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Intelligent design

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549545/developmental-and-internal-validation-of-a-novel-13-loci-str-multiplex-method-for-cannabis-sativa-dna-profiling
#1
Rachel Houston, Matthew Birck, Sheree Hughes-Stamm, David Gangitano
Marijuana (Cannabis sativa L.) is a plant cultivated and trafficked worldwide as a source of fiber (hemp), medicine, and intoxicant. The development of a validated method using molecular techniques such as short tandem repeats (STRs) could serve as an intelligence tool to link multiple cases by means of genetic individualization or association of cannabis samples. For this purpose, a 13 loci STR multiplex method was developed, optimized, and validated according to relevant ISFG and SWGDAM guidelines. The STR multiplex consists of 13 previously described C...
May 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540284/prototyping-and-simulation-of-robot-group-intelligence-using-kohonen-networks
#2
Zhijun Wang, Reza Mirdamadi, Qing Wang
Intelligent agents such as robots can form ad hoc networks and replace human being in many dangerous scenarios such as a complicated disaster relief site. This project prototypes and builds a computer simulator to simulate robot kinetics, unsupervised learning using Kohonen networks, as well as group intelligence when an ad hoc network is formed. Each robot is modeled using an object with a simple set of attributes and methods that define its internal states and possible actions it may take under certain circumstances...
September 2016: IOSR J Comput Eng
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537378/self-healing-highly-sensitive-electronic-sensors-enabled-by-metal-ligand-coordination-and-hierarchical-structure-design
#3
Yangyang Han, Xiaodong Wu, Xinxing Zhang, Canhui Lu
Electronic sensors capable of capturing mechanical deformation are highly desirable for next generation of artificial intelligence products. However, it remains a challenge to prepare self-healing, highly sensitive and cost-efficient sensors for both tiny and large human motion monitoring. Here, a new kind of self-healing, sensitive, and versatile strain sensors has been developed by combining metal-ligand chemistry with hierarchical structure design. Specifically, a self-healing and nanostructured conductive layer is deposited onto a self-healing elastomer substrate cross-linked by metal-ligand coordinate bonds, forming a hierarchically structured sensor...
May 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537138/development-and-evaluation-of-the-british-english-coordinate-response-measure-speech-in-noise-test-as-an-occupational-hearing-assessment-tool
#4
Hannah D Semeraro, Daniel Rowan, Rachel M van Besouw, Adrian A Allsopp
OBJECTIVE: The studies described in this article outline the design and development of a British English version of the coordinate response measure (CRM) speech-in-noise (SiN) test. Our interest in the CRM is as a SiN test with high face validity for occupational auditory fitness for duty (AFFD) assessment. DESIGN: Study 1 used the method of constant stimuli to measure and adjust the psychometric functions of each target word, producing a speech corpus with equal intelligibility...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534872/a-light-driven-artificial-flytrap
#5
Owies M Wani, Hao Zeng, Arri Priimagi
The sophistication, complexity and intelligence of biological systems is a continuous source of inspiration for mankind. Mimicking the natural intelligence to devise tiny systems that are capable of self-regulated, autonomous action to, for example, distinguish different targets, remains among the grand challenges in biomimetic micro-robotics. Herein, we demonstrate an autonomous soft device, a light-driven flytrap, that uses optical feedback to trigger photomechanical actuation. The design is based on light-responsive liquid-crystal elastomer, fabricated onto the tip of an optical fibre, which acts as a power source and serves as a contactless probe that senses the environment...
May 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534847/low-power-multi-hop-networking-analysis-in-intelligent-environments
#6
Josu Etxaniz, Gerardo Aranguren
Intelligent systems are driven by the latest technological advances in many different areas such as sensing, embedded systems, wireless communications or context recognition. This paper focuses on some of those areas. Concretely, the paper deals with wireless communications issues in embedded systems. More precisely, the paper combines the multi-hop networking with Bluetooth technology and a quality of service (QoS) metric, the latency. Bluetooth is a radio license-free worldwide communication standard that makes low power multi-hop wireless networking available...
