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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521194/preconception-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-mixed-methods-study-of-provider-knowledge-and-practice
#1
J Klein, J A Boyle, R Kirkham, C Connors, C Whitbread, J Oats, F Barzi, D McIntyre, I Lee, M Luey, J Shaw, A D H Brown, L J Maple-Brown
AIMS: Preconception care may decrease adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with pre-existing diabetes mellitus. Aboriginal Australians are at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with earlier onset. We explored practitioner views on preconception care delivery for women with T2DM in the Northern Territory, where 31% of births are to Aboriginal women. METHODS: Mixed-methods study including cross-sectional survey of 156 health practitioners and 11 semi-structured interviews...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514381/-complications-and-long-term-results-of-delayed-esophagoezophagostomy-for-esophageal-atresia
#2
A Yu Razumovsky, A B Alkhasov, O G Mokrushina, M A Chundokova, N V Kulikova, A G Gebekov, S A Gebekova
AIM: To evaluate complications and long-term results of delayed esophagoesophagostomy in children with esophageal atresia (EA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 165 EA children were operated at the Filatov Municipal Children's Hospital #13 for the period 2006-2016. Primary esophageal anastomosis was performed in 136 (82.4%) children with tracheoesophageal fistula. In 5 (3%) neonates with non-fistulous EA esophago- and gastrostomy were made for further coloesophagoplasty. Other 24 (14...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514365/-the-detection-of-the-human-papilloma-virus-during-hyperplastic-processes-in-the-nose-ears-and-throat
#3
N V Boiko, S N Panchenko
The objective of the present work was to carry out the virological and histological studies of various neoplastic and hyperplastic processes in the nose, ears, and throat with a view to identifying the presence of human papilloma virus and Epstein-Barr virus. The brush biopsies and remote neoplasms obtained from 18 patients (including 2 children and 16 adults) presenting with various ENT diseases and tumours were available for the virological investigation with the use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a system MY09-MY11 degenerate primers ...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509602/a-remote-view
#4
Sarah Lipscomb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502219/towards-an-ethics-for-telehealth
#5
Carlo Botrugno
Over the last two decades, a public rationale for the implementation of telehealth has emerged at the interplay of specialised literature and political orientations. Despite the lack of consistent findings on the magnitude of its benefits, telehealth is nowadays presented as a worthy solution both for patients and healthcare institutions. Far from denying the potential advantages of telehealth, the main objective of this work is to provide a critical assessment on the spread of the remote services as a vector of positive transformation of contemporary health systems...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495347/a-web-based-clinical-decision-support-system-for-gestational-diabetes-automatic-diet-prescription-and-detection-of-insulin-needs
#6
Estefanía Caballero-Ruiz, Gema García-Sáez, Mercedes Rigla, María Villaplana, Belen Pons, M Elena Hernando
BACKGROUND: The growth of diabetes prevalence is causing an increasing demand in health care services which affects the clinicians' workload as medical resources do not grow at the same rate as the diabetic population. Decision support tools can help clinicians with the inspection of monitoring data, providing a preliminary analysis to ease their interpretation and reduce the evaluation time per patient. This paper presents Sinedie, a clinical decision support system designed to manage the treatment of patients with gestational diabetes...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490620/physical-activity-evaluation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#7
REVIEW
Christine Voss, Kevin C Harris
Significant advances in the management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have resulted in marked improvements in survival and life expectancy. Thus, there is an increased emphasis on promoting physical activity to optimise healthy development and long-term cardiovascular health. Evaluation of physical activity levels as part of ongoing clinical care is recommended to facilitate physical activity counselling and/or exercise prescription. Physical activity is a complex health behaviour that is challenging to evaluate...
