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Remote viewing

Mohan Paudel, Sara Javanparast, Gouranga Dasvarma, Lareen Newman
OBJECTIVE AND THE CONTEXT: This paper examines the beliefs and experiences of women and their families in remote mountain villages of Nepal about perinatal sickness and death and considers the implications of these beliefs for future healthcare provision. METHODS: Two mountain villages were chosen for this qualitative study to provide diversity of context within a highly disadvantaged region. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 42 women of childbearing age and their family members, 15 health service providers, and 5 stakeholders...
2018: PloS One
Yuqing Dong, Guorui Jin, Yuan Hong, Hongyuan Zhu, Tianjian Lu, Feng Xu, Dan Bai, Min Lin
In vivo, cells are located in a dynamic, three-dimensional (3D) cell microenvironment, and various biomaterials have been used to engineer 3D cell microenvironments in vitro to study the effects of the cell microenvironment on the regulation of cell fate. However, conventional hydrogels can only mimic the static cell microenvironment without any synchronous regulations. Therefore, novel hydrogels that are capable of responding to specific stimuli (e.g., light, temperature, pH, and magnetic and electrical stimulations) have emerged as versatile platforms to precisely mimic the dynamic native 3D cell microenvironment...
March 14, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Matthew O'Toole, David B Lindell, Gordon Wetzstein
How to image objects that are hidden from a camera's view is a problem of fundamental importance to many fields of research, with applications in robotic vision, defence, remote sensing, medical imaging and autonomous vehicles. Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging at macroscopic scales has been demonstrated by scanning a visible surface with a pulsed laser and a time-resolved detector. Whereas light detection and ranging (LIDAR) systems use such measurements to recover the shape of visible objects from direct reflections, NLOS imaging reconstructs the shape and albedo of hidden objects from multiply scattered light...
March 15, 2018: Nature
Caroline Jones, Mridula Sharma, Samantha Harkus, Catherine McMahon, Mele Taumoepeau, Katherine Demuth, Karen Mattock, Lee Rosas, Raelene Wing, Sulabha Pawar, Anne Hampshire
BACKGROUND: Indigenous infants and children in Australia, especially in remote communities, experience early and chronic otitis media (OM) which is difficult to treat and has lifelong impacts in health and education. The LiTTLe Program (Learning to Talk, Talking to Learn) aimed to increase infants' access to spoken language input, teach parents to manage health and hearing problems, and support children's school readiness. This paper aimed to explore caregivers' views about this inclusive, parent-implemented early childhood program for 0-3 years in an Aboriginal community health context...
March 6, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Marie Hutchinson, Neil Wendt, Stuart Trevor Smith
The 2011 Productivity Commission report, Caring for Older Australians, observed that as the number of older Australians rises and the demand for aged care services increases, there will be a commensurate increase in demand for a well-trained aged care workforce. One of the significant issues impacting upon the ability of the aged services sector to respond to a growing number of older adults is to attract and retain sufficient numbers of staff. A number of factors are acknowledged to contribute to a failure of the aged care sector to attract and retain workers including: poor sector reputation, poor working conditions, including high client-staff ratios, a lack of career paths and professional development opportunities and low rates of remuneration...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Thomas A W Bolton, Delphine Jochaut, Anne-Lise Giraud, Dimitri Van De Ville
To refine our understanding of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), studies of the brain in dynamic, multimodal and ecological experimental settings are required. One way to achieve this is to compare the neural responses of ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals when viewing a naturalistic movie, but the temporal complexity of the stimulus hampers this task, and the presence of intrinsic functional connectivity (FC) may overshadow movie-driven fluctuations. Here, we detected inter-subject functional correlation (ISFC) transients to disentangle movie-induced functional changes from underlying resting-state activity while probing FC dynamically...
