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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427032/social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-focus-on-emotional-intelligence
#1
C Varo, E Jimenez, B Solé, C M Bonnín, C Torrent, E Valls, I Morilla, G Lahera, A Martínez-Arán, E Vieta, M Reinares
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to characterize emotional intelligence (EI) variability in a sample of euthymic bipolar disorder (BD) patients through the Mayer- Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). METHOD: A total of 134 euthymic BD outpatients were recruited and divided into three groups according to the total Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ) score of the MSCEIT, following a statistical criterion of scores 1.5SDs above/below the normative group mean, as follows: a low performance (LP) group (EIQ <85), a normal performance (NP) group (85≤EIQ≤115), and a high performance (HP) group (EIQ >115)...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426909/nursing-and-pharmacy-students-use-of-emotionally-intelligent-behaviours-to-manage-challenging-interpersonal-situations-with-staff-during-clinical-placement-a-qualitative-study
#2
Andrea McCloughen, Kim Foster
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify challenging interpersonal interactions experienced by nursing and pharmacy students during clinical placement, and strategies used to manage those situations. BACKGROUND: Healthcare students and staff experience elevated stress when exposed to dynamic clinical environments, complex care, and challenging professional relationships. Emotionally intelligent behaviours are associated with appropriate recognition and management of emotions evoked by stressful experiences, and development of effective relationships...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421735/a-self-healable-and-cold-resistant-supercapacitor-based-on-a-multifunctional-hydrogel-electrolyte
#3
Feng Tao, Liming Qin, Zhikui Wang, Qinmin Pan
Excellent self-healability and cold-resistance are attractive properties for a portable/wearable energy-storage device. However, achieving the features is fundamentally dependent on an intrinsically self-healable electrolyte with high ionic conduction at low temperature. Here we report such a hydrogel electrolyte comprising sodium alginate cross-linked by dynamic catechol-borate ester bonding. Since its dynamically cross-linked alginate network can tolerate high content inorganic salts, the electrolyte possesses excellent healing efficiency/cyclability but also high ionic conduction at both room temperature and low temperature...
April 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420134/visual-detection-and-tracking-system-for-a-spherical-amphibious-robot
#4
Shuxiang Guo, Shaowu Pan, Liwei Shi, Ping Guo, Yanlin He, Kun Tang
With the goal of supporting close-range observation tasks of a spherical amphibious robot, such as ecological observations and intelligent surveillance, a moving target detection and tracking system was designed and implemented in this study. Given the restrictions presented by the amphibious environment and the small-sized spherical amphibious robot, an industrial camera and vision algorithms using adaptive appearance models were adopted to construct the proposed system. To handle the problem of light scattering and absorption in the underwater environment, the multi-scale retinex with color restoration algorithm was used for image enhancement...
April 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418055/application-of-machine-statistical-learning-artificial-intelligence-and-statistical-experimental-design-for-the-modeling-and-optimization-of-methylene-blue-and-cd-ii-removal-from-a-binary-aqueous-solution-by-natural-walnut-carbon
#5
H Mazaheri, M Ghaedi, M H Ahmadi Azqhandi, A Asfaram
Analytical chemists apply statistical methods for both the validation and prediction of proposed models. Methods are required that are adequate for finding the typical features of a dataset, such as nonlinearities and interactions. Boosted regression trees (BRTs), as an ensemble technique, are fundamentally different to other conventional techniques, with the aim to fit a single parsimonious model. In this work, BRT, artificial neural network (ANN) and response surface methodology (RSM) models have been used for the optimization and/or modeling of the stirring time (min), pH, adsorbent mass (mg) and concentrations of MB and Cd(2+) ions (mg L(-1)) in order to develop respective predictive equations for simulation of the efficiency of MB and Cd(2+) adsorption based on the experimental data set...
April 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406687/investigating-the-relationship-between-media-multitasking-and-processes-involved-in-task-switching
#6
Reem Alzahabi, Mark W Becker, David Z Hambrick
Although multitasking with media has increased dramatically in recent years (Rideout, Foehr, & Roberts, 2010), the association between media multitasking and cognitive performance is poorly understood. In addition, the literature on the relationship between media multitasking and task-switching, one measure of cognitive control, has produced mixed results (Alzahabi & Becker, 2013; Minear et al., 2013; Ophir, Nass, & Wagner, 2009). Here we use an individual differences approach to investigate the relationship between media multitasking and task-switching performance by first examining the structure of task-switching and identifying the latent factors that contribute to switch costs...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406426/autonomous-car-parking-system-through-a-cooperative-vehicular-positioning-network
#7
Alejandro Correa, Guillem Boquet, Antoni Morell, Jose Lopez Vicario
The increasing development of the automotive industry towards a fully autonomous car has motivated the design of new value-added services in Vehicular Sensor Networks (VSNs). Within the context of VSNs, the autonomous car, with an increasing number of on-board sensors, is a mobile node that exchanges sensed and state information within the VSN. Among all the value added services for VSNs, the design of new intelligent parking management architectures where the autonomous car will coexist with traditional cars is mandatory in order to profit from all the opportunities associated with the increasing intelligence of the new generation of cars...
