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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638406/an-html5-based-pure-website-solution-for-rapidly-viewing-and-processing-large-scale-3d-medical-volume-reconstruction-on-mobile-internet
#1
Liang Qiao, Xin Chen, Ye Zhang, Jingna Zhang, Yi Wu, Ying Li, Xuemei Mo, Wei Chen, Bing Xie, Mingguo Qiu
This study aimed to propose a pure web-based solution to serve users to access large-scale 3D medical volume anywhere with good user experience and complete details. A novel solution of the Master-Slave interaction mode was proposed, which absorbed advantages of remote volume rendering and surface rendering. On server side, we designed a message-responding mechanism to listen to interactive requests from clients (Slave model) and to guide Master volume rendering. On client side, we used HTML5 to normalize user-interactive behaviors on Slave model and enhance the accuracy of behavior request and user-friendly experience...
2017: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636638/outcomes-from-a-large-10-year-hepatitis-c-treatment-programme-in-people-who-inject-drugs-no-effect-of-recent-or-former-injecting-drug-use-on-treatment-adherence-or-therapeutic-response
#2
Omar Elsherif, Ciaran Bannan, Shay Keating, Susan McKiernan, Colm Bergin, Suzanne Norris
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People who inject drugs (PWID) are historically viewed as having "difficult to treat" hepatitis C disease, with perceived inferior treatment adherence and outcomes, and concerns regarding reinfection risk. We evaluated for differences in treatment adherence and response to Peginterferon-alfa-2a/Ribavirin (Peg-IFNα/RBV) in a large urban cohort with and without a history of remote or recent injection drug use. METHODS: Patient data was retrospectively reviewed for 1000 consecutive patients-608 former (no injecting drug use for 6 months of therapy), 85 recent (injecting drug use within 6 months) PWID, and 307 non-drug users who were treated for chronic hepatitis C with Peg-IFNα/RBV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632156/image-mosaicking-approach-for-a-double-camera-system-in-the-gaofen2-optical-remote-sensing-satellite-based-on-the-big-virtual-camera
#3
Yufeng Cheng, Shuying Jin, Mi Wang, Ying Zhu, Zhipeng Dong
The linear array push broom imaging mode is widely used for high resolution optical satellites (HROS). Using double-cameras attached by a high-rigidity support along with push broom imaging is one method to enlarge the field of view while ensuring high resolution. High accuracy image mosaicking is the key factor of the geometrical quality of complete stitched satellite imagery. This paper proposes a high accuracy image mosaicking approach based on the big virtual camera (BVC) in the double-camera system on the GaoFen2 optical remote sensing satellite (GF2)...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630302/new-perspective-on-spring-vegetation-phenology-and-global-climate-change-based-on-tibetan-plateau-tree-ring-data
#4
Bao Yang, Minhui He, Vladimir Shishov, Ivan Tychkov, Eugene Vaganov, Sergio Rossi, Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, Achim Bräuning, Jussi Grießinger
Phenological responses of vegetation to climate, in particular to the ongoing warming trend, have received much attention. However, divergent results from the analyses of remote sensing data have been obtained for the Tibetan Plateau (TP), the world's largest high-elevation region. This study provides a perspective on vegetation phenology shifts during 1960-2014, gained using an innovative approach based on a well-validated, process-based, tree-ring growth model that is independent of temporal changes in technical properties and image quality of remote sensing products...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614556/binocular-therapy-for-childhood-amblyopia-improves-vision-without-breaking-interocular-suppression
#5
Manuela Bossi, Vijay K Tailor, Elaine J Anderson, Peter J Bex, John A Greenwood, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor, Steven C Dakin
Purpose: Amblyopia is a common developmental visual impairment characterized by a substantial difference in acuity between the two eyes. Current monocular treatments, which promote use of the affected eye by occluding or blurring the fellow eye, improve acuity, but are hindered by poor compliance. Recently developed binocular treatments can produce rapid gains in visual function, thought to be as a result of reduced interocular suppression. We set out to develop an effective home-based binocular treatment system for amblyopia that would engage high levels of compliance but that would also allow us to assess the role of suppression in children's response to binocular treatment...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613356/outpatient-wide-field-digital-imaging-of-infants-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#6
Robert W Arnold, Robin L Grendahl, R Kevin Winkle, Jack Jacob
Eight infants were closely monitored for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) while in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU); two required laser therapy. After discharge from the NICU, they had outpatient examination with dilated, scleral depressed ROP staging, and each had digital widefield retinal imaging (Optos, Dunfermline, United Kingdom) without lid speculum, or with lid speculum if not cooperative. Images were shared remotely using ROP-Check software (Glacier Medical Software, Anchorage, AK), from which ophthalmologists made clinical impressions...