May 10, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469024/china-s-fight-to-halt-tree-cover-loss
#8
Antje Ahrends, Peter M Hollingsworth, Philip Beckschäfer, Huafang Chen, Robert J Zomer, Lubiao Zhang, Mingcheng Wang, Jianchu Xu
China is investing immense resources for planting trees, totalling more than US$ 100 billion in the past decade alone. Every year, China reports more afforestation than the rest of the world combined. Here, we show that China's forest cover gains are highly definition-dependent. If the definition of 'forest' follows FAO criteria (including immature and temporarily unstocked areas), China has gained 434 000 km(2) between 2000 and 2010. However, remotely detectable gains of vegetation that non-specialists would view as forest (tree cover higher than 5 m and minimum 50% crown cover) are an order of magnitude less (33 000 km(2))...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468409/three-dimensional-focusing-through-scattering-media-using-conjugate-adaptive-optics-with-remote-focusing-caorf
#9
Xiaodong Tao, Tuwin Lam, Bingzhao Zhu, Qinggele Li, Marc R Reinig, Joel Kubby
The small correction volume for conventional wavefront shaping methods limits their application in biological imaging through scattering media. We demonstrate large volume wavefront shaping through a scattering layer with a single correction by conjugate adaptive optics and remote focusing (CAORF). The remote focusing module can maintain the conjugation between the adaptive optical (AO) element and the scattering layer during three-dimensional scanning. This new configuration provides a wider correction volume by better utilization of the memory effect in a fast three-dimensional laser scanning microscope...
May 1, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468386/non-line-of-sight-tracking-of-people-at-long-range
#10
Susan Chan, Ryan E Warburton, Genevieve Gariepy, Jonathan Leach, Daniele Faccio
A remote-sensing system that can determine the position of hidden objects has applications in many critical real-life scenarios, such as search and rescue missions and safe autonomous driving. Previous work has shown the ability to range and image objects hidden from the direct line of sight, employing advanced optical imaging technologies aimed at small objects at short range. In this work we demonstrate a long-range tracking system based on single laser illumination and single-pixel single-photon detection...
May 1, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465792/effects-of-intermittent-fasting-on-health-markers-in-those-with-type-2-diabetes-a-pilot-study
#11
Terra G Arnason, Matthew W Bowen, Kerry D Mansell
AIM: To determine the short-term biochemical effects and clinical tolerability of intermittent fasting (IF) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: We describe a three-phase observational study (baseline 2 wk, intervention 2 wk, follow-up 2 wk) designed to determine the clinical, biochemical, and tolerability of IF in community-dwelling volunteer adults with T2DM. Biochemical, anthropometric, and physical activity measurements (using the Yale Physical Activity Survey) were taken at the end of each phase...
April 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452755/non-contact-luminescence-lifetime-cryothermometry-for-macromolecular-crystallography
#12
V B Mykhaylyk, A Wagner, H Kraus
Temperature is a very important parameter when aiming to minimize radiation damage to biological samples during experiments that utilize intense ionizing radiation. A novel technique for remote, non-contact, in situ monitoring of the protein crystal temperature has been developed for the new I23 beamline at the Diamond Light Source, a facility dedicated to macromolecular crystallography (MX) with long-wavelength X-rays. The temperature is derived from the temperature-dependent decay time constant of luminescence from a minuscule scintillation sensor (<0...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451689/a-randomized-trial-comparing-classical-participatory-design-to-vandaid-an-interactive-crowdsourcing-platform-to-facilitate-user-centered-design
#13
Kevin R Dufendach, Sabine Koch, Kim M Unertl, Christoph U Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Early involvement of stakeholders in the design of medical software is particularly important due to the need to incorporate complex knowledge and actions associated with clinical work. Standard user-centered design methods include focus groups and participatory design sessions with individual stakeholders, which generally limit user involvement to a small number of individuals due to the significant time investments from designers and end users. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this project was to reduce the effort for end users to participate in co-design of a software user interface by developing an interactive web-based crowdsourcing platform...