March 5, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
Jennifer L Fang, Gladys B Asiedu, Ann M Harris, Katherine Carroll, Christopher E Colby
BACKGROUND: Teleneonatology may improve the quality of high-risk newborn resuscitations performed by general providers in community settings. Variables that affect teleneonatology utilization have not been identified. INTRODUCTION: The objective of our mixed-methods study was to understand the barriers and facilitators experienced by local care providers who receive teleneonatology services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In October 2015, an electronic survey was sent to 349 teleneonatology participants at 6 community hospitals to assess user satisfaction, technology usability and acceptability, and impact on patient care...
February 8, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Sandra J Hamilton, Belynda Mills, Eleanor M Birch, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) and secondary prevention are effective components of evidence-based management for cardiac patients, resulting in improved clinical and behavioural outcomes. Mobile health (mHealth) is a rapidly growing health delivery method that has the potential to enhance CR and heart failure management. We undertook a systematic review to assess the evidence around mHealth interventions for CR and heart failure management for service and patient outcomes, cost effectiveness with a view to how mHealth could be utilized for rural, remote and Indigenous cardiac patients...
February 7, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Gleb Solomentsev, Carl Diehl, Mikael Akke
FKBP12 (FK506 binding protein 12 kDa) is an important drug target that attracts a great deal of interest as a model system for computational drug design and studies on the role of protein dynamics in ligand binding. NMR spectroscopy is uniquely suited to experimentally probe protein dynamics on a wide range of timescales. Order parameters, describing amplitudes of motion on the pico- to nanosecond timescale, take a central role because they are often used to validate molecular dynamics simulations and can provide estimates of the conformational entropy...
February 7, 2018: Biochemistry
R Hermes, J Saragusty, I Moser, S Holtze, J Nieter, K Sachse, T Voracek, A Bernhard, T Bouts, F Göritz, T B Hildebrandt
Tuberculosis (TB) has been known to affect elephants for thousands of years. It was put into spotlight when few circus elephants were diagnosed carrying Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis. Because of the zoonotic risk and high susceptibility to M. tuberculosis, periodic testing was enacted since, in captive breeding programmes. Presently, trunk wash is the recommended diagnostic procedure for TB. Trunk wash, however, puts the operator at risk, has low sensitivity, and is prone to contamination. Here, bronchoalveolar lavage is described for the first time for TB diagnosis in elephants...
February 5, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Andrés Larroza, María P López-Lereu, José V Monmeneu, Jose Gavara, Francisco J Chorro, Vicente Bodí, David Moratal
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of texture analysis to differentiate between infarcted non-viable, viable, and remote segments on cardiac cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This retrospective study included 50 patients suffering chronic myocardial infarction. The data was randomly split into training (30 patients) and testing (20 patients) sets. The left ventricular myocardium was segmented according to the 17-segment model in both cine and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) MRI...
February 1, 2018: Medical Physics
Matthew G Hanna, Ishtiaque Ahmed, Jeffrey Nine, Shyam Prajapati, Liron Pantanowitz
CONTEXT: - Augmented reality (AR) devices such as the Microsoft HoloLens have not been well used in the medical field. OBJECTIVE: - To test the HoloLens for clinical and nonclinical applications in pathology. DESIGN: - A Microsoft HoloLens was tested for virtual annotation during autopsy, viewing 3D gross and microscopic pathology specimens, navigating whole slide images, telepathology, as well as real-time pathology-radiology correlation...