June 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606818/investigating-unlicensed-retail-drug-vendors-preparedness-and-knowledge-about-malaria-an-exploratory-study-in-rural-uganda
#7
Eric Liow, Rosemin Kassam, Richard Sekiwunga
BACKGROUND: Despite major efforts to increase the uptake of preventive measures and timely use of the first line antimalarial treatment artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT), Uganda continues to fall short of meeting its national malaria control targets. One of the challenges has been scaling up effective measures in rural and remote areas where the unlicensed private retail sector remains the first point of contact and a common source of treatment. The current paper discusses unlicensed vendors' (1) training related to malaria case management for children aged five and under, and (2) knowledge related to the cause of malaria, preventive measures, common signs, and symptoms, diagnostic procedures, and best treatment options...
June 9, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598621/roughness-in-surface-force-measurements-extension-of-dlvo-theory-to-describe-the-forces-between-hafnia-surfaces
#8
Namsoon Eom, Drew Francis Parsons, Vincent S J Craig
The interaction between colloidal particles is commonly viewed through the lens of DLVO theory, whereby the interaction is described as the sum of the electrostatic and dispersion forces. For similar materials acting across a medium at pH values remote from the isoelectric point the theory typically involves an electrostatic repulsion that is overcome by dispersion forces at very small separations. However, the dominance of the dispersion forces at short-separations is generally not seen in force measurements, with the exception of the interaction between mica surfaces...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555250/ultrasound-biomechanical-anatomy-of-the-soft-structures-in-relation-to-the-ulnar-nerve-in-the-cubital-tunnel-of-the-elbow
#9
Paul Michelin, Grégoire Leleup, Mourad Ould-Slimane, Marie Caroline Merlet, Benjamin Dubourg, Fabrice Duparc
BACKGROUND: Chronic ulnar nerve entrapment worsened by elbow flexion is the most common injury, but rare painful conditions may also be related to ulnar nerve instability. The posterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament (pMCL) and the retinaculum, respectively form a soft floor and a ceiling for the cubital tunnel. The aim of our study was to dynamically assess these soft structures of the cubital tunnel focusing on those involved in the biomechanics of the ulnar nerve. METHODS: Forty healthy volunteers had a bilateral ultrasonography of the cubital tunnel...
May 29, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549382/is-remote-health-different-to-rural-health
#10
John Wakerman, Lisa Bourke, John S Humphreys, Judy Taylor
INTRODUCTION: The study identifies the differences between rural health and remote health and describes key distinctive characteristics of remote health. METHODS: The study used a mixed method approach of interviews and questionnaires (utilising a Likert scale) with expert stakeholders in rural health and remote health. A total of 45 interviews were conducted with experts selected from every state and territory of Australia. Of these, 41 also completed a questionnaire, of which 21 respondents were female, 20 identified predominantly as academics while six, five and five indicated that they worked in policy, advocacy and as a practitioner, respectively...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545538/providing-online-weight-management-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-process-evaluation-of-healthcare-practitioners-experiences-of-using-and-supporting-patients-using-power
#11
Emily Smith, Katherine Bradbury, Lisa Scott, Mary Steele, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: An online weight management intervention (POWeR+) combined with a small amount of primary care healthcare practitioner support is effective in helping patients to lose weight, but little is known about how practitioners interact with the POWeR+ intervention or their experiences of providing support for patients using POWeR+. The aim of this study was to explore practitioners' usage of POWeR+ and their experiences of providing support to patients using POWeR+. METHODS: Set within a randomised controlled trial of POWeR+, practitioners' usage of POWeR+ was automatically captured and a qualitative process analysis was conducted employing semi-structured telephone interviews with practitioners who provided support to patients using POWeR+...