April 28, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443005/waking-up-buried-memories-of-old-tv-programs
#14
Christelle Larzabal, Nadège Bacon-Macé, Sophie Muratot, Simon J Thorpe
Although it has been demonstrated that visual and auditory stimuli can be recalled decades after the initial exposure, previous studies have generally not ruled out the possibility that the material may have been seen or heard during the intervening period. Evidence shows that reactivations of a long-term memory trace play a role in its update and maintenance. In the case of remote or very long-term memories, it is most likely that these reactivations are triggered by the actual re-exposure to the stimulus...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422404/the-use-of-resuscitation-plans-at-a-tertiary-australian-hospital-room-for-improvement
#15
Roger J Smith, John D Santamaria, Jennifer A Holmes, Espedito E Faraone, Patricia N Hurune, David A Reid
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the introduction of a document for recording the resuscitation plans of patients at a tertiary hospital. The 'Acute Resuscitation Plan' (ARP) was introduced in September 2014, superseding the 'Not for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)' form. Unlike the Not for CPR form, the ARP was relevant to patients with and without resuscitation limits. DESIGN: Retrospective audit of the records of all admissions to the hospital from January-June 2014 (Not for CPR period) and January-June 2015 (ARP period)...
April 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421698/historical-harvests-reduce-neighboring-old-growth-basal-area-across-a-forest-landscape
#16
David M Bell, Thomas A Spies, Robert Pabst
While advances in remote sensing have made stand, landscape, and regional assessments of the direct impacts of disturbance on forests quite common, the edge influence of timber harvesting on the structure of neighboring unharvested forests has not been examined extensively. In this study, we examine the impact of historical timber harvests on basal area patterns of neighboring old-growth forests to assess the magnitude and scale of harvest edge influence in a forest landscape of western Oregon, USA. We used lidar data and forest plot measurements to construct 30-m resolution live tree basal area maps in lower and middle elevation mature and old-growth forests...
April 19, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421308/an-intelligent-remote-monitoring-system-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients
#17
Yunus Msayib, Patrick Gaydecki, Michael Callaghan, Nicola Dale, Sheheera Ismail
For the first six weeks following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), a patient will attend an outpatient clinic typically seen twice weekly. Here, an exercise regime is performed and improvement assessed using a hand held goniometer that measures the maximum angle of knee flexion, an important metric of progress. Additionally a series of daily exercises is performed at home, recorded in a diary. This protocol has problems. Patients must attend the hospital with assistance since they are not permitted to drive for six weeks following the procedure; appointments are sometimes missed; there are occasionally not enough physiotherapy appointment available; furthermore, it is difficult to be sure that patients are compliant with their exercises at home...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415230/scale-invariant-puddles-in-graphene-geometric-properties-of-electron-hole-distribution-at-the-dirac-point
#18
M N Najafi, M Ghasemi Nezhadhaghighi
We characterize the carrier density profile of the ground state of graphene in the presence of particle-particle interaction and random charged impurity in zero gate voltage. We provide detailed analysis on the resulting spatially inhomogeneous electron gas, taking into account the particle-particle interaction and the remote Coulomb disorder on an equal footing within the Thomas-Fermi-Dirac theory. We present some general features of the carrier density probability measure of the graphene sheet. We also show that, when viewed as a random surface, the electron-hole puddles at zero chemical potential show peculiar self-similar statistical properties...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403914/are-primary-healthcare-services-culturally-appropriate-for-aboriginal-people-findings-from-a-remote-community
#19
Kaye Smith, Yaqoot Fatima, Sabina Knight
This study explored the views of key stakeholders on cultural appropriateness of primary health care (PHC) services for Aboriginal people. A total of 78 participants, including healthcare providers, administrative team members (n=24, ~30% of study sample) and Aboriginal community members (n=54, ~70% of study sample) living in remote North West Queensland participated in the study. Outcome measures were assessed by administering survey questionnaires comprising qualitative questions and various subscales (e...
April 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397775/coastal-areas-division-and-coverage-with-multiple-uavs-for-remote-sensing
#20
Fotios Balampanis, Iván Maza, Aníbal Ollero
This paper tackles the problems of exact cell decomposition and partitioning of a coastal region for a team of heterogeneous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) with an approach that takes into account the field of view or sensing radius of the sensors on-board. An initial sensor-based exact cell decomposition of the area aids in the partitioning process, which is performed in two steps. In the first step, a growing regions algorithm performs an isotropic partitioning of the area based on the initial locations of the UAVs and their relative capabilities...
April 9, 2017: Sensors
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