January 31, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Tessa van Middelaar, Cathrien R L Beishuizen, Juliette Guillemont, Mariagnese Barbera, Edo Richard, Eric P Moll van Charante
OBJECTIVES: To study older peoples' experiences with an interactive internet platform for cardiovascular self-management, to assess which factors influence initial and sustained engagement. To assess their views on future use within primary care. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interview study, with thematic analysis. SETTING: Primary care in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: People ≥65 years with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease who used the 'Healthy Ageing Through Internet Counselling in the Elderly' internet platform with remote support of a coach...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
Zimbul Albo, Johannes Gräff
Long-lasting memories form the basis of our identity as individuals and lie central in shaping future behaviours that guide survival. Surprisingly, however, our current knowledge of how such memories are stored in the brain and retrieved, as well as the dynamics of the circuits involved, remains scarce despite seminal technical and experimental breakthroughs in recent years. Traditionally, it has been proposed that, over time, information initially learnt in the hippocampus is stored in distributed cortical networks...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
J C Luis-Navarro, M Seda-Guzmán, C Luis-Moreno, J L López-Romero
Multimodal anaesthesia, combining epidural catheter and general anaesthesia, is a common technique in thoracic surgery, however, epidural catheter placement is not always possible. Recently, erector spinae plane block has been described, which provides analgesia like that of the epidural block, although unilateral, and which has been used in various procedures at thoracic level. At present, there are no studies comparing the efficacy or safety of this block with those commonly used in thoracic surgery. However, its safety profile and contraindications seem different from those of the epidural catheter, since its placement is done under ultrasound view, the needle introduction is done in plane and the ultrasound target, the transverse process, is easily identifiable and is relatively remote from major neural or vascular structures and the pleura...
January 11, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Sarah T Thomas, Elizabeth T Thomas, Michelle McLean
PURPOSE: Propose a framework for planning and undertaking an international elective. METHODS: On returning from conducting maternal health and well-being research in several remote communities in India, two undergraduate medical students have reflected on and documented their experiences with the view to assisting other students (and their supervisors) considering undertaking an international elective. RESULTS: A framework for undertaking clinical or research electives in remote or rural communities is presented...
January 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
Andrea Gilkison, Jean Rankin, Mary Kensington, Rea Daellenbach, Lorna Davies, Ruth Deery, Susan Crowther
OBJECTIVE: the complex and challenging nature of rural midwifery is a global issue. New Zealand and Scotland both face similar ongoing challenges in sustaining a rural midwifery workforce, and understanding the best preparation for rural midwifery practice. This study aimed to explore the range of skills, qualities and professional expertise needed for remote and rural midwifery practice. DESIGN: online mixed methods: An initial questionnaire via a confidential SurveyMonkey® was circulated to all midwives working with rural women and families in New Zealand and Scotland...
December 19, 2017: Midwifery
Toshi A Furukawa, Masaru Horikoshi, Hirokazu Fujita, Naohisa Tsujino, Ran Jinnin, Yuki Kako, Sei Ogawa, Hirotoshi Sato, Nobuki Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Shinagawa, Yoshio Ikeda, Hissei Imai, Aran Tajika, Yusuke Ogawa, Tatsuo Akechi, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Shinji Shimodera, Norio Watanabe, Masatoshi Inagaki, Akio Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: A strong and growing body of evidence has demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), either face-to-face, in person, or as self-help via the Internet, for depression. However, CBT is a complex intervention consisting of several putatively effective components, and how each component may or may not contribute to the overall effectiveness of CBT is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate how the users of smartphone CBT use and benefit from various components of the program...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Martin Jones, Monika Ferguson, Sandra Walsh, Lee Martinez, Michael Marsh, Kathryn Cronin, Nicolas Procter
There are well-established training programmes available to support health and human services professionals working with people vulnerable to suicide. However, little is known about involving people with lived experience in the delivery of suicide prevention training with communities with increased rates of suicide. The aim of this paper was to report on a formative dialogical evaluation that explored the views of health and human services workers with regard to a suicide prevention training programme in regional (including rural and remote areas) South Australia which included meaningful involvement of a person with lived experience in the development and delivery of the training...
January 8, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
C-O Bagayoko, M Niang, A Anne, D Traoré, H Sangho, A-K Traoré, A Geissbuhler
The PACT-Denbaya project (Program for community access to telemedicine for families) aimed to help improve the health of mothers and child in rural communities through the delegation of obstetric-gynecologic and pediatric tasks, supported by teleconsultations. This operational research took place in 6 community health centers in the Dioïla health district in Mali. Our method was based of the delegation of tasks, supported by teleconsultations. Experts in pediatrics and obstetrics/gynecology provided a week-long training program to general practitioners and midwives, in the management of the most common problems in the field and in the use of the "Bogou" teleconsultation and "Dudal" tele-education platforms to ensure exchanges and follow-up...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
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