May 25, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539139/relaxation-with-immersive-natural-scenes-presented-using-virtual-reality
#12
Allison P Anderson, Michael D Mayer, Abigail M Fellows, Devin R Cowan, Mark T Hegel, Jay C Buckey
INTRODUCTION: Virtual reality (VR) can provide exposure to nature for those living in isolated confined environments. We evaluated VR-presented natural settings for reducing stress and improving mood. METHODS: There were 18 participants (9 men, 9 women), ages 32 ± 12 yr, who viewed three 15-min 360° scenes (an indoor control, rural Ireland, and remote beaches). Subjects were mentally stressed with arithmetic before scenes. Electrodermal activity (EDA) and heart rate variability measured psycho-physiological arousal...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521194/preconception-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-mixed-methods-study-of-provider-knowledge-and-practice
#13
J Klein, J A Boyle, R Kirkham, C Connors, C Whitbread, J Oats, F Barzi, D McIntyre, I Lee, M Luey, J Shaw, A D H Brown, L J Maple-Brown
AIMS: Preconception care may decrease adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with pre-existing diabetes mellitus. Aboriginal Australians are at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with earlier onset. We explored practitioner views on preconception care delivery for women with T2DM in the Northern Territory, where 31% of births are to Aboriginal women. METHODS: Mixed-methods study including cross-sectional survey of 156 health practitioners and 11 semi-structured interviews...
July 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514381/-complications-and-long-term-results-of-delayed-esophagoezophagostomy-for-esophageal-atresia
#14
A Yu Razumovsky, A B Alkhasov, O G Mokrushina, M A Chundokova, N V Kulikova, A G Gebekov, S A Gebekova
AIM: To evaluate complications and long-term results of delayed esophagoesophagostomy in children with esophageal atresia (EA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 165 EA children were operated at the Filatov Municipal Children's Hospital #13 for the period 2006-2016. Primary esophageal anastomosis was performed in 136 (82.4%) children with tracheoesophageal fistula. In 5 (3%) neonates with non-fistulous EA esophago- and gastrostomy were made for further coloesophagoplasty. Other 24 (14...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514365/-the-detection-of-the-human-papilloma-virus-during-hyperplastic-processes-in-the-nose-ears-and-throat
#15
N V Boiko, S N Panchenko
The objective of the present work was to carry out the virological and histological studies of various neoplastic and hyperplastic processes in the nose, ears, and throat with a view to identifying the presence of human papilloma virus and Epstein-Barr virus. The brush biopsies and remote neoplasms obtained from 18 patients (including 2 children and 16 adults) presenting with various ENT diseases and tumours were available for the virological investigation with the use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a system MY09-MY11 degenerate primers ...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509602/a-remote-view
#16
Sarah Lipscomb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502219/towards-an-ethics-for-telehealth
#17
Carlo Botrugno
Over the last two decades, a public rationale for the implementation of telehealth has emerged at the interplay of specialised literature and political orientations. Despite the lack of consistent findings on the magnitude of its benefits, telehealth is nowadays presented as a worthy solution both for patients and healthcare institutions. Far from denying the potential advantages of telehealth, the main objective of this work is to provide a critical assessment on the spread of the remote services as a vector of positive transformation of contemporary health systems...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495347/a-web-based-clinical-decision-support-system-for-gestational-diabetes-automatic-diet-prescription-and-detection-of-insulin-needs
#18
Estefanía Caballero-Ruiz, Gema García-Sáez, Mercedes Rigla, María Villaplana, Belen Pons, M Elena Hernando
BACKGROUND: The growth of diabetes prevalence is causing an increasing demand in health care services which affects the clinicians' workload as medical resources do not grow at the same rate as the diabetic population. Decision support tools can help clinicians with the inspection of monitoring data, providing a preliminary analysis to ease their interpretation and reduce the evaluation time per patient. This paper presents Sinedie, a clinical decision support system designed to manage the treatment of patients with gestational diabetes...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490620/physical-activity-evaluation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#19
REVIEW
Christine Voss, Kevin C Harris
Significant advances in the management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have resulted in marked improvements in survival and life expectancy. Thus, there is an increased emphasis on promoting physical activity to optimise healthy development and long-term cardiovascular health. Evaluation of physical activity levels as part of ongoing clinical care is recommended to facilitate physical activity counselling and/or exercise prescription. Physical activity is a complex health behaviour that is challenging to evaluate...
May 10, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469024/china-s-fight-to-halt-tree-cover-loss
#20
Antje Ahrends, Peter M Hollingsworth, Philip Beckschäfer, Huafang Chen, Robert J Zomer, Lubiao Zhang, Mingcheng Wang, Jianchu Xu
China is investing immense resources for planting trees, totalling more than US$ 100 billion in the past decade alone. Every year, China reports more afforestation than the rest of the world combined. Here, we show that China's forest cover gains are highly definition-dependent. If the definition of 'forest' follows FAO criteria (including immature and temporarily unstocked areas), China has gained 434 000 km(2) between 2000 and 2010. However, remotely detectable gains of vegetation that non-specialists would view as forest (tree cover higher than 5 m and minimum 50% crown cover) are an order of magnitude less (33 000 km(2))...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
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