May 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534732/evaluation-of-adaptive-noise-management-technologies-for-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss
#7
Jace Wolfe, Mila Duke, Erin Schafer, Christine Jones, Lori Rakita
BACKGROUND: Children with hearing loss experience significant difficulty understanding speech in noisy and reverberant situations. Adaptive noise management technologies, such as fully adaptive directional microphones and digital noise reduction, have the potential to improve communication in noise for children with hearing aids. However, there are no published studies evaluating the potential benefits children receive from the use of adaptive noise management technologies in simulated real-world environments as well as in daily situations...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532736/emotional-intelligence-and-coping-styles-an-intervention-in-geriatric-nurses
#8
Carmen María Sarabia-Cobo, Soraya González Suárez, Ernesto J Menéndez Crispín, A Belén Sarabia Cobo, Victoria Pérez, Pablo de Lorena, Cristina Rodríguez Rodríguez, Laura Sanlúcar Gross
Current research indicates a relationship between EI, stress, coping strategies, well-being and mental health. Emotional intelligence skills and knowledge, and coping strategies can be increased with training. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to use a controlled design to test the impact of theoretically based training on the different components of EI and coping styles in a sample of nurses working with older adults. METHODS: A group of 92 professionals (RN and CAN) who attended a workshop on EI were included in the study...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532394/circularlogo-a-lightweight-web-application-to-visualize-intra-motif-dependencies
#9
Zhenqing Ye, Tao Ma, Michael T Kalmbach, Surendra Dasari, Jean-Pierre A Kocher, Liguo Wang
BACKGROUND: The sequence logo has been widely used to represent DNA or RNA motifs for more than three decades. Despite its intelligibility and intuitiveness, the traditional sequence logo is unable to display the intra-motif dependencies and therefore is insufficient to fully characterize nucleotide motifs. Many methods have been developed to quantify the intra-motif dependencies, but fewer tools are available for visualization. RESULT: We developed CircularLogo, a web-based interactive application, which is able to not only visualize the position-specific nucleotide consensus and diversity but also display the intra-motif dependencies...
May 22, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525511/factors-affecting-acoustics-and-speech-intelligibility-in-the-operating-room-size-matters
#10
Richard R McNeer, Christopher L Bennett, Danielle Bodzin Horn, Roman Dudaryk
INTRODUCTION: Noise in health care settings has increased since 1960 and represents a significant source of dissatisfaction among staff and patients and risk to patient safety. Operating rooms (ORs) in which effective communication is crucial are particularly noisy. Speech intelligibility is impacted by noise, room architecture, and acoustics. For example, sound reverberation time (RT60) increases with room size, which can negatively impact intelligibility, while room objects are hypothesized to have the opposite effect...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521625/power-and-provocativeness-the-effects-of-subtle-changes-in-clothing-on-perceptions-of-working-women
#11
Regan A R Gurung, Elizabeth Punke, Michaella Brickner, Vincenzio Badalamenti
The current study investigates the effects of subtle changes in professional women's dress on women's perceptions of power and competence. We replicate and extend Howlett, Pine, Cahill, Orakcioglu, and Fletcher's (2015) research showing women in provocative clothing are rated as less competent. We used a larger sample, tested a second independent variable, and fine-tuned the design for higher face validity. Participants (N = 198, 170 women and 29 men) from a Midwestern university in the USA rated four photographs of professionally dressed women whose blouses varied in the number of buttons left undone and whether they wore a camisole...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513204/on-design-mining-coevolution-and-surrogate-models
#12
Richard J Preen, Larry Bull
Design mining is the use of computational intelligence techniques to iteratively search and model the attribute space of physical objects evaluated directly through rapid prototyping to meet given objectives. It enables the exploitation of novel materials and processes without formal models or complex simulation. In this article, we focus upon the coevolutionary nature of the design process when it is decomposed into concurrent sub-design-threads due to the overall complexity of the task. Using an abstract, tunable model of coevolution, we consider strategies to sample subthread designs for whole-system testing and how best to construct and use surrogate models within the coevolutionary scenario...