April 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406102/strong-correlations-between-empathy-emotional-intelligence-and-personality-traits-among-podiatric-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kurtis Bertram, John Randazzo, Nathaniel Alabi, Jack Levenson, John T Doucette, Peter Barbosa
BACKGROUND: The ability of health-care providers to demonstrate empathy toward their patients results in a number of positive outcomes improving the quality of care. In addition, a provider's level of emotional intelligence (EI) can further the doctor-patient relationship, stimulating a more personalized and comprehensive manner of treating patients. Furthermore, personality traits of a clinician may positively or negatively influence that relationship, as well as clinical outcomes. This study was designed to evaluate empathy levels in podiatric medical students in a 4-year doctoral program...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406101/emotional-intelligence-a-unique-group-training-in-a-hematology-oncology-unit
#9
Tamar Tadmor, Niva Dolev, Dina Attias, Ayalla Reuven Lelong, Amnon Rofe
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) is increasingly viewed as one of the important skills required for a successful career and personal life. Consequently, efforts have been made to improve personal and group performance in EI, mostly in commercial organizations. However, these programs have not been widely applied in the health field. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of a unique special EI interventional process within the framework of an active hematology-oncology unit in a general hospital...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402674/towards-highly-efficient-electrocatalyst-for-li-o2-batteries-using-biphasic-n-doping-cobalt-graphene-multiple-capsule-heterostructures
#10
Guoqiang Tan, Lina Chong, Rachid Amine, Jun Lu, Cong Liu, Yifei Yuan, Jianguo Wen, Kun He, Xuanxuan Bi, Yuanyuan Guo, Hsien-Hau Wang, Reza Shahbazian-Yassar, Said Al-Hallaj, Dean J Miller, Di-Jia Liu, Khalil Amine
To promote lithium-oxygen batteries available for practical applications, the development of advanced cathode catalysts with low-cost, high activity and stable structural properties is demanded. Such development is rooted on certain intelligent catalyst-electrode design that fundamentally facilitates electronic and ionic transport, and improves oxygen diffusivity in a porous environment. Here we design a biphasic nitrogen-doped cobalt@graphene multiple-capsule heterostructure, combined with a flexible, stable porous electrode architecture, and apply it as promising cathodes for lithium-oxygen cells...
April 12, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402332/deep-learning-for-flow-sculpting-insights-into-efficient-learning-using-scientific-simulation-data
#11
Daniel Stoecklein, Kin Gwn Lore, Michael Davies, Soumik Sarkar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian
A new technique for shaping microfluid flow, known as flow sculpting, offers an unprecedented level of passive fluid flow control, with potential breakthrough applications in advancing manufacturing, biology, and chemistry research at the microscale. However, efficiently solving the inverse problem of designing a flow sculpting device for a desired fluid flow shape remains a challenge. Current approaches struggle with the many-to-one design space, requiring substantial user interaction and the necessity of building intuition, all of which are time and resource intensive...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401792/assessment-of-long-term-mate-preferences-in-iran
#12
Mohammad Atari
Previous research suggests that assessment of mate preferences has received relatively little psychometric attention from researchers, particularly in non-Western cultures. The current research was designed to (1) extend previous findings on long-term mate preferences by using a qualitative strategy, (2) develop a psychometrically sound scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences in men, and (3) develop a sex-neutral scale for assessment of long-term mate preferences. Six dimensions of mate preferences emerged for men: F = family/domesticity, A = attractiveness/sexuality, K = kindness/dependability, E = education/intelligence, R = religiosity/chastity, and S = status/resources...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400564/a-novel-4-arm-dna-rna-nanoconstruct-triggering-rapid-apoptosis-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells-within-24%C3%A2-hours
#13
Joline Tung, Lih Shin Tew, Yuan-Man Hsu, Yit Lung Khung
Measuring at ~30 nm, a fully customizable holliday junction DNA nanoconstruct, was designed to simultaneously carry three unmodified SiRNA strands for apoptosis gene knockout in cancer cells without any assistance from commercial transfection kits. In brief, a holliday junction structure was intelligently designed to present one arm with a cell targeting aptamer (AS1411) while the remaining three arms to carry different SiRNA strands by means of DNA/RNA duplex for inducing apoptosis in cancer cells. By carrying the three SiRNA strands (AKT, MDM2 and Survivin) into triple negative breast MDA-MB-231 cancer cells, cell number had reduced by up to ~82% within 24 hours solely from one single administration of 32 picomoles...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398336/a-microprocessor-based-on-a-two-dimensional-semiconductor
#14
Stefan Wachter, Dmitry K Polyushkin, Ole Bethge, Thomas Mueller
The advent of microcomputers in the 1970s has dramatically changed our society. Since then, microprocessors have been made almost exclusively from silicon, but the ever-increasing demand for higher integration density and speed, lower power consumption and better integrability with everyday goods has prompted the search for alternatives. Germanium and III-V compound semiconductors are being considered promising candidates for future high-performance processor generations and chips based on thin-film plastic technology or carbon nanotubes could allow for embedding electronic intelligence into arbitrary objects for the Internet-of-Things...
