale, and shape. Applying the Box-Cox Power Exponential model for test norming requires model selection, but it is unknown how well this can be done with an automatic selection procedure. In a simulation study, we compared the performance of two stepwise model selection procedures combined with four model-fit criteria (Akaike information criterion, Bayesian information criterion, generalized Akaike information criterion (3), cross-validation), varying data complexity, sampling design, and sample size in a fully crossed design...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659981/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-spiritual-well-being-and-emotional-intelligence-of-the-elderly-mourners
#13
Abas Solaimani Khashab, Hosain Ghamari Kivi, Davod Fathi
Objective: Grief is one of the most painful experiences of the humans after linking emotions. In the literature of trauma, grief and mourning can be seen on many topics. Intervention and treatment of grief seems necessary as the period of mourning is prolonged. Thus, this study aimed at understanding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy on spiritual well-being and emotional intelligence in the elderly bereavement. Method: This was an experimental study with pre-and posttest design, and control group...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659274/childhood-intelligence-in-relation-to-major-causes-of-death-in-68-year-follow-up-prospective-population-study
#14
Catherine M Calvin, G David Batty, Geoff Der, Caroline E Brett, Adele Taylor, Alison Pattie, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary
Objectives To examine the association between intelligence measured in childhood and leading causes of death in men and women over the life course.Design Prospective cohort study based on a whole population of participants born in Scotland in 1936 and linked to mortality data across 68 years of follow-up.Setting Scotland.Participants 33 536 men and 32 229 women who were participants in the Scottish Mental Survey of 1947 (SMS1947) and who could be linked to cause of death data up to December 2015.Main outcome measures Cause specific mortality, including from coronary heart disease, stroke, specific cancer types, respiratory disease, digestive disease, external causes, and dementia...
June 28, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655440/iacp-gaensc-evolutionary-genetic-algorithm-based-ensemble-classification-of-anticancer-peptides-by-utilizing-hybrid-feature-space
#15
Shahid Akbar, Maqsood Hayat, Muhammad Iqbal, Mian Ahmad Jan
Cancer is a fatal disease, responsible for one-quarter of all deaths in developed countries. Traditional anticancer therapies such as, chemotherapy and radiation, are highly expensive, susceptible to errors and ineffective techniques. These conventional techniques induce severe side-effects on human cells. Due to perilous impact of cancer, the development of an accurate and highly efficient intelligent computational model is desirable for identification of anticancer peptides. In this paper, evolutionary intelligent genetic algorithm-based ensemble model, 'iACP-GAEnsC', is proposed for the identification of anticancer peptides...
June 17, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652857/fiber-optic-force-sensors-for-mri-guided-interventions-and-rehabilitation-a-review
#16
Hao Su, Iulian I Iordachita, Junichi Tokuda, Nobuhiko Hata, Xuan Liu, Reza Seifabadi, Sheng Xu, Bradford Wood, Gregory S Fischer
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) provides both anatomical imaging with excellent soft tissue contrast and functional MRI imaging (fMRI) of physiological parameters. The last two decades have witnessed the manifestation of increased interest in MRI-guided minimally invasive intervention procedures and fMRI for rehabilitation and neuroscience research. Accompanying the aspiration to utilize MRI to provide imaging feedback during interventions and brain activity for neuroscience study, there is an accumulated effort to utilize force sensors compatible with the MRI environment to meet the growing demand of these procedures, with the goal of enhanced interventional safety and accuracy, improved efficacy and rehabilitation outcome...
April 1, 2017: IEEE Sensors Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652143/specific-or-nonspecific-evaluation-of-band-baseline-and-cognitive-specificity-of-sensorimotor-rhythm-and-gamma-based-neurofeedback
#17
Silvia Erika Kober, Matthias Witte, Christa Neuper, Guilherme Wood
Neurofeedback (NF) is often criticized because of the lack of empirical evidence of its specificity. Our present study thus focused on the specificity of NF on three levels: band specificity, cognitive specificity, and baseline specificity. Ten healthy middle-aged individuals performed ten sessions of SMR (sensorimotor rhythm, 12-15Hz) NF training. A second group (N=10) received feedback of a narrow gamma band (40-43Hz). Effects of NF on EEG resting measurements (tonic EEG) and cognitive functions (memory, intelligence) were evaluated using a pre-post design...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637358/comparative-simulation-study-of-glucose-control-methods-designed-for-use-in-the-intensive-care-unit-setting-via-a-novel-controller-scoring-metric
#18
Jeremy DeJournett, Leon DeJournett
BACKGROUND: Effective glucose control in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting has the potential to decrease morbidity and mortality rates and thereby decrease health care expenditures. To evaluate what constitutes effective glucose control, typically several metrics are reported, including time in range, time in mild and severe hypoglycemia, coefficient of variation, and others. To date, there is no one metric that combines all of these individual metrics to give a number indicative of overall performance...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632275/architectures-of-soft-robotic-locomotion-enabled-by-simple-mechanical-principles
#19
Liangliang Zhu, Yunteng Cao, Yilun Liu, Zhe Yang, Xi Chen
In nature, a variety of limbless locomotion patterns flourish, from the small or basic life forms (Escherichia coli, amoebae, etc.) to the large or intelligent creatures (e.g., slugs, starfishes, earthworms, octopuses, jellyfishes, and snakes). Many bioinspired soft robots based on locomotion have been developed in the past few decades. In this work, based on the kinematics and dynamics of two representative locomotion modes (i.e., worm-like crawling and snake-like slithering), we propose a broad set of innovative designs for soft mobile robots through simple mechanical principles...
June 28, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631986/accuracy-statistics-in-predicting-independent-activities-of-daily-living-iadl-capacity-with-comprehensive-and-brief-neuropsychological-test-batteries
#20
Peter Karzmark, Gayle K Deutsch
This investigation was designed to determine the predictive accuracy of a comprehensive neuropsychological and brief neuropsychological test battery with regard to the capacity to perform instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). Accuracy statistics that included measures of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predicted power and positive likelihood ratio were calculated for both types of batteries. The sample was drawn from a general neurological group of adults (n = 117) that included a number of older participants (age >55; n = 38)...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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