May 17, 2017: Artificial Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511375/impact-of-nutritional-status-on-cognition-in-institutionalized-orphans-a-pilot-study
#13
Sanjana M Kamath, Kavana G Venkatappa, Ergod Manjunath Sparshadeep
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is critical for maximizing brain function and enhancing learning. There is accumulating evidence that early malnutrition, marked by stunting, is associated with long-term deficits in cognitive and academic performance, even when social and psychological differences are controlled. All over the world, children living without permanent parental care are at a heightened risk for under-nutrition, putting their health and development in great jeopardy. AIM: To assess the nutritional and cognitive status in institutionalized orphans which might help to formulate effective interventions for improving the nutritional status of vulnerable children in future...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506116/intelligent-adaptive-systems-an-interaction-centred-design-perspective
#14
Chris Baber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502585/frontoparietal-neurostimulation-modulates-working-memory-training-benefits-and-oscillatory-synchronization
#15
Kevin T Jones, Dwight J Peterson, Kara J Blacker, Marian E Berryhill
There is considerable interest in maintaining working memory (WM) because it is essential to accomplish most cognitive tasks, and it is correlated with fluid intelligence and ecologically valid measures of daily living. Toward this end, WM training protocols aim to improve WM capacity and extend improvements to unpracticed domains, yet success is limited. One emerging approach is to couple WM training with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). This pairing of WM training with tDCS in longitudinal designs promotes behavioral improvement and evidence of transfer of performance gains to untrained WM tasks...
May 11, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502406/steering-the-conversation-a-linguistic-exploration-of-natural-language-interactions-with-a-digital-assistant-during-simulated-driving
#16
David R Large, Leigh Clark, Annie Quandt, Gary Burnett, Lee Skrypchuk
Given the proliferation of 'intelligent' and 'socially-aware' digital assistants embodying everyday mobile technology - and the undeniable logic that utilising voice-activated controls and interfaces in cars reduces the visual and manual distraction of interacting with in-vehicle devices - it appears inevitable that next generation vehicles will be embodied by digital assistants and utilise spoken language as a method of interaction. From a design perspective, defining the language and interaction style that a digital driving assistant should adopt is contingent on the role that they play within the social fabric and context in which they are situated...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494815/association-between-fluid-intake-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-with-negative-fluid-balance-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Yanfei Shen, Xinmei Huang, Weimin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Compared to positive fluid balance (FB), negative FB is associated with improved clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. However, as to whether achieving more negative FB can further improve outcomes has not been investigated. This study aimed to investigate whether more negative FB and restricted fluid intake were associated with improved outcomes in critically ill patients. METHOD: Data were extracted from the Multi-parameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III Database...
May 12, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492073/polyvalent-and-thermosensitive-dna-nanoensembles-for-cancer-cell-detection-and-manipulation
#18
Jinlu Tang, Yanru Yu, Hui Shi, Xiaoxiao He, Yanli Lei, Jingfang Shangguan, Xue Yang, Zhenzhen Qiao, Kemin Wang
Development of smart DNA nanostructures is of great value in cancer studies. Here, by integrating rolling circle amplification (RCA) into split aptamer design, a novel strategy of polyvalent and thermosensitive DNA nanoensembles was first proposed for cancer cell detection and manipulation. In this strategy, a long nanosolo ssDNA with repeated Split-b and Poly T regions was generated through RCA. Split-b supplied polyvalent binding sites while Poly T supported signal output by hybridizing with fluorophore-labeled poly A...
May 25, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490564/association-between-serum-osmolarity-and-mortality-in-patients-who-are-critically-ill-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Yanfei Shen, Xuping Cheng, Manzhen Ying, Hao-Tang Chang, Weimin Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This research aims to explore the association between serum osmolarity and mortality in patients who are critically ill with specific categories of disease. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were extracted from an online database named 'Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care II'. 16 598 patients were included. METHODS: Patients were divided into six disease subgroups based on the diagnosis at admission: cardiac, cerebral, vascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory and non-respiratory...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490513/effect-of-maternal-antenatal-and-newborn-supplementation-with-vitamin-a-on-cognitive-development-of-school-aged-children-in-rural-bangladesh-a-follow-up-of-a-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#20
Hasmot Ali, Jena Hamadani, Sucheta Mehra, Fahmida Tofail, Md Imrul Hasan, Saijuddin Shaikh, Abu Ahmed Shamim, Lee S-F Wu, Keith P West, Parul Christian
Background: The impact of early vitamin A supplementation on neurodevelopmental function has not been adequately studied. In rural Bangladesh we examined cognitive and motor function and scholastic achievement in a cohort of children who were exposed to vitamin A in utero or at birth.Objective: The aim of this study was to examine independent and combined effects of antenatal and newborn supplementation with vitamin A on the cognitive function of children at 8 y of age.Design: A cohort of rural Bangladeshi children from 2 previous double-blind, placebo-controlled cluster-randomized trials were revisited at age 8 y between February 2013 and June 2014...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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