April 11, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398266/design-and-implementation-of-an-intelligent-windowsill-system-using-smart-handheld-device-and-fuzzy-microcontroller
#15
Jing-Min Wang, Ming-Ta Yang, Po-Lin Chen
With the advance of science and technology, people have a desire for convenient and comfortable living. Creating comfortable and healthy indoor environments is a major consideration for designing smart homes. As handheld devices become increasingly powerful and ubiquitous, this paper proposes an innovative use of smart handheld devices (SHD), using MIT App Inventor and fuzzy control, to perform the real-time monitoring and smart control of the designed intelligent windowsill system (IWS) in a smart home. A compact weather station that consists of environment sensors was constructed in the IWS for measuring of indoor illuminance, temperature-humidity, carbon dioxide (CO₂) concentration and outdoor rain and wind direction...
April 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398265/a-waist-worn-inertial-measurement-unit-for-long-term-monitoring-of-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#16
Daniel Rodríguez-Martín, Carlos Pérez-López, Albert Samà, Andreu Català, Joan Manuel Moreno Arostegui, Joan Cabestany, Berta Mestre, Sheila Alcaine, Anna Prats, María de la Cruz Crespo, Àngels Bayés
Inertial measurement units (IMUs) are devices used, among other fields, in health applications, since they are light, small and effective. More concretely, IMUs have been demonstrated to be useful in the monitoring of motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this sense, most of previous works have attempted to assess PD symptoms in controlled environments or short tests. This paper presents the design of an IMU, called 9 × 3, that aims to assess PD symptoms, enabling the possibility to perform a map of patients' symptoms at their homes during long periods...
April 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396593/polybenzoxazole-nanofiber-reinforced-moisture-responsive-soft-actuators
#17
Meiling Chen, Johannes Frueh, Daolin Wang, Xiankun Lin, Hui Xie, Qiang He
Hydromorphic biological systems, such as morning glory flowers, pinecones, and awns, have inspired researchers to design moisture-sensitive soft actuators capable of directly converting the change of moisture into motion or mechanical work. Here, we report a moisture-sensitive poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) nanofiber (PBONF)-reinforced carbon nanotube/poly(vinyl alcohol) (CNT/PVA) bilayer soft actuator with fine performance on conductivity and mechanical properties. The embedded PBONFs not only assist CNTs to form a continuous, conductive film, but also enhance the mechanical performance of the actuators...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395561/acoustic-and-perceptual-effects-of-magnifying-interaural-difference-cues-in-a-simulated-binaural-hearing-aid
#18
Tobias de Taillez, Giso Grimm, Birger Kollmeier, Tobias Neher
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of an algorithm designed to enhance or magnify interaural difference cues on speech signals in noisy, spatially complex conditions using both technical and perceptual measurements. To also investigate the combination of interaural magnification (IM), monaural microphone directionality (DIR), and binaural coherence-based noise reduction (BC). DESIGN: Speech-in-noise stimuli were generated using virtual acoustics. A computational model of binaural hearing was used to analyse the spatial effects of IM...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384489/self-reported-speed-compliance-and-attitudes-towards-speeding-in-a-representative-sample-of-drivers-in-australia
#19
A N Stephens, M Nieuwesteeg, J Page-Smith, M Fitzharris
BACKGROUND: Vehicle speed is a major contributor to road trauma, both in terms of increased crash risk and injury severity. In Australia, approximately one third of fatal crashes occur in speed zones of 100km/h. This proportion has remained the same, despite the reduction in the number of road fatalities over the past decade. To drive further reductions in speed-related crashes, an improved understanding of the underlying determinants of speed choice is required. METHOD: A community attitude survey designed to understand speed behaviour and attitudes towards speeding was distributed to a large (N=5179) representative sample of drivers in Australia...
April 3, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382857/prediction-of-human-intestinal-absorption-of-compounds-using-artificial-intelligence-techniques
#20
Rajnish Kumar, Anju Sharma, Mohammed Haris Siddiqui, Rajesh Kumar Tiwari
Information about Pharmacokinetics of compounds is an essential component of drug design and development. Modeling the pharmacokinetic properties require identification of the factors effecting absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of compounds. There have been continuous attempts in the prediction of absorption of compounds using various Artificial intelligence methods in the effort to reduce the attrition rate of drug candidates entering to preclinical and clinical trials. Currently, there are large numbers of individual predictive models available for absorption using machine learning approaches...
April 4, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
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